List of municipalities in Prince Edward Island

Prince Edward Island is the least populous province in Canada with 142,907 residents as of the 2016 census and is the smallest in land area at 5,686 km2 (2,195 sq mi).[1] Prince Edward Island's 63 municipalities were home to 70% of its population in 2016.[2][3][lower-alpha 1] These municipalities provide local government services to their residents in the form of fire protection, municipal planning services, and emergency measures planning.[4] The remaining unincorporated areas have no local government.[5]

Municipal statuses in Prince Edward Island include cities, towns, rural municipalities, and resort municipalities.[6] Under Prince Edward Island's Municipal Government Act of 2016, which came into force on December 23, 2017,[7] the formation of a municipality can be proposed by the Minister of Communities, Land and Environment (CLE), the council of an existing municipality, or a petition signed by 30% of the residents that would be the electors of the new municipality.[4] To be eligible for city or town status, certain minimum estimated population and total property assessment value criteria must be met.[4] If those criteria are not met, rural municipality status can be granted if it is the opinion of the Minister of CLE that it would be in the public interest.[4] The province's lone resort municipality that was established by order in council in 1990 continues as such in the Municipal Government Act but no new resort municipalities may be created.[6]

Prince Edward Island has two cities, ten towns, fifty communities and one resort municipality,[6][3] which are distributed across three counties Kings, Prince and Queens. Approximately 26% of residents live in the provincial capital of Charlottetown and another 24% live within the Charlottetown census agglomeration.[2]

Municipalities

Cities

Under the province's Municipal Government Act, a municipality may incorporate as a city if has an estimated population that meets or exceeds 15,000 and a total property assessment value that meets or exceeds $750-million.[4][6] Prince Edward Island has two cities.[3] Charlottetown is Prince Edward Island's capital and largest city both by population with 36,094 residents and by land area with 44.34 km2 (17.12 sq mi).[2] It forms the core of a census agglomeration that encompasses the middle of the island and is home to 69,325 residents, or 49% of the island's population.[8] The province's second city is Summerside, which is located on the west side of the island. It has a population of 14,829 and a land area of 28.49 km2 (11.00 sq mi).[2] Starting with the municipal elections in 2018, the cities will elect a mayor and eight councillors, though this could be increased to a mayor and ten councillors if enacted by municipal bylaw.[6]

Towns

Under the province's Municipal Government Act, a municipality may incorporate as a town if has an estimated population that meets or exceeds 4,000 but is less than 15,000, and a total property assessment value that meets or exceeds $200-million, but is less than $750-million.[4][6] Prince Edward Island has ten towns that are incorporated municipalities,[3] which had a cumulative population of 24,252 in the 2016 census.[2] The province's largest and smallest towns are Stratford and North Rustico with populations of 9,706 and 607 respectively.[2] Cornwall is Prince Edward Island's largest town by land area with 28.19 km2 (10.88 sq mi) and O'Leary is the province's smallest town by land area with 1.68 km2 (0.65 sq mi).[2] The province's newest town is Three Rivers, which incorporated as a town on September 28, 2018 through the amalgamation of the towns of Georgetown and Montague, five rural municipalities (Brudenell, Cardigan, Lorne Valley, Lower Montague, and Valleyfield), and portions of three adjacent unincorporated areas.[9] Starting with the municipal elections in 2018, the towns will elect a mayor and six councillors, though this could be increased to a mayor and eight councillors if enacted by municipal bylaw.[6]

Rural municipalities

Under the province's Municipal Government Act, municipalities that previously held community status under the previous Municipalities Act were carried forward as rural municipalities.[4][6][lower-alpha 2] With the amalgamation of Brackley and Winsloe South on December 15, 2017,[11] and then the Municipal Government Act coming into force eight days later on December 23, 2017,[7] Prince Edward Island had 58 communities that became rural municipalities.[6][3] On September 28, 2018, three amalgamations reduced the total amount of rural municipalities to 50.[9] As of the 2016 census, the province's largest and smallest rural municipalities are Belfast and Tignish Shore with populations of 1,670 and 57 respectively.[3][2] Starting with the municipal elections in 2018, the rural municipalities will elect a mayor and six councillors, though this could be increased to a mayor and eight councillors if enacted by municipal bylaw.[6]

Resort municipalities

Prince Edward Island has one municipality holding resort municipality status. The Resort Municipality of Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview, Cavendish and North Rustico was established as a resort municipality in 1990.[4] The province's Municipal Government Act allows this resort municipality to continue yet prevents the establishment of additional resort municipalities in the future.[4][6] Starting with the municipal elections in 2018, the province's lone resort municipality will elect a mayor and six councillors, though this could be increased to a mayor and eight councillors if enacted by municipal bylaw.[6]

