List of living legitimate male Capetians

The Capetian dynasty is the largest dynasty in Europe, with over 120 living male members descended in the legitimate agnatic line. Since the extinction of the House of Courtenay in 1733, the House of Bourbon is the only remaining branch of legitimate descent.

Descendants in the male line of Louis XIV through his grandson Philip V of Spain are designated as House of Bourbon; descendants in the male line of Philip I, Duke of Orléans, are designated as House of Orléans. All those listed below are actually descendants of King Louis XIII; after the death in 1830 of Louis Henry II, the last Prince of Condé (descended from the youngest son of Charles, Duke of Vendôme), no other legitimate lines of descent from Hugh Capet continued to exist..

Patrilineal descent

The Capetian lineage can be traced back more than 1,200 years and is one of the oldest in Europe. The dynasty achieved royal status either in 888, at the election of Odo (a Robertian) to the crown of France, or in 987, at the election of Hugh Capet, making it the oldest Western European royal dynasty in existence.

  1. Robert II of Worms and Rheingau, 770–807
  2. Robert III of Worms and Rheingau, 800–834
  3. Robert the Strong, Margrave of Neustria, 830–866
  4. Robert I, King of the Franks, 866–923
  5. Hugh the Great, Duke of the Franks, 898–956
  6. Hugh Capet, King of the Franks, 939–996
  7. Robert II, King of the Franks, 972–1031
  8. Henry I, King of the Franks, 1008–1060
  9. Philip I, King of the Franks, 1052–1108
  10. Louis VI, King of the Franks, 1081–1137
  11. Louis VII, King of the Franks, 1120–1180
  12. Philip II, King of France, 1165–1223
  13. Louis VIII, King of France, 1187–1226
  14. Louis IX, King of France, 1214–1270
  15. Robert, Count of Clermont, 1256–1317
  16. Louis I, Duke of Bourbon, 1279–1342
  17. James I, Count of La Marche, 1319–1362
  18. John I, Count of La Marche, 1344–1393
  19. Louis, Count of Vendôme, c. 1376–1446
  20. John II, Count of Vendôme, 1425–1477
  21. Francis, Count of Vendôme, 1470–1495
  22. Charles, Duke of Vendôme, 1489–1537
  23. Antoine, King of Navarre, 1518–1562
  24. Henry IV, King of France, 1553–1610
  25. Louis XIII, King of France, 1601–1643

Ancestral lines of the Bourbons

Living Bourbon males born of Catholic marriages

House of Bourbon

  1.   Louis Alphonse de Bourbon, Duke of Anjou (Madrid 25.4.1974, aged 45), Aîné des Capétiens
  2.   Louis de Bourbon, Duke of Burgundy (New York 28.5.2010, aged 9)
  3.   Alphonse de Bourbon, Duke of Berry (New York 28.5.2010, aged 9)
  4.   Henri de Bourbon, Duke of Touraine (New York 1.2.2019, aged 0)

House of Bourbon-Spain

  1.   Juan Carlos I of Spain (Rome 5.1.1938, aged 81)
  2.   Felipe VI, King of Spain (Madrid 30.1.1968, aged 51)

House of Bourbon-Seville

  1.   Don Francisco de Borbón y Escasany, 5th Duke of Séville (Madrid 16.11.1943, aged 76)
  2.   Don Francisco de Borbón y Hardenberg (Madrid 21.1.1979, aged 40)
  3.   Don Alfonso Carlos de Borbón y Escasany (Madrid 10.2.1945, aged 74)
  4.   Don Alfonso de Borbón y Yordi (Madrid 16.11.1973, aged 46)
  5.   Don Enrique de Borbón y Garcia de Lobez (Madrid 18.3.1970, aged 49)
  1.   Don Carlos de Borbón y Oro (Ciempozuelos 26.6.1940, aged 79)
  1.   Enrique José de Borbón y Campos (Madrid 11.1.1948, aged 71)

