List of public art in St James's

This is a list of public art in St James's, a district in the City of Westminster, London.

St James's lies to the north of St James's Park, a former hunting ground attached to St James's Palace.[1] The Mall, marking the northern boundary of the park, was transformed into a major thoroughfare in the 1900s by Aston Webb as part of the national memorial to Queen Victoria.[2] Its focal point looking west is the Victoria Memorial designed by Thomas Brock, one of several memorials set along its axis from the early 20th century onwards. To the east The Mall joins John Nash's processional route (which originally connected Carlton House to Regent's Park) at Carlton House Terrace.[3] The part of this route within St James's includes Waterloo Place, described as "one of the more dramatic pieces of town planning in London" and lined with statues and memorials mainly of a military character.[4] Elsewhere in the district, the Economist Plaza hosted changing displays of contemporary sculpture in the early 21st century; this programme came to an end in 2010 after running for over ten years.[5]

Image Title / subject Location and
coordinates
DateArtist / designerArchitect / other Type Designation Notes

More images
Statue of William III St James's Square

51°30′26″N 0°08′07″W
1807John Bacon, Jr.N/A Equestrian statue Grade I Very likely to a design of the sculptor's father John Bacon, Senior, dating to 1794. The design is probably inspired by John Michael Rysbrack's equestrian statue of William III in Queen Square, Bristol.[6]

More images
Pallas Athene Athenaeum Club, Waterloo Place 1828 c.1828Edward Hodges BailyDecimus Burton Statue Grade I

More images
Duke of York Column
Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany
Waterloo Place

51°30′23″N 0°07′54″W
1829–1834Richard WestmacottBenjamin Dean Wyatt Statue on column Grade I The Duke, in his Garter robes, stands atop an unfluted Doric column. Westmacott intended for the statue to face north towards Regent Street, but William IV, on the Duke of Wellington's advice, requested that it face the Horse Guards to the south. The column was completed in 1832 and the statue raised on 3 April 1834.[7]

More images
Statue of George III Cockspur Street, facing down Pall Mall

51°30′28″N 0°07′50″W
1836 c.1836Matthew Cotes WyattN/A Equestrian statue Grade II Unveiled 3 August 1836 by the Duke of Cumberland. After the King's death in 1820 Wyatt designed an ambitious multi-figure monument, but there were too few subscriptions for the project to go ahead. Fund-raising recommenced in 1831. The statue came to be nicknamed "the Pigtail and Pump-head".[8]

More images
Buckingham Palace Gates Forecourt of Buckingham Palace

51°30′05″N 0°08′29″W
1850–1851 (north); 1904–1908 (south); 1911 (centre)John Thomas, W. S. Frith, Walter Gilbert and Louis WeingartnerDecimus Burton and Aston Webb Gates and piers with sculptural decoration Grade I Burton's gates were installed after the removal of Marble Arch, formerly the ceremonial entrance to the palace. Webb commissioned the Bromsgrove Guild to produce replicas with minor variations, which were erected on the southern side. The central gates were added at the request of George V.[9]

More images
The Guards Crimean War Memorial Waterloo Place

51°30′27″N 0°07′58″W
1858–1862John BellN/A Memorial with sculpture Grade II The figures at the base of the plinth are of a Grenadier, a Fusilier and a Coldstream Guard; the crowning figure represents Honour. They are cast in bronze from cannon captured at the Siege of Sevastopol.[10]

More images
The Boy St James's Park

51°30′04″N 0°08′03″W
1863Charles Henry Mabey for Robert Jackson & SonN/A Drinking fountain with sculpture Grade II A marble figure of a boy naked to the waist, set on a granite plinth with marble panels. The badly worn and much vandalised sculpture was repaired in 1993 and unveiled by Douglas Hurd.[11]

More images
Statue of John Franklin Waterloo Place

51°30′23″N 0°07′56″W
1866Matthew NobleN/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 15 November 1866. Franklin is depicted in the act of announcing the discovery of the Northwest Passage to his officers and crew. At the back of the pedestal is a map of the Arctic, showing the positions of the boats and crews at the moment of Franklin's burial.[12]

More images
Statue of Sidney Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Lea Waterloo Place

