List of historical ships in British Columbia

The following is a list of vessels notable in the history of the Canadian province of British Columbia, including Spanish, Russian, American and other military vessels and all commercial vessels on inland waters as well as on saltwater routes up to the end of World War II (1945). Royal Navy ships are listed separately in List of Royal Navy ships in the Pacific Northwest.


Ship Other names Captain(s) Type Tons Draft Registry (flag) Owner(s) Events/locations Dates in BC Demise Comments
Activo Activa Bodega y Quadra, Cosme Beltodano, Salvador Menéndez, Salvador Fidalgo, José María Narváez, others brigantine 200 ton, 16 guns, 2 masts (originally 195 ton displacement, carried twelve 3-pounders and two 3-pounder swivel guns) Spain Spanish Navy Dept. of San Blas Keel laid 9 December 1791; completed in 60 days; cost 29,854 pesos. Launched 29 February 1792. Remained in service of San Blas Naval Base until at least 1808. Built as a schooner specifically for Bodega's 1792 diplomatic voyage to Nootka Sound and named Activa. In 1793 or 1794 was reconfigured as a brigantine and renamed Activo.[1]
SS Abyssinia Abyssinia Steamship: passenger and freight liner 3651 tons CPR (chartered from Cunard) 1887, TransPacific record on inaugural CPR shipment from Orient to NY/UK 1887–1891 destroyed by fire First of CPR liners, pre-Empress series
Adventure Horcasitas, Orcasitas, Orcacitas Robert Haswell sloop, merchant about 45[2] U.S., Spain Boston merchants, then Spanish Navy Dept. of San Blas First U.S. ship built in the Pacific, traded to Bodega y Quadra in 1792. 1792– Built at Clayoquot Sound over the winter of 1791-1792 by the crews of the Columbia Rediviva and Lady Washington. Some materials were brought from Boston but most were harvested at Adventure Cove, Clayoquot Sound.[2]
SS Albion
SS Alert
Alexander Asa Dodge, John Brown brigantine, converted to brig, converted to ship[2] 134[2] 68 feet in length Abiel Winship, Charles Winship; ten other Boston merchants Built in Pembroke, Massachusetts.[2] 1789, 1800, 1803[2] Visited northern Vancouver Island in 1800, opening a lasting trading relationship between Americans and the Kwakwaka'wakw.[2]
SS Alice
Alpha steam launch Arrow Lakes and Columbia River during CPR construction
Amelia formerly French Emilie[3] Trotter brig[2] United States Providence, Rhode Island merchants At Nootka Sound in May, 1793, then to Haida Gwaii in company with Jefferson.[2] 1793, 1795, 1797[2]
Ann James Hale, then Stephen Hersey[2] Brig[2] 204 tons[2] US Bryant & Sturgis and Boardman & Pope[2] Built 1816, Pembroke, MA. In 1819 arrived in Kaigani Haida territory and traded along the Northwest Coast. Sailed to Canton in late 1819, then to Boston. A second voyage left Boston in 1822 and spent two years in Hawaii, California, and probably the Northwest Coast. Sold to Russians at Bodega Bay in late 1823.[2] 1819, 1823
Aránzazu Juan Bautista Matute, Jacinto Caamaño, John Kendrick Jr., others frigate Spain Spanish Navy Dept. of San Blas scientific/ethnographic survey circa 1789-1795 Also spelled Aranzazú
Argonaut Argonauta James Colnett Britain King George's Sound Company, then joint company with John Meares and partners Captured by Spain during Nootka Crisis After captured by Spain was briefly part of the Spanish Navy at San Blas and called a packet boat, Argonauta. It was to be part of the 1790 fleet sailing to Nootka Sound under Eliza, but the San Carlos was used instead.[4]
SS Arthur
Astrolabe L'Astrolabe Fleuriot de Langle frigate 500 tons France French Navy La Pérouse Expedition. With Boussole, was 5th and 6th ships to visit Hawaii.[5] late 1780s see also Boussole
Atahualpa Dixey Wildes (1st voyage), Oliver Porter, Adams (2nd voyage), William Sturgis (3rd voyage), John Suter (4th voyage)[2] 210 tons[2] U.S., Russia Theodore Lyman and associates.[6] Russian American Company.[2] Made four voyages toe the Northwest Coast.[2] Attacked in Milbanke Sound, 1805; Captain Porter and 8 men killed.[2] Coordinated with Lydia (II) after attack. Sold to Russians and renamed Bering.[5] 1801–1802, 1804-1805 1807, 1812-1813 Wrecked at Waimea Bay.[2] Built in Kennebunk. Sister ship of the Guatimozin. With Lydia (II) (see that entry) sold to Russians for 20,000 sealskins.[2]
Atlinto gasoline-screw None Sold to John Noland in 1927. Operated on Atlin Lake. 1911-present On display at Atlin. Built in 1911.

This boat is not to be confused with the sidewheeler Atlinto, built in 1904, and which became the Glengarry in 1906.

Atrevida José de Bustamante corvette 120 foot length, 306 tons, 16 officers and 86 men Spain Spanish Navy Launched 1788, returned to Spain 1794 Twin of the Descubierta


Ship Other names Captain(s) Type Tons Draft Registry (flag) Owner(s) Events/locations Dates in BC Demise Comments
RMS BC Express Joseph Bucey sternwheeler Gross 449 Registered 283 Barnard's Express Launched at Soda Creek June 1912 Retired in 1920 at South Fort George
Beaver sidewheeler Britain HBC Maritime Fur Trade and military use from Columbia River to Alaska Panhandle 1836-1888 Wrecked at Prospect Point, Stanley Park Boulton and Watt beam engines
Belle Savage David Ockington Brig[2] 183 tons[2] US 1801, attacked by 150 Haida in Fitz Hugh Sound, vessel was captured but retaken.[7][2] 1801-1802 Built 1799 at Braintree, Massachusetts. Sometimes sailed in company of Atahualpa.[2]
Blair of Athol Steam-screw, one 6ʺ × 5½ʺ cyl. 11 Canada #111608 Joseph G. “Scottie” Morrison (1898-1902);

Margaret Ward (1902-1904); Northern Lumber Co. (1904-1905)

Operated on Atlin Lake. 1898-1905 Broken up in 1905. Built in 1900 by Morrison at New Westminster, B.C.
Bordelais Camille de Roquefeuil Ship 200 tons, 8 guns, 34 crew France Balguerie Jr., Bordeaux, France Maritime Fur Trade 1817, 1818 1817, sailed from France to Chile, California, Nootka Sound.[8]
Boston John Salter "trading ship"[9] US On 22 March 1803, was seized by Maquinna, all but two of the crew "murdered"; a "desperate attempt by Maquinna to regain his prestige.[10] 1803 Only survivors John Thompson and John R. Jewitt, the latter's account of his captivity is a classic in Pacific Northwest early history. Both lived in captivity at Nootka Sound until rescued in July 1805 by Captain Samuel Hill of the Boston brig Lydia.[2]
Boussole La Boussole La Pérouse frigate 500 tons France French Navy With Astrolabe, 5th and 6th ships to visit Hawaii.[5] late 1780s
Butterworth William Brown 400 tons Britain William Brown Maritime fur trading in 1790s Part of the "Butterworth squadron", including Jackall and Prince Lee Boo
RMS B.X. Owen Forrester Browne sternwheeler Gross 513 Registered 283 16 inches Canada Barnard's Express Launched in Soda Creek May 13, 1910 Sank in August 1919, Salvaged and Retired October 1919


Ship Other names Captain(s) Type Tons Draft Registry (flag) Owner(s) Events/locations Dates in BC Demise Comments
Cadboro Schooner, 4 guns, 12 men 71 Britain HBC carried J. Douglas from Ft. Nisqually to site of Ft. Victoria, 1842 Launched 1826[11] Sold (1846?)[11] HBC ship used for the PNW coast trade
SS Caledonia
Captain Cook Betsey (renamed Captain Cook in 1785)[12] Henry Laurie (or Lawrie)[12] brig 350 tons, crew of 61, including James Strange (1786 voyage)[12] Britain James Strange and David Scott (future chairman of East India Company)[12] Left John Mackay at Nootka Sound to collect furs until Strange returned, but he never did. Mackay was taken aboard the Imperial Eagle in 1787. Under direction of James Strange, explored and named Queen Charlotte Sound; continued north to Prince William Sound. Tried but failed to sail to Copper Island. Returned to Macau in December 1786.[12][12] 1786 Sailed with the Experiment
SS Cariboo Archibald Jameison Archibald Jameison At 2 in the morning on August 2, 1861 the ship exploded as it was leaving Victoria harbour. 7 people died. Sunk August 2, 1861
Caroline Charles Derby, William Sturgis 150 tons[2] Thomas & James Lamb, Russell Sturgis, and Ebenezer Preble (1st voyage),[2] J & T Lamb, Sturgis, and James & Thomas H. Perkins (2nd).[2] Captain Derby died in 1802, First Mate Sturgis took command.[2] 1801-1802, 1804-1805 Profittable 2nd voyage; acquired 4,900 sea otter pelts.[2]
Casca sternwheeler, two 16ʺ x 72ʺ cyl. 590 Canada #103919 Casca Trading & Transportation Co. (1898 to 1899 or 1900);

Otto R. Bremmer (1899 or 1900 to 1903); Ironside, Rennie & Campbell Co. (1903-1904); White Pass & Yukon Route (1904-1911)

Operated on the Stikine River in 1898 and 1899. 1898-1899 Broken up at Lower Laberge, Yukon in 1911. Built in 1898 by the Esquimalt Marine Ry. Co. at Victoria, B.C.
SS Cecil
SS Champion
Charlotte James D. Ingersoll 155 tons[2] US Seventeen Boston owners.[2] Built at Scituate, Massachusetts, 1800; in Haida territory in 1801; sold in 1802.[2] 1801 Went to avenge the Haida attack on the Belle Savage. Five chiefs were lured on board then murdered. Later the Haida avenged this event with the murder of Bernard Magee of the Globe.[2]
MV Charlotte Owen Forrester Browne Frank Odin sternwheeler Gross 217 Registered 79 Canada North British Columbia Navigation Company Launched at Quesnel on August 3, 1896 Wrecked at Fort George Canyon, salvaged and abandoned at Quesnel 1910
Chernui Orel Russia
Chichagoff Chichagov Russia
MV Chilco Nechacco John Bonser in 1909-10 George Ritchie 1910-11 sternwheeler Gross 129 Registered 76 Canada Fort George Lumber and Navigation Company Launched at Quesnel May 25, 1909 Tore apart in ice jam at Cottonwood Canyon in April 1911. Nothing recovered First sternwheeler to navigate the Grand Canyon of the Fraser
MV Chilcotin D.A. Foster sternwheeler Gross 435 Registered 274 Fort George Lumber and Navigation Company Launched at Soda Creek July 20, 1910 Retired 1914
City of Ainsworth Lean sternwheeler Canada Sank in storm on Kootenay Lake November 29, 1898, 9 lives lost Wreck is heritage site
Colonel Moody
Columbia Barque, 6 guns, 24 men 308 tons[11] Britain HBC Launched 1835 Sold (1850?)[11] HBC ship used for the PNW coast trade.[11]
Columbia US Columbia River and Kootenay Steam Navigation Company Arrow Lakes-Columbia River service destroyed by fire
Columbia Rediviva Columbia Robert Gray, John Kendrick full rigged ship[13] Burthen: 213 tons.[13] Length: 83′6″. Beam: 24′2″. Draft: 11'. Crew: 16-18 min, 30-31 max.[13] U.S. First exploration of the Columbia River Built 1787 (or rebuilt, "rediviva" meaning "revived"), Plymouth, MA.[13] Decommissioned 15 Oct 1806, salvaged.[13] sometimes sailed with Lady Washington
SS Commodore
Concepción Francisco de Eliza, others depot-guardship, frigate, or corvette Spain Spanish Navy Dept. of San Blas Guarded Fort San Miguel in 1790 and 1791. Described by Bodega: "is no more than a corvette with 26 small-calibre guns."[14]
MV Conveyor Jack Shannon sternwheeler gross 725 registered 457 Canada Foley, Welch and Stewart Launched on Skeena River in 1909, Fraser River in 1912 Retired at Fort George Worked on both GTP and PGE rail construction
Convoy William H. McNeil Brig 135 tons US Josiah Marshall, Boston[8] Maritime Fur Trade 1826
SS Consort
Cortez Spain
SS Cowlitz Britain HBC Launched 1840 Sold 1851 HBC ship used for the PNW coast trade.[11]
Crusader Benjamin Pickens Brig 110 tons US Eliab Grimes.[8] Maritime Fur Trade 1832
Cutch Jessie Banning, Bogota schooner-rigged steamship Canada Union Steamship Company of British Columbia Union Steamship Co's first successful passenger ship Later served as a gunboat in South America


