List of national parks of China

National Parks of China

The proposal of establishing a national park system of China was released in 2013 at the 3rd Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. In 2016, the Three-River-Source National Park was established as the first experimental unit of this park system. Fujian Wuyi Mountains National Park was established in the same year, and 8 more parks have been designated since then. Currently, the National Park System of China has 11 units. They are administrated by the National Forestry and Grassland Administration.

List of National Parks

Name Image Location Establishment Area (km2) Description
Three-River-Source National Park Qinghai March 9, 2016[1] 123,100 To protect source waters of three great rivers: Yangtze River, Lancang River and Yellow River.[2][3]
Giant Panda National Park Sichuan, Shaanxi and Gansu January 31, 2017[4] 27,000[3] To protect natural environmental corridors connecting different habitats of pandas.[3]
Northeastern China Tiger and Leopard National Park Jilin and Heilongjiang December 5, 2016[5] 14,600[3] To recover communities and populations of wild tigers and leopards in northeastern China.[3]
Potatso National Park Yunnan October 26, 2016[6] 602.1[3] To protect local wetlands and grasslands.[7]
Shennongjia National Park Hubei May 14, 2016[8] 1,170[3] To protect local ecological systems of sub-tropical forests and sphagnum palustre swamplands.[3]
Zhejiang Qianjiangyuan National Park Zhejiang July 15, 2016[9] 252[3] To protect endangered species near the source of Qiantang River.[3]
Hunan South Mountain National Park Hunan August 8, 2016[10] 635.94[3] To protect birds and other ecological landscapes.[7]
Wuyi Mountains National Park Fujian March 14, 2016[11] 982.59[3] To protect the biodiversity of the Wuyi Mountains.[3]
Beijing Great Wall National Park Beijing January 14, 2017[12] 59.91[3] To protect historical sites at Badaling Great Wall and Ming Tombs.[3]
Qilian Mountains National Park Gansu and Qinghai June 26, 2017[13] 50,000[3] To protect the vulnerable environment in Qilian Mountains.[7]
Hainan Tropical Rain Forest National Park Hainan January 23, 2019[14] 44,000[14] To protect rain forests on the island.[14]

Current national parks of Taiwan

Currently there are nine(9) national parks in Taiwan. There is also one(1) national nature park, which is designed for areas with fewer resources compare to a full national park.

