List of extant baronetcies
Baronetage of England (1611–1705)
King James I created the hereditary Order of Baronets in England on 22 May 1611, for the settlement of Ireland. He offered the dignity to 200 gentlemen of good birth, with a clear estate of £1,000 a year, on condition that each one should pay a sum equivalent to three years' pay to 30 soldiers at 8d per day per man (total – £1,095) into the King's Exchequer.
The Baronetage of England comprises all baronetcies created in the Kingdom of England before the Act of Union in 1707. In that year, the Baronetage of England and the Baronetage of Nova Scotia were replaced by the Baronetage of Great Britain.
The extant baronetcies are listed below in order of precedence (i.e. date). All other baronetcies, including extinct, dormant (D), unproven (U), under review (R) or forfeit, are on a separate list of baronetcies.
The baronetcy lists include any peerage titles which are held by the baronet.
To be recognised as a baronet, it is necessary to prove a claim of succession. When this has been done, the name is entered on The Official Roll. This was ordained by Royal Warrant in February 1910. Those who have not so proven are shown below as unproven or under review or dormant. A baronetcy is considered dormant if, five years after the death of the previous incumbent, no heir has come forward to claim it.
Baronets in the Baronetage of England
|001||Bacon of Redgrave||22 May 1611||now also Bacon baronets of Mildenhall, since 1755|
|002||Shirley of Staunton||22 May 1611||Earl Ferrers|
|003||Pelham of Laughton||22 May 1611||Earl of Chichester|
|004||Hoghton, now de Hoghton of Hoghton Tower||22 May 1611|
|005||Hobart-Hampden of Intwood||22 May 1611||Earl of Buckinghamshire|
|006||Gerard of Bryn||22 May 1611||Baron Gerard|
|007||St John of Lydiard Tregoze||22 May 1611||Viscount Bolingbroke; the baronetcy is shown as "Dormant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|008||Shelley of Michaelgrove||22 May 1611|
|009||Musgrave of Hartley Castle||29 June 1611|
|010||Seymour of Berry Pomeroy||29 June 1611||Duke of Somerset|
|011||Finch of Eastwell||29 June 1611||Earl of Winchilsea and Nottingham|
|012||Monson of Carleton||29 June 1611||Baron Monson|
|013||Wodehouse of Wilberhall||29 June 1611||Earl of Kimberley|
|014||Harington of Ridlington||29 June 1611|
|015||Brudenell of Deen||29 June 1611||Marquess of Ailesbury|
|016||Mordaunt of Massingham Parva||29 June 1611|
|017||Devereux of Castle Bromwich||25 November 1611||Viscount Hereford|
|018||Dormer of Wing||10 June 1615||Baron Dormer; the baronetcy is shown as "Vacant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|019||Egerton of Oulton||5 April 1617|
|020||Townshend of Rainham||16 April 1617||Marquess Townshend|
|021||Lyttelton of Frankley||25 June 1618||Viscount Cobham|
|022||Hicks, now Hicks Beach of Beverston||21 July 1619||Earl St Aldwyn|
|023||Berney of Parkhall||5 May 1620|
|024||Gower of Sittersham||2 June 1620||Duke of Sutherland|
|025||Philipps of Picton Castle||9 November 1621||Viscount St Davids|
|026||Wake of Clevedon||5 December 1621|
|027||Hotham of Scorborough||4 January 1622||Baron Hotham|
|028||Mansel of Muddlescombe||14 January 1622|
|029||Grosvenor of Eaton||23 February 1622||Duke of Westminster|
|030||Gage of Firle Place||26 March 1622||Viscount Gage|
|031||Cooper of Rockbourne||4 July 1622||Earl of Shaftesbury|
|032||Hazlerigg of Noseley||21 July 1622||Baron Hazlerigg; the baronetcy is shown as "Dormant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|033||Skipwith of Prestwould||20 December 1622|
|034||Sebright of Besford||20 December 1626||the baronetcy is shown as "Dormant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|035||Style of Wateringbury||21 April 1627||the baronetcy is shown as "Dormant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|036||Isham of Lamport||30 May 1627|
|037||Bagot of Blithfield||31 May 1627||Baron Bagot; the baronetcy is shown as "Dormant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|037||Stanley of Bickerstaff||26 June 1627||Earl of Derby|
|038||Bacon of Mildenhall||29 July 1627||now also Bacon baronets of Redgrave, since 1755|
|039||Stonhouse of Radley||7 May 1628||also Stonhouse baronets of Radley (1670)|
