List of feminists

This is a list of important participants in the development of feminism, originally sorted by surname within each period.

It may include, for instance, earlier authors who did not self-identify as feminists but have been claimed to have furthered "feminist consciousness" by a resistance of male dominance expressed in their works.

Early feminists

Born before 1499.

Period (birth) Name Country Born Died Comments Source
1200–1300Helen of AnjouSerbia12361314Serbian Queen, feminist, establisher of women's schools[1][2]
1300–1400Christine de PizanItaly13651430Medieval court writer[3]
1300–1400JefimijaSerbia13491405Serbian politician, poet, diplomat[4]
1400–1499Laura CeretaItaly14691499Humanist and feminist writer[5]
1400–1499Balaram DasIndiaunknownunknown15th century Odia poet; first attempt in India towards feminism[6]
1400–1499Isabel de VillenaCatalan Countries14301460Feminist Nun

16th-century feminists

Born between 1500 and 1599.

Period (birth) Name Country Born Died Comments Source
1500–1599Heinrich Cornelius AgrippaGermany14861535Male feminist, wrote Declamatio de nobilitate et praecellentia foeminei sexus (Declamation on the Nobility and Preeminence of the Female Sex), a book pronouncing the theological and moral superiority of women[7]
1500–1599Jane AngerUnited Kingdomfl.1589fl.1589Protofeminist writer of Jane Anger her Protection for Women[8]
1500–1599Marie de GournayFrance15651645Protofeminist writer of Egalité des hommes et des femmes (The equality of men and women)[9]
1500–1599Modesta di Pozzo di ForziItaly1501–1600c.1593Protofeminist writer of The Worth of Women[10]
1500–1599Lucrezia MarinellaItalyc.15711653Italian poet, author, and an advocate of women's rights[11]
1500–1599Izumo no OkuniJapanc.1571unknownOriginator of kabuki theater[12]

17th-century feminists

Born between 1600 and 1699.

Period (birth) Name Country Born Died Comments Source
1600–1699Mary AstellUnited Kingdomc.16661731English feminist writer and rhetorician[11][13][14]
1600–1699Aphra BehnUnited Kingdom16401689Writer and protofeminist[15]
1600–1699Anne BradstreetUnited Kingdom16121672North American colonial poet[16]
1600–1699Sophia Elisabet BrennerSweden16591724Writer and women's rights activist[17]
1600–1699François Poullain de la BarreFrance16471725Male feminist philosopher[11]
1600–1699Sr. Sor Juana Inés de la CruzMexico16481695Hieronymite nun, scholar and poet[18]

18th-century feminists

Born between 1700 and 1799.

Period (birth) Name Country Born Died Comments Source
1700–1799Abigail AdamsUnited States17441818Wife of John Adams and mother of John Quincy Adams[19]
1700–1799Catharina AhlgrenSweden17341800Female Swedish publisher and writer. [20]
1700–1799Annestine BeyerDenmark17951884Pioneer of women's education[21]
1700–1799Eleanor ButlerUnited Kingdom17391829One of the Ladies of Llangollen[22]
1700–1799Marquis de CondorcetFrance17431794[11]
1700–1799Olympe de GougesFrance17481793Playwright and political activist who wrote the Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen in 1791[13]
1700–1799Anne-Josèphe Théroigne de MéricourtFrance17621817Politician[23]
1700–1799Francisco de Miranda, Gen.Venezuela17501816Published an impassioned plea for women's education.[24]
1700–1799Madeleine de PuisieuxFrance17201798Writer[25]
1700–1799Dorothea ErxlebenGermany17151762[3]
1700–1799Charles FourierFrance17721837Socialist feminist; philosopher; credited with coining the (French) word "féministe"[26][27]
1700–1799Jane GomeldonUnited Kingdomc.17201779Writer and first to use the press to gain power through transparency. [28]
1700–1799Sarah Moore GrimkéUnited States17921873Suffragist and abolitionist[13][29]
1700–1799Francis HutchesonIreland16941746Scottish-Irish philosopher, a founding father of the Scottish Enlightenment[30]
1700–1799Christian Isobel JohnstoneUnited Kingdom17811857Journalist and author in Scotland[31]
1700–1799Anne KnightUnited Kingdom17861862Social reformer; pioneer of feminism[13]
1701–1800Anna Maria LenngrenSweden17541817Writer, poet, and salonist; possibly a feminist[32]
1700–1799Lucretia MottUnited States17931880Abolitionist and women's rights campaigner[33]
1700–1799Sarah PonsonbyUnited Kingdom17551831One of the Ladies of Llangollen[22]
1700–1799Mary ShelleyUnited Kingdom17971851Early pioneer feminist[29]
1700–1799Thomas ThorildSweden17591808Male feminist, poet[34]
1700–1799Sojourner TruthUnited Statesc.17971883First-wave feminist; abolitionist, women's rights activist, speaker, women's rights speech "Ain't I a Woman?"[19][29]
1700–1799Anna WheelerUnited Kingdom, Ireland17851848Feminist writer[35]
1700–1799Mary WollstonecraftUnited Kingdom17591797Early pioneer feminist; Individualist feminist[19][29]
1700–1799Frances WrightUnited Kingdom17951852feminist[19][29]

Early and mid 19th-century feminists

Born between 1800 and 1874.

