List of marquesses in the peerages of Britain and Ireland

This is a list of the 34 present and extant marquesses in the peerages of the Kingdom of England, Kingdom of Scotland, Kingdom of Great Britain, Kingdom of Ireland, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland which became the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in 1922. Note that it does not mention any Marquessates held as a subsidiary title of a Duke. For a more complete listing, which adds these "hidden" Marquessates as well as extant, extinct, dormant, abeyant, and forfeit ones, see List of Marquessates.

Peerages and baronetcies of Britain and Ireland
ExtantAll
DukesDukedoms
MarquessesMarquessates
EarlsEarldoms
ViscountsViscountcies
BaronsBaronies
BaronetsBaronetcies

They were a relatively late introduction to the British peerage, and on the evening of the Coronation of Queen Victoria in 1838, the Prime Minister Lord Melbourne explained to her why (from her journals):

"I spoke to Ld M. about the numbers of Peers present at the Coronation, & he said it was quite unprecedented. I observed that there were very few Viscounts, to which he replied "There are very few Viscounts," that they were an odd sort of title & not really English; that they came from Vice-Comites; that Dukes & Barons were the only real English titles; — that Marquises were likewise not English, & that people were mere made Marquises, when it was not wished that they should be made Dukes".[1]

Order of precedence

The general order of precedence among Marquesses is:

  1. Marquesses in the Peerage of England
  2. Marquesses in the Peerage of Scotland
  3. Marquesses in the Peerage of Great Britain
  4. Marquesses in the Peerage of Ireland created before 1801
  5. Marquesses in the Peerage of the United Kingdom and Marquesses in the Peerage of Ireland created after 1801

Marquesses in the peerages of Britain and Ireland

Number Title Date of creation Arms Current holder Peerage Notes
1.The Marquess of Winchester1551Nigel Paulet, 18th Marquess of WinchesterEngland
2.The Marquess of Huntly1599Granville Gordon, 13th Marquess of HuntlyScotland
3.The Marquess of Queensberry1682David Douglas, 12th Marquess of QueensberryScotland
4.The Marquess of Tweeddale1694David Hay, 14th Marquess of TweeddaleScotland
5.The Marquess of Lothian1701Michael Kerr, 13th Marquess of Lothian (known as Michael Ancram)ScotlandCurrent Marquess has the Life Peerage Baron Kerr of Monteviot, of Monteviot in Roxburghshire (UK, 2010).[2]
6.The Marquess of Lansdowne1784Charles Petty-Fitzmaurice, 9th Marquess of LansdowneGreat Britain
7.The Marquess Townshend1787Charles Townshend, 8th Marquess TownshendGreat Britain
8.The Marquess of Salisbury1789Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 7th Marquess of SalisburyGreat BritainCurrent Marquess has the Life Peerage Baron Gascoyne-Cecil, of Essendon in the County of Rutland (UK, 1999).[3]
9.The Marquess of Bath1789Alexander Thynn, 7th Marquess of BathGreat Britain
10.The Marquess of Hertford1793Henry Seymour, 9th Marquess of HertfordGreat Britain
11.The Marquess of Bute1796John Crichton-Stuart, 7th Marquess of ButeGreat Britain
12.The Marquess of Waterford1789Henry Beresford, 9th Marquess of WaterfordIreland
13.The Marquess of Downshire1789Nicholas Hill, 9th Marquess of DownshireIreland
14.The Marquess of Donegall1791Patrick Chichester, 8th Marquess of DonegallIreland
15.The Marquess of Headfort1800Thomas Taylour, 7th Marquess of HeadfortIreland
16.The Marquess of Sligo1800Sebastian Browne, 12th Marquess of SligoIreland
17.The Marquess of Ely1800John Tottenham, 9th Marquess of ElyIreland
18.The Marquess of Exeter1801Michael Cecil, 8th Marquess of ExeterUnited Kingdom
19.The Marquess of Northampton1812Spencer Compton, 7th Marquess of NorthamptonUnited Kingdom
20.The Marquess Camden1812David Pratt, 6th Marquess CamdenUnited Kingdom
21.The Marquess of Anglesey1815Charles Paget, 8th Marquess of AngleseyUnited Kingdom
22.The Marquess of Cholmondeley1815David Cholmondeley, 7th Marquess of CholmondeleyUnited KingdomHolds higher rank as Lord Great Chamberlain
23.The Marquess of Londonderry1816 [Notes 1]Frederick Aubrey Vane-Tempest-Stewart, 10th Marquess of LondonderryIreland
24.The Marquess Conyngham1816 [Notes 2]Henry Conyngham, 8th Marquess ConynghamIreland
25.The Marquess of Ailesbury1821Michael Brudenell-Bruce, 8th Marquess of AilesburyUnited Kingdom
26.The Marquess of Bristol1826Frederick Hervey, 8th Marquess of BristolUnited Kingdom
27.The Marquess of Ailsa1831David Kennedy, 9th Marquess of AilsaUnited Kingdom
28.The Marquess of Normanby1838Constantine Phipps, 5th Marquess of NormanbyUnited Kingdom
29.The Marquess of Abergavenny1876Christopher Nevill, 6th Marquess of AbergavennyUnited Kingdom
30.The Marquess of Zetland1892Mark Dundas, 4th Marquess of ZetlandUnited Kingdom
31.The Marquess of Linlithgow1902Adrian Hope, 4th Marquess of LinlithgowUnited Kingdom
32.The Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair1916Alexander Gordon, 7th Marquess of Aberdeen and TemairUnited Kingdom
33.The Marquess of Milford Haven1917George Mountbatten, 4th Marquess of Milford HavenUnited Kingdom
34.The Marquess of Reading1926Simon Isaacs, 4th Marquess of ReadingUnited Kingdom