|040||Wrey of Trebitch||13 June 1628|
|041||Trelawny, now Salusbury-Trelawny of Trelawny||1 July 1628|
|042||Wiseman of Canfield Hall||29 August 1628|
|043||Nightingale of Newport Pond||1 September 1628|
|044||Pole of Shute||12 September 1628|
|045||Wolseley of Wolseley||24 November 1628|
|046||Grimston of Little Waltham||2 March 1629||Earl of Verulam|
|047||Graham of Esk||29 March 1629||the baronetcy is shown as "Dormant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|048||Every of Eggington||26 May 1641|
|049||Cave, now Cave-Browne-Cave of Stanford||30 June 1641|
|050||Bampfylde of Poltimore||14 July 1641||Baron Poltimore|
|051||Thynne of Cause Castle||14 July 1641||Marquess of Bath|
|052||Northcote of Hayne||16 July 1641||Earl of Iddesleigh|
|053||Strickland, now Strickland-Constable of Boynton||30 July 1641|
|054||Chichester of Raleigh||4 August 1641|
|055||Knatchbull of Mersham Hatch||4 August 1641||Earl Mountbatten of Burma|
|056||Trollope of Casewick||5 February 1642|
|057||Haggerston, now Constable Maxwell-Scott of Haggerston||15 August 1642|
|058||Thorold of Marston||24 August 1642||the baronetcy is shown as "Dormant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|059||Wrottesley of Wrottesley||30 August 1642||Baron Wrottesley|
|060||Liddell of Ravensworth Castle||2 November 1642||Baron Ravensworth; the baronetcy is shown as "Dormant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|061||Waldegrave of Hever Castle||1 August 1643||Earl Waldegrave|
|062||Acton of Aldenham||17 January 1644||Baron Acton; the baronetcy is shown as "Vacant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|063||Courtenay||February 1644||Earl of Devon|
|064||Acland of Columb John||21 January 1678||precedence of 24 June 1644; the baronetcy is shown as "Vacant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|065||Vyvyan of Trelowarren||12 February 1645||the baronetcy is shown as "Dormant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|066||Boreel of Amsterdam||21 March 1645||the baronetcy is shown as "Dormant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|067||Bridgeman of Great Lever||3 December 1660||Earl of Bradford|
|068||Palmer of Carlton||7 June 1660|
|069||Langham of Cottesbrooke||7 June 1660|
|070||Finch of Raunston||7 June 1660||Earl of Winchilsea and Nottingham|
|071||Robinson of London||22 June 1660|
|072||Astley of Hill Morton||25 June 1660||Baron Hastings; the baronetcy is shown as "Vacant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|073||Bowyer of Denham Court||22 June 1660||Baron Denham|
|074||Stanley of Alderley||25 June 1660||Baron Stanley of Alderley|
|075||Shuckburgh of Shuckburgh||25 June 1660|
|076||Stuart of Hartley Mauduit||27 June 1660||the baronetcy is shown as "Dormant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|077||St John of Woodford||28 June 1660||Baron St John of Bletso|
|078||Clerke of Hitcham||29 December 1660|
|079||Boothby of Broadlow Ashe||13 July 1660|
|080||Honywood of Evington||19 July 1660|
|081||Smithson, now Percy of Stanwick||1660||Duke of Northumberland|
|082||Wheler of the City of Westminster||11 August 1660|
|083||Rous of Henham||17 August 1660||Earl of Stradbroke|
|084||Onslow of West Clandon||1674||Earl of Onslow|
|085||Fagge of Wiston||11 December 1660||the baronetcy is shown as "Dormant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|086||Frankland of Thirkelby||24 December 1660||Baron Zouche|
|087||Legard of Ganton||29 December 1660|
|088||Bedingfeld, now Paston-Bedingfeld of Oxburgh||2 January 1661|
|089||Reade of Barton||4 March 1661||the baronetcy is shown as "Dormant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|090||Broughton of Broughton||10 March 1661||the baronetcy is shown as "Dormant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|091||Cayley of Brompton||26 April 1661|
|092||Cooke of Wheatley||10 May 1661|
|093||Ashburnham of Bromham||15 May 1661|
|094||Jenkinson of Walcot and Hawkesbury||18 May 1661|
|096||Williams-Bulkeley of Penrhyn||17 June 1661|
|097||Carew of Haccombe||2 August 1661|
|098||Bowyer-Smyth of Hill Hall||28 November 1661|
|099||Trevelyan of Nettlecombe||24 January 1662||the baronetcy is shown as "Dormant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|100||Osborn of Chicksands||11 February 1662|