Period (birth) Name Country Born Died Comments Source
1800–1874Juliette AdamFrance18361936[13]
1800–1874Jane AddamsUnited States18601935feminist; Women's Suffrage advocate; Major social activist, president Women's International League for Peace and Freedom[29]
1800–1874Gertrud AdelborgSweden18531942Teacher and suffragist[36]
1800–1874Sophie AdlersparreSweden18231895Publisher; one of three most notable pioneers of women's rights movement in Sweden[37]
1800–1874Alfhild AgrellSweden18491923[38]
1800–1874Soteria AlibertyGreece18471929[13]
1800–1874Jules AllixFrance18181897Socialist; feminist[26]
1800–1874Elisabeth Altmann-GottheinerGermany18741930Woman Suffrage [39]
1800–1874Qasim AminEgypt18631908Muslim feminist; early advocate of women's rights in Egyptian society[13][40]
1800–1874Ellen AnckarsvärdSweden18331898Co-founded the Married Woman's Property Rights Association[41]
1800–1874Adelaide AndersonUnited Kingdom18631936[14][14]
1800–1874Elizabeth Garrett AndersonUnited Kingdom18361917Feminist, suffragist; first Englishwoman to qualify as a physician and surgeon in the UK; co-founder of first hospital staffed by women[14][42]
1800–1874Louisa Garrett AndersonUnited Kingdom18731943Suffragette[42]
1800–1874Maybanke AndersonAustralia18451927Suffragette[43]
1800–1874Susan AnthonyUnited States18201906Woman Suffrage advocate; played a pivotal role in movement to introduce women's suffrage into the United States[19]
1800–1874Lovisa ÅrbergSweden18011881First female doctor in Sweden [44]
1800–1874Edith ArchibaldCanada18541936Suffragist; led the Maritime Women's Christian Temperance Union, the National Council of Women of Canada and the Local Council of Women of Halifax[45]
1800–1874Concepción ArenalSpain18201893[11]
1800–1874Princess Louise, Duchess of ArgyllUnited Kingdom18481939Suffragette[46]
1800–1874Ottilie AssingGermany18191884[47]
1800–1874Bibi Khanoom AstarabadiIran18591921Writer[48]
1800–1874Louise AstonGermany18141871[49]
1800–1874Hubertine AuclertFrance18481914Feminist activist, suffragette[29]
1800–1874Olympe AudouardFrance18321890[29]
1800–1874Alice Constance AustinUnited States18621955Socialist feminist; radical feminist[50]
1800–1874Rachel Foster AveryUnited States18581919First-wave feminist; suffragette[29]
1800–1874John Goodwyn BarmbyUnited Kingdom18201881[42]
1800–1874Marie BashkirtseffUkraine18581884feminist; French feminist[29]
1800–1874José Batlle y OrdóñezUruguay18561929[51]
1800–1874Anna BayerováCzech Republic18531924[52]
1800–1874Jean BeadleAustralia18681942Feminist; social worker; political activist
1800–1874August BebelGermany18401913Communist; male[19]
1800–1874Alaide Gualberta BeccariItaly18681930Socialist feminist; radical feminist
1800–1874Lydia BeckerUnited Kingdom18271890Suffragette[13][42]
1800–1874Catharine BeecherUnited States18001878[13]
1800–1874Alva BelmontUnited States18531933Suffrage leader; speaker; author[13]
1800–1874Louie BennettIreland18701956Suffrage leader[13]
1800–1874Ethel BenthamUnited Kingdom18611931Progressive doctor, politician and suffragette[53]
1800–1874Victoire Léodile BéraFrance18241900[54]
1800–1874Signe BergmanSweden18691960
1800–1874Annie BesantUnited Kingdom18471933Socialist feminist
1800–1874Clementina BlackUnited Kingdom18531922Feminist, writer, trade unionist
1800–1874Alice Stone BlackwellUnited States18571950Feminist and journalist, editor of Woman's Journal, a major women's rights publication[13]
1800–1874Antoinette Brown BlackwellUnited States18251921Founded American Woman Suffrage Association with Lucy Stone in 1869
1800–1874Elizabeth BlackwellUnited States18211910First-wave feminist[29]
1800–1874Henry Browne BlackwellUnited States18251909Businessman, abolitionist, journalist, suffrage leader and campaigner
1800–1874Harriot Eaton Stanton BlatchUnited States18561940Suffragist[13][42]
1800–1874Amelia BloomerUnited States18181894Suffragist, publisher and editor of The Lily, advocated for many women's issues[13]
1800–1874Barbara BodichonUnited Kingdom18271891[13][42]
1800–1874Laura BordenCanada18611940President of the Local Council of Women of Halifax
1800–1874Lily BraunGermany18651916[13]
1800–1874Fredrika BremerSweden18011865Writer, feminist activist and pioneer of the organized women's rights movement in Sweden[13]
1800–1874Ursula Mellor BrightUnited Kingdom18351915Suffragette
1800–1874Emilia BrooméSweden18661925
1800–1874Lady Constance Bulwer-LyttonUnited Kingdom18691923Suffragette
1800–1874Katharine BushnellUnited States18561946
1800–1874Josephine ButlerUnited Kingdom18281906[13]
1800–1874Pancha CarrascoCosta Rica18261890[13]
1800–1874Frances Jennings CasementUnited States18401928Suffragette
1800–1874Carrie Chapman CattUnited States18591947Suffrage leader, president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, founder of League of Women Voters and the International Alliance of Women[13][19]
1800–1874Maria CederschiöldSweden18561935Suffragette
1800–1874William Henry ChanningUnited States18101884Minister, author
1800–1874Mary Agnes ChaseUnited States18691963Socialist feminist; suffragist
1800–1874Ada Nield ChewUnited Kingdom18701945Suffragette
1800–1874Tennessee Celeste ClaflinUnited States18441923suffragist[19]
1800–1874Alice ClarkUnited Kingdom18741934
1800–1874Helen Bright ClarkUnited Kingdom18401972Suffragette
1800–1874Florence ClaxtonUnited Kingdom18401879
1800–1874Francis Power CobbeIreland18221904
1800–1874Mary Ann ColcloughNew Zealand18361885Feminist; social reformer
1800–1874Anna "Annie" Julia CooperUnited States18581964Suffragist[11]
1800–1874Marguerite CoppinBelgium18671931Woman poet laureate of Belgium and advocate of women's rights
1800–1874Ida Crouch-HazlettUnited States18701941Socialist feminist; suffragist
1800–1874Emily Wilding DavisonUnited Kingdom18721913Suffragist
1800–1874Jenny d'HericourtFrance18091875[13]
1800–1874Voltairine de CleyreUnited States18661912Individualist feminist; anarcha-feminist[29]
1800–1874Isabelle Gatti de GamondBelgian18391905Educator, feminist, suffragist, politician
1800–1874Caroline Rémy de GuebhardFrance18551929
1800–1874Sibylle Riqueti de MirabeauFrance18491932
1800–1874Draga DejanovićSerbia18401871[55]
1800–1874Josefina DelandSweden18141890Writer, teacher, founded Society for Retired Female Teachers)
1800–1874Maria DeraismesFrance18281894[54]
1800–1874Jeanne DeroinFrance18051894[13]
1800–1874Charlotte Despard née FrenchUnited Kingdom18441939Suffragette[13]
1800–1874Wilhelmina DruckerNetherlands18471925First wave feminist, political activist and writer[56]
1800–1874Louisa Margaret DunkleyAustralia18661927Labour organizer
1800–1874Marguerite DurandFrance18641936Suffragette[57]
1800–1874Friedrich EngelsGermany18201895Communist; male[19]
1800–1874Emily FaithfullUnited Kingdom18351895
1800–1874Millicent Garrett FawcettUnited Kingdom18471929Long-time president of the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies
1800–1874Astrid Stampe FeddersenDenmark18521930Chaired the first Scandinavian meeting on women's rights
1800–1874Anna FilosofovaRussia18371912Early Russian woman's rights activist
1800–1874Louise FlodinSweden18281923
1800–1874Mary Sargant FlorenceUnited Kingdom18571954Suffragette
1800–1874Isabella FordUnited Kingdom18551924Socialist feminist; suffragette
1800–1874Margaret FullerUnited States18101850Transcendentalist, critic, advocate for women's education, author of Woman in the Nineteenth Century[19]
1800–1874Matilda Joslyn GageUnited States18261898Suffragist, editor, writer, organizer[11]
1800–1874Marie-Louise GagneurFrance18321902Feminist writer[58]
1800–1874Eliza GambleUnited States18411820Intellectual and an advocate of the Women's Movement[59]
1800–1874William Lloyd GarrisonUnited States18051879Abolitionist, journalist, organizer, advocate[19]
1800–1874Edith Margaret GarrudUnited Kingdom18721971Trained the 'Bodyguard' unit of the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU) in jujutsu self-defence techniques
1800–1874Désirée GayFrance18101891Socialist feminist[60]
1800–1874Charlotte Perkins GilmanUnited States18601935Ecofeminist[19]
1800–1874Wil van GoghNetherlands18621941
1800–1874Emma GoldmanUnited Kingdom18691940Individualist feminist; Russian-American campaigner for birth control and other rights[13][19][29]
1800–1874Vida GoldsteinAustralia18691949Early Australian feminist politician; first woman in the British Empire to stand for election to a national parliament[13]
1800–1874Grace GreenwoodUnited States18231904First woman reporter on the New York Times payroll, advocate for social reform and women's rights
1800–1874Angelina Emily GrimkéUnited States18051879First-wave feminist; Woman Suffrage advocate[19][29]
1800–1874Bella GuerinAustralia18581923Socialist feminist; first woman to graduate from an Australian university
1800–1874Marianne HainischAustria18391936Proponent of women's right to work and to receive education
1800–1874Marion Coates HansenUnited Kingdom18701947Suffragette
1800–1874Jane Ellen HarrisonUnited Kingdom18501928
1800–1874Anna HaslamIreland18291922Major figure in early women's movement in Ireland, founded the Dublin Women's Suffrage Association
1800–1874Anna Hierta-RetziusSweden18411924Women's rights activist and philanthropist
1800–1874Thomas Wentworth HigginsonUnited States18281911Abolitionist, minister, author
1800–1874Marie HoheiselAustria18731947Women's rights activist. Chair of Austrian Mothers' Day Committee
1800–1874Laurence HousmanUnited Kingdom18651959Socialist feminist
1800–1874Julia Ward HoweUnited States18191910Suffragist, writer, organizer
1800–1874Louisa HubbardUnited Kingdom18361906
1800–1874Aletta JacobsNetherlands18541929[11]
1800–1874Kehajia KalliopiGreece18391905[13]
1800–1874Kang YouweiChina18581927[13]
1800–1874Abby KelleyUnited States18111887Suffragist and activist
1800–1874Grace KimminsUnited Kingdom18711954
1800–1874Anna KingsfordUnited Kingdom18461888Ecofeminist
1800–1874Toshiko KishidaJapan18631901[13]
1800–1874Evgenia KonradiRussian Empire18381898Socialist feminist, writer, essayist[61]
1800–1874Lotten von KræmerSweden18281912Baroness, writer, poet, philanthropist, founder of the literary society Samfundet De Nio
1800–1874Marie Lacoste-Gérin-LajoieCanada18671945Suffragette; self-taught jurist
1800–1874Louisa LawsonAustralia18481920Suffragette; radical pro-republican federalist; author and publisher[11]
1800–1874Mary LeeAustralia, Ireland18211909Suffragette
1800–1874Anna LeonowensUnited Kingdom, India18311915Travel writer, educator, social activist
1800–1874Fredrika LimnellSweden18161897
1800–1874Mary LivermoreUnited States18201905Women's rights journalist, suffragist
1800–1874Belva LockwoodUnited States18301917[13]
1800–1874Margaret Bright LucasUnited Kingdom18181890Suffragette
1800–1874Christian MaclaganUnited Kingdom18111901
1800–1874Kitty MarionUnited Kingdom18711944Socialist feminist; suffragette
1800–1874Harriet MartineauUnited Kingdom18021876
1800–1874Eleanor MarxUnited Kingdom18551898Socialist feminist
1800–1874Rosa MayrederAustria18581938[11]
1800–1874Nellie McClungCanada18731951Feminist and suffragist; part of The Famous Five
1800–1874Helen Priscilla McLarenUnited Kingdom18511934
1800–1874Louise MichelFrance18301905anarcha-feminist[26]
1800–1874Harriet Taylor MillUnited Kingdom18071858Early pioneer feminist[29]
1800–1874John Stuart MillUnited Kingdom18061873Early Pioneer[19][29]
1800–1874Hannah MitchellUnited Kingdom18721956Socialist feminist; suffragette
1800–1874Katti Anker MøllerNorway18681945First-wave feminist[29]
1800–1874Agda MonteliusSweden18501920Feminist; suffragette; philanthropist, chairman of the Fredrika-Bremer-förbundet
1800–1874Anna Maria MozzoniItaly18371920First-wave feminist ; suffragette[29]
1800–1874Flora MurrayUnited Kingdom18691923Suffragette
1800–1874Clarina I. H. NicholsUnited States18101885First-wave feminist; suffragist[29]
1800–1874Draga ObrenovićSerbia18641903Queen consort;
1800–1874Louise Otto-PetersGermany18191895[62][63]
1800–1874Emmeline PankhurstUnited Kingdom18581928Suffragette; one of the founders and the leader of the British suffragette movement[19]
1800–1874Maud Wood ParkUnited States18711955Founder College Equal Suffrage League, first president League of Women Voters
1800–1874Madeleine PelletierFrance18741939French feminist; First-wave feminist; Socialist feminist[29]
1800–1874Wendell PhillipsUnited States18111884Abolitionist, orator, lawyer
1800–1874Jyotiba PhuleIndia18271890Critic of the caste system, founded a school for girls, a widow-remarriage initiative, a home for upper caste widows, and a home for infant girls to discourage female infanticide[11]
1800–1874Eugénie Potonié-PierreFrance18441898[26]
1800–1874Eleanor RathboneUnited Kingdom18721946[11]
1800–1874Dorothy RichardsonUnited Kingdom18731957
1800–1874Edith RigbyUnited Kingdom18721948Suffragette
1800–1874Bessie RischbiethAustralia18741967)Earliest female appointed to any court; early activist against the practice of taking Aboriginal children from their mothers
1800–1874Eliza RitchieCanada18561933Prominent suffragist, executive member of the Local Council of Women of Halifax
1800–1874Harriet Hanson RobinsonUnited States18251911[19]
1800–1874Pauline RolandFrance18051852[29]
1800–1874Rosalie RoosSweden18231898Writer and pioneer of the organized women's rights movement in Sweden
1800–1874Ernestine RoseUnited States, Russia-Poland18101892Suffragette[19]
1800–1874Hilda SachsSweden18571935Journalist, writer and feminist
1800–1874George SandFrance18041876Early pioneer feminist[19][29]
1800–1874Anna SandströmSweden18541931Educational reformer
1800–1874Auguste SchmidtGermany18331902[64]
1800–1874Olive SchreinerSouth Africa18551920
1800–1874Rose ScottAustralia18471925Suffragette
1800–1874Anna Howard ShawUnited States18471919President of National Women's Suffrage Association 1904–1915
1800–1874Kate SheppardNew Zealand18481934Influential in winning voting rights for women in 1893 (the first country and national election in which women were allowed to vote)[11]
1800–1874Tarabai ShindeIndia18501910
1800–1874Emily Anne Eliza ShirreffUnited Kingdom18141897Early pioneer feminist[29]
1800–1874Eleanor Mildred SidgwickUnited Kingdom18451936
1800–1874Dame Ethel Mary SmythUnited Kingdom18581944Suffragette
1800–1874Anna Garlin SpencerUnited States18511931[19]
1800–1874Elizabeth Cady StantonUnited States18151902Social activist, abolitionist, suffragist, organizer of the 1848  Women's Rights Convention, co-founder of the National Woman Suffrage Association and the International Council of Women[19]
1800–1874Anna SterkySweden, Denmark18561939[65]
1800–1874Helene StöckerGermany18691943[63]
1800–1874Milica Stojadinović-SrpkinjaSerbia18281878Feminist; war correspondent; writer; poet[66]
1800–1874Lucy StoneUnited States18181893Orator, organizer of the first National Women's Rights Convention, founder of the Woman's Journal, and first recorded American woman to retain her surname after marriage[19]
1800–1874Emily Howard StoweCanada18311903Physician, advocate for women's inclusion in the medical professional community, founder of the Canadian Women's Suffrage Association
1800–1874Helena SwanwickUnited Kingdom18641939Suffragette
1800–1874Frances SwineyUnited Kingdom18471922Suffragette
1800–1874TáhirihIran1814/171852Bábí poet, theologian, and proponent of women's rights in 19th-century Iran[11]
1800–1874Caroline TestmanDenmark18391919Co-founder of the Dansk Kvindesamfund
1800–1874Martha Carey ThomasUnited States18571935[13]
1800–1874Sybil Thomas, Viscountess RhonddaUnited Kingdom18571941Suffragette
1800–1874Flora TristanFrance18031844Socialist feminist[11]
1800–1874Harriet TubmanUnited States18201913First-wave feminist[29]
1800–1874Thorstein VeblenUnited States18571929Economist; sociologist; male[19]
1800–1874Alice VickeryUnited Kingdom18441929Physician, supporter of birth control as means of emancipation of women[67]
1800–1874Beatrice WebbUnited Kingdom18581943Socialist feminist
1800–1874Ida B. WellsUnited States18621931Civil rights and anti-lynching activist, suffragist noted for her refusal to avoid media attention because she was African American
1800–1874Anna WhitlockSweden18521930Feminist, suffragette; school pioneer, journalist
1800–1874Karolina WiderströmSweden18561949Suffragette
1800–1874Frances WillardUnited States18391898Suffragist and organizer, Socialist feminist; suffragette
1800–1874Charlotte WilsonUnited Kingdom18541944radical feminist
1800–1874Victoria WoodhullUnited States18381927First-wave feminist; suffragist, organizer, innovator, first woman to run for U.S. presidency[19][29]
1800–1874Frederick DouglassUnited Statesc.18181895Male suffragist[19]
1800–1874Caroline KauffmannFrancec. 1840s1924[13]
1800–1874Natalie ZahleDenmark18271913Working for women's right to education.[68]
1800–1874Puah RakovskyPoland - Israel18651955Empowerment of women[69]

