List of shipwrecks in 1990

The list of shipwrecks in 1990 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1990.

table of contents
1990
Jan Feb Mar Apr
May Jun Jul Aug
Sep Oct Nov Dec
Unknown date
References

January

4 January

List of shipwrecks: 4 January 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Boleslaw Krzywousty  Poland Eritrean War of Independence: The cargo ship was hit by rockets fired by Eritrean rebels and either sank or was beached (16°23′N 39°12′E). Later declared a constructive total loss, lending credence to the possibility that she was beached.[1][2]

8 January

List of shipwrecks: 8 January 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Orient Pioneer  Liberia The bulk carrier was abandoned in the Indian Ocean. She was on a voyage from Tubarao, Brazil to Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Orient Pioneer sank on 21 January.[3]

9 January

List of shipwrecks: 9 January 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Sally Albatross  Finland The cruiseferry caught fire at Finnboda, Nacka, Sweden. Her superstructure was consequently scrapped and the hull was salvaged and rebuilt.

20 January

List of shipwrecks: 20 January 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Charlie  Cyprus The cargo ship foundered in the Atlantic Ocean north of the Azores with the loss of all 27 crew.[4]

28 January

List of shipwrecks: 28 January 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Bobby Lee  United States The 32-foot (9.8 m) fishing vessel sank in Frederick Sound in the Alexander Archipelago in Southeast Alaska after she became disabled during bad weeather. A United States Coast Guard helicopter rescued her crew of two.[5]

29 January

List of shipwrecks: 29 January 1990
ShipCountryDescription
American Star  United States The110-foot (33.5 m) crab-fishing vessel was wrecked on a beach on Otter Island in the Pribilof Islands in the Bering Sea. A United States Coast Guard helicopter rescued her entire crew of six.[6]
Kittiwake United States Fish and Wildlife Service During a voyage in the Aleutian Islands from Kagalaska Island to Adak, Alaska, the 25-foot (7.6 m) motor vessel, an Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge boat, drifted onto the western coast of Adak Island in the Aleutian Islands during a blizzard, was swamped by a wave, and capsized with the loss of one man and one woman – both United States Fish and Wildlife Service employees – on board. Her two survivors – a man and a woman – were rescued by United States Coast Guard and United States Navy personnel on 30 January.[7][8][9]

30 January

List of shipwrecks: 30 January 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Flag Theofano  Greece The bulk cement carrier foundered in the English Channel off the Isle of Wight with the loss of all nineteen crew.[10][11]

February

4 February

List of shipwrecks: 4 February 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Pavlov  United States The 163-foot (49.7 m) fishing vessel was destroyed by fire in the Pribilof Islands. The fishing vessel Shishaldin ( United States) rescued all 19 members of her crew from life rafts.[12]

22 February

List of shipwrecks: 22 February 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Cobra  United States The 58-foot (17.7 m) fishing vessel flooded and was abandoned in Swanson Harbor (58°11′30″N 135°05′00″W) in Southeast Alaska. The fishing vessel Jenny ( United States) rescued her crew of four.[13]

27 February

List of shipwrecks: 27 February 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Romance  United States The 36-foot (11.0 m) troller rolled over and sank in the harbor at Wrangell, Alaska. Another fishing vessel rescued all four people – two adults and two children – aboard.[14]

28 February

List of shipwrecks: 28 February 1990
ShipCountryDescription
J. Aus  United States The 54-foot (16.5 m) fishing trawler disappeared in a gale in the Gulf of Alaska during a voyage from Blaine, Washington, to King Cove, Alaska, with the loss of all three people on board.[15]

March

4 March

List of shipwrecks: 4 March 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Toledo  Hong Kong The bulk carrier was beached at Pendower Beach, Falmouth, Cornwall.[16]

9 March

List of shipwrecks: 9 March 1990
ShipCountryDescription
K T  United States The 65-foot (19.8 m) fishing vessel became disabled and sank at McLean Point (54°47′30″N 131°57′15″W) in Southeast Alaska. The tug Simpson ( United States) rescued her entire crew of three.[7]

