List of rock formations

A rock formation is an isolated, scenic, or spectacular surface rock outcrop. Rock formations are usually the result of weathering and erosion sculpting the existing rock. The term 'rock formation' can also refer to specific sedimentary strata or other rock unit in stratigraphic and petrologic studies.

A rock structure can be created in any rock type or combination:

  • Igneous rocks are created when molten rock cools and solidifies, with or without crystallization. They may be either plutonic bodies or volcanic extrusives. Again, erosive forces sculpt their current forms.
  • Metamorphic rocks are created by rocks that have been transformed into another kind of rock, usually by some combination of heat, pressure and chemical alteration.
  • Sedimentary rocks are created by a variety of processes but usually involving deposition, grain by grain, layer by layer, in water or, in the case of terrestrial sediments, on land through the action of wind or sometimes moving ice. Erosion later exposes them in their current form.

Geologists have created a number of terms to describe different rock structures in the landscape that can be formed by natural processes:

  • Butte
  • Crag
  • Escarpment
  • Gorge
  • Inselberg, or monadnock, is a residual relief feature. It can be an isolated hill, a knob, ridge or small mountain that rises abruptly, like an island, from a gently sloping or virtually level surrounding plain. Inselberg is a German word that means "island mountain". Uluru/Ayers Rock in Australia is a noted example.
  • Mesa
  • Peak
  • Promontory is a prominent mass of land which overlooks lower lying land or a body of water.
  • River cliff
  • Sea cliff
  • Stack
  • Stone run
  • Tor

Here is a list of rock formations by continent.

Asia

Armenia

China

Jordan

India

Iran

  • Kuh-E-Namak, Iran
  • Elemite Rock, Fars, Iran
  • Mahneshan, Zanjan, Iran

Israel

Japan

Lebanon

Mongolia

Philippines

Thailand

Turkey

  • Paşabağı, Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Goreme National Park, Turkey
  • Narman Fairy Chimneys (aka the Land of the Red Fairies), Narman district of Eastern Anatolian province of Erzurum, Turkey

Yemen

Other countries

Africa

Algeria

  • Tamanrasset
  • Tassili Mountains

Angola

  • Iona, Tombwa
  • Pedras Negras de Pungo Andongo

Burkina Faso

  • Doumes de Fabedougou
  • Pic du Sindou

Cameroon

  • Kola Gorge

Egypt

  • Khaboba
  • Thebes
  • Esna shale
  • Nubian sandstone

Eritrea

  • Decemhare

Kenya

Libya

Madagascar

Malawi

  • Makuzi Beach, Chintheche yui

Mali

  • Massif des Aguilles de Garmi

Mauritania

Morocco

  • Siroua Mountains
  • Tafraoute

Namibia

  • Waterberg Plateau
  • Bogenfels
  • Vingerklip, Damaraland

Niger

  • Geuzzam

Nigeria

Seychelles

  • Anse Source d'Argent, La Digue

South Africa

Sudan

  • Burget Tuyur, Selima

Tunisia

  • Chebika Rock
  • Tamazrat

Zimbabwe

  • Domboshava Rocks
  • Maleme Dam, Matobos
  • Motombo Rock Formations

North America

United States of America

Canada

Caribbean

Mexico

Central America

South America

Argentina

Bolivia

  • Dali's Desert, Potosi
  • Valle de Las Rocas, Uyuni
  • Canon de Duene

Brazil

Chile

Colombia

Ecuador

Falkland Islands

Paraguay

Peru

Uruguay

  • La Piedra Pintada, Parque Congreso de Abril

Venezuela

Europe

Albania

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bulgaria

Croatia

Czech Republic

  • Teplice nad Metují
  • Medvědí Stezka (Bear's path), Šumava mountains, Klatovy
  • Vraní skála, Brdy
  • Suché skály, Turnov
  • Hruboskalsko

Denmark

Estonia

Finland

France

Georgia

Germany

Greece

Gibraltar

Bailiwick of Guernsey

Iceland

Ireland

Italy

Latvia

  • Vidzeme
  • Pusena Kalns, Bartava

North Macedonia

Malta

Isle of Man

Norway

Poland

Portugal

Romania

Russia

Serbia

Spain

Sweden

Switzerland

Slovakia

Ukraine

United Kingdom

Oceania

Australia

New Zealand

Other countries

See also

References

  1. "Olumo Rock - A Nigerian Tourist Destination". www.olumorock.com. Retrieved November 26, 2019.
  2. "Escalando el Gunko de Boquete" (in Spanish). El Chiricano. 2007-06-04.
  3. "Stânca Babacai (de aici incepe Clisura de sus)". wikimapia.org. Retrieved November 26, 2019.
  4. "Красноярские Столбы". www.stolby.ru. Retrieved November 26, 2019.
  5. The Djavolja Varos (Devil's Town) Natural Landmark, UNESCO World Heritage
  6. "Vodopad Prskalo" (in Serbian). FreeBiking.org.
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