Late 19th-century and early 20th-century feminists

Born between 1875 and 1939.

Period (birth) Name Country Born Died Comments Source
1875–1939Bella AbzugUnited States19201998Second-wave feminist[13]
1875–1939Ángela Acuña BraunCosta Rica18881983[13]
1875–1939Madeleine AlbrightUnited States, Czechoslovakia193764th United States Secretary of State, and at the time, the highest ranking woman in US history. She is a staunch supporter of the feminist cause.
1875–1939Wim Hora AdemaNetherlands19141998Second-wave feminist; radical feminist[70]
1875–1939Alan AldaUnited States1936[71]
1875–1939Dolores AlexanderUnited States19312008Anti-pornography feminist[72]
1875–1939Maya AngelouUnited States19282014Civil rights activist[13]
1875–1939Margery Corbett AshbyUnited Kingdom18821981Suffragette[14]
1875–1939Ksenija AtanasijevićSerbia18941981Suffragette; philosopher; first PhD in a Serbian university
1875–1939Ti-Grace AtkinsonUnited States1938Second-wave feminist[13][29][72]
1875–1939Margaret AtwoodCanada1939Third-wave feminist[13][29]
1875–1939Helene AylonUnited States1931Ecofeminist[29][72]
1875–1939Eva BaconAustralia19091994Feminist and Socialist
1875–1939Faith BandlerAustralia19182015Feminist and civil rights activist
1875–1939Lois W. BannerUnited States1939
1875–1939Thelma BateAustralia19041984Community leader, advocate for inclusion of Aboriginal women in Country Women's Association
1875–1939Rosalyn BaxandallUnited States19392015Second-wave feminist; radical feminist; New York Radical Women
1875–1939Mary Ritter BeardUnited States18761958Feminist; historian[13][19]
1875–1939Joan BeauchampUnited Kingdom18901964Suffragette
1875–1939Kay BeauchampUnited Kingdom18991992
1875–1939Simone de BeauvoirFrance19081986Second-wave feminist; philosopher; writer[13][29]
1875–1939Helen BentwichUnited Kingdom18921972[73]
1875–1939Rosa May BillinghurstUnited Kingdom18751953Suffragette[42]
1875–1939Teresa Billington-GreigUnited Kingdom18771964Suffragette[42]
1875–1939Dorothy Lee BoldenUnited States19232002Trade unionist
1865–1964Jeanne BouvierFrance18651964Feminist; trade unionist[74]
1875–1939Elsie BowermanUnited Kingdom18891973Suffragette[42]
1875–1939Helen Gurley BrownUnited States19222012Author of Sex and the Single Girl, long-time editor of Cosmopolitan
1875–1939Stella BrowneCanada18801955Socialist feminist
1875–1939Susan BrownmillerUnited States1935Second-wave feminist ; anti-pornography feminist; radical feminist[29][72]
1875–1939Katherine BurdekinUnited Kingdom18961963
1875–1939Lucy BurnsUnited States18791966Suffragette; suffragist and women's rights activist
1875–1939Karlyn Kohrs CampbellUnited States1937[13]
1875–1939Clara CampoamorSpain18881972[13]
1875–1939Luisa CapetilloPuerto Rico18791922Puerto Rican labor union suffragette; jailed for wearing pants in public[13]
1875–1939Liz CarpenterUnited States19202010
1875–1939Elvia Carrillo PuertoMexico18781967[13]
1875–1939Florence Fernet-MartelCanada18921986Second-wave feminist; suffragette; educator, mostly active in Quebec[75]
1875–1939Thérèse CasgrainCanada18961981Second-wave feminist; suffragette; politician and senator, mostly active in Quebec[13][29]
1875–1939Jacqueline CeballosUnited States1925Founder of Veteran Feminists of America[72]
1875–1939Enid CharlesUnited Kingdom18941972radical feminist
1875–1939Shirley St Hill ChisholmUnited States19242005Second-wave feminist[13]
1875–1939Hélène CixousFrance1937[13][29]
1875–1939Margaret "Gretta" CousinsIreland18781954Irish-Indian suffragist, established All India Women's Conference, co-founded Irish Women's Franchise League
1875–1939Eva CoxAustralia1938Sociologist; long-time member of the Women's Electoral Lobby
1875–1939Jill CraigieUnited Kingdom19111999Socialist feminist
1875–1939Minnie Fisher CunninghamUnited States18821964
1875–1939Thelma Dailey-StoutUnited States19182005Civil rights activist and organizer
1875–1939Hamid DalwaiIndia19321977Socialist feminist
1875–1939Mary DalyUnited States19282010Second-wave feminist; Ecofeminist[29]
1875–1939Sonja DaviesNew Zealand19232005Second-wave feminist
1875–1939Alicia Moreau de JustoArgentina18851986Socialist feminist[76]
1875–1939Agnes de SilvaSri Lanka18851961Pioneered women's suffrage issues in Sri Lanka.[13]
1875–1939Barbara DemingUnited States19171984
1875–1939Ezlynn DeraniyagalaSri Lanka19081973[13]
1875–1939Betty DodsonUnited States1929Third-wave feminist; sex-positive feminist[72]
1875–1939Sediqeh DowlatabadiIran18821962Journalist and women's rights activist
1875–1939Carol DownerUnited States1933Second-wave feminist; founder of women's self-help movement, feminist, author, health activist, attorney[29]
1875–1939Roxanne Dunbar-OrtizUnited States1939Radical feminist
1875–1939Crystal EastmanUnited States18811928Socialist feminist
1875–1939Françoise d'EaubonneFrance19202005Ecofeminist[77]
1875–1939Esther EillamIsrael1939Second-wave feminist, Mizrahi feminist, major founder of Israel's feminist movement
1875–1939Norah ElamUnited Kingdom, Ireland18781961Radical feminist; suffragette
1875–1939Cynthia EnloeUnited States1938Second-wave feminist
1875–1939Mohtaram EskandariIran18951924Woman's rights activist, founder of "Jam'iat e nesvan e vatan-khah" (Society of Patriotic Women
1875–1939Vilma EspínCuba19302007[13]
1875–1939Elizabeth EvattAustralia1933Legal reformist and juror; first Australian to be elected to the United Nations Human Rights Committee
1875–1939Myrlie Evers-WilliamsUnited States1933Second-wave feminist
1875–1939Leonora EylesUnited Kingdom18891960Author, "agony aunt"
1875–1939Lidia FalcónSpain1935[13]
1875–1939Frances FarrerUnited Kingdom18951977
1875–1939Geraldine FerraroUnited States19352011[13]
1875–1939Ana FigueroChile19081970[13]
1875–1939Marianne GithensUnited States19362018Political scientist, author[78]
1875–1939Elizabeth Gurley FlynnUnited States18901964Socialist feminist; suffragette
1875–1939Elizabeth "Betty" Bloomer FordUnited States19182011Second-wave feminist
1875–1939Gerald FordUnited States19132006Second-wave feminist
1875–1939Miles FranklinAustralia18791954Feminist; writer
1875–1939Clara FraserUnited States19231998Second-wave feminist; radical feminist
1875–1939Elisabeth FreemanUnited States18761942Suffragist and civil rights activist, participated in the Suffrage Hikes
1875–1939Marilyn FrenchUnited States19292009Second-wave feminist; radical feminist[29]
1875–1939Betty FriedanUnited States19212006Second-wave feminist; writer[29]
1875–1939Carol GilliganUnited States1936Second-wave feminist[29]
1875–1939Françoise GiroudFrance19162003Journalist, writer, politician
1875–1939Judy GoldsmithUnited States1938President of the National Organization for Women (NOW) from 1982 to 1985
1875–1939Jane GoodallUnited Kingdom1934
1875–1939Vivian GornickUnited States1935Radical feminist[72]
1875–1939Lois GouldUnited States19312002
1875–1939Jane GrantUnited States18921972
1875–1939Colette GuillauminFrance19342017
1875–1939Tahar HaddadTunisia18971935Muslim feminist
1875–1939Lizzy Lind af HagebySweden18781963
1875–1939Charlotte HaldaneUnited Kingdom18941969
1875–1939Gisèle HalimiFrance1927
1875–1939Zaib-un-Nissa HamidullahIndia19212000Muslim feminist
1875–1939Bertha HarrisUnited States19372005Second-wave feminist
1875–1939Caroline HaslettUnited Kingdom18951957
1875–1939He XiangningChina18781972Revolutionary, feminist
1875–1939Dorothy HewettAustralia19232002Second-wave feminist
1875–1939Julka Hlapec-ĐorđevićSerbia18821969Suffragette; writer[79]
1875–1939Nicole HollanderUnited States1939
1875–1939Pak Hon-yongSouth Korea19001956
1875–1939Mary HowellUnited States19321998
1875–1939Edith How-MartynUnited Kingdom18751954Suffragette
1875–1939Fatima Ahmed IbrahimSudan19332017Muslim feminist
1875–1939Fusae IchikawaJapan18931981[13]
1875–1939Luce IrigarayFrance1930[29]
1875–1939Sonia JohnsonUnited States1936
1875–1939Jill JohnstonUnited States19292010
1875–1939Claudia JonesUnited Kingdom, United States, Trinidad and Tobago19151964Suffragette
1875–1939Rosalie Gardiner JonesUnited States18831978Organizer of the Suffrage Hikes
1875–1939Marie JuchaczGermany18791956[80]
1875–1939Raden Adjeng KartiniIndonesia18791904Muslim feminist; Javanese advocate for native Indonesian women, critic of polygamous marriages and lack of education opportunities for women[13]
1875–1939Shidzue KatōJapan18972001Second-wave feminist[13]
1875–1939Aoua KéitaMali19121980
1875–1939Florynce KennedyUnited States19162000Second-wave feminist
1875–1939Annie KenneyUnited Kingdom18791953Suffragette
1875–1939Yamakawa KikueJapan18901980Socialist feminist; anti-prostitution feminist
1875–1939Coretta Scott KingUnited States19272006Second-wave feminist
1875–1939Mabel Ping-Hua LeeUnited States18961966Suffragist; first Chinese woman to earn a PhD from Columbia University
1875–1939Gerda LernerAustria19202013
1875–1939Audre LordeUnited States19341992Third-wave feminist[13]
1875–1939Mina LoyUnited Kingdom18821966
1875–1939Rae LuckockCanada18931972Socialist feminist
1875–1939Margaret Mackworth, 2nd Viscountess RhonddaUnited Kingdom18831958Suffragette
1875–1939Agnes MacphailCanada18901954
1875–1939Dora MarsdenUnited Kingdom18821960
1875–1939Elizabeth Holloway MarstonUnited Kingdom18931993
1875–1939William Moulton MarstonUnited States18931947
1875–1939Nicole-Claude MathieuFrance19372014Empress French feminist; material feminist[29]
1875–1939Else MayerGermany18911962First-wave feminist
1875–1939Antonia MaymónSpain18811959
1875–1939Carolyn MerchantUnited States1936Ecofeminist
1875–1939Maria MiesGermany1931Ecofeminist; professor of sociology and author[81]
1875–1939Inez MilhollandUnited States18861916Key participant in the National Woman's Party and the Woman Suffrage Parade of 1913
1875–1939Kate MillettUnited States19342017Second-wave feminist[29]
1875–1939Laure MoghaizelLebanon19291997Lebanese lawyer and women's rights advocate
1875–1939Florence NagleUnited Kingdom18941988Feminist; first woman in Britain to officially train racehorses.[82]
1875–1939Diane NashUnited States19381960s Civil Rights Movement leader and organizer, voting rights proponent
1875–1939Malak Hifni NasifEgypt18861918Feminist writer[83]
1875–1939Anaïs NinUnited States, France19031977
1875–1939Helena NormantonUnited Kingdom18821957
1875–1939Alexis NourRomania18771940
1875–1939Yoko OnoUnited States, Japan1933
1875–1939Alicia OstrikerUnited States1937Third-wave feminist
1875–1939Grace PaleyUnited States19222007
1875–1939Adela PankhurstUnited Kingdom18851961
1875–1939Christabel PankhurstUnited Kingdom18801958Suffragette; co-founder and leader of the Women's Social and Political Union
1875–1939Sylvia PankhurstUnited Kingdom18821960Suffragette
1875–1939Frances ParkerUnited Kingdom18751924
1875–1939Alice PaulUnited States18851977One of the leaders of the 1910s Women's Voting Rights Movement for the 19th Amendment; founder of National Woman's Party, initiator of the Silent Sentinels and the 1913 Women's Suffrage Parade, author of the proposed Equal Rights Amendment
1875–1939Eva PerónArgentina19191952[11]
1875–1939Frédérique PetridesUnited States, Belgium19031983Feminist; pioneering orchestral conductor, activist and editor of Women in Music, a series of periodicals chronicling the activities of women in music
1875–1939Marion PhillipsUnited Kingdom18811932Suffragette
1875–1939Sylvia PlathUnited States19321963
1875–1939Val PlumwoodAustralia19392008Ecofeminism[84]
1875–1939Letty Cottin PogrebinUnited States1939
1875–1939Eileen PowellAustralia19131997Trade unionist, women's activist and important contributor to the Equal Pay for Equal Work decision
1875–1939Millicent Preston-StanleyAustralia18831955First female member of the NSW Legislative Assembly; campaigned for the custodial rights of mothers in divorce and women's healthcare
1875–1939Lorine Livingston PruetteUnited States18961977
1875–1939Funmilayo Ransome-KutiNigeria19001978Foremost Nigerian women's rights activist
1875–1939Claire RaynerUnited Kingdom19312010
1875–1939Adrienne RichUnited States19292012
1875–1939Mary RichardsonUnited Kingdom18891961Suffragette
1875–1939Léa RobackCanada19032000Feminist; workers' union activist tied with the communist party
1875–1939Hilary RoseUnited Kingdom1935
1875–1939Agnes Maude RoydenUnited Kingdom18761956Suffragette
1875–1939Florence RushUnited States19182008
1875–1939Joanna RussUnited States19372011Second-wave feminist
1875–1939Diana E. H. RussellSouth Africa1938Second-wave feminist; radical feminist;anti-pornography feminist
1875–1939Dora RussellUnited Kingdom18941986Feminist; progressive campaigner, advocate of marriage reform, birth control and female emancipation
1875–1939Manuel SacristánSpain19251985Socialist feminist
1875–1939Nawal el-SadaawiEgypt1931Muslim feminist[13]
1875–1939Idola Saint-JeanCanada18801945Suffragette; journalist
1875–1939Celia SánchezCuba19201980Early pioneer feminist[29]
1875–1939Flora SandesUnited Kingdom18761956Feminist Sgt. Major in Serbian Army
1875–1939Margaret SangerUnited States18791966Socialist feminist; Founder of American Birth Control League; co-founder and long-time president of Planned Parenthood; writer, nurse[19]
1875–1939Milunka SavićSerbia18881973First European combatant, soldier, feminist
1875–1939Rosika SchwimmerHungary18771948Pacifist, feminist, suffragist and diplomat
1875–1939Barbara SeamanUnited States19352008
1875–1939Baroness SeearUnited Kingdom19131997
1875–1939Huda ShaarawiEgypt18791947Muslim feminist; organizer for the Mubarrat Muhammad Ali (women's social service organization), the Union of Educated Egyptian Women and the Wafdist Women's Central Committee, founder and first president of the Egyptian Feminist Union
1875–1939Alix Kates ShulmanUnited States1932Radical feminist
1875–1939Ruth SimpsonUnited States19262008
1875–1939Monica SjööSweden19382005Ecofeminist
1875–1939Eleanor SmealUnited States1939Second-wave feminist; organizer, initiator, president of NOW, founder and president of the Feminist Majority Foundation
1875–1939Valerie SolanasUnited States19361988Radical feminist
1875–1939Jo SpenceUnited Kingdom19341992
1875–1939Gloria SteinemUnited States1934Second-wave feminist; Socialist feminist; radical feminist; anti-pornography feminist; writer
1875–1939Doris StevensUnited States18921963Organizer for National American Women Suffrage Association and the National Woman's Party, prominent Silent Sentinels participant, author Jailed for Freedom
1875–1939Sandy StoneUnited States1936Transfeminist; Second-wave feminist; Theorist, author, and performance artist
1875–1939Marie StopesUnited Kingdom18801958
1875–1939Mary StottUnited Kingdom19072002
1875–1939Jessie StreetAustralia18891970Suffragette, feminist; human rights campaigner; influential in labour rights and early days of UN
1875–1939Edith Summerskill, Baroness SummerskillUnited Kingdom19011980
1875–1939Maya SurdutsFrance19372016Human rights activist, feminist and reproductive rights campaigner[85]
1875–1939Maria SvolouGreece1890s1976Socialist feminist[86]
1875–1939Elisabeth TammSweden18801958
1875–1939Mavis TateUnited Kingdom18931947
1875–1939Joan Kennedy TaylorUnited States19262005
1875–1939Renee TaylorNew Zealand1929Socialist feminist
1875–1939Tcheng Yu-hsiuChina18911959Revolutionary
1875–1939Rini TempletonUnited States19351986Socialist feminist
1875–1939Dorothy ThompsonUnited States18931961Buffalo and New York suffragist, later an influential journalist and radio broadcaster
1875–1939Winifred TodhunterUnited Kingdom18771961
1875–1939Jill TweedieUnited Kingdom19361993
1875–1939Mabel VernonUnited States18831975Suffragist, principal member of the Congressional Union for Women Suffrage, major organizer for the Silent Sentinels
1875–1939Roosje VosThe Netherlands18761961Trade unionist, suffragist and politician[87]
1875–1939Harriet Shaw WeaverUnited Kingdom18601932Suffragette
1875–1939Nesta Helen WebsterUnited Kingdom18761960
1875–1939Louise WeissFrance18931983Journalist, writer, politician[88]
1875–1939Trude Weiss-RosmarinUnited States, Germany19081989
1875–1939Clara WichmannNetherlands, Germany,18851922radical feminist
1875–1939Audrey WiseUnited Kingdom19352000
1875–1939Monique WittigFrance19352003[89]
1875–1939Nellie WongUnited States1934Socialist feminist
1875–1939Virginia WoolfUnited Kingdom18821941First-wave feminist[19][29]
1875–1939Molly YardUnited States19122005Second-wave feminist
1875–1939Adelina ZendejasMexico19091993Socialist feminist[90]

