List of monarchs of Hawaii
Kamehameha I established the Kingdom of Hawaii in 1795 after conquering most of the Hawaiian archipelago. In 1810, Kaumualii became a vassal of Kamehameha I, who therefore emerged as the sole sovereign of the island chain of Hawaiʻi. His dynasty lasted until 1872, and his Kingdom lasted until 1893, when Queen Liliuokalani, of the Kalākaua Dynasty, was deposed by the pro-United States led overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii. The monarchy was officially ended on January 24, 1895, when Liliuokalani formally abdicated in response to an attempt to restore the royal government. On November 23, 1993, the Congress passed Public Law 103-150, also known as the Apology Resolution, acknowledging the American role in the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy. President Bill Clinton signed the joint resolution the same day.
|Monarchy of Hawaiʻi|
Royal Coat of Arms (1845)
|First monarch||Kamehameha I|
|Abolition||1893 (de facto)|
1895 (de jure)
|Residence||ʻIolani Palace (1845–1893)|
Hawaiian Monarchs (1795–1893)
Spring, 1795 – May 8, 1819
Moʻokini Heiau, Kohala, Hawaiʻi island
son of Keōua and Kekuʻiapoiwa
|various||May 8, 1819|
Kamakahonu, Kailua-Kona, Kona, Hawaiʻi island
May 20, 1819 – July 14, 1824
Hilo, Hawaiʻi island
son of Kamehameha I and Keōpūolani
(6) Kekai Haʻakulou
|July 14, 1824|
Caledonian Hotel, London, England
June 6, 1825 – December 15, 1854
|August 11, 1813
Keauhou Bay, North Kona, Hawaiʻi island
son of Kamehameha I and Keōpūolani
14 February 1837
|December 15, 1854|
January 11, 1855 – November 30, 1863
|February 9, 1834
biological son of Kekūanāoʻa and Kīnaʻu and hānai son of Kamehameha III and Kalama
Kawaiahaʻo Church, Honolulu, Oʻahu
19 June 1856
|November 30, 1863|
November 30, 1863 – December 11, 1872
|December 11, 1830
biological son of Kekūanāoʻa and Kīnaʻu and hānai son of Nāhiʻenaʻena (later) Hoapili and Kaheiheimālie
|Never married||December 11, 1872|
ʻIolani Palace, Honolulu, Oʻahu
January 8, 1873 – February 3, 1874
|January 31, 1835
Pohukaina, Honolulu, Oʻahu
son of Kanaʻina and Kekāuluohi
|Never married||February 3, 1874|
Haimoeipo, Honolulu, Oʻahu
February 12, 1874 – January 20, 1891
|November 16, 1836
biological son of Kapaʻakea and Keohokālole and hānai son of Kinimaka and Haʻaheo
December 19, 1863
|January 20, 1891|
Palace Hotel, San Francisco, California, United States
January 29, 1891 – January 17, 1893
|September 2, 1838
biological daughter of Kapaʻakea and Keohokālole and hānai daughter of Pākī and Kōnia
|John Owen Dominis
ʻAikupika, Haleakala Estate, Honolulu, Oʻahu
September 16, 1862
|November 11, 1917|
Washington Place, Honolulu, Oʻahu
|1795–1852||Hawaiian: Aliʻi Nui
English: High Chief
Meaning: Originally meaning "Great Chief" of a single island (not the same as a European king)
|1852–1887||Hawaiian: Aliʻi o ko Hawaiʻi Pae ʻAina
English: Monarch of the Hawaiian Islands
|1863–1887||Hawaiian: Ma ka Lokomaikaʻi o ke Akua, Ke Aliʻi o ko Hawaiʻi Pae ʻAina
English: By the grace of God, the Monarch of the Hawaiian Islands
|1887–1891||Hawaiian: Ma ka Lokomaikaʻi o ke Akua, Moʻi o ko Hawaiʻi Pae ʻAina
English: By the grace of God, King of the Hawaiian Islands
|1891–1893||Hawaiian: Ma ka Lokomaikaʻi o ke Akua, Moʻi Wahine o ko Hawaiʻi Pae ʻAina
English: By the grace of God, Queen of the Hawaiian Islands
- Roger S. Gottlieb (November 7, 2003). This Sacred Earth: Religion, Nature, Environment. Routledge. pp. 126–. ISBN 978-1-136-91539-0.
- Mary Māmaka Kaiao Kuleana kope. "Hawaiian Dictionaries". University of Hawaii Press. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
- e. Craighill Handy (December 15, 1989). Ancient Hawaiian Civilization: A Series of Lectures Delivered at THE KAMEHAMEHA SCHOOLS. Tuttle Publishing. pp. 33–34. ISBN 978-1-4629-0438-9.
- Margaret Jolly (1989). Family and Gender in the Pacific: Domestic Contradictions and the Colonial Impact. Cambridge University Press. pp. 50–. ISBN 978-0-521-34667-2.
- Alexander, William DeWitt (1891). "Appendix H: Sovereigns of the Hawaiian Islands". A Brief History of the Hawaiian People. New York: American Book Company. p. 331. OCLC 187412143.
- Cartwright, Bruce (1930). "Note on Hawaiian Genealogies". Hawaiian Historical Society. Hawaiian Historical Society: 45–47.
- Kamakau, Samuel (1992) . Ruling Chiefs of Hawaii (Revised ed.). Honolulu: Kamehameha Schools Press. ISBN 0-87336-014-1. OCLC 25008795.
- Kuykendall, Ralph Simpson (1965) . The Hawaiian Kingdom 1778–1854, Foundation and Transformation. 1. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 0-87022-431-X. OCLC 47008868.
- Kuykendall, Ralph Simpson (1953). The Hawaiian Kingdom 1854–1874, Twenty Critical Years. 2. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-87022-432-4. OCLC 47010821.
- Kuykendall, Ralph Simpson (1967). The Hawaiian Kingdom 1874–1893, The Kalakaua Dynasty. 3. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-87022-433-1. OCLC 500374815.
- Osorio, Jon Kamakawiwoʻole (2002). Dismembering Lāhui: A History of the Hawaiian Nation to 1887. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 0-8248-2549-7. OCLC 48579247.
- Taylor, Albert Pierce (1922). Under Hawaiian Skies: A Narrative of the Romance, Adventure and History of the Hawaiian Islands. Honolulu: Advertiser Publishing Company, Ltd. p. 399. OCLC 479709.