Santa Elena branch

  • Alberto María de Borbón y Castellvi, 1st Duke of Santa Elena (1854-1939), eighth-generation descendant of Louis XIII
    • Alberto de Borbón y d'Ast, 2nd Duke of Santa Elena (1883-1959)
      • Alfonso María de Borbón y Pintó, Marquess of Santa Fe de Guardiola (1909-1938)
        • Alberto de Borbón y Perez del Pulgar, 3rd Duke of Santa Elena (1933-1995)
  1.   Don Alfonso de Borbón y Sanchiz, 4th Duke of Santa Elena (Madrid 31.3.1961, aged 58)
  2.   Don Alfonso de Borbón y Escrivá de Romani (Madrid 2.2.1995, aged 24)
  • Alberto María de Borbón y Castellvi, 1st Duke of Santa Elena (1854-1939)
    • Alberto de Borbón y d'Ast, 2nd Duke of Santa Elena (1883-1959)
      • Alfonso María de Borbón y Pintó, Marquess of Santa Fe de Guardiola (1909-1938)
        • Alfonso de Borbón y Perez del Pulgar (1937-2007)
          • Alfonso de Borbón y Medina (1963-2005)
  1.   Don Alfonso de Borbón y Pérez-Menzel (6.11.1999, aged 20)
  2.   Don Fernando de Borbón y Medina (Seville 15.6.1966, aged 53)
  3.   Fernando de Borbón y Vallejo (12.3.2001, aged 18)
  4.   Ignacio de Borbón y Vallejo (12.10.2005, aged 14)
  5.   Jamie Santiago de Borbón y Medina (Seville 19.7.1971, aged 48)

House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies

Calabria branch

  1.   Prince Pedro of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Duke of Calabria (Madrid 16.10.1968, aged 51)
  2.   Prince Juan of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (Madrid 18.4.2003, aged 16)
  3.   Prince Pablo of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (Madrid 28.6.2004, aged 15)
  4.   Prince Pedro of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (Madrid 3.1.2007, aged 12)

Castro branch

  1.   Prince Carlo of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Duke of Castro (St.Raphael 24.2.1963, aged 56)
  1.   Adrian de Bourbon (Warrington 7.4.1948, aged 71)
  2.   Philip de Bourbon (Harare 5.5.1977, aged 42)
  3.   Gregory de Bourbon (Warrington 2.1.1950, aged 69)
  4.   Christian de Bourbon (Vancouver 11.4.1974, aged 45)
  5.   Raymond de Bourbon (Harare 8.11.1978, aged 41)
  1.   Prince François of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (Ravensburg 20.6.1960, aged 59)
  2.   Prince Antoine of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (Geneva 6.6.2003, aged 16)
  3.   Prince Gennaro of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (Ravensburg 27.1.1966, aged 53)
  1.   Prince Casimir of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (Warsaw 8.11.1938, aged 81)
  2.   Prince Louis of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (Rio de Janeiro 28.11.1970, aged 49)
  3.   Prince Paulo Afonso of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (2014, aged 5)
  4.   Prince Alexander of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (São Paulo 9.8.1974, aged 45), priest

House of Bourbon-Parma

  1.   Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Parma, Duke of Parma (Nijmegen 27.1.1970, aged 49)
  2.   Carlos, Hereditary Prince of Bourbon-Parma (The Hague 24.4.2016, aged 3)
  3.   Prince Jaime of Bourbon-Parma, Count of Bardi (Nijmegen 13.10.1972, aged 47)
  4.   Prince Sixte Henri of Bourbon-Parma, Duke of Aranjuez (Pau 22.7.1940, aged 79)

Luxembourg branch

  1.   Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (Chat. Betzdorf 16.4.1955, aged 64)
  2.   Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg (Luxembourg 11.11.1981, aged 38)
  3.   Prince Félix of Luxembourg (Luxembourg 3.6.1984, aged 35)
  4.   Prince Liam of Nassau (Geneva 28.11.2016, aged 3)
  5.   Prince Louis of Luxembourg (Luxembourg 3.8.1986, aged 33)
  6.   Prince Noah of Nassau (Luxembourg 21.9.2007, aged 12)
  7.   Prince Sébastien of Luxembourg (Luxembourg 17.4.1992, aged 27)
  8.   Prince Jean of Luxembourg (Chat. Betzdorf 15.5.1957, aged 62)
  9.   Prince Constantin of Nassau (Paris 22.7.1988, aged 31)
  10.   Prince Wenceslas of Nassau (Paris 17.11.1990, aged 29)
  11.   Prince Carl-Johan of Nassau (Paris 15.8.1992, aged 27)
  12.   Prince Guillaume of Luxembourg (Chat. Betzdorf 1.5.1963, aged 56)
  13.   Prince Paul Louis of Nassau (Luxembourg 4.3.1998, aged 21)
  14.   Prince Léopold of Nassau (Luxembourg 2.5.2000, aged 19)
  15.   Prince Jean of Nassau (Luxembourg 13.7.2004, aged 15)
  1.   Prince Robert of Luxembourg (Fischbach 22.8.1968, aged 51)
  2.   Prince Alexandre of Nassau (Aix-en-Provence 18.4.1997, aged 22)
  3.   Prince Frederik of Nassau (Aix-en-Provence 18.3.2002, aged 17)

