List of equipment of the United States Army

The following is a list of equipment of the United States Army:

Small arms

ModelImageCaliberTypeOriginDetails
Pistols
M99 x 19mm NATOPistol Italy and  United StatesBeretta 92FS
To be replaced by the M17 Modular Handgun System[1][2]
M119 x 19mm NATOPistol Germany
  Switzerland
 United States
Sig Sauer P228
To be replaced by the M18 Modular Handgun System[2]
M1911, M45.45 ACPPistol United StatesLimited use.
M17, M189 x 19mm NATOPistol Germany
  Switzerland
 United States
Sig Sauer P320
Won the Modular Handgun System competition[3]
Mk 2345 ACPPistol Germanylimited use in special forces
Mk 2445 ACPPistol GermanyHK45 Compact Tactical - limited use in special forces
Mk 259 x 19mm NATOPistol Germany
  Switzerland
Sig P226 - limited use in special forces
Mk 269 x 19mm NATOPistol AustriaGlock 26 - limited use in special forces.[4]
Mk 279 x 19mm NATOPistol AustriaGlock 19 - limited use in special forces.[5]
Mk 289 x 19mm NATOPistol AustriaGlock 17 - limited use in special forces.[6]
Mk 299 x 19mm NATOPistol AustriaGlock 34 - limited use in special forces.[7]
Submachine guns
B&T APC9 Pro-K9 x 19mm NATOSubmachine gun  SwitzerlandUsed in Military Police and Security Details as Sub Compact Weapon (SCW) [8]
SIG Sauer MPX9 x 19mm NATOSubmachine gun Germany
  Switzerland
Used in night operations, close quarters, hostage rescue, and escort
MP59 x 19mm NATOSubmachine gun GermanyUsed in night operations, close quarters, hostage rescue, and escort
Small Caliber Rifles/carbine
M165.56×45mm NATOAssault rifle United StatesStandard service rifle. Formerly in use with Army National Guard[9][10]
M45.56×45mm NATOCarbine United StatesStandard service rifle.[11][12]
Mk 16 Mod 0 / Mk 17 Mod 05.56×45mm NATO

7.62×51mm NATO

Assault rifle / Battle rifle Belgium &  United StatesUsed by US Army Rangers and Delta Force
HK4165.56×45mm NATOAssault rifle GermanyUsed by Delta Force
SIG Sauer MCX5.56×45mm NATO, .300 AAC BlackoutAssault rifle Germany
  Switzerland
Used by Joint Special Operations Command
Shotguns
500 MILLS12-gaugeShotgun United StatesUsed by Delta Force
Ithaca 3712-gaugeShotgun United States
M101412-gaugeShotgun Italy
M26 MASS12-gaugeModular Accessory Shotgun System United StatesAttaches to M4 or standalone
Machine guns
M2495.56×45mm NATOLight machine gun United StatesBelt-fed, but can be used with STANAG magazines[13][14]
M2407.62×51mm NATOGeneral purpose machine gun United StatesBelt-fed[15][16]
Browning M2.50 BMGHeavy machine gun United StatesMounted on vehicles or tripods.[17]
DMRs and sniper rifles
Mk 14 EBR7.62×51mm NATODesignated Marksman Rifle United StatesTo be replaced with the M110A1 CSASS
M110 SASS7.62×51mm NATODesignated Marksman Rifle United StatesKAC SR-25
M110K1 SASS7.62×51mm NATO, 6.5mm CreedmoorDesignated Marksman Rifle United States
M110A1 CSASS7.62×51mm NATO, 6.5mm CreedmoorCompact Squad Designated Marksman Rifle GermanyHK 417 Sniper
SIG Sauer 716 G27.62×51mm NATODesignated Marksman Rifle United States
M24 SWS7.62×51mm NATOSniper Weapon System United StatesRemington 700
M2010 ESR.300 Winchester MagnumEnhanced Sniper Rifle United States
Mk 13
Mod 5
.300 Winchester MagnumSniper Rifle United KingdomAI Arctic Warfare
Mk 20 SSR7.62×51mm NATO, 6.5mm CreedmoorSniper Support Rifle Belgium
 United States
FN SCAR-H TPR
Mk 21 PSR7.62×51mm NATO, .300 Winchester Magnum, .338 Lapua MagnumPrecision Sniper Rifle United StatesRemington MSR
Mk 21 ASR7,62x51 NATO, .300 Norma Magnum, .338 Norma MagnumAdvanced Sniper Rifle United StatesBarret MRAD
M107.50 BMGAnti-materiel rifle, sniper rifle United States
Grenade-based weapons
Mk 1940mmAutomatic grenade launcher United StatesBelt-fed.[18][19]
Mk 47 Striker40mmAutomatic grenade launcher United StatesFire-control system
M20340mmGrenade launcher United StatesSingle-shot underbarrel grenade launcher[20][21]
M32040mmGrenade launcher Germany
 United States
Single-shot underbarrel or stand-alone grenade launcher
M67Fragmentation grenade United States
M18Smoke grenade United States
M84Flashbang United States
Portable anti-materiel weapons
AT484mmAnti-tank weapon Sweden
M14183.5mmAnti-fortification United StatesSingle-shot shoulder-launched weapon designed to defeat hardened structures. Based on the SMAW.
M72 LAW66mmAnti-tank weapon United States
M3 MAAWS[22]84x246mm RAnti-tank recoilless rifle Sweden
BGM-71 TOWGuided anti-tank missile United States
FGM-148 JavelinFire-and-forget anti-tank missile United States
FIM-92 StingerAnti-aircraft missile United States
M202 FLASHIncendiary-rocket-launcher United States