Ship Other names Captain(s) Type Tons Draft Registry (flag) Owner(s) Events/locations Dates in BC Demise Comments
Dare (schooner) 3-masted schooner rwewced Dec. 23, 1880 off Carmanah Point[15] while en route from San Francisco to Tacoma home port North Bend OR; Dare Point near Carmanah is named after the ship.
SS Demaris Cove
Derby Benjamin Smith (1st voyage), James Bennett, then Thomas Brown (2nd voyage)[2] ship 300 tons[2] United States J. & T.H. Perkins and James & Thomas Lamb, and Benjamin Smith 1807, 1810 Built 1803 in Salem, Massachusetts. William Sturgis on board during 2nd voyage.[2]
Descubierta Alessandro Malaspina corvette 120 foot length, 306 tons, 16 officers and 86 men Spain Spanish Navy Launched 1788, in Pacific Northwest 1791, returned to Spain 1794 Twin of the Atrevida
Despatch Dispatch Elias Nordbery, then John Caswell (1st voyage); Jonathan Bowers (2nd); William Breck (3rd); Samuel A. Dorr (4th)[2] Ship 106 tons[2] United States Dorr and Sons of Boston[2] In 1795 rescued the only survivor of the Resolution, tender to the Jefferson, whose crew, including Captain Burling and Solomon Kendrick had been killed at Cumshewa. In July 1795 Captain Nordbery was accidentally killed by the Kaigani Haida Chief Altatsee. In May 1799 at Kaigani helped negotiate an end to a mutiny on the Boston ship Ulysses, and witnessed execution of two native captives by Captain Rowan of the Eliza.[2] 1795, 1797, 1799, 1801 Made four voyages to the Northwest Coast.
Dobraia Namerenia Russia
SS Dolphin
SS Dryad 204 tons[11] Britain HBC Launched 1825, purchased by HBC 1829.[11] Sold 1836[11] HBC ship used for the PNW coast trade.[11]
Duchesnay Gen. Jeff C. Davis (1900-1933) sternwheeler, two 12ʺ x 54ʺ cyl. 277 Canada #107151 Canadian Pacific Ry. (1898-1899);

Edward J. Rathbone (1899-1900); U.S. Army (1900-1922); Alaskan Engineering Commission (1922-1923); The Alaska Railroad (1923-1933)

Operated between Wrangell, Alaska and points on the Stikine River in 1898. 1898-1899 Broken up at Nenana, Alaska in 1933. Built in 1898 by C.P. Ry. at Vancouver, Washington.
SS Duchess of San Lorenzo


Ship Other names Captain(s) Type Tons Draft Registry (flag) Owner(s) Events/locations Dates in BC Demise Comments
SS Eagle 193 tons[11] Britain HBC Launched 1824, purchased by HBC 1827.[11] Sold 1837[11] HBC ship used for the PNW coast trade.[11]
Eleanora Eleanor Simon Metcalfe brig 190 tons[2] U.S. Almost captured during 1789 Nootka Crisis. 1787 or 1788; 1789, 1790, 1794[2] Captured and destroyed by Haida under Koyah.[2] One of the first American vessels on Northwest Coast, possibly predating Columbia and Lady Washington.[2]
Eliza James Rowan[16] Ship 135 tons[2] US J. & T.H. Perkins, James Magee, Russell Sturgis, and other Boston merchants.[2] At "Nass", May 1799, Captain Rowan captured Haida Chief Scotsi and his brother. In 1796 Rowan had served on the Sea Otter under Stephen Hills, who was killed by Scotsi at Cumshewa. In revenge Rowan arranged the execution of Scotsi and his brother by Kaigani Haida at Tattiskey, witnessed by the Boston ships Ulysses, Despatch, and Eliza, and about 2,000 natives. About the same time Roman and Captain Breck of the Despatch ended a mutiny on the Ulysses. William Sturgis transferred to the Ulysses. Later in 1799 Rowan became the first American captain to try trading illegally in California.[2] 1799 Built 1796, Providence, Rhode Island. William Sturgis part of crew.[2]
SS Eliza Anderson
Ellwood Sail 5 Canada #107637 Thomas H. Worsnop Operated on Atlin Lake. 1898-191_ Registry closed in 1916. Built in 1898 at Seattle, Washington.
SS Emily Harris
SS Emma Rooke
RMS Empress of Japan steamship/ocean liner 5,905 GRT Canada Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) trans-Pacific speed record until 1914 1926, scrapped
RMS Empress of Japan RMS Empress of Scotland, SS Hanseatic steamship/ocean liner 30,030 GRT Canada, Germany Canadian Pacific Steamships (CP) 1966, fire in NYC harbor
SS England
Enterprise (I) Ezekiel Hubbell, and possibly Joseph O'Cain and/or James Scott[2] Ship 240 tons[2] United States New York merchants[2] Encountered the Atahualpa in Sitka, April 1801.[2] 1801
Enterprise (II) John Ebbets (or Ebberts)[2] Ship 291 tons[2] United States John Jacob Astor[2] At Nahwitti, June 1810, then Sitka 1810-1811, 1816-1817 Built 1807 in Philadelphia. Two voyages to Northwest Coast, wintering in Hawaii.[2]
MV Enterprise JW Doane and Thomas Wright sternwheeler Canada Gustavus Blin-Wright Made one trip to Takla Lake for Omenica Gold Rush Launched at Alexandria May 9, 1863 Wrecked on Trembleur Lake 1871 First sternwheeler on upper Fraser River. First of only two to travel to Takla Lake
Enterprise (1861) William Alexander Mouat and George Rudlin sidewheeler Hudson's Bay Company The first wooden side-wheeler to travel between Victoria and New Westminster on the Fraser River Built at San Francisco in 1861 and bought by Hudson's Bay Company in 1862 Collided with the steamer R.P. Rithet (sternwheeler) 28 July 1885
SS Europa
SS Exact
Experiment John Guise[12] 150 tons, crew of "about 36"[12] Britain James Strange and David Scott (future chairman of East India Company)[12] Maritime fur trading along the coast from Nootka Sound to Prince William Sound. With James Strange aboard sailed to China, arriving at Macau in November 1786.[12] 1786 Sailed with the Captain Cook


Ship Other names Captain(s) Type Tons Draft Registry (flag) Owner(s) Events/locations Dates in BC Demise Comments
Fair American Thomas Humphrey Metcalfe schooner or brig 24 tons[2] U.S. Possibly Simon Metcalfe.[2] Separated from Eleanora near Macau in 1789, sailed via Unalaska to Nootka Sound. There captured by Spain during the Nootka Crisis. Returned by 1790 and sailed to Hawaii for rendezvous with Eleanora. Attacked and captured by Native Hawaiians in revenge for Simon Metcalfe's Olowalu Massacre, with only one survivor, Isaac Davis. 1789 Built in New Jersey, 1784. Tender to Simon Metcalfe's Eleanora. Captured and crewed by Hawaiians under Kamehameha I. Later returned to New York and enrolled for coast service in 1795.[2]
Fairy William Rogers[17] US (Boston)[17] William Douglas[17] Maritime Fur Trade 1791, 1794 Owned by William Douglas, captain of the Grace and formerly of the Iphigenia.[17]
Favorita Ignacio de Arteaga frigate Spain Spanish Navy Dept. of San Blas 1779 sailed with Princesa under Bodega y Quadra
Felice Felice Adventure, Felice Adventurer, Feliz Aventureira, Feliz Aventurero, Felice Aventura Ostensibly Francisco José Viana, but really John Meares[18] Portugal John Meares and partners Maritime Fur Trade vessel in the 1780s, captured with three others of Meares' ships by Spain in 1789, causing the Nootka Crisis but released in 1789 or 1790. In 1788 carried materials for building the North West America to Nootka Sound. Together with the Iphigenia, flying the Portuguese flag to evade East India Company monopoly in the region, but actually British in operation
Fenis and St. Joseph Sao Jao y Fenix, San José el Fénix Ostensibly John de Barros Andrade, but really Robert Duffin brig Portugal Probably John Meares and partners transported Zachary Mudge to China, as part of the Vancouver Expedition 1792 sailing under a flag of convenience
Flying Dutchman William Moore first lumber shipment from Burrard Inlet; Moodyville August 1863
MV Fort Fraser Doctor John Bonser (1910) George Ritchie (1911–13) sternwheeler gross 33, registered 21 Canada Fort George Lumber and Navigation Company launched at Soda Creek June 1910 retired in 1913 First sternwheeler to navigate the upper Fraser River to Tête Jaune Cache
SS Fort Yale
Forty-Nine Leonard White Big Bend Gold Rush/CPR Survey 1865-1866/1870s end of gold rush, revived for CPR survey Big Bend service was from Marcus, Washington to La Porte, British Columbia; from 1871 supply ship for Walter Moberly's survey party


Ship Other names Captain(s) Type Tons Draft Registry (flag) Owner(s) Events/locations Dates in BC Demise Comments
SS Ganymede 214 tons[11] Britain HBC Launched 1827, purchased by HBC 1830.[11] Sold 1837.[11] HBC ship used for the PNW coast trade.[11]
SS George Emery
SS Georgianna
Gladys Alcohol vapor screw (1899-1906);

Steam-screw (1906-1930)

9 Canada #107722 North-West Mounted Police (1899-1904);

Royal Canadian Mounted Police (1904-1910); Pine Creek Power Co. (1910-1914); Inland Trading Co. (1914-1930)

Operated on Atlin Lake. 1899-1930 Abandoned at Atlin in 1930. Built in 1899 by Marine Vapor Engine Co. at Jersey City, New Jersey.
Glengarry Atlinto (1904-1906) sidewheeler None William J. Smith and James D. Durie Operated on Atlin Lake. 1904 to 1907 or 1908 Retired in 1907 or 1908. Built in 1904 by Smith at Atlin.

This boat is not to be confused with a gasoline-screw boat of the name Atlinto, which was built in 1911, and which has been put on display at Atlin.