51°30′26″N 0°07′58″W
1867John Henry FoleyThomas Henry Wyatt Statue Grade II Unveiled 1 June 1867 in Pall Mall. Moved to the courtyard of the War Office, Whitehall, in 1906. In 1915 it was moved to Waterloo Place where it acts as a pendant to Florence Nightingale's statue; the latter was given a matching plinth.[13]

More images
Statue of Colin Campbell, 1st Baron Clyde Waterloo Place

51°30′24″N 0°07′54″W
1867Carlo MarochettiN/A Statue and other sculpture Grade II The statue stands on a cylindrical granite pedestal; on a lower base projecting from this is a group of Victory seated on a lion.[14] Originally intended for Horse Guards Parade, but when the pedestal was installed there the Admiralty complained that it was blocking their entrance, and the site was changed.[15]

More images
Statue of John Fox Burgoyne Waterloo Place

51°30′23″N 0°07′56″W
1877Joseph Edgar BoehmN/A Statue Grade II Originally intended to stand outside the War Office in Whitehall. Boehm incorporated a tiny group of Saint George and the Dragon by his pupil Alfred Gilbert at the end of Burgoyne's baton.[16]

More images
Statue of John Lawrence, 1st Baron Lawrence Waterloo Place

51°30′24″N 0°07′54″W
1885Joseph Edgar BoehmN/A Statue Grade II A replacement for Boehm's statue of 1882, which was heavily criticised for its realism. This was presented to Lahore, where it proved equally controversial; in 1962 it was brought to Derry and erected in front of Foyle College, Lawrence's old school.[17]
Laura Lyttelton Memorial Drinking Fountain Piccadilly, against churchyard wall of St James's Church after 1886?? Drinking fountain Inscribed IN MEMORIAM/ LAURA LYTTELTON/ DIED/ EASTER DAY 1886[18]
Rosetta Sotheran Memorial Drinking Fountain Piccadilly, against churchyard wall of St James's Church after 1892?? Drinking fountain Inscribed IN MEMORIAM/ ROSETTA SOTHERAN/ DIED/ JULY 5TH 1892[19]
Putti NatWest bank, 207–209 Piccadilly 1892–1894 c.1892–1894F. W. PomeroyAlfred Waterhouse Relief Grade II [20]

More images
Statue of Queen Victoria Forecourt of 16 Carlton House Terrace

51°30′24″N 0°07′50″W
1898–1902 c.1898–1902Thomas BrockN/A Statue N/A Unveiled 5 February 1902 by Lord Salisbury in the Junior Constitutional Club, Piccadilly; sold in 1940. Moved to the present site in 1971, when this building was being used as an annexe of the National Portrait Gallery.[21]

More images
Victoria Memorial
Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria Memorial Gardens, The Mall

51°30′07″N 0°08′26″W
1901–1924Thomas BrockN/A Memorial with sculpture Grade I Unveiled 16 May 1911 by George V. Brock was adamant that he, and not Aston Webb, was responsible for the architectural design of the memorial. Despite never having travelled to France, he produced a work that was convincingly abreast with belle époque fashion.[22]

More images
Royal Marines Memorial The Mall

51°30′24″N 0°07′46″W
1903Adrian JonesThomas Graham Jackson Memorial with sculpture Grade II Unveiled 25 April 1903 by the Prince of Wales (the future George V), on a site now occupied by the Admiralty Citadel. Removed in 1940 and reinstalled on the Mall in 1948.[23]
Australia Gate Queen Victoria Memorial Gardens

51°30′04″N 0°08′24″W
1905–1908Francis Derwent WoodAston Webb Piers with sculptural decoration Grade I The nude boys on the two piers hold the 1908 coat of arms of Australia; the western boy is accompanied by a kangaroo and the eastern by a Merino ram.[24]

More images
Canada Gate Queen Victoria Memorial Gardens

51°30′09″N 0°08′29″W
1905–1908Henry Alfred PegramAston Webb Gates and piers with sculptural decoration Grade I The nude boys on the outermost piers hold the 1868 arms of Canada and have attributes referring to fishing and agriculture. The gates were produced by the Bromsgrove Guild.[25]
South Africa Gate Queen Victoria Memorial Gardens

51°30′08″N 0°08′22″W
1905–1908Alfred DruryAston Webb Piers with sculptural decoration Grade I The nude boy on the northern pier, representing South Africa, holds a shield with the arms of the Cape Colony; that on the southern, representing West Africa, holds a blank shield.[25]
Justice 162–165 Piccadilly 1907–1909Hibbert Charles BinneyRuntz & Ford Architectural sculpture Grade II [26]

