List of shipwrecks in 1894
According to the American newspapers of 1894, the winter and spring storms of December 1893 to April 1894 proved to be one of the most disastrous for the United States, particularly the Cape Cod area, since 1860. The eastern seaboard of the continent had already faced a fierce hurricane season in 1893 when over 2,000 lives were lost.
|Else||The barque capsized and sank in the Atlantic Ocean 600 nautical miles (1,100 km) south west of The Lizard, Cornwall, United Kingdom. Her crew were rescued by Castle Rock (|
|Afon Cefni||The four-masted barque was last seen off Lundy, UK on 5 January while on voyage from Swansea to San Francisco. From 20 January to 5 February, wreckage from the ship washed up on the Cornish and Sussex coasts.|
|Firth of Cromarty||Full rigged ship grounded in St Margaret's Bay with the loss of two lives.|
|Undaunted||The 68.18-gross register ton, 61-foot (19 m) sealing schooner was crushed by ice at Kayak Island on the coast of the Territory of Alaska at a position described in the wreck report as "60 08 12 N south end of Kayak Island Cove ESE." The entire crew of 15 escaped onto an ice floe and survived on it for 28 days before setting off in a small boat built from Undaunted's wreckage and making it to Port Etches in Prince William Sound, where the steamer Kodiak (|
|S A Rudolph||Three-masted schooner loaded with ice blocks bound for Ocean City, Maryland from Boothbay, Maine. Captained by John P Burns of Camden, New Jersey. The ship was caught in a sudden gale on the night of 12 April and floundered on the shoals of Cape Cod. The fractured hull of the ship washed up north of Nauset Beach. All six crew members perished including Captain Burns and his brothers on board the vessel.|
|Jennie M Carter||Three-masted schooner carrying paving stones bound for New York Bay. The ship was first damaged on 10 April 1894, ship owner and captain Wesley T Ober decided that he could pilot the crippled ship and dock safely, denying aid. However, they were overtaken by the storm of 12 April. The survivors attempted to abandon the schooner in a lifeboat but did not reach land. The ship, meanwhile, had been driven by the storm onto Salisbury Beach, Massachusetts.
|Los Angeles||With 70 passengers and crew aboard, the steamer was wrecked on a rock in the Pacific Ocean off Point Sur on the coast of California with the loss of about six lives. Some of her survivors reached shore, while others were rescued at sea by the steamer Eureka (flag unknown).|
|Helen||The 27.82-ton, 45.6-foot (13.9 m) schooner lost her rudder, sprang a leak, and ran aground on the south-central coast of the Territory of Alaska near Yakutat Bay and Mount Saint Elias. Her crew of 14 survived. She later was salvaged.|
|James Allen||The 330-ton, 116.7-foot (35.6 m) whaling bark was wrecked on a rock in Seguam Pass on the east end of Amlia in the Aleutian Islands. One man stayed aboard James Allen and was lost. The rest of the crew abandoned ship in four lifeboats. One lifeboat carrying 15 crew members disappeared with the loss of all on board. Another, with eight men aboard, reached Atka Island, where the steamer Dora (|
|Kowshing||First Sino-Japanese War, Kowshing incident: The steamer, carrying Chinese troops, was sunk by gunfire by the protected cruiser Naniwa (|
|Kwang-yi||First Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Pungdo: The gunboat ran aground on rocks in the Yellow Sea off Asan, Chungcheongnam-do, Korea, during combat with Imperial Japanese Navy cruisers and was destroyed when her ammunition magazine exploded.|
|Tarapaca||The cargo ship was wrecked on the Chilean coast.|
|Grenadier||Collided with steamer August Korff in fog during early morning hours and sank within half an hour.|
|Reindeer||The 357.49-gross register ton, 119.7-foot (36.5 m) bark was forced ashore by wind and ice and wrecked without loss of life at Return Reef off Midway Island (70°27′N 148°47′W) off the Beaufort Sea coast of the Territory of Alaska.|