Artillery

ModelImageCaliberOriginNumbersDetails
Mortars
M224[23][24]60 mm United StatesUnknown
M252[25][26]81 mm United Kingdom990[27]
M120[28][29]120 mm Israel1,076[27]
Howitzers
M109155 mm self-propelled howitzer United States965 active[27]
500 in storage[27]
65 M109A7, 900 M109A6[27]
M777155 mm gun-howitzer United Kingdom518[27]518 M777A2[27]
M119105 mm howitzer United Kingdom
 United States
821[27]821 M119A2/3
Rocket artillery
M270 United States991[27]991 M270A1.[27] Armored, self-propelled, multiple rocket launcher
M142[30] United States375[27]M270 pod mounted on a standard Army Medium Tactical Vehicle (MTV) truck frame
Air defense
C-RAM United StatesUnknown Trailer-mounted version of the Phalanx CIWS
AN/TWQ-1 Avenger United States~800[31] Self-propelled surface-to-air missile system mounted on a HMMWV
MIM-104 United States1 106Mobile, long-range surface-to-air missile with anti-ballistic missile capability

Vehicles

Name Image Origin Quantity Notes
MWV
HMMWV  United States 100,000[27] Around 40% of those remaining in service are armored; the armored HMMWVs in service are to be replaced by the JLTV.
Light Strike Vehicle  United States Unknown
Oshkosh L-ATV  United States 53,582 (procurement objective) Will part-replace the Humvee. Oshkosh Defense was awarded JLTV contract on 25 August 2015 for up to 16,901 JLTVs. Procurement objective is 53,582, 49,099 for the U.S. Army and 4,483 for the U.S. Marine Corps.[32]
RSOV  United Kingdom 60 (delivered)
Trucks
M939 Truck  United States 25,000[33] Intention is to replace with the Oshkosh FMTV. Figures include National Guard and Air Force.
FMTV  United States 108,800 (Active in all services) Oshkosh Defense - >23,400 trucks/>11,400 trailers (current manufacturer). 74,000 trucks and trailers by legacy manufacturers. Figures include National Guard and Air Force.[33]
HEMTT  United States >27,000 (new build and remanufactured)[34] Figures include National Guard and Air Force
Oshkosh HET  United States 4,079 (delivered; not all remain in service)[35] 2,488 M1070A0 tractors and >2,600 M1000 trailers delivered of which at least 1,009 tractors and >1000 trailers have been Reset. 1,591 M1070A1 delivered. Figures include National Guard and Air Force.
Armoured vehicles
M1 Abrams  United States 2,386 active[27]
3,500 in storage[27]
Main battle tank. 1,611 M1A2SEPv2 and 775 M1A1 SA in active service. 3,500 M1 in storage.[27]
M2 Bradley  United States 2,500 active[27]
2,500 in storage[27]
Infantry fighting vehicle
M3 Bradley  United States 1,200 active[27]
800 in storage[27]
Infantry fighting vehicle
M1120 Stryker  Canada/ United States 4,268[27] Armored personnel carrier
M113  United States 5,000 active[27]
8,000 in storage[27]
Armored personnel carrier
M1117  United States 2,900[27] Armored car
M88 Hercules  United States 1,177 active[27]
1,000 in storage[27]
Armored recovery vehicle. 817 M88A2, 360 M88A1 active.[27] 1,000 M88A1 in storage.[27]
M9  United States 250[27] Combat engineering vehicle
M1200 Armored Knight  United States 465[27] Armored utility vehicle
MRAPs
M-ATV  United States 5,651[27]
International MaxxPro  United States 2,934[27]
RG-31  South Africa 2,300 (est.) (all services)[36] 1,679 under MRAP procurement and 570 ONS Army; at least 894 Mk5E are required for conversion into MMPV Type II by the Army[36]
RG-33
RG-33L
 South Africa 2,386 (all services)[36] 712 will be retained by the Army as MMPV Type 1.[36]
Buffalo  United States 750[37]

