List of intersex people
Intersex people are born with sex characteristics, such as genitals, gonads and chromosome patterns that, according to the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, "do not fit the typical definitions for male or female bodies".
Intersex people have many different sex assignments and gender identities, and so there is no presumption that people on this list have any particular sex assigned at birth, nor any particular gender identity.
This list consists of well-known intersex people. The individual listings note the subject's main occupation or source of notability.
Notable intersex people
- Jim Ambrose, U.S. intersex activist, (co)founded interACT. and The Interface Project, appears alongside Tiger Devore in the short film XXXY (2000).
- Carlett Brown Angianlee, Naval officer, considered likely to be the first African American to undergo SRS.
- Eden Atwood, U.S. jazz musician, actor, and an advocate for the civil rights of people born with intersex traits.
- Kitty Anderson, Icelandic intersex activist who regularly engages in advocacy/policy work and is the co-chair of OII Europe.
- Karl M. Baer (1885-1956), German-Israeli author, social worker, suffragette and Zionist.
- Herculine Barbin, the 19th century memoirs of this French intersex person were published by Michel Foucault in 1980. Barbin's birthday, November 8, is now observed as Intersex Day of Remembrance.
- Janik Bastien-Charlebois, Quebecois sociologist, researcher and activist.
- Max Beck, U.S. activist and participant in the demonstration on October 26, 1996, that led to the establishment of Intersex Awareness Day.
- Maddie Blaustein, American voice actor and comic creator known for her roles as Meowth in Pokémon and E-123 Omega in the Sonic the Hedgehog series, content creator for Second Life.
- Tony Briffa, Australian intersex and human rights activist; world's first out intersex Mayor and first publicly elected out intersex person. Current co-executive director of Intersex Human Rights Australia, and Vice-President and former President of the Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome Support Group Australia.
- Mauro Cabral, Argentinian intersex activist, writer, Co-director of GATE
- Lady Colin Campbell, British aristocrat and author of Guide to Being a Modern Lady.
- Morgan Carpenter, Australian intersex activist who created the modern intersex flag which features a purple circle and yellow background, he is the co-executive director of Intersex Human Rights Australia.
- Eleno de Céspedes, a 16th-century intersex person in Spain.
- Cheryl Chase, also known as Bo Laurent, U.S. intersex activist and founder of the Intersex Society of North America.
- Hiker Chiu, founder of Oii-Chinese.
- Katherine Connella, U.S. actress and writer.
- Caroline Cossey, English model.
- Cary Gabriel Costello, U.S. associate professor of sociology and advocate for transgender and intersex rights.
- Lisa Lee Dark, Welsh opera singer and voice actress.
- Georgiann Davis, U.S. sociology scholar and researcher on intersex issues.
- Vaginal Davis, U.S. genderqueer performing artist, painter, composer and writer.
- Tiger Devore, U.S. clinical psychologist, educator on intersex issues since 1984, appears in the short film XXXY (2000).
- Foekje Dillema (1926-2007), Dutch track and field athlete.
- Betsy Driver, Mayor of Flemington, New Jersey; intersex activist and first intersex elected official in the United States.
- Lili Elbe (1882-1931), Danish transgender and intersex woman, one of the earliest transgender women to receive sex reassignment surgery.
- Florian-Ayala Fauna, an American artist, musician, and music producer.
- Favorinus of Arelate (c. 80 – c. 160 AD), a Roman sophist and philosopher who flourished during the reign of Hadrian.
- Fernanda Fernández (1755-unknown), Spanish intersex person.
- Sir Ewan Forbes (1912-1991), UK noble, formerly Elizabeth Forbes-Sempill and 11th Baronet of Craigievar.
- Dan Christian Ghattas, German activist, historian and author of Human Rights between the Sexes, a first international comparative study of the human rights of intersex people and executive director of OII Europe.
- Gottlieb Göttlich (1798-unknown), German medical subject.
- Seven Graham, activist, addiction counsellor and UK "national LGBT treasure".
- Sarah Gronert, German tennis player
- Sally Gross (1953-2014), South African intersex, anti-apartheid and Israel/Palestine human rights activist; secured first mention of intersex in anti-discrimination law.