|Two Brothers||During a voyage in the Aleutian Islands from Unalaska to Atka with a cargo of 10 tons of ship's stores, the 10.27-ton 36.3-foot (11.1 m) schooner was wrecked on the southeast side of Constantine Bay (53°57′N 166°25′W) on Unalaska Island during a gale. Her entire crew of five survived.|
|Chaoyang||First Sino-Japanese War: Battle of the Yalu River: The cruiser was beached and abandoned after suffering heavy damage in combat with the protected cruisers Akitsushima, Naniwa, Takachiho, and Yoshino (all |
|Chih Yuen||First Sino-Japanese War: Battle of the Yalu River: The protected cruiser exploded and sank in the Yellow Sea off the mouth of the Yalu River with the loss of 245 lives during combat with Imperial Japanese Navy warships. Seven of her crew survived.|
|King Yuen||First Sino-Japanese War: Battle of the Yalu River: The armored cruiser exploded, capsized, and sank in the Yellow Sea off the mouth of the Yalu River with the loss of 263 lives during combat with Imperial Japanese Navy warships. Seven of her crew survived.|
|Kuang Chia||First Sino-Japanese War: Battle of the Yalu River: The dispatch vessel was badly damaged during combat with Imperial Japanese Navy warships in the Yellow Sea off the mouth of the Yalu River and was beached near Port Arthur, becoming a total loss.|
|Yangwei||First Sino-Japanese War: Battle of the Yalu River: The cruiser suffered heavy damage in combat with the protected cruisers Akitsushima, Naniwa, Takachiho, and Yoshino (all |
|George N Wilcox||The barque was wrecked near Ilio Point, Molokai, Hawaii after being caught by strong currents. Her crew survived. She was on a voyage from Middlesbrough, United Kingdom to Honolulu with coal, liquor and general cargo.|
|William Home||During a voyage from Manistique, Michigan, to Buffalo, New York, with a cargo of 579 tons of pig iron, under tow by the steamer F. R. Buell (|
|David Mitchell||The fishing vessel sank in a storm. Seven crewmen killed.|
|Mary Potter||The schooner was beached during a storm on Santa Rosa Island, Florida. Possibly refloated, repaired and returned to service.|
|Sea Foam||The fishing vessel sank in a storm. Four crewmen killed.|
|Alva Bradley||During a voyage from Fairport, Ohio, to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, with a cargo of steel billets, the 649-gross register ton, 189-foot (58 m) schooner sank during a gale in northern Lake Michigan off the coast of Michigan between North Manitou Island and South Manitou Island. The six men and one woman aboard were rescued by a United States Life-Saving Service crew from North Manitou Island.|
|Vennerne||The barque was driven ashore at Worms Head, Glamorgan, United Kingdom and was wrecked. All ten people on board survived.|
The passenger steamer was on a voyage from Auckland, New Zealand, to Australia when she hit a reef at the northern edge of Great Barrier Island, about 100 kilometres (54 nmi) from Auckland, and sank with the loss of about 140 lives. It remains one of the deadliest maritime disasters in New Zealand's history.
|George R. White||After her captain mailed a letter from Unalaska, Territory of Alaska, dated 25 October expressing his intention to follow the seal herds south to the tropics in the fall of 1894 and then back north in the spring of 1895, the 37.6-gross register ton, 61.2-foot (18.7 m) sealing schooner and her 15-man crew were never heard from again.|
|Inishtrahull||The passenger-cargo ship foundered during a storm in the Atlantic Ocean off the west coast of Ireland sometime between 28 and 30 December.|
|Victoria Nyanza||The barque was wrecked at Iquique, Chile.|
|Abraham Barker||The 361-ton whaling bark was wrecked on the Koryak Coast of the Kamchatka Peninsula in Siberia, 40 nautical miles (74 km; 46 mi) south of Cape Navarin.|
|Dunottar Castle||The passenger steamer grounded for two tides near the Eddystone Lighthouse south of Rame Head, England. She refloated, repaired, and returned to service.|
|Mary H. Thomas||The 94-ton trading schooner was lost in the Bering Sea.|
- "50 Human Lives Swallowed Up in Angry Seas Outside of Cape Cod, Storm-Beaten Coast a Graveyard Since Dec 5th". The Boston Journal. 14 April 1894.
