List of legal abbreviations

It is common practice in legal documents to cite to other publications by using standard abbreviations for the title of each source. Abbreviations may also be found for common words or legal phrases. Such citations and abbreviations are found in court decisions, statutes, regulations, journal articles, books, and other documents. Below is a basic list of very common abbreviations. Because publishers adopt different practices regarding how abbreviations are printed, one may find abbreviations with or without periods for each letter. For example, the Code of Federal Regulations may appear abbreviated as "C.F.R." or just as "CFR."

For abbreviations not found in this list, here are alternate websites to search:

For legal abbreviations not found online, try searching one of the following print sources. These publications are regularly found at law and other libraries.

  • Columbia Law Review Association, Inc., Harvard Law Review Association, University of Pennsylvania Law Review, and Yale Law Journal (Eds.) (2015). The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation. 20th ed. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Law Review Association.
  • Garner, Brian. Black's Law Dictionary. 10th ed. St. Paul, MN: West Pub. Co., 2014.
  • Jowitt's Dictionary of English Law. 4th ed., 2015.[1]
  • McGill Law Journal. Canadian Guide to Uniform Legal Citation. 6th ed. Toronto: Carswell, 2006.
  • Prince, Mary Miles. Bieber's Dictionary of Legal Abbreviations. 6th ed. Buffalo, NY: Hein, 2009. Bieber's Dictionary of Legal Abbreviations, 5th ed. at Google Books
  • Trinxet, Salvador. Template:Trinxet Dictionary of Legal Abbreviations and Acronyms Series. A Law Reference Collection, 2011, ISBN 1624680003 and ISBN 978-1-62468-000-7
  • Trinxet, Salvador. Trinxet Reverse Dictionary of Legal Abbreviations and Acronyms, 2011, ISBN 1624680011 and ISBN 978-1-62468-001-4.
  • Raistrick, Donald. Index to Legal Citations and Abbreviations. 3rd ed. London: Sweet & Maxwell, 2008. This book focuses more on British and non-American/international abbreviations.
  • Kavass, World Dictionary of Legal Abbreviations

List Of Common Legal Abbreviations Or Terms


  • © — Copyright, meaning someone claims ownership of the text, book, music, software, etc.
  • ® — Registered Trademark (typically a word or phrase identifying a company or product, e.g. Coca-Cola)
  • — Trademark
  • § — Paragraph or section
  • §§ — Paragraphs or sections








  • ER — Employer
  • EE — Employee
  • et als. — et alia, Latin for "and others"
  • et seq. — et sequens, Latin for "and following"










  • o/b/o — on behalf of
  • Ors — "Others" (see also, Anor, Anors)



  • QDRO — Qualified Domestic Relations Order


  • R — Rex or Regina
  • R.E. or R/E — Real Estate
  • Relv. — Relevant
  • Rescr. — Rescriptum
  • Resp. — Responsum
  • Rev. Proc. — Revenue Procedure (published in IRB)
  • Rev. Rul. — Revenue Ruling (published in IRB)
  • R J -
    • Canon law: Regulæ Juris of Boniface VIII (sometimes abbreviated "RI")
    • Common law: Recurring Judgement. (published in All In Reports)
  • R.I.A.A. - Reports of International Arbitral Awards



  • T.C. — Reported decisions of the United States Tax Court
  • T.D. — Treasury Decision
  • or TM — Trademark (such as a word or phrase identifying a company or product)



  • v. — versus. Used when plaintiff is listed first on a case title. John Doe v. Richard Roe.

See also "ad." above. "vs." is used in most scholarly writing in other fields, but "v." alone in legal writing.





See also


  1. London: Sweet & Maxwell. ISBN 9780414051140
  2. Beal, New Commentary xxii
  3. "See, e.g., Mathis v. McDonald, 834 F. 3d 1347 (Fed. Cir., 2016) (denial of hearing en banc), cert. denied, Mathis v. Shulkin, U.S. No. 16-677, slip op. (Sotomayor, J., statement) (June 26, 2017)" (PDF). United States Supreme Court. Retrieved October 11, 2017.
  4. For more information on official, unofficial, and authenticated online state laws and regulations, see Matthews & Baish, State-by-State Authentication of Online Legal Resources,American Association of Law Libraries, 2007.
  5. Beal, New Commentary xxvii
  • Beal, John P. et al., eds. New Commentary on the Code of Canon Law (New York/Mahway, NJ: Paulist Press, 2000).
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.