Mid to late 20th-century feminists

Born between 1940 and 1999.

Period (birth) Name Country Born Died Comments Source
1940–1999Lesley AbdelaUnited Kingdom1945Expert on women's rights and representation[13]
1940–1999Brooke AckerlyUnited States1966Expert on feminist theory, feminist international relations, and scholar activism[91][92][93]
1940–1999Carol J. AdamsUnited States1951Ecofeminist[94]
1940–1999Chimamanda Ngozi AdichieNigeria& United States1977Writer, social commentator, feminist author
1940–1999Haleh Afshar, Baroness AfsharUnited Kingdom1944Muslim feminist, professor of politics and women's studies, member of the British House of Lords[95]
1940–1999Leila AhmedEgypt1940Writer on Islam Islamic feminism[96]
1940–1999Sara AhmedUnited Kingdom1969British-Australian academic working at the intersection of feminist theory, queer theory, critical race theory and postcolonialism
1940–1999Widad AkrawiDenmark1969Writer and doctor, advocate for gender equality and women's empowerment and participation in peace building and post-conflict governance[97]
1940–1999Linda Martín AlcoffUnited States1955Philosopher at the City University of New York[98]
1940–1999Ayaan Hirsi AliUnited States, Netherlands, Somalia,1969Somali-Dutch feminist and atheist activist, writer and politician[99]
1940–1999Pam AllenUnited States1943A founder of New York Radical Women[100]
1940–1999Isabel AllendeChile, United States1942Writer[101]
1940–1999Jane AlpertUnited States1947Radical feminist[102]
1940–1999Tori AmosUnited States1963Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Barbara AndersonUnited States1940Critic and former researcher of the Watchtower Bible and Tract society of Jehovah's Witnesses; Feminist in the community of Ex-Jehovah's Witnesses[103][104]
1940–1999Gloria E. AnzaldúaUnited States19422004Third-wave feminist[29]
1940–1999Maria ArbatovaUSSR1957
1940–1999Parvin ArdalanIran1967Women's rights activist
1940–1999Élisabeth BadinterFrance1944Dissident[105][106]
1940–1999Judi BariUnited States19491997Ecofeminist[29]
1940–1999Kathleen BarryUnited States1941Anti-prostitution feminist
1940–1999Benedetta BarziniItaly1943Radical feminist
1940–1999Jennifer BaumgardnerUnited States1970Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Alison BechdelUnited States1960Cartoonist, author; creator of the Bechdel test
1940–1999Melissa BennUnited Kingdom1957Third-wave feminist[29]
1940–1999Magdalen BernsUnited Kingdom19832019Radical feminist; opposed decriminalization of sex work, gender identity politics, and transgender activism
1940–1999Julie BindelUnited Kingdom1962Anti-pornography feminist
1940–1999Kat BlaqueUnited States1990Transfeminist, Third-wave feminist, Vlogger
1940–1999Rosie BoycottUnited Kingdom1951
1940–1999Dionne BrandCanada1953
1940–1999Giannina BraschiPuerto Rico1953Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Johanna BrennerUnited States1942Socialist feminist
1940–1999Susie BrightUnited States1958Third-wave feminist; sex-positive feminism[29]
1940–1999Flora BrovinaKosovo1949
1940–1999Rita Mae BrownUnited States1944Second-wave feminist; radical feminist; Redstockings[72]
1940–1999Carrie BrownsteinUnited States1974Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Tammy BruceUnited States1962Dissident feminist[29]
1940–1999Charlotte BunchUnited States1944Second-wave feminist
1940–1999Louise Burfitt-DonsUnited Kingdom1953Conservative feminist
1940–1999Judith ButlerUnited States1956Third-wave feminist[13][29]
1940–1999Octavia ButlerUnited States19472006
1940–1999Lydia CachoMexico1963
1940–1999Beatrix CampbellUnited Kingdom1947Second-wave feminist
1940–1999Angela CarterUnited Kingdom19401992Socialist feminist[13]
1940–1999Ana CastilloUnited States1953
1940–1999Phyllis CheslerUnited States1940Feminist author, professor[72]
1940–1999Margaret ChoUnited States1968Third-wave feminist[29]
1940–1999Nancy ChodorowUnited States1944[13]
1940–1999Hillary ClintonUnited States1947
1940–1999Kurt CobainUnited States19671994Feminist musician
1940–1999Susan G. ColeCanada1952Anti-pornography feminist
1940–1999Patricia Hill CollinsUnited States1948Third-wave feminist; Black feminist
1940–1999Sandra ConeyNew Zealand1944Second-wave feminist
1940–1999Noreen ConnellUnited States1947radical feminist
1940–1999Jeanne CórdovaUnited States19482016Second-wave feminist; lesbian and gay rights activist
1940–1999Rosalind CowardUnited Kingdom1952
1940–1999Laverne CoxUnited States1972Transfeminist[107]
1940–1999Bernadette CozartUnited States19492009Ecofeminist[29]
1940–1999Nikki CraftUnited States1949Radical feminist; anti-pornography feminist; suffragist; one of the main organizers of the Suffrage Hikes[29]
1940–1999Jean CurthoysAustralia1947Dissident[29]
1940–1999Kimberly DarkUnited States1968Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Françoise DavidCanada1948Feminist; politician
1940–1999Angela DavisUnited States1944Second-wave feminist; Black feminist[29]
1940–1999Geena DavisUnited States1956Actor, founder of Geena Davis Institute on Gender in Media[108]
1940–1999Martha DavisUnited States1957Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Marie-Laure Sauty de ChalonFrance1962Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Christine DelphyFrance1941Socialist feminist; material feminist[109]
1940–1999Julie DelpyFrance1969
1940–1999Mark DeryUnited States1959Third-wave feminist; cyberfeminist
1940–1999Ani DiFrancoUnited States1970Third-wave feminist[29]
1940–1999Gail DinesUnited Kingdomc.1958Anti-pornography feminist
1940–1999Unity DowBotswana1959Judge and writer; plaintiff in a case that allowed children of Motswana women and foreign men to be considered Batswana
1940–1999Carol Ann DuffyUnited Kingdom1955
1940–1999Stephen DurhamUnited States1947Socialist feminist
1940–1999Andrea DworkinUnited States19462005Radical feminist ; anti-prostitution feminist; anti-pornography feminist[29][110]
1940–1999Shirin EbadiIran1947Muslim feminist; activist, Nobel Peace Prize winner for her efforts for the rights of women and children
1940–1999Barbara EhrenreichUnited States1941Socialist feminist
1940–1999Beth ElliottUnited States1950Transfeminist, Second-wave feminist, folk-singer, activist, and writer
1940–1999Misako EnokiJapan1945Second-wave feminist[111]
1940–1999Susan FaludiUnited States1959Second-wave feminist[29]
1940–1999Fadia FaqirUnited Kingdom, Jordan1956
1940–1999Melissa FarleyUnited States1942Second-wave feminist; radical feminist; anti-pornography feminist[29]
1940–1999Johanna FatemanUnited States1974Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Kathy FergusonUnited States1950Individualist feminist[29]
1940–1999Shulamith FirestoneCanada19452012Second-wave feminist; radical feminist; Redstockings; New York Radical Feminists; New York Radical Women[29]
1940–1999Estelle FreedmanUnited States1947Second-wave feminist
1940–1999Jo Freeman (Joreen)United States1945Second-wave feminist[29]
1940–1999Juliette FrettéUnited States1983Sex-positive feminist
1940–1999Marilyn FryeUnited States1941
1940–1999Lindsey GermanUnited Kingdom1951
1940–1999Tavi GevinsonUnited States1996Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Lois Marie GibbsUnited States1951Ecofeminist
1940–1999Stan GoffUnited States1951Socialist feminist
1940–1999Lucy GoodisonUnited Kingdomc. 1940s
1940–1999Heide Göttner-AbendrothGermany1941Second-wave feminist[112]
1940–1999John GreenUnited States1977[113]
1940–1999Germaine GreerUnited Kingdom1939Second-wave feminist
1940–1999Susan GriffinUnited States1943Ecofeminist; anti-pornography feminist
1940–1999Miss Major Griffin-GracyUnited States1940Transfeminist
1940–1999Emily HainesCanada1974Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Daphne HampsonUnited Kingdom1944
1940–1999Kathleen HannaUnited States1968Third-wave feminist; riot grrrl
1940–1999Donna HarawayUnited States1944Second-wave feminist; Socialist feminist[29]
1940–1999Nancy HartsockUnited States1943Second-wave feminist
1940–1999Rosemary HennessyUnited States1950Material feminist
1940–1999Shere HiteGermany1942
1940–1999Sarah HoaglandUnited States1945Anti-pornography feminist[114]
1940–1999Risa Hontiveros-BaraquelPhilippines1966Filipina women's right activist Philippines
1940–1999Gillian HowieUnited Kingdom19552013
1940–1999Donna M. HughesUnited States1954Third-wave feminist; cyberfeminist; anti-pornography feminist
1940–1999Holly HunterUnited States1958Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Anna HutsolUKR1984FEMEN
1940–1999Stevi JacksonUnited Kingdom1951Material feminist
1940–1999Karla JayUnited States1947
1940–1999Kirthi JayakumarIndia1987Intersectional Feminist[115]
1940–1999Sheila JeffreysAustralia1948Second-wave feminist; anti-pornography feminist
1940–1999Robert JensenUnited States1958Anti-pornography feminist
1940–1999Joan JettUnited States1958Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Claire JohnstonUnited Kingdom19401987
1940–1999Miranda JulyUnited States1974Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Mohja KahfSyria1967Muslim feminist
1940–1999Sheema KalbasiIran1972Writer and advocate for human rights and gender equality
1940–1999Wendy KaminerUnited States1949Anti-pornography feminist
1940–1999Marcelle KarpUnited States1962Third-wave feminist; sex-positive feminist
1940–1999Roz KaveneyUnited Kingdom1949Transfeminist; Writer, critic, and poet
1940–1999Jamie KeilesUnited States1992Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Lierre KeithUnited States1964Anti-pornography feminist; Radical feminist
1940–1999Petra KellyGermany19471992Ecofeminist[13]
1940–1999Jean KilbourneUnited States1943Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Grace Ji-Sun KimUnited States, South Korea1969Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Sirje KingseppEstonia1969Socialist feminist
1940–1999Barbara KingsolverUnited States1955Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Anne KleinGermany19412011Berlin Senator for women, youth and family
1940–1999Bonnie Sherr KleinUnited States1941Anti-pornography feminist
1940–1999Naomi KleinCanada1970Socialist feminist
1940–1999Anne KoedtUnited States1941Second-wave feminist; radical feminist; Redstockings; New York Radical Feminists; New York Radical Women
1940–1999Elaheh KoulaeiIran1956Muslim feminist
1940–1999Sunitha KrishnanIndia1972Indian social activist and chief functionary and co-founder of Prajwala, an institution that assists trafficked women, girls and transgender people in finding shelter, giving education and employment