List

Name County Municipal
status[6][3]
Incorporation
year[12]
2016 Census of Population
Population
(2016)[2][3]
Population
(2011)[2][3]
Change Land area
(km²)[2][3]
Population
density[2]
CharlottetownQueensCity1855[lower-alpha 3]36,094 34,562 +4.4%44.34814.0/km2
SummersidePrinceCity1877[lower-alpha 4]14,829 14,751 +0.5%28.49520.5/km2
AlbertonPrinceTown19131,145 1,135 +0.9%4.52253.3/km2
Borden-CarletonPrinceTown1995[lower-alpha 5]724 750 −3.5%12.9955.7/km2
CornwallQueensTown19955,348 5,162 +3.6%28.19189.7/km2
KensingtonPrinceTown19141,619 1,513 +7.0%3.01537.9/km2
North RusticoQueensTown1954[lower-alpha 6]607 583 +4.1%2.41251.9/km2
O'LearyPrinceTown1951[lower-alpha 7]815 812 +0.4%1.68485.1/km2
SourisKingsTown19101,053 1,173 −10.2%3.47303.5/km2
StratfordQueensTown19959,706 8,574 +13.2%22.53430.8/km2
Three RiversKingsTown[9]20184,519 4,707 −4.0%148.3731.7/km2
TignishPrinceTown[18]1952[lower-alpha 8]719 779 −7.7%5.87122.5/km2
Abram-VillagePrinceRural municipality1974272 267 +1.9%1.26215.9/km2
AftonQueensRural municipality19741,291 1,222 +5.6%39.832.4/km2
AlexandraQueensRural municipality1972221 224 −1.3%10.421.3/km2
Annandale-Little Pond-Howe BayKingsRural municipality1975211 262 −19.5%31.86.6/km2
Bedeque and AreaPrinceRural municipality2014302 310 −2.6%2.53119.4/km2
BelfastQueensRural municipality19721,670 1,637 +2.0%229.67.3/km2
BonshawQueensRural municipality1977187 218 −14.2%14.013.4/km2
BrackleyQueensRural municipality1983[lower-alpha 9]596 561 +6.2%18.3832.4/km2
BreadalbaneQueensRural municipality1991167 173 −3.5%12.5513.3/km2
Central KingsKingsRural municipality1975339 329 +3.0%73.74.6/km2
Central PrincePrinceRural municipality[9]20181,112 1,162 −4.3%133.28.3/km2
Clyde RiverQueensRural municipality1974653 576 +13.4%16.5239.5/km2
CrapaudQueensRural municipality1950319 345 −7.5%2.15148.4/km2
DarlingtonQueensRural municipality198391 109 −16.5%7.711.8/km2
Eastern KingsKingsRural municipality1974709 702 +1.0%141.05.0/km2
Greenmount-MontrosePrinceRural municipality1977266 258 +3.1%25.810.3/km2
HampshireQueensRural municipality1974335 420 −20.2%13.624.6/km2
HazelbrookQueensRural municipality1974183 172 +6.4%8.122.6/km2
Hunter RiverQueensRural municipality1974356 294 +21.1%5.9759.6/km2
KingstonQueensRural municipality19741,096 794 +38.0%48.022.8/km2
KinkoraPrinceRural municipality1955336 339 −0.9%3.8288.0/km2
LinkletterPrinceRural municipality1972310 320 −3.1%9.0834.1/km2
Lot 11 and AreaPrinceRural municipality1982613 635 −3.5%101.46.0/km2
Malpeque BayQueensRural municipality19731,030 1,029 +0.1%96.710.7/km2
MeadowbankQueensRural municipality1974355 338 +5.0%9.2938.2/km2
Miltonvale ParkQueensRural municipality19741,148 1,153 −0.4%35.4532.4/km2
MiminegashPrinceRural municipality1968148 173 −14.5%1.9077.9/km2
MiscouchePrinceRural municipality1957873 869 +0.5%3.45253.0/km2
MorellKingsRural municipality1953297 313 −5.1%1.46203.4/km2
Mount StewartQueensRural municipality1953209 225 −7.1%1.22171.3/km2
Murray HarbourKingsRural municipality1953258 320 −19.4%3.8966.3/km2
Murray RiverKingsRural municipality1955304 334 −9.0%1.47206.8/km2
New Haven-RiverdaleQueensRural municipality1974520 485 +7.2%21.724.0/km2
North ShoreQueensRural municipality19742,080 1,901 +9.4%71.429.1/km2
North WiltshireQueensRural municipality1974189 182 +3.8%12.315.4/km2
NorthportPrinceRural municipality1974186 188 −1.1%1.8103.3/km2
SherbrookePrinceRural municipality1972159 172 −7.6%8.8518.0/km2
Souris WestKingsRural municipality1972399 399 0.0%7.751.8/km2
St. FelixPrinceRural municipality1977333 348 −4.3%11.429.2/km2
St. LouisPrinceRural municipality196466 51 +29.4%0.62106.5/km2
St. NicholasPrinceRural municipality1991211 198 +6.6%20.610.2/km2
St. Peters BayKingsRural municipality1953237 253 −6.3%4.2755.5/km2
Tignish ShorePrinceRural municipality197557 73 −21.9%1.538.0/km2
Tyne ValleyPrinceRural municipality1966249 222 +12.2%1.72144.8/km2
Union RoadQueensRural municipality1977204 235 −13.2%9.9720.5/km2
VictoriaQueensRural municipality195174 104 −28.8%1.4650.7/km2
Warren GroveQueensRural municipality1985356 367 −3.0%10.1835.0/km2
WellingtonPrinceRural municipality1959415 409 +1.5%1.78233.1/km2
West RiverQueensRural municipality1974801 741 +8.1%34.823.0/km2
YorkQueensRural municipality1986408 284 +43.7%12.432.9/km2
Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview,
Cavendish and North Rustico
[lower-alpha 10]
QueensResort municipality1990328 266 +23.3%37.798.7/km2
Total cities 50,923 49,313 +3.3% 72.83 699.2/km2
Total towns 26,255 25,188 +4.2% 233.04 112.7/km2
Total rural municipalities 23,201 22,695 +2.2% 1,250.02 18.6/km2
Total resort municipalities 328 266 +23.3% 37.79 8.7/km2
Total municipalities 100,707 97,462 +3.3% 1,683.10 59.8/km2
Province of Prince Edward Island 142,907 140,204 +1.9% 5,686.03 25.1/km2

