List of places named after Joseph Stalin

During Joseph Stalin's rule (1922–1953), many places, mostly cities, in the Soviet Union and other communist countries were named or renamed in honour of him as part of the cult of personality surrounding him. Most of these places had their names changed back to the original ones shortly after the 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1956, or after the beginning of destalinisation in 1961.

In some countries, including those in the West, there are streets, squares, etc. named after Stalingrad (and hence indirectly after Stalin), in honour of the courage shown by the defenders at the battle of Stalingrad against Nazi Germany. These names have not been changed back, since they refer to the battle of Stalingrad rather than the city itself.

Cities

Eastern Europe

 Albania

 Bulgaria

  • Stalin, 1949–1956 – Varna

 East Germany

 Hungary

 Poland

 Romania

  • Oraşul Stalin, 1950–1960 – Brașov

Former Soviet Union

 Armenia

 Azerbaijan

 Georgia

 Russia

 Tajikistan

 Ukraine

Parks and natural places

Former Soviet Union

 Azerbaijan

 Russia

  • Zavod imeni Stalina (ZIS, Factory named after Stalin) in Moscow, USSR, 1931–1959. Luxury car and truck factory. Now Zavod Imeni Likhacheva (ZIL).

 Tajikistan

Eastern Europe

 Bulgaria

  • Vrah Stalin (Stalin Peak), 1950–1962 – Musala

 Czech Republic

  • Stalingrad – Housing estate Karviná-Nové Město, Karviná,
  • Stalingrad – Housing estate built in 1950s Žďár nad Sázavou, The name Stalingrad is still in use in this town as of 2009 despite some attempts to rename the borough after the Velvet revolution.

 Czechoslovakia

  • Stalinovy závody (Stalin factories) in Záluží near Most, 1946–1962. Chemical factory founded during World War II to produce synthetic oil.

 Romania

  • Raionul Stalin (Stalin city district), Bucharest,
  • Regiunea Stalin (Stalin region), in central Romania (1950–1960)
  • Poiana Stalin, Poiana Braşov (1950–1960)

 Slovakia

  • Stalinov štít (in Slovak, Stalinův štít or štít J. V. Stalina in Czech, Stalin Peak or J. V. Stalin Peak), 1949–1961 – Gerlachov Peak,

Asia

 China

North America

 Canada

  • Geographic Township of Stalin, before 1986 – Geographic Township of Hansen, Ontario
  • Mount Stalin, before 1987 – Mount Peck, British Columbia

Streets and squares

Former Warsaw Pact

 Czech Republic

  • Stalinova ulice (Stalin Street) – now Vinohradská tř. (from 1962; formerly: Říčanská, Černokostelecká, Jungmannova (1884–1920), Fochova (1920–1940), Schwerinova (1940–1945)), Prague
  • Stalinova ulice – now Starochodovská ul., Prague
  • Stalinova ulice – now Pěkná ul. (1962–1972 Jiráskova ul.), Brno-Chrlice
  • Stalinova ulice – now Americká ul. (Stodolní, Jungmannova, Moskevská, Vítězná), Plzeň
  • Stalinova třída / třída Generalissima Stalina (Stalin Road / Generalissimus Stalin Road) – now Revoluční ul. (formerly Hauptstraße), Krnov,
  • Stalinova třída – now třída Míru, Pardubice
  • Stalinovo náměstí (Stalin Square) – now Palackého nám., Bruntál
  • Stalinovo náměstí – now Masarykovo nám., Ostrava
  • Stalinovo náměstí – now Mariánské nám., Uherský Brod
  • Stalinovy sady (Stalin Park) – now Koliště, Brno-město

 East Germany

  • Stalinallee (Stalin Avenue) in Berlin, East Germany, 1952–1961 – now Karl-Marx-Allee (see also: Stalin-Allee, about a film featuring this street)
  • Stalinstraße (Stalin Street) – now Lübsche Straße, Wismar
  • Stalinstraße – now St.Annen-Straße, Brandenburg an der Havel
  • Stalinstraße – now Wismarsche Straße, Schwerin
  • Stalinstraße – now Gartenstraße, Bützow
  • Stalinstraße – now Am Planetarium, Jena
  • Stalinstraße – now Chemnitzer Straße, Mölkau
  • Stalinstraße – now Eisenberger Straße, Hermsdorf[1]
  • Stalinstraße – now Straße des Friedens, Wurzen
  • Stalinstraße – now Thomasstraße, Greiz
  • Stalinstraße – now Schweriner Straße, Ludwigslust
  • Stalinstraße – now Bernhardstraße, Sonneberg
  • Stalinstraße – now Fritz-Hesse-Straße, Dessau