1940–1999Julia KristevaFrance, Bulgaria1941[29]
1940–1999Winona LaDukeUnited States1959Ecofeminist[11]
1940–1999Laura LedererUnited States1951Anti-pornography feminist
1940–1999John LennonUnited Kingdom19401980
1940–1999Ellie LevensonUnited Kingdom1978
1940–1999Ariel LevyUnited States1974Third-wave feminist; anti-pornography feminist
1940–1999Olga LipovskayaRussia1954[13]
1940–1999Jacqueline LivingstonUnited States1943Second-wave feminist
1940–1999Linda LovelaceUnited States19492002Anti-pornography feminist
1940–1999Wangari MaathaiKenya19402011Ecofeminist
1940–1999Nida MahmoedPakistan1993Pakistan-based feminist English poet[116]
1940–1999Catharine MacKinnonUnited States1946Anti-pornography feminist
1940–1999MadonnaUnited States1958sex-positive feminist
1940–1999Patricia MainardiUnited States1942Second-wave feminist; radical feminist; Redstockings; New York Radical Women[13]
1940–1999Sara MaitlandUnited Kingdom1950
1940–1999Catherine MalabouFrance1959
1940–1999Irshad ManjiCanada1968Muslim feminist
1940–1999Soe Tjen MarchingIndonesia1971
1940–1999Amanda MarcotteUnited States1977
1940–1999Mirjana MarkovićSerbia1942Politician; writer
1940–1999Angela MasonUnited Kingdom1944Second-wave feminist
1940–1999Liza MazaPhilippines1957Socialist feminist
1940–1999Susan McClaryUnited States1946
1940–1999Deirdre McCloskeyUnited States1942Feminist economist[117]
1940–1999Wendy McElroyCanada1951
1940–1999Patricia McFaddenSwaziland1952Radical feminist
1940–1999Angela McRobbieUnited Kingdom1951
1940–1999Rigoberta MenchúGuatemala1959[13]
1940–1999Fatima MernissiMorocco1940Muslim feminist
1940–1999Juliet MitchellUnited Kingdom1940Socialist feminist
1940–1999Hayao MiyazakiJapan1941Socialist feminist
1940–1999Tracey MoberlyUnited Kingdom1964
1940–1999Janet MockUnited States1983Transfeminist[118]
1940–1999Chandra Talpade MohantyIndia1955Postcolonial and Transnational feminism theorist
1940–1999Maxine MolyneuxUnited Kingdom1948
1940–1999Cherríe MoragaUnited States1952
1940–1999Caitlin MoranUnited Kingdom1975
1940–1999Robin MorganUnited States1941Second-wave feminist; radical feminist; anti-pornography feminist; New York Radical Women[110]
1940–1999Bonnie J. MorrisUnited States1961Feminist scholar, author; women's movement, lesbian culture, and women's music historian
1940–1999Laura MulveyUnited Kingdom1941
1940–1999Sally Rowena MuntUnited Kingdom1960Feminist academic and lesbian theorist, author of Heroic Desire: Lesbian Identity and Cultural Space (1998)
1940–1999Jenni MurrayUnited Kingdom1950
1940–1999Inga MuscioUnited Statesc.1966Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Kathy NajimyUnited States1957Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Suniti NamjoshiIndia1941Third-wave feminist; cyberfeminist
1940–1999Uma NarayanUnited States1958Postcolonial feminist
1940–1999Taslima NasrinBangladesh1962Feminist of Muslim origin
1940–1999Asra NomaniIndia1965Muslim feminist
1940–1999Isa NoyolaUnited States1978Transfeminist, Latina transgender activist and national leader in the LGBT immigrant rights movement
1940–1999Martha NussbaumUnited States1947
1940–1999Ann OakleyUnited Kingdom1944Second-wave feminist
1940–1999Sandra OhCanada, United States1971Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Lars OhlySweden1957Socialist feminist
1940–1999Terry O'NeillUnited Statesc.1953
1940–1999Ellen PageCanada1987Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Camille PagliaUnited States1947Dissident feminist, academic, author of Sexual Personae: Art and Decadence from Nefertiti to Emily Dickinson (1990)[29]
1940–1999Amanda PalmerUnited States1976Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Carole PatemanUnited Kingdom1940
1940–1999Nancy Paterson (artist)United States19532010Third-wave feminist; cyberfeminist
1940–1999PeachesCanada1966Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Sue PerlgutUnited StatesSecond-wave feminist; poet
1940–1999Vesna PešićSerbia1940Feminist; diplomat; politician
1940–1999Irene PeslikisUnited States19432002Second-wave feminist; radical feminist; Redstockings; New York Radical Women
1940–1999Liz PhairUnited States1967Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Mary PipherUnited States1947Second-wave feminist
1940–1999Katha PollittUnited States1949
1940–1999Griselda PollockCanada1949Second-wave feminist
1940–1999Soraya PostSweden1956
1940–1999Anastasia PowellAustralia1982Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Manasi PradhanIndia1962
1940–1999Sharon PresleyUnited States1943Individualist feminist[29]
1940–1999Maria RahaUnited States1972Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Janice RaymondUnited States1943Second-wave feminist; anti-prostitution feminist
1940–1999Bernice Johnson ReagonUnited States1942Second-wave feminist
1940–1999Helen ReddyUnited States, Australia,1941Second-wave feminist
1940–1999Tucker ReedUnited States1989Student leader in the Title IX and campus rape awareness movement, founder of the national organization Student Coalition Against Rape; author of books notable for their realistic depiction of characters with social development disorders
1940–1999Elizabeth Anne ReidAustralia1942World's first advisor on women's affairs to a head of state (Labour Prime Minister Gough Whitlam and active on women's development for the UN; also prominent in HIV activism
1940–1999Abby RockefellerUnited States1943Radical feminist
1940–1999Ninotchka RoscaPhilippines1946Socialist feminist
1940–1999Jacqueline RoseUnited Kingdom1949
1940–1999Sheila RowbothamUnited Kingdom1943Second-wave feminist
1940–1999Gayle RubinUnited States1949Sex-positive feminist; Queer theorist
1940–1999Alzira RufinoBrazilFeminist and activist associated with the Black Movement
1940–1999Shadi SadrIran1975Women's rights activist
1940–1999Gita SahgalUnited Kingdom, India1956/7
1940–1999Sarojini SahooIndia1956
1940–1999JD SamsonUnited States1978Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Michael SandelUnited States1953
1940–1999Justin SaneUnited States, Ireland1973Socialist feminist
1940–1999Thomas SankaraBurkina Faso19491987
1940–1999Kathie SarachildUnited States1943Second-wave feminist; radical feminist; Redstockings; New York Radical Women
1940–1999Anita SarkeesianUnited States, Canadac.1984
1940–1999Marjane SatrapiFrance, Iran1969Muslim feminist[119]
1940–1999John ScalziUnited States1969[120]
1940–1999Alice SchwarzerGermany1942Second-wave feminist; anti-pornography feminist; journalist and publisher of the magazine Emma
1940–1999Gudrun SchymanSweden1948Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Lynne SegalAustralia1944Second-wave feminist; Socialist feminist
1940–1999Julia SeranoUnited States1967Transfeminist[121]
1940–1999Shamima ShaikhSouth Africa19601998South African activist, member of the Muslim Youth Movement of South Africa, proponent of Islamic gender equality
1940–1999Shahla SherkatIran1956Muslim feminist; journalist
1940–1999Vicki ShiranIsrael19472004Mizrahi feminist
1940–1999Vandana ShivaIndia1952Ecofeminist
1940–1999Elaine ShowalterUnited States1941
1940–1999Ann SimontonUnited States1952Second-wave feminist; radical feminist; anti-pornography feminist
1940–1999Carol SmartUnited Kingdom1948
1940–1999Barbara SmithUnited States1946
1940–1999Joan SmithUnited Kingdom1953Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Valerie SmithCanada1956Anti-pornography feminist
1940–1999Kate SmurthwaiteUnited Kingdom1975
1940–1999Cornelia SollfrankGermany1960Third-wave feminist; cyberfeminist
1940–1999Patricia SoltysikUnited States19501974Radical feminist
1940–1999Christina Hoff SommersUnited States1950Dissident[29]
1940–1999Kate SoperUnited Kingdom1943
1940–1999Donita SparksUnited States1963Third-wave feminist; Riot grrrl
1940–1999Dale SpenderAustralia1943Second-wave feminist
1940–1999Charlene SpretnakUnited States1946Ecofeminist
1940–1999Annie SprinkleUnited States1954Third-wave feminist; Sex-positive feminist
1940–1999StarhawkUnited States1951Ecofeminist
1940–1999Patrick StewartUnited Kingdom1940Socialist feminist
1940–1999John StoltenbergUnited States1945Second-wave feminist; radical feminist; anti-pornography feminist
1940–1999Nadine StrossenUnited States1950Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Anne SummersAustralia1945Women's rights activist; women's advisor to Labour Prime Minister Paul Keating and editor of Ms. magazine (New York)
1940–1999Karlina Leksono SupelliIndonesia1958
1940–1999Kazimiera SzczukaPoland1966
1940–1999Lili TaylorUnited States1967Third-wave feminist[29]
1940–1999J. Ann TicknerUnited States1937
1940–1999Roya TolouiIran1966Women's rights activist
1940–1999Corin TuckerUnited States1972Third-wave feminist[29]
1940–1999Robin TunneyUnited States1972Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Urvashi VaidUnited States, India1958
1940–1999Tobi VailUnited States1969Third-wave feminist; Riot grrrl
1940–1999Jessica ValentiUnited States1978Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Virginia VargasPeru1945[122]
1940–1999Norah VincentUnited States1968Dissident feminist[29]
1940–1999Hilary WainwrightUnited Kingdom1949Second-wave feminist; Socialist feminist
1940–1999Alice WalkerUnited States1944radical feminist; Black feminist
1940–1999Rebecca WalkerUnited States1969Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Michele WallaceUnited States1952Second-wave feminist
1940–1999Natasha WalterUnited Kingdom1967Third-wave feminist
1940–1999Peng Wan-ruTaiwan19491996
1940–1999Gloria Jean Watkins ('bell hooks')United States1952Third-wave feminist; Socialist feminist; Black feminist[29]
1940–1999Emma WatsonEngland1990Actor, feminist, United Nations Women Goodwill Ambassador[123]
1940–1999Joss WhedonUnited States1964Male feminist[124][125]
1940–1999Faith WildingUnited States, Paraguay1943Third-wave feminist; cyberfeminist
1940–1999Ellen WillisUnited States19412006Second-wave feminist; radical feminist; sex-positive feminist; Redstockings; New York Radical Women
1940–1999Oprah WinfreyUnited States1954Second-wave feminist[29]
1940–1999Valerie WiseUnited Kingdom1955
1940–1999Naomi WolfUnited States1962Dissident feminist; Third-wave feminist[29]
1940–1999Allison WolfeUnited States1969Third-wave feminist[126]
1940–1999Elizabeth WurtzelUnited States1967
1940–1999Cathy YoungUnited States, Russia1963[127]
1940–1999Malala YousafzaiPakistan1997Pakistani feminist activist for female education [128]
1940–1999Stasa ZajovicSerbia1953Co-founder and coordinator of Women in Black[129]
1940–1999Julie ZeilingerUnited States1993Third-wave feminist[130]