NameChineseTaiwaneseHakkaDate establishedAreaDescriptionImage
Kenting National Park墾丁國家公園Khún-teng Kok-ka Kong-hn̂gKhén-tên Koet-kâ Kûng-yèn January 1, 1984332.90 km2 (82,261.4 acres), 180.84 km2 of land, and 152.06 km2 waterLocated on the southern tip of Taiwan, it is also the oldest national park on the Taiwan (Pingtung County), Kenting is famous for its tropical coral reef and migratory birds.
Yushan National Park玉山國家公園Gio̍k-san Kok-ka Kong-hn̂gNgiu̍k-sân Koet-kâ Kûng-yèn April 6, 19851,031.21 km2 (254,817.5 acres)The largest national park in Taiwan, located on the central part of the island. It is named after Mount Jade (Yushan literally means "Jade Mountain") which is the highest peak in East Asia at 3,952 metres.
Yangmingshan National Park陽明山國家公園Iûⁿ-bêng-soaⁿ Kok-ka Kong-hn̂gYòng-mìn-sân Koet-kâ Kûng-yèn September 16, 1985113.38 km2 (28,016.8 acres)The northernmost national park on the island of Taiwan; it has a volcanic landform. Yangminshan is famous for its hotsprings and geothermal phenomenon. Each spring, Yangminshan also have a dazzling flower season. It is located partially in Taipei City and partially in New Taipei City.
Taroko National Park太魯閣國家公園Thài-ló͘-koh Kok-ka Kong-hn̂gThai-lû-kok Koet-kâ Kûng-yèn November 28, 1986920 km2 (227,337.0 acres)A magnificent marble gorge cut by Li-Wu River, creating one of the most astounding landscape in the world. It is also the home of the indigenous Truku people. Taroko is located in eastern Taiwan.
Shei-Pa National Park雪霸國家公園Soat-pà Kok-ka Kong-hn̂gSiet-pa Koet-kâ Kûng-yèn July 1, 1992768.5 km2 (189,900.5 acres)Located in the central northern part of Taiwan island, in Hsinchu County and Miaoli County. It encompasses Xueshan (Snow Mountain), the second tallest mountain in Taiwan and East Asia, and Dabajian Mountain.
Kinmen National Park金門國家公園Kim-mn̂g Kok-ka Kong-hn̂gKîm-mùn Koet-kâ Kûng-yèn October 18, 199535.29 km2 (8,720.3 acres)Located on an island just off the coast of Mainland China, it includes famous historical battlefields in Kinmen. It is also known for its wetland ecosystem and traditional Fujian buildings that dated back to the Ming Dynasty.
Dongsha Atoll National Park東沙環礁國家公園Tang-soa Khoân-ta Kok-ka Kong-hn̂gTûng-sâ Fàn-chiâu Koet-kâ Kûng-yèn October 4, 20073,536.68 km2 (873,932.7 acres), including 1.79 km2 of landTaiwan's first marine national park. The atoll and the adjacent waters provide for a rich biodiversity of marine life from fish, jelly fish, squid, sicklefin lemon sharks, and rays to sea turtles, Dugongs, and cetaceans (dolphins and whales). Because strict protection is being taken, it is currently not open to public tourism.
Taijiang National Park臺江國家公園Tâi-kang Kok-ka Kong-hn̂gThòi-kông Koet-kâ Kûng-yèn December 28, 2009393.1 km2 (97,137.1 acres), 49.05 km2 of land, and 344.05 km2 waterLocated in southwest Taiwan on the coast of Tainan City. The park's tidal landscape is one of its most distinctive features. Around 200 years ago, a large part of the park was part of the Taijiang Inland Sea. There is a rich variety of marine life, including 205 species of shellfish, 240 species of fish and 49 crab species that thrive on the marshes of southern Taiwan.
South Penghu Marine National Park澎湖南方四島
國家公園
Phêⁿ-ô͘ Lâm-hong Sù-tó
Kok-ka Kong-hn̂g
Phàng-fù Nàm-fông Si-tó
Koet-kâ Kûng-yèn
October 18, 2014358.44 km2 (88,572.5 acres), including 3.70 km2 of landLocated in the south of the Penghu Islands. The seas around the islets feature large clusters of Acropora coral and a diversity of fish and shells living among the reefs. The islets are also known for magnificent basalt terrains and unique low-roofed houses built by early inhabitants with coral stone and basalt.[15]

National Nature Park

NameChineseTaiwaneseHakkaDate establishedAreaImage
Shoushan National Nature Park壽山國家自然公園Siū-san Kok-ka Chū-jiân Kong-hn̂gSu-sân Koet-kâ Chhṳ-yèn Kûng-yèn December 6, 201111.23 km2 (2,775.0 acres)

National Scenic and Historic Interest Areas

Before the formal establishment of National Park System of China in 2016, the National Scenic and Historic Interest Area system (Chinese: 国家级风景名胜区; pinyin: Guójiājí Fēngjǐng Míngshèngqū) was the exact equivalent of the term 'national park' (Chinese: 国家公园; pinyin: Guójiā Gōngyuán) applied to the rest of the world, as specified in the National Standard of the People's Republic of China GB50298-1999: Code for Scenic Area Planning, and in the Green Paper: Situation and Prospects of China's Scenic Areas published by the Ministry of Construction in 1994. National Scenic and Historic Interest Areas in China were officially approved and declared by the State Council. The Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development is in charge of the supervision and administration of national and provincial parks throughout the country. To date, China has 244 National Scenic and Historic Interest Areas. The ranges and boundaries of these national parks are often extended beyond what the official names might suggest. The National Scenic and Historic Interest Areas system still exists after the establishment of national parks in 2016.

See also

References

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  9. 姚似璐. "钱江源国家公园试点获批,地处浙皖赣交界、为唯一跨省域试点". 澎湃新闻 (in Chinese). 上海. Archived from the original on 2017-09-30. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
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