List of rulers of Oman

The Sultan of the Sultanate of Oman is the monarch and head of state of Oman. It is the most powerful position in the country. The sultans of Oman are members of the Al Said dynasty, which is the ruling family of Oman since the mid-18th century.

Sultan of Oman
سلطان عمان
since 23 July 1970
StyleHis Majesty
Heir apparentNone currently designated
First monarchAl-Julanda bin Mas'ood (imamate)
Ahmad bin Said (Al Bu Said dynasty)
Formation751 (imamate)
1744 (Al Said Dynasty)
ResidenceSeveral palaces
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Since 23 July 1970, Qaboos bin Said al Said is the current sultan.

List of Imams (751–1406)

Imams Tribe Residence Began to reign Reference
Transliteration of the Arab names Names in Arab script
Al-Julanda bin Mas'ood الجلندى بن مسعود Azd ? 751 [1]
Mohammed bin Abi Affan محمد بن أبي عفان Azd Nizwa ? [2]
Al-Warith bin Ka'ab الوارث بن كعب Yahmad Nizwa 801 [3]
Ghassan bin Abdullah غسان بن عبد الله Yahmad Nizwa 807 [4]
Abdulmalik bin Humaid عبد المالك بن حميد Azd ? 824 [5]
Al-Muhanna bin Jayfar المهنا بن جيفر Yahmad Nizwa 840 [6]
Al-Salt bin Malik الصلت بن مالك Azd ? 851 [7]
Rashid bin Al-Nadhar راشد بن النظر ? ? 886 [8]
Azzan bin Tamim عزان بن تميم ? Nizwa 890 [9]
Mohammed bin Al-Hassan محمد بن الحسن Azd ? 897 [10]
Azzan bin Al-Hazbar عزان بن الهزبر Yahmad ? 898 [11]
Abdullah bin Mohammed عبد الله بن محمد ? ? 899 [12]
Al-Salt bin Al-Qasim الصلت بن القاسم ? ? 900 [13]
Al-Husn bin Said الحسن بن سعيد ? ? 900 [14]
Al-Hawari bin Matraf الحواري بن مطرف ? ? 904 [15]
Omar bin Mohammed عمر بن محمد ? ? 912 [16]
Mohammed bin Yazid محمد بن يزيد Kinda ? ? [17]
Al-Hakm bin Al-Milaa Al-Bahri الحكم بن الملا البحري ? Nizwa ? [18]
Said bin Abdullah سعيد بن عبد الله ? ? 939 [19]
Rashid bin Waleed راشد بن الوليد ? Nizwa ? [20]
Al-Khalil bin Shadhan الخليل بن شاذان ? ? 1002 [21]
Rashid bin Said راشد بن سعيد ? ? 1032 [22]
Hafs bin Rashid حفص بن راشد ? ? 1068 [23]
Rashid bin Ali راشد بن علي ? ? 1054 [24]
Musa bin Jabir ابن جابر موسى ? Nizwa 1154 [25]
Salim bin Rashid Al Kharusi Azdi, Yamani, Qahtani ? 1331 - 1338 [26]
Malik bin Aly مالك بن علي ? ? 1406 [27]

List of Imams (1406–1749)

Nabhani dynasty (1406–1624)

Name Portrait Reign start Reign end Notes
Makhzum bin al Fallah14061435
Abul Hassan of Oman14351451
Omar bin al Khattab14511490
Omar al Sharif14901500
Muhammad bin Ismail15001529Portuguese protectorate imposed on 15 April 1515.
Barakat bin Muhammad15291560
Abdulla bin Muhammad15601624

Yaruba dynasty (1624–1749)

Name Portrait Reign start Reign end Notes
Nasir bin Murshid16241649
Sultan bin Saif16491679Portuguese protectorate ended with their expulsion on 1 January 1650.
Bil'arab bin Sultan16791692
Saif bin Sultan16921711
Sultan bin Saif II17111718
Saif bin Sultan II17181719
Muhanna bin Sultan17191720
Saif bin Sultan II17201722Second reign
Ya'arab bin Bel'arab17221722
Saif bin Sultan II17221724Third reign
Muhammad bin Nasir17241728Not a member of the dynasty
Saif bin Sultan II17281742Fourth reign; at first in the coastal area only
Bal'arab bin Himyar17281737First reign; in the interior
Sultan bin Murshid17421743
Bal'arab bin Himyar17431749Second reign; in the interior