Globe Bernard Magee, then William Cunningham[2] Ship 245 tons[2] United States Thomas H. Perkins, Bernard Magee, James Magee.[2] October, 1801, Captain Magee killed by Haida at Skidegate.[2] 1801-1802, maritime fur trade Built 1800, Newbury, Massachusetts.[2]
Golden Hind Golden Hinde, Golden Hynde, Pelican Francis Drake galleon 300 9 feet England circumnavigation Alleged to have visited the BC Coast
Grace William Douglas, R.D. Coolidge schooner 85 tons[2] Flew US flag but was never in a US port and had no registration papers.[2] Maritime Fur Trade. Sometimes sailed with Lady Washington under John Kendrick; together made first American contact with Japan in 1791. approx. 1790-1793 Captained by same William Douglas who earlier captained the Iphigenia and was a British associate of Meares; later captained American ships and flew under the US flag.
Griffon Marcus T. Pierce, Charles Taylor, W.C. Little Brig 180 tons, 8 guns, 24 crew.[8] US Bryant & Sturgis and Boardman & Pope; Hawaiian owners after 1830.[2] Maritime Fur Trade 1825-1829 Built at Medford, Massachusetts. Spent four years on Northwest Coast, with short trips to Hawaii and California. Shipped furs to Canton on other vessels. In 1830 and 1832 hunted Californian sea otters with crews of Northwest Coast natives.[2]
SS Growler
Guatimozin S. Bumstead, William Clanville (or Glanville) 211 tons[2] US Theodore Lyman and associates, Boston 1801-1803, 1805, 1807–1808 Wrecked on New Jersey shore, February 1810.[2] Maritime Fur Trade vessel; sister ship of the Atahualpa. Made three voyages to Northwest Coast.[2]
Gustavus III see Mercury


Ship Other names Captain(s) Type Tons Draft Registry (flag) Owner(s) Events/locations Dates in BC Demise Comments
Halcyon Charles William Barkley brig 80 tons. Or 60 tons.[19] Britain 1792 Sailed with Venus. Visited Alaska but probably not present-day British Columbia.
Hamilton Lamuel Porter (1st and 2nd voyages); William Martain (3rd and 4th voyages)[2] Ship 233 tons[2] United States Lyman and Associates; William Sturgis, other Boston merchants.[2] At Tattiskey (south end Dall Island), 1806 or 1807, one crew wounded by Kaigani Haida

, then "a great many...numerous innocent" Haida were killed around the ship in revenge; at Nass between 1809-1811 a conflict escalated to violence and several crew killed; during 4th voyage often sailed in company of Mentor, Thaddeus, Rob Roy, and Volunteer.[2]

On Northwest Coast 1806-1807, 1809-1811, 1815-1818, 1820-1822.[2] Built in Maine; Made four maritime fur trade voyages to Northwest Coast, 1805-1823.[2]
Hamlin sternwheeler, two 16ʺ x 72ʺ cyl. 515 Canada #107144 Canadian Pacific Ry. (1898-1901);

White Pass & Yukon Route (1901-1903); John Banser, William McCallum, and David Reider (1903-1904); Thomas J. Kickham (1904-1910); Edward J. Coyle (dealer, 1910-1911); Hamlin Towing Co. (1911-1917); James H. Green (1917-1918); Defiance Packing Co. (1918-1923)

Operated between Wrangell, Alaska and points on the Stikine River in 1898. In the Vancouver, B.C. area, 1903-1910. In the Victoria, B.C. area 1910-1911. On the Fraser River, 1911-1923. 1898 and 1903-1923 Foundered in the Fraser River in 1923. Built in 1898 by the C.P. Ry. at Vancouver. Not used under W.P.&Y.R. ownership.
Hancock Samuel Crowell brig 94 tons[2] United States Samuel Crowell, Joseph Cordis, and Edward Jones[2] first US vessel to penetrate Masset Sound.[2] 1791, 1792, 1793 Built in Salem, Massachusetts, 1784.[2] Crowell and his men built a tender for the Hancock on Maast Island, off Masset, in the summer of 1791, which was the first European-type vessel to be built in the Haida Gwaii.[20][21][22]
Hancock (II) John Crocker[2] 205 tons.[2] United States Dorr and Sons.[2] In May, 1799, mutiny at Sitka, Alaska, seven crew left ashore. On Northwest Coast 1799.[2] Built in Boston, 1793; maritime fur trader; carried a commission as a privateer while on Northwest Coast; involved people (owners, crew, etc) included later Northwest Coast captains Nathaniel Dorr, William Dorr, and Edmund Fanning (of the Tonquin).[2]
SS Harmon
SS Harpooner
Hazard (I) Benjamin Swift (1st-3rd voyages), William Smith (4th voyage).[2] Brig[2] United States J. & T.H. Perkins, James Magee, Russell Sturgis, Eleazar Johnson. Margaret Magee after 1802 (only Boston woman known to have owned a share in a maritime fur trading vessel).[2] 1798, lost mate and four crew on Columbia Bar. 1808, on return to Boston boarded by Royal Navy and three crew pressed into service as British citizens.[2] 1797-1798, 1800-1801, 1803–1804, 1806-1807 Built in 1796 at Newburyport; made four maritime fur trade voyages to Northwest Coast, wintering on the coast (1st and 4th voyages) or in Hawaii (2nd and 3rd).[2]
Hazard (II) James Rowan (formerly of Eliza)[2] Ship United States On Northwest Coast 1803-1805; 1803 visits California, 1804 at Haida Gwaii.[2] Home port, Providence, Rhode Island; in 1803 begged permission to stay in California a while by reason of the danger of trading with Northwest Coast natives.[2]
Hazel B No. 1 Harry A. Barrington, Sydney C. Barrington, W. Hill Barrington 340 H.P. Diesel-screw 102 U.S.A. #243456 Barrington Transportation Co. (1941-1945);

Harry Donnelley (1945-1949); Kuskokwim Transportation Co. (1949 to 1952 or 1953); Alaska Towing & Salvage, Inc. (from 1952 or 1953)

Operated between Wrangell, Alaska and points on the Stikine River from 1941 to 1944. 1941-1944 Abandoned between 1965 & 1967 Built in 1941 by Barrington at Wrangell. The first Barrington boat named Hazel B had been built in 1914, and never operated in British Columbia.
1st Hazel B No. 2 Harry A. Barrington, Sydney C. Barrington, W. Hill Barrington 180 H.P. gasoline-screw 135 U.S.A. #214262 Barrington Transportation Co. Operated between Wrangell, Alaska and points on the Stikine River from 1916 to 1931. 1916-1931 Destroyed by fire at Wrangell in 1932. Built in 1916 by Barrington at Anchorage, Alaska.
2nd Hazel B No. 2 Harry A. Barrington, Sydney C. Barrington, W. Hill Barrington 270 H.P. Diesel-screw 143 U.S.A. #231646 Barrington Transportation Co. (1932 to 1952 or 1953);

Alaska Dept. of Health (1952 or 1953 to 1955); Donald A. Peterson (1955-1967)

Operated between Wrangell, Alaska and points on the Stikine River from 1932 to 1941. 1932-1941 Registry closed between 1981 & 1988. Built in 1932 by Marine Construction Co. at Seattle, Washington.
Hazel B No. 3 Harry A. Barrington, Sydney C. Barrington, W. Hill Barrington, Alan V. Ritchie 95 H.P. gasoline-screw 14 U.S.A. #215503 Barrington Transportation Co. (1917-1944);

Barrington Ritchie and Early Co. (1944-1949)

Operated between Wrangell, Alaska and points on the Stikine River from 1917 to 1949. 1917-1949 Foundered on the Stikine River in 1949. Built in 1917 by Charles M. Binkley Sr. at Wrangell.
Hazel B No. 4 Harry A. Barrington, Sydney C. Barrington, W. Hill Barrington 400 H.P. gasoline-screw 70 U.S.A. #218593 Barrington Transportation Co. Operated between Wrangell, Alaska and points on the Stikine River 1919-193_ Registry closed between 1933 & 1939. Built in 1919 by Barrington at Wrangell.
Hazelton John Bonser Joseph Bucey sternwheeler Canada Robert Cunningham and Hudson's Bay Company 1901-1912 made obsolete on Skeena River due to completion of GTP sold to Prince Rupert Yacht Club
Herald William J. Hammond (or Hammat)[2] Ship 303 tons.[2] United States More than 80 owners in 1822; in 1828 registered by Bryant & Sturgis with Paschal Pope.[2] Early career details unknown 1820s; 1829 at Kaigani in company with Volunteer and Griffin.[2] Built 1818 at Newbury for maritime fur trade. Early career details unknown. 1828-1829 voyage better known, John Suter on board (former captain and partner in several PNW ventures).[2]
Hope Joseph Ingraham Brigantine.[2] 72 tons.[2] U.S. Thomas Handasyd Perkins, Russell Sturgis, and James Magee.[2] 1791, Ingraham fashioned copper neckrings for trade which became highly popular that season, to great profit; in 1792 the fad had passed and Ingraham could hardly give them away and the venture lost money.[2] Built 1789 at Kittery; on Northwest Coast 1791, then China, then returned to NW Coast 1792.[2] captured in the Quasi-War and sold off in 1797 Maritime fur trader; In 1790 carried 12 cannon, 6 swivel guns, and other "War implements", with crew of 16. Ingraham's log published as Journal of the Brigantine Hope on a Voyage to the Northwest Coast of North America, 1790-1792. Parts of supercargo Ebenezer Dorr's journal survive.[23][2]


Ship Other names Captain(s) Type Tons Draft Registry (flag) Owner(s) Events/locations Dates in BC Demise Comments
Ilmena Lydia Captain Wadsworth brig 90 tons Russia Russian American Company 1814 See Lydia (II), which was purchased by RAC and renamed Ilmena.[2]
Imperial Eagle Loudon, changed to Imperial Eagle when adopting the Austrian flag.[24] Charles Barkley full rigged ship 400 tons[24] Austria Private trading company; backers included John Meares[24] Maritime Fur Trade Sailed for PNW under Charles Barclay in Nov. 1786. In Hawaii, May 1787.[25] At Nootka Sound in 1788; largest ship to ever enter Friendly Cove.[24] Ship confiscated in India around 1790, by East India Company or John Meares.[24] British but registered as Austrian to illegally evade East India Company trade monopoly.[25] First ship to sail up the western shore of Oahu.[25] Frances Barkley was the first woman to visit and first to write about British Columbia.[24]
Inlander Joseph Bucey 1910-11 John Bonser 1911-12 sternwheeler Canada Prince Rupert and Skeena River Navigation Company 1910-1912 abandoned at Port Essington last sternwheeler on Skeena River
India Packet Captain Rogers 226 tons, 88 feet long.[2] United States 1796-97, cruised northern coast, procuring 1,100 prime skins in Haida Gwaii and over 2,200 in total, sold in Canton and cargo of teas and "China curiosities" purchased; very profitable venture.[2] Sailed from Boston (1796) to Northwest Coast (1796-1797) to Canton (1797) to Boston (1798).[2] Built 1795 in Braintree. Ebenezer Johnson among crew, whose narrative was published in 1798 (one of very few American maritime fur trade accounts published during the trading era.[26][27][2]
Iphigenia , Iphigenia Nubiana, Ephigenia Ostensibly Francisco José Viana (Portuguese), but really William Douglas[18] Portugal John Meares and partners Maritime Fur Trade on the PNW coast, 1788-89. Captured with three others of Meares' ships by Spain in 1789, causing the Nootka Crisis, released in 1789 or 1790. Maritime Fur Trade vessel in late 1780s and early 1790s; British but registered as Portuguese to illegal evade East India Company trade monopoly.
SS Isaac Todd
Isabella William Heath Davis, Captain Tyler 209 tons.[2] United States Boardman and Pope, Boston.[2] 1809 left Boston, 1810 in Sitka, then to California with hunting party of Aleuts, 48 baidarkas, and a Russian overseer; in California 1810-1811, then Sitka; 1812 several trips between Hawaii and Canton. From 1812-1816 made several voyages between Hawaii, Northwest Coast, and California. 1810-? 1809 maritime fur trade voyage to California with Northwest Coast native labor from Sitka. Crewman Caleb Reynolds (on board 1809-1812) wrote account in his "Notebook" of a visit to a hot springs near Sitka, 1811.[2] Possibly sold to Russians in 1814, but soon in American hands again. Possibly the same ship later purchased by the HBC in 1829.
Isabella 195 tons[11] Britain HBC Purchased by HBC 1829.[11] Lost 1830.[11] HBC ship used for the PNW coast trade.[11]