House of Bourbon-Parma

  1.   Prince Philippe of Bourbon-Parma (Copenhagen 22.1.1949, aged 70)
  2.   Jacques of Bourbon-Parma (Roskilde 3.1.1986, aged 33)
  3.   Joseph of Bourbon-Parma (Roskilde 6.6.1989, aged 30)
  4.   Prince Alain of Bourbon-Parma (Roskilde 15.5.1955, aged 64)
  1.   Prince Eric of Bourbon-Parma (Copenhagen 28.8.1953, aged 66)
  2.   Prince Michel of Bourbon-Parma (Lejre 12.2.1989, aged 30)
  3.   Prince Henri of Bourbon-Parma (Roskilde 14.10.1991, aged 28)
  4.   Prince Charles Emmanuel of Bourbon-Parma (Paris 3.6.1961, aged 58)
  5.   Prince Amaury of Bourbon-Parma (Paris 30.10.1991, aged 28)
  1.   Axel of Bourbon-Parma (Paris 18.9.1967, aged 52)
  2.   Côme of Bourbon-Parma (Neuilly 7.5.1997, aged 22)
  1.   Louis of Bourbon-Parma (Paris 25.6.1966, aged 53)
  2.   Guy of Bourbon-Parma (Genolier, CH 6.2.1995, aged 24)
  3.   Prince Rémy of Bourbon-Parma (Cannes 14.7.1942, aged 77)
  4.   Tristan of Bourbon-Parma (Cannes 30.6.1974, aged 45)
  5.   Prince Jean Bernard of Bourbon-Parma (Cannes 15.10.1961, aged 58)
  6.   Arnaud de Bourbon (Cannes 26.10.1989, aged 30)
  7.   Christophe de Bourbon (Mandelieu 4.7.1991, aged 28)
All those listed above are descendants of Louis XIV, King of France

House of Orléans

  1.   Jean d'Orléans, Count of Paris (Boulogne-Billancourt 19.5.1965, aged 54)
  2.   Prince Gaston d'Orléans (Paris 19.11.2009, aged 10)
  3.   Prince Joseph d'Orléans (Dreux 2.6.2016, aged 3)
  4.   Eudes d'Orléans, Duke of Angoulême (Paris 18.3.1968, aged 51)
  5.   Prince Martin d'Orléans (Orleans 23.7.2004, aged 16)
  1.   Michel d'Orléans, Count of Evreux (Rabat, Maroc 25.6.1941, aged 78)
  2.   Charles Philippe d'Orléans, Duke of Anjou (Paris 3.3.1973, aged 46)
  3.   Prince François d'Orléans, Count of Dreux (Madrid 10.2.1939, aged 80)
  4.   Prince Philippe d'Orléans (12.5.2017, aged 2)
  5.   Jacques d'Orléans, Duke of Orleans (Rabat, Maroc 25.6.1941, aged 78)
  6.   Charles-Louis d'Orléans, Duke of Chartres (Neuilly-sur-Seine 11.7.1972, aged 47)
  7.   Prince Philippe d'Orléans (Buenos Aires 3.11.1998, aged 21)
  8.   Prince Constantin d'Orléans (Paris 15.2.2003, aged 16)
  9.   Foulques d'Orléans, Duke of Aumale (Paris 9.7.1974, aged 45)
  1.   Robert d'Orléans, Count of La Marche (Edinburgh 6.9.1976, aged 43)

