List of major power outages

This is a list of notable wide-scale power outages. To be included, the power outage must conform to all of the following criteria:

  1. The outage must not be planned by the service provider.
  2. The outage must affect at least 1,000 people and last at least one hour.
  3. There must be at least 1,000,000 person-hours of disruption.

In other words:

  • 1,000 people affected for 1,000 hours (42 days) minimum, but if fewer than 1,000 people, event would not be included (regardless of duration).
  • One million people affected for a minimum of one hour, but if duration is less than one hour, event would not be included (regardless of number of people).
  • For example, 10,000 people affected for 100 hours or 100,000 for 10 hours would be the minimum to be included.


article people affected
location date references
2012 India blackouts 620 India July 30–31, 2012 [1][2][3]
2001 India blackout 230 India January 2, 2001
2014 Bangladesh blackout 150 Bangladesh November 1, 2014 [4]
2015 Pakistan blackout 140 Pakistan January 26, 2015 [5]
2019 Java blackout 120 Indonesia August 4–5, 2019 [6][7][8][9]
2005 Java–Bali blackout 100 Indonesia August 18, 2005 [10]
1999 Southern Brazil blackout 97 Brazil March 11–June 22, 1999 [11]
2009 Brazil and Paraguay blackout 60 Brazil, Paraguay November 10–20, 2009 [12]
2003 Italy blackout 56 Italy, Switzerland September 28, 2003 [13]
Northeast blackout of 2003 55 United States, Canada August 14–28, 2003 [14]
2019 Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay blackout 48 Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay June 16, 2019 [15]
2002 Luzon blackout 40 Philippines May 21, 2002 [16]
1978 Thailand blackout 40 Thailand March 18, 1978 [17]
2001 Luzon blackout 35 Philippines April 7, 2001 [18]
Northeast blackout of 1965 30 United States, Canada November 9, 1965 [19]
2019 Venezuelan blackouts 30 Venezuela March 7–ongoing [20][21][22][23]
2016 Sri Lanka blackout 21 Sri Lanka March 13, 2016 [24]


article people affected


location length (in customer-hours) references
2013 Philippines blackouts 6.7 Philippines 6.3 billion hours [25]
2017 Puerto Rico blackouts 1.5 Puerto Rico 3.4 billion hours [26]
2019 Venezuelan blackouts 30 Venezuela >3.2 billion hours [22]



On the evening of November 9, the Northeast blackout of 1965 affected portions of seven northeastern states in the United States and the province of Ontario in Canada.


On August 5, a 50-mile stretch of Florida's gold coast was hit with a general power failure after an explosion at the Cutler Ridge facility. The outage affected more than 2 million people, and created a vast traffic jam. Miami and Ft. Lauderdale downtown areas were offline for almost two hours, with other areas dark for much longer periods.[27]



On the evening of February 2, power in parts of the New York City boroughs of Manhattan, The Bronx and Queens was lost following an explosion at Con Ed's Waterside power facility on 40th Street and 1st Avenue in Manhattan. New York City television and FM radio stations that transmit from the Empire State Building were off the air. AM radio stations were largely unaffected, as most of their transmitters were located in either Northern New Jersey (e.g. WABC-AM) or on High Island (e.g. WCBS-AM) in the Bronx, which was not affected by the blackout. However, several Manhattan AM station studios were affected due to insufficient power backups. Several lines of the New York City IND and IRT subway lines were affected, stranding passengers. At Grand Central Terminal power in the terminal was lost, but power on the tracks was retained because it runs on direct current. The New York Daily News was also affected when the blackout caused their printing facility to halt operations.[28]


On July 4, a major power failure affected most of Utah and parts of Wyoming for 1.5 to 6 hours.[29]


On May 10, a nationwide blackout that lasted 5 hours affected Romania, causing US$1 billion losses, larger than the earthquake that had hit the country on March 4. The subsequent investigations showed it had been caused by a human error.

On May 17, parts of South Florida were blacked-out after a malfunctioning relay caused the Turkey Point Nuclear Generating Station in Miami to go offline.[30]

On July 13–14 in New York City, 9 million people were affected by a power outage. It was a result of a transmission failure due to a lightning-strike on power lines. A second lightning-strike caused the loss of two more overhead power lines, and the last power connection between New York City and the Northwest. The power outage resulted in high instances of looting occurring over 26 hours.[31]

On September 20, a power outage covered almost the entire province of Quebec, affecting 6 million people. Power was restored to scattered rural areas within an hour and service was brought back to parts of Montreal and Quebec City within 2 hours; it took several hours to fully restore power.[32]


On March 18, Thailand experienced a countrywide blackout as a result of failed generators in the South Pranakhorn Powerplant in Samut Prakan, which then caused many generators across the country to shut down. The failure started at 7:40 am (GMT+7). Before the isolation of the power grid, blackouts occurred in the northern provinces of Thailand for one hour, the northwestern provinces for 15 minutes, the southern provinces for half an hour, the central provinces for one hour, and Bangkok and its neighboring provinces for more than two hours. Within nine hours and 20 minutes, the authorities were able to restore power across the country.



On January 8, prisoners on a work assignment burning trash and debris at the Utah State Prison in Draper, Utah, accidentally caused a major power failure when something they were burning exploded, causing a fireball that shorted out transmission lines above them. 1.5 million people lost power, in almost all of Utah, as well as parts of southeastern Idaho and southwestern Wyoming.[33]


On December 22, a transmission tower near Tracy, California collapsed onto an adjacent tower bringing down two 500-kV lines and a pair of 230-kV lines that passed underneath the 500-kV right of way. Total loss of 12,530 MW affected approximately five million people on the west coast.[34][35]


On December 27, two-thirds of the Swedish network was shut down when a single component in a switching station failed, causing a short-circuit in a transformer. This affected about 4.5 million people in the more densely populated southern half of Sweden.[36][37]


On May 17, most of South Florida was blacked-out after a brush fire in the Everglades damaged overhead transmission lines. Miami, Fort Lauderdale, West Palm Beach, and the Florida Keys lost power for about 3.5 hours. About 4.5 million people were affected.[38]


On October 16, the Great Storm of 1987 interrupted the High Voltage Cross-Channel Link between the UK and France. The storm caused a domino-effect of power outages throughout the Southeast of England.[39]


On March 13, the March 1989 geomagnetic storm[40] caused the Hydro-Québec power failure[41] which left seven million people in the Canadian province of Quebec without power for over nine hours.[42]

On October 17, the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake knocked out power to about 1.4 million customers in Northern California, mainly due to damaged electrical substations.[43]



On July 7, a powerful wind storm affected a large portion of central North America and caused power outages for about one million customers from Iowa to Ontario.[44]


On August 24, Hurricane Andrew made landfall on Elliot Key. As it passed over the northern Florida Keys it downed 17 miles of power lines, breaking the wooden poles they were strung on, along a path that was in four feet of water, stretching from the Turkey Point Nuclear Plant southward to the upper Keys. The shallow depth prevented the use of large construction barge cranes for rebuilding the power pylons but the water was too deep for land-based construction vehicles. As a result, the Upper and Middle Keys were largely without power for several months as the Middle Keys Electric Co-op only had generating capacity for 10% of its demand. The power lines heading north to Miami were restored much more quickly, as they were strung along the side of US highway 1 on dry land. Key West power was in the process of decommissioning an end-of-life oil-fired plant and was able to restore 75% generating capacity for the lower keys in one day as there was no storm damage that far south. Key West power was in the process of converting to sourcing 100% of its electricity from the Turkey Point facility.


On October 4, Hurricane Opal, which killed at least 59 people, knocked-out power to over two million customers across eastern and southern North America.[45]


On July 2–3 in the United States, Canada and Mexico there were 2 million people that lost power due to a transmission line overheating in Idaho and a 230-kV line between Montana and Idaho tripping. Some customers were without power for minutes, while others were without for hours.[31]

On August 10, the Western Intertie buckled under the high summer heat of the 1996 Western North America blackouts, causing a cascading power failure affecting nine western states of the United States and parts of Mexico. Four million people were affected.[46] Power was out in some locations for four days.

On November 19, a severe ice storm affected the region around Spokane, Washington and Coeur d'Alene, Idaho causing power outages lasting up to two weeks.[47]


The early-January North American Ice Storm of 1998 caused prolonged blackouts in northeastern North America, particularly in Quebec, where many transmission towers were destroyed by ice. Over 3.5 million customers in total lost power during the event.[48]

From February 19 to March 27, the 1998 Auckland power crisis resulted in the entire Auckland Central Business District in Auckland, New Zealand being without power for several weeks, after a line failure caused a chain reaction leading to the failure of three other lines.[49]

On May 31, a powerful wind storm caused a power outage for nearly two million customers across much of central North America.[50]

On September 7, a series of widespread derechos in the Northeast (the Labor Day Derechos) caused a power outage for hundreds of thousands of customers for several days.