14 March

List of shipwrecks: 14 March 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Alexandre P  Panama The bulk carrier foundered off Dampier, Western Australia with the loss of all hands. She was on a voyage from Dampier to Cape Town, South Africa.[17]

15 March

List of shipwrecks: 15 March 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Alaskan Monarch  United States While trying to enter the harbor at St. Paul on Saint Paul Island in the Bering Sea, the 92-foot (28.0 m) crab-fishing vessel became trapped in ice and was forced aground by wind and surf. A United States Coast Guard helicopter rescued her crew of six as 25-foot (7.6 m) waves broke over her. She broke up on the beach, and her wreckage later was removed.[6]

22 March

List of shipwrecks: 22 March 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Aleutian Enterprise  United States The 142-foot (43.3 m) fish processing trawler capsized and sank in the Bering Sea approximately 60 nautical miles (110 km; 69 mi) south of Saint Paul Island with the loss of nine lives. There were 22 survivors.[6]

29 March

List of shipwrecks: 29 March 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Attu  United States The 65-foot (19.8 m) longline fishing schooner ran aground and sank at Kayak Island on the south-central coast of Alaska. Her crew of seven survived.[6]

April

2 April

List of shipwrecks: 2 April 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Tadoussac  Canada The lake freighter struck a bridge abutment at Port Colborne, Ontario. The ship received an 11-foot (3 m) crack in her hull and the abutment was also damaged.[18]

7 April

List of shipwrecks: 7 April 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Scandinavian Star  Bahamas The ferry suffered two fires fifteen minutes apart whilst in the Skagerrak. The second of which was arson. One hundred and fifty-eight people were killed in the fire, which burned for ten hours. She was subsequently repaired and returned to service.
Takan  United States The 45-foot (13.7 m) halibut longliner sank in 15-foot (4.6 m) seas off (Cape Spencer in Southeast Alaska. Her four-man crew abandoned ship in survival suits and all were rescued by a United States Coast Guard helicopter.[19]

19 April

List of shipwrecks: 19 April 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Mineral Star  Cyprus The cargo ship was beached at Vitória, Brazil after her engine room flooded. She was refloated in July, but was declared a constructive total loss and sold for scrap. Mineral Star was scrapped at Alang, India in 1992.[20]

25 April

List of shipwrecks: 25 April 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Mardi Sue Lynn  United States The 35-foot (10.7 m) crab-fishing vessel burned to the waterline at Cape Chiniak on the south-central coast of Alaska. Her crew of three abandoned ship in a Zodiac inflatable boat and survived.[21]

26 April

List of shipwrecks: 26 April 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Deborah D  United States The 99-foot (30.2 m) fish tender ran aground and sank while at anchor in Ursus Cove (59°32′N 153°40′W) on the south-central coast of Alaska.[22]

29 April

List of shipwrecks: 29 April 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Buzzard  United States The 25-foot (7.6 m) fishing vessel sank off Naked Island (60°40′N 147°25′W) in Prince William Sound on the south-central coast of Alaska. The fishing vessel Breaker ( United States) rescued her crew of three.[5]

May

1 May

List of shipwrecks: 1 May 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Beaver  United States The 65-foot (19.8 m) fish tender ran aground without loss of life near Kodiak, Alaska, and was abandoned.[5]
Little Ann  United States The 90-foot (27.4 m) longline halibut-fishing vessel sank on Portlock Bank (58°20′00″N 150°30′00″W) in the Gulf of Alaska 60 nautical miles (110 km; 69 mi) east of Kodiak, Alaska. The fishing vessel Sandra Su ( United States) rescued all eight people aboard.[23]

15 May

List of shipwrecks: 15 May 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Smokwa  United States After being refloated from where she had sunk about a year earlier at her moorings near Port Lions, Alaska, on Kodiak Island, the derelict 1,588-ton steamer – formerly a ferry and later a fish processing vessel – was towed out of Kizhuyak Bay and scuttled in waters 6,000 feet (1,800 m) deep in the Gulf of Alaska. One account claims that she began to sink on her own before the scuttling process could begin, forcing her towing vessel, the salvage tug Salvage Chief ( United States), to cut her loose to avoid being pulled under with her.[24][25]

