List of political parties in India

India has a multi-party system with recognition accorded to national and state and district level parties. The status is reviewed periodically by the Election Commission of India. Other political parties that wish to contest local, state or national elections are required to be registered by the Election Commission of India (ECI). Registered parties are upgraded as recognised national or state level parties based upon objective criteria. A recognised party enjoys privileges like a reserved party symbol,[A] free broadcast time on state run television and radio, a consultation in setting of election dates and giving input in setting electoral rules and regulations.[1]

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
India

This listing is according to the 2019 Indian general election and Legislative Assembly elections and any party aspiring to state or national party status must fulfil at least one of the concerned criteria. In addition, national and state parties have to fulfill these conditions for all subsequent Lok Sabha or State elections, or else they lose their status.[1] As per latest publication from Election Commission of India, the total number of parties registered was 2546, with 8 national parties, 53 state parties and 2485 unrecognised parties.[2][3][4]

All registered parties contesting elections need to choose a symbol from a list of available symbols offered by the EC. All 28 states of the country along with the union territories of Jammu and Kashmir, National Capital Territory of Delhi and Puducherry have elected governments unless President's rule is imposed under certain conditions.

National parties

A registered party is recognised as a national party only if it fulfils any one of the following three conditions:[5]

  1. A party should win 2% of seats in the Lok sabha from at least three different states.[6]
  2. At a general election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, the party polls 6% of votes in any four or more states and in addition it wins four Lok Sabha seats.
  3. A party gets recognition as a state party in four states.
8 recognised national parties[2][4]
Name Abbreviation Foundation
year
Founder(s) Party Supremo [D] Party symbol Headquarters
All India Trinamool Congress AITC 1998 Mamata Banerjee 36-G, Topsia Road, Panchannagram, Kolkata-700039 (West Bengal)
Bahujan Samaj Party BSP 1984 Mayawati 12, Gurdwara Rakabganj Road, New Delhi-110001 (Delhi)
Bharatiya Janata Party BJP 1980 Amit Shah (National President)
J P Nadda (Working President)
6-A, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Marg, Mandi House, New Delhi-110002 (Delhi)
Communist Party of India CPI 1925 D. Raja Ajoy Bhavan, 15, Indrajit Gupta Marg, New Delhi-110002, (Delhi)
Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI(M) 1964 Sitaram Yechury 27-29, A. K. Gopalan Bhavan, Bhai Vir Singh Marg, New Delhi-110001 (Delhi)
Indian National Congress INC 1885 Sonia Gandhi (Interim President) 24, Akbar Road, New Delhi-110001 (Delhi)
Nationalist Congress Party NCP 1999 Sharad Pawar 10, Bishambhar Marg, New Delhi-110001 (Delhi)
National People's Party NPP 2013 Conrad Sangma M.G. Avenue, Floor, MDU Building, Imphal-795001 (Manipur)

State parties

A party has to fulfill any of the following conditions for recognition as a state party:

