List of shipwrecks in 1894

The list of shipwrecks in 1894 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1894.

According to the American newspapers of 1894, the winter and spring storms of December 1893 to April 1894 proved to be one of the most disastrous for the United States, particularly the Cape Cod area, since 1860.[1] The eastern seaboard of the continent had already faced a fierce hurricane season in 1893 when over 2,000 lives were lost.

table of contents
1894
Jan Feb Mar Apr
May Jun Jul Aug
Sep Oct Nov Dec
Unknown date
References

January

17 January

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Else  Denmark The barque capsized and sank in the Atlantic Ocean 600 nautical miles (1,100 km) south west of The Lizard, Cornwall, United Kingdom. Her crew were rescued by Castle Rock ( United Kingdom). Else was on a voyage from Guayaquil, Ecuador to Hamburg, Germany.[2]

18 January

List of shipwrecks: 18 January 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Mary Wood  United States The schooner was wrecked near Kodiak, Territory of Alaska.[3]

Unknown date

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Afon Cefni  United Kingdom The four-masted barque was last seen off Lundy, UK on 5 January while on voyage from Swansea to San Francisco. From 20 January to 5 February, wreckage from the ship washed up on the Cornish and Sussex coasts.[4][5]
Firth of Cromarty  United Kingdom Full rigged ship grounded in St Margaret's Bay with the loss of two lives.[6][7]

February

2 February

List of shipwrecks: 2 February 1894
ShipCountryDescription
USS Kearsarge  United States Navy The Mohican-class sloop-of-war ran aground at Roncador Cay, Colombia, and was wrecked.

12 February

List of shipwrecks: 12 February 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Huntcliff  United Kingdom The tramp steamer was beached at Blackpool, Lancashire. All crew safe. She was refloated on 23 February.
Maurice & Marguerite  Belgium The schooner foundered on a voyage between Antwerp and Buenos Aires, Argentina.[8]

24 February

List of shipwrecks: 24 February 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Aarhus  Germany The barque sank off Cape Moreton, Australia.

March

7 March

List of shipwrecks: 7 March 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Undaunted  United States The 68.18-gross register ton, 61-foot (19 m) sealing schooner was crushed by ice at Kayak Island on the coast of the Territory of Alaska at a position described in the wreck report as "60 08 12 N south end of Kayak Island Cove ESE." The entire crew of 15 escaped onto an ice floe and survived on it for 28 days before setting off in a small boat built from Undaunted's wreckage and making it to Port Etches in Prince William Sound, where the steamer Kodiak ( United States) rescued them on 4 April.[9]

13 March

List of shipwrecks: 13 March 1894
ShipCountryDescription
De Ruyter  Belgium Passed Lizard Point bound for Boston, United States. No further trace.[10]

16 March

List of shipwrecks: 16 March 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Alice N.  United States The schooner sank 1,000 yards (910 m) east of Pensacola Bay, Florida beacon.[11]

17 March

List of shipwrecks: 17 March 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Alice N.  United States The schooner (different vessel than above) was wrecked on Santa Rosa Island, Florida.[11]

22 March

List of shipwrecks: 22 March 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Glenravil Miner  United Kingdom The schooner was driven ashore and wrecked at Overton, Glamorgan. Her three crew were rescued.[12]

April

12 April

List of shipwrecks: 12 April 1894
ShipCountryDescription
S A Rudolph  United States Three-masted schooner loaded with ice blocks bound for Ocean City, Maryland from Boothbay, Maine. Captained by John P Burns of Camden, New Jersey. The ship was caught in a sudden gale on the night of 12 April and floundered on the shoals of Cape Cod. The fractured hull of the ship washed up north of Nauset Beach.[13] All six crew members perished including Captain Burns and his brothers on board the vessel.
Jennie M Carter  United States Three-masted schooner carrying paving stones bound for New York Bay. The ship was first damaged on 10 April 1894, ship owner and captain Wesley T Ober decided that he could pilot the crippled ship and dock safely, denying aid. However, they were overtaken by the storm of 12 April. The survivors attempted to abandon the schooner in a lifeboat but did not reach land. The ship, meanwhile, had been driven by the storm onto Salisbury Beach, Massachusetts.[14]
By April 15th, the crew was declared deceased after thorough searching. It is thought that the crew may have survived had they kept to the interior of the ship with the cargo. Three bodies and an overcoat belonging to the first mate were recovered; the lifeboat was recovered near Plum Island. Folklore dictates that the ship’s cat was the only survivor.
The story of the shipwrecks from April 12th and the previous weeks sparked national interest and thousands gathered to see the wreck of the Jennie M Carter.[15] The paving stones were removed and sold at auction; some were used in Salisbury. The ship remains were considered unsalvageable and left to disintegrate on the beach where it became a well-known site. Some of the wooden frame could still be seen in 2013.

