List of former United States military installations in Panama
This is a list of United States military installations in Panama, all of which fall within the former Canal zone. The U.S. military installations in Panama were turned over to local authorities by 1999.
In 1903, the Hay–Bunau-Varilla Treaty was signed between Panama and the United States. It created the Panama Canal Zone as a U.S. governed region, and allowed the U.S. to build the Panama Canal. In 1977, the Panama Canal Treaty (also called Torrijos–Carter Treaties) was signed by Commander of Panama's National Guard, General Omar Torrijos and U.S. President Jimmy Carter. Over time, it would replace and absolve the 1903 treaty.
- 1 October 1979, the Panama Canal Zone was abolished. All unused area (mainly forest) was transferred to Panama. Also some non-military constructions, like hospitals and schools, were transferred to Panama.
- Between 1979 and 31 December 1999 U.S. transferred all military areas and constructions to Panama. Formal U.S. presence was ended by 2000. In total 95,293 acres (386 square kilometres) with 5,237 buildings were handed over. Their estimated value was some $4 billion US$.
- After the United States invasion of Panama in 1989, some installations were reactivated by the U.S. Still, these were disestablished by 2000.
|Name||Branch||Unit||Abandoned||Current name||Current use||Area||Coordinates|
|Galeta Island||Navy||CDAA (Wullenweber) radio detection||2002||Atlantic||9.40233°N 79.87217°W|
|Fort Randolph||Army||coastal defense||1999||Atlantic,|
|Coco Solo||Navy||submarine base||1999||Manzanillo International Terminal||container terminal||Atlantic,|
|Fort De Lesseps||Army||coastal defense||1955||Atlantic,|
|Fort Sherman||Army||coastal defense,|
Jungle Operations Training Center
|1999||harbour: Shelter Bay Marina||unused,|
|1949||Enrique Adolfo Jiménez Airport||airfield||Atlantic,|
|Gatun Tank Farm||Navy||underground fuel storage with oil terminal at Cristobal||1991||Atlantic,|
near Gatun locks
|Fort Gulick||Army||School of the Americas||1984, 1999||Fuerte Espinar||hotel Melia||Atlantic,|
|Fort William D. Davis||Army||infantry, jungle warfare training,|
special forces training
|Jose Dominador Bazan||residential area||Atlantic,|
|Semaphore Hill||Navy||long-range radar and communications link||1979,|
|Canopy Tower||nature observatory||Inland, Culebra summit||9.07833°N 79.64889°W|
|Summit||Navy||Naval Communications Station Balboa, VLF (sender)||Inland, Culebra summit||9.07833°N 79.64889°W|
|Gorgas Hospital||Army||hospital, barracks||1999||Hospital||Ancon Hill|
|Quarry Heights||DOD||HQ US Southern Command||1999||Headquarters||Ancon Hill|
|Fort Clayton||Army||communications||1999||Ciudad del Saber||residential housing, schools||Miraflores locks||9.0001°N 79.5829°W|
|Albrook AFS||Air Force||1999||Albrook "Marcos A. Gelabert" International Airport (||academic campus (FSU-Panama), regional civil airport||Pacific,|
|Arraijan Tank Farm||Navy||underground fuel storage with oil terminal at Rodman||1997||civil usage (PATSA)||Pacific,|
|Rodman Naval Station||Navy||harbor (Formerly called Balboa Naval Station, Canal Zone)||Vasco Nuñez de Balboa Naval Base||Panamanian National Maritime Service||Pacific,|
|PSA Panama International Terminal||container terminal|
|Fort Amador||Army||coastal defense||1999||recreation, new hotel (2001)||Pacific,|
|Naval Communications Station Balboa||Navy||HQ radio communications||Pacific,|
near Fort Amador
|Farfan||Navy||Naval Communications Station Balboa (receiver)||Radio Holland Panama||marine communications||Pacific,|
near Howard AFB
|Howard Air Force Base||Air Force||1999||Panamá Pacífico International Airport (||international airport||Pacific,|
|Fort Grant||Army||coastal defense||1948||Islas Naos, Penco, Flamenco||tourism||Pacific,|
|Fort Kobbe||Army||2000||Panama Pacifico||real estate (development)||Pacific,|
near Howard AFB
- Category:Panama Canal Zone Townships
- William H. Ormsbee Jr. (2009-01-30). "WHOs scroll". Retrieved 2012-12-09.
- "http://william_h_ormsbee.tripod.com/treaty_impact_military_p04.htm". Retrieved 2012-12-09. External link in