Ship Other names Captain(s) Type Tons Draft Registry (flag) Owner(s) Events/locations Dates in BC Demise Comments
Jackal Jackall Alexander Stewart, William Brown sloop 86 Britain Priestly Maritime fur trading in 1790s Part of the "Butterworth squadron", including Butterworth and Prince Lee Boo
Jane Elias Newbury[3] or Nordbery.[2] Schooner 72 tons.[2] United States[3] Ebenezer Dorr (formerly mate of Hope and later captain of Otter)[2] 1792, registered in Boston for maritime fur trade voyage; 1793 at Haida Gwaii, 1794 at Canton; returned to Boston August 1794.[2] 1793[3] Built 1787 at Newburyport. Captain Nordbery commanded another Dorr vessel, the Despatch, in 1794, during which voyage he was killed by Haida Chief Altadsee.[2]
Jefferson Captain Josiah Roberts ship 145 tons.[2] United States Josiah Roberts (captain), Bernard Magee (first mate), Russell Sturgis, and 8 other Boston merchants.[2] 1791 left Boston; 1792 collected 13,000 seal pelts off Chile coast; then to Marquesas where small schooner, Resolution, was built to act as tender (under Mr. Burling, later captured and destroyed in Haida Gwaii). On Northwest Coast, 1793–94, mostly between Nootka Sound and Clayoquot Sound, and Haida Gwaii; wintered in Clayoquot Sound; to Canton in late 1794; return to Boston 1795.[2] 1793-1794 Lost at Cape of Good Hope sometime after 1795.[2] Built 1791 at Newburyport for Northwest Coast maritime fur trade. After 1791-95 voyage changed ownership. Bernard Magee's log survives, owned by Massachusetts Historical Society; Magee is very critical of John Meares's chart and descriptions of coast. Captain Roberts claimed to have discovered the Marquesas Islands (naming them "Washington's Islands").[2]
Jenny Captain James Baker Britain 1790s
Jenny (II) Captain Bowers (1st and 2nd voyages), Captain Crocker (3rd) 205 tons.[2] United States Ebenezer Dorr and sons.[2] 1797 left Boston; 1798 on Northwest Coast; 1799 in Boston; 1800 on NW Coast, then Canton; 1801 in Boston. 1802 on NW Coast, then Hawaii and Canton; 1803 in Europe, then Boston.[2] 1798 (1st voyage), 1800 (2nd), 1802 (3rd). Built in New York City. Made three maritime fur trade voyages to Northwest Coast. In Antwerp, 1803, Madame Bonaparte visited the vessel.[2]
John Bright wrecked near Clo-oose inconclusive piracy & murder investigation[28]
Joseph Peabody Joseph Moore brig 225 tons.[2] United States Left New York in 1835, on Northwest Coast 1836, causing the Hudson's Bay Company annoyance, as they were trying to drive the Americans away. Also cruised California. In 1837 arrived in Canton, via Hawaii; returned to New York later in 1837.[2] 1836 One of the last US maritime fur trade vessels to cruise the Northwest Coast. Named for a prominent Salem merchant.[2]
Juno John Kendrick Jr. (might have been in command by end of 1st voyage), Captain Gibbs (master, 1st voyage), John D'Wolf (or De Wolf, 2nd voyage) 206 tons. United States, Russia George D'Wolf (or De Wolf) and John D'Wolf (2nd voyage) 1801 sailed from Bristol, Rhode Island; 1802-1803 on Northwest Coast. March 1803, tried unsuccessfully to rescue survivors of the Boston in Nootka Sound; 1804 in Canton; 1805 on Northwest Coast; October 1805, sold to Russians; continued to cruise Northwest Coast under Russian flag with Aleut hunters. May 1810, harassed by Haida; Captain Hill of the Otter was accused of instigating the harassment.[2] 1802-1803, 1805 Lost at sea, November 1811.[2] Two maritime fur trade voyages to Northwest Coast. After selling Juno to Russians in 1805, crew and furs sent to Canton, John D'Wolf travelled in small Russian vessel to Kamchatka then overland 5,500 miles to St. Petersburg. D'Wolf was Herman Melville's uncle and is mentioned in Moby-Dick and Redburn.[2]


Ship Other names Captain(s) Type Tons Draft Registry (flag) Owner(s) Events/locations Dates in BC Demise Comments
Katherine Catherine Bazilla Worth (1st voyage), William Blanchard (3rd voyage) ship 287 tons.[2] United States Boardman and Pope (3rd voyage) 1800 left Boston, 1801 on Northwest Coast; wintered in Hawaii; 1802 on Northwest Coast; late 1802 in Canton with cargo of 500 sea otter and 1,700 seal skins. 1803 in Boston. 1804 left Boston for Northwest Coast, no record of being on Northwest Coast but was in Canton in autumns of 1805 and 1806. Left Boston 1809; 1810 in California, Northwest Coast; 1811 in Sitka; 1812 active in California, then returned to Sitka, then sailed for Canton. Unknown if ship returned to Boston.[2] 1801-1802, maybe 1805, 1810-1812 Possibly lost in 1812-1813. Built in Braintree in or shortly before 1800. Used in maritime fur trade and sealing. In 1811-1812 took some Russians and Aleut hunters with 50 baidarkas to California and returned them to Sitka, sharing profits with Baranoff of Russian-American Company. Also sold $10,000 worth of English textiles to RAC.[2]
King George Nathaniel Portlock 320 tons, crew of 59.[12] Britain King George's Sound Company[12] 1786-87, Maritime Fur Trade in Pacific Northwest with Queen Charlotte under George Dixon Third ship to visit Hawaii, in 1786; after the two ships under Cook, 1778.[5]
Kingfisher Capt. Stephenson sloop three crew & captain massacred by Ahousaht Nuu-chah-nulth, 1864 punitive expedition by HMS Sutlej and HMS Devastation destroys eight villages
Komagata Maru steam liner Japan blockade of East Indian immigration, Vancouver 1914
Kootenai sternwheeler Japan CPR construction 1880s service was from Northport, Washington to Farwell (Revelstoke, British Columbia)


Ship Other names Captain(s) Type Tons Draft Registry (flag) Owner(s) Events/locations Dates in BC Demise Comments
La Flavie
La Solide
La Plata Spain
Labouchere John Swanson, W.A. Mouat paddle steamer Great Britain Hudson's Bay Company sank off Point Reyes, California, on April 15, 1866, with the loss of two lives
Lady of the Lake Sail None William J. Smith Operated on Atlin Lake. by 1904 until 1908 Retired in 1908. Built by 1904.
Lady of the Lake Great Britain Fraser Canyon Gold Rush, Douglas Road
Lady Washington Washington Robert Gray (to 1789), John Kendrick (1789-1794), Roger Simpson (1794-1795), Captain Reid (1796-?) sloop, refitted as brig 90 tons U.S. Consortium of Boston merchants. Kendrick after 1789 (apparently illegally); John Howel after Kendrick's death in 1794.[2] 1787 left Boston with Columbia; on Northwest Coast 1788, wintered at Nootka Sound; in July 1789 all furs of both vessels put on Columbia and Gray and Kendrick exchanged commands; Gray took Columbia to Canton and Boston while Kendrick assumed ownership of Lady Washington. In China 1790. In 1791 to Northwest Coast via Japan. In July 1791 Haida at Ninstints (Koyah's Harbor) tried to capture vessel in revenge for an earlier incident involving Kendrick. 1791-1796, several trips between Hawaii, Canton, and NW Coast, pioneering the Hawaii sandalwood trade. December 1794 Kendrick killed by a salute from the British Jackal. After 1796 operated between Canton and Batavia for Dutch agents.[2] 1788-1794 foundered in the Philippines in 1797 Consort of the Columbia Rediviva. First US ship known to clear from port for the Northwest Coast.[2]
LaGrange B.F. Snow Barque 259 tons.[2] United States Salem merchants. On Northwest Coast in 1834; then Hawaii and Canton with cargo of lumber and furs from NW Coast. At NW Coast and Hawaii 1836-1837. In 1849 took prospectors from Salem, Massachusetts, to California Gold Rush. Sold in California.[2] 1834, 1836 Built in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. One of the last American maritime fur trade vessels on Northwest Coast, irritating Hudson's Bay Company. Crew of 11 men (in 1836). Salem owners memorialized vessel with full-rigged model now in Peabody Essex Museum.[2]
SS Langley
SS Lama 150 tons[11] Britain HBC Launched 1826, purchased by HBC 1831.[11] Sold 1837.[11] HBC ship used for the PNW coast trade.[11]
Lama John Bancroft brig 145 tons.[2] United States Eliab Grimes (owner or "manager").[2] Early career unclear; 1838, sailed between Hawaii and California. Late 1838 took crew of Kaigani Haida to hunt sea otters in California. Haida mutinied, Bancroft killed, Haida left ship and took furs north in their kayaks.[2] 1838 Maritime fur trade. Adele Ogden wrote about the mutiny.[2]
Lapwing probably Andrew Blanchard (captain), William Blanchard (mate); then Russian captain and crew.[2] Brig 176 tons.[2] United States, Russia Nathaniel Dorr, William Blanchard, and others. Sold in Russians in Sitka.[2] 1824 left Boston; 1825 at Sitka sold to Russians. July 1825 at Honolulu with Russian crew; February 1826 at Canton.[2] 1825 Built in Scituate, Massachusetts in 1822. Maritime fur trade voyage 1824-1825. Sold to Russians who used vessel for fur trade.[2]
Lascar James Harris (former first mate of Borneo) Brig 217 tons. United States John Bryant, Lemuel Porter, William Sturgis, John Suter.[2] 1820 left Boston, 1821-24 on Northwest Coast, wintering in Hawaii; November 1824 in Hawaii; 1825 in Canton; August 1825 in Boston. Sold in 1825.[2] 1821-1824 Built 1817 in Medford. 1820 maritime fur trade voyage. Repeatedly met Rob Roy, Mentor, Hamilton, and Arab at Haida Gwaii or coasts to north and east. Reports of cruelty by Captain Harris caused owners to have their "greatest lawyer" bring charges against him (result unknown).[2]
SS Lausanne
Lelia Byrd William Shaler Brig 175 tons. United States William Shaler (captain) and Richard J. Cleveland of Salem, Massachusetts. August 1803 sailed from Canton to Northwest Coast; 1804 on NW Coast; failed to cross Columbia Bar over 8 days of trying; visited California; 1805 in Hawaii.[2] 1804 Registered in Portsmouth, Virginia. In 1805 sold to King Kamehameha in exchange for, in part, the smaller Hawaiian-built schooner Tamana.[2]
SS Leviathan
SS Lillooet survey ship
Litteler Littillar, Latitia, Little Lar Jonathan Dorr brig 110 tons. United States (Boston) John Dorr and Ebenezer Dorr Jr. of Boston 1800 left Boston; 1801 on NW Coast; January 1802 in Canton; arrive at Boston July 1802.[2] 1801 Built 1797 in Virginia. Made one maritime fur trade voyage 1800-1802.[2]
Loriot Captain Nye (1835). Captain Bancroft (1837).[2] Lieut. Lieut. William A. Slacum. Schooner; brig after 1833 92 tons.[2] U.S. Early career unclear; July 1833 sold in Oahu; 1835-1836 cruised between Hawaii, California, and NW Coast; 1836 tried to acquire Alaska Natives as contract hunters in California, boarded and driven from Alaska (Dall Island) by Imperial Russian Navy; 1837 on NW Coast, California, Hawaii.[2] 1836-1837 Built 1828 in Plymouth for maritime fur trade. In 1835, crew of ten described as almost entirely Native Hawaiian plus American officers. In 1836 American Consul wrote to US Secretary of State John Forsyth to protest the Russian Navy forcing vessel from Dall Island, saying that Tattisky (Datzkoo Harbour) was not in Russian territory and that the act ruined the ship's venture.[2]
Louisa William Martain (formerly of the Hamilton); James Lambert (after 1829) ship 222 tons United States (Boston) October 1826 left Boston; 1827-28 on Northwest Coast, wintered on coast. Ownership changed in Hawaii, 1828 or 1829.[2] 1827-1828 Maritime fur trade. Sailed with consort Active, Captain William Cotting. In 1828 Captain Martain wrote the owners that the Northwest trade was "ruined", with furs dwindling in quantity and quality, prices on coast rising while fur prices falling in Canton.[2]
Lucy Joseph Pierpont (formerly of the Sally, c. 1796) United States Dorr On Northwest Coast 1801; at Tattisky (south end Dall Island), May 1801; left for China, June 1801; Canton in November 1801; Boston return May 1802.[2] 1801 Little known; spent apparently made just one maritime fur trade voyage.[2]
Lummi 3 Renfrew, Friendship Horace Tattersol(s) Commercial 47 6′11″ Canadian Edward Pieters/Paula Matthei(s) Constructed by Lummi Bay Packers by George Wrang in 1919/Bellingham, WA/ San Diego, CA 1919 - 1956 Currently in San Diego, CA Constructed for transportation to BC and Alaskan canneries
Lydia (I) Samuel Hill brig 180 tons. United States Theodore Lyman, other Boston merchants. 1804 left Boston for maritime fur trade; 1805 on Northwest Coast; July 1805 Nootka Sound, rescued John Jewitt and John Thompson (survivors of the Boston); cruised to Alaska, then to Columbia River where a letter left with natives by Lewis and Clark was taken and forwarded from Canton to Philadelphia; November 1806 at Canton; May 1807 back in Boston.[2] 1805-1806 Two surviving supercargo logs describe Captain Hill as an unstable tyrant. In 1805 assisted Atahualpa after attack by Heiltsuk or Tsimshian at Milbanke Sound. Some logs and journals by members of Lydia and Atahualpa survive. May be the same brig as Lydia (II).[2]
Lydia (II) Ilmena (renamed by Russians) Thomas Brown; James Bennett; Captain Wadsworth (after Russian purchase) brig 90 tons United States (Boston); Russia James & Thomas Handasyd Perkins April 1809 left Boston for maritime fur trade; 1810-13 on Northwest Coast, trading continuously; Fall 1813 fur cargo transferred to Atahualpa; late 1813 to Hawaii; sold with Atahualpa to Russians for 20,000 sealskins; 1814 left Sitka under Russian command to collect furs in California.[2] 1810-1814 In 1810 rescued/ransomed survivors of Russian St. Nicholas which had wrecked in Makah territory in 1808. May be the same brig as Lydia (I) (tonnage possibly in error), or Lydia (III).[2]
Lydia (III) Captain Lucatt or Lacaat (1813); Henry Gyzelaar (1815) Schooner 90 tons U.S. (Philadelphia). Kingdom of Hawaii Philadelphia China Traders Benjamin C. Wilcocks and James Smith Wilcocks. King Kaumualii after 1816. Early career unclear; 1813 arrived at Macau from NW Coast and Marquesas Islands; 1815 at Canton, leaving with cargo for Sitka; September 1815 at Sitka. In Sitka Captain Gyzelaar joined Captain William Smith of the Albatross for illegal venture to California coast; December 1815 left Sitka for California; January 1816 both Lydia and Albatross seized by Spanish and crews imprisoned but eventually released.[2] 1813, 1816 May be the same vessel as Lydia (II). Involved in Maritime Fur Trade, California Hide Trade, sealing, and poaching. In 1816 sold with Albatross to kings of Hawaii.[8] Albatross went to Kamehameha I in March, 1816; Lydia to Kaumualii in October.[2]


