List of high-speed trains

The following is a list of high-speed trains, limited to conventional wheeled trains, that have been, are, or will be in commercial service.

A high-speed train is generally defined as one which operates at speeds of over or at 125 mph (200 km/h), with a high level of service, and generally comprising multi-powered elements. The names of each high-speed rail service often able to reach 200 km/h, such as French Corail, European IC trains or Amtrak's Northeast Regional, unconventional trains, such as maglev and Transrapid, and prototypes are excluded.

In these tables, two maximum speeds are given: the column "Operated" refers to the maximum speed reached by the train in commercial operations, while the column "Design" refers to the theoretical maximum speed in commercial operations as announced by the manufacturer. In some cases, a third "Record" speed is also listed.

High-speed trains currently or soon in service

Name Operators Family Manufacturer Power supply Maximum speed (km/h) In
Service
Picture
Operated Designed Record
Acela Express Amtrak TGV derived Alstom
Bombardier
25 kV 60 Hz AC,
12 kV 60 Hz AC,
12 kV 25 Hz AC
240 320 280 2000 - 2022
AGV 575 NTV AGV Alstom 25 kV AC
3 kV DC
300 360 2012
Avelia Liberty Amtrak TGV & New Pendolino derived Alstom 25 kV 60 Hz AC,
12 kV 60 Hz AC,
12 kV 25 Hz AC
350[1] 2021
Avelia Horizon SNCF TGV & New Pendolino derived Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC

1.5 kV DC

350[2] 2023
Afrosiyob Uzbekistan Railways Talgo 250 Talgo 25 kV AC 250 250 255 2011
Alfa Pendular CP Pendolino Fiat Ferroviaria
Siemens
Sorefame
25 kV AC 220[3] 220 236.6 1999[3]
Alvia Class 120, 121
(variable gauge)
RENFE CAF
Alstom
25 kV 50 Hz AC
3 kV DC
250 250 2004
Alvia Class 130, 730
(variable gauge)
Talgo 250 Talgo
Bombardier
25 kV 50 Hz AC
3 kV DC
Diesel [N 1]
250 250 2007
Avant Class 104 Pendolino Alstom
CAF
25 kV 50 Hz AC 250 250 2003
Avant Class 114 New Pendolino Alstom
CAF
25 kV 50 Hz AC 250 250 2009
AVE Class 100 TGV Alstom
CAF
25 kV 50 Hz AC
3 kV DC
300 300 357 1992
AVE Class 102, 112 Talgo 350 Talgo
Bombardier
25 kV 50 Hz AC 300 350 365 2005
AVE Class 103 Velaro Siemens 25 kV 50 Hz AC 310 350 403.7[4] 2006
AVE Class 105 Oaris CAF 25 kV 50 Hz AC
15 kV 16.7 Hz AC
3 kV DC
1.5 kV DC
350 2018[5]
BR Class 43
(InterCity 125)
Abellio ScotRail
CrossCountry
East Midlands Railway
Hull Trains
Network Rail
London North Eastern Railway
HST British Rail Engineering Limited Diesel 200 200 238 1976
BR Class 91
(InterCity 225)
London North Eastern Railway APT British Rail Engineering Limited
Alstom
25 kV 50 Hz AC 200 225 262 1988
BR Class 180 Grand Central
Hull Trains
Coradia Alstom Diesel 200 200 2002
BR Class 220 CrossCountry Voyager Bombardier Diesel 200 200 2001
BR Class 221 CrossCountry
Avanti West Coast
Bombardier Diesel 200 200 2002
BR Class 222 East Midlands Railway Bombardier Diesel 200 200 2004
BR Class 390 Avanti West Coast Pendolino Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC 200 225 248 2002
BR Class 395 Southeastern A-train Hitachi 25 kV 50 Hz AC