14 April

List of shipwrecks: 14 April 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Unger  United States The sealing schooner was lost with all hands during a storm in the Sea of Japan.[16]

22 April

List of shipwrecks: 22 April 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Los Angeles  United States With 70 passengers and crew aboard, the steamer was wrecked on a rock in the Pacific Ocean off Point Sur on the coast of California with the loss of about six lives. Some of her survivors reached shore, while others were rescued at sea by the steamer Eureka (flag unknown).[17][18][19]

Unknown date

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Mascot  United States The sealing schooner was lost with all hands during a storm in the Sea of Japan.[16]
Matthew Turner  United States The sealing schooner was lost with all hands during a storm in the Sea of Japan.[16]

May

3 May

List of shipwrecks: 3 May 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Helen  United States The 27.82-ton, 45.6-foot (13.9 m) schooner lost her rudder, sprang a leak, and ran aground on the south-central coast of the Territory of Alaska near Yakutat Bay and Mount Saint Elias. Her crew of 14 survived. She later was salvaged.[20]

11 May

List of shipwrecks: 11 May 1894
ShipCountryDescription
James Allen  United States The 330-ton, 116.7-foot (35.6 m) whaling bark was wrecked on a rock in Seguam Pass on the east end of Amlia in the Aleutian Islands. One man stayed aboard James Allen and was lost. The rest of the crew abandoned ship in four lifeboats. One lifeboat carrying 15 crew members disappeared with the loss of all on board. Another, with eight men aboard, reached Atka Island, where the steamer Dora ( United States) picked up its occupants a week later. The other two lifeboats capsized with the loss of 10 men, but their survivors reached Umnak Island, where six more men died over the next two weeks. James Allen′s captain and five crewman then made a one-week voyage to Unalaska on Unalaska Island in a small boat, after which the captain returned to Unmnak Island aboard the revenue cutter USRC Bear United States Revenue-Marine) two days later to rescue the nine survivors left behind there.[21]

June

11 June

List of shipwrecks: 11 June 1894
ShipCountryDescription
87S  Regia Marina The torpedo boat sank in La Spezia Bay off La Spezia, Italy, after colliding with the training ship Terribile ( Regia Marina). She was refloated the next day.[22]

July

5 July

List of shipwrecks: 5 July 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Valkyrie II  United Kingdom Collided with yacht Santanita ( United Kingdom) and sank.

10 July

List of shipwrecks: 10 July 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Alice  United States The 13.2-ton, 34.5-foot (10.5 m) schooner-rigged vessel broke loose from her moorings and was washed ashore at Anchor Point, Territory of Alaska. Her crew of three survived, but she became a total loss.[23]

25 July

List of shipwrecks: 25 July 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Kowshing  United Kingdom First Sino-Japanese War, Kowshing incident: The steamer, carrying Chinese troops, was sunk by gunfire by the protected cruiser Naniwa ( Imperial Japanese Navy) in the Yellow Sea off Asan, Chungcheongnam-do, Korea, with the loss of around 800 lives.
Kwang-yi  Imperial Chinese Navy First Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Pungdo: The gunboat ran aground on rocks in the Yellow Sea off Asan, Chungcheongnam-do, Korea, during combat with Imperial Japanese Navy cruisers and was destroyed when her ammunition magazine exploded.