On December 8, affecting San Francisco, California, and its environs, over 350,000 customers (buildings) or 940,000 people were affected by an outage caused when the Pacific Gas and Electric Company placed a San Mateo sub-station online at 8:17 am PST, while the station was still grounded following maintenance. This drew so much power from the transmission lines on the San Francisco peninsula that 25 other sub-stations in San Francisco automatically and immediately shut down. Power was not fully restored until almost 4:00 pm PST the same day. Economic costs were estimated in tens of millions of dollars.[51]


The 1999 Southern Brazil blackout was a widespread power outage (the largest ever at the time) that occurred in Brazil on March 11 to June 22, 1999. The blackout involved São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais, Goiás, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul and Rio Grande do Sul, affecting an estimated 75 to 97 million people.[52][53] A chain reaction was started when a lightning strike occurred at 22h 16m at an electricity substation in Bauru, São Paulo State causing most of the 440kV circuits at the substation to trip. Brazil was undergoing a severe investment crisis during 1999, which limited spending on maintenance and expansion of the power grid. With few routes for the power to flow from the generating stations via the 440kV system (a very important system to São Paulo state, carrying electricity generated by the Paraná river) a lot of generators automatically shut down because they did not have any load. The world's biggest power plant at the time, Itaipu, tried to support the load that was no longer being supplied by the 440kV power plants, but the 750kV AC lines and the 600kV DC lines that connected the plant to the rest of the system could not take the load and tripped too.[54] South of São Paulo the consumers experienced an overfrequency, caused because they had more generation than load, mostly because Itaipu was now connected only to this sub-system, but that problem was automatically solved by all generators in the area, that reduced their loads. The rest of the system experienced a much bigger problem, an underfrequency, since the system had a lot of load and not enough generation capacity. Some generators tripped because of the overfrequency, which aggravated the problem, and after an automatic rejection of 35% of the sub-system load the underfrequency did not go away. This caused the system to break in many pieces, São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro states were split with a few areas remaining online. Most of the Minas Gerais system remained online, and powered Brazil's capital, Brasília, as well as the state of Goias and some of Espirito Santo. In Rio, the military police placed 1,200 men in the streets to avoid looting.[55] In São Paulo, traffic authorities announced they closed the city's tunnels to prevent robberies. More than 60,000 people were on Rio's subway when lights went out. At midnight, power began returning to some areas, June 22 fully power restored.[56]

On July 5, the Boundary Waters–Canadian derecho cut power to over 600,000 homes in Quebec with additional outages in New England and in the Upper Great Lakes region.[57]

On July 29, in Taiwan, the No. 326 transmission tower collapsed due to a landslide, which disconnected around 8.46 million electricity consumers.[58]

On December 26–28, 1999 Cyclone Lothar and Martin left 3.4 million customers in France without electricity, and forced EdF to acquire all the available portable power generators in Europe, with some even being brought in from Canada.[59] These storms brought a fourth of France's high-tension transmission lines down and 300 high-voltage transmission pylons were toppled. It was described as one of the greatest energy disruptions ever experienced by a modern developed country.[60]



On May 9, a major power outage left the entire southern half of Portugal, including Lisbon, without power for a few hours. The blackout occurred shortly after 10 pm local time. The apagão (translated as "super outage"), suddenly plunged Lisbon in complete darkness. Stalled commuter trains and traffic light failures wreaked some havoc in the streets. Security was immediately reinforced in the city, but no rise in criminal activity was registered. Energias de Portugal, the main Portuguese electricity operator, later reported that the blackout was due to the electrocution of an unfortunate stork, which landed "on the wrong place at the wrong time". Because of this, the story was reported in the "oddly enough" sections of some European newspapers.[61]

During the 12-month California electricity crisis of 2000–01, there were regular power failures due to energy shortages.[62]


On January 2, a fault in the transmission system in the state of Uttar Pradesh led to cascading failure throughout northern India.[63]

On May 20 to August 28, a problem at a power substation caused the blackout of 2001 in Iran.[64] Outages were reported in Tehran and at least six provincial capitals that are among Iran's biggest cities – Isfahan, Shiraz, Tabriz, Kermanshah, Qazvin, and Hamedan.[65] Consequently, it is among the largest blackouts, affecting more than 30 million.


On January 30, a major ice storm hit Kansas City, Missouri, knocking trees into power lines and blowing-up transformers throughout the city. The outage affected more than 270,000 people.[66]

On March 12, a power failure affected 13 million people in South Sumatra and Lampung.[67]

On July 13, Baku and nearly the entirety of Azerbaijan experienced a blackout due to unknown causes.[68]

On April 30, nearly all of JEA's 355,000 customers in Jacksonville, FL lost power.[69]


On July 22, a severe wind storm disrupted power to over 300,000 customers in the Memphis, Tennessee, metropolitan area.[70]

On August 14–28, the Northeast blackout of 2003, a wide-area power failure in the northeastern US and central Canada, affected over 55 million people, 14 days fully restored.

On September 2, the 2003 southern Malaysia blackout resulted when a power failure affected five states (out of 13) in Malaysia, including the capital Kuala Lumpur, for five hours, starting at 10:00 am local time.

On September 19, Hurricane Isabel disrupted electricity for 4.3 million people across nine US states and parts of Ontario, Canada.

On September 23, a power failure affected five million people in east Denmark and southern Sweden.[71][72]

On September 28, the 2003 Italy blackout resulted from a power failure that affected all of Italy except Sardinia, cutting service to more than 56 million people.


On July 12, two power plants in Lavrio and Megalopolis, Greece, shut down due to malfunction within 12 hours of each other, during a period of high demand due to a heat wave. That led to a cascading failure causing the collapse of the entire Southern (Power) System, affecting several million people in southern Greece.[73]


The 2005 Malaysia electricity blackout crisis caused electricity to fail in many states of Malaysia's northern peninsula, including Perak, Penang, Kedah, and Perlis. This was due to a fault of the main cable transmission line grid near Serendah, Selangor.[74]

In January, a cyber attack disrupted power service in three cities north of Rio de Janeiro, affecting tens of thousands of people.[75]

On May 25–August 3, the 2005 Moscow power blackouts ten-week-long power outage affected more than two million people in central Russia. The blackout was due to a cascading failure of the power grid started by a transformer failure. Some lines of Moscow Metro lost power, stranding people in trains, 10 weeks fully power restored.

Starting on August 29, 2005, Hurricane Katrina caused widespread power outages throughout Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Kentucky and Tennessee. Exact totals are difficult to define, especially in Louisiana parishes which became unoccupied for months. Power was also disrupted to 1.3 million customers when Katrina passed over Florida several days earlier. In total 2.6 million people across the US were left without power as a result of the storm.


On August 1, in the Laurentians, in the province of Québec, Canada, a large number (146,000, at its peak in the evening of August 1) of households were left without electricity for a whole day, and some for up to a week, due to intense thunderstorms that rolled through southern Quebec, including the greater Montreal area. Over 450,000 customers in total were affected.[76]

On August 2, nearly a quarter million customers of Hydro One lost power after severe thunderstorms that included tornadoes and damaging wind ripped through southern and eastern Ontario.[77]

On August 14, a floating crane hit and broke a transmission line across the Edo River, interrupting power to 1,391,000 customers in the Tokyo Metropolitan Area, including Tokyo, Yokohama and part of Kawasaki and Ichikawa. Power was restored to all but 15,000 customers within an hour. The full restoration was complete four hours and 42 minutes after the start of the incident.[78][79]

On the night of November 4, in main parts of Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, Spain, and Portugal, over 15 million households were left without power after a cascading breakdown of the 2006 European blackout. Power grids of several other nations (Belgium, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland, Czech Republic, Greece and Morocco) experienced minor local outages. The root cause was an overload triggered by the German electricity company E.ON switching off an electricity line over the river Ems to allow the cruise ship Norwegian Pearl to pass through safely. The impact of this disconnection on the security of the network had not been properly assessed, and resulted in the European transmission grid splitting into three independent parts for a period of two hours. The imbalance between generation and demand in each section resulted in the power outages for consumers.[80]

On December 14, 2006, the Hanukkah Eve windstorm of 2006 caused widespread damage to the power grid throughout Washington state and into parts of Oregon, British Columbia, and Idaho; in some cases, blackouts in the affected area lasted longer than a week.


On January 16–March 24, power was cut to 200,000 people in the Australian state of Victoria when bushfires caused the state's electricity connection to the national grid to shut down.[81]

On April 26, Colombia experienced a nationwide blackout at approximately 10:15 am local time, caused by an undetermined technical failure at a substation in the capital city, Bogota, Colombia. Power returned to most parts of the country after several hours.[82]

On July 23, the city of Barcelona suffered a near-total blackout. Several areas remained without electricity for more than 78 hours due to a massive electrical substation chain failure.

On September 26–27, a cyber attack caused major disruptions affecting more than three million people in dozens of cities in the Brazilian state of Espírito Santo.[75]

On December 2, a winter storm damaged transmission systems, resulting in a blackout over much of Eastern Newfoundland and Labrador affecting close to 100,000 customers. About 7,500 customers on the Bonavista Peninsula were without service for almost a week.[83][84]

From December 8 to 12, a series of ice events cut power to over one million homes and businesses across the Great Plains of the United States, including large portions of Oklahoma, Kansas, and Nebraska.[85]

On December 12, a Royal Netherlands Air Force AH-64 Apache Attack helicopter, on a routine training mission, crashed into high voltage power lines. This resulted in a blackout affecting over 50,000 households in the Tielerwaard and Bommelerwaard region in the Netherlands. Power was restored after three days.[86]


On February 20, coal supplies to some power plants in Java were stopped, as ships could not dock at ports due to large waves. This resulted in an electricity deficit of about 1,000 megawatts, and the power supply was shut off in several areas to protect the aging infrastructure. This affected the Indonesian capital, Jakarta.[87]

On February 26, a failed switch and fire at an electrical substation outside Miami triggered widespread blackouts in parts of Florida affecting four million people. The nuclear reactors at Turkey Point power plant were shut down on the 84 °F (29 °C) day.[88] The failure disrupted power to customers in 35 southern Florida counties and spread into the northern Florida peninsula. The affected region ultimately ranged from Miami to Tampa on the state's west coast and Brevard County on the east coast.[89][90]

On April 2, 2008 around 420,000 households were left without power in Melbourne and in other parts of Victoria after the state was hit by winds of up to 130 km/h.[91]

On April 8, from around 3:30 am, around 400,000 persons were left without power in the city of Szczecin and its surroundings (as far as 100 km away), in northwest Poland. Most power was restored within 1 day. The reason was the fall of wet, heavy snow, which stuck to the power cables and caused them to break. One of the major powerline pillars broke in the aftermath.[92]

On May 20, the entire island of Zanzibar suffered a complete shutdown of power. It happened at around 10:00 pm local time, and it was caused by a rupture of the undersea cable from Mainland Tanzania. Power was restored after one month, on June 18.