750 V DC (3rd rail)

225 225 252[6] 2009
BR Class 397 TransPennine Express Civity UK CAF 25 kV 50 Hz AC 200 200 2019
BR Class 800 Great Western Railway
London North Eastern Railway
A-train Hitachi 25 kV 50 Hz AC
Diesel
200 225 2017
BR Class 801 London North Eastern Railway Hitachi 25 kV 50 Hz AC 200 225 2019
BR Class 802 Great Western Railway
Hull Trains
TransPennine Express
Hitachi 25 kV 50 Hz AC
Diesel
200 225 2018
BR Class 804 East Midlands Railway Hitachi 25 kV 50 Hz AC
Diesel
200 225 2022
CR300AF China Railway CRRC Sifang
BST
25 kV 50 Hz AC 250 300 2019
CR300BF China Railway CRRC Changchun 25 kV 50 Hz AC 250 300 2019
CR400AF China Railway CRRC Sifang
BST
25 kV 50 Hz AC 350[7] 400 420 2017
CR400BF China Railway CRRC Tangshan
CRRC Changchun
25 kV 50 Hz AC 350[8] 400 420 2017
CRH1A & CRH1B China Railway Regina Bombardier
CSR Sifang
25 kV 50 Hz AC 250 250 278 2007
CRH1E China Railway Zefiro Bombardier
CSR Sifang
25 kV 50 Hz AC 250 250 2009
CRH1A-A
CRH1E-250
China Railway Zefiro CSR Sifang 25 kV 50 Hz AC 250 250 2016
CRH2A
CRH2B
CRH2E
China Railway Shinkansen Kawasaki
CSR Sifang
25 kV 50 Hz AC 250 250 2007
CRH2E (New Batch, sleeper) China Railway CSR Sifang 25 kV 50 Hz AC 250 250 2017
CRH2C China Railway CSR Sifang 25 kV 50 Hz AC 300 350 350 2008
CRH3A China Railway CNR Tangshan
CNR Changchun
25 kV 50 Hz AC 250 250 2017
CRH3C China Railway Velaro Siemens
CNR Tangshan
CNR Changchun
25 kV 50 Hz AC 300 350 394.2 2008
CRH3X China Railway Velaro CRRC Tangshan 25 kV 50 Hz AC 160;250;350 350 2019
CRH5A China Railway New Pendolino Alstom
CNR Changchun
25 kV 50 Hz AC 250 250 2007
CRH5G China Railway CNR Changchun 25 kV 50 Hz AC 250 250 2017
CRH6A China Railway CSR Sifang 25 kV 50 Hz AC 200 220 2014
CRH380A & AL China Railway CSR Sifang
25 kV 50 Hz AC 300 380 486.1 2010
CRH380B, BL & CL China Railway Velaro Siemens
CNR Tangshan
CNR Changchun
25 kV 50 Hz AC 300 380 487.3 2011
CRH380D & DL China Railway Zefiro Bombardier
CSR Sifang
25 kV 50 Hz AC 300 380 483 2012
EC250 SBB Stadler Rail 25 kV 50 Hz AC

15 kV 16⅔Hz AC 3 kV DC

250 2019
ED250 PKP Intercity New Pendolino Alstom 3 kV DC 200 250 293[9] 2014
ETR 460 Trenitalia Pendolino Fiat Ferroviaria 3 kV DC 250 250 1994
ETR 470 Trenitalia Fiat Ferroviaria 15 kV 16⅔Hz AC

3 kV DC

200 200 1997
ETR 480 / ETR 485 Trenitalia Fiat Ferroviaria 3 kV DC, 25 kV 50 Hz AC 250 250 1997
ETR 500 (2nd gen) Trenitalia Alstom
Bombardier
AnsaldoBreda
25 kV 50 Hz AC

3 kV DC

1.5 kV DC (500F)

300 300 362[10] 2000
ETR 600 Trenitalia New Pendolino Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC
3 kV DC
250 250 2008
ETR 610 Trenitalia Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC
15 kV 16⅔Hz AC

3 kV DC

250 250 2008
ETR 675 NTV Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC
3 kV DC
250 250 2017
ETR 1000 Trenitalia Zefiro Bombardier
AnsaldoBreda
25 kV 50 Hz
3 kV DC
1.5 kV DC
15 kV 16⅔Hz AC
300 360 393.8[11] 2015
Eurostar e300 (initially had known as Class 373 or TGV TSMT) Eurostar TGV Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC
3 kV DC
1.5 kV DC
750 V DC (3rd rail)
300 300 334.7 1993
Eurostar e320 Eurostar Velaro Generation D Siemens 25 kV 50 Hz AC

15 kV 16.7 Hz AC
3 kV DC
1.5 kV DC

300 320 352 2015
HHP-8 MARC TGV derived Alstom-Bombardier Transportation 12 kV 25 Hz AC

12.5 kV 60 Hz AC 25 kV 60 Hz AC

200 217 1998
Talgo 350 SRO SRO Talgo 350 Talgo
Bombardier
25 kV 50 Hz AC 300 350 2018[12]
Intercity New Generation NS Coradia Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC

