List of sailing frigates of the United States Navy
The sailing frigates of the United States built from 1797 on were unique in that their framing was made of American live oak, a particularly hardy genus that made very resilient hulls; as a result of this, the ships were known to withstand damage that would have scuppered frigates of other nations. American frigates were also very heavily armed; the USN's 44s carried 24-pound cannon as opposed to the 18-pounders usual in frigates, and like most ships of the period carried more than their nominal rate, 56 guns or more. On the other hand, the USN classed ships with 20 to 26 guns as "third-class frigates", whereas the Royal Navy did not.
Congress authorized 3 Frigates of 18, 13 Frigates of 12 ( 5 of 32, 5 of 28 and 3 of 24)
|Name||Class||Rate||Dates of Service||Fate|
|Alliance||Alliance-class||36||1778–1785||abandoned near Philadelphia|
|Bonhomme Richard||Massiac-class||42||1779–1779||sank after taking Serapis|
|Boston||Boston-class||24||1777–1780||captured by the British|
|Bricole||36||1764||build in France, Le Havre|
|Confederacy||Alliance-class||36||1778–1781||captured by the British|
|Congress (II)||28||1776–1777||never completed|
|Deane||24||1778–1783||build in France,Nantes|
|Delaware||24||1776–1777||captured by the British|
|Fox||Enterprise-class||28||7 June 1777-8 July 1777||captured by Hancock and Boston in June 1777, recaptured by HMS Flora|
|Hancock||Hancock-class||32||1776–1777||captured by the British|
|Montgomery||24||1776–1777||destroyed to prevent capture, Hudson River|
|Protector||26||1779–1781||captured become Hms Hussar 1781 20 guns 586 tons|
|Providence||Providence-class||28||1776–1780||captured by the British, Charleston, South Carolina|
|Queen of France||28||1777–1780||sunk to avoid capture by the British|
|Raleigh||Hancock-class||32||1776–1778||captured by the British, Matinicus Isle, Maine|
|Randolph||Randolph-class||32||1776–1778||exploded in battle|
|Serapis||Roebuck-class||44||1779–1781||transferred to the French|
|South Carolina||40||1777–1782||build in Holland, biggest war-ship|
|Truite||26||1779–1780||build in France, Le Havre|
|Trumbull||Providence-class||28||1776–1781||captured by the British|
|Virginia||28||1776–1778||captured by the British|
|Warren||Randolph-class||32||1776–1779||destroyed to prevent capture, Penobscot Expedition|
|Washington||Randolph-class||32||1776–1777||destroyed to prevent capture, Philadelphia|
United States Navy
|Name||Type||Rate||Class||Dates of Service||Fate|
|Adams||2nd class||28||1799–1814||scuttled and burned to prevent capture|
|Boston||2nd class||28||1799–1814||burned to prevent capture|
|Brandywine||1st class||50||Potomac-class||1825–1864||destroyed by fire|
|Chesapeake||2nd class||36||1800–1813||captured by the British|
|Columbia||1st class||44||Guerriere-class||1813–1814||burned on the stocks to prevent capture|
|Columbia||1st class||50||Potomac-class||1838–1861||scuttled and burned to prevent capture|
|Congress||2nd class||36 (38)||Constellation-class||1799–1834||broken up|
|Congress||1st class||52||1841–1862||burned and sank after action with CSS Virginia|
|Constellation||2nd class||36 (38)||Constellation-class||1797–1853||broken up|
|Constitution||1st class||44||United States-class||1797 to date||remains in commission|
|Cumberland||1st class||50||Potomac-class||1842–1855||converted to sloop 1855|
sunk by CSS Virginia 1862
|Cyane||3rd class||22||Banterer-class||1815–1836||broken up|
|Essex||2nd class||32||1799–1814||captured by the British|
|General Greene||2nd class||30||1799–1805||hulked; destroyed by fire 1814|
|George Washington||3rd class||24||1798–1802||sold|
|Guerriere||1st class||44||Guerriere-class||1814–1841||broken up|
|Hudson||1st class||44||1828–1844||broken up|
|Independence||1st class||54||1836–1912||Built 1814 as a 90-gun ship of the line, razeed 1836, scrapped 1915 at San Francisco|
|Insurgent||2nd class||32||Sémillante-class||1799–1800||lost at sea|
|Java||1st class||44||Guerriere-class||1814–1842||broken up, Norfolk, Virginia|
|John Adams||2nd class||28||1799–1867||razeed to 20-gun corvette 1807; rebuilt as 24-gun frigate 1812|
|Macedonian||2nd class||38||Lively-class||1812–1828||broken up, Norfolk, Virginia|
|Macedonian||2nd class||36||1836–1852||razeed to sloop-of war, 1852|
|New York||2nd class||36||1800–1814||burned by the British|
|Philadelphia||1st class||44 (36)||1799–1804||captured by Tripoli|
boarded and burned by Stephen Decatur
|Plattsburg||1st class||1814–1825||sold on ways|
|President||1st class||44||United States-class||1800–1815||captured by the British|
|Raritan||1st class||50||Potomac-class||1843–1861||destroyed to prevent capture|
|Santee||1st class||52||Sabine-class||1855–1912||sank at moorings|
|Savannah||1st class||50||Potomac-class||1844–1857||converted to sloop 1857|
|St. Lawrence||1st class||50||Potomac-class||1848–1875||sold|
|United States||1st class||44||United States-class||1797–1861|
|broken up for scrap|
Ten additional ships of the Potomac class were appropriated, but never built.
- Chapelle, Howard Irving. The History of the American Sailing Navy; The Ships and Their Development. New York: Norton, 1949.
- Retrieved from "List of sloops of war of the United States Navy"
- Nominal rating; actual armament was generally greater
- Silverstone, Paul H. (2001). The Sailing Navy, 1775–1854. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1-55750-893-5.
- Bauer, Karl Jack; Roberts, Stephen S. (1991). Register of ships of the U.S. Navy, 1775–1990. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-313-26202-9.
- Boudroit, Jean; Roberts, David H. (1987). John Paul Jones and the Bonhomme Richard: A Reconstruction of the Ship and an Account of the Battle With H.M.S. Serapis. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-0-87021-892-7.
- Griffis, William Elliot (2009). Matthew Calbraith Perry: A Typical American Naval Officer. BiblioLife. ISBN 978-1-103-04626-3.
- New York Journal of Commerce (19 December). December 1832. Missing or empty
- Laid down as Susquehanna
- Bauer, K. Jack (1991). Register of Ships of the US Navy, 1775–1990: Major Combatants. Greenwood Press. ISBN 978-0-313-26202-9.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.
- Canny, Donald L. (2001). Sailing Warships of the US Navy. US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1-55750-990-1.
- This article includes information collected from the Naval Vessel Register, which, as a U.S. government publication, is in the public domain.
- Register of the Commissioned and Warrant Officers of the Navy of the United States, including Officers of the Marine Corps, and other, for the Year 1852.
- ex-HMS Cyane, captured by Constitution 1815
- Purchased merchant ship
- Brownell, Henry Howard (1863). North and South America Illustrated: The English in America. Hollbert, Williams, & Company.
- Williams, Edwin (1836). The New-York Annual Register for the Year of Our Lord 1836. Edwin Williams.
- ex-L'Insurgente, captured by Constellation 1799
- De Kay, James Tertius (2000). Chronicles of the Frigate Macedonian, 1809–1922. W. W. Norton & Co. ISBN 978-0-393-32024-4.
- ex-HMS Macedonian, captured by United States 1812
- McKee, Christopher (1996). Edward Preble: A Naval Biography. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1-55750-583-5.
- re-rated 1803