- "Worrall". The Yard. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
- alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (M)
- "Afon Cefni Wreck". Evening Express. 13 October 1894. Retrieved 13 April 2019 – via The National Library of Wales.
- "Afon Cefni (1099392)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
- Lane, Anthony (2009). Shipwrecks of Kent. Stroud: The History Press. p. 59. ISBN 978-0-7524-1720-2.
- Ogley, Bob; Currie, Ian; Davison, Mark (1991). The Kent Weather Book. Brasted Chart: Froglets Publications Ltd. p. 19. ISBN 1-872337-35-X.
- "Belgian Merchant H-O" (PDF). Belgische Koopvaardij. Retrieved 31 October 2010.
- alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (U)
- "Belgian Merchant A-G" (PDF). Belgische Koopvaardij. Retrieved 1 October 2010.
- Singer, Stephen D. (1998) . Shipwrecks of Florida: A Comprehensive Listing (Second ed.). Sarasota, Florida: Pineapple Press. p. 33. ISBN 1-56164-163-4.
- Tovey, Ron. "A Chronology of Bristol Channel Shipwrecks" (PDF). Swansea Docks. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 December 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
- "Fourteen Sailors Lost Overboard: Further News of the Wreck of the Rudolph and the Carter". The Philadelphia Inquirer. 14 April 1894.
- "A Deserted Vessel. The Entire Crew of the Jennie M. Carter Supposed to be Lost". Wheeling Register. 14 April 1894.
- “The Jennie M. Carter. Three Thousand People Visit the Wreck, Crew Yet be Heard From,” Boston Journal, 14 April 1894.
- Anonymous, "Lost At Sea," San Francisco Morning Call, July 2, 1894. Retrieved November 26, 2018
- "Wreck of the Los Angeles" Detroit Free Press, p. 1, 1894-04-23 (paysite).
- "Blamed for Loss of the Los Angeles", The New York Times, 1894-04-25.
- "Pacific Coast Steamer Wrecked", The New York Times, 1894-04-23.
- alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (H)
- alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (J)
- Chesneau, Roger, and Eugene M. Kolesnik, Conway′s All the World′s Fighting Ships, 1860-1905, New York: Mayflower Books, 1979, ISBN 0-8317-0302-4, p. 358.].
- alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (A)
- R. Cross (1996). "The wreck of the S.S. Castor (1870-1984) and the recovery of part of the ship's cargo" (PDF). Archaeologia Cantiana. Kent Archaeological Society. 116: 183–202.
- gendisasters.com Detroit River, MI Schooner GLAD TIDINGS Sunk, July 1894
- "Nicosia - 1894". Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
- "Venetian". The Yard. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
- London Standard. 1894-08-02. p. 3. Missing or empty
- alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (R)
- alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (T)
- "Historical List of Shipwrecks at Chesil Beach & from Bridport to Lyme Regis". Burton Bradstock Online. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
- Soboleski, Hank (27 July 2014). "The wreck of the bark "George N. Wilcox"". The Garden Island. Lihue, Hawaii. Archived from the original on 2016-04-01. Retrieved 17 November 2015.
- Maritime History of the Great Lakes: William Home (Schooner), sunk, 1894
- "(No. 5012) ("DORUNDA S. S.")" (PDF). Board of Trade / Plimsoll ship data. Retrieved 7 October 2010.
- Singer, Stephen D. (1998) . Shipwrecks of Florida: A Comprehensive Listing (Second ed.). Sarasota, Florida: Pineapple Press. p. 34. ISBN 1-56164-163-4.
- Singer, Stephen D. (1998) . Shipwrecks of Florida: A Comprehensive Listing (Second ed.). Sarasota, Florida: Pineapple Press. pp. 33–34. ISBN 1-56164-163-4.
- wrecksite.eu Alva Bradley (+1894)
- alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (G)
- "Victoria Nyanza". The Yard. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
|Ship events in 1894|