List of last survivors of historical events

A historical event can be defined as any occurrence from the past regardless of significance,[1] with the term "history" an umbrella term relating to past events and any associated memories, discoveries, collections, organizations, presentations, and/or interpretations of them. This differs from a historic event which is often less inclusive, and stands out as having made a significant impact on history itself.[2]

The following is a list of notable people documented as the last living individuals to have witnessed, survived or participated in significant historical events or whom were the last living members of a historic group that directly contributed to such an event (e.g. Manhattan Project scientists). Excluded from this list are last living survivors of wars, speakers of languages, and others who are already recorded on pages representing more narrow categories.

  Background shading indicates individuals still living

Before 1701

Name Death Distinction Date ended
Narmer c. 3100 BC Last king of Upper Egypt and First pharaoh of Unified Egypt 3150 BC
Lucius Tarquinius Superbus c. 495 BC Last King of Rome 509 BC
Seleucus I Nicator c. September 281 BC (aged ~77) Last of the original Diadochi of Alexander the Great 11 June 323 BC
Ankhmakis c. 185 BC Last Native Egyptian Pharaoh c. 185 BC
John the Apostle c. 100 (aged 93–94) Last Apostle and the last known witness to the Crucifixion 3 April 33
Julian the Apostate 26 June 363 (aged 32) Last pagan Roman Emperor 26 June 363
Romulus Augustulus c. 507 Last Western Roman Emperor 4 September 476
Wehha of East Anglia c. 571 Last native Saxon invader in the British Isles 493-560s
Childeric III c. 754 (aged ~37) Last Frankish king from the Merovingian dynasty March 751
Alfred the Great 26 October 899 (aged ~51) Last King of Wessex and First King of the Anglo-Saxons 886
Æthelstan 27 October 939 (aged ~45) Last King of the Anglo-Saxons and First King of the English 927
Pope John XII 14 May 964 (aged 27–34) Last Pope elected of the Pornocracy 16 December 955
Adelaide, Countess of Vermandois 23 September 1123 (aged ~40) Last member of the Carolingian dynasty c. 1020
Henry I of England 1 December 1135 (aged 66–67) Last member of the House of Normandy 1 December 1135
Alfonso VII of León and Castile 21 August 1157 (aged 52) Last Emperor of All Spain 21 August 1157
Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair 2 December 1198 (aged ~82) Last High King of Ireland before the Norman invasion 2 December 1198
Pope Honorius IV 3 April 1287 (aged 76–77) Last Married Pope 3 April 1287
Swietopelk II, Duke of Pomerania 11 January 1266 (aged 66–76) Last participant of the Gąsawa massacre 24 November 1227
Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York 1 August 1402 (aged 61) Last Issue of Edward III of England 7 January 1355
Pope Urban VI 15 October 1389 (age 70-71) Last Non-Cardinal Pope 15 October 1389
Antipope Felix V 7 January 1451 (aged 67) Last Antipope 7 April 1449
Constantine XI Palaiologos 29 May 1453 (aged 48) Last Byzantine Emperor 29 May 1453
Sophia Palaiologina 7 April 1503 (aged 54–63) Last member of the Imperial Byzantine court
Henry VI of England 21 May 1471 (aged 49) Last sovereign of the Hundred Years' War 19 October 1453
Margaret Pole, Countess of Salisbury 27 May 1541 (aged 67) Last Plantagenet 22 August 1485
Last member of the House of York
Sancho de Tovar c. 1547 (aged 75–82) Last known member of the Second Portuguese India Armada 9 March 1500
Last known witness of the Discovery of Brazil 22 April 1500
Pope Alexander VI 18 August 1503 (age 72) Last Borgia Pope 18 August 1503
Cuauhtémoc 1525 (age 27-28) Last Aztec Emperor 13 August 1521
Don Mancio Serra de Leguízamo[3][4] 18 September 1589 (aged 78) Last known conquistador who participated in the capture of Atahualpa 16 November 1532
Atahualpa 26 July 1533 (aged 31) Last Sapa Inca 26 July 1533
António, Prior of Crato 26 August 1595 (aged 64) Last noble of the House of Aviz 31 January 1580
Mary Allerton 28 November 1699 (aged 83) Last passenger of the Mayflower 11 November 1620
John Alden 12 September 1687 (aged 88) Last signer of the Mayflower Compact
Richard Bellingham 7 December 1672 (aged 80) Last signer of the Massachusetts Colonial Charter 4 March 1629
Gaspar de Bracamonte, 3rd Count of Peñaranda 14 December 1676 (aged ~81) Last known diplomat of The Peace of Westphalia 24 October 1648
Edmund Ludlow c.1692 (aged ~75) Last regicide of Charles I of England 30 January 1649
Francisco Barreto de Meneses 21 January 1688 (aged ~72) Last known commander Portuguese Brazilian of the Pernambuco Insurrection 16 February 1649
Sir Christopher Wren 8 March 1723 (aged 90) Last founder of the Royal Society 28 November 1660
Françoise Marie de Bourbon 1 February 1749 (aged 72) Last legitimate issue of Louis XIV of France 6 June 1678

According to the consensus of modern Biblical studies and 1st century historians, this distinction is not verifiable, but instead is to be considered accurate according to tradition.

1701–1800

Name Death Distinction Date ended
Peter the Great 8 February 1725 (aged 52) Last Tsar of Russia and first Emperor of All Russia 22 October 1721
John Fortescue[5][6] 9 May 1808 (aged 87) Last sailor who took part in George Anson's voyage around the world 15 June 1744
George Dance the Younger 14 January 1825(1825-01-14) (aged 83) Last founder of the Royal Academy of Arts 10 December 1768
Isaac Smith 2 July 1831(1831-07-02) (aged 78–79) Last participant of James Cook's first voyage 12 July 1771
George Robert Twelves Hewes 5 November 1840(1840-11-05) (aged 98) Last survivor of the Boston Massacre 5 March 1770
Last participant of the Boston Tea party 16 December 1773
Ephraim Bowen[7][8] 2 September 1841(1841-09-02) (aged 88) Last individual involved in the Gaspée Affair 10 June 1772
John Hatley 12 December 1832(1832-12-12) (aged 69–70) Last participant of James Cook's second voyage 30 July 1775
Charles Carroll 14 November 1832(1832-11-14) (aged 95) Last signer of the United States Declaration of Independence 4 July 1776
William Henry Harrison 4 April 1841(1841-04-04) (aged 68) Last President of the United States to be born a British subject
Conrad Heyer 19 February 1856 (aged 106) Last person to have crossed the Delaware with George Washington 26 December 1776
Andrew Jackson 8 June 1845(1845-06-08) (aged 78) Last President of the United States to have served in the American Revolution 25 April 1781
Túpac Amaru II 18 May 1781(1781-05-18) (aged 43) Last surviving descendant of the Sapa Inca's 18 May 1781
John Jay 17 May 1829(1829-05-17) (aged 83) Last signer of the Treaty of Paris 3 September 1783
James Madison 28 June 1836(1836-06-28) (aged 85) Last signer of The United States Constitution 17 September 1787
Elizabeth Thackery 7 August 1856 (aged 89) Last survivor of the First Fleet 20 January 1788
Barthélemy de Lesseps[9] 4 June 1834(1834-06-04) (aged 68) Last partipant of the scientific expedition led by Jean-François de Galaup, comte de Lapérouse 1788
John Armstrong Jr. 1 April 1843(1843-04-01) (aged 84) Last delegate to the Continental Congress 2 March 1789
John Adams 5 March 1829(1829-03-05) (aged 61) Last mutineer of HMS Bounty 28 April 1789
Michel Eugène Chevreul 9 April 1889 (aged 102) Last Frenchman scientist born before the French Revolution 5 May 1789
Nicolas Savin 29 November 1894(1894-11-29) (aged 107) Last known Frenchman born before the French Revolution
Padre Manuel Rodrigues da Costa 19 January 1844 (aged 89) Last member of the Minas Gerais Conspiracy 15 June 1789
Arthur Dardenne[10] 8 September 1872(1872-09-08) (aged 95–96) Last participant of the Storming of the Bastille 14 July 1789
Ludovico Manin 24 October 1802(1802-10-24) (aged 77) Last Doge of Venice 12 May 1797
Augusta Hejnek 1 March 1908(1908-03-01) (aged 108) Last known person born in the 1700s 31 December 1799
Salome Sellers 9 January 1909(1909-01-09) (aged 108) Last known person born in the 18th century 31 December 1800

