List of reefs

This is an incomplete list of notable reefs.


Name image Location Coordinates Notes
African coral reefs
Red Sea to Madagascar 0.051377°S 50.846055°E / -0.051377; 50.846055 Consists of numerous coral reefs, mostly along the east and south coast of Africa but also including some reefs at the northwestern part of africa. The reefs face multiple threats such as untreated sewage, industrial run-offs, pollutants, and sediment flowing from rivers. Also, the 1997/98 El Nino destroyed 90% of the coral.
Amazon Reef
Off the coast of French Guiana and northern Brazil 1°N 49°W The Amazon Reef (also referred to as the Amazonian Reef) is an extensive coral and sponge reef system, located off the coast of French Guiana and northern Brazil. It is one of the largest reef systems in the world known to exist, with scientists estimating its length to be over 600 miles (970 km) long, and covering over 3,600 square miles (9,300 km2) of area.[1]
Angria Bank
Off the coast of Vijaydurg, Maharashtra, India 16.43°N 72.03°E / 16.43; 72.03
Apo Reef Mindoro Strait, Philippines 12.66167°N 120.4144°E / 12.66167; 120.4144 This is the Philippines' largest reef and the world's second-largest contiguous coral reef system.
Arrecifes de Cozumel National Park
Cozumel, Mexico 20.1737°N 87.0129°W / 20.1737; -87.0129 Part of the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System
Bar Reef
Kalpitiya peninsula, Sri Lanka 8.2300°N 79.4400°E / 8.2300; 79.4400 This coral reef has more biodiversity than in any of the waters of India. It is one of only a few pristine systems in Sri Lanka.
Belize Barrier Reef Belize 17.1856°N 87.324°W / 17.1856; -87.324 This is the second biggest coral reef system on Earth, the largest being the Great Barrier Reef. It is an around 1/3 of the 900-km-long Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System.
Benares Shoals Peros Banhos atoll, northern Chagos Archipelago 5.15°S 071.40°E / -5.15; 071.40
Coral Triangle Mainly Indonesia 3.970166°N 134.819424°E / 3.970166; 134.819424 Called the "Amazon of the seas", this is a large area defined within a triangular area in the waters of Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste.
Daintree Reef
Coral Sea, Queensland, Australia 16.032856°S 145.434958°E / -16.032856; 145.434958 Named after geologist and photographer Richard Daintree, this system is adjacent to the Daintree Rainforest.
Darwin Mounds
Off the northwest coast of Scotland 59.45°N 7.13°W / 59.45; -7.13 Located around 1,000 m (3,280 feet) below the surface, this system consists of a big field of sand mounds.
Filippo Reef 450 km east of Starbuck Island in the Pacific Ocean 05.30°S 151.50°W / -05.30; -151.50
Flinders Reef
Off Moreton Island in the Coral Sea, Queensland, Australia 26°59′18″S 153°26′31.4″E
French Frigate Shoals Northwestern Hawaiian Islands 23.4456°N 166.846°W / 23.4456; -166.846 This is a 32-km-long, crescent-shaped reef maintained by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service as a field station within the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument.
Great Barrier Reef Coral Sea, Queensland, Australia[2] 18.1710°S 147.4200°E / -18.1710; 147.4200 Known as the largest in the world
Isla Pérez Gulf of Mexico 22.2340°N 89.4200°W / 22.2340; -89.4200
Kingman Reef North Pacific Ocean 6.23°N 162.25°W / 6.23; -162.25 Roughly triangular in shape
Lansdowne Bank Coral Sea 20.35°S 160.30°E / -20.35; 160.30 This is one of the biggest banks on Earth.
Lyra Reef
Papua New Guinea 1.45°S 153.20°E / -1.45; 153.20
Manuel Luis Reefs
Brazil 0.913302°S 44.319530°W / -0.913302; -44.319530 The largest coral reef of South America.[3]
Maro Reef Northwestern Hawaiian Islands 25.415°N 170.590°W / 25.415; -170.590 This reef is named after the ship Maro, captained by Captain Joseph Allen who discovered the reef in 1820.
Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System
From the Yucatán Peninsula to Honduras 18.343938°N 87.421764°W / 18.343938; -87.421764 Also known as the Great Mayan Reef or Great Maya Reef, this is a World Heritage Site.
Mexico Rocks
Ambergris Caye, Belize 18.05021°N 87.555174°W / 18.05021; -87.555174 This area consists mainly of boulder corals and comprises about 100 Holocene patch reefs in a cluster on a ridge made of Pleistocene limestone.
Miami Terrace Reef Florida, United States 25.45°N 79.55°W / 25.45; -79.55 This is a deep reef system that lies at 200 to 600 meters below sea level.
Minami-Tori-shima Japan 24.1712°N 153.5850°E / 24.1712; 153.5850
Minerva Reefs Fiji and Tonga 23.38°S 178.54°W / -23.38; -178.54
Miri-Sibuti Coral Reef National Park
Sarawak, Malaysia 4.19°N 113.51°E / 4.19; 113.51 This is a protected area and popular dive site.
New Caledonia Barrier Reef New Caledonia 20.2443°S 164.3359°E / -20.2443; 164.3359 This is a double-barrier coral reef, and the second-longest on Earth, the longest being the Belize Barrier Reef.
Ningaloo Coast
Western Australia 22.3345°S 113.4837°E / -22.3345; 113.4837 A World Heritage Site, this reef is noted for whale sharks.
North East Reef Western Australia 28.2513°S 113.4841°E / -28.2513; 113.4841
Osprey Reef Coral Sea, Australia 13°54′29″S 146°36′55″E
Palancar Reef
Cozumel, Mexico 20.296685°N 87.018439°W / 20.296685; -87.018439 A popular diving location, this is part of the Arrecifes de Cozumel National Park.
Qixingyan (Taiwan)
Pingtung County, Taiwan 21.453198°N 120.492894°E / 21.453198; 120.492894 This is a shallow system with parts being visible at low tide. Many shipwrecks have occurred here.
Reunion Island's coral reef Madagascar 21.0851°S 55.2214°E / -21.0851; 55.2214 Threatened in recent times by an increase in human exploitation as well as pollution
Røst Reef
Lofoten, Norway 67.483951°N 12.018849°E / 67.483951; 12.018849 This is the largest Lophelia reef known, and the biggest known deep-water coral reef system.
Scorpion Reef Yucatán, Mexico 22.2258°N 89.40578°W / 22.2258; -89.40578 This reef is part of the Campeche Bank archipeligo.
Sha`b Abu Nuhas
Northern Red Sea 27.567°N 33.917°E / 27.567; 33.917 Considered a hazard to ships, this is a popular diving site.
South Sentinel Island
Andaman Islands 10.5840°N 92.1318°E / 10.5840; 92.1318
Sula Reef
Sør-Trøndelag, Norway This reef is composed of Lophelia pertusa coral.
Tubbataha Reef
Sulu Sea 8.55°N 119.55°E / 8.55; 119.55 This reef system contains a very high density of different species and is designated a World Heritage Site.
Virgin Islands
Caribbean Sea 18.0°N 65.0°W / 18.0; -65.0 Scleractinian corals, Millepora.

See also


  1. Vidal, John (April 23, 2016). "Huge coral reef discovered at Amazon river mouth". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved April 23, 2016.
  2. "Definition of GREAT BARRIER REEF".
  3. Edison Lobão; Fernando César de Moreira Mesquita (11 June 1991), Decreto nº 11.902 de 11 de Junho de 1991 (PDF) (in Portuguese), State of Maranhão, retrieved 2016-08-03
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