Ship Other names Captain(s) Type Tons Draft Registry (flag) Owner(s) Events/locations Dates in BC Demise Comments
Manchester John Brice Ship 285 tons United States Philadelphia merchants October 1800 sailed from Bristol, Rhode Island for maritime fur trade; 1801-02 on Northwest Coast; 1802 to Canton, then sailed for Philadelphia.[2] 1801-1802 At Nootka Sound, 1801, seven of the crew deserted only to be captured and killed by Nuu-chah-nulth of Chief Maquinna.[2]
Margaret James Magee, David Lamb 161 tons. United States J. & T. Lamb, Thomas Handasyd Perkins, Russell Sturgis, James Magee, other Boston investors.[2] Late 1791 left Boston; April 1792 arrived at Haida Gwaii, quickly collected about 1,200 sea otter pelts and left for China via Hawaii; December 1792 at Canton; 1793 return to Northwest Coast, with tender collected over 3,000 pelts; late 1793 sailed for Hawaii and China, then Boston; 1794 in Boston; sold to new owners, wrecked soon after.[2] 1792-1793 Wrecked near Marblehead, Massachusetts, c. 1795.[2] Built in Boston, 1791. Among the earliest US maritime fur trade ventures. Party left at Nootka Sound over winter of 1792-93, finished building a smaller tender by the time Margaret returned. James Magee brought a large collection of Northwest Coast "curiosities" to Boston, most now in Peabody Museum.[2]
SS Marquis of Bute
SS Marsella
SS Marten William Alexander Mouat
Mary William Bowles (died at sea), J. Gray (1st voyage); E. Prescott (2nd voyage) Ship 209 tons. United States J. Gray (1st voyage); Samuel and Sylvanus Gray (2nd voyage) July 1802 left New England; 1803 on Northwest Coast; March 1803 unsuccessfully tried, with Juno, to rescue survivors of Boston at Nootka Sound; Nov 1803 at Canton; May 1804 back in New England. In 1805 on Northwest Coast, cruising between Sitka and Vancouver Island; December 1805 in Canton; 1806 left for Boston, wrecked en route.[2] 1803, 1805 Wrecked in 1806 on voyage from Canton to Boston. Built in Salem, 1801. Two maritime fur trade voyages.[2]
SS Mary Dare April 11, 1842 Built under the name 'Brisies' [Cooper] [William Alexander Mouat] Brig later converted to Brigantine at Robinson's ship yard Honolulu 148 12 feet British 1)Captain Robert Hatson Dare, 2)Hudson's Bay Company,3) John Pratt & Co May 7, 1842 resurveyed at London renamed 'Mary Dare'. December 16, 1857 "The MARY DARE of Wivenhoe, [Captain] Taylor, from Seaham to London with coals, was in contact off Huntcliffe Fort yesterday morning with the ADONIS, [Captain] Goodwin, from London to Hartlepool, had her foremast carried away and shortly after went down;
USS Massachusetts Lt. Richard W. Meade screw steamer 765 4.6 m (15 ft) US US Navy Puget Sound War 1855-1856 gutted of engines and converted to a bark used as a storeship, and renamed Farallones, in 1863. Sold off in 1867. One crewman was the first US sailor to die in action in the Pacific Northwest
SS Maurelle Douglas Road, Fraser Canyon Gold Rush, Lillooet Lake
McConnell sternwheeler, two 16ʺ x 72ʺ cyl. 729 Canada #107152 Canadian Pacific Ry. (1898-1901);

White Pass & Yukon Route (1901)

Operated between Wrangell, Alaska and points on the Stikine River in 1898. 1898 only Broken up in 1901. Hull sold to Adair Bros. Built in 1898 by the C.P. Ry. at Vancouver, B.C. Not used under W.P.&Y.R. ownership.
SS Meg Merrilies Capt. Pamphlet schooner Took loggers and oxen to log at Port Neville, B.C. Transported coal between Nanaimo, B.C. and Victoria. 1864, 1865 [29]
Mentor John Suter (1st voyage), Lemuel Porter (2nd voyage), George Newell (3rd voyage), Stephen Hersey (end of 3rd voyage) Ship 213 tons. US John Bryant, William Sturgis, John Suter (1st voyage), Lemuel Porter (2nd voyage).[8] 1817-18 on Northwest Coast; 1819 in Canton (via Hawaii); 1819 return to Boston with over 2,000 chests of tea and other Chinese goods. Sept 1819 left Boston; 1820-21 on Northwest Coast mostly around Haida Gwaii, wintered on coast. August 1821 sailed for Hawaii and Canton; May 1822 in Boston. June 1822 left Boston with plan to coordinate with Lascar, Rob Roy, and Ann; 1823 at Hawaii, then on Northwest Coast, then Honolulu. Sept 1823 sailed to California, sold remaining goods to Russians at Bodega Bay; 1823-25 two trips between California and Canton[2] 1820-1825 Built in Salem, 1812, for maritime fur trade. Three voyages to Northwest Coast. Pioneered California Trade for Bryant & Sturgis. In 1825 Captain Newell left to command the Nile; Captain Hersey took Mentor, whose vessel, Ann was sold to Russians in California. In April 1825 stopped at Saint Helena to quell a mutiny onboard.[2]
Mercury see Gustavus III Cox brig Britain LaterGustavus III under Swedish flag.[3]
Mercury (I) William Barnett, Mr. Gardin Brigantine or snow 81 tons, under 60 feet in length. United States John Francis and John Brown of Providence, Rhode Island. 1795 arrived at Nootka Sound, Northwest Coast, via Falkland Islands, Australia, and Hawaii. Many crewmen deserted in Hawaii; Captain Barnett took crew of Native Hawaiians by force. Late 1795 sailed to Canton, returning Hawaiians en route.[2] 1795 Built in Providence, Rhode Island, 1785. Made one maritime fur trade voyage. At some point Captain Barnett was killed and Mr. Gardin, supercargo, took command.[2]
Mercury (II) William Heath Davis (father of William Heath Davis Jr.), George Washington Eayrs (or Ayres) Ship 145 tons. United States Boston merchants In 1806 sailed from Boston to Northwest Coast. Summer 1806 encountered Boston vessels Pearl and Peacock in Hecate Strait. 1806-07 cruised California coast; late 1807 at Canton; 1808 returned to NW Coast via Kodiak Island, cruised to San Francisco via Haida Gwaii and Columbia River. Cruised California waters, 1808-9. June 1809 to 1813 repeatedly sailed between California and Alaska. In Canton, early 1811, Eayrs sold furs of his own and on behalf of Governor Baranov. On 2 June 1813 seized by Spanish near Monterey, California as a privateer.[2] 1806-1813 Made one of the most prolonged voyages of the maritime fur trade. In 1808 transported Kodiak Alutiiq hunters, 25 baidarkas, and RAC overseer Shvetsov from Kodiak to California, along with some natives kidnapped on Vancouver Island or Olympic Peninsula. Eayrs and crew arrested by Spanish in 1813.[2]
SS Mexican
Mexicana Cayetano Valdés y Flores goleta (schooner and brig) 46 foot long (43 foot on the keel), 12-foot (3.7 m) beam, 33 "toneladas" burden, complement of 21 men Spain Spanish Navy Built 1791 in San Blas. Explores Vancouver Island 1792. Sister ship of Sutil
SS Milton Badger
Mono sternwheeler, two 10ʺ x 74ʺ cyl. 278 Canada #107102 Teslin Transportation Co. Operated on the Stikine River in 1898. 1898 Destroyed by fire (arson) near Dawson City, Yukon in 1902. Built in 1898 by Frank P. Armstrong and A. F. Henderson on the Stikine River.
Mount Royal SB Johnson sternwheeler Canada Hudson's Bay Company Built Albion Iron Works (VMD) Victoria 1902-1907 Wrecked in Kitselas Canyon, six lives lost
SS Moyie sternwwheeler Canada Canadian Pacific Railway and in 1957, Kootenay Lake Historical Society after a nearly 60-year career, was the last passenger sternwheeler to operate in Canada launched October 22, 1898. taken out of service April 27, 1957 berthed and restored at Kaslo, now a National historic site World's oldest surviving intact passenger sternwheeler
SS Mumford Collins Overland Telegraph