See also

Notes

  1. The remaining 30% of Prince Edward Island's population resides in unincorporated areas or on Indian reserves.[2][3]
  2. Prior to the Municipalities Act, incorporated communities were previously designated either villages or community improvement committees.[10]
  3. On April 1, 1995, the Charlottetown Area Municipalities Act amalgamated the Town of Parkdale and the adjacent incorporated communities of East Royalty, Hillsborough Park, Sherwood, West Royalty, and Winsloe with the City of Charlottetown.[13]
  4. Summerside incorporated as a city on April 1, 1995 upon amalgamating with the incorporated communities of St. Eleanors and Wilmot.[14]
  5. Borden-Carlton incorporated as a town on July 31, 2012.[15]
  6. North Rustico incorporated as a town on November 16, 2013.[16]
  7. O'Leary incorporated as a town on March 11, 2014.[17]
  8. Tignish incorporated as a town on April 1, 2017.[18]
  9. Brackley amalgamated with Winsloe South on December 15, 2017.[11] Winsloe South originally incorporated in 1986.[19]
  10. Official legal name is the "Resort Municipality of Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview, Cavendish and North Rustico.[4]

References

  1. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data". Statistics Canada. August 28, 2017. Retrieved December 27, 2017.
  2. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Prince Edward Island)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 11, 2017.
  3. "Prince Edward Island Municipal Boundaries" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Communities, Land and Environment. December 23, 2017. Retrieved December 29, 2017.
  4. "Chapter 44 (Bill No. 58): Municipal Government Act" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Queen's Printer. December 15, 2016. Retrieved December 26, 2017.
  5. "Canada – Prince Edward Island Agreement Municipal Strategic Component 2014 - 2019 Guidelines and Criteria" (PDF). Government of Prince Edward Island. March 2016. Retrieved December 29, 2017.
  6. "Existing Municipalities and New Municipalities Municipal Government Act". Government of Prince Edward Island. January 6, 2017. Archived from the original on December 1, 2017. Retrieved December 26, 2017.
  7. "EC2017747: Municipal Government Act Proclamation" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Executive Council. December 12, 2017. p. 414. Retrieved December 26, 2017.
  8. "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Charlottetown [Census agglomeration], Prince Edward Island and Prince Edward Island [Province]". Statistics Canada. November 16, 2017. Retrieved December 27, 2017.
  9. "EC2018584, EC2018585 and EC2018586" (PDF). Government of Prince Edward Island Executive Council. September 25, 2018. pp. 321–327. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
  10. "Municipalities Act" (PDF). Legislative Counsel Office. December 6, 2013. Retrieved November 1, 2014.
  11. "EC2017746: Municipalities Act (Community of Brackley and Community of Winsloe South Amalgamation)" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Executive Council. December 12, 2017. pp. 413–414. Retrieved December 26, 2017.
  12. "Municipal Affairs and Provincial Planning". Department of Finance, Energy and Municipal Affairs. Archived from the original on February 22, 2015. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
  13. "PlaceFinder Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island". Government of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved December 29, 2017.
  14. "Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries, Status and Names: January 2, 1991 to January 1, 1996" (PDF). Statistics Canada. February 1997. p. 45. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
  15. "EC2012443: Municipalities Act (Community of Borden-Carleton Change of Status of Municipality from Community to Town Approved)" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Executive Council. July 31, 2012. p. 261. Retrieved November 24, 2013.
  16. "EC2013782: Municipalities Act (Community of North Rustico Change of Status of Municipality from Community to Town Approved)" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Executive Council. November 5, 2013. p. 532. Retrieved November 24, 2013.
  17. "EC2014142: Municipalities Act (Community of O'Leary Change of Status of Municipality from Community to Town Approved)" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Executive Council. March 11, 2014. p. 72. Retrieved December 29, 2017.
  18. Kevin Yarr (March 29, 2017). "Tignish to become a town". CBC. Retrieved December 25, 2017.
  19. "PlaceFinder Winsloe South, Prince Edward Island". Government of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved December 29, 2017.
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