1.5 kV DC

200[13] 200[13] 2020[13]
IC4 DSB AnsaldoBreda Diesel 180 200 2007
ICE 1 DB ICE Siemens,
ABB, AEG,
Krauss-Maffei, Krupp,
Thyssen-Henschel
15 kV 16.7 Hz AC 280 280 310 1991
ICE 2 DB Siemens
Adtranz
15 kV 16.7 Hz AC 280 280 316 1996
ICE 3 Class 403, 406 DB
NS
Velaro Siemens
Bombardier
15 kV 16.7 Hz AC
1.5 kV DC [N 2]
3 kV DC [N 2]
25 kV 50 Hz AC [N 3]
320 330 368 2000
ICE 3 Class 407 DB Velaro Generation D Siemens 25 kV 50 Hz AC

15 kV 16.7 Hz AC
3 kV DC

320 320 2013
ICE T DB
ÖBB
Pendolino Siemens
Düwag
Fiat Ferroviaria
15 kV  16.7 Hz AC 230 230 255 2005
ICE 4 DB ICE Siemens
Bombardier
15 kV 16.7 Hz AC 250 250 2017
KTX-I Korail TGV Alstom
Hyundai Rotem
25 kV 60 Hz AC 305 330 2004
KTX-Sancheon Korail HSR-350X-derived Hyundai Rotem 25 kV 60 Hz AC 305 330 2010
SRT SR HSR-350X-derived Hyundai Rotem 25 kV 60 Hz AC 305 330 2016
GMB Class 71 Flytoget X 2000-derived (partly) Adtranz
Strømmens
15 kV  16.7 Hz AC 210 210 1998
NSB Class 73 NSB Adtranz
Strømmens
15 kV  16.7 Hz AC 210 210 1999
NSB Class 74/75 NSB FLIRT Stadler Rail 15 kV  16.7 Hz AC 200[14] 200 2012
Flytoget Class 78 Flytoget Oaris CAF 15 kV 16.7 Hz AC 210 250 2018[15]
RABDe 500 SBB ICN Alstom
Bombardier
15 kV 16.7 Hz AC 200 200 2000
RABe 502 SBB TWINDEXX Bombardier 15 kV 16.7 Hz AC 200[16] 200 2018
RABe 503 SBB New Pendolino Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC

15 kV 16⅔Hz AC

3 kV DC

250 250 2008
Railjet ÖBB
ČD
Taurus Siemens 25 kV 50 Hz AC

15 kV 16.7 Hz AC

230 230 275[17] 2008
Regio 2N (Z 56500) SNCF OMNEO Bombardier 25 kV 50 Hz AC
1.5 kV DC
200 200 2017
SAR Push-Pull Train SAR CAF Diesel 200 200 2017
500 Series Shinkansen JR West Shinkansen Hitachi
Kawasaki
Kinki Sharyo
Nippon Sharyo
25 kV 60 Hz AC 300 320 1997
700 Series Shinkansen JR Central
JR West
Hitachi
Kawasaki
Kinki Sharyo
Nippon Sharyo
25 kV 60 Hz AC 285 285 1999
N700 Series Shinkansen/ N700A Series Shinkansen JR Central
JR Kyushu
JR West
Hitachi
Kawasaki
Kinki Sharyo
Nippon Sharyo
25 kV 60 Hz AC 300 300 332[18] 2007
800 Series Shinkansen JR Kyushu Hitachi 25 kV 60 Hz AC 260 285 2004
E2 Series Shinkansen JR East Hitachi
Kawasaki
Nippon Sharyo
Tokyu Car
25 kV 50/60 Hz AC 275 275 362 1997
E3 Series Shinkansen JR East Kawasaki
Tokyu Car
20/25 kV 50 Hz AC 275[19] 275 1997
E4 Series Shinkansen JR East Hitachi
Kawasaki
25 kV 50 Hz AC 240 240 1997
E5 Series Shinkansen JR East Hitachi
Kawasaki
25 kV 50 Hz AC 320[19] 320 2011
H5 Series Shinkansen JR Hokkaido Hitachi
Kawasaki
25 kV 50 Hz AC 320 320 2016
E6 Series Shinkansen JR East Hitachi
Kawasaki
20/25 kV 50 Hz AC 320[20] 320 2013
E7 Series Shinkansen JR East Hitachi
Kawasaki
J-TREC
25 kV 50/60 Hz AC 260[21] 275[21] 2014
W7 Series Shinkansen JR West Hitachi
Kawasaki
Kinki Sharyo
25 kV 50/60 Hz AC 260[21] 275[21] 2015
SCB-40 Virgin Trains USA Charger Siemens Diesel 127 201 201 2018
Sm3 VR Group Pendolino FIAT Ferroviaria
Rautaruukki
Transtech
25 kV 50 Hz 220 220 242 1995
Sm6 Karelian Trains Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC
3 kV DC
220 220 2010
TCDD HT65000 TCDD Alvia Class 120/121 derived CAF 25 kV 50 Hz AC 250 250 2009
E5 Series Shinkansen Indian State Railways Shinkansen Hitachi
Kawasaki
25 kV 50 Hz AC 320[19] 360 2021
Train 20 Indian State Railways Train 18/ Train 19/ Train 20 Integral Coach Factory 25 kV 50 Hz AC 200 200 2020
N700I Series Shinkansen Texas Central Railway Shinkansen Hitachi
Kawasaki
Kinki Sharyo
25 kV 50 Hz AC 330 330 2024-2025
TCDD HT80000 TCDD Velaro Generation D Siemens 25 kV 50 Hz AC 250 300 2015
TGV Sud-Est SNCF TGV Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC
1.5 kV DC
15 kV 16.7 Hz [N 4]
300 300 380 1981
TGV Atlantique SNCF Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC
1.5 kV DC
300 300 515.3 1989
TGV Réseau SNCF Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC
1.5 kV DC
3 kV DC
320 320 1993
TGV Duplex SNCF Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC
1.5 kV DC
320 320 1995
TGV POS SNCF Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC
15 kV 16.7 Hz AC