On September 13, 2008, Hurricane Ike landed in Galveston and left over 2 million customers without power in the Greater Houston area. Power to one million homes was restored by day 6 and to two million homes by day 16.[93]

On December 11, rare winter snowfall in Southern Louisiana caused 10,000 power outages, due to the accumulation of snow on transmission lines. Later that night in Massachusetts and New Hampshire, an ice storm hit, causing one million people to lose their power.[94]

On December 12, a large ice storm in the Northeast US collapsed power lines from Maine to Pennsylvania due to ice buildup on wires and trees and branches falling on power lines. At the peak of the outages, about 1.5 million people were without power. It took about two weeks to restore power to all locations.[95]

On December 26, power was lost for about 12 hours on the entire island of Oahu, Hawaii starting at about 6:45 pm, where President-elect Barack Obama and his family were vacationing. This is now confirmed to be due to lightning strikes on power lines, which caused HECO's system to trip.[96]


On January 23, a severe windstorm knocked out power to 1.2 million customers in parts of France.[97]

On January 27, an ice storm hit Kentucky and in Southern Indiana knocking out power to about 769,000.[98] As of February 15, about 12,000 were still without power from this storm.[99]

On January 27–31, hundreds of thousands of homes in Victoria, including Melbourne, suffered various power failures as a result of a record heat wave. It is estimated that over 500,000 residents in Melbourne were without power for the evening of January 30, 2009. The outage affected much of central Melbourne with train and tram services cancelled, the evacuation of Crown Casino, traffic light failures, people being rescued from lifts and patrons of the Victorian Arts Centre evacuated and shows cancelled. The outage occurred only an hour after the National Electricity Market Management Company (NEMMCO) issued a statement saying load shedding was ending and power had been restored. Authorities say there had been a major electricity failure in the city's west, caused by the three-day heatwave. It is believed an explosion at South Morang contributed to the power problems along three transmission lines supplying Victoria's west and Victorian power supplier SP AusNet shed 1,000 megawatts. On January 30, Energy Minister Peter Batchelor announced that consumers who lost power for more than 20 hours would be eligible for compensation[100][101][102] It is estimated that over 500,000 residents in Melbourne were without power for the evening of January 30, 2009.

On March 30, a major power cut hits homes and business in Glasgow and parts of western Scotland. The affected areas included the west end of Glasgow, Bearsden, Clydebank, Helensburgh, Dumbarton and as far afield as Lochgilphead and Oban. Arran was also affected from the outage. The power cut occurred at 4:20 pm and power was slowly restored between 5:20 and 6:30 pm.[103]

On April 15, a little before 9:00 pm, a severe power cut blacked-out up to 80% of the city of Almaty, Kazakhstan and northern parts of neighboring Kyrgyzstan, affecting a few million people for several hours. Power was not restored until after midnight local time.[104]

On July 20, power was cut to around 100,000 homes in the areas of South East London and North Kent, UK, after vandals deliberately caused a fire near a cable installation, which caused failure of a 132 kV cable and four circuit boards. Due to the nature of the cable, it was impossible to re-route supplies around other cables without overloading them. As a result, power supplies were cut to about half of the homes for approximately four days, while other homes were given three-hour allocations of power followed by six hours "off". Over 70 mobile generators were brought in from around the country to help restore power in what was the largest deployment in London's history.[105]

On October 30 at around 8:00 am NZDT, power was cut to the whole of Northland and most of the northern half of Auckland, New Zealand, affecting 280,000 customers (14.5% of the country). A forklift carrying a shipping container accidentally hit one of the Otahuhu to Henderson 220 kV circuits while the other circuit was out for maintenance, leaving the region supplied by four low capacity 110 kV circuits. Power was restored to the entire region around 11:00 am.[106]

São Paulo, the largest city in Brazil, during November 10 blackout.

On November 10–20, 10:13 pm Brasília official time,[107] the 2009 Brazil and Paraguay blackout due to the failure of transmission lines from Itaipu Dam, the world's second-largest hydroelectric dam, affecting over 80 million customers. The failure was caused by a major thunder storm which affected a key transmission line to southeastern Brazil, causing all 20 turbines at the hydroelectric power plant to shut-down due to the abrupt fall of power demand. Four of Brazil's most densely populated states entirely lost power (including the states of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro) with 14 more states being partly affected. The entire country of Paraguay experienced the power failure. It took about seven hours for the system to fully recover. This is regarded as one of the largest blackouts in history, 10 days fully restored.[108][109][110]



On January 30, two separate transmission lines were hit by lightning, blacking-out the Australian city of Darwin and the nearby cities of Katherine and Palmerston starting at about 6:00 am. Power was restored to all areas by 4:30 pm.[111]

In early February, a pair of blizzards hit the Northeastern US on February 5–6 and again just a few days later on February 9–10. Among the hardest hit areas was the Baltimore–Washington corridor, with well over 200,000 people impacted at the height of the outages and about two-thirds of those without power for periods lasting from half a day to several days. Other urban areas, such as Pittsburgh, were also affected.[112]

On March 14, the March 2010 Chile blackout left roughly 15 million people, about 90% of the population of Chile, without power when a major transformer failed in southern Chile. Power began to be restored within a few hours, and almost all of the country had power by the following day. The outage was apparently not directly related to damage from the major earthquake that hit the country the previous month.[113]

On March 14, a severe windstorm disrupted power to hundreds of thousands of customers primarily in southwestern Connecticut as well as parts of Westchester County, Long Island, and New Jersey as a result of a severe wind and rain storm. The outage lasted as long as six days for some customers in the hardest-hit communities. Many public school districts were closed for up to five days the following week.[114]

On March 30, about 30,000 homes in Northern Ireland were hit by a power cut, caused by winter weather conditions. Omagh, Enniskillen, Dungannon, Derry, Coleraine, and Ballymena were affected.[115]

On June 27, Portsmouth UK suffered a massive blackout when a substation caught fire.[116]

On July 15, 76,000 people in Oakland and Wayne counties in southeastern Michigan lost power at approximately 7:00 pm during heavy storms. As of 12:00 noon on July 16, power had not been fully restored.[117]

On July 25, an estimated 250,000 Pepco customers lost power in the Washington, D.C. area, due to severe storms that swept through the area.[118]

On September 1–21, Iceland experienced a massive power outage.


On February 2, in Texas, forced outages at two major coal-fired power plants and high electricity demand due to cold weather caused rolling blackouts affecting more than one million customers.[119]

On February 3, Cyclone Yasi hit communities in North Queensland, Australia. The cyclone winds reached 300 km/h (186mp/h) and caused widespread damage through many communities. 170,000 homes lost electricity.[120]

On February 4, at least eight states in northeastern Brazil – Alagoas, Bahia, Ceará, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Piaui, Rio Grande do Norte, and Sergipe – suffered a major blackout from around midnight to 4:00 am. It is estimated that 53 million people were affected. Major cities Salvador, Recife, and Fortaleza were completely out of power.[121]

On February 22 at 12:51, a 6.3-magnitude earthquake struck Christchurch, New Zealand. Over 80 percent of the city (approximately 160,000 customers) lost power. Most power was restored within five days, though some central city areas were still without power as late as May 1.[122]

On April 27, one of the United States' most devastating tornado outbreaks disrupted power to most of northern Alabama; some 311 high-tension electrical transmission towers were destroyed by multiple, violent tornadoes.[123][124]

On June 30, Chennai suffered a major power outage that affected many parts of the city for more than 15 hours.[125]

Starting on July 11, Cyprus suffered a half-week power outage, affecting all cities on the Greek part of the island. The outage was caused by an explosion next to the Vassilikos power plant, shutting down the plant.[126][127]

On July 23, the failure of a glass insulator caused an outage of most of Northern Saskatchewan for about four hours.[128]

On the morning of July 11, the Chicago area was hit by a large derecho which disrupted power to over 850,000, according to ComEd.[129]

On August 27–28, Hurricane Irene caused over five million power outages.[130]

On September 8–9, the 2011 Southwest blackout affected parts of Southern California and Arizona, as well as parts of northwestern Mexico. The failure initiated after maintenance of a 500kV line brought it offline, and subsequent weaknesses in operations planning and lack of real-time situational awareness at multiple power stations led to cascading outages.[131] Power restoration was generally effective, but also affected by communication issues, with 100% power restoration occurring from 6–12 hours depending on location.[131] Over five million people were affected.[132]

On September 16, South Korea experienced a widespread blackout due to hot weather.[133]

On September 24, nine million people in north and central Chile were affected by the 2011 Chile blackout which lasted for at least two hours.[134]

In late October, a snowstorm along the East Coast of the US caused over two million power outages. Some residents of Connecticut and western Massachusetts were without electricity for over 11 days.[135]


On January 14–April 27, a 380 kV transformer failure in Bursa Natural Gas Fueled Combined Cycle PP in Turkey, was accused of voltage deviations in the interconnected power grid that resulted in a blackout. Another failure occurred in 154 kV Babaeski substation which caused a blackout in Thrace. 6 cities and more than 20 million people were affected by the Marmara blackout of 2012. The power was back in all cities in the evening. The blackout disrupted metro and tram operation in Istanbul. Also gas heating systems did not work during the blackout. The problem was resolved by getting electricity from Bulgaria to Thrace and feeding lines in İstanbul from Ambarlı Natural Gas PP in İstanbul, 104 days fully restored.