Ship Other names Captain(s) Type Tons Draft Registry (flag) Owner(s) Events/locations Dates in BC Demise Comments
SS Nanaimo Packet
SS Nancy
MV Nechacco Chilco John Bonser George Ritchie sternwheeler Gross 129 Registered 76 Canada Fort George Lumber and Navigation Company launched May 25, 1909, at Quesnel Tore apart in ice jam at Cottonwood Canyon April 1911 First sternwheeler to navigate the Grand Canyon of the Fraser
Nellie Sail 5 Canada #107638 Thomas H. Worsnop Operated on Atlin Lake. 1898-191_ Registry closed in 1916. Built in 1898 at Seattle, Washington.
SS Nereide Ship, 10 guns, 26 men 253 tons.[11] Britain HBC Launched 1821, purchased by HBC 1833.[11] Sold 1840.[11] HBC ship used for the PNW coast trade.[11]
New Hazard David Nye 281 tons. United States John Derby and consortium of Massachusetts merchants Left Boston 1810; 1811-1812 on Northwest Coast; Sept 1812 to Hawaii and Canton. Returned to New England via Hawaii, 1813, evading British naval forces involved in War of 1812.[2] 1811-1812 Wrecked on Galloper Sands on English coast in 1817. Built 1809 in Newburyport for maritime fur trade. Sister ship of the Packet. Captain Nye known for being vicious, flogging men, slaving, attacking native communities, etc.[2]
Nootka John Meares snow[30] 200 tons, crew of 50[12] Britain Bengal Fur Company (John Henry Cox, Meares and others)[12] 1786, sailed from Calcutta to Alaska. Wintered Prince William Sound, trapped in ice; 23 men die. May 1787, rescued by George Dixon of the Queen Charlotte. October 1787, arrived at Macau.[12] 1786-1787 Sailed without licences from the East India Company and South Sea Company. Consort of the Sea Otter under Captain Tipping; sometimes sailed together.[12]
Norgold 35 H.P. gasoline-screw 6 None Norgold Mines, Ltd. (1934-1935);

Bobjo Mines (1935-1937); White Pass & Yukon Route (1937-1952); A. E. Prince (1952-19__); Canadian Park Service (19__-present)

Operated on Tagish Lake, 1934-1937. Operated on Atlin Lake, 1937-1950. 1934-1950 Hull is hopelessly rotted. Built in 1934 by Boeing Aircraft of Canada, Ltd. at Vancouver, B.C.
Norman Morrison
North West America Robert Funter sloop or schooner About 40-50 tons Britain John Meares and partners First non-indigenous ship built in Pacific Northwest; captured by Spain during Nootka Crisis, renamed Santa Gertrudis la Magna and later Santa Saturnina Launched September 20, 1788


Ship Other names Captain(s) Type Tons Draft Registry (flag) Owner(s) Events/locations Dates in BC Demise Comments
O'Cain Joseph O'Cain (1st voyage), Jonathan Winship Jr. (2nd & 3rd voyages), Robert McNeill (c. 1816) 280 tons United States Winship family of Brighton, Massachusetts 1803 at Kodiak Island, made deal with RAC Governor Baranov, transported 40 Aleuts, 20 baidarkas, and RAC overseer Shvetsov to California. June 1804 in Sitka; Dec 1804 in Canton; Boston in 1805. In 1806 at Sitka, took over 120 Aleuts and 75 baidarkas to California; 1807 at Sitka; 1808 in Canton, then Boston. Late 1809 in Sitka, then Haida Gwaii, then again took Aleuts to California. 1812-1816 several trips between California, Canton, Hawaii, and NW Coast. Late 1816 in Canton; 1817 in Boston. Made at least one more voyage to NW Coast.[2] 1803-1804, 1806-1807, 1809–1816 Sank off Cape Horn, with no survivors, probably in 1822. Captain O'Cain pioneered the practice of bringing native labor from Alaska to California to hunt sea otters (despite Spanish prohibition). Made several maritime fur trade voyages. Stayed in Pacific during War of 1812 to avoid Royal Navy.[2]
Ogilvie sternwheeler, two 16ʺ x 72ʺ cyl. 742 Canada #107148 Canadian Pacific Ry. (1898-1901);

White Pass & Yukon Route (1901)

Operated between Wrangell, Alaska and points on the Stikine River in 1898. 1898 only Broken up in 1901. Hull sold to Adair Bros. Built in 1898 by the C.P. Ry. Not used under W.P.&Y.R. ownership.
Omineca sternwheeler, two 16ʺ x 72ʺ cyl. 583 Canada #126248 Foley, Welch and Stewart (1909-1916);

Alaskan Engineering Commission (from 1916)

Used on the Skeena River for construction of the Grand Trunk Pacific Ry. (1909-1914);

used on the Susitna River and the Cook Inlet to ship supplies for construction of The Alaska Railroad (1916-1917)

1909-1916 between 1923 & 1930 Built in 1909 at Victoria, B.C. by Alexander Watson Jr. Retired at the end of 1917.
MV Operator Con Myers sternwheeler gross 698 registered 439 Canada Foley, Welch and Stewart Launched on Skeena River in 1909, Fraser River in 1912 Retired at Fort George Worked on both GTP and PGE rail construction
Orcasitas see Adventure
Orel see ['Chernui Orel Russia
Orizaba Spain
SS Orpheus U.S. Sinking of SS Pacific wrecked on Cape Beale
Otter William Alexander Mouat United KingdomBritain HBC
Otter (I) Ebenezer Dorr 168 tons United States Dorr family August 1795 left Boston; early 1796 at Sydney, Australia, took Thomas Muir and other escaped political prisoners onboard. In 1796 cruised Northwest Coast. Late 1796 in California. 1797 in Hawaii, then Canton. December 1797 at Portland, Maine. Sold to new owners.[2] 1796 Captured by French and lost in 1798. Built in Amesbury, Massachusetts. Maritime fur trade. In October 1796 Dorr begged Spanish Governor of California for supplies, especially food, which was given. Against Spanish wishes Dorr left ten of his crew and an Australian woman in California.[2]
Owhyhee William Henry McNeill, Eliab (or Eliah) Grimes, John Kelly, John Dominis Brig 166 tons, 96 feet in length.[2] US Josiah Marshall & Dixey Wildes, Boston[8] 1821 in Hawaii; 1822 on Northwest Coast, in December in Hawaii with only 150 furs; 1823 to California; late 1823 left Monterey for NW Coast, trading through winter; July 1824 at Haida Gwaii; 1826 sailed between Hawaii and California. January 1827 in Oahu, then northern NW Coast, Columbia River, Bodega Bay, return to Hawaii, then to Canton. In 1828 returned to Boston. 1829-1830 on NW Coast, then Hawaii and direct to Boston, arriving 1831.[2] 1822-1830 Built in Boston in 1821 for Maritime Fur Trade. Otter trade dwindling, explored diversification; brought cargo of pickled Pacific salmon to Boston. Native oral tradition near Fort Vancouver says the Owhyhee and Convoy brought the fever sickness of the 1829-1830 winter.[2]


Ship Other names Captain(s) Type Tons Draft Registry (flag) Owner(s) Events/locations Dates in BC Demise Comments
SS Pacific U.S. collision with SS Orpheus off Cape Flattery sunk, 300 or more lost, 2 survivors
Packet Daniel C. Bacon 281 tons United States John Derby and consortium of Salem merchants. 1812-1813 on Northwest Coast, often at Haida Gwaii. November 1814 sailed for Hawaii and Canton. January 1816 in Boston.[2] 1812-1814 Built at Newbury in 1810. Sister ship of New Hazard. Made one Maritime fur trade voyage; afterward switched to Indonesian spice trade.[2]
SS Pallas
Panther Isaiah Lewis Brig 429 tons United States Salem merchants 1815 left Boston; 1816 in Hawaii, then Sitka; cruised Northwest Coast until fall 1817, then Canton; 1818 in Boston.[2] 1816-1817
Peacock Oliver Kimball Brig 108 tons United States 1806 arrive in California via Hawaii; constantly pursued by Spanish, four crew arrested; October 1806 at Sitka; contracted with RAC Governor Baranov to transport Aleut hunters to California; 1807 at Bodega Bay; late 1807 return to Sitka, then to Canton.[2] 1806-1807 Badly damaged in severe gale when sailing from China to Boston in 1808. Vessel condemned and sold at Batavia, Dutch East Indies, March 1, 1808.[2] Maritime fur trade
Pearl (I) John Ebbets (1st voyage), John Suter (2nd voyage) 200 tons United States Boston firms: J. & T. Lamb (1st voyage), J. & T.H. Perkins (2nd voyage) April 1805 at Nahwitti, Vancouver Island; cruised NW Coast until August 1806, then to Hawaii, Canton, and Boston. 1807 left Boston; 1808-1809 on NW Coast. December 1809 at Macau and Canton; 1810 returned to Boston.[2] 1805-1806, 1808-1809 Made two maritime fur trade voyages. Second voyage brought 6,000 sea otter pelts to Macau, the largest cargo recorded for any voyage.[2]
Pearl (II) Samuel Chandler, Mr. Stevens brig United States Boston merchants 1822 left Boston for Hawaii, then Sitka. On Northwest Coast about a month before being ordered to leave by Russians. Returned to Hawaii, where Stevens wrote to American Consul John C. Jones, who wrote to Secretary of State John Quincy Adams. In 1823 sailed back to Boston.[2] 1822 Maritime fur trade voyage. Was the only ship ordered off NW Coast due to Russian Ukase of 1821.[2]
Pedler Pedlar George Clark, Samuel Northrup, John Meek Brig 224 tons United States Oliver Keating, Jonathan Amory, Thomas C. Amory, consortium of merchants. Sold to John Jacob Astor in 1814. 1811 sailed to Northwest Coast; 1812-1814 cruised coast between Vancouver Island and Aleutian Islands. Early 1814, in Hawaii, sold to Pacific Fur Company (PFC). Sailed to Fort Astoria, was taking cargo to Sitka, Alaska when PFC collapsed. Took goods from Sitka to California for Fort Ross. Captured by Spanish in California, ordered to leave. Early 1815 in Sitka. July 1816 seized by Russians for illegal trading, released in October. Sailed to Hawaii, Canton, Europe; October 1816 in New York City. 1819 sailed for NW Coast. 1820 in Hawaii, then Sitka; wintered in Hawaii; 1821 cruised NW Coast between Nahwitti and Haida Gwaii. August, left for Hawaii and Canton. 1822 on NW Coast again, then Hawaii and Canton; 1823 in New York.[2] 1812-1815, 1820-1822 Built 1806 in Medford, Massachusetts. Maritime fur trade voyages. Sold in early 1814, in Hawaii, to Wilson Price Hunt for John Jacob Astor's Pacific Fur Company, for use as a supply vessel for Fort Astoria. Hunt sailed with Pedlar 1814-1816. Pedlar seized by Spanish for illegal trading in California; seized by Russians for illegally selling munitions to Alaska Natives.[2]
SS Petrel
Phoenix Hugh Moore barque sea otter trade 1792-1794 Phoenix, although of Bengal,[31] was not an East Indiaman
Polly Thomas Kilby Snow 107 tons United States Abiel Winship and other Boston merchants. 1800 left Boston; 1801 on Northwest Coast, cruising between Dall Island, Haida Gwaii, and Nass River. June 1801 to Hawaii and Canton; back in Boston, May 1802.[2] 1801 Maritime fur trade voyage.[2]
SS Prince Albert
SS Prince George
Prince Lee Boo Captain Sharp, Robert Gordon sloop 56 Britain Priestly Maritime Fur Trader in 1790s Part of the "Butterworth squadron", including Butterworth and Jackall. Served as tender to Butterworth
Prince of Wales James Colnett, James Johnstone 171 tons, complement of 35 men, carried 14 cannons King George's Sound Company and joint company with John Meares and partners Maritime Fur Trade in the Pacific Northwest, late 1780s and early 1790s Launched about 1752 Crew included Archibald Menzies[32]
SS Prince of Wales Fraser Canyon Gold Rush, Douglas Road, Lillooet Lake
SS Prince Rupert 8 feet 6 inches (2.59 m) GTP Coastal passenger service, use as hospital ship 1910-1956 decommissioned marooned on Ripple Rock in 1927 in near-disaster
SS Prince William Henry
Princesa Bodega y Quadra, Esteban José Martínez, Salvador Fidalgo, Jacinto Caamaño, others corvette 189 tons burthen Spain Spanish Navy Dept. of San Blas 1779, sailed to Alaska under Bodega y Quadra. 1788, sailed to Alaska under Martínez. 1792 used to occupy Neah Bay. late 18th and early 19th centuries One of the primary warships of Spain's San Blas Naval Department. Heavily used for exploration of Pacific Northwest and supply of Alta California
Princess Royal Princesa Real Britain, Spain King George's Sound Company, Spanish Navy Dept. of San Blas Lloyd's Register, 1789, lists as a sloop of 60 tons (Old Measure), Class A1, Copper sheathed, single deck with beams, draft 8 ft. when laden, owners Etches & Co.[33]
SS Princess Sophia 2,320 tons Canadian Pacific 1918
HMS Providence 1.William Bligh, 2.William R. Broughton sixth rate frigate 420 tons Britain Royal Navy second breadfruit expedition to Tahiti under Capt.William Bligh 1791-1793;