1801–1850

Name Death Distinction Date ended
Francis II 2 March 1835(1835-03-02) (aged 67) Last Holy Roman Emperor 6 August 1806
Patrick Gass 2 April 1870(1870-04-02) (aged 98) Last member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition 23 September 1806
Henry Benedict Stuart 13 July 1807(1807-07-13) (aged 82) Last surviving member of the House of Stuart 13 July 1807
James Madison 28 June 1836(1836-06-28) (aged 85) Last sitting President of the United States to lead American troops in battle 24 August 1814
James Buchanan 1 June 1868(1868-06-01) (aged 77) Last President of the United States to have served in the War of 1812 14 September 1814
Henry Goulburn 12 January 1856(1856-01-12) (aged 71) Last signer of the Treaty of Ghent 24 December 1814
André Marie Jean Jacques Dupin 11 August 1865(1865-08-11) (aged 82) Last delegate to the Congress of Vienna June 1815
Seth Weeks 12 September 1887 (aged 84) Last survivor of the sinking of the whaleship Essex 20 November 1820
Joaquim José de Sousa Breves 30 September 1889 (aged 85) Last witness of the Cry of Ipiranga 7 September 1822
Benedetto Barberini 10 April 1863(1863-04-10) (aged 74) Last participant in the conclave that elected Pope Pius VIII 31 March 1829
Last participant in the conclave that elected Pope Gregory XVI and last cardinal created by Pope Leo XII 2 February 1831
Cesare Nembrini Pironi Gonzaga 5 December 1837(1837-12-05) (aged 69) Last cardinal created by Pope Pius VIII 30 November 1830
Laureano Tacuavé Martínez c. 1850 (aged c. 41) Last charrúa exhibited to the public as a circus attraction 11 November 1833
William Carroll Crawford[11] 3 September 1895(1895-09-03) (aged 90) Last signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence 2 March 1836
Alijo Perez Jr. 21 October 1918(1918-10-21) (aged 83) Last Texian survivor of the Battle of the Alamo 6 March 1836
Thomas Patrickson[12] 15 October 1914(1914-10-15) (aged 85–86) Last participant of the Second voyage of HMS Beagle 2 October 1836
Rebecca Tickaneesky Neugin[13][14] 15 July 1932(1932-07-15) (aged 97–98) Last Cherokee survivor of the Trail of Tears 1839
Milvern Harrell[15][16] 10 August 1910(1910-08-10) (aged 86) Last Texian survivor of the Dawson Massacre 17 September 1842
François X. Matthieu 4 February 1914(1914-02-04) (aged 95) Last participant at the Champoeg Meetings 2 May 1843
Friedrich Schwarzenberg 27 March 1885(1885-03-27) (aged 75) Last participant in the conclave that elected Pope Pius IX and last cardinal created by Pope Gregory XVI 16 June 1846
Walter T. Avery[17] 10 June 1904(1904-06-10) (aged 90) Last participant of the first official baseball game 19 June 1846
Margaret Isabella Breen McMahon[18] 25 March 1935(1935-03-25) (aged 89) Last survivor of the Donner Party 29 April 1847
James Stephens Brown[19][20] 25 March 1902(1902-03-25) (aged 73) Last witness to the discovery of Gold at Sutter's Mill 28 January 1848
Ulysses S. Grant 23 July 1885(1885-07-23) (aged 63) Last President of the United States to have served in the Mexican–American War 3 February 1848
Charlotte L. Woodward Peirce[21][22] 15 March 1924(1924-03-15) (aged 94) Last participant in the Seneca Falls Convention 20 July 1848
Last signer of the Declaration of Sentiments