1.5 kV DC

320 320 574.8 2006
TGV Euroduplex SNCF
ONCF
Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC
15 kV  16.7 Hz AC
3 kV DC
1.5 kV DC
320 320 2011
TGV Océane SNCF Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC
1.5 kV DC
320 320 2017
Thalys PBA Thalys Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC
1.5 kV DC
3 kV DC
320 320 1996
Thalys PBKA Thalys Alstom 25 kV 50 Hz AC
15 kV  16.7 Hz AC
3 kV DC
1.5 kV DC
300 320 1997
THSR 700T THSR Shinkansen Hitachi
Kawasaki
Nippon Sharyo
25 kV 60 Hz AC 300 300 2007
Velaro RUS RZD Velaro Siemens 25 kV 50 Hz AC

3 kV DC

250 350 290 2009
X2 SJ X 2000 Adtranz
ABB
25 kV 50 Hz AC
15 kV  16.7 Hz AC
200 210 276 1989
X3 Arlanda Express Coradia Alstom 15 kV  16.7 Hz AC 200 205 1998
X40 SJ Alstom 15 kV  16.7 Hz AC 200 200 2006
X50 - 55 SJ
Tågkompaniet
Västtrafik
Veolia Transport
Upplands Lokaltrafik
Regina Bombardier 15 kV  16.7 Hz AC 200 200 303 2000
Z-TER SNCF Alstom
Bombardier
25 kV 50 Hz AC,
1.5 kV DC
200 200 2003

High-speed trains no longer in service

Name Operators Family Manufacturer Maximum speed (km/h) In
Service
Picture
Operated Designed Record
BR Class 370 InterCity APT British Rail Engineering Limited 200 250 261[22] 1980-1986
CRDJJ1 "Blue Arrow" Guangshen Railway Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive Co 200 210 235.6 2000-2012
DJJ2 "China Star" Qinshen railway Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive Co 200 270 321.5 2002-2006
DB Class 403 DB AEG
BBC
Siemens
200 220 1972-1993
ER200 RZD RVR 200 200 220 1984-2009
ETR 470 SBB Pendolino Fiat Ferroviaria 200 200 1997-2014
ETR 450 Trenitalia Fiat Ferroviaria 250 280 1988-2015
ETR.500 (1st series) Trenitalia AnsaldoBreda
Fiat Ferroviaria
Tecnomasio
Firema Trasporti
250 300 321 1992-2007
ICE TD DB
DSB
Venturio Siemens
Düwag
200 200 222 2001-2017
RENFE Class 490 RENFE Pendolino Alstom
Fiat Ferrovaria
220 220 1998-2014
V250 NS
NMBS/SNCB
AnsaldoBreda 250 250 2012-2013
0 Series Shinkansen JNR
JR Central
JR West
Shinkansen Hitachi
Kawasaki
Kinki Sharyo
Nippon Sharyo
Kisha
220 220 1964-2008
100 Series Shinkansen JNR
JR Central
JR West
Hitachi
Kawasaki
Kinki Sharyo
Nippon Sharyo
Tokyu Car
230 230 277.2 1985-2012
200 Series Shinkansen JNR
JR East
Hitachi
Kawasaki
Kinki Sharyo
Nippon Sharyo
Tokyu Car
240 (275 H sets) 275 276.2[23] 1982-2013
300 Series Shinkansen JR Central
JR West
Hitachi
Kawasaki
Kinki Sharyo
Nippon Sharyo
270 270 325.7 1992-2012
400 Series Shinkansen JR East Hitachi
Kawasaki
Tokyu Car
240 240 345 1992-2010
E1 Series Shinkansen JR East Hitachi
Kawasaki
240 240 1994-2012