Notable 21st-century feminists

Birth year currently unavailable.

Period (birth) Name Country Born Died Comments Source
2000–2019Lorraine BethelUnited States20th centurySecond-wave feminist[29]
2000–2019Lauran BethellUnited States20th centuryAnti-prostitution feminist
2000–2019Sandra BloodworthAustralia20th centuryLabour historian, socialist activist, co-founder of the Trotskyist organisation Socialist Alternative, editor of Marxist Left Review
2000–2019D. A. ClarkeUnited States20th centuryRadical feminist; anti-pornography feminist[29]
2000–2019Mary Clark-GlassUnited Kingdom20th century
2000–2019Carol CohnUnited States20th centuryGender and armed conflict
2000–2019Donna DreschUnited States20th centuryThird-wave feminist; Riot grrrl
2000–2019Gunilla EkbergSweden20th centuryAnti-prostitution feminist
2000–2019Mary FlanaganUnited States20th centuryThird-wave feminist; cyberfeminist
2000–2019Deborah Frances-WhiteAustralia and Great Britain20th centuryStand-up comedian; Feminist in the community of Ex-Jehovah's Witnesses[131]
2000–2019Carol HanischUnited States20th centurySecond-wave feminist; radical feminist; Redstockings; New York Radical Women[29]
2000–2019Luzviminda IlaganPhilippines20th centurySocialist feminist
2000–2019Noushin Ahmadi KhorasaniIran20th centuryMuslim feminist
2000–2019Andrew KoomanCanada20th centuryAnti-prostitution feminist; anti-pornography feminist
2000–2019Peggy KorneggerUnited States20th century
2000–2019Donna LaframboiseCanada20th century Dissident feminist[29]
2000–2019Paris LeesUnited Kingdom20th centuryTransfeminist, journalist, presenter, and transgender rights activist[132]
2000–2019Dorchen LeidholdtUnited States20th centuryAnti-pornography feminist
2000–2019Sara Hlupekile LongweZambia20th centuryradical feminist
2000–2019Jamie McIntoshCanada20th centuryLawyer and women's rights activist
2000–2019Page MellishUnited States20th centuryAnti-pornography feminist
2000–2019Honor MooreUnited States20th century
2000–2019Meghan MurphyCanada20th centuryJournalist; radical feminist; anti-sex industry feminist
2000–2019Benjamin NolotUnited States20th centuryAnti-prostitution feminist
2000–2019Jerilynn PriorCanada20th century
2000–2019Kathy RudyUnited States20th centuryEcofeminist
2000–2019Debbie StollerUnited States20th centuryThird-wave feminist; sex-positive feminist
2000–2019Lucy SuchmanUnited Kingdom20th centuryThird-wave feminist; cyberfeminist
2000–2019Helen SwornUnited Kingdom20th centuryAnti-prostitution feminist
2000–2019Kajsa WahlbergSweden20th centuryAnti-prostitution feminist; Sweden's national rapporteur on human trafficking opposition activities
2000–2019WarcryUnited States20th centuryRadical feminist
2000–2019Kaia WilsonUnited States20th centuryThird-wave feminist
2000–2019Alice WolfsonUnited States20th century
2000–2019Sande ZeigUnited States20th century[133]