1851–1900

Name Death Distinction Date ended
Thomas Kelly[23] 14 April 1932(1932-04-14) (aged 83) Last survivor of the Birkenhead disaster 26 February 1852
Millard Fillmore 8 March 1874(1874-03-08) (aged 74) Last Whig President of the United States and last President who was neither a Democrat nor a Republican 4 March 1853
Edwin Hughes 18 April 1927(1927-04-18) (aged 96) Last participant in the Charge of the Light Brigade 25 October 1854
Bahadur Shah Zafar 7 November 1862(1862-11-07) (aged 87) Last Mughal Emperor 14 September 1857
Teodolfo Mertel 11 July 1899(1899-07-11) (aged 93) Last non-priest cardinal 15 March 1858
Pressley Corbin Hyman[24][25] 20 June 1912(1912-06-20) (aged 81) Last witness to the Broderick–Terry duel 13 September 1859
Owen Brown[26][27] 8 January 1889(1889-01-08) (aged 64) Last abolitionist present at John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry 18 October 1859
George Pilson[28] 22 April 1916(1916-04-22) (aged 73–74) Last witness at Harpers Ferry
Redoshi 1937 (aged c. 100) Last passenger of the slave ship Clotilde 9 July 1860
Georg Hermann Quincke 13 January 1924 (aged 89) Last known attendee of the Karlsruhe Congress 5 September 1860
Samuel J. Seymour[29] 12 April 1956(1956-04-12) (aged 96) Last witness present at Ford's Theater during the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln 14 April 1865
John Henry Coghill[30] Possibly 1942 (aged 90) Last witness to the death of John Wilkes Booth 26 April 1865
Charles M. Eldridge[31] 8 September 1941(1941-09-08) (aged 96) Last survivor of the Sultana disaster 27 April 1865
William McKinley 14 September 1901(1901-09-14) (aged 58) Last President of the United States to have served in the American Civil War 9 May 1865
John Henninger Reagan 6 March 1905(1905-03-06) (aged 86) Last cabinet member of the Confederate States of America 10 May 1865
Samuel Speed[32][33][34] 8 November 1938 (aged 95) Last surviving British convict sent to Australia 4 July 1866
Agustín de Iturbide y Green 3 March 1925(1925-03-03) (aged 61) Last member of the Imperial Court of the Second Mexican Empire 19 June 1867
Charles Tupper 30 October 1915(1915-10-30) (aged 94) Last Canadian father of Confederation 1 July 1867
Tokugawa Yoshinobu 22 November 1913(1913-11-22) (aged 76) Last Shōgun 19 November 1867
Cornelius Cole 3 November 1924(1924-11-03) (aged 102) Last United States Senator who participated in the impeachment trial of Andrew Johnson 26 May 1868
Matthew Jackson 4 February 1947 (aged 88)[35] Last participant involved in the escape of John Boyle O'Reilly 2 March 1869
George H. Large 15 August 1939(1939-08-15) (aged 88) Last participant of the first American football game 6 November 1869
Napoleon III 9 January 1873 (aged 64) Last monarch of France 4 September 1870
Augustine Teissier[36] 8 March 1981 (aged 112) Last known subject of Napoleon III
Reginald Courtenay Welch 4 June 1939(1939-06-04) (aged 87)[37] Last participant of the first English FA Cup Final 16 March 1872
James Wilson 6 November 1921 (aged 85) Last Fenian prisoner who escaped the British penal colony of Western Australia on the Catalpa 19 April 1876
Herbert Swire[38][39] 21 December 1934 (aged 84) Last member of the Challenger expedition 24 May 1876
James Robert Cummins 9 July 1929(1929-07-09) (aged 82) Last member of the James-Younger Gang 7 September 1876
Mary Ann Mitchell (née Stammers) 27 July 1958 (aged 84) Last survivor of the sinking of the SS Georgette 1 December 1876
Tom Garrett 6 August 1943(1943-08-06) (aged 85) Last player from the first official cricket test match 19 March 1877
Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano 7 December 1913(1913-12-07) (aged 85) Last participant in the conclave that elected Pope Leo XIII and last cardinal created by Pope Pius IX 20 February 1878
Wyatt Earp 13 January 1929(1929-01-13) (aged 80) Last participant of the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral 26 October 1881
Pete Spence 1914 (aged 61–62) Last member of the Cochise County Cowboys 1882
Alphonse Chodron de Courcel 17 August 1919(1919-08-17) (aged 84) Last participant of the Berlin Conference 26 February 1885
James Stockley[40] 5 March 1954(1954-03-05) (aged 91) Last policeman to work on the Jack the Ripper case 1888
Danny Ryan 31 December 1966(1966-12-31) (aged 96) Last member of the Tipperary hurling team that won the first All-Ireland Championship 1 April 1888
Armand Hippolyte Louis Fizeau 18 September 1896 (aged 76) Last of the 72 people whose names are inscribed on the Eiffel Tower 31 March 1889
Frank Shomo[41] 20 March 1997(1997-03-20) (aged 108) Last survivor of the Johnstown Flood 31 May 1889
Pedro II of Brazil 5 December 1891 (aged 66) Last Emperor of Brazil 15 November 1889
Louisa Motley (née Yellow Shield)[42] 1 May 1979 (aged 95) Last survivor of the Wounded Knee Massacre 29 December 1890
Dr. Ernest Gotthold Hildner[43][44] 1 July 1968(1968-07-01) (aged 94) Last participant of the first basketball game ever played 21 December 1891
Michael Shonsey[45] 5 August 1954(1954-08-05) (aged 89) Last veteran of the Johnson County War 24 May 1893
Dimitrios Loundras[46] 15 February 1970(1970-02-15) (aged 84) Last known competitor at the 1896 Summer Olympics 15 April 1896
Manu Ruma[47] April 1961 (aged 87) Last veteran of the Dog Tax War 5 May 1898
George Fox[48] 27 December 1964(1964-12-27) (aged 86) Last survivor of the sinking of the USS Maine 15 February 1898
Emma Bear 13 July 2001 (aged 103) Last American Indian survivor of the Battle of Sugar Point 5 October 1898
Jan Van Mirlo[49][50] 3 June 1964 (aged 87) Last member of the Belgian Antarctic Expedition 5 November 1899
Emma Morano 15 April 2017(2017-04-15) (aged 117)[51] Last person verified to have been born in the 1890s 31 December 1899
Last subject of King Umberto I 29 July 1900
Maude Conic[52] 14 November 2004(2004-11-14) (aged 105–106) Last survivor of the Galveston Hurricane of 1900 12 September 1900
