List of mayors of Montreal
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Mayors of Montreal
|Name||Executive Committee Chairman||Election||Party||Popular Vote||Council Seats|
|Jacques Viger||N/A||1835 (suspended 1836)||N/A||N/A|
|John Easton Mills||N/A||1846 (A May 11, 1846 court judgement removed James Ferrier from office and appointed John Easton Mills to succeed him)||N/A||N/A|
|John Easton Mills||N/A||1847||N/A||N/A|
|Joseph Bourret||N/A||1847 (John Easton Mills died in office on November 12, 1847. Joseph Bourret was appointed Mayor Pro Tempore by the Members of the City Council.||N/A||N/A|
|William Hales Hingston||N/A||1875||N/A||88%|
|William Hales Hingston||N/A||1876||N/A||unopposed|
|Henry Archer Ekers||N/A||1906||N/A||56%|
|James John Guerin||N/A||1910||N/A||64%|
|Médéric Martin||Joseph-Adélard Brodeur||1921||N/A||71%|
|Charles Duquette||Joseph-Adélard Brodeur||1924||N/A||51%|
|Médéric Martin||Joseph-Adélard Brodeur (until 1927)
Alphonse-Avila Desroches (as of 1927)
|Camillien Houde||Alphonse-Avila Desroches||1928||N/A||61%|
|Camillien Houde||Tancrède Fortin||1930||N/A||67%|
|Fernand Rinfret||Joseph-Maurice Gabias||1932||N/A||51%|
|Camillien Houde||Joseph-Marie Savignac||1934||N/A||63%|
|Adhémar Raynault||Ovide Taillefer||1936||N/A||44%|
|Camillien Houde||Joseph-Marie Savignac||1938||N/A||56%|
|Adhémar Raynault||J.-Omer Asselin||1940||N/A||25%|
|Adhémar Raynault||J.-Omer Asselin||1942||N/A||60%|
|Camillien Houde||J.-Omer Asselin||1944||N/A||57%|
|Camillien Houde||J.-Omer Asselin||1947||N/A||unopposed|
|Camillien Houde||J.-Omer Asselin||1950||N/A||67%|
|Jean Drapeau||Pierre DesMarais||1954||Ligue d'Action Civique||50%||28/99|
|Sarto Fournier||Joseph-Marie Savignac||1957||Ralliement du Grand Montréal||51%|
|Jean Drapeau||Lucien Saulnier||1960||Parti Civique (Civic Party)||53%||44/66|
|Jean Drapeau||Lucien Saulnier||1962||Parti Civique (Civic Party)||88%||39/45|
|Jean Drapeau||Lucien Saulnier||1966||Parti Civique (Civic Party)||94%||45/48|
|Jean Drapeau||Gérard Niding||1970||Parti Civique (Civic Party)||92%||52/52|
|Jean Drapeau||Gérard Niding||1974||Parti Civique (Civic Party)||55%||37/55|
|Jean Drapeau||Yvon Lamarre||1978||Parti Civique (Civic Party)||61%||52/54|
|Jean Drapeau||Yvon Lamarre||1982||Parti Civique (Civic Party)||48%||39/57|
|Jean Doré||Michael Fainstat||1986||RCM (MCM)||68%||55/58|
|Jean Doré||Léa Cousineau||1990||RCM (MCM)||59%||41/50|
|Pierre Bourque||Noushig Eloyan||1994||Vision Montreal||47%||39/51|
|Pierre Bourque||Jean Fortier||1998||Vision Montreal||44%||39/51|
|Gérald Tremblay||Frank Zampino||2001||UCIM (MICU)||49%||41/73|
|Gérald Tremblay||Frank Zampino (until 2008)
Claude Dauphin (as of 2008)
|2005||UCIM (MICU) (until 2007)
Union Montreal (as of 2007)
|Gérald Tremblay||Gérald Tremblay (until 2011)
Michael Applebaum (as of 2011)
(resigned November 5, 2012)
||Laurent Blanchard||November 16, 2012 (council vote)
(resigned June 18, 2013)
||Josée Duplessis||June 25, 2013 (council vote)||Independent||n/a||n/a|
|Denis Coderre||Pierre Desrochers||2013||Équipe Denis Coderre||32%||27/65|
|Valérie Plante||Benoit Dorais||2017||Projet Montréal||51%||34/65|
Applebaum is the most recent non-francophone mayor, the last being James John Edmund Guerin in 1912. Applebaum is the first Jewish mayor for the city with previous holders either French Canadian, Scottish, Irish or English descent.
Living Former Mayors
With the death of Jean Doré as of June 16, 2015 the list of former mayors still living:
- Pierre Bourque, age 77
- Gérald Tremblay, age 77
- Michael Applebaum, age 56
- Laurent Blanchard, age 66
- Denis Coderre, age 56
- The Executive Committee of Montreal was established in 1921.
- The first municipal political parties of Montreal were established in the early 1950s.
- Jacques Viger was a founding member of both the Société Saint-Jean-Baptiste in 1834 and the Société historique de Montréal in 1857.
