List of prime ministers of Turkey

The following is a complete list of prime ministers of Turkey, since the establishment of that position in 1920, during the Turkish War of Independence. The prime minister was the head of the executive branch of the government along with the Cabinet. Following the constitutional referendum of 2017, the office of prime minister was abolished and supreme power was handed to the president of Turkey after the general election of 2018.

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For a list of grand viziers of the predecessor Ottoman Empire, see List of Ottoman Grand Viziers.

List of Prime Ministers of Turkey (1920–2018)

Heads of the Government of the Grand National Assembly (1920–1923)

No. Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Term of office Political party Speaker
(term)
1 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
(1881–1938)
13 May 192024 January 1921Republican People's Party Mustafa
Kemal
Atatürk


(1920–1923)
2 Fevzi Çakmak
(1876–1950)
224 January 192119 May 1921Republican People's Party
319 May 19219 July 1922
3 Rauf Orbay
(1881–1964)
412 July 19224 August 1923Republican People's Party
4 Fethi Okyar
(1880–1943)
514 August 192327 October 1923Republican People's Party

Prime Ministers of the Republic of Turkey (1923–2018)

Status
  Denotes Acting Prime Minister
No. Name
(birth–death)
Portrait Term of office Political party Cabinet Elected President
(term)
1 İsmet İnönü
(1884–1973)
30 October 19236 March 1924Republican People's Party1İnönü I1923 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

(1923–1938)
6 March 192422 November 19242İnönü II
2 Fethi Okyar
(1880–1943)
22 November 19246 March 1925Republican People's Party3Okyar
(1) İsmet İnönü
(1884–1973)
6 March 19251 November 1927Republican People's Party4İnönü III
1 November 192727 September 19305İnönü IV
27 September 19304 May 19316İnönü V1927
4 May 19311 March 19357İnönü VI1931
1 March 19351 November 19378İnönü VII1935
3 Celâl Bayar
(1883–1986)
1 November 193711 November 1938Republican People's Party9Bayar I
11 November 193825 January 193910Bayar II İsmet İnönü

(1938–1950)
4 Refik Saydam
(1881–1942)
25 January 19393 April 1939Republican People's Party11Saydam I
3 April 19398 July 1942[1]12Saydam II1939
Ahmet Fikri Tüzer
(1878–1942)
8 July 19429 July 1942Republican People's PartyNone
5 Şükrü Saracoğlu
(1887–1953)
9 July 19429 March 1943Republican People's Party13Saracoğlu I
9 March 19437 August 194614Saracoğlu II1943
6 Recep Peker
(1889–1950)
7 August 19469 September 1947Republican People's Party15Peker1946
7 Hasan Saka
(1885–1960)
10 September 194710 June 1948Republican People's Party16Saka I
10 June 194816 January 194917Saka II
8 Şemsettin Günaltay
(1883–1961)
16 January 194922 May 1950Republican People's Party18Günaltay
9 Adnan Menderes
(1899–1961)
22 May 19509 March 1951Democrat Party19Menderes I1950 Celâl Bayar

(1950–1960)
9 March 195117 May 195420Menderes II
17 May 19549 December 195521Menderes III1954
9 December 195525 November 195722Menderes IV
25 November 195727 May 1960[2]23Menderes V1957
10 Cemal Gürsel
(1895–1966)
28 May 19605 January 1961Martial law
by Turkish Armed Forces
24Gürsel I National Unity Committee
(1960–1961)
5 January 196127 October 196125Gürsel II
Fahrettin Özdilek
(1898–1989)
30 October 196120 November 1961Martial law
by Turkish Armed Forces
None Cemal Gürsel

(1961–1966)
(1) İsmet İnönü
(1884–1973)
20 November 196125 June 1962Republican People's Party26İnönü VIII1961
25 June 196225 December 196327İnönü IX
25 December 196320 February 196528İnönü X
11 Suat Hayri Ürgüplü
(1903–1981)
20 February 196527 October 1965Independent29Ürgüplü
12 Süleyman Demirel
(1924–2015)
27 October 19653 November 1969Justice Party30Demirel I1965
3 November 19696 March 197031Demirel II1969 Cevdet Sunay
(1966–1973)
6 March 197026 March 1971[3]32Demirel III
13 Nihat Erim
(1912–1980)
26 March 197111 December 1971Independent33Erim I
11 December 197117 April 197234Erim II
14 Ferit Melen
(1906–1988)
17 April 197215 April 1973Republican Reliance Party35Melen
15 Naim Talu
(1919–1998)
15 April 197325 January 1974Independent36Talu1973 Fahri Korutürk