MRAP vehicles

The Pentagon bought 25,000 MRAP vehicles since 2007 in 25 variants through rapid acquisition with no long-term plans for the platforms. The Army plans to divest 7,456 vehicles and retain 8,585. Of the total number of vehicles the Army is to keep, 5,036 are to be put in storage, 1,073 used for training and the remainder spread across the active force. The Oshkosh M-ATV will be kept the most at 5,681 vehicles, as it is smaller and lighter than other MRAPs for off-road mobility. The other most retained vehicle will be the Navistar MaxxPro Dash with 2,633 vehicles and 301 Maxxpro ambulances. Other MRAPs such as the Cougar, BAE Caiman, and larger MaxxPros will be disposed.[38]

Vehicle-mounted weapons

Aircraft

The U.S. Army operates some fixed-wing aircraft and many helicopters.[41]

Aircraft Photo Origin Role Version Quantity Note
Fixed-wing aircraft
C-12 Huron  USA Cargo/Transport C-12C
C-12D
C-12F
MC-12W
17
14
17
11[42]
C-26 Metroliner  USA Cargo/Transport C-26E 11
C-31 Troopship  Netherlands Cargo/Transport C-31A 2
Gulfstream C-37  USA Cargo/Transport C-37A
C-37B
2
1
EO-5  Canada Reconnaissance EO-5C 5[43] Previously designated as RC-7B
RC-12 Huron  USA Reconnaissance RC-12D
RC-12H
RC-12K
RC-12X
12
6
18
14[44]
Cessna UC-35  USA Utility aircraft UC-35A
UC-35B
20
7
STOL
DHC-6 Twin Otter  Canada Utility STOL aircraft UV-18A 6
Helicopters
AH-6 Little Bird  USA Attack helicopter MH/AH-6M 60
AH-64 Apache  USA Attack helicopter AH-64D
AH-64E
756
CH-47 Chinook  USA Cargo helicopter CH-47D
CH-47F
394
48
EH-60 Black Hawk  USA Electronic-warfare helicopter EH-60A 64
MH-47 Chinook  USA Multi-mission helicopter MH-47G 27
TH-67 Creek  USA
 Canada
Trainer helicopter TH-67 180 To be retired by 2020[45]
UH-60 Black Hawk  USA Utility helicopter UH-60A
UH-60L
UH-60M
751
592
250[46][47]




1227 planned
UH-72 Lakota  USA
 Europe
Utility helicopter UH-72A 250 345 planned[48]
Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)
AeroVironment Switchblade Attack UAV 4400+
RQ-11B Raven Hand-launched UAV 5000
Prioria Robotics Maveric Hand-launched UAV 36 [49]
RQ-20A Puma Hand-launched UAV 325
RQ-7B Shadow Reconnaissance UAV 500+
MQ-1C Gray Eagle Extended-Range Multi-Purpose (ERMP) UAV 132
180

  • (numbers as per individual articles)

Number of aircraft

As of 4 April 2019, the Army has;

  • 193 - fixed-wing/STOL aircraft +
  • 3,372 - rotary-wing/helicopters =
  • 3,565 - total manned aircraft +
  • 10,441 - UAVs/UCAVs/drones =
  • 14,006 - grand total of aircraft

Vessels

The Army still operates several vessels.[50]

Name Image Type Versions Quantity
Watercraft
General Frank S. Besson Class Logistics Support Vessel 2 8
Stalwart Class Ocean Surveillance Ship 1
Runnymede Class Landing Craft Utility 35
MGen. Nathanael Greene Class Large Tug 6

Attire

Current attire
Name Pattern name(s) Pattern Image Notes
Army Combat Uniform (ACU) Universal Camouflage Pattern
or
MultiCam




The ACU uses a new military camouflage pattern called the Universal Camouflage Pattern (UCP), which blends green, tan, and gray to work effectively in desert, woodland, and urban environments. The color scheme of the Army Combat Uniform is composed of a slate gray, desert sand and foliage green pixel pattern, which becomes darker or lighter depending on exposure to sunlight.