On April 4, a blackout hit every city in Cyprus after the Dhekelia power station failed. There was a lack of electric power from 4:42 to 9:20 am.[136]

On June 29, a line of thunderstorms with hurricane-force winds swept from Iowa to the Mid-Atlantic coast and disrupted power to more than 3.8 million people in Indiana, Ohio, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, Maryland, New Jersey, Virginia, Delaware, North Carolina, Kentucky, and Washington, DC.[137]

On July 30, due to a massive breakdown in the northern grid, there was a major power failure which affected seven north Indian states, including Delhi, Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, and Rajasthan.[138] It was the preludium for the outage at the following day.

On July 31, the 2012 India blackout left half of India without electricity supply. So far [2018] it is being called the biggest power failure in history. This affected hundreds of trains, hundreds of thousands of households and other establishments as the grid that connects generating stations with customers collapsed for the second time in two days.[139]

On October 29–30, Hurricane Sandy brought high winds and coastal flooding to a large portion of the eastern United States, leaving an estimated 8 million customers without power. The storm, which came ashore near Atlantic City, New Jersey as a Category 1 hurricane, ultimately left scores of homes and businesses without power in New Jersey (2.7 million), New York (2.2 million), Pennsylvania (1.2 million), Connecticut (620,000), Massachusetts (400,000), Maryland (290,000), West Virginia (268,000), Ohio (250,000), and New Hampshire (210,000). Power outages were also reported in a number of other states, including Virginia, Maine, Rhode Island, Vermont, and the District of Columbia.[140][141]


Over the weekend of January 26 – February 5 ex-Tropical Cyclone Oswald caused the loss of power to over 250,000 customers in South East Queensland, Australia. Power was gradually restored over about 10 days.[142]

On February 8–9, some 650,000 homes and businesses in the northeastern US lost power as the result of a powerful nor'easter that brought hurricane-force wind gusts and more than two feet of snow to New England.[143]

On March 22, 2013, 200,000 homes in the Greater Belfast area lost power as the result of a fault with the high-voltage transmission network during a snow storm.[144]

On March 28, 2013, a nationwide blackout occurred in Trinidad and Tobago, which was reportedly caused by low gas pressure around 12:37 am AST. The outage stemmed from two causes: a problem with the gas supply from Phoenix Park Gas Processors Ltd, which affected Trinidad, and a subsequent problem at the Cove power plant, which affected Tobago. T&TEC was able to restart the generators at Cove soon after, restoring power to the island from as early as 1 am. The final customer came back on at approximately 3 am. In Trinidad, T&TEC said the restoration started at approximately 4.45 am, as there was some delay in restarting the generators at the Pow­er­Gen plant in Point Lisas. Around 11 am, approximately 90% of customers in Trinidad were back on with their electricity supply.[145]

On April 1, 2013, 100,000 people in Poland suffered under power outages due to heavy snow falls.[146] Warsaw Airport found the snow difficult to operate in.[147]

On May 5, 2013, 40–50% of Luzon island in the Philippines suffered power outages because several transmission lines had tripped-out, resulting in the isolation of Sta. Rita, San Lorenzo, Calaca, Ilijan, Quezon Power Plant Philippines, Ltd (QPPL).[148]

On 21 May, the 2013 southern Thailand blackout resulted when a power failure affected fourteen provinces (out of 76) in Thailand, for four hours, starting at 7:00 pm local time.[149]

On May 22, the 2013 Southern Vietnam and Cambodia blackout occurred. The careless movement of a truck deployed to plant trees in New Binh Duong City urban area was the direct cause for a massive power outage in the southern region of Vietnam. When moving a tree on Wednesday afternoon, the truck driver let the tree bump onto a line in the national power grid (500 kV), causing an outage in 22 provinces and cities in the southern part of Vietnam, according to Vietnam Electricity, 8 hours fully restored.[150]

On September 24, the Trakia region of Turkey lost electric power. According to TREDAS (Power distribution utility of Trakia region), a failure in the substation of Hamitabat Gas Fueled Combined Cycle PP (in Lüleburgaz city of Kırklareli province) caused a power outage in TEİAŞ((in Turkish) 154kV interconnected power transmission grid of the region. Affected places included Tekirdağ, Edirne, Kırklareli provinces and Silivri city of İstanbul. Affected population was about 1.5 million citizens. Power was restored gradually after an hour and at 00.24 all the region had been electrified.[151]

On December 22, the December 2013 North American storm complex, covering an area from Ontario to as far east as the maritime provinces in Canada, caused power failures. According to reports, as many as 300,000 customers in Toronto lost power.[152] Later reports placed the peak number in Ontario without power at 600,000 [153] The storm also caused widespread power outages in mid-Michigan. According to reports, as many as 500,000 lost power with restoration efforts expected through December 29.[154]


On February 27, parts of Mindanao, an island in the Philippines, suffered power outages for 6 hours. By 12:00 pm (PST+8) around 70 percent of its entire grid has been restored. The Department of Energy (DOE) were still investigating what caused the widespread blackout in Mindanao.[155]

On July 15, sixty percent of the power grid in Luzon island in the Philippines was lost due to Typhoon Rammasun (Glenda) that devastated the Southern part of Luzon where many power plants are located, such as the Geothermal Plant in the Bicol Region and the Coal Plant in Batangas.

On July 21, a major power outage cut power to homes in the United Kingdom. London, Essex, Kent and surrounding areas had no power for about half an hour during the two outages. The cause was revealed to be schoolchildren who set fire to books near power lines in Havering, East London.

On August 12, Malta suffered a nationwide power outage for almost 6 hours. Power was lost across Malta and Gozo at 7:50 pm and restored to most areas by 1:30 am. Due to problems with emergency generators, Malta International Airport had to close the runway and several flights were diverted to Catania and Palermo. The outage was due to a damaged cable which caused an explosion at the electricity distribution centre and automatic shut down of both power stations. A previous nationwide power cut occurred on January 9, 2014, caused by a Delimara power station fault.[156]

On September 4, Egypt suffered a major blackout in the capital and other cities at 6 am, continuing for hours, bringing some key services to a halt. The power outage cost the strategic facilities of the Suez Canal an estimated LE100 million, as naval traffic and industrial activity came to a halt along the vital waterway. Some television channels were halted for nearly two hours due to the outage.[157]

On October 5 at 2:15 am, a cable trench fire at Transpower's Penrose substation in Auckland, New Zealand, disconnected supply to Vector's local distribution network. Over 85,000 customers in Auckland's central-eastern suburbs lost electricity for over 12 hours. 50% of customers were reconnected by evening and 75% by the following morning.[158]

On November 1, Bangladesh suffered a nationwide power outage for almost 10 hours. Power was lost at around 11:30 am and restored to most areas by 11:00 pm.[159][160]

On November 21, South Africa experienced rolling blackouts which were implemented nationwide, and continued for the duration of the weekend. This followed similar outages earlier in the same month, all of which were triggered as a result of a collapsed coal silo at Eskom's Majuba Power Station, during a period when the state's power company was already experiencing severe supply strain on the national grid due to technical difficulties affecting some of its other major turbines.[161][162][163]


On January 26, 80% of Pakistan (some 140 million people) were without power due to technical fault at a power station in Sindh.[5]

On February 11, a technical problem in one of the main power grids in Kuwait caused most of the country to lose power.[164]

On March 27, a technical problem in one of the main power grids in North Holland caused 1 million households to not have power for at least one hour.[165]

On March 31, because of technical problems, over 90% of Turkey (about 70 million people) went without power. Unaffected regions were Van and Hakkari provinces which are fed by electricity from Iran.[166]

On August 29, a powerful wind storm disrupted power to 710,000 customers (nearly 50% of BCHydro's customers) on Vancouver Island and Vancouver's lower mainland. 705,000 customers had power restored within 72 hours of the storm. This was BCHydro's single largest outage.[167]

On November 17, a powerful wind storm that downed power lines left more than 161,000 customers without electricity in Spokane County, Washington, US, plus more in neighboring counties. It exceeded the ice storm that occurred 19 years previous, almost to the day.[168][169][170]

On November 21, a power outage left 1.2 million people in disputed Crimea with reduced or no power following explosions at transmission towers in Ukraine.[171]

On December 23, the December 2015 Ukraine power grid cyberattack left 230 thousand people without power for 1–6 hours.[172]


On June 7, Kenya went without power for over 4 hours. The nationwide blackout[173] was caused when a rogue monkey entered a power station. Only about 10 million citizens were affected by the outage as the World Bank estimates that only 23% of the country's population have access to electricity.[174]

On Thursday, September 1, Hurricane Hermine swept across the big bend area of Florida, directly affecting the state's capital of Tallahassee. Hermine disrupted power for more than 350,000 people in Florida and southern Georgia, many of whom were without power for a week.