  1. A party should win minimum three percent of the total number of seats or a minimum of three seats in the Legislative Assembly.
  2. A party should win at least one seat in the Lok Sabha for every 25 seats or any fraction thereof allotted to that State.
  3. A party should secure at least six percent of the total valid votes polled during general election to a Lok Sabha or State Legislative Assembly and should, in addition, win at least one Lok Sabha, and two Legislative Assembly seats in that election,
  4. Under the liberalised criteria, one more clause that it will be eligible for recognition as state party if it secures 8% or more of the total valid votes polled in the state, addition to one seat in any state.[7]
53 recognised state parties[2][4]
NameAbbreviationFoundation
year
Current leader(s)Recognised in State/Union TerritorySymbol
Aam Aadmi PartyAAP2012Arvind KejriwalDelhi, Punjab
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra KazhagamAIADMK1972Edappadi K. Palaniswami and O. PaneerselvamTamil Nadu, Puducherry
All India Forward BlocAIFB1939Debabrata BiswasWest Bengal
All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul MuslimeenAIMIM1927Asaduddin OwaisiTelangana
All India N.R. CongressAINRC2011N. RangaswamyPuducherry
All India United Democratic FrontAIUDF2004Badruddin AjmalAssam
All Jharkhand Students UnionAJSU1986Sudesh MahtoJharkhand
Asom Gana ParishadAGP1985Atul BoraAssam
Biju Janata DalBJD1997Naveen PatnaikOdisha
Bodoland People's FrontBPF1985Hagrama MohilaryAssam
Desiya Murpokku Dravida KazhagamDMDK2005VijayakanthTamil Nadu
Dravida Munnetra KazhagamDMK1949M. K. StalinTamil Nadu, Puducherry
Goa Forward PartyGFP2016Vijai SardesaiGoa
Hill State People's Democratic PartyHSPDP1968Hopingstone LyngdohMeghalaya
Indian National Lok DalINLD1999Om Prakash ChautalaHaryana
Indian Union Muslim LeagueIUML1948Sayed Hyderali Shihab ThangalKerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu
Indigenous People's Front of TripuraIPFT2009Mevar Kumar JamatiaTripura
Jammu & Kashmir National ConferenceJKNC1932Omar AbdullahJammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir National Panthers PartyJKNPP1982Bhim SinghJammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic PartyJKPDP1998Mehbooba MuftiJammu and Kashmir
Janta Congress ChhattisgarhJCC2016Ajit JogiChhattisgarhFarmer Ploughing (within square farm)
Janata Dal (Secular)JD(S)1999H. D. Deve GowdaArunachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala
Janata Dal (United)JD(U)1999Nitish KumarArunachal Pradesh, Bihar
Jannayak Janta PartyJJP2018Dushyant ChautalaHaryana
Jharkhand Mukti MorchaJMM1972Shibu SorenJharkhand
Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik)JVM(P)2006Babu Lal MarandiJharkhand
Kerala Congress (M)KC(M)1979C. F. ThomasKerala
Lok Janshakti PartyLJP2000Ram Vilas PaswanBihar
Maharashtra Navnirman SenaMNS2006Raj ThackerayMaharashtra
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak PartyMGP1963Deepak DhavalikarGoa
Mizo National FrontMNF1959ZoramthangaMizoram
Mizoram People's ConferenceMPC1972LalhmingthangaMizoram
Naga People's FrontNPF2002T. R. ZeliangManipur, NagalandRooster
Nationalist Democratic Progressive PartyNDPP2018Neiphiu RioNagalandGlobe
Pattali Makkal KatchiPMK1989Anbumani RamadossPuducherry
People's Democratic AlliancePDA2012Bd. Behring AnalManipurCrown
People's Democratic FrontPDF2017P. N. SyiemMeghalayaCandles
People's Party of ArunachalPPA1987Tomo RibaArunachal Pradesh
Rashtriya Janata DalRJD1997Lalu Prasad YadavBihar, Jharkhand
Rashtriya Lok DalRLD1998Chaudhary Ajit SinghUttar Pradesh
Rashtriya Lok Samta PartyRLSP2013Upendra KushwahaBihar
Rashtriya Loktantrik PartyRLP2018Hanuman BeniwalRajasthanBottle
Revolutionary Socialist PartyRSP1940T. J. ChandrachoodanKerala, West Bengal
Samajwadi PartySP1992Akhilesh YadavUttar Pradesh
Shiromani Akali DalSAD1920Sukhbir Singh BadalPunjab
Shiv SenaSS1966Uddhav ThackerayMaharashtra
Sikkim Democratic FrontSDF1993Pawan Kumar ChamlingSikkim
Sikkim Krantikari MorchaSKM2013Prem Singh TamangSikkimTable lamp
Telangana Rashtra SamithiTRS2001K. Chandrashekar RaoAndhra Pradesh, Telangana
Telugu Desam PartyTDP1982N. Chandra Babu NaiduAndhra Pradesh, Telangana
United Democratic PartyUDP1972Metbah LyngdohMeghalaya
YSR Congress PartyYSRCP2011Y. S. Jaganmohan ReddyAndhra Pradesh, Telangana
Zoram Nationalist PartyZNP1997LalduhawmaMizoram