House of Orléans-Braganza

Petrópolis branch

  1.   Prince Pedro Carlos of Orléans-Braganza (Rio de Janeiro 31.10.1945, aged 74)
  2.   Prince Pedro Thiago of Orléans-Braganza (Petropolis 12.1.1979, aged 40)
  3.   Prince Filipe of Orléans-Braganza (Brasília 31.12.1982, aged 36)
  4.   Prince Alfonso Duarte of Orléans-Braganza (Petrópolis 25.4.1948, aged 71)
  5.   Prince Manoel Alvaro of Orléans-Braganza (Petropolis 17.6.1949, aged 70)
  6.   Prince Manoel Alfonso of Orléans-Braganza (Sevilla 9.4.1981, aged 38)
  7.   Prince Francisco Humberto of Orléans-Braganza (Petropolis 9.12.1956, aged 62)
  8.   Prince Francisco Teodoro of Orléans-Braganza (Petropolis 25.9.1979, aged 40)
  9.   Prince Gabriel of Orléans-Braganza (Petropolis 13.11.1989, aged 30)
  1.   Prince João Henrique of Orléans-Braganza (Rio de Janeiro 25.4.1954, aged 65)
  2.   Prince João Felipe of Orléans-Braganza (Rio de Janeiro 27.11.1986, aged 33)
  3.   Prince João Antônio of Orléans-Braganza (Singapore 21.6.2017, aged 2)

Vassouras branch


  1.   Prince Luiz of Orléans-Braganza (Mandelieu 6.6.1938, aged 81)
  2.   Prince Eudes of Orléans-Braganza (Mandelieu 8.6.1939, aged 80)
  3.   Luiz Filipe of Orléans-Braganza (Rio de Janeiro 3.4.1969, aged 50)
  4.   Maximiliano of Orléans-Braganza (Rio de Janeiro 14.6.2012, aged 7)
  5.   Prince Bertrand of Orléans-Braganza (Mandelieu 2.2.1941, aged 78)
  6.   Prince Pedro de Alcântara of Orléans-Braganza (Petropolis 1.12.1945, aged 74)
  7.   Gabriel of Orléans-Braganza (Rio de Janeiro 1.12.1980, aged 39)
  8.   Gabriel of Orléans-Braganza (Rio de Janeiro 12.4.2013, aged 6)
  9.   Prince Fernando of Orléans-Braganza (Petropolis 2.2.1948, aged 71)
  10.   Prince Antonio of Orléans-Braganza (Rio de Janeiro 24.6.1950, aged 69)
  11.   Prince Rafael of Orléans-Braganza (Rio de Janeiro 24.4.1986, aged 33)
  12.   Prince Francisco of Orléans-Braganza (Jacarezinho 6.4.1955, aged 64)
  13.   Prince Alberto of Orléans-Braganza (Jundiai do Sol 23.6.1957, aged 62)
  14.   Pedro Alberto of Orléans-Braganza (Rio de Janeiro 31.5.1988, aged 31)
  15.   Antonio of Orléans-Braganza (Rio de Janeiro 29.5.1997, aged 22)

House of Orléans-Galliera

  1.   Alfonso de Orléans-Borbón, Duke of Galliera (Santa Cruz, Teneriffe 2.1.1968, aged 51)
  2.   Don Alonso Juan de Orléans-Borbón (Paris 15.7.1994, aged 25)
  3.   Don Alvaro de Orléans-Borbón (Santa Cruz, Teneriffe, 4.10.1969, aged 50)
  4.   Don Aiden de Orléans-Borbón (Spain, 19.6.2009, aged 10)
  5.   Don Alvaro Jaime de Orléans-Borbón (Rome 1.3.1947, aged 72)
  6.   Don Andrea de Orléans-Borbón (Rome 9.7.1976, aged 43)
  7.   Don Alois de Orléans-Borbón (Rome 24.3.1979, aged 40)
  8.   Don Alonso de Orléans-Borbón (Madrid 23.3.2010, aged 9)

(In French, the list comes to 117 people)

All those listed above are descendants of Louis XIII, King of France

Dynastic claims

According to the "Legitimist" faction of French royalists, all male descendants of Hugh Capet in the legitimate male line are dynasts of the Kingdom of France. According to them, the current heir to the French throne, if restored, is Louis Alphonse, Duke of Anjou.

Traditional "legitimacy" is based on the old rules that existed in the Ancien Régime of the Kingdom of France; civil marriages were then non-existent. Eudes de Orléans-Bragança (b. 1977) and his brother Guy de Orléans-Bragança (b. 1985), sons of Prince Eudes of Orléans-Braganza, were born of civil marriage only, since their father did not obtain an annulment for his first marriage. Consequently, they are regarded as illegitimate according to canon law. Legitimated children, born before their parents' marriage, such as the eldest sons of the Duke of Noto and Louis de Luxembourg, were also excluded from the list.