- Thomas(ine) Hall, a person of indeterminate gender in 17th-century colonial Virginia.
- Bonnie Hart, Australian multi-disciplinary artist and president of the Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome Support Group Australia.
- Phoebe Hart, Australian filmmaker and director of Orchids, My Intersex Adventure, a 2010 auto-biographical documentary.
- Morgan Holmes, Canadian activist, professor of sociology and author of several books on intersex including Critical Intersex.
- Lê Văn Duyệt, Nguyen Dynasty general and high-ranking mandarin in Vietnam.
- Esther Morris Leidolf, U.S. activist and founder of MRKH Organization, and author of The Missing Vagina Monologue.
- Small Luk, intersex activist living in Hong Kong, founder of Beyond the Boundary – Knowing and Concerns Intersex
- Gopi Shankar Madurai, Indian, founder of Srishti Madurai, Youngest candidate in the 2016 Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election and also the first openly Intersex & Genderqueer person to do so. Ex-Hindu Monk.
- Alex MacFarlane, first known holder of an Australian passport with an 'X' sex descriptor.
- Maria José Martínez-Patiño, a Spanish hurdler who was dismissed from competition in 1986 for failing a sex test.
- Santiago Mbanda Lima, the first publicly-visible intersex activist in Portugal.
- Sheena Metal, U.S. talk-show host.
- Mani Mitchell, New Zealand intersex activist, researcher/presenter of the movie Intersexion.
- Nthabiseng Mokoena, South African intersex activist.
- Iain Morland, British author and music technologist.
- Annet Negesa, Ugandan middle-distance runner.
- Hanne Gaby Odiele, Belgian model
- Kristian Ranđelović, Serbian and Balkan intersex and transgender activist.
- Dora Ratjen (1918-2008), German athlete.
- Jemma Redmond (1978-2016), Irish biotechnologist and innovator.
- Veronique Renard, Dutch author and visual artist.
- Eliana Rubashkyn, Colombian, New Zealand pharmacist, activist and gender refugee.
- Sa Bangji, Korean intersex person.
- Erik Schinegger, alpine skier.
- Scout Schultz, a student at the Georgia Institute of Technology, Georgia, USA, who was shot dead by police on September 16, 2017.
- Caster Semenya, 800 m Olympic gold medalist
- Edinanci Silva, Brazilian judoka and gold medalist in the woman's half-heavyweight division at the Pan-American games.
- Dawn Langley Simmons (1937 or 1922 to 2000), English author and biographer.
- Jim Sinclair, autism rights activist.
- Georgina Somerset (née Turtle) (1923-2013), first openly intersex person in the UK; active in the media from the mid-1960s.
- Santhi Soundarajan, Indian athlete.
- Levi Suydam, 19th century U.S. intersex person.
- Miriam van der Have, Dutch activist, co-chair of OII Europe and director of Nederlands Netwerk intersekse/DSD.
- Hida Viloria, American queer, gender-fluid intersex writer, activist, and author of Born Both: An Intersex Life (Hachette Books). Viloria is founding director of Intersex Campaign for Equality. Viloria also appears in the films Gendernauts and Intersexion.
- Del LaGrace Volcano, U.S./Sweden, visual artist and speaker on queer and intersex issues (e.g. the Critical Sexology Seminars, London).
- Christiane Völling, Germany, thought to be the first person to successfully sue in a case of medical treatment without consent.
- Stanisława Walasiewicz, also known as Stella Walsh, a Polish Olympic athlete and medal winner in the 1930s.
- Sean Saifa Wall, African American intersex and anti-racist activist.
- Gigi Raven Wilbur, U.S. bisexuality rights activist.
- Gina Wilson, activist and founder president of Intersex Human Rights Australia.
- Reuben Zellman, U.S. intersex and transgender rabbi and musician
- Kimberly Zieselman, U.S. advocate, attorney, and executive director of interACT.
- Dana Zzyym, U.S. non-binary intersex activist and Associate Director of Intersex Campaign for Equality. Zzyym is suing the US State Department for a gender-neutral passport in Zzyym v. Pompeo.