See also

References

  1. Fine, Jr., John V. A. (1994). The late medieval Balkans: a critical survey from the late twelfth century to the Ottoman Conquest. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. p. 220. ISBN 9780472082605.
  2. Ndreca, Ardian (14 September 2008). "Rrënojat e Abacisë së Shirgjit dhe shpëtimi i tyne". Gazeta 55 (in Albanian). Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  3. Akkerman, T.; Stuurman, S.T. (2013). Perspectives on Political Thought in European History: From the Middle Ages to the Present. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9781134744350.
  4. Gavrilović, Zaga (2006), "Women in Serbian politics, diplomacy and art at the beginning of Ottoman rule", in Jeffreys, Elizabeth M. (ed.), Byzantine style, religion, and civilization: in honour of Sir Steven Runciman, New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 78–79, ISBN 9780521834452.
  5. Cereta, Laura (author); Robin, Diana (1997). Collected letters of a Renaissance feminist. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 9780226100135.
  6. Mansingha, Mayadhar (1962). History of Oriya literature. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi. OCLC 3713900.
  7. Agrippa, Heinrich Cornelius (1996) [1529]. Declamatio de nobilitate et praecellentia foeminei sexus [Declamation on the Nobility and Preeminence of the Female Sex] (in French). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 9780226010601. Online.
  8. Anger, Jane (1589). Jane Anger her Protection for Women. London: Richard Jones and Thomas Orwin. OCLC 646661464. Online.
  9. de Gournay, Marie (1989) [1622]. Egalité des hommes et des femmes [The equality of men and women] (in French). Paris: Côté-femmes éditions. ISBN 2907883097.
  10. Fonte, Moderata (1997). The worth of women: wherein is clearly revealed their nobility and their superiority to men. The Other Voice in Early Modern Europe. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 9780226256825. Preview.
  11. Wayne, Tiffany K. (2011). Writings from Ancient Times to the Modern World: A Global Sourcebook and History. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 9780313345807.
  12. Frédéric, Louis (2002), "Okuni", in Frédéric, Louis; Roth, Käthe (translator) (eds.), Japan encyclopedia, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, ISBN 9780674017535.
  13. Boles, Janet K.; Hoeveler, Diane Long (2004). Historical Dictionary of Feminism. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 9780810849464.
  14. Hartley, Cathy (2013). Historical Dictionary of British Women. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9781135355333.
  15. Hutner, Heidi (1993). Rereading Aphra Behn: history, theory, and criticism. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia. ISBN 9780813914435.
  16. Engberg, Kathrynn (2010). The right to write: the literary politics of Anne Bradstreet and Phillis Wheatley. Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America. ISBN 9780761846093.
  17. Göransson, Elisabet (2006). Letters of a learned lady: Sophia Elisabeth Brenner's correspondence, with an edition of her letters to and from Otto Sperling the younger. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell. ISBN 9122021574.
  18. Bénassy-Berling, Marié-Cécile (1982). Humanisme et religion chez Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz: la femme et la culture au XVIIe siècle (in French). Paris: Editions hispaniques Publications de la Sorbonne. ISBN 2853550001.
  19. Schneir, Miriam (2012). The Vintage Book Of Historical Feminism. Random House. ISBN 9781448139651.
  20. Larsson, Lisbeth (13 August 2011). "My Dear Sister and Incomparable Friend!". The History of Nordic Women's Literature. Kvinfo. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
  21. Hilden, Adda; Nørr, Erik (1993). Lærerindeuddannelse: lokalsamfundenes kamp om seminariedriften [Teacher training: local communities' struggle for colleges] (in Danish). Odense, Denmark: Odense Universitetsforlag. ISBN 8774928848.
  22. Dixon, Anne Campbell (4 May 2002). "Wales: A Tale of Two Ladies Ahead of Their Time". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
  23. DeLamotte, E.C.; Meeker, N.; O'Barr, J.F. (1997). Women Imagine Change: A Global Anthology of Women's Resistance from 600 B.C.E. to Present. Routledge. ISBN 9780415915304.
  24. Grant DePauw, Linda Grant (1998), "Nineteenth-century warfare", in Grant DePauw, Linda (ed.), Battle cries and lullabies: women in war from prehistory to the present, Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, p. 146, ISBN 9780806131009.
  25. Stephens, Sonya (2000). A History of Women's Writing in France. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521581677.
  26. Moses, Claire Goldberg (1984). French Feminism in the 19th Century. State University of New York Press. ISBN 9780873958592.
  27. Goldstein, Leslie F. (1982). "Early Feminist Themes in French Utopian Socialism: The St.-Simonians and Fourier". Journal of the History of Ideas. State University of New York Press. 43 (1): 91–108. doi:10.2307/2709162. JSTOR 2709162.
  28. Begiato, Joanne (31 May 2014). "'Let Them Talk': A Newcastle Lady in the Eighteenth Century". Joanne Begiato (Bailey) Muses on History. Archived from the original on 1 December 2015. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
  29. Tandon, Neeru (2008). "The Categories of Major Feminists". Feminism: a paradigm shift. Atlantic. pp. 18–21. ISBN 9788126908882.
  30. Scott, William Robert (1900). Francis Hutcheson: his life, teaching and position in the history of philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780559151927.
  31. Easley, Alexis (2004). First Person Anonymous: Women Writers and Victorian Print Media, 1830-70. Ashgate. ISBN 978-0754630562.
  32. Warme, Lars G. (1996). A History of Swedish Literature. University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 9780803247505.
  33. Faulkner, Carol (2011). Lucretia Mott's heresy: abolition and women's rights in nineteenth-century America. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 9780812222791.
  34. Mortensen, B.M.E. (1953), "Thorild, Thomas", in Steinberg, Sigfrid H. (ed.), Cassell's Encyclopedia of World Literature, London: Cassell, OCLC 874557477.
  35. Anderson, Bonnie S. (2000). Joyous Greetings: The First International Women's Movement, 1830-1860: The First International Women's Movement, 1830–1860. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780198029175.
  36. Sjogren, Asa Karlsson (2009). "Voting Women Before Women's Suffrage in Sweden 1720-1870". In Sulkunen, Irma; Nevala-Nur, Seija-Leena; Markkola, Pirjo (eds.). Suffrage, Gender and Citizenship: International Perspectives on Parliamentary Reforms. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. pp. 57–58. ISBN 9781443803014.
  37. Paletschek, Sylvia; Pietrow-Ennker, Bianka, eds. (2004). "8: Gender and Feminism in Sweden: The Frederika Bremer Association, by Ulla Manns". Women's Emancipation Movements in the Nineteenth Century: A European Perspective. Stanford University Press. pp. 152–164. ISBN 978-0804747646.
  38. Tierney, Helen (1999). Joyous Greetings : Women's Studies Encyclopedia. 3. Greenwood Press. ISBN 9780313310737.
  39. "Altmann-Gottheiner, Elisabeth". Deutsche Biographie (in German). Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  40. Tarrant, Shira (2009). Men and Feminism: Seal Studies. Seal Press. ISBN 9780786744640.
  41. Österberg, Carin; Lewenhaupt, Inga; Wahlberg, Anna Greta (1990). Svenska kvinnor: föregångare, nyskapare [Swedish women: Predecessors, pioneers] (in Swedish). Signum. ISBN 9789187896033.
  42. Crawford, Elizabeth (2003). The Women's Suffrage Movement: A Reference Guide 1866-1928. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9781135434021.
  43. "Anderson, Maybanke (1845–1927)". Trove. National Library of Australia. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  44. Meredith, Suzanne M. (20 August 2008). "The Kilmer Legacy – 100 percent proof characters". Antique Trader. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  45. "Edith Jessie Archibald, (1854–1936)". Parks Canada. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  46. Cooke, Rachel (28 December 2013). "The Mystery of Princess Louise: Queen Victoria's Rebellious Daughter by Lucinda Hawksley – review". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  47. Faust, Drew Gilpin (1 August 1999). "Fatal Attraction".
  48. Zolghadr, Shahnaz (30 September 2015). "50 Iranian Women you Should Know: Bibi Khanoom Astarabadi". Iran Wire. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  49. "Aston, Louise". Encyclopedia of 1848 Revolutions. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  50. Anderton, Frances (30 April 2014). "Llano Del Rio and the Architect Who Tried to Design Away Housework; With Avishay Artsy". Design & Architecture. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  51. Bergero, Adriana J. (2008). Intersecting Tango: Cultural Geographies of Buenos Aires, 1900–1930. Translated by Richard Young. University of Pittsburgh Press. p. 271. ISBN 9780822973393.
  52. "[Anna Bayerová, first Czechoslovakian woman-physician]". Cas Lek Cesk. 91 (21): 639. 23 May 1952. PMID 14390242.
  53. 2003 (reprint). Times Guide to the House of Commons, 1929, 1931, 1935, Politico's, London. ISBN 1-84275-033-X
  54. McMillan, James F. (2002). France and Women, 1789-1914: Gender, Society and Politics. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9781134589579.
  55. Daskalova, Krassimira; Nazarska, Georgeta (2006). Women's Movement and Feminism in Modern Bulgaria 1850-1940. Sofia. ISBN 978-9547960183.
  56. "LENSING, Wilhelmina Elisabeth | BWSA".
  57. Roberts, Mary Louise (2002). Disruptive Acts: The New Woman in Fin-de-Siecle France. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 9780226721248.
  58. Musnik, Roger (25 June 2018). "Marie-Louise Gagneur (1832–1902)" (in French). Gallicia. Retrieved 28 December 2018 via Bibliothèque nationale de France.
  59. Cohart, Mary, ed. (1975). Unsung champions of women (1st ed.). Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. pp. 9–10, 85. ISBN 978-0-8263-0382-0.
  60. Applewhite, Harriet Branson; Levy, Darline G. (1993). Women and Politics in the Age of the Democratic Revolution. University of Michigan Press. ISBN 9780472064137.
  61. "Конради Евгения Ивановна (урожденная Бочечкарова) Великие люди России" [Konradi, Evgeniya Ivanovna (nee Bochechkarova): Great Russians]. Great Russians (in Russian). Retrieved 11 June 2017.
  62. Diethe, Carol (2002). The Life and Work of Germany's Founding , Louise Otto-Peters, (1819 - 1895). Edwin Mellen Press. ISBN 9780889461185.
  63. Herminghouse, Patricia A.; Mueller, Magda (2001). German Writings. Bloomsbury Academic. ISBN 9780826412812.
