List of regions of Japan
Japan is traditionally divided into eight regions. They are not official administrative units, but are used for regional division of Japan in a number of contexts. For instance, maps and geography textbooks divide Japan into the eight regions, weather reports usually give the weather by region, and many businesses and institutions use their home region as part of their name (Kinki Nippon Railway, Chūgoku Bank, Tōhoku University, etc.).
Each region groups several of the country's 47 prefectures, except for the region of Hokkaidō which corresponds to Hokkaidō Prefecture. Of the four main islands of Japan, three make up a region each while the largest island of Honshū is divided into five regions. Okinawa Prefecture is usually included in Kyūshū, but is sometimes treated as its own ninth Okinawa region.
While Japan has eight High Courts, their jurisdictions do not correspond to the eight traditional regions below. (See Judicial system of Japan for details).
|Region||Population||Area in km2||Prefectures contained|
|Tōhoku||8.91 million||67,000||Akita, Aomori, Fukushima, Iwate, Miyagi, Yamagata|
|Kantō||43.2 million||32,000||Chiba, Gunma, Ibaraki, Kanagawa, Saitama, Tochigi, Tōkyō|
|Chūbu||21.4 million||67,000||Aichi, Fukui, Gifu, Ishikawa, Nagano,|
Niigata, Shizuoka, Toyama, Yamanashi
known as Kinki)
|22.5 million||33,000||Hyōgo, Kyōto, Mie, Nara, Ōsaka, Shiga, Wakayama|
|Chūgoku||7.4 million||32,000||Hiroshima, Okayama, Shimane, Tottori, Yamaguchi|
|Shikoku||3.8 million||19,000||Ehime, Kagawa, Kōchi, Tokushima|
|Kyūshū||14.4 million||44,000||Fukuoka, Kagoshima, Kumamoto,|
Miyazaki, Nagasaki, Ōita, Okinawa, Saga
From northeast to southwest, the traditional regions are: As these regions correspond to four main islands and Okinawa Islands, the five are marked in bold.
- Hokkaidō (the island and its archipelago)
- Tōhoku region (northern part)
- Kantō region (eastern part)
- Chūbu region (central part)
- Kansai (or Kinki) region (west-central part)
- Chūgoku region (western part)
- Japan's Regional Megamarkets - Semantic Scholar (PDF)
- What special characteristics does Hokkaido have? from Kids Web Japan
- What special characteristics does the Tohoku region have? from Kids Web Japan
- What special characteristics does the Kanto region have? from Kids Web Japan
- What special characteristics does the Chubu region have? from Kids Web Japan
- What special characteristics does the Kinki region have? from Kids Web Japan
- What special characteristics does the Chugoku region have? from Kids Web Japan
- What special characteristics does the Shikoku region have? from Kids Web Japan
- What special characteristics does the Kyushu-Okinawa region have? from Kids Web Japan
- Regions of Japan on japan-guide.com
- Regions of Japan on web-japan.org