- UN Committee against Torture; UN Committee on the Rights of the Child; UN Committee on the Rights of People with Disabilities; UN Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment; Juan Méndez, Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment; Dainius Pῡras, Special Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health; Dubravka Šimonoviæ, Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences; Marta Santos Pais, Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General on Violence against Children; African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights; Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights; Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (October 24, 2016), "Intersex Awareness Day – Wednesday 26 October. End violence and harmful medical practices on intersex children and adults, UN and regional experts urge", Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, archived from the original on November 21, 2016CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- United Nations; Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (2015). Free & Equal Campaign Fact Sheet: Intersex (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-03-04.
- Kinsman, Kat (2014-04-15). "Intersex dating: Finding love across the intersection". CNN. Archived from the original on 2016-03-05.
- "Kitty Anderson". OII Europe. Archived from the original on 2016-12-21. Retrieved 2017-01-31.
- Amnesty International (October 25, 2016). "Understanding the 'i' in LGBTI". Amnesty International. Archived from the original on January 31, 2017. Retrieved 2017-01-31.
- Foucault, M. & Barbin, H. (1980) Herculine Barbin – Being the Recently Discovered Memoirs of a Nineteenth Century Hermaphrodite, New York, Random House.
- Bastien-Charlebois, Janik (August 9, 2015). "My coming out: The lingering intersex taboo". Montreal Gazette. Archived from the original on August 27, 2016.
- Valenza, Alessia (October 2015). "Sanctioned sex/ualities: The medical treatment of intersex bodies and voices". Archived from the original on 2016-10-11. Cite journal requires
- Holmes, Morgan (17 October 2015). "When Max Beck and Morgan Holmes went to Boston". Intersex Day. Archived from the original on 20 October 2015. Retrieved 2015-10-24.
- "Madeleine Blaustein". IMDb. Retrieved 2019-03-08.
- "Intersex Mayor Elected in Australia". Advocate.com. December 9, 2011. Archived from the original on November 10, 2013.
- ""A very unladylike lady!" by Jenny Johnson, ''Daily Mail'' 10 January 2008". London: Dailymail.co.uk. 2008-01-09. Archived from the original on 3 August 2012. Retrieved 2009-08-21.
- Carpenter, Morgan (15 November 2013). "It's time to defend intersex rights". Australian Broadcasting Corporation, The Drum. Archived from the original on 31 October 2016.
- Weil, Elizabeth (September, 2006). What if It's (Sort of) a Boy and (Sort of) a Girl? Archived 2017-02-16 at the Wayback Machine The New York Times Magazine.
- Reyna, Rikki (26 June 2019). "NYC Pride march to honor intersex New Jersey mayor". New York Daily News. Retrieved September 10, 2019.
- Perla, Cory (August 17, 2016). "Spotlight: Uncertain". The Public. Buffalo Public Media, LLC. Archived from the original on 26 August 2016. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
- "The IoS Pink List 2011". Independent on Sunday. 23 October 2011. Archived from the original on 4 April 2012.
- Holmes M. (2002). Rethinking the Meaning and Management of Intersexuality. Sexualities, 159–180."
- Nguyễn Khắc Thuần (1998), Việt sử giai thoại (History of Vietnam's tales), vol. 8, Vietnam Education Publishing House, p. 55.
- "Esther Morris Leidolf - Our Bodies Ourselves". Our Bodies Ourselves. 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-05-28. Retrieved 2015-05-27.
- Leidolf, Esther Morris (July 17, 2006). "The Missing Vagina Monologue … and Beyond". Journal of Gay & Lesbian Psychotherapy. 10 (2): 77–92. doi:10.1300/J236v10n02_05. ISSN 0891-7140.
- "YouTube". Archived from the original on 8 April 2017. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
- Reporter, Staff (2016-04-29). "Intersex person to contest from Madurai North". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 4 January 2018. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
- "3rd gender gets a new champion in Tamil Nadu poll ring - Times of India". Archived from the original on 30 May 2016. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
- "Intersex candidate alleges harassment - Times of India". Archived from the original on 2 October 2016. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
- "This intersex person is contesting TN polls, 'ze' wants to change your mind on sexual minorities". 24 April 2016. Archived from the original on 6 April 2017. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
- "One Who Fights For an Other". The New Indian Express. Archived from the original on 2016-09-24.