28 July

List of shipwrecks: 28 July 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Castor  Netherlands The passenger ship was in collision with the barque Ernst ( Germany) and sank in the English Channel 5 nautical miles (9.3 km) south south west of Folkestone, Kent, United Kingdom. All 28 people on board were rescued.[24]

29 July

List of shipwrecks: 29 July 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Glad Tidings  United States The schooner sank almost instantly with the loss of her entire crew of four when she collided with the whaleback steamer Pathfinder (flag unknown) in the Detroit River near Ecorse, Michigan.[25]

30 July

List of shipwrecks: 30 July 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Nicosia  Canada The barque ran aground and was wrecked on the south coast of Cape Sable Island, Nova Scotia. Her eighteen crew survived. She was on a voyage from Dublin, United Kingdom to Saint John, New Brunswick.[26]

Unknown date

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date in July 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Tarapaca  Chile The cargo ship was wrecked on the Chilean coast.[27]

August

1 August

List of shipwrecks: 1 August 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Grenadier  United Kingdom Collided with steamer August Korff in fog during early morning hours and sank within half an hour.[28]

4 August

List of shipwrecks: 4 August 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Reindeer  United States The 357.49-gross register ton, 119.7-foot (36.5 m) bark was forced ashore by wind and ice and wrecked without loss of life at Return Reef off Midway Island (70°27′N 148°47′W) off the Beaufort Sea coast of the Territory of Alaska.[29]

20 August

List of shipwrecks: 20 August 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Two Brothers  United States During a voyage in the Aleutian Islands from Unalaska to Atka with a cargo of 10 tons of ship's stores, the 10.27-ton 36.3-foot (11.1 m) schooner was wrecked on the southeast side of Constantine Bay (53°57′N 166°25′W) on Unalaska Island during a gale. Her entire crew of five survived.[30]

26 August

List of shipwrecks: 26 August 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Gertrude  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore and wrecked at Chesil Beach, Dorset.[31]

Unknown date

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date August 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Hibernia flag unknown The steamer sank with the loss of two crew members after colliding with the paddle steamer Prince of Wales ( Isle of Man). Prince of Wales rescued one survivor.

September

3 September

List of shipwrecks: 3 September 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Matchless  United Kingdom The pleasure yacht capsized in Morecambe Bay off northwestern England with the loss of 25 lives.

9 September

List of shipwrecks: 9 September 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Colonist  United Kingdom The coastal cargo steamer was wrecked on the Oyster Bank off Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia.

17 September

List of shipwrecks: 17 September 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Chaoyang  Imperial Chinese Navy First Sino-Japanese War: Battle of the Yalu River: The cruiser was beached and abandoned after suffering heavy damage in combat with the protected cruisers Akitsushima, Naniwa, Takachiho, and Yoshino (all  Imperial Japanese Navy) in the Yellow Sea off the mouth of the Yalu River. The Japanese destroyed her wreck with explosive charges the next day.
Chih Yuen  Imperial Chinese Navy First Sino-Japanese War: Battle of the Yalu River: The protected cruiser exploded and sank in the Yellow Sea off the mouth of the Yalu River with the loss of 245 lives during combat with Imperial Japanese Navy warships. Seven of her crew survived.
King Yuen  Imperial Chinese Navy First Sino-Japanese War: Battle of the Yalu River: The armored cruiser exploded, capsized, and sank in the Yellow Sea off the mouth of the Yalu River with the loss of 263 lives during combat with Imperial Japanese Navy warships. Seven of her crew survived.
Kuang Chia  Imperial Chinese Navy First Sino-Japanese War: Battle of the Yalu River: The dispatch vessel was badly damaged during combat with Imperial Japanese Navy warships in the Yellow Sea off the mouth of the Yalu River and was beached near Port Arthur, becoming a total loss.
Yangwei  Imperial Chinese Navy First Sino-Japanese War: Battle of the Yalu River: The cruiser suffered heavy damage in combat with the protected cruisers Akitsushima, Naniwa, Takachiho, and Yoshino (all  Imperial Japanese Navy) in the Yellow Sea off the mouth of the Yalu River, then sank after colliding with the armored cruiser King Yuen ( Imperial Chinese Navy).

18 September

List of shipwrecks: 18 September 1894
ShipCountryDescription
George N Wilcox  Germany The barque was wrecked near Ilio Point, Molokai, Hawaii after being caught by strong currents. Her crew survived. She was on a voyage from Middlesbrough, United Kingdom to Honolulu with coal, liquor and general cargo.[32]

26 September

List of shipwrecks: 26 September 1894
ShipCountryDescription
William Home  United States During a voyage from Manistique, Michigan, to Buffalo, New York, with a cargo of 579 tons of pig iron, under tow by the steamer F. R. Buell ( United States), the schooner heeled over and sank in Lake Michigan off Seul Choix Point on the coast of Michigan during a gale after her cargo shifted. Her crew of seven abandoned ship in a yawl, but six of them died when the yawl capsized. The lone survivor clung to the oveturned yawl and reached shore near Seul Choix Light.[33]