 Hungary

 Poland

  • Ulica Józefa Stalina (Joseph Stalin Street) – now ulica Dworcowa, Gliwice
  • Ulica Józefa Stalina – now ulica Główna, Łódź
  • Ulica Józefa Stalina – now ulica Lwowska, Tarnów
  • Aleja Stalina (Stalin Avenue) – now Aleje Ujazdowskie, Warsaw
  • Ulica Marszałka Stalina (Marshal Stalin Street) – now ulica Jedności Narodowej, Wrocław
  • Ulica Józefa Stalina – now ulica Lipowa, Białystok

 Romania

  • Bulevardul I.V. Stalin (J.V. Stalin Boulevard) – now Bulevardul Aviatorilor, Bucharest
  • Piața I.V. Stalin (J.V. Stalin Square) – now Charles de Gaulle Square, Bucharest
  • Parcul I.V. Stalin (J.V. Stalin Park) – now Herăstrău Park, Bucharest

 Slovakia

  • Námestie J.V. Stalina / Nám. maršála J.V. Stalina / Stalinovo námestie (J.V. Stalin Square / Marshal J.V. Stalin Square / Stalin Square) – now Námestie Maratónu mieru, Košice
  • Stalinova ulica (Stalin Street) – now Hlavná ulica, Prešov
  • Stalinovo námestie (Stalin Square) – now Námestie SNP, Bratislava

Former Soviet Union

 Belarus

  • Prospekt imeni Stalina (Проспект имени Сталина, Stalin Avenue), 1952–1961 – now Prospekt Nezavisimosti (Проспект Независимости, Independence Avenue), Minsk

 Estonia

  • Stalingradi väljak (Stalingrad Square) – now Tornide väljak (Towers' Square), Tallinn[2]
  • Stalini tänav (Stalin Street) – now Lossi tänav (Castle Street), Kuressaare[2]
  • Stalini tänav – now Vestervalli tänav (Vestervalli Street), Narva[2]
  • Stalini väljak (Stalin Square) (1940–1960) – now Viru väljak (Viru Square), Tallinn[2]
  • Stalini väljak – now Kesklinna park (City Park), Võru[2][3]

 Georgia

  • სტალინის ქუჩა, (Улица Сталина, Stalin Street), Gori (Stalin's birthplace)
  • სტალინის ქუჩა, (Улица Сталина, Stalin Street), Tsnori

 Latvia

  • Staļina iela (Stalin Street), 1940–1941 – now Lielā iela (Main Street), Jelgava[4]

 Russia

  • Ulitsa Stalina, (Улица Сталина, Stalin Street) – formerly Friendship Street, Beslan
  • Prospekt Stalina, (Проспект Сталина, Stalin Avenue) – now Ulitsa 50 Let Pobedy

Western Europe

 Austria

 Belgium

  • Avenue de Stalingrad (Stalingrad Avenue), Brussels

 France

 Italy

 Netherlands

  • Stalinlaan – now Vrijheidslaan, Amsterdam. Following the liberation of the Netherlands from Nazi occupation in 1945, the city of Amsterdam named three major streets for the World War II Big Three – Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin – the three streets converging on Victory Square. The first two names remain, but the name of Stalin Street was changed to "Freedom" (Vrijheid) after the Soviet invasion of Hungary in 1956.

 United Kingdom

North America

 Trinidad and Tobago

  • Stalin Street, Dow Village

Asia

 China

  • Stalin Street Changchun, (1946–1996) The longest street in Northeast China. It was given this name in the aftermath of Operation August Storm, the victorious large-scale Soviet campaign in Manchuria.
  • Stalin Square Dalian, (1946–1993) This square was given its name for its Stalin statue, which has since been removed.
  • Stalin Road, (斯大林路), Dalian
  • Stalin Park, (斯大林街), Harbin

 Iran

  • Stalin Street, former name of a street in Tehran. The city named three streets after the three leaders – Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin – that met at the Tehran Conference of 1943. The names all disappeared after the 1979 Islamic Revolution.[6]

 North Korea

  • Ssŭttallin kŏri (쓰딸린 거리; Stalin Street) – now Victory Street, Pyongyang[7]

See also

References

  1. "Chronik Hermsdorf / Thüringen 1950 bis 1954". Hermsdorf Regional – die Geschichte einer Stadt. Retrieved 14 September 2013. 21.12.1951Die Bahnhofstraße und die Eisenberger Straße wurden zusammengelegt und in Josef-Stalin-Straße umbenannt.
  2. "EKI KNAB". EKI. Retrieved 8 August 2010.
  3. Radzinsky, Edvard. Stalin.
  4. "Jelgavas ielas". Jelgavas pilsētas bibliotēka. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  5. "Staline, rue d'Essomes-sur-Marne". PICARDIA, l'encyclopédie picarde. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  6. Elliot, Jason. Mirrors of the Unseen: Journeys through Iran. Picador. p. 15.
  7. Armstrong, Charles K. (2013). The North Korean Revolution, 1945–1950. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. p. 42. ISBN 0-8014-6879-5.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.