List of peninsulas

A peninsula (Latin: paeninsula from paene "almost" and insula "island") is a piece of land that is bordered by water on three sides but connected to mainland.[1][2][3][4] The surrounding water is usually understood to be continuous, though not necessarily named as such. A peninsula can also be a headland, cape, island promontory, bill, point, or spit.[5] A point is generally considered a tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water that is less prominent than a cape.[6] In English, the plural of peninsula is peninsulas or, less commonly, peninsulae. A river which courses through a very tight meander is also sometimes said to form a "peninsula" within the (almost closed) loop of water.

Presented below is a list of peninsulas.

Africa

Somali peninsula

The Horn of Africa is a peninsula in Northeast Africa that juts into the Guardafui Channel, and is the easternmost projection of the African continent. It denotes the region containing the countries of Somalia, Eritrea, Djibouti and Ethiopia.

North Africa

Other

Antarctica

Asia

China

Hong Kong

Macao

Russia

Taiwan

Turkey

Eastern Mediterranean

Indian subcontinent and South Asia

The Indian subcontinent is a peninsula, the only land feature in the world widely recognized as a subcontinent in the English language.

Japan

Kyūshū

Honshū

Hokkaido

Kazakhstan

Korea

The whole land mass encompassing North and South Korea is a peninsula, surrounded by the Sea of Japan on the east, the East China Sea to the south, and the Yellow Sea to the west, with the Korea Strait connecting the first two bodies of water.

Persian Gulf

Indochina

Indonesia

Malaysia

Philippines

Singapore

Vietnam

Europe

Europe is sometimes considered to be a large peninsula extending off Eurasia.[7] As such, it is one of the largest peninsulas in the world and the only one to have the status as a full continent, largely as a matter of convention rather than science. It is composed of many smaller peninsulas, the four main and largest component peninsulas being the Scandinavian, Iberian, Balkan and Italian peninsulas.

Balkan Peninsula

The Balkans is a peninsula including Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Kosovo, North Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia and the European part of Turkey.

France

Iberian Peninsula

Encompassing continental Spain and Portugal, Andorra, British overseas territory of Gibraltar and a small amount of southern France.

Ireland

Italy

Malta

Russia

Scandinavia

Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural, and linguistic ties. The term Scandinavia in local usage covers the three kingdoms of Denmark, located on the Jutland Peninsula, and Norway and Sweden, located the on the Scandinavian Peninsula.[8] In English usage, Scandinavia also sometimes refers to the Scandinavian Peninsula, or to the broader region including Finland and Iceland, which is always known locally as the Nordic countries.[9][10]

The Scandinavian Peninsula, along with the islands, encompasses present-day Sweden, Norway, and the northwestern area of Finland.

Fennoscandia or the Fennoscandian Peninsula is the geographical peninsula comprising the Scandinavian Peninsula, Finland, Karelia, and the Kola Peninsula (Russia).

Norway

Sweden

Denmark

Turkey

Ukraine

United Kingdom

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern Ireland

Channel Islands

Other peninsulas in Europe

North America

Belize

Canada

British Columbia

New Brunswick

Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland

Northwest Territories

Nova Scotia

Nunavut

Baffin Island

Ontario

Quebec

Caribbean

Costa Rica

Greenland

Mexico

Panama

United States

Alaska

California

Florida

Florida is a well-known example of a large peninsula, with its land area divided between the larger Florida peninsula and the smaller Florida panhandle on the north and west. It has several smaller peninsulas within it:

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

New Jersey

New York

  • Irondequoit, NY (geographical headland)

Utah

  • Antelope Island, Utah, becomes a peninsula when waters are low, on the south shore of the Great Salt Lake
  • Promontory Peninsula, on the north eastern shore of the Great Salt Lake
  • Stansbury Peninsula becomes an island when waters are high, on the south shore of the Great Salt Lake

Vermont

  • Alburgh, Vermont, is on the Alburgh Tongue, a peninsula extending from Quebec, Canada into Lake Champlain

Virginia

Washington

Other states

South America

Oceania

Australia

Papua New Guinea

New Zealand

In the North Island
In the South Island

See also

References

  1. Word Histories and Mysteries: From Abracadabra to Zeus. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2004. p. 216. ISBN 978-0547350271. OCLC 55746553.
  2. "pen·in·su·la". American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
  3. "Definition of peninsula". Cambridge Dictionaries Online. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
  4. A PENINSULA IS A PENGUIN OCEAN "Definition of peninsula" Check |url= value (help). Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
  5. "List of peninsulas". Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
  6. http://travelingluck.com/Africa/Sierra%20Leone/Northern/_2409328_Fourah+Point.html#local_map
  7. National Geographic, ed. (1996). "Peninsula". Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  8. John Harrison, Michael Hoyler, Megaregions: Globalization's New Urban Form? (p. 152), Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015
  9. "Definition of Scandinavia in English". Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved 23 December 2016. A large peninsula in north-western Europe, occupied by Norway and Sweden … A cultural region consisting of the countries of Norway, Sweden, and Denmark and sometimes also of Iceland, Finland, and the Faroe Islands
  10. "Facts about the Nordic region". Nordic Council of Ministers & Nordic Council. 1 October 2007. Archived from the original on 8 February 2018. Retrieved 25 March 2014. Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden and the Faroe Islands, Greenland and Åland work together in the official Nordic co-operation.
  • The dictionary definition of peninsula at Wiktionary
  • Media related to Peninsulas at Wikimedia Commons
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