Lucien Démanet 16 March 1979(1979-03-16) (aged 104) Last participant in the 1900 Summer Olympics 28 October 1900
Nabi Tajima 21 April 2018 (aged 117) Last person verified to have been born in the 19th century 31 December 1900

1901–1915

Name Death Distinction Date ended
Prince Wolfgang of Hesse 12 July 1989(1989-07-12) (aged 92) Last descendant of Queen Victoria born during her lifetime 22 January 1901
Violet Brown[53] 15 September 2017(2017-09-15) (aged 117) Last known subject of Queen Victoria[54]
Laura Bullion 2 December 1961(1961-12-02) (aged 85) Last member of the Wild Bunch gang 2 April 1901
Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen 10 February 1923 (aged 77) Last laureate of the First Nobel Prize ceremony. 10 December 1901
Léon Compère-Léandre 1936 (aged 62) Last known survivor on the shore of Saint-Pierre during the eruption of Mount Pelée 8 May 1902
Irénise Moulonguet[55] 28 May 2013(2013-05-28) (aged 112) Last witness to the eruption of Mount Pelée
Gladys Verquin (née Ennis)[56] 20 March 1993(1993-03-20) (aged 91) Last survivor of the Frank Slide 29 April 1903
Roscinda Nolasquez[57] 4 February 1987(1987-02-04) (aged 94) Last speaker of Cupeño and last survivor of the removal of the Cupeño to Pala, California, the final of the Federal Indian Removals 13 May 1903
Lev Skrbenský z Hříště 24 December 1938(1938-12-24) (aged 75) Last participant in the conclave that elected Pope Pius X and last cardinal created by Pope Leo XIII 4 August 1903
Jennings J. Dunlap[58] 20 September 1964(1964-09-20) (aged 84–85) Last survivor of the Wreck of the Old 97 27 September 1903
Freddy Parent 2 November 1972(1972-11-02) (aged 96) Last player of the 1903 World Series 13 October 1903
Broncho Billy Anderson 20 January 1971(1971-01-20) (aged 90) Last surviving cast member of The Great Train Robbery 1 December 1903
Johnny Moore[59][60] 28 February 1952(1952-02-28) (aged 66) Last witness of the Wright Brothers' first heavier than air flight 17 December 1903
Verde Clark Graff[61] 3 July 1989(1989-07-03) (aged 97) Last survivor of the Iroquois Theatre fire 30 December 1903
Adella Wotherspoon 26 January 2004(2004-01-26) (aged 100) Last and youngest survivor of the General Slocum disaster 15 June 1904
Michael Barne 31 May 1961(1961-05-31) (aged 83) Last participant of the Discovery Expedition 10 September 1904
John Dellert 3 February 1985(1985-02-03) (aged 100) Last participant in the 1904 Summer Olympics 23 November 1904
Princess Olga of Greece and Denmark 16 October 1997(1997-10-16) (aged 94) Last descendant of Christian IX of Denmark born during his lifetime 29 January 1906
William Del Monte[62] 11 January 2016(2016-01-11) (aged 109) Last known survivor of the 1906 San Francisco earthquake 18 April 1906
Vahram Papazyan 6 March 1986(1986-03-06) (aged 93) Last participant in the 1906 Intercalated Games 2 May 1906
Dorsie Williams Willis[63] 24 August 1977(1977-08-24) (aged 91) Last soldier accused in the Brownsville Affair 13 August 1906
Brian Evans-Lombe[64] 31 January 1994(1994-01-31) (aged 100) Last participant of the Brownsea Island Scout camp, the founding event of the Scout movement 8 August 1907
Willem Winkelman 1 July 1990(1990-07-01) (aged 102) Last participant in the 1908 Summer Olympics 31 October 1908
Francesca Nato[65] 16 April 2017(2017-04-16) (aged 110)[66] Last known survivor of the 1908 Messina earthquake 28 December 1908
Philip Brocklehurst 28 January 1975(1975-01-28) (aged 87) Last member of Shackleton's Nimrod Expedition 23 March 1909
Olav V of Norway 17 January 1991(1991-01-17) (aged 87) Last descendant of Edward VII born during his lifetime 6 May 1910
Sunjong 24 April 1926(1926-04-24) (aged 52) Last Emperor of Korea and last leader of a free united Korean state 29 August 1910
Mary Jo Estep 19 December 1992(1992-12-19) (aged 82–83) Last survivor of the Battle of Kelley Creek 25 February 1911
Rose Freedman[67] 15 February 2001(2001-02-15) (aged 107) Last survivor of the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire 25 March 1911
Ishi 25 March 1916 (aged 55) Last known member of the Native American Yahi people, the last uncontacted peoples of the United States 29 August 1911
Georges Hostelet 4 November 1960 (aged 85) Last attendee of the First Solvay Conference 3 November 1911
Zhang Rentian[68][69] 29 April 1995(1995-04-29) (aged 107) Last Scholar of Imperial China 12 February 1912
Sid Daniels 25 May 1983(1983-05-25) (aged 89) Last crew member of the RMS Titanic 15 April 1912
Millvina Dean 31 May 2009(2009-05-31) (aged 97) Last and youngest survivor of the sinking of RMS Titanic
Jalmari Kivenheimo 29 October 1994(1994-10-29) (aged 105) Last participant in the 1912 Summer Olympics 22 July 1912
Ermenia Daley (née Padilla)[70] 14 March 2019(2019-03-14) (aged 105) Last survivor of the Ludlow Massacre 20 April 1914
Grace Hanagan (Martyn)[71][72] 15 May 1995(1995-05-15) (aged 87) Last survivor of the sinking of the RMS Empress of Ireland 29 May 1914
Vaso Čubrilović 11 June 1990(1990-06-11) (aged 93) Last participant in the conspiracy to assassinate Archduke Franz Ferdinand 28 June 1914
Alexander Bernard Heron[73] 24 January 2000(2000-01-24) (aged 105) Last worker involved in the construction of the Panama Canal 15 August 1914
Gennaro Granito Pignatelli di Belmonte 16 February 1948(1948-02-16) (aged 96) Last participant in the conclave that elected Pope Benedict XV and last cardinal created by Pope Pius X 3 September 1914
Alfred Anderson 21 November 2005(2005-11-21) (aged 109) Last known holder of the 1914 Star 22 November 1914
Last known combatant to participate in the Christmas truce of 1914 24 December 1914
Last Scottish veteran of World War I 11 November 1918
Audrey Warren Lawson-Johnston (née Pearl)[74][75] 11 January 2011(2011-01-11) (aged 95) Last survivor of the sinking of the RMS Lusitania 7 May 1915
Marion Eichholz[76] 24 November 2014(2014-11-24) (aged 102) Last survivor of the capsizing of the SS Eastland 24 July 1915

