List of leaders of the Official Opposition of Quebec

This is a list of the leaders of the opposition party of Quebec, Canada since Confederation (1867).

Note that the leader of the Opposition is not always the leader of the political party with the second-largest number of seats, in cases where the leader of that party does not have a seat.

There was no Leader of the Opposition until March 1869, when the government's second budget was introduced.

NameElectoral district
Took OfficeLeft OfficeParty
     Henri-Gustave Joly de LotbinièreLotbinière
     Joseph-Adolphe ChapleauTerrebonne
     Henri-Gustave Joly de LotbinièreLotbinière
     Honoré MercierSaint-Hyacinthe
     Louis-Olivier TaillonMontcalm
     Jean BlanchetBeauce
     Félix-Gabriel MarchandSaint-Jean
     Edmund James FlynnGaspé
(Gaspésie—Îles-de-la-Madeleine) until 1900
(Centre-du-Québec) after 1900
     Pierre-Évariste Leblanc[2]Laval
     Joseph-Mathias TellierJoliette
     Philémon Cousineau[3]Jacques-Cartier
     Arthur SauvéDeux-Montagnes
     Camillien HoudeMontréal-Sainte-Marie
     Charles Ernest Gault[4]Montréal-Saint-Georges
     Maurice DuplessisTrois-Rivières
     Télesphore-Damien Bouchard[6]Saint-Hyacinthe
  Maurice DuplessisTrois-Rivières
19391944Union Nationale
     Adélard GodboutL'Islet
     George Carlyle Marler[7]Westmount-Saint-Georges
     Georges-Émile Lapalme[8]Montréal-Outremont
  Yves Prévost[9]Montmorency
19601961Union Nationale
  Antonio Talbot[10]Chicoutimi
19611961Union Nationale
  Daniel Johnson, Sr.Bagot
19611966Union Nationale
     Jean LesageLouis-Hébert
     Robert BourassaMercier
  Jean-Jacques BertrandMissisquoi
(Eastern Townships)
19701971Union Nationale
  Gabriel LoubierBellechasse
19711973Union Nationale[11]
  Jacques-Yvan Morin[12]Sauvé
19731976Parti Québécois
     Gérard D. Levesque[13]Bonaventure
     Claude RyanArgenteuil
     Gérard D. Levesque[14]Bonaventure
     Robert BourassaBertrand
  Pierre-Marc JohnsonAnjou
19851987Parti Québécois
  Guy Chevrette[15]Joliette
19871989Parti Québécois
  Jacques ParizeauL'Assomption
19891994Parti Québécois
     Daniel Johnson, Jr.Vaudreuil
     Monique Gagnon-Tremblay[16]Saint-François
(Eastern Townships)
     Jean CharestSherbrooke
(Eastern Townships)
  Bernard LandryVerchères
20032005Parti Québécois
  Louise Harel[17]Hochelaga-Maisonneuve
20052006Parti Québécois
  André BoisclairPointe-aux-Trembles
20062007Parti Québécois
  Mario DumontRivière-du-Loup
20072008Action démocratique du Québec
  Pauline MaroisCharlevoix
20082012Parti Québécois
     Jean-Marc FournierSaint-Laurent
     Philippe CouillardOutremont
  Stéphane Bédard[18]Chicoutimi
20142015Parti Québécois
  Pierre Karl PéladeauSaint-Jérôme
20152016Parti Québécois
  Sylvain GaudreaultJonquière
20162016Parti Québécois
  Jean-François LiséeRosemont
20162018Parti Québécois
     Pierre ArcandMont-Royal–Outremont


  1. In the aftermath of the execution of Louis Riel, Honoré Mercier founded the Parti National, in order to bring Conservative dissidents to the Liberal Party. From 1885 to 1891, the Liberal Party is also called Parti National.
  2. Pierre-Évariste Leblanc lost his seat to the legislature in 1908. Joseph-Mathias Tellier succeeded him as Conservative Leader.
  3. Philémon Cousineau lost his seat to the legislature in 1916. Arthur Sauvé succeeded him as Conservative Leader.
  4. Conservative Leader Camillien Houde lost his seat to the legislature. Charles Ernest Gault served as acting Leader.
  5. In 1935, the Conservatives formed a coalition with the Action libérale nationale (ALN). The ALN ran 60 candidates and won 26 seats. The Conservatives ran 30 candidates and won 16 seats. However, Maurice Duplessis served as leader of the coalition and therefore remained Leader of the Opposition.
  6. Liberal Leader Adélard Godbout lost his seat to the legislature and could not serve as Leader of the Opposition.
  7. Liberal Leader Adélard Godbout lost his seat to the legislature. His successor, Georges-Émile Lapalme, was defeated in Joliette in 1952. George Marler served as Acting Leader of the Opposition until 1953, when Lapalme won a by-election.
  8. Jean Lesage became Liberal Leader in 1958, but Georges-Émile Lapalme remained Leader of the opposition until Lesage won a seat to the legislature in 1960.
  9. Following the resignation of Union Nationale Leader Antonio Barrette, Yves Prévost served as Acting Leader.
  10. Following the resignation of Yves Prévost, Antonio Talbot served as Acting Leader.
  11. From October 25, 1971 to January 14, 1973 the Union Nationale was called Unité Québec.
  12. Parti Québécois Leader René Lévesque was defeated in Dorion and could not serve as Leader of the Opposition.
  13. Liberal Leader Robert Bourassa lost his seat to the legislature. Gérard D. Levesque served as Acting Leader until Claude Ryan, who became leader in 1978, won a by-election.
  14. Following the resignation of Claude Ryan, Gérard D. Levesque served as Acting Leader.
  15. Following the resignation of Pierre Marc Johnson, Guy Chevrette served as Acting Leader and remained Leader of the opposition until new leader Jacques Parizeau won a seat to the legislature in 1989.
  16. Monique Gagnon-Tremblay served as Acting Leader of the Opposition until Jean Charest won a seat to the legislature in 1998.
  17. Following the resignation of Bernard Landry, Louise Harel served as Acting Leader and remained Leader of the opposition until new leader André Boisclair won a by-election.
  18. Assumed the position of Leader of the Opposition as a result of party leader Premier Pauline Marois losing her seat in the general election and resigning as party leader. Bédard was interim leader until a new leader was elected in a leadership election in 2015.

See also

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