List of heirs of Marquesses in the Peerages of the British Isles

Heirs apparent

  1. Christopher Paulet, Earl of Wiltshire, eldest son of the Marquess of Winchester
  2. Alastair Gordon, Earl of Aboyne, only son of the Marquess of Huntly
  3. Sholto Douglas, Viscount Drumlanrig, eldest legitimate son of the Marquess of Queensberry
  4. Simon Petty-FitzMaurice, Earl of Kerry, elder son of the Marquess of Lansdowne
  5. Thomas Townshend, Viscount Raynham, only son of the Marquess Townshend
  6. Ceawlin Thynn, Viscount Weymouth, only son of the Marquess of Bath
  7. William Seymour, Earl of Yarmouth, elder son of the Marquess of Hertford
  8. John Crichton-Stuart, Earl of Dumfries, only son of the Marquess of Bute
  9. Richard de la Poer Beresford, Earl of Tyrone, elder son of the Marquess of Waterford
  10. Edmund Hill, Earl of Hillsborough, only son of the Marquess of Downshire
  11. James Chichester, Earl of Belfast, only son of the Marquess of Donegall
  12. Thomas Taylour, Earl of Bective, elder son of the Marquess of Headfort
  13. Christopher Browne, Earl of Altamont, only son of the Marquess of Sligo
  14. Anthony Cecil, Lord Burghley, only son of the Marquess of Exeter
  15. Daniel Compton, Earl Compton, only son of the Marquess of Northampton
  16. James Pratt, Earl of Brecknock, elder son of the Marquess Camden
  17. Benedict Paget, Earl of Uxbridge, only son of the Marquess of Anglesey
  18. Alexander Cholmondeley, Earl of Rocksavage, elder son of the Marquess of Cholmondeley
  19. Alexander Conyngham, Earl of Mount Charles, elder son of the Marquess Conyngham
  20. David Brudenell-Bruce, Earl of Cardigan, only son of the Marquess of Ailesbury
  21. Archibald Kennedy, Earl of Cassilis, only son of the Marquess of Ailsa
  22. John Phipps, Earl of Mulgrave, elder son of the Marquess of Normanby
  23. Robin Dundas, Earl of Ronaldshay, elder son of the Marquess of Zetland
  24. Andrew Hope, Earl of Hopetoun, eldest son of the Marquess of Linlithgow
  25. George Gordon, Earl of Haddo, eldest son of the Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair
  26. Henry Mountbatten, Earl of Medina, only son of the Marquess of Milford Haven
  27. Julian Isaacs, Viscount Erleigh, only son of the Marquess of Reading

Heirs presumptive

  1. Lord Anthony Hay is brother and heir-presumptive of the Marquess of Tweeddale
  2. Lord Ralph Kerr is brother and heir presumptive of the Marquess of Lothian
  3. Lord Timothy Tottenham is brother and heir-presumptive of the Marquess of Ely
  4. Lord Reginald Vane-Tempest-Stuart is brother and heir-presumptive of the Marquess of Londonderry
  5. Timothy Hervey is kinsman and heir-presumptive of the Marquess of Bristol

Marquesses without heirs

  1. The Marquess of Abergavenny is without an heir.

See also

References

  1. Queen Victoria's Journals, Thursday 28th June 1838, Buckingham Palace, Princess Beatrice's copies, Volume:4 (1st June 1838-1st October 1838) p. 84, online, accessed May 25, 2013
  2. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/notice/L-59614-1254234
  3. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/notice/L-55676-1002
  1. The Marquess of Londonderry was created after the Acts of Union 1800. It takes precedence after earlier Marquessates of the United Kingdom.
  2. The Marquess of Conyngham was created after the Acts of Union 1800. It takes precedence after earlier Marquessates of the United Kingdom.
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