1916–1930

Name Death Distinction Date ended
George Perman[77] 24 May 2000(2000-05-24) (aged 99) Last survivor of the sinking of the HMHS Britannic 21 November 1916
Hank Mann 25 November 1971(1971-11-25) (aged 83) Last surviving member of the Keystone Cops 1917
Richard W. Richards 8 May 1985(1985-05-08) (aged 91) Last member of the British Trans-Antarctic Expedition 29 May 1917
Puyi 17 October 1967(1967-10-17) (aged 61) Last Emperor of China 12 July 1917
Lúcia Santos 13 February 2005(2005-02-13) (aged 97) Last of the three children who claimed to have spoken to Our Lady of Fátima 13 October 1917
Lazar Kaganovich 25 July 1991(1991-07-25) (aged 97) Last Old Bolshevik to participate in the October Revolution 7 November 1917
Boris Gudz[78] 27 December 2006(2006-12-27) (aged 104) Last participant of the October Revolution
Henry Allingham 18 July 2009(2009-07-18) (aged 113) Last member of the RNAS and last founding member of the Royal Air Force 1 April 1918
Edward Smout 22 June 2004(2004-06-22) (aged 106) Last witness to the death of the Red Baron 21 April 1918
Juan Filloy[79] 15 July 2000(2000-07-15) (aged 105) Last student who took part in the Argentine university reform of 1918 12 October 1918
Wilhelm Gisbert Groos[80] 1997 (aged 102–103) Last member of Jasta 11 and possibly last German flying ace of World War I 29 October 1918
Harry Patch 25 July 2009(2009-07-25) (aged 111) Last British Army veteran of World War I 11 November 1918
(End of World War I)
Last trench warfare veteran of World War I
James William Pearson 26 January 1993(1993-01-26) (aged 97) Last American World War I flying ace, served with the Royal Air Force
Albert Wagner 20 January 2007(2007-01-20) (aged 107) Last U.S. Marine veteran of World War I
Arthur Raymond Brooks 17 July 1991(1991-07-17) (aged 95) Last Air Service, United States Army flying ace of World War I
Alexander P. de Seversky 24 August 1974(1974-08-24) (aged 80) Last Russian Empire flying ace of World War I
Alfred Pugh[81] 7 January 2004(2004-01-07) (aged 108) Last United States combat veteran wounded in World War I
Florence Green 5 February 2012(2012-02-05) (aged 110) Last participant of World War I and last member of the original Royal Air Force; the Women's Royal Air Force (WRAF)
Harry Truman 26 December 1972(1972-12-26) (aged 88) Last former President of the United States to have served during World War I
Mike Mansfield 5 October 2001(2001-10-05) (aged 98) Last former member of the United States Congress to have served during World War I
Harold Macmillan 29 December 1986(1986-12-29) (aged 92) Last former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom to have served during World War I
John Diefenbaker 16 August 1979(1979-08-16) (aged 83) Last former Prime Minister of Canada to have served during World War I
John McEwen 20 November 1980(1980-11-20) (aged 80) Last former Prime Minister of Australia to have served during World War I
Charles De Gaulle 9 November 1970(1970-11-09) (aged 79) Last former President of France to have served during World War I
Charles I of Austria 1 April 1922 (aged 34) Last Emperor of Austria
Ludwig Erhard 5 May 1977(1977-05-05) (aged 80) Last former Chancellor of Germany to have served during World War I
Gustav Heinemann 7 July 1976(1976-07-07) (aged 76) Last former President of Germany to have served during World War I
Otto von Habsburg 4 July 2011(2011-07-04) (aged 98) Last member of the Imperial Habsburg Court
Albert Marshall 16 May 2005(2005-05-16) (aged 108) Last British cavalryman of World War I
Cecil Arthur Lewis 27 January 1997(1997-01-27) (aged 98) Last British flying ace of World War I
Raul Fernandes[82][83] 6 January 1968(1968-01-06) (aged 90) Last signer of the Treaty of Versailles 28 June 1919
Vittorio Emanuele Orlando 1 December 1952 (aged 92) Last Big Four leader
Swede Risberg 13 October 1975(1975-10-13) (aged 81) Last person involved in the Black Sox Scandal 9 October 1919
Aileen Riggin 17 October 2002(2002-10-17) (aged 96) Last participant in the 1920 Summer Olympics 12 September 1920
Peter Casserly 24 June 2005(2005-06-24) (aged 107) Last member of the First Australian Imperial Force 1 April 1921
Olivia Hooker 21 November 2018(2018-11-21) (aged 103) Last survivor of the Tulsa race riot 1 June 1921
Dan Keating 2 October 2007(2007-10-02) (aged 105) Last surviving veteran of the Irish War of Independence 11 July 1921
Michael von Faulhaber 12 June 1952(1952-06-12) (aged 83) Last participant in the conclave that elected Pope Pius XI and last cardinal created by Pope Benedict XV 6 February 1922
Altino Gomes da Silva 23 March 1996 (aged 91) Last survivor of the 18 of the Copacabana Fort revolt 6 July 1922
Mary Hall Daniels 2 May 2018 (aged 98) Last known survivor of the Rosewood massacre 7 January 1923
Evelyn Beauchamp 31 January 1980 (aged 79) Last witness of the opening of Tutankhamun's tomb 16 February 1923
Gene Bruce[84] 6 December 2005(2005-12-06) (aged 98) Last survivor of the Honda Point Disaster 8 September 1923
Emil Klein[85] 22 February 2010(2010-02-22) (aged 104) Last participant of Adolf Hitler's unsuccessful Beer Hall Putsch 9 November 1923
Cecil Smith 9 November 1997(1997-11-09) (aged 89) Last participant in the 1924 Winter Olympics 5 February 1924
Dürrüşehvar Sultan 7 February 2006(2006-02-07) (aged 92) Last member of the Imperial Ottoman Court 3 March 1924
Ivo Pavelić 22 February 2011(2011-02-22) (aged 103) Last participant in the 1924 Summer Olympics 27 July 1924
Edgar Nollner[86][87] 15 January 1999(1999-01-15) (aged 94) Last musher of the 1925 serum run to Nome 2 February 1925
Thomas J. Brewer[88] 16 August 2003(2003-08-16) (aged 82–83) Last participant in the Scopes Trial 21 July 1925
George Lascelles, 7th Earl of Harewood 11 July 2011(2011-07-11) (aged 88) Last descendant of Queen Alexandra born during her lifetime 20 November 1925
Louis de Broglie 19 March 1987(1987-03-19) (aged 94) Last attendee of the Fifth Solvay Conference 29 October 1927
Hans Kleppen 12 April 2009(2009-04-12) (aged 102) Last participant in the 1928 Winter Olympics 19 February 1928
Last participant in the 1932 Winter Olympics 15 February 1932
Clara Marangoni 18 January 2018(2018-01-18) (aged 102) Last participant in the 1928 Summer Olympics 12 August 1928
Janet Gaynor 14 September 1984(1984-09-14) (aged 77) Last award winner of the 1st Academy Awards 16 May 1929
Mary Pickford 29 May 1979(1979-05-29) (aged 87) Last award winner of the 2nd Academy Awards 3 April 1930
Norman D. Vaughan 23 December 2005(2005-12-23) (aged 100) Last member of Richard Byrd's 1928 expedition to Antarctica 18 June 1930
Francisco Varallo[89] 30 August 2010(2010-08-30) (aged 100) Last player from the 1930 FIFA World Cup in Uruguay 30 July 1930
Rachel Johnson[90] 7 April 2016(2016-04-07) (aged 93) Last St. Kildan 29 August 1930
Alfred Cook[91] 7 November 1998(1998-11-07) (aged 91) Last known survivor of the R101 disaster 5 October 1930
Venceslau Brás Pereira Gomes 15 May 1966 (aged 98) Last President of First Brazilian Republic 24 October 1930
Nair de Teffé von Hoonholtz 10 June 1981 (aged 95) Last First Lady of First Brazilian Republic
Norma Shearer 12 June 1983(1983-06-12) (aged 80) Last award winner of the 3rd Academy Awards 5 November 1930