More images
Royal Artillery Boer War Memorial The Mall

51°30′19″N 0°07′52″W
1910William Robert ColtonAston Webb Memorial with sculpture Grade II Unveiled 20 July 1910 by the Duke of Connaught. Colton was given the commission after Thomas Brock turned it down due to the pressure of other commitments. Few were pleased with the resulting memorial.[27]
Justice, Progress and Industry and the arms of British Columbia 11 Charles II Street (formerly British Columbia House), Regent Street St James's façade 1914 c.1914F. W. PomeroyAlfred Burr Architectural sculpture Grade II [28]

More images
Statue of James Cook The Mall

51°30′23″N 0°07′45″W
1914Thomas Brockprobably Aston Webb Statue Grade II Unveiled 7 July 1914 by the Duke of Connaught. The idea for the memorial was first proposed by the former Prime Minister of New South Wales, who wrote to The Times complaining of the lack of a statue to Captain Cook in London.[29]

More images
Statue of Florence Nightingale Waterloo Place

51°30′26″N 0°07′57″W
1915Arthur George WalkerThomas Henry Wyatt Statue Grade II Unveiled 24 February 1915. The last of a group of three memorials with a Crimean theme on Waterloo Place. The plinth is a copy of that of the statue of Lord Herbert, and is decorated with bronze reliefs of scenes from Nightingale's life.[30]

More images
Statue of Robert Falcon Scott Waterloo Place

51°30′25″N 0°07′55″W
1915Kathleen ScottN/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 5 November 1915 by Arthur Balfour. The sculptor was Captain Scott's widow; she produced a marble replica for Christchurch, New Zealand.[31]

More images
Statue of Edward VII Waterloo Place

51°30′24″N 0°07′56″W
1921Bertram MackennalEdwin Lutyens Equestrian statue Grade II Unveiled 20 July 1921 by George V. Edward VII is depicted in Field Marshal's uniform. Stands on the site previously occupied by the equestrian statue of Lord Napier now at Queen's Gate, Kensington.[32]
Army and Navy Club War Memorial Outside the Army and Navy Club, Pall Mall

51°30′22″N 0°08′08″W
1923–1926Basil GottoN/A Statue N/A Originally stood in the Victorian clubhouse, which was demolished around 1962. The memorial went into storage at the Ministry of Defence. In 2001 it was returned to the club and displayed in a glass case outside its 1960s building.[33]
Mary of Nazareth Churchyard of St James's, Piccadilly

51°30′31″N 0°08′13″W
1925 c.1925Charles WheelerN/A Statue N/A The sculpture, exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1925, was offered to St James's Church by Wheeler's family after his death. It was erected on this site in 1975.[34]

More images
Peace Churchyard of St James's, Piccadilly

51°30′30″N 0°08′14″W
1926 c.1926Alfred Frank HardimanN/A Statue N/A As Hardiman died in 1949 leaving his Southwood Memorial for the churchyard unfinished, the sculptor's widow gave this earlier work to St James's as a substitute and as a memorial to her husband.[35]

More images
Queen Alexandra Memorial
Alexandra of Denmark
Marlborough Road

51°30′17″N 0°08′12″W
1926–1932Alfred GilbertN/A Memorial with sculpture Grade I Unveiled 8 June 1932 by George V. Despite Gilbert's earlier disgrace with the royal family after failing to complete the Duke of Clarence's tomb, the Queen was said to have expressed a wish that he sculpt her memorial should he outlive her. Gilbert, aged 78, was knighted the day after its unveiling.[36]
Statue of George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston Carlton House Terrace

51°30′22″N 0°08′00″W
1930Bertram MackennalN/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 20 March 1931 by Stanley Baldwin. The statue stands opposite the viceroy's former house. Mackennal had previously sculpted Curzon's tomb effigy in All Saints Church, Kedleston.[37]

More images
Cries of London Buchanan House, 3 St James's Square c.1933–34Newbury Abbot TrentAlfred and David Ospalak Reliefs N/A [38]
Gates St James's, Piccadilly 1937William Bainbridge ReynoldsReginald Blomfield (destroyed surround) Gates Originally with an architectural setting by Blomfield, these gates were installed to mark the coronation of George VI. They replaced the old entrance archway to St James's churchyard.[39] Blomfield's work was destroyed in 1940 and the gates are now set into post-war railings.[40]