|101||Graham of Norton Conyers||17 November 1662|
|102||Tancred, now Lawson-Tancred of Boroughbridge||17 November 1662|
|103||D'Oyly of Shottisham||29 July 1663|
|104||Marsham of Cuckston||16 August 1663||Earl of Romney|
|105||Biddulph of Westcombe||2 November 1664|
|106||Shaw, now Best-Shaw of Eltham||15 March 1665|
|107||Jocelyn of Hyde Hall||8 June 1665||Earl of Roden|
|108||Burdett of Burthwaite||25 July 1665|
|109||Hanham of Wimborne||24 May 1667|
|110||Mostyn of Talacre||28 April 1670|
|111||Stonhouse of Radley||5 May 1670||also Stonehouse baronets of Radley (1628)|
|112||Croft of Croft Castle||18 November 1671|
|113||Eden of West Auckland||13 November 1672||Baron Eden of Winton (Life Peerage of the incumbent)|
also Baronet Eden of Maryland
|114||Blackett of Newcastle||12 December 1673|
|115||Hoskyns of Harewood||18 December 1676|
|116||Hart Dyke of Horeham||3 March 1677|
|117||Cotton of Combermere||29 March 1677||Viscount Combermere|
|118||Willoughby of Wollaton||7 April 1677||Baron Middleton|
|119||Cust of Stamford||29 September 1677||Baron Brownlow|
|120||Dyer of Tottenham||6 July 1678|
|121||Bowyer, now Goring of Highden||18 May 1678|
|122||Parkyns of Bunney Park||18 May 1681||the baronetcy is shown as "Dormant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|123||Bunbury of Stanney Hall||29 June 1681|
|124||Parker, now Hyde-Parker of Melford Hall||1 July 1681|
|125||Dashwood of Kirtlington||16 September 1684|
|126||Blois of Grundisburgh||15 April 1686|
|127||Williams-Wynn of Gray's Inn||6 July 1688|
|128||Molesworth, now Molesworth-St Aubyn of Pencarrow||19 July 1689|
|129||Ramsden of Byrom||30 November 1689|
|130||Leighton of Wattlesborough||2 March 1693|
|131||Colt of St James's-in-the-Fields||2 March 1694|
|132||Thomas of Wenvoe||24 December 1694|
|133||Buckworth, now Buckworth-Herne-Soame of Sheen||1 April 1697||the baronetcy is shown as "Vacant" on the Official Roll of the Baronetage*|
|134||Chetwode of Oakley||6 April 1700||Baron Chetwode|
|135||Irby of Boston||13 April 1704||Baron Boston|
|136||Fleming of Rydal Hall||4 October 1705|
|137||Miller of Chichester||29 October 1705|
.* as of 17 July 2016 (heirs are known to exist)
Baronetage of Nova Scotia (1625–1706)
The Baronetage of Nova Scotia was devised in 1624 as a means of settling the plantation of that province. King James VI announced his intention of creating 100 baronets, each of whom was to support six colonists for two years (or pay 2000 marks in lieu thereof) and also to pay 1000 marks to Sir William Alexander, to whom the province had been granted by charter in 1621.
James died before this scheme could be implemented, but it was carried out by his son Charles I, who created the first Scottish baronet on 28 May 1625, covenanting in the creation charter that the baronets of Scotland or of Nova Scotia should never exceed 150, that their heirs apparent should be knighted on coming of age (21), and that no one should receive the honour who had not fulfilled the conditions, viz, paid 3000 marks (£166, 13s. 4d.) towards the plantation of the colony. Four years later (17 November 1629) the king wrote to the contractors for baronets, recognising that they had advanced large sums to Sir William Alexander for the plantation on the security of the payments to be made by future baronets, and empowering them to offer a further inducement to applicants; and on the same day he granted to all Nova Scotia baronets the right to wear about their necks, suspended by an orange tawny ribbon, a badge bearing an azure saltire with a crowned inescutcheon of the arms of Scotland and the motto Fax mentis honestae gloria (Glory is the torch that leads on the honourable mind). As the required number, however, could not be completed, Charles announced in 1633 that English and Irish gentlemen might receive the honour, and in 1634 they began to do so. Yet even so, he was only able to create a few more than 120 in all. In 1638 the creation ceased to carry with it the grant of lands in Nova Scotia, and on the union with England (1707) the Scottish creations ceased, English and Scotsmen alike receiving thenceforth Baronetcies of Great Britain.