Notes

  1. Class 730
  2. ICE 3M
  3. ICE 3M & ICE 3MF
  4. TGV Sud-Est Tricourant

References

  1. http://www.alstom.com/Global/Transport/Resources/Documents/brochure2014/Avelia%20Liberty%20-%20Amtrak%20-%20Case%20study%20-%20English.pdf?epslanguage=en-GB
  2. http://www.railwaygazette.com/news/single-view/view/sncf-confirms-tgv-of-the-future-order.html
  3. "Automotoras Eléctricas Série: 4000 (4001-4010 e 4051-4060) :: CP :: (Versão Portuguesa)". Série 4000: CP official website (in Portuguese). Retrieved 29 June 2014.
  4. "Ficha de 9-103-005-5" (in Spanish). Listado del Material Ferroviario Español. Retrieved 16 January 2009.
  5. Talgo y CAF 'empatan' en el concurso de Alta Velocidad de Renfe, El Correo, 2016-11-22
  6. "Bullet train in milestone run on HS1". Railnews. 10 June 2008. Retrieved 4 January 2012. an earlier successful 'overspeed' test to check train stability and ride on 18th April, when the train achieved a maximum speed of 252 km/h
  7. "铁总:9月21日起7对复兴号京沪高铁运营 时速350公里". 腾讯财经. 20 August 2017.
  8. "铁总:9月21日起7对复兴号京沪高铁运营 时速350公里". 腾讯财经. 20 August 2017.
  9. 291 km/h – Pendolino sets new record by Dyspozytor
  10. "In galleria il nuovo record di velocità italiano" (in Italian). Ferrovie.it. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  11. "Il Frecciarossa 1000 è ancora da record" (in Italian). Ferrovie.it. Retrieved 28 February 2016.
  12. http://www.railjournal.com/index.php/middle-east/revised-opening-date-agreed-for-saudi-hs-project.html?channel=523
  13. "Alstom to supply 79 Intercity trains to NS in the Netherlands". www.alstom.com. Retrieved 16 March 2017.
  14. "Products". Stadler Rail. Archived from the original on 27 May 2017. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  15. UK, DVV Media. "Flytoget orders CAF Oaris trainsets". Railway Gazette. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
  16. "TWINDEXX Express Double-deck Trains, Switzerland - Switzerland - Bombardier". www.bombardier.com. Retrieved 15 March 2017.
  17. oe24.at - ÖBB-Zug "railjet" mit Geschwindigkeitsrekord
  18. 東海道新幹線、332キロで試験運転 各国関係者にPR [Test run at 332 km/h on the Tokaido Shinkansen]. Asahi.com (in Japanese). Japan: The Asahi Shimbun Company. 17 November 2009. Archived from the original on 19 November 2009. Retrieved 6 September 2016.
  19. "320-km/h Hayabusa matches world speed record". The Japan Times. Japan: The Japan Times Ltd. 17 March 2013. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
  20. 2014年3月 ダイヤ改正について [March 2014 timetable revision details] (pdf). News release (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. 20 December 2013. p. 1. Retrieved 15 March 2014.
  21. "E7系新幹線電車" [E7 series shinkansen EMU]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 54 no. 634. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. February 2014. pp. 9–13.
  22. "Train smashes speed record". BBC News. 30 July 2003. Retrieved 2 June 2010.
  23. 新幹線と世界のライバル [Shinkansen & High Speed Train of World]. Jtbパブリッシング. 15 July 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
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