More images
Memorial to Julius Salter Elias, 1st Viscount Southwood Churchyard of St James's, Piccadilly

51°30′31″N 0°08′14″W
1948Alfred Frank HardimanAlbert Richardson Memorial with sculpture Grade II At the entrance to the Garden of Remembrance financed by Southwood, a newspaper magnate. Putti on dolphins and playing musical instruments refer to his charitable work for the children's hospital at Great Ormond Street.[41]
Sundial Pickering Place before 1953?N/A Armillary sphere N/A [42]


More images
Statue of George VI Carlton House Terrace

51°30′19″N 0°08′02″W
1955William McMillanLouis de Soissons (1955)

Donald Insall (2008)

Statue Grade II Unveiled 21 October 1955 by Elizabeth II. The statue was moved forward from its original setting in 2008 to form part of a joint memorial with the King's wife, Queen Elizabeth (the Queen Mother).[43]

More images
Clock Fortnum & Mason, Piccadilly 1964Eric AumonierWimperis, Simpson & Guthrie (1926–1929) Automated clock [44]

More images
Queen Mary Memorial
Mary of Teck
Junction of The Mall and Marlborough Road

51°30′17″N 0°08′08″W
1967William Reid DickAlan Reynolds Stone (lettering) Plaque with relief sculpture N/A Unveiled 7 June 1967. The profile portrait is a bronze replica of the memorial to Queen Mary at St Mary Magdalene's Church, Sandringham, Norfolk.[45]

More images
Memorial to Yvonne Fletcher St James's Square

51°30′28″N 0°08′06″W
1985George Cook and Rosemary SlinnN/A Stele N/A Unveiled 1 February 1985 by Margaret Thatcher. The first memorial to be erected by the Police Memorial Trust, founded in response to Fletcher's shooting during a siege of the Libyan embassy on the Square.[46][47]
Moonlight Ramble Haymarket House, 27 Haymarket 1992Jane Ackroyd [48]

More images
Statue of Charles de Gaulle Carlton Gardens

51°30′20″N 0°08′03″W
1993Angela ConnerBernrad Wiehahn Statue N/A Unveiled 23 June 1993 by the Queen Mother. De Gaulle (who requested that no statues be raised to him) gestures with his left hand towards 4 Carlton Gardens, the headquarters of the Free French from 1940.[37]
Eclipse

Charles Moore, 11th Earl of Drogheda

Economist Plaza

51°30′25″N 0°08′21″W
1996Angela ConnerN/A Fountain with sculpture N/A The memorial fountain consists of two moving discs mounted on a wall, which slowly fill up with water. In 2008 Conner voiced her displeasure with the Economist's neglect of the work's upkeep.[49]
Two Wave Form Outside Anglo American Head Office, 20 Carlton House Terrace

51°30′25″N 0°07′49″W
1999John Sydney CarterN/A Sculpture N/A Commissioned by Westminster City Council.[50]
States of Mind Carlton House Terrace 1999David John Kent Relief
Stag St James's Square

51°30′24″N 0°08′08″W
2001Marcus CornishN/A Statue N/A Commissioned by the developer Patrick Despard for Cleveland House, St James's Square. As the sculpture did not find favour with the building's occupants, it was presented to the trustees of the square.[51]

More images
Statue of Beau Brummell Jermyn Street

51°30′28″N 0°08′20″W
2002Irena SedleckáN/A Statue N/A Unveiled 5 November 2002 by Princess Michael of Kent. Sedlecká originally conceived the sculpture for the Bond Street site now occupied by Lawrence Holofcener's Allies.[52]

More images
National Police Memorial The Mall, in front of the Admiralty Citadel

51°30′21″N 0°07′48″W
2005Per ArnoldiFoster and Partners Memorial with stele N/A Unveiled 26 April 2005 by Elizabeth II. The memorial incorporates a ventilation shaft for the London Underground, faced with black granite and containing a Roll of Honour.[53]

More images
Statue of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother The Mall

51°30′18″N 0°08′01″W
2009Philip Jackson (statue)
Paul Day (reliefs)
Donald Buttress, Donald Insall Memorial with statue and relief sculpture N/A Unveiled 24 February 2009 by Elizabeth II. Part of a joint memorial to the Queen Mother and her husband George VI, which incorporates William McMillan's 1955 statue of the latter.[54] A second cast of Jackson's statue was erected in Poundbury, Dorset, in 2016.[55]