27 May

List of shipwrecks: 27 May 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Foxfire  United States The 30-foot (9.1 m) fishing vessel burned and sank in Prince William Sound off Point Pigot (60°48′15″N 148°20′45″W) on the south-central coast of Alaska. The vessel Azuma Searay ( United States) rescued the only person aboard.[26]

June

6 June

List of shipwrecks: 6 June 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Va-Sea-Lees  United States The 40-foot (12.2 m) fiberglass longline halibut fishing vessel was destroyed by an engine room fire and sank off the south-central coast of Alaska in Prince William Sound outside of Strawberry Channel (60°24′N 146°03′W).[27]

7 June

List of shipwrecks: 7 June 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Coho  United States The 29-foot (8.8 m) longline halibut-fishing vessel capsized and sank on the south-central coast of Alaska in Cook Inlet off Dangerous Cape (59°24′00″N 151°54′20″W) after she took water over her stern while heavily loaded with fish.[13]

19 June

List of shipwrecks: 19 June 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Hana Cove  United States The 50-foot (15.2 m) fish tender sank in Valdez Narrows (61°03′15″N 146°40′30″W) on the south-central coast of Alaska after she lost steering and struck a rock. Her crew of four swam to shore in survival suits and survived.[28]

20 June

List of shipwrecks: 20 June 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Justy  United States The 30-foot (9.1 m) fishing vessel sank near Robert Island (57°18′15″N 133°28′50″W) in Southeast Alaska. The fishing vessel Alaska Dawn ( United States) rescued her crew of two.[15]

27 June

List of shipwrecks: 27 June 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Shin Yang Ho  South Korea The 261-foot (79.6 m) fishing vessel sank in Bristol Bay 60 nautical miles (110 km; 69 mi) south of Dillingham, Alaska, after colliding with the vessel Shinei Maru No. 63 ( Japan). All 55 members of her crew survived.[24][29]

July

7 July

List of shipwrecks: 7 July 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Debby Joann  United States The 38-foot (11.6 m) fishing vessel sank in 30 feet (9.1 m) of water in Cook Inlet off Kasilof, Alaska. The only person aboard survived.[22]

14 July

List of shipwrecks: 14 July 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Lady Louise  United States The 49-foot (14.9 m) salmon troller struck a rock and sank at Point Turbot (57°09′45″N 134°48′00″W) in Southeast Alaska. A private helicopter rescued her crew.[23]

22 July

List of shipwrecks: 22 July 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Min Ping Yu No. 5540  China The 17.5-metre (57 ft) fishing boat was stranded on a beach in Pingtan County, Fujian, and 25 corpses were found in two of its holds who had died from suffocation. It was used by the Taiwan military for repatriation of 76 mainland Chinese illegal immigrants, 63 of whom were kept in holds sealed with long nails by the military.[30]

30 July

List of shipwrecks: 30 July 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Diosa del Mar  United States The schooner ran aground on Ship Rock, Catalina Island, California (33°27′46″N 118°29′31″W) whilst avoiding a collision with a powerboat and sank.

August

3 August

List of shipwrecks: 3 August 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Makaka  United States The 152-foot (46.3 m) fish tender was wrecked without loss of life on Fern Reef (55°29′30″N 133°15′50″W) off San Fernando Island (55.5141667°N 133.3569444°W / 55.5141667; -133.3569444 (San Fernando Island)) in Southeast Alaska.[21]

13 August

List of shipwrecks: 13 August 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Min Ping Yu No. 5202  China The 50-foot (15 m) fishing boat was hit by the accompanying Taiwanese naval frigate ROCS Wen Shan 13 nautical miles (24 km; 15 mi) to the north of Keelung. It then broke into two pieces and sank. 21 people were drowned. It was used by the Taiwan military for repatriation of 50 mainland Chinese illegal immigrants.[31]

19 August

List of shipwrecks: 19 August 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Karen Lee  United States The 58-foot (17.7 m) salmon gillnetter capsized suddenly and sank off Peninsular Point (57°30′30″N 134°50′00″W) in Chatham Strait in the Alexander Archipelago in Southeast Alaska. The fishing vessel Polar Lady ( United States) rescued all seven members of her crew.[7]