On September 21, 2016, a full power system collapse occurred on the island of Puerto Rico affected its 3.5 million inhabitants. The power outage, popularly referred to as the "Apagón" (translated as "super outage") has been labeled as the largest in Puerto Rico not caused by an atmospheric event. The outage occurred after two transmission lines, with power running up to 230 kV, failed.[175]

On September 28, the 2016 South Australian blackout affected the entire state of South Australia (1.7 million people). It was caused by two tornados that destroyed three critical elements of infrastructure, and the power system protected itself by shutting down.[176] While some politicians and commentators have tried to link this power failure with the state's high mix of renewable energy sources (particularly wind energy), some experts have indicated that the blackout had nothing to do with this.[177] A number of technical reports in the previous 18 months expressed concern that the reliability and security of the power supply in South Australia had decreased following the introduction of substantial wind power, and the consequent withdrawal of major conventional power stations.[178]


On March 1, a severe thunderstorm with conditions similar to Typhoon Fitow affected New York, New Jersey, New Hampshire, Maryland, Vermont and Pennsylvania. This left 10 million without electricity. Power was restored the next week.

On March 8, a severe winter windstorm interrupted power for about 1 million customers in the state of Michigan, US. About 730,000 were still without power the next day.[179]

On July 1, Central American countries felt a 6-hour power outage to millions, Panama stated power was returned by GMT 00 Hrs. [180]

On July 8, an explosion at a Northridge power plant causes a widespread power outage in the San Fernando Valley, Los Angeles. (LA Times)(Sky News)

On July 27 a crew working on the replacement for the Herbert C. Bonner Bridge in the Outer Banks of North Carolina, U.S., severed a power cable and caused a blackout on the Outer Banks islands which affected more than 7,000 people during the peak of tourist season.[181] The outage lasted eight days.[182]

On August 15, Taiwan suffers massive power cut, affecting millions of households, before 2017 Summer Universiade.

On August 26, half of the population of Uruguay endured a 4-hour outage. No cause has been reported besides bad weather.[183]

On September 10, Hurricane Irma hit the south-east of the United States, causing over 7.6 million customers to lose power. 6 million in Florida, 1.3 million in Georgia, 200K in South Carolina.

On September 20, Hurricane Maria hit Puerto Rico, knocking out power to the entire island. Restoration efforts involved rebuilding significant parts of the already-dilapidated power grid. Only 55% of residents had power back after three months,[184] and as of August 2018, electricity has been finally restored to everyone in the island.[185]

On October 30, combination of the remnants of tropical storm Philippe and an extratropical system resulted in approximately 1.8 million power outages in New England. The storm was particularly bad in Midcoast Maine where roads became impassible for almost a week, leaving many schools to close for 5 to 6 days. This storm has been said to rival the Ice Storm of '98. Many people did not get their power back on for over 10 days in some of the worst hit areas. In Canada, Hydro-Québec reported 200,000 customers losing power because of damages due to strong winds produced by the storm.[186]

On December 7–10, a rare winter storm named Benji came through the southeast states of the United States, causing over 900k customers to lose power.[187]


On January 10, January 21, and February 27, there was a complete power outage in Sudan.[188]

On March 2, a Nor'easter struck the east coast of the U.S, leaving over 2 million people without power. [189]

On March 21, a power outage struck large swaths of Brazil, affecting tens of millions of people, especially in the country's northern and northeastern regions. The blackout was due to the failure of a transmission line near the massive Belo Monte hydroelectric station.[190]

On April 12, 870,000 customers in Puerto Rico lost power when a tree fell on a major power line near the town of Cayey while workers were clearing vegetation.[191] A week later, on April 18, power was lost to all of Puerto Rico when an excavator repairing 2017 damage from Hurricane Maria hit a line connecting two major power plants.[192] After a request by Governor Ricardo Rossello, the government electricity monopoly, PREPA, terminated its relationship with D. Grimm, the subcontractor responsible for both incidents.[193]

On July 3 from around 00:20 till around 8:00, nearly the whole of Azerbaijan, except Nakchivan (which had its own independent station) and Nagorny Garabagh (which was not under Azerbaijani control), had a major power outage. The reason was unexpectedly high temperatures which could not be handled by Mingachevir Electric Station (the main electricity supplier of country). Although outage lasted for quite long, it didn't cause any serious problems. Engineers started recovering electric supply immediately, starting from capital city Baku, and soon lights were on again in the country.[194]

On September 6, the 2018 Hokkaido Eastern Iburi earthquake, which knocked out power to about 2.95 million customers in around Hokkaido, mainly due to damaged in thermal power station of Tomato-Azuma, according to Japan Federation of Electric Power Companies official confirmed report.[195]

On September 21 a severe thunderstorm, with wind gust up to 260 km/hr, hit the Ottawa/Gatineau region. The storm caused large scale damage to the power infrastructure, with 80 poles broken and one transformer station damaged. The destruction caused power outage for about 172,000 customers for intervals between few hours and several days.[196]

On October 10, Hurricane Michael hit the Gulf Coast of the United States, causing thousands of customers in the Panhandle of Florida, especially Panama City and Port St. Joe, to lose power for up to 10 days.

On October 15, a fire in La Arenosa electrical station in Carabobo, caused a massive blackout which affected 16 states in the northern part of Venezuela varying from 1 to 3 hours, although some persons report that it tooks 18 hours in some zones. The Electrical Energy Minister Luis Motta Domínguez reported that the cause of the fire was because of an explosion.[197]

On November 15, a power outage struck in South Sulawesi, West Sulawesi and parts of Central Sulawesi leaving an estimated total of 9 million people without electrical supply. The blackout was due to the interference with the transmission path of the Makale-Palopo.[198]

On December 4, transmission line failures in south Saskatchewan caused widespread outages to 175,000 to 200,000 SaskPower customers for several hours. The outage was determined to be the result of significant frost collection on grid equipment.[199]

On December 20, a windstorm caused outages to 600,000 BC Hydro customers across the Lower Mainland, Vancouver Island and Gulf Islands. The windstorm damaged 300 power poles and 170 transformers. With lineman crews working round-the-clock, significant outages were still in effect a week later, with the last power restored December 31.[200][201] Winds reached speeds of 100 km/h.[202]


On March 7, Venezuela was affected by the first in a series of concurrent, nation-wide blackouts. The first large outage was partially resolved by March 14,[203][204] but smaller outages persisted in some regions for days afterwards,[205] and a second multi-day outage began on March 25 with ongoing.[23] During the month of March, Venezuela was without power for at least 10 days overall.[206] The blackouts stemmed from the failure of Simón Bolívar Hydroelectric Plant (Guri Dam) in the state of Bolívar, and left most of the country of nearly 32 million in darkness.[207] By March 12, power began returning to some parts of the country, but Caracas remained only partially powered and western Venezuela remained dark.[22] Government officials claimed the blackout was "an act of sabotage," while experts attributed the failure to aging infrastructure and insufficient maintenance.[208][22] At least 43 deaths have been reported and attributed to the blackouts,[209]

On June 9, 350,000 people in Dallas County, Texas lost power after a severe thunderstorm downed hundreds of trees across the area. 200,000 remained without power on the evening of June 10[210] and 16,000 on the afternoon of June 12 restored.[211] 41% of traffic signals in the city of Dallas were affected; 496 were temporarily inoperable and 168 reverted to flashing red signals.[212]

On June 16, the entirety of Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay[213] were affected by a blackout, leaving an estimated total of 48 million people without electrical supply. The cause remains unknown.[214]

July 19 through July 20: Severe thunderstorms, tornadoes and floods caused damage and power outages throughout Wisconsin on Friday, July 19, 2019 and Saturday, July 20, 2019, disrupting power to more than 277,000 customers[215] during the peak of the outage. Governor Tony Evers declared a statewide state of emergency, with preliminary estimates of damage and cleanup costs of $5.3 million[216] . Some affected customers were still without power a week later.[217]

On July 19, storms and high winds in Michigan caused loss of power to roughly 600,000 to 800,000 customers [218] and left many still without power for 6 days,[219] the second highest number of storm related outages in Michigan power company DTE Energy Co.'s history.[220]

July 22 through July 26: On July 22 at 17:56, New Jersey Governor Phil Murphy noted there were over 300,000 people without power in his state,[221] a condition that still affected 200,000 people at 10:54 Tuesday [222] and with some 60,000 residents still without power on Wednesday.[223] There were still some citizens without power on Friday.[224]

On August 4, a significant 100 million people[225] were affected by a massive blackout that spread across the Indonesian provinces/regions of Banten, Jakarta, West Java, parts of Central Java, and also Yogyakarta. The blackout began as early as 11:50 local time, when Jakarta MRT authorities began to detect the loss of electrical supply,[226] rendering its trains inoperable and requiring people stuck inside to evacuate from it. Jakarta LRT and KRL Commuterline also suffered from the blackout making TransJakarta the only mass transit transportation remaining in operation at the time of the blackout. Ride-hailing services like Gojek and Grab receive major problems due to lack of internet services. The governor of Jakarta, Anies Baswedan made Transjakarta and Jakarta MRT services free of charge until the day ends. Most of the traffic lights stopped functioning, causing traffic congestions. The initial blackout lasts around 9 hours where at 21:00 local time power to most of the affected areas has been restored, although power to some rural and residential areas in Jakarta has not been restored yet past midnight. Some areas initially had its electricity back up by midnight or later, only to have its electricity cut off again,[227] causing almost 20 hours of blackout in total. Initially, the PLN (Indonesia's state electricity company) stated that cause of the outage was due to disruptions in a number of plants in Java,[228] but later said that the cause was due to a disruption in the Ungaran-Pemalang high-voltage power line.[229]

On 9 to 19 August 2019, a major power blackout hits parts of England and Wales, affecting nearly a million people and causing widespread travel disruption.[230] The failure has been blamed on a lightning strike.[231]

Starting on 1 September, Hurricane Dorian damaged transmission systems and caused extensive lengthy power outages in the Bahamas, the Eastern Seaboard of the United States, and in Nova Scotia and Newfoundland in Canada.