- The Tory government of Lower Canada was concerned with the sympathy of city officials for the Parti Patriote and suspended Montreal’s municipal institutions in 1836. By 1840, Montreal’s local affairs were managed by Special Council of Lower Canada Peter McGill.
- Joseph Bourret was a Member of the colony's upper house from 1848 until his death in 1859. He also served as a Cabinet Member in the Reform Ministry of Robert Baldwin and Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine.
- James Ferrier was appointed to the colony's upper house in 1847 and served as a Conservative Senator representing the division of Shawinegan from 1867 until his death in 1888.
- A May 11, 1846 court judgement removed James Ferrier from office and appointed John Easton Mills to succeed him.
- John Easton Mills died in office on November 12, 1847. Joseph Bourret was appointed Mayor Pro Tempore by the Members of the City Council.
- Charles Wilson was appointed to the colony's upper house in 1852 and served as a Conservative Senator from 1867 until his death in 1877.
- In 1852, Charles Wilson became the first mayor of Montreal who was elected directly by popular vote. Prior to his election, mayors were appointed by the members of the City Council.
- Wolfred Nelson was the Parti Canadien Member of the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada for the district of William Henry from 1827 to 1830 and the Reform Member of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada for the district of Richelieu from 1844 to 1851.
- Henry Starnes was the Member of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada for the district of Châteauguay from 1858 to 1863. He was appointed to the provincial upper house in 1867 and served until his death in 1896.
- Charles-Séraphin Rodier was a Conservative Member of the province's upper house from 1867 until his death in 1876.
- Charles-Séraphin Rodier lost the 1862 mayoral election.
- Jean-Louis Beaudry lost the 1866 mayoral election.
- Francis Cassidy became the Conservative Member of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec for the district of Montréal-Ouest in 1871. He died in office on June 14, 1873 and Aldis Bernard was appointed by the Members of the City Council to succeed him.
- Jean-Louis Beaudry lost the 1879 mayoral election.
- Jean-Louis Beaudry lost the 1885 mayoral election.
- John Abbott was the Conservative Member of the House of Commons for the district of Argenteuil from 1867 to 1874 and from 1880 to 1887. He also served as Prime Minister of Canada from 1891 until his death in 1892. Resigned as mayor in 1888.
- Jacques Grenier unsuccessfully ran as the Liberal candidate to the Legislative Assembly of Quebec in the district of Montréal-Est in 1878, but lost against Louis-Olivier Taillon.
- Jacques Grenier lost the 1891 mayoral election.
- James McShane was the Liberal Member of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec for the district of Montréal-Ouest from 1878 to 1892, a Member of the Cabinet from 1887 to 1888 and the Liberal Member of the House of Commons for the district of Montreal Centre from 1895 to 1896.
- James McShane lost the 1893 mayoral election.
- Alphonse Desjardins bore the same name as the founder of Mouvement Desjardins.
- Raymond Préfontaine dropped from the 1902 mayoral election.
- James Cochrane was the Liberal Member of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec for the district of Montréal n° 4 from 1900 until his death in 1905.
- James John Guerin was the Liberal Member of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec for the district of Montréal n° 6 from 1895 to 1904, a Member of the Cabinet by 1897 and the Liberal Member of the House of Commons for the district of Sainte-Anne from 1925 to 1930.
- Médéric Martin was the Liberal Member of the House of Commons for the district of Sainte-Marie from 1906 to 1917. He was appointed to the provincial upper house in 1919 and served until his death in 1946.
- Médéric Martin lost the 1924 mayoral election.
- Médéric Martin lost the 1928 mayoral election.
- Camillien Houde was the Member of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec for the district of Montréal-Sainte-Marie from 1923 to 1927, from 1928 to 1931 and from 1939 to 1944. He sat as a Conservative and then as an Independent.
- Camillien Houde lost the 1932 mayoral election.
- Camillien Houde lost the 1936 mayoral election.
- During World War II, Houde publicly urged the men of Quebec to ignore the National Registration Act. In August 1940, he was placed under arrest by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police on charges of sedition. After being found guilty, he was confined in internment camps in Petawawa, Ontario and Ripples, New Brunswick until 1944. He was not a candidate for re-election in 1940.
- Adhémar Raynault was the Union Nationale Member of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec for the district of L'Assomption from 1936 to 1939.
- Adhémar Raynault lost the 1944 mayoral election.
- Jean Drapeau lost the 1957 mayoral election.
- Sarto Fournier was a Liberal Senator from 1953 until his death in 1980. He was elected mayor with the support of Premier Maurice Duplessis' Union Nationale organization. Fournier lost the 1960 mayoral election.
- Jean Doré lost the 1994 mayoral election.
- Pierre Bourque lost the 2001 mayoral election. In 2003, he unsuccessfully ran as the ADQ candidate to the National Assembly of Quebec in the district of Bourget.
- Gérald Tremblay was the Liberal Member of the National Assembly of Quebec for the district of Outremont and a Member of the Cabinet from 1989 to 1996.