24 August

List of shipwrecks: 24 August 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Verma  United States The 46-foot (14.0 m) wooden salmon fishing vessel sank with the loss of one crew member after colliding with the tug John Brix ( United States) in Snow Pass (56°17′N 132°57′W) in Southeast Alaska. The fishing vessel Viking Serenade ( United States) rescued her other five crew members.[27]

27 August

List of shipwrecks: 27 August 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Padgie  United States The 45-foot (13.7 m) salmon troller was wrecked without loss of life in Yakutat Bay on the coast of Alaska after her anchor line broke.[12]

31 August

List of shipwrecks: 31 August 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Unidentified patrol boat  Spanish Navy The P-205 Type patrol boat was destroyed by a bomb planted by ETA at San Sebastian.[32]

Unknown date

List of shipwrecks: Unknown
ShipCountryDescription
Pasithea  Greece Carrying a cargo of iron ore, the ore-oil bulk carrier was last heard from on 4 August and subsequently vanished soon thereafter in the Pacific Ocean off Kashima, Japan, during Typhoon Vernon.[33][34]

September

1 September

List of shipwrecks: 1 September 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Sea Lady  United States The 36-foot (11.0 m) salmon-fishing vessel sank after an engine room fire destroyed her off Ninilchik, Alaska. Her two crew members were rescued from a life raft.[24]

3 September

List of shipwrecks: 3 September 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Robert E. Lee  United States The 24-foot (7.3 m) fishing vessel was swamped and wrecked on Perry Island in Prince William Sound on the south-central coast of Alaska. The only person aboard spent the night on the island and was rescued the next day by the fishing vessel Northern Light ( United States).[14]

6 September

List of shipwrecks: 6 September 1990
ShipCountryDescription
RFA Fort Victoria  Royal Fleet Auxiliary The Troubles, RFA Fort Victoria bombing: The Fort Victoria-class replenishment oiler was damaged at Belfast, County Antrim by a bomb placed in her engine room by the IRA. She was repaired and entered service three years behind schedule.

9 September

List of shipwrecks: 9 September 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Puck  United States The 30-foot (9.1 m) fishing vessel capsized in Prince William Sound on the south-central coast of Alaska. The fishing vessel Controller Bay ( United States) rescued the only person aboard from atop Puck′s overturned hull.[12]

13 September

List of shipwrecks: 13 September 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Kanatee  United States The 38-foot (11.6 m) fishing vessel flooded at Beauchamp Island (56°43′N 134°14′W) in Southeast Alaska southeast of Sitka, Alaska. Her crew of two abandoned ship in a skiff and was rescued from the beach by a United States Coast Guard helicopter.[7]

14 September

List of shipwrecks: 14 September 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Ku Sun K  United States The 32-foot (9.8 m) fishing vessel ran aground in Cannery Bay (53°42′30″N 166°47′30″W) on the northern coast of Unalaska Island in the Aleutian Islands after a wave struck her. The only person aboard survived.[7]
Wilhaul Too  United States The 92-foot (28.0 m) fish tender sank in Ugashik Bay, Alaska, in rough weather while operating with a hole in her hull. The refrigerated cargo ship Mizuho Ace (flag unknown) rescued her entire crew of seven.[35]

16 September

List of shipwrecks: 16 September 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Sanda  United States The 44-foot (13.4 m) longline halibut-fishing vessel dragged her anchor, ran agroind, and broke up in the surf in Main Bay (60°33′N 148°02′W) on the south-central coast of Alaska. Her two-man crew survived and was rescued by the fishing vessel Rain Song ( United States).[24]
Wind Song  United States The 50-foot (15.2 m) crab-fishing vessel was wrecked on Wingham Island in the Gulf of Alaska. A United States Coast Guard helicopter hoisted her four-man crew to safety.[35]

23 September

List of shipwrecks: 23 September 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Janice M  United States The 47-foot (14.3 m) longline fishing vessel was destroyed off Cape Hinchinbrook on the south-central coast of Alaska by a fire that started when a leaky gasoline can was placed near her cook stove. Her crew of three survived.[15]