exploration and survey of East Asia under Ltd. William R. Broughton 1795-1797

1791 - 1797 wrecked 1797 southwest of Okinawa


Ship Other names Captain(s) Type Tons Draft Registry (flag) Owner(s) Events/locations Dates in BC Demise Comments
Queen Charlotte George Dixon 200 tons, crew of 33.[12] Britain King George's Sound Company 1786-87, maritime fur trading in Pacific Northwest with King George under Nathaniel Portlock. Fourth ship to visit Hawaii, May 1786.[5] late 1780s namesake of Queen Charlotte Islands
MV Quesnel City of Quesnel Donald Arthur Foster sternwheeler Gross 130 Registered 177 Canada Telesphore Marion {Quesnel Merchant} Launched in May 1909 at Quesnel Wrecked at Fort George Canyon May 1921 Last sternwheeler on upper Fraser River


Ship Other names Captain(s) Type Tons Draft Registry (flag) Owner(s) Events/locations Dates in BC Demise Comments
SS Recovery
Resolution Mr. Burling Schooner 90 tons US Captain Josiah Roberts of the Jefferson, other Boston investors May 1793 arrived on Northwest Coast; cruised with Jefferson between Columbia River and Clayoquot Sound. March 1794 separated from Jefferson to collect furs. In late 1794 captured by Haida in Haida Gwaii, all crew killed save one.[2] 1794 Captured and destroyed by Cumshewa Haida at Cumshewa Inlet, 1794 Built 1793 in Marquesas Islands as tender for maritime fur trade vessel Jefferson. Crew killed in Haida Gwaii included Solomon Kendrick, son of John Kendrick. The lone survivor was rescued by the Despatch.[2]
Rob Roy Daniel Cross brig 201 tons United States John Bryant and William Sturgis, Lemuel Porter, John Suter. 1821 sailed from Boston to Northwest Coast via Hawaii; 1822 at Haida Gwaii; 1822-24 cruised NW Coast. 1824 in Hawaii, transferred furs to Mentor, then returned to NW Coast for 1825 season. Late 1825 to Hawaii and Canton. Returned to Boston; sold in 1827.[2] 1822-1825 Lost off California coast, 4 November 1830.[2] Built 1821 in Boston for maritime fur trade.[2]
MV Robert C Hammond sternwheeler Gross 250 Registered 158 Canada Fort George Lake and River Transportation Company Launched on May 22, 1913 at Central Fort George Retired 1914
SS Rosalind
Rover George Davidson Schooner United States Dorr family, Boston 1799 left Boston; 1800 on Northwest Coast, collected 2,000 sea otter pelts. 1801 in Hawaii, then lost at sea en route to Canton.[2] 1800 On 9 October 1801, lost at sea while sailing from Hawaii to Canton, China. Maritime fur trade. Built in Georgetown, Massachusetts. Captain Davidson had sailed with Robert Gray on 2nd voyage of Columbia Rediviva.[2]
SS Royal Charlie
SS Ruby
Ruth sternwheeler, two 5ʺ x 20ʺ cyl. 52 Canada #107518 John Irving (1898-1899);

Northern Lakes & Rivers Navigation Co. (1899-1900); Atlin Transportation Co. (1900-1902)

Operated on Tagish Lake, 1898-1899. Operated on Atlin Lake, 1900-1902. 1898-1902 Destroyed by fire on Atlin Lake in 1902. Built in 1898 by James H. Calvert at Bennett, B.C.


Ship Other names Captain(s) Type Tons Draft Registry (flag) Owner(s) Events/locations Dates in BC Demise Comments
St. Roch Henry Larsen Canada RCMP First voyage through Northwest Passage
San Carlos Gonzalo López de Haro, Salvador Fidalgo, Francisco de Eliza, others packet ship and storeship 72 foot long (keel), 22-foot (6.7 m) beam, 15-foot (4.6 m) draft, 16 four-pound cannons Spain Spanish Navy Dept. of San Blas Reached Unalaska in 1788, under Haro. late 18th to early 19th centuries Carried a 28-foot (8.5 m) longboat. Also used in discovery of San Francisco Bay by Juan de Ayala. There were two packet ships named San Carlos operating out of San Blas, but not simultaneously.
Santa Gertrudis la Magna Santa Gertrudis José María Narváez sloop or schooner About 40-50 tons Spain Spanish Navy Dept. of San Blas Was the North West America, captured during Nootka Crisis and renamed Built 1788, captured by Spain in 1789, rebuilt in 1790 as Santa Saturnina
Santa Saturnina La Orcasitas, Horcasitas José María Narváez, Juan Carrasco schooner 32 tonales burden 32 foot 10 inch length, 11-foot-10-inch (3.61 m) beam, 5-foot (1.5 m) draft, 4 three-pound cannons. Carried 8 two-man oars and 20 days supply of food, complement of 22 men. Spain Spanish Navy Dept. of San Blas Built in 1790 from the disassembled Santa Gertrudis 1790-91 36 feet long; beam of 12 feet; "drawing 5 feet of water"; equipped with 8 oars[33]
Santa Saturnina Alonso de Torres "large warship" Spain Spanish Navy Transferred from Peru to San Blas and Pacific Northwest in 1792 Crew in 1792 included naturalist José Moziño, who observed the Nuu-chah-nulth and recommended Spanish abandonment of Nootka Sound
Santiago Juan Pérez, Bruno de Heceta, Bodega y Quadra Spain Spanish Navy Dept. of San Blas 1774, under Pérez, sailed to Pacific Northwest; 1775, under Heceta, found mouth of Columbia River
USS Saranac sloop of war (sail and sidewheel) 1463 depth of hold 26 ft 6 in (8.08 m); draft 17 ft 4 in (max.) United States US Navy first steam vessel to fall prey to Ripple Rock, June 18, 1875
Scotia E. W. Spencer (1899); John McDonald (1911) stern-wheeler, two 7½ʺ x 20ʺ cyl. 214 (100, 1898–1901) Canada #107829 White Pass & Yukon Route (John Irving Nav. Co., 1898 only) Operated on Atlin Lake, 1898-1917. 1898-1967 Demolished by fire, 1967. Built by John Irving Navigation Co.
SS Sea Bird namesake of Sea Bird Island near Agassiz
Sea Otter Harmon[34] James Hanna[12] brig 60 tons, crew of 30[12] Britain John Henry Cox and "friends connected with the East India Company[12] Conducted the first purely commercial Maritime Fur Trade voyage between the Pacific Northwest and China; first British ship to visit the Northwest Coast since Captain Cook.[12] 1785 Hanna's two voyages were on different ships but both were named Sea Otter.[12]
Sea Otter (II) James Hanna[12] snow[34] 120 tons,[12] or 100 tons.[34] Britain Under Hanna, sailed from Macau to Nootka Sound and explored Queen Charlotte Sound and Clayoquot Sound; returned to China in early 1787.[12] 1786-1787 Hanna's two voyages were on different ships but both were named Sea Otter.[12]
Sea Otter (III) William Tipping snow[34] 100 tons[12] Britain Bengal Fur Company (John Henry Cox, Meares and others)[12] Sailed from Calcutta, March 1786, surveyed coast of Japan, then went to Northwest Coast.[12] 1786 Foundered during a storm in the Gulf of Alaska, 1786.[12] Consort of Nootka under Meares; sometimes sailed together.[12] Not the same vessel as either Sea Otter previously under Hanna.[35]
Sea Otter (IV) Fairy Stephen Hills (or Hill), William Bowles Snow or brig United Kingdom, United States British owners, sold to Boston merchants James Magee, James Lamb, Russell Sturgis, Stephen Hills.[2] 1792 in Canton, chartered by Captains Ingraham, Rogers, and Collidge to carry furs to Boston. 1794 in Canton, possibly after cruising Northwest Coast for British owners. 1795, sold to Boston owners, renamed Sea Otter, sailed to Boston. 1796-97 on Northwest Coast. Late 1796 in Canton; arrived in Boston July 1798.[2] 1794? 1796-1797 Was British Fairy of Calcutta. Made several maritime fur trade voyages. In 1796 Captain Hills, Mr. Elliot (supercargo), and two sailors killed by Haida at Cumshewa. Officer James Rowan was later master of Eliza and captured the killers and arranged their execution. In Canton, 1797, sold furs for over $47,000; to Boston with various Chinese goods including 50,000 pounds of tea, 7,000 nankeen pieces, 100 sets of China ceramics, 300 tea sets, etc. Made a profit of ten times the original investment.[2]
SS Sierra Nevada
SS Sir James Douglas
Skeena Magar 1909-1911 Charles Seymour 1914-1925 sternwheeler Canada Grand Trunk Pacific Railway 1908-1914 Charles Seymour 1914-1925 Last sternwheeler on lower Fraser River Launched in 1909, sold and converted to barge in 1925 Delivered meat for Pat Burns
MV Skuzzy Ausbury Insley and SR Smith sternwheeler Canada Took 16 days to navigate 16 miles (26 km) of Fraser River from Hells Gate Canyon to Boston Bar Launched on May 4, 1882, at Spuzzum First sternwheeler to arrive in Lytton
Sonora Juan Francisco de la Bodega y Quadra, Juan Manuel de Ayala (briefly) schooner 37 feet (11 m) in length. Spain Spanish Navy Dept. of San Blas 1775, sailed to Alaska 1775 Crew complement of 16.
SS Sophia U.S. Inside Passage & passenger disaster during Klondike Gold Rush sunk in Lynn Canal
Sultan Caleb Reynolds (1st voyage), George Clark (2nd voyage), Captain Allen (3rd voyage) Ship 274 tons U.S. Boardman & Pope, Boston 1815 left Boston; 1816 arrived at Sitka, cruised Northwest Coast; 1817 to Hawaii, Marquesas, Sitka and California; 1818 to Chile and Marquesas; 1819 at Canton, then Boston. 1821 left Boston; 1822-23 on NW Coast. Late 1823 at Hawaii, then California and Mexico; 1824 at Hawaii then Canton; 1825 return to Boston. A third voyage visited Hawaii and possibly NW Coast.[2] 1816-1817, 1822-1823, maybe 1826 Built 1815 at Charlestown, Boston. Made 2 or 3 maritime fur trade voyages to NW Coast.[2]
SS Surprise (I)
SS Surprise (II)
SS Susan Sturges
Sutil Dionisio Alcalá Galiano goleta (brig) 46 foot long (43 foot on the keel), 12-foot (3.7 m) beam, 33 "toneladas" burden, complement of 20 men Spain Spanish Navy Dept. of San Blas Built 1791 in San Blas Sister ship of Mexicana
SS Sutil
SS Swiss Boy


Ship Other names Captain(s) Type Tons Draft Registry (flag) Owner(s) Events/locations Dates in BC Demise Comments
Tagish Alcohol vapor screw None North-West Mounted Police (1899-1904);

Royal Canadian Mounted Police (1904-1910); British Columbia Government (1908-19__)

