List of heritage buildings in Perth, Western Australia

Perth, Western Australia was occupied by British settlers in 1829 and originally named the Swan River Colony. Many of the older buildings are still extant, and have been heritage-listed. The places are listed here in chronological order and include significant buildings in the Perth metropolitan area. Included are examples of governmental, religious, residential, commercial and institutional buildings. Places of identified heritage significance in metropolitan and regional Western Australia are listed in the official "InHerit" database which includes the State Register of Heritage Places, local government inventories and other lists, the Australian Government's heritage list, and other non-government lists and surveys.[1]

Western Australia’s settlements struggled in the 1800s from lack of resources, labour and investment. The gold rushes of the 1890s brought a great influx of people from interstate and overseas, and considerable development arising from the new wealth. Many ornate and substantial buildings were constructed in the metropolitan area from the 1890s to the early-mid 1900s, including the Palace Hotel, Perth, the Esplanade Hotel, Fremantle, His Majesty's Theatre, Perth and the Old Perth Technical School.

In the late 1950s, a group of individuals who were concerned for the need to "preserve our heritage" came together to form the National Trust of Australia (WA) in 1959.[2] The National Trust’s mandate was to educate the public on the importance of valuing our landscapes.[3] At this time, there was no legislation or a statutory body in WA to formally recognise and protect heritage places. The National Trust was able to promote and bring attention to the significance of the state's heritage places including natural landscapes and buildings which were supported by heritage assessments of buildings with a classification system.[4] In 1965, an Act of Parliament established the National Trust as a statutory body in WA and properties were able to be vested under the responsibility of the organisation.[5]

A mining boom in the 1960s-70s led to another wave of intensive development in Perth and as a result the city lost many of its early 1900s buildings, particularly along St Georges Terrace. From this time, a greater awareness in the community of the loss of heritage places developed as demonstrated by several high profile public campaigns for the Pensioner Barracks (now the Barracks Arch), the Palace Hotel on St Georges Terrace and the Swan Brewery.

The lack of statutory protection for heritage places was a serious issue in WA and it wasn’t until the adoption of the Heritage Act of WA 1990 and the formation of the Heritage Council that post-colonial heritage places were given recognition and statutory protection under the State Register of Heritage Places. This work is undertaken by the State Heritage Office which supports the Heritage Council and Minister for Heritage.[6] Aboriginal heritage places are dealt with separately under the Aboriginal Heritage Act 1972.[7]

Further, under the Heritage Act of WA 1990, each local government in Western Australia is required to compile a Municipal Heritage Inventory which identifies places of heritage significance within their municipality.[8]

The National Trust of Australia (WA) since the early 1960s has maintained a List of Classified Places. Classification by the National Trust does not provide statutory protection; instead these assessments provide a record of heritage places (historic, natural and Aboriginal) and support the Trust’s education and advocacy programs.[9] The National Trust's List of Classified Places can be searched via the "inHerit" website.[10]

Thousands of places across Western Australia have been recognised for their heritage significance. The recognition, protection and conservation of these heritage places has developed from individuals and communities who value these places and understand the contribution they make to WA’s history, culture and environment.

List

Building Construction period HCWA
link
Notes Image

1830s

The Round House
Fremantle
1830 [11] Built as a prison shortly after the establishment of the Swan River Colony in 1829.
The Old Mill
South Perth
1835 [12] also known as Shenton's Mill. The original (1833) building was destroyed in 1834 and rebuilt.
The Old Court House
Supreme Court Gardens, Perth
Built between 1836 and 1837 [13] The city's oldest surviving public building. Designed by Henry Willey Reveley. As of 2016, houses the Francis Burt Law Education Centre and Museum.
Tranby House
Maylands
Built in 1839 [14] Built by a group of devout Methodists known as the Tranby People who arrived in the Swan River Colony in 1830.[15]

1840s

All Saints Church
Upper Swan
Built between 1838 and 1840 [16] The oldest still-standing church in Western Australia.
St John's Pro-Cathedral
18 Victoria Avenue, Perth
Between 1843 and 1844 [17] The earliest Roman Catholic church building constructed in Western Australia.
Shenton House

Crawley

1846 Substantial house built in 1846. Now part of the University of Western Australia campus and home to the School of Indigenous Studies.