(1973–1980)
16 Bülent Ecevit
(1925–2006)
25 January 197417 November 1974Republican People's Party37Ecevit I
17 Sadi Irmak
(1906–1990)
17 November 197431 March 1975Independent38Irmak
(12) Süleyman Demirel
(1924–2015)
31 March 197521 June 1977Justice Party39Demirel IV
(16) Bülent Ecevit
(1925–2006)
21 June 197721 July 1977Republican People's Party40Ecevit II1977
(12) Süleyman Demirel
(1924–2015)
21 July 19775 January 1978Justice Party41Demirel V
(16) Bülent Ecevit
(1925–2006)
5 January 197812 November 1979Republican People's Party42Ecevit III
(12) Süleyman Demirel
(1924–2015)
12 November 197912 September 1980[4]Justice Party43Demirel VI
Turhan Feyzioğlu
(1922–1988)
12 September 198012 September 1980Republican Reliance PartyNone
18 Bülend Ulusu
(1923–2015)
20 September 198013 December 1983Martial law
by Turkish Armed Forces
44Ulusu National Security Council
(1980–1982)
Kenan Evren

(1982–1989)
19 Turgut Özal
(1927–1993)
13 December 198321 December 1987Motherland Party45Özal I1983
21 December 198731 October 198946Özal II1987
Ali Bozer
(born 1925)
31 October 19899 November 1989Motherland PartyNone
20 Yıldırım Akbulut
(born 1935)
9 November 198923 June 1991Motherland Party47Akbulut Turgut Özal

(1989–1993)
21 Mesut Yılmaz
(born 1947)
23 June 199120 November 1991Motherland Party48Yılmaz I1991
(12) Süleyman Demirel
(1924–2015)
20 November 199116 May 1993True Path Party49Demirel VII
Erdal İnönü
(1926–2007)
16 May 199325 June 1993Social Democratic Populist PartyNone Süleyman Demirel

(1993–2000)
22 Tansu Çiller
(born 1946)
25 June 19935 October 1995True Path Party50Çiller I
5 October 199530 October 199551Çiller II
30 October 19956 March 199652Çiller III1995
(21) Mesut Yılmaz
(born 1947)
6 March 199628 June 1996Motherland Party53Yılmaz II
23 Necmettin Erbakan
(1926–2011)
28 June 199630 June 1997[5]Welfare Party54Erbakan
(21) Mesut Yılmaz
(born 1947)
30 June 199711 January 1999Motherland Party55Yılmaz III
(16) Bülent Ecevit
(1925–2006)
11 January 199928 May 1999Democratic Left Party56Ecevit IV
28 May 199918 November 200257Ecevit V1999 Ahmet Necdet Sezer

(2000–2007)
24 Abdullah Gül
(born 1949)
18 November 200214 March 2003Justice and Development Party58Gül2002
25 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
(born 1954)
14 March 200329 August 2007Justice and Development Party59Erdoğan I
29 August 20076 July 201160Erdoğan II2007 Abdullah Gül

(2007–2014)
6 July 201128 August 201461Erdoğan III2011
26 Ahmet Davutoğlu
(born 1959)
28 August 201429 August 2014Justice and Development PartyNone Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

(2014–2018)
29 August 201428 August 201562Davutoğlu I
28 August 201517 November 201563Davutoğlu IIJun.2015
17 November 201524 May 201664Davutoğlu IIINov.2015
27 Binali Yıldırım
(born 1955)
24 May 20169 July 2018Justice and Development Party65Yıldırım

Footnotes

  1. Died in office.
  2. Deposed in the 1960 Turkish coup d'état.
  3. Resigned after the 1971 Turkish military memorandum.
  4. Deposed in the 1980 Turkish coup d'état.
  5. Resigned after the 1997 Turkish military memorandum.

Timeline

See also

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