Unrecognised parties

Unrecognised registered notable parties[C][2][3][4]
NameAbbreviationFoundation
year
Current leader(s)States/UT
Amma Makkal Munnetra KazhagamAMMK2018T. T. V. DhinakaranTamil Nadu
Amra BangaliAMB1983Prabhat Ranjan SarkarWest Bengal
Bharatiya Minorities Suraksha MahasanghBMSM1983Sundar ShaekharMaharashtra
Hindustani Awam Morcha[8]HAM2015Jitan Ram ManjhiBihar
People's Democratic FrontPDF2001Ajoy BiswasTripura
Jan Adhikar Party Loktantrik[9]JAP2015Pappu YadavBihar
Suheldev Bhartiya Samaj PartySBSP2002Om Prakash RajbharUttar Pradesh
Jan Shakti Party of India[10]JSPI2015Gurjeet Singh AzadPunjab
Indhiya Jananayaga KatchiIJK2010T.R. PachamuthuTamil Nadu
Jana Sena PartyJSP2014Pawan KalyanAndhra Pradesh
Kerala Congress (Jacob)KC(J)1991Anoop JacobKerala
Kerala Congress (B)KC(B)1989R. Balakrishna PillaiKerala
Kongunadu Makkal Desia KatchiKMDK2013E. R. EswaranTamil Nadu
Kongunadu Makkal KatchiKMK2000A.M. RajaTamil Nadu
Lok Satta PartyLSP2006Nagabhairava Jaya Prakash NarayanaAndhra Pradesh, Telangana
Manipur Peoples PartyMPP1968Sovakiran N.Manipur
Makkal Needhi Maiam MNM 2018 Kamal Haasan Tamil Nadu
Manithaneya Makkal KatchiMMK2009M. H. JawahirullahTamil Nadu
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra KazhagamMDMK1992VaikoTamil Nadu
Odisha JanmorchaOJM2013Pyarimohan MohapatraOdisha
Param Digvijay DalPDD2014Adhyatmik Neta Krishna Mohan Shankar YogiUttar Pradesh
Peace Party of IndiaPPI2008Mohamed AyubUttar Pradesh
Puthiya TamilagamPTK1996K. KrishnasamyTamil Nadu
Rashtriya Samaj PakshaRSP2003Mahadev JankarMaharashtra
Rashtriya Ulama CouncilRUC2008Aamir Rashadi MadniUttar Pradesh
Rayalaseema Parirakshana SamithiRPS2013Byreddy Rajasekhar ReddyAndhra Pradesh
Social Democratic Party of IndiaSDPI2009M. K. Faizy Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Assam, Manipur, Telangana, Maharashtra, Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala
Tamil Nadu Kongu Ilaingar PeravaiKIP2001U. ThaniyarasuTamil Nadu
Tamil Maanila CongressTMC1996G. K. VasanTamil Nadu
Uttarakhand Kranti DalUKD1979Kashi Singh AiryUttarakhand
Vanchit Bahujan AghadiVBA2018Prakash AmbedkarMaharashtra
Viduthalai Chiruthaigal KatchiVCK1972Thol. ThirumavalavanTamil Nadu
Welfare Party of IndiaWPI2011S. Q. R. IlyasKerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, West Bengal, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharashtra
Hindu Sena2011Vishnu GuptaNew Delhi
Gorkha National Liberation FrontGNLF1980Subhash GhisinghWest Bengal
Gorkha Janmukti MorchaGJM2007Roshan GiriWest Bengal
Revolutionary Communist Party of IndiaRCPI1934Saumyendranath TagoreAssam, Kerala, West Bengal[11]
Akhil Bharatiya Gorkha LeagueABGL1943Bharati TamangWest Bengal
Praja Socialist PartyPSP1952Kerala
Swaraj IndiaSI2016Yogendra YadavNew Delhi, Karnataka, Haryana
All India Mahila Empowerment Party MEP 2017 Nowhera Shaik Telangana, Karnataka
Naam Tamilar Katchi NTK 1958 Seeman Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Kerala
All India Hindustan Congress Party AIHCP 2015 Buddh Prakash Sharma Gujarat, Rajasthan, karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh
Indian Gandhiyan PartyIGP2012Aashin U SKerala
Jansatta Dal Loktantrik Jansatta Party 2018 Raghuraj Pratap Singh Uttar Pradesh
Uttama Prajakeeya Party UPP 2018 Upendra Rao Karnataka

See also

Notes

  • A If a party is recognised as a national or state party, its symbol is reserved for its exclusive use in the country or in the state.[12][13]
  • B In all States/U.T.s except in the State of Assam, where its candidates will have to choose a symbol from out of the list of free symbols specified by the Commission.
  • C In addition to those included, the total is 1761.
  • D - Current leaders are presidents of their respective parties and not necessarily the leaders of their legislative group in the Indian Parliament.

References

  1. "Registration of political Parties". FAQs. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
  2. "List of Political Parties & Symbol MAIN Notification". Election Commission of India. 15 March 2019.
  3. "Amendment Notificaiton - List of Registered Unrecognised Parties and Symbols after 15 March 2019". Election Commission of India. 1 April 2019.
  4. "Amendment Notificaiton - List of Registered Recognised Parties and Symbols & List of Registered Unrecognised Parties and Symbols after 1 April 2019". Election Commission of India. 25 September 2019.
  5. "Dynamics of elevation of political parties to State or National Party". Press Information Bureau. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  6. "When is a Political Party recognized as a National or State Party?". FACTLY. 28 January 2017. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  7. "Amendment of the Election Symbols (Reservation and Allotment) Order, 1968. Allotment of common symbol to candidates of registered un-recognized political parties". Press Information Bureau. 17 October 2011. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  8. "Manjhi's HAM recognised by poll panel". The Statesman. 19 July 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  9. "Allotment of Common Symbol -10B letter dt 15.9.15" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 15 September 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  10. "June 2015 Notification" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 2. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
  11. "Contact Us". Retrieved 27 November 2019.
  12. "Names of National, State, registered-unrecognised parties and the list of free symbols" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 12 March 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  13. "State Party List" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 13 December 2016.

Further reading

  • Subrata K. Mitra and V. B. Singh. 1999. Democracy and Social Change in India: but parties have to be 70per of decision A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the National Electorate. New Delhi: Sage Publications. ISBN 81-7036-809-X (India HB) ISBN 0-7619-9344-4 (U.S. HB).
  • Subrata K. Mitra, Mike Enskat, Clemens Spiess (eds.). 2004. Political Parties in South Asia. Greenwood: Praeger.
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