1931–1945

Name Death Distinction Date ended
Alf Howard[92][93] 4 July 2010(2010-07-04) (aged 104) Last member of the BANZARE expedition to Antarctica 19 March 1931
Clarence Norris[94] 27 January 1989(1989-01-27) (aged 75–76) Last Scottsboro Boy 25 March 1931
Floyd Crosby 30 September 1985(1985-09-30) (aged 85) Last award winner of the 4th Academy Awards 10 November 1931
Albert H. Wolff 21 March 1998(1998-03-21) (aged 95) Last member of the Untouchables 1931
Doris Eaton Travis 11 May 2010(2010-05-11) (aged 106) Last Ziegfeld girl
George Haigh[95] 23 April 2019(2019-04-23) (aged 103) Last participant in the Mass trespass of Kinder Scout 24 April 1932
Simone Schaller 20 October 2016(2016-10-20) (aged 104) Last participant in the 1932 Summer Olympics 14 August 1932
Josef Felder 28 October 2000(2000-10-28) (aged 100) Last Reichstag member to vote against the Nazi Enabling Act of 1933 23 March 1933
Moody E. Erwin[96] 20 October 1989(1989-10-20) (aged 85) Last survivor of the USS Akron disaster 3 April 1933
Jennings Randolph 8 May 1998(1998-05-08) (aged 96) Last member of the United States Congress to vote during the First 100 Days 11 June 1933
Lyle Talbot 2 March 1996(1996-03-02) (aged 94) Last founding member of the Screen Actors Guild 12 July 1933
Errie Ball 2 July 2014(2014-07-02) (aged 103) Last participant in the 1934 Masters Tournament 25 March 1934
Edd L. Miller[97] 18 September 2000(2000-09-18) (aged 87) Last witness to the shooting of Bonnie and Clyde 23 May 1934
Thomas J. Conner[98] 14 April 1997(1997-04-14) (aged 90–91) Last member of the FBI team that killed John Dillinger 22 July 1934
Jerry Edgerton[99] 14 September 2013(2013-09-14) (aged 99) Last survivor of the SS Morro Castle disaster 8 September 1934
Bill Eiserman[100] Living Last witness to the Battle of Barrington 27 November 1934
Lü Zhengcao 13 October 2009(2009-10-13) (aged 105) Last witness of the Xi'an Incident 26 December 1936
Werner Franz[101] 13 August 2014(2014-08-13) (aged 92) Last crew member to survive the Hindenburg disaster 6 May 1937
Werner Gustav Doehner[102] 8 November 2019(2019-11-08) (aged 90) Last passenger to survive the Hindenburg disaster
Walter Walsh 29 April 2014(2014-04-29) (aged 106) Last member of the FBI teams that captured Arthur Barker and killed Al Brady 12 October 1937
Fon Huffman 4 September 2008(2008-09-04) (aged 95) Last survivor of the USS Panay incident 12 December 1937
William Herz 10 May 2016(2016-05-10) (aged 99) Last cast member of The War of the Worlds radio drama 30 October 1938
Con Shiels[103] 3 January 2013(2013-01-03) (aged 96) Last participant in the Jarrow March 31 October 1938
Manuel Gonçalves Cerejeira 2 August 1977(1977-08-02) (aged 88) Last participant in the conclave that elected Pope Pius XII and last cardinal created by Pope Pius XI 2 March 1939
Moon Mullen 28 February 2013(2013-02-28) (aged 96) Last member of the first winners of the NCAA March Madness, the 1938 Oregon Webfoots 27 March 1939
Kazimierz Świtalski 28 December 1962(1962-12-28) (aged 76) Last Prime Minister of the Second Polish Republic 20 September 1939
Arthur Smith[104] 10 December 2016(2016-12-10) (aged 93–94) Last survivor of the sinking of the HMS Royal Oak 14 October 1939
Emilio Ochoa 27 June 2007(2007-06-27) (aged 99) Last signer of the 1940 Constitution of Cuba 1 July 1940
Robert R. Johnson[105] Living (age 98) Last survivor of the United States Antarctic Service Expedition 22 March 1941
Ted Briggs 4 October 2008(2008-10-04) (aged 85) Last survivor of the sinking of the HMS Hood 24 May 1941
Donald "Nick" Clifford[106][107] 23 November 2019(2019-11-23) (aged 98) Last worker who participated in the construction of Mount Rushmore 31 October 1941
Edwin Arthur Hall 18 October 2004(2004-10-18) (aged 95) Last member of the United States Congress to vote on the United States declaration of war on Japan 8 December 1941
Gerhard Klopfer 29 January 1987(1987-01-29) (aged 81) Last attendant of the Wannsee Conference 20 January 1942
David Stoliar 1 May 2014(2014-05-01) (aged 91) Last survivor of the Struma disaster 24 February 1942
Rudolf Brazda 3 August 2011(2011-08-03) (aged 98) Last concentration camp survivor deported by Nazi Germany on charges of homosexuality 8 August 1942
Tuomas Gerdt Living (age 97) Last recipient of the Mannerheim Cross 8 September 1942
Orrel Glenn Cecil[108] 4 November 2010(2010-11-04) (aged 90) Last survivor of the sinking of the USS Juneau 13 November 1942
Havala Laula[109] 24 December 2017(2017-12-24) (aged 92) Last known member of the Fuzzy Wuzzy Angels during the Kokoda Track campaign 16 November 1942
Bill Sparks 1 December 2002(2002-12-01) (aged 80) Last member of the Cockleshell Heroes 12 December 1942
Joachim Rønneberg 21 October 2018(2018-10-21) (aged 99) Last officer of Operation Gunnerside 16 February 1943
Traute Lafrenz[110] Living (age 100) Last member of the White Rose 18 February 1943
Marek Edelman 2 October 2009(2009-10-02) (aged 86–87) Last leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising 16 May 1943
Aliza Melamed Vitis-Shomron[111] Living (age 90–91) Last participant of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
Les Munro 4 August 2015(2015-08-04) (aged 96) Last pilot of Operation Chastise in World War II 17 May 1943
Johnny Johnson[112] Living (age 98) Last participant of Operation Chastise in World War II
Samuel Willenberg 19 February 2016(2016-02-19) (aged 93) Last participant in the revolt at the Treblinka extermination camp 2 August 1943
Gerard Zinser[113] 21 August 2001(2001-08-21) (aged 83) Last crewman of Motor Torpedo Boat PT-109
Simjon Rosenfeld[114] 3 June 2019(2019-06-03) (aged 96) Last survivor of the Sobibor uprising 14 October 1943
Frank Ellis Sublett[115] 27 September 2006(2006-09-27) (aged 86) Last member of the Golden Thirteen March 1944
Richard Sidney Albion Churchill[116] 13 February 2019(2019-02-13) (aged 99)[117] Last prisoner who participated in the Great Escape from Stalag Luft III 25 March 1944
Clifford Brewer[118] 29 April 2017(2017-04-29) (aged 104) Last surgeon involved in the Normandy landings 6 June 1944
David Wood 12 March 2009(2009-03-12) (aged 86) Last officer of Operation Deadstick during the Normandy landings
Robert Hébras Living (age 94) Last survivor of the Oradour-sur-Glane massacre 10 June 1944
Ewald-Heinrich von Kleist-Schmenzin 8 March 2013(2013-03-08) (aged 90) Last participant of the 20 July plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler 20 July 1944
Miep Gies 11 January 2010(2010-01-11) (aged 100) Last member of the group which hid Anne Frank in the Secret Annex 4 August 1944
Teruo Murakami[119][120] Living (age 98) Last participant of the Cowra breakout 5 August 1944
Bill Leibold[121] Living (age 94–95) Last survivor of the sinking of the USS Tang 25 October 1944
Joe Medicine Crow 3 April 2016(2016-04-03) (aged 102) Last war chief of the Crow Nation and last Plains Indian war chief 1945
Charles W. Lindberg 24 June 2007(2007-06-24) (aged 86) Last Marine in the Iwo Jima Flag Raisings 23 February 1945
Rochus Misch 5 September 2013(2013-09-05) (aged 96) Last member of the SS-Begleitkommando des Führers and last occupant of the Führerbunker during the Battle of Berlin 30 April 1945
Luciano "Louis" C. Graziano[122][123] Living (age 96) Last witness to the German Surrender ceremony 7 May 1945
Rudolf Hess 17 August 1987(1987-08-17) (aged 93) Last cabinet member of the Third Reich 8 May 1945
Walter Scheel 24 August 2016(2016-08-24) (aged 97) Last German president to have served in World War II
Helmut Schmidt 10 November 2015(2015-11-10) (aged 96) Last Chancellor of Germany to have served in World War II
Helmut Kohl 16 June 2017(2017-06-16) (aged 87) Last Chancellor of Germany who was a member of the Hitler Youth
Harold Stassen 4 March 2001(2001-03-04) (aged 93) Last signer of the United Nations Charter 26 June 1945
Theodore Van Kirk 28 July 2014(2014-07-28) (aged 93) Last crew member of the Enola Gay 6 August 1945
Russell Gackenbach[124][125] Living (age 93) Last crew member of the Necessary Evil 9 August 1945
Chester Nez 4 June 2014(2014-06-04) (aged 93) Last Navajo code talker 2 September 1945
(End of World War II)
Levi Oakes[126] 28 May 2019(2019-05-28) (aged 94) Last Mohawk code talker
Earl C. Acuff 13 February 2013 (aged 94) Last member of Castner's Cutthroats
Robert Kenneth Kaufman[127] 10 February 2019(2019-02-10) (aged 99) Last American officer present at the Surrender of Japan on board the USS Missouri
Bruce Fraser, 1st Baron Fraser of North Cape 12 February 1981(1981-02-12) (aged 93) Last signer of the Japanese Instrument of Surrender
Claude Choules 5 May 2011(2011-05-05) (aged 110) Last veteran of both World War I and World War II
George H. W. Bush 30 November 2018(2018-11-30) (aged 94) Last United States President to have served in World War II overseas
Edward Heath 17 July 2005(2005-07-17) (aged 89) Last British Prime Minister to have served in World War II
Pierre Trudeau 28 September 2000(2000-09-28) (aged 80) Last Canadian Prime Minister to have served in World War II
Gough Whitlam 21 October 2014(2014-10-21) (aged 98) Last Australian Prime Minister to have served in World War II
Ninian Stephen 29 October 2017(2017-10-29) (aged 94) Last Governor-General of a Commonwealth realm to have served in World War II
John William Vessey Jr. 18 August 2016(2016-08-18) (aged 94) Last Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff to have served in World War II
John Paul Stevens 16 July 2019(2019-07-16) (aged 99) Last United States Supreme Court Justice to have served in World War II
Prem Tinsulanonda 26 May 2019(2019-05-26) (aged 98) Last Thai prime minister to have served in World War II
Yasuhiro Nakasone 29 November 2019(2019-11-29) (aged 101) Last Japanese Prime Minister to have served in World War II
Valéry Giscard d'Estaing Living (age 93) Last French President to have served in World War II
Giorgio Napolitano Living (age 94) Last Italian President to have served in World War II
Jimmy Carter Living (age 95) Last United States President to have served in World War II stateside (received World War II Victory Medal) and to be born before World War II
Betty McIntosh[128][129] 8 June 2015(2015-06-08) (aged 100) Last woman assigned to the Morale Operations Branch of the OSS in World War II 20 September 1945
Edward Shames Living (age 97) Last officer of Easy Company, 2nd Battalion in World War II 30 November 1945
Victor Emmanuel III of Italy 28 December 1947 (aged 78) Last King of Albania 9 May 1946