On September 29, 2019, there was a power cut that affected the entire island of Tenerife, affecting almost one million people and carrying out dozens of emergency services, most of them people who had been trapped in elevators.[232]

On November 1, 2019, a major storm left nearly 2,000,000 people without power throughout the northeast United States and southeast Canada. In some areas of eastern Ontario, Canada and most of southern Québec, 964,000 people were affected.[233] The same storm also cut power to over 800,000 customers in 14 US states between Thursday, October 31st and Saturday, November 2nd, with 420,000 still without power after 3 days.[234] On November 2nd, 600,000 Canadian homes had been reconnected, though over 200,000 still remained disconnected. Many flooded areas -- like Sherbrooke -- were left without power even longer.

On Sunday, November 3, 2019, around 140,000 people were without power for over 9 hours, and then 55,000 still without through Monday, in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques region of south-west France. [235]

On Monday, November 18, 2019, approximately 130,000 people on the island of Barbados lost power at 7:29am. By 3:00pm, only 50% saw power restored. [236] For many, the outage continued into Tuesday, November 19, 2019. [237]

On Monday, November 25, 2019, a wind storm ripped through Sydney, Australia, leaving 76,000 homes without power[238], with 24,000 still in the dark on Wednesday, November 27th.[239]


  1. "Blackout for 19 states, more than 600 million Indians". July 31, 2012. Retrieved August 11, 2016.
  2. "Hundreds of millions without power in India". BBC News. July 31, 2012. Retrieved August 11, 2016.
  3. Jack, Frank (July 31, 2012). "Power cut hits millions, among world's worst outages | Reuters". Retrieved August 11, 2016.
  4. Syed Zain Al-Mahmood (November 2, 2014). "Bangladesh Power Restored After Nationwide Blackout". Wall Street Journal (online). Retrieved March 18, 2015.
  5. "Militant Attack Plunges Pakistan Into Darkness". Sky News. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
  6. "Power outage hits Jakarta and Indonesia's Java and Bali islands". UPI. August 4, 2019. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
  7. "Indonesian capital hit by massive 8-hour power outage". AP. August 4, 2019. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
  8. "Power restored to some areas in Indonesia capital, parts of Java..." Reuters. August 4, 2019. Retrieved August 4, 2019.
  9. "Power restored to most of Indonesia capital after 9-hour blackout". Aljazeera. August 4, 2019. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
  10. "About Questia | Questia, Your Online Research Library". Archived from the original on January 6, 2016. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
  11. "The Darkest Night". Archived from the original on May 13, 2009. Retrieved October 8, 2010.
  12. "Bad weather blamed in blackout for 60M in Brazil". Retrieved October 8, 2010.
  13. John Hooper. "Italy's blackout raises questions | World news". The Guardian. Retrieved August 11, 2016.
  14. "CBC Archives". September 11, 2001. Retrieved August 11, 2016.
  15. "South America blackout leaves tens of millions without power". June 16, 2019. Retrieved June 16, 2019.
  16. Wikipedia
  17. เหตุการณ์ไฟฟ้าดับทั่วประเทศไทย พ.ศ. 2521. Wikipedia
  18. Wikipedia
  19. "CBC Archives". September 11, 2001. Retrieved August 11, 2016.
  20. "Venezuela buckles under massive power, communications outage". March 8, 2019. Retrieved March 8, 2019.
  21. "'A city of shadows': fear as Venezuela's crippling blackout enters day four". March 10, 2019. Retrieved March 10, 2019.
  22. "Venezuela, blaming U.S. for six-day blackout, orders diplomats to leave". March 12, 2019. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
  23. "Guaido calls for protest as Venezuela blackout drags into third day". March 27, 2019. Retrieved March 27, 2019.
  24. "Sri Lanka Faces Nationwide Power Blackout; Water Supply Affected". March 13, 2016. Retrieved August 11, 2016.
  25. CNN, Doug Criss, CNN Charts by Paul Martucci. "Puerto Rico's power outage is now the second-largest blackout in history". CNN. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  26. CNN, Doug Criss, CNN Charts by Paul Martucci. "Puerto Rico's power outage is now the second-largest blackout in history". CNN. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  27. "Huge Power Failure Darkens 50 Miles of Florida's Gold Coast (August 6, 1969)".
  28. "WCBS Newsradio88 Appreciation Site". Retrieved March 18, 2015.
  29. James T. Sparrow. "events timeline || Blackout History Project". Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  30. Weeks, Marilyn (May 18, 1985). "South Florida Has History of Blackouts". Ft. Lauderdale Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved February 16, 2014.
  31. "13 of the Largest Power Outages in History – and What They Tell Us About the 2003 Northeast Blackout – The Equation". August 8, 2013. Retrieved December 2, 2016.
  32. "Quebec Blacked Out By a Power Failure". The New York Times. September 21, 1977. Retrieved February 4, 2013.
  33. "Fire at Utah Prison Dump Blamed For Major Blackout". The New York Times. January 10, 1981.
  34. "U.S. – Canada Power System Outage Task Force" (PDF). Retrieved August 11, 2016.
  35. "Estimating and Visualizing the Impact of Forecast Errors on System Operations : Los Alamos National Laboratory" (PDF). April 12, 2011. Retrieved August 11, 2016.
  36. Sweden. "KTH | A Richter Scale for Power Outages". SE-AB: Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  37. "Stora strömavbrott 2009" (DOC). Retrieved August 11, 2016.
  38. "Blackout Hits S. Florida 4.5 Million Left Without Power". Ft. Lauderdale Sun-Sentinel. May 17, 1985. Retrieved February 16, 2014.
  39. Burt, S. D.; Mansfield, D. A. (1988). "The Great Storm of 15–16 October 1987". Weather. 43 (3): 90–108. Bibcode:1988Wthr...43...90B. doi:10.1002/j.1477-8696.1988.tb03885.x.
  40. "Chronology of effects". Retrieved August 11, 2016.
  41. "Space Weather". Retrieved August 11, 2016.
  42. "Space Physics".
  43. Practical lessons from the Loma Prieta earthquake. National Research Council. 1994. p. 142.
  44. "The Southern Great Lakes Derecho of 1991". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Retrieved March 18, 2015.
  45. Max Mayfield; Jack Beven; John Thompson. "TPC NHC OPAL 1995 PRELIMINARY REPORT". NOAA-( Retrieved March 18, 2015.
  46. "Blackout of 1996". August 10, 1996. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  47. Times. "Freezing fog has wreaked havoc in Lincoln County – – Jan. 22, 2009". Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  48. "CBC Digital Archives". March 17, 2015. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
  49. "Homepage | Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment". Retrieved August 11, 2016.
  50. "The Southern Great Lakes Derecho of 1998". NOAA. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
  51. "San Francisco Power Outage – 1998". December 8, 1998. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  52. Claire Craig-Nassar. "Does Liberalisation cause more electricity blackouts?" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on May 13, 2009. Retrieved April 7, 2009.
  53. "Notable power outages around the world". Associated Press. Archived from the original on November 19, 2009. Retrieved November 24, 2009.
  54. "Lightning knocked out Brazil power". BBC News. March 13, 1999. Retrieved April 7, 2009.
  55. "The Darkest Night". Archived from the original on May 13, 2009. Retrieved April 7, 2009.
  56. "Wide Power Failure Strikes Southern Brazil". The New York Times. March 12, 1999. Retrieved April 7, 2009.
  57. "The Boundary Waters-Canadian Derecho". NOAA. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
  58. Chien-Hsing Lee; Shih-Chieh Hsieh (2001). "A technical review of the power outage on July 29, 1999 in Taiwan". IEEE Xplore. 3. pp. 1353–1358. doi:10.1109/PESW.2001.917283. ISBN 978-0-7803-6672-5.
  59. "Impacts of Severe Storms on Electric Grids" (PDF). Union of the Electricity Industry – EURELECTRIC. 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 21, 2013. Retrieved January 5, 2013.
  60. Tatge, Yörn. "Looking Back, Looking Forward: Anatol, Lothar and Martin Ten Years Later". Air-Worldwide. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
  61. TVI. "The Portuguese blackout after its 3rd anniversary". Archived from the original on September 29, 2007.
  62. California electricity crisis
  63. "Massive power cut hits India". BBC News. January 2, 2001.
  64. "Power blackout hits Iran". BBC News. May 20, 2001.
  65. "Iran: Unexplained Power Outage". May 20, 2001. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  66. Fountain, John W. (February 2002). "Midwest Ice Storm Cuts Power to Hundreds of Thousands". The New York Times.
  67. "Pemadaman Listrik Sumsel-Lampung Molor 10 Jam". (in Indonesian). Retrieved June 23, 2019.
  68. NLO, №11 (278), 2003, p. 5
  69. "Most of First Coast paralyzed by power outage". Retrieved March 31, 2015.
  70. "Derecho effects on electrical power in cities". NOAA). Retrieved March 18, 2015.
  71. Archived March 20, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  72. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 22, 2010. Retrieved February 27, 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  73. "No power problem for Olympics, gov't stresses after report on July 12 blackout released". July 29, 2004. Archived from the original on April 30, 2013. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  74. "Power outage may affect Tenaga's bid for tariff rise". Asia Africa Intelligence Wire. January 15, 2005.
  75. "Sabotaging The System". CBS News. August 29, 2010. Archived from the original on November 10, 2009.