27 September

List of shipwrecks: 27 September 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Dorunda  United Kingdom The steamer struck rocks off the Burlings Lighthouse, Portugal and was beached.[34]

October

1 October

List of shipwrecks: 1 October 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Allegheny  United Kingdom The steamer collided with the tanker Caucase ( Belgium) in the Delaware River and sank. She later was raised, repaired, and returned to service.[10]

6 October

List of shipwrecks: 6 October 1894
ShipCountryDescription
George Jurgens  United States The vessel was cut in two in a collision with a foreign vessel in the Gulf of Mexico, between Cedar Key, Florida and Mobile, Alabama. Four crewmen killed.[11]

8 October

List of shipwrecks: 8 October 1894
ShipCountryDescription
David Mitchell  United States The fishing vessel sank in a storm. Seven crewmen killed.[11]
Mary Potter  United States The schooner was beached during a storm on Santa Rosa Island, Florida. Possibly refloated, repaired and returned to service.[35]
Sea Foam  United States The fishing vessel sank in a storm. Four crewmen killed.[36]

12 October

List of shipwrecks: 12 October 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Mist  United States After her anchor chains parted during a storm, the 17.87-net register ton, 50-foot (15.2 m) schooner drifted ashore and was dashed to pieces at or near Sitka, Territory of Alaska. Her crew of three survived.[3]

13 October

List of shipwrecks: 13 October 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Alva Bradley  United States During a voyage from Fairport, Ohio, to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, with a cargo of steel billets, the 649-gross register ton, 189-foot (58 m) schooner sank during a gale in northern Lake Michigan off the coast of Michigan between North Manitou Island and South Manitou Island. The six men and one woman aboard were rescued by a United States Life-Saving Service crew from North Manitou Island.[37]

24 October

List of shipwrecks: 24 October 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Vennerne  Norway The barque was driven ashore at Worms Head, Glamorgan, United Kingdom and was wrecked. All ten people on board survived.[12]
Wairarapa New Zealand

The passenger steamer was on a voyage from Auckland, New Zealand, to Australia when she hit a reef at the northern edge of Great Barrier Island, about 100 kilometres (54 nmi) from Auckland, and sank with the loss of about 140 lives. It remains one of the deadliest maritime disasters in New Zealand's history.

25 October

List of shipwrecks: 25 October 1894
ShipCountryDescription
George R. White  United States After her captain mailed a letter from Unalaska, Territory of Alaska, dated 25 October expressing his intention to follow the seal herds south to the tropics in the fall of 1894 and then back north in the spring of 1895, the 37.6-gross register ton, 61.2-foot (18.7 m) sealing schooner and her 15-man crew were never heard from again.[38]

November

23 November

List of shipwrecks: 23 November 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Ozama  United States The cargo steamer ran aground on the outer shoal off Cape Romain, South Carolina, then floated off and sank.

December

17 December

List of shipwrecks: 17 December 1894
ShipCountryDescription
117S  Regia Marina The torpedo boat was lost in the Adriatic Sea near Brindisi, Italy.[22]

22 December

List of shipwrecks: 22 December 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Abana  Norway

The barque was wrecked at Blackpool. Her entire crew of 17 and a dog were saved.

Petrel  United Kingdom The fishing boat was driven ashore at Blackpool.
Stanley  Norway The schooner was wrecked at Borbjerg.[10]

Unknown date

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date December 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Inishtrahull  United Kingdom The passenger-cargo ship foundered during a storm in the Atlantic Ocean off the west coast of Ireland sometime between 28 and 30 December.
Victoria Nyanza  United Kingdom The barque was wrecked at Iquique, Chile.[39]

Unknown date

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date 1894
ShipCountryDescription
Abraham Barker  United States The 361-ton whaling bark was wrecked on the Koryak Coast of the Kamchatka Peninsula in Siberia, 40 nautical miles (74 km; 46 mi) south of Cape Navarin.[23]
Dunottar Castle  United Kingdom The passenger steamer grounded for two tides near the Eddystone Lighthouse south of Rame Head, England. She refloated, repaired, and returned to service.
Mary H. Thomas  United States The 94-ton trading schooner was lost in the Bering Sea.[3]