27 September

List of shipwrecks: 27 September 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Salmo Point  United States The 85-foot (25.9 m) fishing vessel sank near Yakutat, Alaska. Wearing survival suits, all three of her crewmen were rescued by a United States Coast Guard helicopter.[24]

29 September

List of shipwrecks: 29 September 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Day’s End  United States The 31-foot (9.4 m) salmon-fishing vessel capsized off Montague Island off the south-central coast of Alaska. The only person aboard perished.[22]

Unknown date

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date September 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Ms. Aries  United States The 42-foot (12.8 m) salmon seiner sank without loss of life during a voyage from Chignik to Kodiak, Alaska.[21]
HMS Naiad  Royal Navy The Leander-class frigate was sunk as a target.

October

1 October

List of shipwrecks: 1 October 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Curlew  United States The 33-foot (10.1 m) fish tender capsized and sank in bad weather off the Barren Islands off the south-central coast of Alaska. Her crew of two survived.[13]

8 October

List of shipwrecks: 8 October 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Arcticus Rex  United States The 29-foot (8.8 m) salmon-fishing vessel capsized and sank in Unimak Pass in the Aleutian Islands. Both members of her crew – a man and a woman – perished.[6]

19 October

List of shipwrecks: 19 October 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Joy Seas  United States The 32-foot (9.8 m) fishing vessel ran aground and was lost in Bass Harbor (60°37′30″N 147°24′30″W) in Prince William Sound on the south-central coast of Alaska. A United States Coast Guard helicopter rescued her crew of five.[15]

24 October

List of shipwrecks: 24 October 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Pacific Apollo  United States The 167-foot (50.9 m) fishing vessel sank off the Queen Charlotte Islands off British Columbia, Canada. Three of the four people on board perished.[12]

27 October

List of shipwrecks: 27 October 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Cantarell  Mexico The LPG tanker was severely damaged at Pajaritos, Veracruz, Mexico, by the explosion of her cargo while loading. She was later repaired and returned to service.[36]

November

9 November

List of shipwrecks: 9 November 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Becca Dawn  United States The 52-foot (15.8 m) longline halibut-fishing vessel rolled over sank with the loss of one life near Port Chatham (59°12′30″N 151°47′00″W) on the south-central coast of Alaska. A United States Coast Guard helicopter rescued her three survivors.[5]

17 November

List of shipwrecks: 17 November 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Osa Ghent  Liberia The tug capsized and sank at Singapore. She was refloated on 23 November.[20]

22 November

List of shipwrecks: 22 November 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Antares  United Kingdom The fishing trawler was fishing in Bute Sound when her nets were snagged by the submerged submarine HMS Trenchant ( Royal Navy). She was pulled down and sunk with the loss of all four crew.[37]

25 November

List of shipwrecks: 25 November 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Pisces  United States The fishing vessel burned and capsized in the Bering Sea. Her entire crew of five was rescued after abandoning ship in a life raft.[12]
Winterhawk  United States The 95-foot (29.0 m) fishing vessel sank in a storm in the Bering Sea. All five crew members were rescued from a life raft.[35]

December

22 December

List of shipwrecks: 22 December 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Tuvia  Israel The ferry capsized and sank off Haifa, Israel, killing 20 crew members of the aircraft carrier USS Saratoga ( United States Navy), who were being transferred to that ship.[38]

27 December

List of shipwrecks: 27 December 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Finn and Baltic  Finland The Finnpusku combination capsized and sank off Hanko. Later raised, repaired and returned to service in 1991 as Botnia and Steel.

