List of historical swords

This is a list of notable individual swords, known either from historical record or from surviving artifacts.

Legendary swords

These swords do not survive as artifacts and their description may be of doubtful historicity.

  • Sword of Attila – The sword of Attila the Hun, said to have been sent by the gods.
  • Balmung – The sword of Siegfried, later used by Hagen, in the Nibelungenlied and the preceding legends.
  • Colada – One of two swords owned by El Cid in 11th century Spain. While it now only exists in legend, the other, Tizona, is all but proven to remain at the Museum of Burgos (see below).
  • Durandal – The sword of Charlemagne's paladin, Roland, in the 11th and 12th century, accounted in The Song of Roland.
  • Grus – The sword of Bolesław Krzywousty (Boleslaus the Wrymouthed), medieval prince of Poland.
  • ExcaliburKing Arthur's sword given to him by the Lady in the Lake, and then later returned to her after Arthur's reign.
  • Joyeuse – The sword of Charlemagne (Charles the Great), the famed medieval king of the Franks and first emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • Kusanagi-no-tsurugi (草薙の剣) / Ame no Murakumo no Tsurugi (天叢雲剣 lit. Sword of the heaven of the clustering clouds) / Kusanagi ("Grasscutter" or more probably "sword of snake"). It may also be called Tsumugari no Tachi (都牟刈の太刀) – Both a mythical and real sword of equivalent importance to Japan as Excalibur is to Britain.
  • Legbiter – A gaddhjalt sword of the viking King Magnus Barelegs killed in battle at County Down in 1103.
  • Skofnung – The sword of legendary Danish king Hrólf Kraki whose legend dates back to the 5th century and writings to the 13th century in Hrólfs saga kraka.
  • Sword in the Stone – The sword King Arthur of Camelot legendarily drew from a stone, often named Caliburn, but may be Durandal, and/or The Bishop's Sword (a.k.a. The "Sword of Saint Peter" which translated from Latin and Greek also means "Sword of the Rock", Peter being "The Rock").
  • Zulfiqar – A scissor-like double bladed sword belonging to Ali, the son-in-law of the prophet Mohamad and Caliph from 656 to 661. (aka Dhu al-Fiqar)


These swords are preserved artifacts, though their attribution to historical characters may be doubtful.

Pre-modern swords


Asian swords

Far Eastern swords
Near Eastern swords

Modern swords

See also


  1. "El sable corvo de San Martín", Epoca, AF Pombo, Difusora de Informacion Periodica, July 28, 2005
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