References

  1. "50 Human Lives Swallowed Up in Angry Seas Outside of Cape Cod, Storm-Beaten Coast a Graveyard Since Dec 5th". The Boston Journal. 14 April 1894.
  2. "Worrall". The Yard. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  3. alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (M)
  4. "Afon Cefni Wreck". Evening Express. 13 October 1894. Retrieved 13 April 2019 via The National Library of Wales.
  5. "Afon Cefni (1099392)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  6. Lane, Anthony (2009). Shipwrecks of Kent. Stroud: The History Press. p. 59. ISBN 978-0-7524-1720-2.
  7. Ogley, Bob; Currie, Ian; Davison, Mark (1991). The Kent Weather Book. Brasted Chart: Froglets Publications Ltd. p. 19. ISBN 1-872337-35-X.
  8. "Belgian Merchant H-O" (PDF). Belgische Koopvaardij. Retrieved 31 October 2010.
  9. alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (U)
  10. "Belgian Merchant A-G" (PDF). Belgische Koopvaardij. Retrieved 1 October 2010.
  11. Singer, Stephen D. (1998) [1992]. Shipwrecks of Florida: A Comprehensive Listing (Second ed.). Sarasota, Florida: Pineapple Press. p. 33. ISBN 1-56164-163-4.
  12. Tovey, Ron. "A Chronology of Bristol Channel Shipwrecks" (PDF). Swansea Docks. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 December 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  13. "Fourteen Sailors Lost Overboard: Further News of the Wreck of the Rudolph and the Carter". The Philadelphia Inquirer. 14 April 1894.
  14. "A Deserted Vessel. The Entire Crew of the Jennie M. Carter Supposed to be Lost". Wheeling Register. 14 April 1894.
  15. “The Jennie M. Carter. Three Thousand People Visit the Wreck, Crew Yet be Heard From,” Boston Journal, 14 April 1894.
  16. Anonymous, "Lost At Sea," San Francisco Morning Call, July 2, 1894. Retrieved November 26, 2018
  17. "Wreck of the Los Angeles" Detroit Free Press, p. 1, 1894-04-23 (paysite).
  18. "Blamed for Loss of the Los Angeles", The New York Times, 1894-04-25.
  19. "Pacific Coast Steamer Wrecked", The New York Times, 1894-04-23.
  20. alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (H)
  21. alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (J)
  22. Chesneau, Roger, and Eugene M. Kolesnik, Conway′s All the World′s Fighting Ships, 1860-1905, New York: Mayflower Books, 1979, ISBN 0-8317-0302-4, p. 358.].
  23. alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (A)
  24. R. Cross (1996). "The wreck of the S.S. Castor (1870-1984) and the recovery of part of the ship's cargo" (PDF). Archaeologia Cantiana. Kent Archaeological Society. 116: 183–202.
  25. gendisasters.com Detroit River, MI Schooner GLAD TIDINGS Sunk, July 1894
  26. "Nicosia - 1894". Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
  27. "Venetian". The Yard. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  28. London Standard. 1894-08-02. p. 3. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  29. alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (R)
  30. alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (T)
  31. "Historical List of Shipwrecks at Chesil Beach & from Bridport to Lyme Regis". Burton Bradstock Online. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
  32. Soboleski, Hank (27 July 2014). "The wreck of the bark "George N. Wilcox"". The Garden Island. Lihue, Hawaii. Archived from the original on 2016-04-01. Retrieved 17 November 2015.
  33. Maritime History of the Great Lakes: William Home (Schooner), sunk, 1894
  34. "(No. 5012) ("DORUNDA S. S.")" (PDF). Board of Trade / Plimsoll ship data. Retrieved 7 October 2010.
  35. Singer, Stephen D. (1998) [1992]. Shipwrecks of Florida: A Comprehensive Listing (Second ed.). Sarasota, Florida: Pineapple Press. p. 34. ISBN 1-56164-163-4.
  36. Singer, Stephen D. (1998) [1992]. Shipwrecks of Florida: A Comprehensive Listing (Second ed.). Sarasota, Florida: Pineapple Press. pp. 33–34. ISBN 1-56164-163-4.
  37. wrecksite.eu Alva Bradley (+1894)
  38. alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (G)
  39. "Victoria Nyanza". The Yard. Retrieved 18 February 2017.

See also

Ship events in 1894
Ship launches: 1889 1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899
Ship commissionings: 1889 1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899
Ship decommissionings: 1889 1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899
Shipwrecks: 1889 1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899
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