28 December

List of shipwrecks: 28 December 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Jarita  Norway The cargo ship sank in the English Channel off Margate, Kent, United Kingdom, with the loss of one of her four crew.[39]
Jessica B  United States The 77-foot (23.5 m) fishing vessel was wrecked without loss of life in Kashega Bay (53°28′50″N 167°10′30″W) on the coast of Unalaska Island in the Aleutian Islands.[15]

31 December

List of shipwrecks: 31 December 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Transformer  United States The 32-foot (9.8 m) fishing vessel was destroyed by fire in Prince William Sound near Port Bainbridge (59°57′N 148°21′W), Alaska. The only person aboard survived and was rescued by the fishing vessel Serenity ( United States).[19]

Unknown date

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date 1990
ShipCountryDescription
Ramada al Salaam Hotel  Kuwait Iraqi occupation of Kuwait: The floating hotel, a former cruise ship, was attacked by Iraqi forces and destroyed at her moorings. She was later scrapped.
USS Yancey  United States Navy The decommissioned Andromeda-class attack cargo ship was sunk in the Atlantic Ocean off Morehead City, North Carolina, to form an artificial reef.

References

  1. "SS Boleslaw Krzywousty cargo Ship (1970-1990)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
  2. "Soviet and Ethiopian Navys in Eritrea (1988-1991)". soviet-Empire. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
  3. "Rudby". The Yard. Retrieved 11 March 2017.
  4. John Young (30 January 1990). "Chaos as Britain is hit by floods and gales". The Times (63616). London. col A-F, p. 22.
  5. alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (B)
  6. alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (A)
  7. alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (K)
  8. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service National Conservation Training Center: Fallen Comrades: John T. Cantu (1949-1990)
  9. Aleutian Islands Unit, Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge Annual Narrative Report Calendar Year 1990, United States Fish and Wildlife Service, unpaginated (third page of publication)
  10. Geoff King and Paul Wilkinson (31 January 1990). "19 feared deads storm sinks ship". The Times (63617). London. col E-F, p. 1.
  11. "Report on the investigation of the capsize and sinking of the cement carrier Cemfjord in the Pentland Firth, Scotland with the loss of all eight crew on 2 and 3 January 2015" (PDF). Marine Accidents Investigation Board. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  12. alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (P)
  13. alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (C)
  14. alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (R)
  15. alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (J)
  16. "Sricken bulk carrier threatens Cornwall coast". The Times (63645). London. 5 March 1990. col D-G, p. 4.
  17. "(untitled)" (PDF). Australian Transport Safety Board. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  18. Bawal Jr., Raymond A. (2008). Ships of the St. Clair River. St. Clair, Michigan: Inland Expressions. p. 90. ISBN 0-9818157-1-5.
  19. alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (T)
  20. "Belgian Merchant H-O" (PDF). Belgische Koopvaardij. Retrieved 31 October 2010.
  21. alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (M)
  22. alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (D)
  23. alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (L)
  24. alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (S)
  25. evergreenfleet.com The S.S. SMOKWA
  26. alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (F)
  27. alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (V) Retrieved 12 September 2018
  28. alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (H)
  29. Good, Warren, Captain, and Michael Burwell, Alaska Shipwrecks 1750–2015, Warren Good, 2018, ISBN 978-1-387-98114-4, p. 503.
  30. Lubman, Sarah (August 3, 1990). "China: Taiwan set adrift 26 to die". UPI. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
  31. "閩平漁5202號偷渡客獲救與撞船原因探討". 中華電視公司. 1990-08-14. Retrieved 2019-08-12.
  32. "Provisional IRA (PIRA) and ETA-Naval sabotage". Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  33. "Case No.10529 ( Wa ) of 1991" (PDF). Tokyo District Court. 17 March 1995. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
  34. "THE COST TO USERS OF SUBSTANDARD SHI" (PDF). Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. January 2001. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
  35. alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (W)
  36. "Belgian Merchant P-Z" (PDF). Belgische Koopvaardij. Retrieved 1 December 2010.
  37. "Report of the Chief Inspector of Marine Accidents into the collision between the Fishing Vessel ANTARES and HMS TRENCHANT with the loss of four lives on 22 November 1990" (PDF). Marine Accident Investigation Branch. 15 April 1992. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  38. "Sailors grieve for ferry dead". The Times (63897). London. 24 December 1990. col D, p. 5.
  39. David Young (29 December 1990). "RAF crews pick four out of sea". The Times (63901). London. col F-G, p. 1.
Ship events in 1990
Ship launches: 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Ship commissionings: 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Ship decommissionings: 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Shipwrecks: 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
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