List of Sultans

Al Said dynasty (1749–present)

Name Portrait Reign start Reign end Notes
Ahmad bin Said al-Busaidi10 June 174915 December 1783From 1744 in the coastal region
Said bin Ahmad15 December 17831784Last direct male descendant of Al Bu Said to hold the office of Imam. He abdicated secular power to his son Hamad and retired to Al-Rustaq where he died in 1803.[28]
Hamad bin Said178413 March 1792
Sultan bin Ahmad13 March 179220 November 1804
Salim bin Sultan20 November 180414 September 1806Co-Rulers
Said bin Sultan
Said II bin Sultan14 September 180619 October 1856Sole Ruler
Thuwaini bin Said19 October 185611 February 1866Killed
Salim II bin Thuwaini11 February 18663 October 1868Deposed
Azzan bin Qais3 October 186830 January 1871Killed
Turki bin Said30 January 18714 June 1888
Faisal bin Turki4 June 18889 October 1913British protectorate imposed on 20 March 1891.[29][30]
Taimur bin Feisal9 October 191310 February 1932Abdicated
Said III bin Taimur10 February 193223 July 1970Deposed
Qaboos bin Said23 July 1970IncumbentBritish protectorate ended on 2 December 1971.


Unlike the heads of other Arab states of the Persian Gulf, Qaboos has not publicly named an heir. Article 6 of the constitution says the royal family should choose a new sultan within three days of the position falling vacant. If the royal family council fails to agree, a letter containing a name penned by Sultan Qaboos should be opened in the presence of a defence council of military and security officials, supreme court chiefs, and heads of the two quasi-parliamentary advisory assemblies.[31] Analysts see the rules as an elaborate means of Sultan Qaboos securing his choice for successor without causing controversy by making it public during his lifetime, since it is considered unlikely that the royal family would be able to agree on a successor on its own.[31]

Qaboos has no children; there are other male members of the Omani royal family including several paternal uncles and their families. Using same-generation primogeniture, the successor to Qaboos would appear to be the children of his late uncle, Sayyid Tariq bin Taimur Al Said, Oman's first prime minister before the sultan took over the position himself (and his former father-in-law).[32] Oman watchers believe the top contenders to succeed Qaboos are three of Tariq's sons: Assad bin Tariq Al Said, the personal representative of the Sultan; Shihab bin Tariq, a retired naval commander; and Haitham bin Tariq Al Said, the Minister of Heritage and National Culture.[31][33] First Deputy Prime Minister Fahd bin Mahmud al-Said, a distant cousin of the Sultan, and Taimur bin Assad, the son of Assad bin Tariq, are also mentioned as potential candidates.[31]

Standard of the Sultan

See also


  • "Oman's Rulers Through History (Pre-Islam – 12th Century AD)". Ministry of Information of the Sultanate of Oman. Archived from the original on 2011-06-22. Retrieved 2010-07-19.
  • "Oman's Rulers Through History (13th Century AD – 18th Century AD)". Ministry of Information of the Sultanate of Oman. Archived from the original on 2010-09-26. Retrieved 2010-07-19.
  • "The Al Bu Said Dynasty". Ministry of Information of the Sultanate of Oman. Archived from the original on 2010-05-12. Retrieved 2010-07-19.
  1. Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 7
  2. Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 9
  3. Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 10
  4. Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 12
  5. Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 15
  6. Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 16
  7. Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 19
  8. Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 19
  9. Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 20
  10. Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 25
  11. Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 25
  12. Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 26
  13. Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 26
  14. Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 26
  15. Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 26
  16. Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 27
  17. Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 28
  18. Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 29
  19. Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 29
  20. Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 30
  21. Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 35
  22. Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 35
  23. Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 35
  24. Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 35
  25. Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 36
  26. Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 36
  27. Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 36
  28. Rentz, George (1997) Oman and the south-eastern shore of Arabia Ithaca Press, Reading, Berkshire, United Kingdom : pages 204-205, ISBN 0-86372-199-0
  29. See Persian Gulf Residency
  30. Oman
  31. Dokoupil, Martin (24 May 2012). "Succession Question Fuels Uncertainty in Oman". Reuters. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
  32. HH Prince Sayyid Tarik bin Taimur al-Said Archived 1 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 14 July 2011.
  33. "The Question of Succession". Muscat Confidential. Retrieved 2 August 2012.


  • Buyers, Christopher. "Oman". The Royal Ark: Royal and Ruling Houses of Africa, Asia, Oceania and the Americas. Retrieved 2010-08-08.
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