  76. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 27, 2007. Retrieved February 8, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  77. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 27, 2007. Retrieved February 8, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  78. 8月14日に首都圏で発生した停電事故について (Power outage in Greater Tokyo on 14 August) / TEPCO REPORT VOL.116 October 2006Tokyo Electric Power Company
  79. Submission of "Report on Equipment Damage of 275-kV Nos. 1 and 2 Koto Lines due to Contact by Floating Crane and Failure of Koto Substation and Other Power Supply Troubles" and "Report on Electricity-Related Failures" / 24 August 2006 – Tokyo Electric Power Company
  80. "Microsoft Word - IC-Final-Report-20070129-v13.doc" (PDF). Retrieved August 11, 2016.
  81. "Mass Power Outages hit State". Melbourne: The Age. January 16, 2007.
  82. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 4, 2012. Retrieved February 8, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  83. "Power lines torn down in eastern Newfoundland". CBCnews. December 3, 2007. Archived from the original on July 17, 2010.
  84. "Week may pass before all juice restored". CBCnews. December 4, 2007. Archived from the original on February 6, 2008.
  85. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 12, 2008. Retrieved February 8, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  86. "Stroomuitval in de Bommeler- en Tielerwaard in december 2007" (PDF). Retrieved August 11, 2016.
  87. Foundation, Planet Ark Environmental. "World Environment News".
  88. Amanda Ripley (February 29, 2008). "Citizen Soldiers". TIME. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
  89. "Power restored to parts of Florida after outage". CNN. February 2, 2008. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
  90. "Two die as storm fury lashes Victoria". The Age. April 3, 2008.
  91. "Chaos w Szczecinie – miasto bez prądu". (in Polish). Retrieved March 18, 2015.
  92. "Hurricane Ike". Retrieved March 18, 2015.
  93. "Ice storm leaves 1.25 million powerless in Northeast". USA Today. December 13, 2008.
  94. "Power restored to most of Oahu". Honolulu Advertiser. December 27, 2008. Archived from the original on December 28, 2008.
  95. Al Goodman (January 24, 2009). "Four boys killed in roof collapse as storms batter Spain, France". CNN. Retrieved May 8, 2010.
  96. "About 56,000 customers still without power in Ky". The Herald Dispatch. February 9, 2009. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  97. "Thousands still powerless in Ky. after ice storms". USA Today. February 15, 2009. Retrieved May 8, 2010.
  98. Alice Coster (January 31, 2009). "People forced to walk streets in Victorian blackout". Herald Sun.
  99. "Thousands still without Power". Melbourne: The Age. January 31, 2009.
  100. Lucas, Clay (January 31, 2009). "Train System completely off the rails". Melbourne: The Age. Archived from the original on February 1, 2009.
  101. "Power cut causes roads gridlock". BBC News Scotland. March 30, 2009. Retrieved July 29, 2009.
  102. "Millions Left In Dark By Central Asia Power Blackout". Radio Free Europe. April 15, 2009. Retrieved November 29, 2013.
  103. "Over 10,000 still without power". BBC News. July 22, 2009. Retrieved July 24, 2009.
  104. "Forklift sparks blackout for thousands –". Television New Zealand. October 30, 2009. Archived from the original on June 15, 2011. Retrieved January 10, 2010.
  105. "A página não foi encontrada – Agência Brasil". March 11, 2012. Archived from the original on March 11, 2012. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
  106. "Brazil Blackout: Two Largest Cities Hit By Massive Power Outages". Huffington Post. November 10, 2009.
  107. "Dam failure triggers huge blackout in Brazil -". CNN. November 11, 2009. Retrieved May 8, 2010.
  108. "Lights flicker on after blackout in Brazil". NBC News. NBC News. November 12, 2009. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  109. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 27, 2011. Retrieved January 31, 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  110. Morello, Carol; Halsey III, Ashley (February 7, 2010). "Historic snowstorm in D.C. leaves a mess to be reckoned with". Washington Post. Retrieved December 30, 2010.
  111. "Chile plunged into darkness by power cut". BBC News. March 15, 2010. Retrieved March 17, 2010.
  112. Patti Sapone/The Star-Ledger (March 13, 2010). "Powerful Nor'easter causes extensive damage around New Jersey". Retrieved August 11, 2016.
  113. "Bad weather causing NI disruption". BBC News. March 30, 2010. Retrieved March 31, 2010.
  114. "Fire cuts power to thousands of Portsmouth homes". BBC News. June 27, 2010. Retrieved September 10, 2010.
  115. "83K remain in the dark after strong storms". Detroit News. July 16, 2010. Retrieved July 16, 2010.
  116. "Power outages hit DC area after storms; 2 dead". Business Week. July 26, 2010. Retrieved July 26, 2010.
  117. "Texas weathers rolling blackouts as mercury drops". Reuters. February 2, 2011. Retrieved November 15, 2011.
  118. Nancarrow, Dan (February 3, 2011). "Power down for weeks after Yasi". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on February 2, 2011. Retrieved February 3, 2011.
  119. Do G1, em São Paulo (February 4, 2011). "G1 – Apagão atinge parte do Nordeste – notícias em Brasil". Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  120. "Orion earthquake response – as of 21 March 2011" (PDF). Orion New Zealand. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 6, 2011. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
  121. Sohn, Pam (May 3, 2011). "TVA expects damaged transmission power lines repaired by end of summer". Archived from the original on May 24, 2011. Retrieved May 5, 2011.
  122. Sohn, Pam (May 3, 2011). "High-voltage power towers 'twisted like bow ties'". Archived from the original on May 24, 2011. Retrieved May 5, 2011.
  123. Chennai, June 30, DHNS (June 30, 2011). "Chennai plunges into darkness". Retrieved November 7, 2012.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  124. Flock, Elizabeth (July 11, 2011). "Cyprus naval base explosion leaves 12 dead, more than 60 injured". The Washington Post.
  125. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 19, 2011. Retrieved February 8, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  126. (July 23, 2011). "Lights go out in Meadow Lake – again | Local | News". Meadow Lake Progress. Archived from the original on January 28, 2013. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  127. "ComEd restores all power as heat wave rolls in". ABC 7 Chicago. Retrieved July 17, 2011.
  128. Gonzalez, Angel (August 29, 2011). "Utilities Scramble to Restore Power". The Wall Street Journal.
  129. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. "Arizona Southern California Outages on Sept 8, 2011" (PDF). FERC. Retrieved March 6, 2018.
  130. "Huge power outage leaves five million sweltering in California, Arizona, Mexico". The Boston Globe. September 9, 2011. Archived from the original on November 4, 2012.
  131. "Freak Blackouts Plunge Korea into Darkness". Chosun Ilbo. Retrieved August 4, 2012.
  132. "Corte de luz afecta desde la Cuarta a la Séptima Región | Nacional". La Tercera. Archived from the original on March 26, 2012. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  133. "Arirang News". October 30, 2011. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  134. "Cyprus blacked out in power station fault". April 4, 2012. Retrieved April 4, 2012.
  135. "12 Dead, Millions Powerless After Storms During Intense Heat Spell". CNN. July 1, 2012.
  136. "Massive power failure in North India: Delhi metro services hit".
  137. "Northern & Eastern grids collapse: Biggest power failure in India". July 31, 2012.
  138. "Superstorm Sandy: State-by-state snapshot". October 30, 2012. Archived from the original on October 30, 2012.
  139. "Assessing the Damage From Hurricane Sandy". October 29, 2012.
  140. McKenna, Kate (January 28, 2013). "Almost 250,000 homes without power as weather hits SEQ electricity grid". The Courier-Mail. Retrieved August 14, 2015.
  141. "Behemoth storm blankets Northeast with 2 feet of snow, darkens 650,000 homes, businesses". Archived from the original on February 9, 2013.
  142. "NIE confirm network fault caused Belfast blackout". BBC News. March 22, 2013.
  143. Kowlessar, Geisha (March 29, 2013). "Three major blackouts in three years". Retrieved August 7, 2019.
  144. Day, Matthew (April 1, 2013). "Heavy snow knocks power out for 100,000 in Poland". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  145. "Poola vaevleb lumetormi küüsis | Uudised | ERR". Archived from the original on July 1, 2013. Retrieved August 11, 2016.
  146. "Widespread blackout hits Luzon due to outage in five power plants | News | GMA News Online". May 8, 2013. Retrieved August 11, 2016.
  147. "Bangkok Post". Bangkok Post. Retrieved August 11, 2016.
  148. "Reckless public work causes massive outage in southern VN". tuoitrenews. May 22, 2013. Retrieved June 1, 2013.
  149. "DUYURU 24.09.2013 tarihinde yaşanan elektrik kesintisi..." October 1, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
  150. "Ice storm: Drizzle, winds could cause more damage as 300,000 across GTA still in the dark". The Star. Toronto. December 22, 2013.
  151. "Toronto ice storm: Down to 48,000 without power | National Post". December 27, 2013. Retrieved August 11, 2016.
  152. "26,780 remain powerless in mid-Michigan – Lansing State Journal – lan…". December 26, 2013. Archived from the original on December 26, 2013. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
  153. "DOE still in the dark on cause of Mindanao blackout". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved August 11, 2016.
  154. "Power restored to all localities". Times of Malta. Retrieved August 14, 2014.