1850s

Old Perth Boys School
139 St. Georges Terrace, Perth
1854 [18] Taken over by the Technical College in 1898 - owned by the National Trust (WA).
Royal Perth Hospital 1855 [19][20]
Perth Gaol
Northbridge, behind Western Australian Museum
Built in 1856 [21]
The Cloisters
200 St. Georges Terrace, Perth
Built in 1858 [22] Designed by Richard Roach Jewell for Bishop Mathew Blagden Hale. Served as W.A.'s first boys' secondary school
Fremantle Prison
Fremantle
Between 1852 and 1859 [23]
The Deanery
Corner of St. Georges Terrace and Pier Street, Perth
Built in 1859 [24] Built as a residence for the first Dean of Perth.
Bishop's House
Corner Spring Street and Mounts Bay Road, Perth.
Built in 1859 [25] Residence of Bishop Mathew Blagden Hale

1860s

Archbishop's Palace
41 Victoria Square, Perth
First stage completed 1860 [26] Built by Bishop Joseph Serra who became Catholic Bishop of Perth
Barracks Arch
266 St. Georges Terrace, Perth
Built in 1863 [27] The former Barracks were built to house the retired Pensioner Forces. The two wings on each side of the entrance were demolished in the 1960s to make way for the Mitchell Freeway. The Government of the day—led by David Brand—intended to demolish the entire structure, but public outrage forced a compromise and the arch was saved.
Government House
St. Georges Terrace, Perth
Between 1859 and 1864 [28] Official residence of the Governor of Western Australia
Fremantle Arts Centre
Finnerty Street, Fremantle
Between 1861 and 1864 [29] Originally built as the Fremantle Lunatic Asylum
Trinity Church
72 St. Georges Terrace, Perth
Partly obscured Trinity Congregational Chapel was built in 1865. The Church (foreground) was built in 1897. [30] Chapel designed by Richard Roach Jewell. Hosted the first meeting of the Karrakatta Club in 1894.
St Mary's Cathedral
41 Victoria Square, Perth
Western end was begun in 1865 [31]

1870s

Perth Town Hall
Corner Barrack and Hay Streets, Perth
Between 1868 and 1870 [32] Built using convict labour
Wesley Church
75 William Street, corner Hay Street
1870 [33]
St. Mary's Church
Middle Swan
1870 [34] Located near the site of an earlier octagonal church which had been built in 1839
Central Government Offices
Barrack Street, Perth
1874 [35] The former Treasury buildings and Titles Office buildings bounded by Barrack St, St Georges Tce and Cathedral Avenue were originally Perth's GPO, which was moved by the Commonwealth to the Forrest Place building in 1923.

1880s

Royal Hotel, Perth
300 Murray Street
1882 [36] Part of Raine Square
Fremantle Grammar School
200 High Street, Fremantle
1885 [37] Established by Henry Briggs as an Anglican public school
Fremantle Town Hall
8 William Street, Fremantle
1887 [38]
Court Hotel
Beaufort Street, Northbridge
1888 [39]
St George's Cathedral
2 Cathedral Avenue, Perth
Completed in 1888 [40] Currently undergoing a major renovation