- "At 19, Ze Came out of the Closet. Today, Ze Is Helping the LGBTQIA Community Live with Dignity". 27 November 2015. Archived from the original on 28 December 2016. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
- Reid-Smith, Tris (July 18, 2013). "The LA radio host who came out as intersex and why no one gossiped". Gay Star News. Archived from the original on May 29, 2016. Retrieved 2016-08-20.
- "Website of Mani B Mitchell, Wellington, New Zealand". Archived from the original on 12 May 2013. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
- "Model Hanne Gaby Odiele reveals she is intersex". Archived from the original on 23 January 2017. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
- "Champions of Change". WhiteHouse.gov. Archived from the original on 2015-07-08. Retrieved 2015-12-05.
- Lieberman, Hallie (August 29, 2018). "The Trigger Effect". The Atavist Magazine (82). Retrieved 2018-08-31.
- Padawer, Ruth (2016-06-28). "The Humiliating Practice of Sex-Testing Female Athletes". The New York Times.
- Saner, Emine (2008-07-30). "The gender trap". London: Guardian. Archived from the original on 2013-09-02. Retrieved 2009-08-21.
- Sinclair, Jim (1997). Self-introduction to the Intersex Society of North America. Archived 2009-02-07 at the Wayback Machine Jim Sinclair's personal website. Retrieved on 2007-12-02.
- Somerset, G. T. (1992) A Girl Called Georgina – Over the Sex Border, London, The Book Guild.
- Kalra, Sanjay; Kulshreshtha, Bindu; Unnikrishnan, AmbikaGopalakrishnan (2012). "We care for intersex: For Pinky, for Santhi, and for Anamika". Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. 16 (6): 873–5. doi:10.4103/2230-8210.102980. ISSN 2230-8210. PMC 3510954. PMID 23226629. Archived from the original on 2018-01-04. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
- van der Have, Miriam (August 1, 2014). "Voeg een I toe aan LHBT: intersekse uit de onzichtbaarheid". Het Parool. Archived from the original on November 11, 2017.
- Cianciotto, Jason (December 24, 2015). "Intersex Activism to the Fore During UN Advocacy Push". Gay City News. Archived from the original on December 23, 2016.
- "Critical Sexology". Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
- The Local (February 27, 2015). "Intersex person sues clinic for unnecessary op". Archived from the original on December 14, 2015. Retrieved 2015-12-21.
- Zwischengeschlecht (August 12, 2009). "Christiane Völling: Hermaphrodite wins damage claim over removal of reproductive organs". Archived from the original on July 5, 2015. Retrieved 2015-07-20.
- "German Gender-Assignment Case Has Intersexuals Hopeful". DW.COM. Deutsche Welle. 12 December 2007. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 2015-12-21.
- "Groundbreaking SPLC lawsuit accuses South Carolina, doctors and hospitals of unnecessary surgery on infant". Southern Poverty Law Center. May 13, 2013. Archived from the original on February 15, 2016.
- "Beyond Two Genders". 1 January 2008. Archived from the original on 21 April 2017. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
- Gender Spectrum (August 1, 2018). "Interview with Rabbi Rueben [sic] Zellman". Retrieved October 7, 2018 – via YouTube.
- Madison, Alex (August 1, 2018). "Music center launches genderqueer chorus". Bay Area Reporter. Retrieved October 7, 2018.
- McNamara, Brittney (July 26, 2017). "Why Doctors Should NOT Perform Surgery on Intersex People Without Consent". Teen Vogue. Archived from the original on August 6, 2017. Retrieved 2017-08-05.
- Rein, Lisa (27 October 2015). "Intersex applicants face passport discrimination, says lawsuit seeking option other than 'M' or 'F'". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 9 December 2015. Retrieved 1 December 2015.
- "Intersex activist Dana Zzyym sues US State Department after having passport application denied". ABC News. 26 October 2015. Retrieved 1 December 2015.