1946–1960

Name Death Distinction Date ended
Umberto II 18 March 1983(1983-03-18) (aged 78) Last King of Italy 12 June 1946
Simeon II Living (age 82) Last Tsar of Bulgaria 15 September 1946
Benjamin Ferencz Living (age 99) Last prosecutor during the Nuremberg Trials 1 October 1946
Patricia Neal 8 August 2010(2010-08-08) (aged 84) Last award winner of the 1st Tony Awards 6 April 1947
Sam Schulman[130] 5 July 2019(2019-07-05) (aged 90) Last American crew member aboard the SS Exodus 11 July 1947
Knut Haugland 25 December 2009(2009-12-25) (aged 92) Last crew member on the Kon-Tiki expedition 7 August 1947
Ring Lardner Jr. 31 October 2000(2000-10-31) (aged 85) Last member of the Hollywood Ten 25 November 1947
Clarence Beavers 4 December 2017(2017-12-04) (aged 96) Last member of the Triple Nickles 15 December 1947
Michael I 5 December 2017(2017-12-05) (aged 96) Last King of Romania 30 December 1947
Brajraj Mahapatra 30 November 2015(2015-11-30) (aged 94) Last royal to sign the merger agreement with the Indian state 1947
Maharaja Tej Singh Prabhakar 15 February 2009(2009-02-15) (aged 97) Last recipient of the Order of the Star of India
Mayurdwajsinhji Meghrajji III 1 August 2010(2010-08-01) (aged 87) Last recipient of the Order of the Indian Empire
Gopal Godse[131] 26 November 2005(2005-11-26) (aged 86) Last conspirator involved in the assassination of Gandhi 30 January 1948
Arieh Handler 20 May 2011(2011-05-20) (aged 95) Last witness to the signing of the Israeli Declaration of Independence 14 May 1948
Hernán Santa Cruz 1999(1999-00-00) (aged 92–93) Last member of the Drafting Committee of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights 10 December 1948
Frank Mundy 15 May 2009(2009-05-15) (aged 90) Last driver of the inaugural 1949 NASCAR Series 16 October 1949
Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma 27 August 1979(1979-08-27) (aged 79) Last Governor-General of India 26 January 1950
Tony Rolt 6 February 2008(2008-02-06) (aged 89) Last driver in the first World Championship Grand Prix 13 May 1950
Alcides Ghiggia 16 July 2015(2015-07-16) (aged 88) Last player in the Uruguay v Brazil (1950 FIFA World Cup) 16 July 1950
Robert Manzon 19 January 2015(2015-01-19) (aged 97) Last driver to take part in the inaugural FIA World Championship of Drivers 3 September 1950
Omar Bradley 8 April 1981(1981-04-08) (aged 88) Last General of the Army and last American to hold a Five-star rank 22 September 1950
Andor Lilienthal 5 August 2010(2010-08-05) (aged 99) Last of the original FIDE chess grandmasters 1950
Morton Sobell 26 December 2018(2018-12-26) (aged 101) Last defendant in the Rosenberg spy trial 5 April 1951
Andrew Fitzgerald[132] 15 November 2018(2018-11-15) (aged 86) Last Coast Guard rescuer involved in the S.S. Pendleton rescue 18 February 1952
Reginald Kray 1 October 2000(2000-10-01) (aged 66) Last prisoner of the Tower of London March 1952
Kanchha Sherpa[133] Living (age 86–87) Last member of the 1953 British Everest Expedition 29 May 1953
William Kelly Harrison, Jr. 29 May 1987(1987-05-29) (aged 91) Last signer of the Korean Armistice Agreement 27 July 1953
Paik Sun-yup Living (age 99) Last South Korean commander in the Korean War
Jackie Sewell 26 September 2016(2016-09-26) (aged 89) Last player in the Match of the Century 25 November 1953
Kenneth A. Roberts 9 May 1989(1989-05-09) (aged 76) Last wounded congressman in the 1954 United States Capitol shooting incident 1 March 1954
Rafael Cancel Miranda Living (age 89) Last perpetrator in the 1954 United States Capitol shooting incident
Zelma Henderson 20 May 2008(2008-05-20) (aged 88) Last plaintiff in the Brown v. Board of Education case 17 May 1954
Horst Eckel Living (age 87) Last player of the 1954 FIFA World Cup Final 4 July 1954
Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington[134] 9 July 2018(2018-07-09) (aged 99) Last member of the Churchill, Eden, and Macmillan ministry 7 April 1955
Richard Harding Poff 27 June 2011(2011-06-27) (aged 87) Last signer of the Southern Manifesto 12 March 1956
Iskander Mirza 13 November 1969(1969-11-13) (aged 80) Last Governor-General of Pakistan 23 March 1956
Jerry Lee Lewis Living (age 84) Last member of the Million Dollar Quartet 4 December 1956
Maurice Faure[135] 6 March 2014(2014-03-06) (aged 92) Last signer of the Treaty of Rome 25 March 1957
Krachang Tularak 23 June 2009(2009-06-23) (aged 96) Last member of Khana Ratsadon 16 September 1957
Paul-Émile Léger 13 November 1991(1991-11-13) (aged 87) Last participant in the conclave that elected Pope John XXIII and last cardinal created by Pope Pius XII 28 October 1958
Bill Hastie[136] Living (age 100) Last survivor of the Knox Mine Disaster 22 January 1959
Boris Volynov Living (age 84) Last living member of the First Squad of Soviet Cosmonauts 7 March 1960
Kurt Diemberger Living (age 87) Last person to make the first ascents on two mountains over 8,000 metres 25 May 1960
William Hare, 5th Earl of Listowel 12 March 1997(1997-03-12) (aged 90) Last Governor-General of Ghana 1 July 1960
Viktor Ponedelnik Living (age 82) Last winner of the 1960 European Nations' Cup, the inaugural UEFA European Championship
Sander Vanocur 16 September 2019(2019-09-16) (aged 91) Last on-screen participant in the first Kennedy-Nixon presidential debate 26 September 1960