1890s

St George's House
235-239 St Georges Terrace, Perth
1892 [41] designed by Talbot Hobbs[42]
The Weld Club
4 Barrack Street, Perth
1892 [43] designed by Talbot Hobbs
Perth Railway Station
Wellington Street, Perth
1893 to 1894 [44] designed by George Temple-Poole
Theatre Royal & Metropole Hotel
637-645 Hay St
1894-97 [45]
The Palace Hotel
William Street and St. Georges Terrace, Perth
1896 [46] Currently offices for Bank of Western Australia
The Esplanade Hotel
Marine Terrace, Fremantle
1896 [47] [48]
Beaufort Street Terraces
235-241 Beaufort Street, Highgate
1897 [49] Currently used as doctors' and dentists' surgeries, and private residences
Fremantle Markets
Market Street, Fremantle
Commenced in 1897 [50] Design - H.J. Eales and Charles Oldham.
Tom Burke House
191-195 Newcastle Street, Northbridge
c.1898 [51][52] designed & initially occupied by Louis Bowser Cumpston
Perth Mint
310 Hay Street, Perth
Foundation stone was laid in 1896 and competed in 1899 [53] Australia's oldest operating mint
Old Perth Observatory
4 Havelock St, West Perth
Construction completed 1896 and officially opened in 1900 [54] National Trust, WA branch Headquarters. Design - George Temple-Poole
Jubilee Building
North Perth
completed in 1899 [55] Part of the Western Australian Museum
The Cliffe
Peppermint Grove
constructed in 1894 [56] designed by Talbot Hobbs

1900s

The Old Perth Fire Station
Perth
1900 [57] First purpose-built fire station in WA, operated until 1979. Now the FESA Fire Safety Education Centre & Museum
His Majesty's Theatre
Perth
1904 [58] Constructed at the time of the Western Australian gold rush, it was the largest theatre in Australia, and had seating for over 2,500 people. It is believed to be the only remaining working Edwardian theatre in Australia.
The North Mole Lighthouse
Fremantle
1906 [59] This cast iron light tower, together with its southern twin, are the only remaining navigation lights of this design in this State.

1910s

The Old Perth Technical School
Perth
1910 [60] First tertiary-education institution in WA. Designed by Hillson Beasley and built on the site of Reveley's Tuscan mill.
Wireless Hill Museum 1912 [61] Originally built as the Applecross Wireless Station
The Albany Bell Castle 1914 [62] Bakehouse Factory, expression with considerable elaboration of details, towers, battlements, generous natural lighting and garden setting, is uncommon in the Western Australian community
Anzac Cottage 1915 [63]

1920s

General Post Office, Perth 1923 [64]
Young Australia League building 1924 [65]

1930s

Salvation Army Congress Hall (fmr)
69 Murray Street, Perth
192930 [66]
Atlas Building
810 The Esplanade, Perth
1931 [67] Houses the Museum of Perth
St Joseph's Church
Subiaco
1933–1934 [68] Interwar Gothic church designed by Edgar Le Blond Henderson.[69]
First Church of Christ, Scientist, Perth 1939 [70] Art Deco church designed by Ochiltree & Hargrave