To be recognised as a Baronet, it is necessary to prove a claim of succession. When this has been done, the name is entered on the Official Roll. This was ordained by Royal Warrant in 1910. Many baronets also hold peerage titles; these have been listed below. The baronetcies below are listed in order of precedence (i.e. date order). For a complete list of all baronetcies, see List of Baronetcies.
Baronets in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia
.* as of 25 July 2016 (heirs are known to exist)
Baronetage of Ireland (1619–1800)
This is a list of extant, dormant, unproven and under review baronetcies in the Baronetage of Ireland. They were first created in 1619, and were replaced by the Baronetage of the United Kingdom in 1800.
To be recognised as a Baronet, it is necessary to prove a claim of succession. When this has been done, the name is entered on The Official Roll. This was ordained by Royal Warrant in 1910. Those who have not so proven are shown below as unproven or under review or dormant. The baronetcies are listed in order of precedence (i.e. date order).
Baronets in the Baronetage of Ireland
Baronetage of Great Britain (1707–1800)
The below is a list of all extant, dormant, unrecognized, and under review baronetcies in the Baronetage of Great Britain, which replaced the Baronetages of Nova Scotia and of England in 1707. In 1801 it was succeeded by the Baronetage of the United Kingdom.
To be recognized as a Baronet, it is necessary to prove a claim of succession to one previously recognized. Once this has been done, the new Baronet's name is entered on the Official Roll, a procedure laid down by Royal Warrant in 1910. Those who have not proved their claim are shown below as unproven, under review, or dormant.
These baronetcies are listed in order of precedence, which is established by the date of the creation. For a complete list of baronetcies see List of baronetcies.
Baronets in the Baronetage of Great Britain
Baronetage of the United Kingdom (1801–present)
The Baronetage of the United Kingdom started with the formation of the United Kingdom in 1801, replacing the Baronetage of Great Britain. (For a complete list of baronetcies see List of Baronetcies – which includes extinct baronetcies.)
As ordained by the Royal Warrant in 1910, it is necessary to prove a claim of succession to be recognised as a Baronet and have a name entered on The Official Roll. Those who have not so proven are shown below as unproven, under review or dormant.
The baronetcies are listed below in order of precedence (date order). (For ease in editing, we have created a fresh table every 25 years.)
The last baronet to be created was Sir Denis Thatcher in 1990.
|1309||Thatcher of Scotney||7 December 1990|
- "No. 28804". The London Gazette (Supplement). 20 February 1914. p. 1464.
- Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition article "BARONET" § 2
- Scotland. Sovereign (1625-1649: Charles I); William Alexander Earl of Stirling; Charles Rogers; Scotland. Sovereign (1567-1625: James VI) (1885). Rogers, Charles (ed.). The Earl of Stirling's Register of Royal Letters, Relative to the Affairs of Scotland and Nova Scotia from 1615 to 1635, Volume 1. private circulation. p. xxi.
The lands included in the baronies of New Scotland were resigned by Sir William Alexander into the hands of the king [Charles I], who re-granted them to the knights baronets. Thus the lands and titles were obtained directly from the sovereign. Infeftment, it was ruled, should be "expede" at the Castle of Edinburgh.
- Turnbull, William, ed. (1839). The Stirling Peerage. Trial of Alexander Humphrys or Alexander, Styling Himself Earl of Stirling. Edinburgh, Scotland: William Blackwood and Sons. pp. 1–2.
Before this charter was ratified by the Scots Parliament, his Majesty [James VI] died; when, in 1625, the grant was renewed by his successor [Charles I] in form of a Charter of Novodamus, proceeding upon the above narrative, and conceding, over and above, additional powers to Sir William Alexander. These charters are in the usual form of feudal conveyances employed by the law of Scotland, but erecting Nova Scotia into a Barony, and declaring sasine at the castle of Edinburgh to be equivalent to sasine on the lands themselves.
- "Origin of the Baronetage of Scotland and Nova Scotia". The Scottish Journal of Topography, Antiquities, Traditions, &c. &c. Edinburgh, Scotland: Thomas George Stevenson. I (8): 115. 23 October 1847.