Operated on Atlin Lake. 1899-19__ After 1908. Built in 1899 by Marine Vapor Engine Co. at Jersey City, New Jersey.
Tamaahmaah Captain John Ebbets, John Meek (master) Brig 210 tons United States, Kingdom of Hawaii John Jacob Astor, W. Roberts, and Captain John Ebbets. 1824 sailed from New York to Honolulu. Late 1824 to Sitka; 1825 cruised south from Sitka to San Francisco; 1826 in Hawaii. February 1828 sold to King Kamehameha III. 1824-1825 Built in New York City, 1824. Named after Kamehameha II or Kamehameha III. Made one maritime fur trade voyage.[2]
Tarahne Charles Coghlan (1919) 180 H.P. gasoline-screw (80 H.P. 1917-1928) 286 (177, 1917–1928) Canada #138539 White Pass & Yukon Route Operated on Atlin Lake, 1917-1936. 1917–present On display at Atlin, B.C. Built by Cousins Bros.
MV Taseco
SS Templar
Tepic Spain
Thaddeus Andrew Blanchard Brig 241 tons United States, Boston 1819 left Boston; 1820 arrived in Hawaii with missionaries, then to Sitka; 1820 cruised Northwest Coast south from Sitka. Late 1820 returned to Hawaii and sold. 1820 Made one maritime fur trade voyage. Brought the first missionaries to the Kingdom of Hawaii in 1820.[2]
SS Thames City Brought the second detachment of Royal Engineers to British Columbia in spring, 1959
Three Brothers Alder[3] 1792-93 Consort of Prince William Henry[3]
MV T'lagunna Canada BC DoH
Tonquin Edmund Fanning, Jonathan Thorn Barque 269 or 290 tons U.S. John Jacob Astor (American Fur Company) September 1810 left New York for Hawaii. March 1811 at mouth of Columbia River. Began construction of Fort Astoria. June 1811 sailed north to Clayoquot Sound; captured by Nuu-chah-nulth of Chief Wickaninnish; one survivor detonated the ship's powder magazine.[2] 1811 Blown up/scuttled in Clayoquot Sound Built 1807 in New York City.[2]
SS Tory
SS Tynemouth


Ship Other names Captain(s) Type Tons Draft Registry (flag) Owner(s) Events/locations Dates in BC Demise Comments
Ulysses David Lamb 163 tons United States David Lamb and other Boston investors 1798 left Boston; 1799 on Northwest Coast. In 1799 officers mutinied against Captain Lamb. At Kaigani agreement was made: Lamb resume control and officers exchanged with ships Eliza and Despatch. William F. Sturgis became first mate of Ulysses. Late 1799 at Canton, then sailed for Boston. Damaged in storm near Saint Helena. 1799 Condemned in April 1800 at Saint Helena after being dismasted in a storm.[2] Built in Amesbury, Massachusetts, 1794. Made one maritime fur trade voyage.[2]
SS Umatilla paddle steamer Fraser & Cariboo Gold Rushes
SS Una
Union John Boit sloop 94 tons, 65 feet long.[2] United States Crowell Hatch and two other Boston investors 1794 left Newport, Rhode Island. 1795 cruised Northwest Coast between Haida Gwaii and Tillamook Bay. Late 1795 sailed to Hawaii and Canton; 1796 returned to Boston and sold.[2] In 1795 attacked by Haida at Ninstints. Chief Koyah killed. 1795 Built at Somerset, Massachusetts.[2] Boit's log published as Log of the Union: John Boit's Remarkable Voyage to the Northwest Coast and Around the World.[36]


Ship Other names Captain(s) Type Tons Draft Registry (flag) Owner(s) Events/locations Dates in BC Demise Comments
Vancouver Andrew Cook Mott Barque, 6 guns, 24 men 324 Britain HBC Launched 1838.[11] First to sail directly London-Victoria, 1845 Lost 1848.[11] HBC ship used for the PNW coast trade.[11]
Vancouver Thomas Brown (1st and 2nd voyages), Isaac Whittemore (3rd voyage) 235 tons US Theodore Lyman and associates (1st and 2nd voyages), J. & T. Lamb, James & Thomas H. Perkins, and Russell Sturgis (3rd voyage) 1802-1803 cruised Northwest Coast; late 1803 in Canton; June 1804 in Boston. August 1804 left Boston; 1805-1806 on Northwest Coast. Assisted Atahualpa after an attack. Late 1806 in Canton; May 1807 in Boston. 1808-1809 on Northwest Coast, then Canton; 1810 returned to Boston and sold.[2] 1802-1803, 1805-1806 Built 1801 at Kennebunk, Maine. Made three maritime fur trade voyages.[2]
SS Vancouver (II)
Venus William Hervey, Henry Shepherd or Shepard brigantine[19] 110 tons, crew of 22 men, "mostly negros of Julu", i.e., Sulu.[19] Britain At Nootka Sound during Vancouver-Bodega negotiations 1792 Sailed with Barkley's Halcyon. Crew of 22, "mostly black"[37] Trading out of Bengal.[19]
Victoria Charles Brewer Schooner US William French, Honolulu.[8] Maritime Fur Trade 1832
MV Victoria JW Doane and Thomas Wright sternwheeler Canada G.B. Wright Built at Quesnel in 1868 Berthed at Alexandria 1886
SS Vigilant
Volunteer James Bennett, Seth Barker, Charles Taylor 226 tons United States George W. Lyman and firm of Boardman and Pope. Later Bryant & Sturgis. 1817 left Boston; 1818 at Hawaii, then Nahwitti, Vancouver Island. 1818-1820 cruised Northwest Coast, mainly between Vancouver Island and Haida Gwaii. In 1819, with Brutus, rescued crew of wrecked Borneo. Late 1820 to Hawaii and Canton; 1821 in Boston. 1824-1829 on NW Coast with visits to Hawaii.[2] 1818-1820, 1824-1829 Built 1815 at Stonington, Connecticut. Made several maritime fur trade voyages. Experienced two mutinies in 1818. Cooperated with Brutus, entered fur-sharing agreements with Hamilton, Ann, Mentor, and Thaddeus.[2]


Ship Other names Captain(s) Type Tons Draft Registry (flag) Owner(s) Events/locations Dates in BC Demise Comments
Washington Captain Stevens Schooner 122 tons United States Josiah Marshall, Boston 1824 sailed from Hawaii to California, cooperating with Owhyhee, and might have visited Northwest Coast. 1827 in New York City. 1828 in Hawaii, then Sitka, Alaska and south to California.[2] 1824? 1828 Built in Plymouth, Massachusetts.[2]
SS William and Ann 161 tons[11] Britain HBC Launched 1818, purchased by HBC 1824 1824-1829 Lost 1829 HBC ship used for the PNW coast trade
SS Woodpecker


Ship Other names Captain(s) Type Tons Draft Registry (flag) Owner(s) Events/locations Dates in BC Demise Comments
Yascathchnoi Yasashna Russia

See also


  1. Tovell, Freeman M. (2008). At the Far Reaches of Empire: The Life of Juan Francisco De La Bodega Y Quadra. University of British Columbia Press. pp. 182, 297. ISBN 978-0-7748-1367-9.
  2. Malloy, Mary (1998). "Boston Men" on the Northwest Coast: The American Maritime Fur Trade 1788-1844. Limestone Press. ISBN 978-1-895901-18-4. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  3. Ships on the Northwest Coast Archived 2010-05-25 at the Wayback Machine, John Robson
  4. At the Far Reaches of Empire, p. 144
  5. Ships to Hawaii before 1880,
  6. Otter Skins, Boston Ships, and China Goods, pp. 181, 299-310
  7. Gibson, James R. (1992). Otter Skins, Boston Ships, and China Goods: The Maritime Fur Trade of the Northwest Coast, 1785-1841. McGill-Queen's University Press. p. 168. ISBN 0-7735-2028-7.
  8. Ogden, Adele (1975). The California Sea Otter Trade, 1784-1848. University of California Press. pp. 166–176. ISBN 978-0-520-02806-7.
  9. At the Far Reaches of Empire, p. 237
  10. Quotes from At the Far Reaches of Empire, p. 237
  11. Otter Skins, Boston Ships, and China Goods, p. 312
  12. Pethick, Derek (1976). First Approaches to the Northwest Coast. Vancouver: J.J. Douglas. pp. 77–100. ISBN 0-88894-056-4.
  13. Columbia Rediviva, Discovering Lewis and Clark
  14. At the Far Reaches of Empire, p. 304
  15. BCGNIS Geographical Name Details
  16. Otter Skins, Boston Ships, and China Goods, p. 227
  17. Pethick, Derek (1980). The Nootka connection: Europe and the Northwest coast, 1790-1795. Douglas & McIntyre. pp. 76–77. ISBN 978-0-88894-279-1. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
  18. At the Far Reaches of Empire, pp. 206-207
  19. A Discovery Journal: George Vancouver's First Survey Season, pp. 215, 230
  20. "Crowell Point". BC Geographical Names.
  21. "Crowell Rock". BC Geographical Names.
  22. "Hancock Point". BC Geographical Names.
  23. Ingraham, Joseph (1971). Mark D. Kaplanoff (ed.). Journal of the brigantine Hope on a voyage to the northwest coast of North America, 1790-92. Imprint Society.
  24. BARKLEY, Frances, ABCBookWorld
  25. Imperial Eagle Oahu Archived 2010-09-14 at the Wayback Machine, Massey Marine Art
  26. Johnson, Ebenezer (1798). A short account of a northwest voyage, performed in the years 1796, 1797 & 1798. Massachusetts: Ebenezer Johnson.
  27. Johnson, Ebenezer (1974). M S Batts (ed.). A short account of a Northwest voyage performed in the years 1796, 1797, & 1798. Vancouver: Alcuin Society. ISBN 0919026052. OCLC 3495180.
  28. see Artifacts could finally prove hanging for murder unjust, Denise Titian, Ha-Shilth-Sa newspaper, Jan 10, 2010 Archived 2014-11-04 at the Wayback Machine
  29. British Colonist May 25, 1864 p3; June 20, 1864 p.3; October 10, 1865 p3.
  30. Lewis & Dryden's marine history of the Pacific Northwest, by E.W. Wright
  31. Lewis and Clark expedition (1990). Volume 6 of Journals of the Lewis & Clark expedition (November 2, 1805 - March 22, 1806). University of Nebraska Press. p. 160. ISBN 978-0-8032-2893-1. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
  32. Colnett, James (2004). A Voyage to the North West Side of America: The Journals of James Colnett, 1786-89. UBC Press. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-7748-4001-9. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
  33. Crosse, John (Winter 1991–1992). "The Spanish Discovery of the Gulf of Georgia" (PDF). British Columbia Historical News, Journal of the B.C. Historical Federation. 25 (1): 30–32. ISSN 0045-2963. Retrieved 24 January 2010.
  34. Strange, James, ABC BookWorld
  35. A Discovery Journal: George Vancouver's First Survey Season, by John E. Roberts
  36. Boit, John (1981). Log of the Union: John Boit's Remarkable Voyage to the Northwest Coast and Around the World, 1794-1796. Oregon Historical Society. ISBN 978-0-87595-089-1.
  37. The Nootka Connection, p. 128
  • British Columbia Chronicle: Adventurers by Sea and Land, Helen B. Akrigg and G.P.V. Akrigg, Discovery Press, Vancouver, 1975. ISBN
  • British Columbia Chronicle: Gold and Colonists, Helen B. Akrigg and G.P.V. Akrigg, Discovery Press, Vancouver, 1977. ISBN
  • The Nootka Connection, Derek Pethick, Douglas & McIntyre, Vancouver, 1980. ISBN
  • British Columbia Archives
  • Walbran, Captain John T. (1971), British Columbia Place Names, Their Origin and History (Facsimile reprint of 1909 ed.), Vancouver/Toronto: Douglas & McIntyre, ISBN 0-88894-143-9, archived from the original on 2016-03-03, retrieved 2008-07-13
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