See also

References

  1. Search Heritage Places Archived 20 August 2006 at the Wayback Machine at W.A. State Heritage Office
  2. Barracks to the Burrup, p 49
  3. Barracks to the Burrup, p 80
  4. Barracks to the Burrup, p 90
  5. Barracks to the Burrup, p 109
  6. "Heritage Council". Heritage.wa.gov.au. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
  7. "Aboriginal Heritage Act 1972 - Welcome to DAA - Department of Aboriginal Affairs". Daa.wa.gov.au. 15 May 2014. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
  8. "Heritage Lists - Inventories". Heritage.wa.gov.au. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
  9. "Heritage Register - WA". Nationaltrust.org.au. 17 June 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
  10. "Search Heritage Places". Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  11. https://web.archive.org/web/20051221172150/http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=1&place_seq=896. Archived from the original on 21 December 2005. Retrieved 18 June 2006. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. https://web.archive.org/web/20050620011500/http://www.ntwa.com.au/places/perthproperties/tranbyHeritage.shtml. Archived from the original on 20 June 2005. Retrieved 15 June 2006. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  13. "Heritage Council of Western Australia :: All Saints Anglican Church".
  14. "Heritage Council of Western Australia :: St Johns Pro-Cathedral".
  15. "Heritage Council of Western Australia :: Old Perth Boys School".
  16. "Royal Perth Hospital Heritage Precinct". InHerit. Heritage Council of Western Australia.
  17. "History". Government of Western Australia, Department of Health. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  18. "Heritage Council of Western Australia :: Old Court House & Gaol".
  19. "Heritage Council of Western Australia :: Fremantle Prison".
  20. "Heritage Council of Western Australia :: Bishop's House".
  21. "Heritage Council of Western Australia :: Archbishop's Palace".
  22. https://web.archive.org/web/20070930015059/http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?place_seq=2124. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 18 June 2006. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  23. https://web.archive.org/web/20040508174230/http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=1&place_seq=1953. Archived from the original on 8 May 2004. Retrieved 18 June 2006. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  24. https://web.archive.org/web/20040428035956/http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=0&place_seq=2003. Archived from the original on 28 April 2004. Retrieved 18 June 2006. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  25. "Royal Hotel". InHerit. Heritage Council of Western Australia.
  26. https://web.archive.org/web/20040508175104/http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/viewplace.html?offset=1&place_seq=2102. Archived from the original on 8 May 2004. Retrieved 18 June 2006. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  27. "Theatre Royal & Metropole Hotel (fmr)". InHerit. Heritage Council of Western Australia.
  28. https://web.archive.org/web/20050618102433/http://www.esplanadehotelfremantle.com.au/index.history.4082.html. Archived from the original on 18 June 2005. Retrieved 15 June 2006. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  29. "Tom Burke House". Heritage Perth. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  30. "Tom Burke House (P)". Register of Heritage Places. Heritage Council of Western Australia. 14/12/2001. Retrieved May 5, 2019. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  31. (PDF) https://web.archive.org/web/20070903154327/http://register.heritage.wa.gov.au/PDF_Files/The%20Cliffe%2007-05%28P-AD%29.PDF. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 September 2007. Retrieved 19 November 2007. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  32. https://web.archive.org/web/20070213055338/http://www.fesa.wa.gov.au/internet/default.aspx?MenuID=87. Archived from the original on 13 February 2007. Retrieved 25 April 2007. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  33. "His Majesty's Theatre | Perth Theatre Trust". Hismajestystheatre.com.au. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  34. "Place ID 16653". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment.
  35. Archived 1 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  36. "Anzac Cottage (place number 03344)". Heritage Council State Heritage Office. 22 October 2015. Retrieved 14 November 2015.
  37. "Young Australia League and House (YAL and residence)". InHerit. Heritage Council of Western Australia. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
  38. "Salvation Army Headquarters & Congress Hall (fmr)". InHerit. Heritage Council of Western Australia. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
  39. "Atlas Building". InHerit. Heritage Council of Western Australia. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  40. "St Joseph's Church & Presbytery - Register of Heritage Places - Assessment Documentation". Heritage Council of Western Australia. 2001. Archived from the original on 23 January 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  41. "First Church of Christ, Scientist, Perth". InHerit. Heritage Council of Western Australia. Retrieved 21 November 2016.

Further reading

  • Austen, Tom The Streets of Old Perth St George Books. 1988. ISBN 0-86778-038-X
  • Le Page, J. S. H. Building a state : the story of the Public Works Department of Western Australia 1829-1985 Leederville, W.A : Water Authority of Western Australia, 1986. ISBN 0-7244-6862-5
  • Stannage, C. T The people of Perth : a social history of Western Australia's capital city Perth : Carroll's for Perth City Council, 1979. ISBN 0-909994-86-2
  • Witcomb A and Gregory K From the Barracks to the Burrup: the National Trust in Western Australia University of New South Wales Press Ltd, Sydney. 2010. ISBN 9781-921410-24-6
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.