  64. Evans, Richard J. (2012). The Feminists: Women's Emancipation Movements in Europe, America and Australasia 1840-1920. Routledge. ISBN 9780415629850.
  65. Stevenson, Micaela (5 August 2014). "A Biography of Anna Sterky". The Feminist Observer. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  66. Dojinovi, Biljana. "Milica Stojadinovi? Srpkinja, Serbian writer, 1828–1878". Women Writers. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  67. "Alice Vickery". Royal Pharmaceutical Society. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  68. Birgitte Possing (1992). "Natalie Zahle (1827 - 1913)". Dansk kvindebiografisk leksikon. KVINFO. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
  69. Paula E. Hyman. "Puah Rakovsky". Jewish Women's Archive. Retrieved 22 November 2019.
  70. Agerbeek, Marjan (2 October 2001). "Dinosaurs of the second wave of feminism". Trouw. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
  71. Hoffman, Jordan (15 October 2015). "Alan Alda Knows His Feminist History". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  72. Love, Barbara (2006). Feminists who Changed America, 1963–1975. University of Illinois Press. ISBN 9780252031892.
  73. Lehrer, Natasha. "Helen Bentwich". Jewish Women's Archive. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  74. Jeanne Bouvier, Mes Mémoires, ou, 59 années d'activité industrielle, sociale et intellectuelle d'une ouvrière, La Découverte/Maspero, 1983 (in French)
  75. "À la mémoire de grandes femmes d'ici". La Presse (in French). 13 March 2016.
  76. Walter, Lynn (2001). Women's Rights: A Global View. Greenwood Press. ISBN 9780313308901.
  77. Sandilands, Catriona (1999). The Good-natured Feminist: Ecofeminism and the Quest for Democracy. University of Minnesota Press. ISBN 9780816630974.
  78. Kelly, Jacques (5 March 2018). "Marianne Githens, retired Goucher professor, dies". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
  79. Hawkesworth, Celia (2000). Voices in the Shadows: Women and Verbal Art in Serbia and Bosnia. Central European University Press. ISBN 9789639116627.
  80. Gerhard, Ute (2001). Debating Women's Equality: Toward a Theory of Law from a European Perspective. Rutgers University Press. ISBN 9780813529059.
  81. Eaton, Heather; Lorentzen, Lois Ann (2003). Ecofeminism and Globalization: Exploring Culture, Context, and Religion. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. ISBN 9780742526983.
  82. Hargreaves, Jennifer (2002). Sporting Females: Critical Issues in the History and Sociology of Women's Sport. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9781134912773.
  83. Badran, Margot (1995). Feminists, Islam, and nation: gender and the making of modern Egypt. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. p. 54. ISBN 9780691026053.
  84. Martin Mulligan, Stuart Hill, Ecological Pioneers, Cambridge University Press, 2001, pp. 274–300.
  85. Luyssen, Johanna (13 April 2016). "Décès de Maya Surduts, féministe historique, humaniste indocile" [Death of Maya Surduts, historical feminist, intractable humanist]. Libération (in French). Paris, France. Archived from the original on 5 October 2017. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  86. Samiou, Dimitra (2005). "SVOLOU, Maria (born Desypri) (1892? – 1976)". Biographical Dictionary of Women's Movements and Feminisms in Central, Eastern, and South Eastern Europe: 19th and 20th Centuries (1st ed.). New York: Central European University Press. pp. 552–557. ISBN 9637326391.
  87. Waalkens, Marijke (13 January 2014). "Vos, Roosje (1860–1932)". Huygens ING (in Dutch). University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands: Digitaal Vrouwenlexicon van Nederland. Archived from the original on 11 September 2016. Retrieved 1 March 2017.
  88. Rappaport, Helen (2001). Encyclopedia of Women Social Reformers, Volume 1. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9781576071014.
  89. Bannerji, Himani; Mojab, Shahrzad; Whitehead, Judith (2001). Of Property and Propriety: The Role of Gender and Class in Imperialism and Nationalism. University of Toronto Press. ISBN 9780802081926.
  90. Cano, Gabriela (September 1993). "Adelina Zendejas: arquitecta de su memoria" [Adelina Zendejas: architect of her memory]. Debate Feminista (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: Metis Productos Culturales S.A. de C.V. 8: 387–400. ISSN 0188-9478. JSTOR 42624163.
  91. "Regular Faculty: Brooke A. Ackerly". Department of Political Science. Vanderbilt University. 2019. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  92. Ackerly, Brooke A.; True, Jacqui (2019). Doing Feminist Research in Political and Social Science (2nd ed.). Red Globe Press. ISBN 978-1137590800.
  93. Ackerly, Brooke A. (2000). Political Theory and Feminist Social Criticism. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521650194.
  94. Adams, Carol J. (March 1991). "Ecofeminism and the eating of animals". Hypatia: A Journal of Feminist Philosophy. 6 (1): 125–145. doi:10.1111/j.1527-2001.1991.tb00213.x. JSTOR 3810037. Pdf.
  95. "Kaberry Lecture: peace and reconstruction in the Middle East: Where are the women?". forced migration online, University of Oxford. 27 May 2009. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  96. "Ahmed's analysis of increased 'veiling' wins religion prize". The Grawemeyer Awards. 2013. Archived from the original on 31 October 2014. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  97. Kelly, Linda (22 October 2014). "Dr. Widad Akrawi Receives the Pfeffer Peace Award". Archived from the original on 19 October 2015. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  98. Wilson, Robin (14 January 2014). "Women challenge male philosophers to make room in unfriendly field". The Chronicle of Higher Education. 59 (19): A1–A6.
  99. Callahan, Maureen (22 March 2015). "'In Islam, they are all rotten apples': Ex-Muslim's call for religion's reboot". Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  100. Allen, Pam (March 1968). "Radical Women and the Rankin Brigade". Voice of the Women's Liberation Movement. 1 (1): 3.
  101. Allende, Isabel (2000). Daughter of fortune. London: Flamingo. ISBN 9780006552321
  102. Alpert, Jane. Mother Right: A New Feminist Theory. Duke University Libraries, Digital Collections. Having gone underground three years ago as a committed leftist, and since become a radical feminist, I regard this piece as a distillation of what I have learned in these three years.
  103. "Who is Barbara Anderson".
  104. "Barbara Anderson".
  105. Allwood, Gill (2012). French Feminisms: Gender And Violence In Contemporary Theory. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9781135360238.
  106. Audet, Elaine (1 October 2003). "Elisabeth Badinter distorts feminism the better to fight it".
  107. Olivia Fleming, Laverne Cox and Rosario Dawson Get Real About Intersectional Feminism, 8 October 2018, Harper's Bazaar
  108. "GEENA DAVIS Talks Gender Equality in... – Amy Poehler's Smart Girls | Facebook". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
  109. Benewick, Robert; Green, Philip (2002). The Routledge Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Political Thinkers. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9781134864676.
  110. Machan, Tibor R.; Long, Roderick T. (2012). Anarchism/Minarchism: Is a Government Part of a Free Country?. Ashgate Publishing. ISBN 9781409485681.
  111. Shigematsu, Setsu (2012). Scream from the Shadows: The Women's Liberation Movement in Japan. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. pp. 118, 225–226. ISBN 978-0-8166-6758-1.
  112. Haase, Donald (2004). Fairy Tales and Feminism: New Approaches. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 9780814340820.
  113. Greco, Patti (29 May 2014). "Fault In Our Stars Author John Green Has a "Badass Feminist Mom"". Cosmopolitan. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  114. Hesse-Biber, Sharlene Nagy (2011). Handbook of Research: Theory and Praxis. SAGE Publications. ISBN 9781483341453.
  115. Jayakumar, Kirthi (12 January 2017). "Three things I've learned about the real meaning of gender equality". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
  116. "Nida Mahmoed mentioned in an Article of Why Feminism A Taboo In Pakistan?". Dunya News.
  117. Irene van Staveren, Feminist Economics: Interrogating the Masculinity of Rational Economic Man, in the Journal of Economic Issues 35(1):219–221 (March 2001)
  118. Victora Ottomanelli, Janet Mock is a transgender best-selling author, activist and feminist, 28 March 2018, WPTZ
  119. Chute, Hillary L. (2010). Graphic Women: Life Narrative and Contemporary Comics. Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231150637.
  120. McCann, Erin (27 August 2013). "John Scalzi: The Internet's Troll-Slayer". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  121. Jeanne Carstensen, Julia Serano, Transfeminist Thinker, Talks Trans-Misogyny, 22 June 2017, The New York Times
  122. Trevizan, Liliana (2001). "Virginia Vargas". Notable Twentieth-century Latin American Women: A Biographical Dictionary (1st ed.). Westport, Conn. [u.a.]: Greenwood Press. pp. 287–291. ISBN 978-0-313-31112-3.
  123. Emma Watson at the HeForShe Campaign 2014 – Official UN Video. 22 September 2014. Event occurs at 2:52–2:57. Archived from the original on 5 February 2017. Retrieved 26 February 2016 via YouTube.
  124. Davidson, Joy; Wilson, Leah (2006). The Psychology of Joss Whedon: An Unauthorized Exploration of Buffy, Angel, and Firefly. BenBella Books. ISBN 978-1-935251-35-4.
  125. Brace, Patricia (2012). "Fashioning Women: Whedon, women and wardrobe". In Kowalski, Dean A.; Kreider, S. Evan (eds.). The Philosophy of Joss Whedon. University Press of Kentucky. pp. 117–132. ISBN 978-0-813139-97-5.
  126. Maura Johnston, Bratmobile’s Allison Wolfe on Riot Grrrl History, New Wave of Feminist Punk 12 October 2016, Rolling Stone
  127. Fineman, Martha; McCluskey, Martha (2003). Feminism, Media, and the Law. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195096293.
  128. "Malala tells Emma Watson she identifies as a feminist, thanks to her". Women in the World in Association with The New York Times – WITW.
  129. Zajovic, Stasa. "Transitional Justice – Feminist Approach". Zene u Crnom. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  130. "Julie Zeilinger". Julie Zeilinger. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  131. Stanford, Peter (15 September 2016). "Ex-Jehovah's Witness Deborah Frances-White on door knocking with Michael Jackson and ditching the 'cult'". The Telegraph.
  132. Paris Lees, Why I'm trans … and a feminist, 18 January 2013, The Guardian
  133. Case, Sue-Ellen (1988). Feminism and Theatre. Routledge. p. 80. ISBN 9781136735134.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.