More images
Statue of Keith Park Waterloo Place

51°30′24″N 0°07′57″W
2010Les JohnsonN/A Statue N/A Unveiled 15 September 2010, on the 70th anniversary of the Battle of Britain. Previously a larger, fibreglass version of the statue was displayed on the Fourth Plinth at Trafalgar Square for six months. It is now at the Royal Air Force Museum in Hendon.[56]
Cornice One Eagle Place (Piccadilly) 2013Richard DeaconEric Parry Architects Architectural sculpture N/A Unveiled 6 March 2013.[57]
Bust of Simon Milton One Eagle Place (Corner of Piccadilly and Eagle Place) 2013Alan Micklethwaite Architectural sculpture Unveiled by Boris Johnson, Mayor of London; Milton was a Deputy Mayor before his death in 2011 aged 49.[58]
Architectural sculpture One Eagle Place (Corner of Eagle Place and Jermyn Street) 2013Stephen CoxEric Parry Architects Architectural sculpture N/A Unveiled 13 June 2013.[57]
Relief: Figure Emerging and Inscribed Rail to E.L. Apple Tree Yard (rear of 8 St James's Square) 2014–15Stephen CoxEric Parry Relief and inscription N/A [59][60]
Relief of John Nash Nash Summer House, St James's Square ?After Joseph Anton CouriguerJohn Nash Relief Grade II [61]
Relief of Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston Pickering Place ??N/A Relief N/A [62]

Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colours

Image Title / subject Location and
coordinates
DateArtist / designerArchitect / other Type Designation Notes
Peter De Wint Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colours, Piccadilly Edward Onslow FordEdward Robert Robson Bust Grade II [63]
John Robert Cozens Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colours, Piccadilly Edward Onslow FordEdward Robert Robson Bust Grade II [63]
David Cox Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colours, Piccadilly Edward Onslow FordEdward Robert Robson Bust Grade II [63]
Paul Sandby Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colours, Piccadilly Edward Onslow FordEdward Robert Robson Bust Grade II [63]
George Barret, Jr. Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colours, Piccadilly Edward Onslow FordEdward Robert Robson Bust Grade II [63]
Thomas Girtin Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colours, Piccadilly Edward Onslow FordEdward Robert Robson Bust Grade II [63]
J. M. W. Turner Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colours, Piccadilly Edward Onslow FordEdward Robert Robson Bust Grade II [63]
William Henry Hunt Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colours, Piccadilly Edward Onslow FordEdward Robert Robson Bust Grade II [63]
Allegorical figures Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colours, Piccadilly Francis VerheydenEdward Robert Robson Grade II [63]