1961–2000s

Name Death Distinction Date ended
C. R. Swart 16 July 1982(1982-07-16) (aged 87) Last Governor-General of South Africa 30 April 1961
Antonio Imbert Barrera 31 May 2016(2016-05-31) (aged 95) Last participant in the assassination of Rafael Trujillo 30 May 1961
Richard Turnbull 21 December 1998(1998-12-21) (aged 89) Last Governor-General of Tanganyika 9 December 1962
John Glenn 8 December 2016(2016-12-08) (aged 95) Last astronaut from Project Mercury 16 May 1963
Valentina Tereshkova Living (age 82) Last cosmonaut who flew in a Vostok mission 19 June 1963
Franz König 13 March 2004(2004-03-13) (aged 98) Last participant in the conclave that elected Pope Paul VI and last cardinal created by Pope John XXIII 21 June 1963
Tommy Wisbey 30 December 2016(2016-12-30) (aged 86) Last known participant in the Great Train Robbery 8 August 1963
John Lewis Living (age 79) Last speaker at the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom and last member of the Big Six 28 August 1963
Nnamdi Azikiwe 11 May 1996(1996-05-11) (aged 91) Last Governor-General of Nigeria 1 October 1963
Walter Coutts 4 November 1988(1988-11-04) (aged 75) Last Governor-General of Uganda 9 October 1963
Clint Hill Living (age 87) Last passenger of John F. Kennedy's presidential limousine after Kennedy was shot 22 November 1963
James Ramsden Living (age 96) Last Secretary of State for War 1 April 1964
Birch Bayh 14 March 2019(2019-03-14) (aged 91) Last United States Senator to vote on the Civil Rights Act of 1964 19 June 1964
Gerald Ford 26 December 2006(2006-12-26) (aged 93) Last member of the Warren Commission 24 September 1964
Malcolm MacDonald 11 January 1981(1981-01-11) (aged 79) Last Governor-General of Kenya 12 December 1964
Laurel Goodwin[137] Living (age 77) Last credited or speaking performer in the original pilot of Star Trek 18 January 1965[138]
Alexei Leonov 11 October 2019(2019-10-11) (aged 85) Last member of the Voskhod programme 19 March 1965
Glyn Smallwood Jones 10 June 1992(1992-06-10) (aged 84) Last Governor-General of Malawi 6 July 1966
Stylianos Pattakos 8 October 2016(2016-10-08) (aged 103) Last leader of the 1967 Greek coup d'état and subsequent military junta 21 April 1967
Waldemar Levy Cardoso 13 May 2009 (aged 108) Last Marshal of Brasil 1967
Fred R. Harris Living (age 89) Last living member of the Kerner Commission 29 February 1968
Walter Cunningham Living (age 87) Last crew member of Apollo 7 22 October 1968
Joe Engle Living (age 87) Last X-15 pilot 24 October 1968
Ralph Leonard Starkey 2 February 2019(2019-02-02) (aged 91) Last survivor of the Farmington Mine No.9 Disaster 20 November 1968
Thomas P. Stafford Living (age 89) Last crew member of Apollo 10 26 May 1969
Alan Bean 26 May 2018(2018-05-26) (aged 86) Last crew member of Apollo 12 24 November 1969
Joe DeRita 3 July 1993(1993-07-03) (aged 83) Last surviving member of The Three Stooges 5 February 1970
Farimang Mamadi Singateh 19 May 1977(1977-05-19) (aged 64) Last Governor-General of the Gambia 24 April 1970
James Cross Living (age 98) Last kidnapping victim of the Front de libération du Québec during the October Crisis 28 December 1970
Jacques Rose Living (age 72) Last perpetrator of the October Crisis
Edgar Mitchell 4 February 2016(2016-02-04) (aged 85) Last crew member of Apollo 14 9 February 1971
William Gopallawa 31 January 1981(1981-01-31) (aged 84) Last Governor-General of Ceylon 22 May 1972
Ernest Hendon[139] 16 January 2004(2004-01-16) (aged 96) Last survivor of the Tuskegee syphilis experiment November 1972
Harrison Schmitt Living (age 84) Last crew member of Apollo 17 19 December 1972
Constantine II Living (age 78) Last King of Greece 1 June 1973
Joseph P. Kerwin Living (age 87) Last crew member of Skylab 2, the first manned mission to Skylab 22 June 1973
Jack R. Lousma Living (age 83) Last crew member of Skylab 3 25 September 1973
Last crew member of STS-3 30 March 1982
William Ruckelshaus 27 November 2019(2019-11-27) (aged 87) Last government official involved in the Saturday Night Massacre 20 October 1973
Lowell Weicker Living (age 88) Last living member of the United States Senate Watergate Committee 27 June 1974
Nguyễn Văn Thiệu 29 September 2001(2001-09-29) (aged 78) Last former President of South Vietnam 30 April 1975
Khamtai Siphandon Living (age 95) Last Pathet Lao leader in the Vietnam War
Ronald Reagan 5 June 2004(2004-06-05) (aged 93) Last member of the Rockefeller Commission 1975
Tôn Đức Thắng 30 March 1980(1980-03-30) (aged 91) Last President of North Vietnam 2 July 1976
Yao Wenyuan[140] 23 December 2005(2005-12-23) (aged 74) Last member of China's Gang of Four 6 October 1976
Ollie Johnston 14 April 2008 (aged 95) Last of Walt Disney's Nine Old Men 22 June 1977
Larry Newman 20 December 2010(2010-12-20) (aged 63) Last crew member of the Double Eagle II 17 August 1978
Pope Benedict XVI Living (age 92) Last participant in the conclave that elected Pope John Paul I 26 August 1978
Last participant in the conclave that elected Pope John Paul II, and last cardinal created by Pope Paul VI 16 October 1978
Luz Isabel Cuevas 6 May 2014(2014-05-06) (aged 91)[141] Last witness to the assassination of El Salvadorian bishop Óscar Romero 24 March 1980
Robert Crippen Living (age 82) Last crew member of STS-1, first operational flight of the Space Shuttle program 14 April 1981
Ken Mattingly Living (age 83) Last crew member of STS-4 4 July 1982
Stanisław Kania Living (age 92) Last leader of the Polish United Workers' Party 29 January 1990
Aleksandar Lilov 20 July 2013 (aged 79) Last Chairman of the Bulgarian Communist Party 3 April 1990
Egon Krenz Living (age 82) Last Chairman of the State Council of East Germany 5 April 1990
Dmitri Yazov Living (age 95) Last Marshal of the Soviet Union 28 April 1990
Helmut Kohl 16 June 2017(2017-06-16) (aged 87) Last Chancellor of West Germany 3 October 1990
Stanislav Hurenko 14 April 2013(2013-04-14) (aged 76) Last First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Ukrainian SSR 1 September 1991
Vadim Bakatin Living (age 82) Last Chairman of the KGB 16 November 1991
Mikhail Gorbachev Living (age 88) Last Head of State of the Soviet Union 25 December 1991
Václav Havel 18 December 2011(2011-12-18) (aged 75) Last former President of Czechoslovakia 31 December 1992
Cornelius Botha 6 February 2014(2014-02-06) (aged 81) Last administrator of the Natal Province 27 April 1994
F. W. de Klerk Living (age 83) Last leader of the apartheid government of South Africa and last State President 10 May 1994

See also

References

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  2. Maddox, Maeve (12 November 2008). ""A Historic" or "An Historic" Event?". Daily Writing Tips. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
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  14. "Family Stories from the Trail of Tears". Archived from the original on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 9 September 2011.
  15. Ellsberry, Elizabeth Prather (1975). The Researcher. 55–66. E.P. Ellsberry. p. 84. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
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  17. Morris, Peter; Ryczek, William J.; Finkel, Jan; Levin, Leonard; Malatzky, Richard (2013). Base Ball Founders: The Clubs, Players and Cities of the Northeast That Established the Game. McFarland & Company. p. 14. ISBN 9781476603780. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
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