According to the Orleanist faction of French royalists, the current heir to the French throne, if restored, is Jean d'Orléans, Count of Paris. They consider foreigners ineligible to inherit the French throne, or at least the line of descent from Philip V of Spain (who renounced the French throne). The Orleanist order of succession is limited to the senior line of the House of Orleans (the cadet branches of Orleans-Braganza and Orleans-Galliera, and the descendants of Philip V of Spain are considered foreigners). However, François d'Orléans, Count of Clermont, had been disinherited due to mental disability, and the branches of Michel d'Orléans, Count of Evreux and Jacques d'Orléans, Duke of Orleans (fraternal twins) are reversed according to "historical French primogeniture".


The renunciations of rights to thrones have created rival claims and disputes among the existing branches of the House of Bourbon.

The first of these is the renunciation, in 1713, of Philip V of Spain, grandson of Louis XIV of France, of his rights to the French throne. Such renunciation is invalid under the fundamental laws of that kingdom; in France, the right of succession to the throne was considered an inalienable right, so that the king should always be the senior male descendant of Hugh Capet. Nevertheless, the act was of no practical value until the extinction of the male line of Louis XV of France, which did not occur until 1883. By then the monarchy was no more, and most of the remaining royalists supported the Count of Paris, descendant of Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, brother of Louis XIV.

Charles III of Spain ordained that the Kingdoms of Spain and Two Sicilies ought never to be united. In context, the semi-Salic law of succession then operated in Spain, with Two Sicilies as a secundogeniture if that throne is vacant. In 1900, Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies renounced his rights of succession to the throne of Two Sicilies, upon his marriage to Mercedes, Princess of Asturias. This made his children heirs presumptive to the Spanish throne. But Alfonso XII and his line pushed them farther down the line of succession, while the death of Ferdinand, Carlos' elder brother, made them immediate heirs to the defunct throne of Two Sicilies. Carlos' son Infante Alfonso, Duke of Calabria, reclaimed his rights, to which his uncle, Prince Ranieri, Duke of Castro, objected. The dispute is still unresolved; the Calabria claimant is supported by Spain, while the Castro claimant is supported by other royal houses and the other members of the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies.

In 1908, Pedro de Alcântara, Prince of Grão-Pará, wished to marry Countess Elisabeth Dobržensky de Dobrženicz. Although a Bohemian noblewoman, she did not belong to a royal or reigning dynasty. The constitution of the Brazilian empire did not require dynasts to marry equally, but made the marriage of the heir to the throne dependent upon the Sovereign's consent. The pretender to the throne was Pedro's mother, who wanted her children to marry royalty, in order to increase the prospects of a restoration. As a result, he renounced his succession rights to the throne of Brazil. Thus the Vassouras branch, descendants of his younger brother, Prince Luís of Orléans-Braganza, became the heirs of the Brazilian monarchy. But in 1940, Prince Pedro Gastão of Orléans-Braganza, Pedro's son, rejected his father's renunciation and claimed the headship of the Brazilian Imperial House.

Other renunciations

  • Infante Jaime, Duke of Segovia, renounced his rights to the Spanish throne for himself and his descendants in 1933 due to his deafness. In 1949, he retracted his renunciation of the throne of Spain, but in 1969, Don Jaime definitively renounced the Spanish succession in favour of his nephew, King Juan Carlos I of Spain, by petition of his son Alfonso de Borbón.
  • Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg renounced the titles of the House of Bourbon-Parma for himself and his family in 1986[2] when his eldest son, then-Hereditary Grand Duke Henri married Maria-Theresa Mestre. The reason for this was that the Duke of Parma, Carlos Hugo, ruled the marriage unequal in 1981, as well as the marriage of Prince Jean of Luxembourg to Hélène Suzanna Vestur in 1987, for which he renounced his rights to Luxembourg in 1986.
  • Prince Louis of Luxembourg, renounced his right of succession for himself and his heirs upon his morganatic marriage in 2006.

See also

Notes and references

  1. Badts de Cugnac, Chantal de; Coutant de Saisseval, Guy (2002). Le Petit Gotha. France: Laballery. pp. 303–305, 309, 318–319. ISBN 2-9507974-3-1.
  2. Grand Ducal Decree, 28 July 1986
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