References

  1. Bradley & Pevsner 2003, pp. 580–81
  2. Bradley & Pevsner 2003, p. 655
  3. Bradley & Pevsner 2003, pp. 436 and 440
  4. Bradley & Pevsner 2003, pp. 445 and 447–48
  5. The Economist Plaza Commissions, Contemporary Art Society, archived from the original on 22 January 2015, retrieved 22 January 2015
  6. Historic England. "Statue of William III (in centre of Square) (1235855)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 November 2013.
  7. Ward-Jackson 2011, pp. 385–88
  8. Ward-Jackson 2011, pp. 32–35
  9. Ward-Jackson 2011, pp. 133–34
  10. Ward-Jackson 2011, pp. 388–90
  11. Ward-Jackson 2011, p. 240
  12. Ward-Jackson 2011, pp. 390–92
  13. Ward-Jackson 2011, pp. 393–95
  14. Ward-Jackson 2011, pp. 395–98
  15. Blackwood 1989, p. 261
  16. Ward-Jackson 2011, pp. 398–99
  17. Ward-Jackson 2011, pp. 399–400
  18. "Fountain: Lyttelton Fountain", London Remembers, retrieved 9 May 2016
  19. "Fountain: Sotheran Fountain", London Remembers, retrieved 9 May 2016
  20. Bradley & Pevsner 2003, p. 557.
  21. Ward-Jackson 2011, pp. 20–21
  22. Ward-Jackson 2011, pp. 125–31
  23. "Royal Marine National Memorial", War Memorials Archive, Imperial War Museums, retrieved 31 July 2011
  24. Ward-Jackson 2011, p. 133
  25. Ward-Jackson 2011, p. 132
  26. Bradley & Pevsner 2003, p. 559.
  27. Ward-Jackson 2011, pp. 136–38
  28. 11 Charles II Street, BREEAM, retrieved 2 April 2018
  29. Ward-Jackson 2011, pp. 139–40
  30. Ward-Jackson 2011, pp. 401–03
  31. Ward-Jackson 2011, pp. 403–05
  32. Ward-Jackson 2011, pp. 405–08
  33. Ward-Jackson 2011, p. 179
  34. Ward-Jackson 2011, p. 219
  35. Ward-Jackson 2011, pp. 221–22
  36. Ward-Jackson 2011, pp. 150–52
  37. Ward-Jackson 2011, pp. 19–20
  38. Karlin 2019, p. 178.
  39. "Design for new entrance gates and piers for St James's Piccadilly, London", RIBApix, Royal Institute of British Architects, retrieved 9 May 2016
  40. Sheppard, F. H. W., ed. (1960), "St. James's Church, Piccadilly", Survey of London: Volumes 29 and 30, St James Westminster, Part 1, Institute of Historical Research, retrieved 9 May 2016
  41. Ward-Jackson 2011, pp. 220–21
  42. Raven, Simon; Shuttleworth, Martin (Autumn 1953), "Graham Greene, The Art of Fiction No. 3", The Paris Review, retrieved 11 August 2014, Nearby are the courtyard and sundial of Pickering Place, where only the very rich penetrate to eat and wine in Carolinean isolation.
  43. Ward-Jackson 2011, pp. 141–43
  44. Bradley & Pevsner 2003, p. 558.
  45. Ward-Jackson 2011, pp. 143–44
  46. "Police Memorial Trust", National Police Officers Roll of Honour, retrieved 11 December 2012
  47. "WPC Yvonne Fletcher – Stone of Remembrance", War Memorials Register, Imperial War Museums, retrieved 27 May 2019
  48. Ward-Jackson 2011, p. 64.
  49. Ward-Jackson 2011, pp. 244–45
  50. "Public Commissions", John Sydney Carter, archived from the original on 14 July 2014, retrieved 13 July 2014
  51. Ward-Jackson 2011, pp. 243–44
  52. Ward-Jackson 2011, pp. 105–06
  53. Ward-Jackson 2011, pp. 144–45
  54. Ward-Jackson 2011, pp. 146–47
  55. Queen Mother statue unveiled at Poundbury estate, BBC News, 27 October 2016, retrieved 31 October 2016
  56. "At long last, a statue of the man who won the Battle of Britain", Financial Times, 11 September 2010, retrieved 23 March 2012
  57. Welch, Adrian (14 June 2013), One Eagle Place Development, Piccadilly, e-architect, retrieved 3 February 2019
  58. Lydall, Ross (29 April 2013), Sculpture honour for deputy mayor Sir Simon Milton, Evening Standard, retrieved 3 February 2019
  59. Cox, Stephen, Apple Tree Yard Sculpture Honours Spirit of Lutyens, The Lutyens Trust, retrieved 27 April 2019
  60. Phillips, Sam (21 May 2015), Stephen Cox RA and Eric Parry RA: set in stone, Royal Academy, retrieved 27 April 2019
  61. "Bust: Nash summer house – SW1", London Remembers, retrieved 7 March 2019
  62. "Bust: Relief bust – Palmerston", London Remembers, retrieved 11 August 2014
  63. Speel, Bob, A sculpture walk in Piccadilly and Bond Street, retrieved 11 April 2013

Bibliography

  • Blackwood, John (1989), London's Immortals: The Complete Outdoor Commemorative Statues, London and Oxford: Savoy Press, ISBN 978-0951429600
  • Bradley, Simon; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2003), London 6: Westminster, The Buildings of England, London and New Haven: Yale University Press, ISBN 978-0-300-09595-1
  • Karlin, Daniel (2019), Street Songs: Writers and Urban Songs and Cries, 1800–1925, Clarendon Lectures in English, Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0198792352
  • Ward-Jackson, Philip (2011), Public Sculpture of Historic Westminster: Volume 1, Public Sculpture of Britain, 14, Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, ISBN 978-1-84631-691-3
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.