As such like parties were not baronets of the colonising kind, and yet were desirous, no doubt, to take seisin of their purchased grants in Nova Scotia, old Sir William, always provident, had his remedy prepared. He had had it laid down in the formula of the charter, that "the realm of Nova Scotia, and original infeftment thereof, is holden of the kingdom of Scotland, and forms part of the County of Edinburgh." Argal, to take seisin and instruments of possession "on the Castle Hill of Edinburgh," formed a cure for every difficulty, and served the desired purpose as well as if the baronets had indulged in a trip to the actual site of their new possessions.
- "The Baronetage and the New Committee". The Genealogical Magazine. London, U.K.: Elliot Stock. 1: 523. January 1898.
The precept for the charter for each Baronet was granted in the name of Sir William Alexander, who surrendered to the Crown the respective portions of his Lordship of Nova Scotia to be attached to the Baronetcy with all rights of regality. The Baronets were allowed to take possession of their territory by deed of infeftment within the walls of Edinburgh Castle.
- Laing, David, ed. (1867). Royal Letters, Charters, and Tracts, Relating to the Colonization of New Scotland, and the Institution of the Order of Knight Baronets of Nova Scotia. 1621-1638. Edinburgh, Scotland: G. Robb. p. 126.
Had it been exacted ... that each Baronet, with a stated number of colonists, should take personal possession, it is certain the number of applicants would have been scanty indeed. To obviate this difficulty it was held, by a fiction of the law, that the usual legal form of taking possession by an instrument of seisin, or infeftment of lands on the other side of the Atlantic, should take place within the Castle of Edinburgh.
- Fraser, Alexander (1922). "Nova Scotia, The Royal Charter of 1621 to Sir William Alexander (address)". Transactions of the Royal Canadian Institute. Toronto, Canada: University of Toronto Press. XIV (1): 14–15, 45.
For the purpose of taking possession of his lands after the feudal fashion then prevailing, Nova Scotia was made a part of the county of Edinburgh, and at Edinburgh Castle the ceremony of Sasine was performed. … [excerpt of 1621 charter:] And we will, and grant, and, for ourselves and our successors, do decree and ordain, that one seisin, at this time, by the said Sir William, and his aforesaid, upon any part of the soil of the said lands and province above written, shall, in all time to come, stand, and be a sufficient seisin for the whole region, …
- Cooper, John A.; Mowat, J. Gordan (September 1905). "Canada and Edinburgh Castle". The Canadian Magazine. Toronto, Canada: Ontario Publishing Company, Limited. 25 (5): 480.
The colony was named New Scotland, and by a legal fiction, it was, for administrative purposes, connected with Edinburgh. In order to raise men to help found the colony, the King instituted the Order of Baronets of Nova Scotia. This hereditary title was given to gentlemen who arranged to send a certain number of men and to pay a certain amount of money to help to found the Plantation of New Scotland, …. The Order was instituted in 1625, the ceremony being held in the courtyard of Edinburgh Castle. By Royal Decree that place was declared to be an integral part of the new colony. This decree has never been annulled.
- McGrail, Thomas H. (1940). Sir William Alexander, First Earl of Stirling: A biographical study. Oliver & Boyd. p. 91.
To make this possible, since Nova Scotia was so distant, the King declared that sasine could be taken either in the new province or alternatively 'at the castle of Edinburgh as the most eminent and principal place of Scotland.'
- MacKay, Janet (November 1993). "Founding of New Scotland (Nova Scotia)". Fifty Plus. St. John’s, Newfoundland, Canada: Fifty Plus Outreach Association. 1.
Under Scots Law, Baronets "take sasine" by receiving symbolic "earth and stone" on the actual land. Part of Edinburgh Castle was deemed granted to Sir William as part of Nova Scotia. The Baronets were installed with "earth and stone" there while standing in Nova Scotia.
- Fraser, Marie. "Baronets of Nova Scotia". Retrieved 13 March 2016.
Baronets could receive their patents in Edinburgh rather than London, and an area of Edinburgh Castle was declared Nova Scotian territory for this purpose.
- succession to baronetcy at baronetage.org
- "Leigh (GB Baronet, 1773 - dormant c. 1870)". cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
- Cockeyne, George Edward (c. 1983) [First ed. published c.1900]. The Complete Baronetage, volume V (1983 re-print Gloucester, U.K ed.). Gloucester, UK: Alan Sutton Publishing. p. 219.
- "The indifference that could end of one of Britain's oldest titles". Royal Central. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
- "Official Roll of the Baronets as of December 31, 2012". The Standing Council of the Baronetage. Archived from the original on 6 March 2015.
- "Official Roll of the Baronetage as at December 31st 2012". Standing Council of the Baronetage. Archived from the original on 6 March 2015.