  155. Rizk, Mariam (September 4, 2014). "Light gradually returns to Egypt after cities-wide blackout". Al-Ahram Weekly. Al-Ahram. Retrieved September 5, 2014.
  156. Fensome, Alex; Gates, Charley; Dastgheib, Shabnam (October 5, 2014). "Blaze blacks out Auckland suburbs". Fairfax NZ News. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  157. "Power disaster disaster situations". prothom alo. Archived from the original on November 3, 2014. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
  158. "Bangladesh Power Restored After Nationwide Blackout". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
  159. "ESKOM COLLAPSED SILO SITUATION 'VERY SERIOUS'". Eyewitness News. Retrieved November 24, 2014.
  160. "Eskom implements load shedding". News24. November 2, 2014. Retrieved November 24, 2014.
  161. "Eskom issues power emergency". News24. November 23, 2014. Retrieved November 24, 2014.
  162. "Widespread Blackout Hits Kuwait". ABC News. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
  163. "UPDATE 5-Power returns to Amsterdam after outage hits a million homes". Reuters. March 27, 2015. Retrieved March 31, 2015.
  164. "Turkey struck by biggest power cut in 15 years, investigation underway (VIDEO) – RT News". Retrieved March 31, 2015.
  165. "Windstorm: Crews restore power to more than 705,000 customers". Retrieved July 4, 2018.
  166. TEGNA (November 19, 2015). "Spokane Co. working to clear debris from 30 sites". Retrieved August 11, 2016.
  167. "33,000 customers without power in Spokane County | Northwest". November 23, 2015. Retrieved August 11, 2016.
  168. "Tens of thousands shivering without power in Washington city". Fox News. November 24, 2015. Retrieved August 11, 2016.
  169. "State of emergency, blackout in Russia's Crimea after transmission towers in Ukraine blown up". Archived from the original on November 25, 2015. Retrieved November 24, 2015.
  170. "Analysis of the Cyber Attack on the Ukrainian Power Grid" (PDF). Retrieved November 29, 2018.
  171. SAMUEL KARANJA More by this Author. "Monkey caused nationwide blackout, KenGen says – Daily Nation". Retrieved August 11, 2016.
  172. Ap, Tiffany (June 8, 2016). "Monkey causes nationwide blackout in Kenya". Retrieved August 11, 2016.
  173. Charles Ventura. "Most of Puerto Rico still in the dark after power plant fire".
  174. "SA power outage: how did it happen?". September 28, 2016.
  175. King, Andrew. "What caused South Australia's state-wide blackout?". Retrieved October 2, 2016.
  176. "Energy markets and the implications of renewables – Deloitte Australia – Deloitte Access Economics case study, solar, wind". Deloitte Australia. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
  177. 730K remain without power after Michigan wind storm, retrieved April 3, 2017
  178. "Central America hit by massive power outages – The Manila Times Online". July 2, 2017. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
  179. Dobrin, Isabel; Sidersky, Robyn (July 27, 2017). "More than 7,000 on Hatteras and Ocracoke are without power, and a fix could take days or weeks". The Virginian-Pilot. Retrieved August 10, 2017.
  180. Balouris, Marielena (August 7, 2017). "Life on Hatteras Island returning to normal after power outage". WAVY-TV. Retrieved August 10, 2017. The southern Outer Banks is officially in recovery mode after the eight-day-long power outage.
  181. |title=Tras apagón restituyen energía; OSE dice que se solucionaron fallas | date=August 26, 2017 | work=Diario EL PAIS Uruguay |access-date=August 27, 2017
  182. Robles, Frances; Bidgood, Jess (December 29, 2017). "Three Months After Maria, Roughly Half of Puerto Ricans Still Without Power". The New York Times. Retrieved January 3, 2018.
  183. "Puerto Rico In The Midst Of An Islandwide Blackout". Retrieved July 4, 2018.
  184. "1 Million Lose Power After Fierce Storm Hits Northeast". The New York Times. Retrieved October 30, 2017.
  185. "Major Power Outage Events". Retrieved December 11, 2017.
  186. "Complete power blackout hits Sudan". Xinhua Net. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
  187. News, A. B. C. (March 3, 2018). "Monster nor'easter pummels East Coast; at least 7 dead". ABC News. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
  188. "Tens of millions in northern Brazil hit by massive power outage". Reuters. March 21, 2018.
  189. CNN, Ray Sanchez, Leyla Santiago and Khushbu Shah. "Power returning to Puerto Rico after massive outage caused by fallen tree". Retrieved July 4, 2018.
  190. Florido, Adrian. "A Tree Falls In Puerto Rico, And 840,000 Customers Lose Power". Retrieved February 13, 2019.
  191. CNN, Madison Park and Steve Almasy. "Widespread power outage persists in Puerto Rico". Retrieved July 4, 2018.
  192. "Power Reported Restored After Baku Hit With Partial Second Blackout". Retrieved July 4, 2018.
  193. ja:苫東厚真発電所#平成30年北海道胆振東部地震において (Japanese language edition) Retributed date on September 26.
  194. "Hydro Ottawa on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved September 25, 2018.
  195. "Reportan apagón en 16 estados del país". El Nacional (in Spanish). Retrieved October 22, 2018.
  196. "Apa Itu Black Out? Ini Penyebab Listrik Sulsel Padam, Kapan Pemadaman Berakhir". (in Indonesian). Retrieved June 23, 2019.
  197. "SaskPower says frost-downed lines led to tripped power stations".
  198. "BC Hydro crews continue to repair damage after historic windstorm, extended outages expected". Retrieved December 28, 2018.
  199. "BC Hydro Outage List". Archived from the original on January 1, 2019. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  200. "B.C. windstorm: Thousands without power 'for days,' 1 dead". Retrieved December 28, 2018.
  201. "Venezuela: power returns after blackout but normal service may be a long way off". The Guardian. March 14, 2016. Retrieved March 17, 2019.
  202. "Four dead, hundreds detained after Venezuela blackout: rights groups". Reuters. March 14, 2019. Retrieved March 17, 2019.
  203. "Servicio eléctrico sigue sin restituirse totalmente tras el apagón nacional". El Nacional (in Spanish). March 18, 2019. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
  204. "Venezuela sufre el tercer apagón en solo tres semanas". Telemundo 51 (in Spanish). March 29, 2019. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
  205. "Huge power outage leaves most of Venezuela in darkness". Retrieved March 9, 2019.
  206. "Venezuela power flickers after worst blackout in decades". Retrieved March 9, 2019.
  207. Arroyo, Lorena (March 12, 2019). "Denuncian ONGs: apagón deja al menos 43 pacientes muertos en Venezuela" [NGOs denounce: blackout leaves at least 43 patients dead in Venezuela]. Univisión. Retrieved March 13, 2019.
  208. "More Than 200,000 Dallas-Area Customers Still Without Power Monday Night; Oncor Asks For Patience". June 10, 2019. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
  209. "Power Restored to 330,000 Customers". NBC 5 Dallas-Fort Worth. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
  210. "Important storm update information". Dallas City News. June 9, 2019. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
  211. "'Massive failure' leaves Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay with no power, utility says". June 16, 2019.
  212. "Histórico apagón en Argentina: el país entero sin luz". June 16, 2019.
  213. "During its peak more than 176,000 WPS and 100,000 WE Energies customers were without power after powerful storms moved through Wisconsin".
  214. "9 facts about Wisconsin's storm wreckage: Power's back, inmates are cleaning up, and more".
  215. "Northwoods power outage expected to last into Friday".
  216. "Power restoration work wrapping up after storms hit Michigan".
  217. "DTE: 14K remain without power in 6th day of storm-related outages".
  218. "DTE Energy details what went wrong with power outage estimates after storms".
  219. "Administration tracking outages across New Jersey that resulted in over 300,000 blackouts".
  220. "Wild weather scenes on social media reveal extent of storm damage across N.J."
  221. "Nearly 60,000 Still Without Power in New Jersey; Restoration Could Last Well Into Weekend".
  222. "N.J. storm power outages nearing full restoration. Just a few hundred remain in dark".
  223. "Power restored to some areas in Indonesia capital, parts of Java..." Reuters. August 4, 2019. Retrieved August 4, 2019.
  224. "Listrik Padam di Jabodetabek, MRT Tutup Layanan untuk Sementara". (in Indonesian). Retrieved August 4, 2019.
  225. "Listrik Mati Lagi di Sebagian Jabodetabek Senin Pagi, Kapan Menyala? Pantau di Situs PLN". (in Indonesian). Retrieved August 5, 2019.
  226. Bhwana, Petir Garda (August 4, 2019). "PLN: Power Outage due to Disruption of Electricity Plants in Java". Tempo. Retrieved August 4, 2019.
  227. Bhwana, Petir Garda (August 5, 2019). "PLN Gradually Recovers Electricity Supply". Tempo. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
  228. "Major power failure affects homes and transport". BBC News. August 9, 2019. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
  230. Tenerife sufre un apagón eléctrico en toda la isla
  231. "Après les vents violents, les clients d'Hydro-Québec devront faire preuve de patience".
  232. "Halloween thunderstorms smash the East Coast causing major damage".
  233. "Storm Amelie engulfs SW France: Giant Waves and 140,000 people in the dark".
  234. "Dirty fuel, aging generators blamed for 13-hour blackout". Barbados Today. November 19, 2019. Retrieved November 27, 2019.
  235. "Barbados Suffers Second Day of Major Power Outages". Reuters. November 19, 2019. Retrieved November 27, 2019.
  236. "Tens of thousands of Sydney homes are still without power this morning after a fast-moving storm of strong winds and hail lashed the city".
  237. "Power is still out to about 24,000 homes and businesses".

Further reading

This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.