List of historical secret police organizations

This is a list of historical secret police organizations. In most cases they are no longer current because the regime that ran them was overthrown or changed, or they changed their names. Few still exist under the same name as legitimate police forces.

Agencies by country

Afghanistan

Albania

Algeria

Angola

Argentina

  • Sección Especial de Represión al Comunismo (SERC) (Special Section for the Repression of Communism)
  • División de Información Política Antidemocrática (DIPA) (Political Anti-democratic Information Division)

Bolivia

  • Servicio Especial de Seguridad (SES) (Special Security Service)

Brazil

Bulgaria

Cambodia

Cameroon

  • Centre National d'Étude et de Recherche (National Centre for Study and Research)

Central African Republic

Chad

  • Direction de la Documentation et de la Sécurité (DDS) (Directorate of Documentation and Security)

Chile

China

Colombia

Congo, People's Republic of

  • General Directorate for State Security (French: Direction Générale de la Sécurité de l'État)[1]

Croatia, Independent State of

  • Ravnateljstvo za javni red i sigurnost (RAVSIGUR) (Directorate for Public Order and Security) / Glavno ravnateljstvo za javni red i sigurnost (GRAVSIGUR) (General Directorate for Public Order and Security)
  • Ustaška nadzorna služba (UNS) (Ustaše Surveillance Service)

Cuba

Czechoslovakia

Dominican Republic

Egypt

Finland

Germany

Greece

Guatemala

  • Policía Judicial (Judicial Police)
  • Policía Militar Ambulate (PMA) (Mobile Military Police)
  • Guardia de Hacienda (Palace Guard)
  • Centro de Servicios Especiales de la Presidencia (Centre for Special Presidential Services)

Haiti

Honduras

  • Departamento Nacional de Investigaciones (DNI) (National Investigation Department)

Hungary

Indonesia

  • Komando Pemulihan Keamanan dan Ketertiban (Kopkamtib) (Security and Order Restoration Command), active during the regime of Suharto

Iran

Iraq

Ireland

Italy

Japan

South Korea

Mexico

  • Dirección Federal de Seguridad (DFS) (Federal Security Directorate)
  • División de Investigaciones para la Prevención de la Delincuencia (DIPD) (Investigation Division for the Prevention of Delinquency)

Mongolia

Mozambique

  • National Service of Popular Security (SNASP)[3]

Nicaragua

  • Dirección General de Seguridad del Estado (DGSE) (Directorate-General of State Security)
  • Ministerio de Seguridad Interior (MSI) (Ministry of Internal Security)

Nigeria

Ottoman Empire

Paraguay

  • Pyraguës (Between 1814 and 1840, nicknamed Hairy Feet by civilians)
  • División Técnica de Represión del Comunismo (Technical Division for the Repression of Communism), active during the El Stronato period, the single-party military dictatorship of Alfredo Stroessner
  • Departamento de Investigaciones de la Policía (DIPC) (Police Investigations Department), active during the El Stronato period, the single-party military dictatorship of Alfredo Stroessner

Peru

Philippines

Poland

Portugal

Republic of China (Taiwan)

Roman Empire

Romania

Russian Monarchy

Rwanda

  • Service Central de Renseignements (SCR) (Central Information Service)

El Salvador

Singapore

  • Special Branch

Somalia

South Africa

Soviet Union

Spain

Uganda

United States of America

Uruguay

  • Organismo Coordinador de Actividades Anti-Subversivas (Anti-Subversive Activities Co-ordination Organization)

Venezuela

Yugoslavia

Zaire

  • Centre Nationale de Documentation (CND) (National Documentation Center) - 1969-early 1980s
  • Agence Nationale de Documentation (AND) (National Documentation Agency) - Early 1980s-August 1990
  • Service National d'Intelligence et de Protection (SNIP) (National Service for Intelligence and Protection) - August 1990 - May 1997[5]

See also

Notes

  1. John F. Clark and Samuel Decalo, Historical Dictionary of Republic of the Congo, Fourth Edition (2012), page 134.
  2. Abbott, Elizabeth (1988). Haiti: An insider's history of the rise and fall of the Duvaliers. Simon & Schuster. p. 116 ISBN 0-671-68620-8
  3. "Mozambique: Six Months After Independence" Archived 2007-12-17 at the Wayback Machine AliciaPatterson.org. Accessed on May 29, 2008.
  4. http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?frd/cstdy:@field(DOCID+so0125)
  5. http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?frd/cstdy:@field(DOCID+zr0206)
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