Soldiers operating in Afghanistan are issued an ACU with the more appropriate "MultiCam" pattern. In June 2015, the Army announced to replace its UCP pattern with the Operational Camouflage Pattern, which is a modified version of the Multicam. The UCP will eventually be phased out by September 2019.[51]

Army Aircrew Combat Uniform (A2CU) Universal Camouflage Pattern

A2CU replaces the Improved Aviation Battle Dress Uniform.
Physical Fitness Uniform

The standard garrison service uniform is known as "Army Greens" or "Class-As". The "Army Blue" uniform, is currently the Army's formal dress uniform, but in 2009 it will replace the Army Green and the Army White uniforms (a uniform similar to the Army Green uniform, but worn in tropical postings) and will become the new Army Service Uniform, which will function as both a garrison uniform (when worn with a white shirt and necktie) and a dress uniform (when worn with a white shirt and either a necktie for parades or a bow tie for "after six" or "black tie" events). The Patrol Cap is worn with the ACU for garrison duty; and the beret with the Army Service Uniform for non-ceremonial functions. The Army Blue Service Cap, is allowed for wear by any soldier ranked CPL or above at the discretion of the commander.

Body armor in all units is the Improved Outer Tactical Vest, which is now being supplemented with the lightweight Modular Body Armor Vest and Soldier Plate Carrier System. Head protection is provided by the Advanced Combat Helmet and Modular Integrated Communications Helmet, which are being replaced in deployed units by the Enhanced Combat Helmet.

Field equipment

Modular sleep system

The Modular Sleep System (MSS) is a sleeping bag kit used by the United States Army and manufactured by Tennier Industries. It consists of a camouflaged, waterproof, breathable bivy cover, a lightweight patrol sleeping bag, and an intermediate cold-weather sleeping bag (note that the color differs depending on the vintage of the gear). Compression sacks are included to store and carry the system. The MSS is available in a variety of camouflage patterns. The patrol bag provides weather protection from 35–50 °F (2–10 °C). The intermediate bag provides cold weather protection from −5–35 °F (−21–2 °C). Combining the patrol bag and intermediate bags provides extreme cold weather protection in temperatures as low as −30 °F (−34 °C). The bivy cover can be used with each of three MSS configurations (patrol, intermediate, or combined) to provide environmental protection from wind and water. The sleeping bags are made of ripstop nylon fabrics and continuous-filament polyester insulation; the camouflage bivy cover is made with waterproof, breathable, coated or laminated nylon fabric; the compression sacks are made with water-resistant and durable nylon fabrics.[52]

This section incorporates work from https://peosoldier.army.mil/newpeo/Equipment/Temp.asp?id=CIE_SS, which is in the public domain as it is a work of the United States Military.

3D printing

In November 2012, the U.S. Army developed a tactical 3D printing capability to allow it to rapidly manufacture critical components on the battlefield.[53] Additive manufacturing is now a capability at Rock Island Arsenal[54] where parts can now be manufactured outside a factory including:

  • M1A1 Abrams tank turret[54]
  • 40 mm grenade launcher[54]

See also

References

  1. M9 Pistol, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  2. John Pike. "M9 9 mm Beretta Pistol". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  3. [http://www.foxnews.com/tech/2017/01/20/army-picks-sig-sauers-p320-handgun-to-replace-m9-service-pistol.html Army picks Sig Sauer's P320 handgun to replace M9 service pistol ], Fox News Tech
  4. http://www.defensereview.com/glock-19-g19-compact-9mm-combat-tactical-pistol-why-us-special-forces-sf-adopted-it-a-little-history/
  5. http://www.defensereview.com/glock-19-g19-compact-9mm-combat-tactical-pistol-why-us-special-forces-sf-adopted-it-a-little-history/
  6. http://www.defensereview.com/glock-19-g19-compact-9mm-combat-tactical-pistol-why-us-special-forces-sf-adopted-it-a-little-history/
  7. http://www.defensereview.com/glock-19-g19-compact-9mm-combat-tactical-pistol-why-us-special-forces-sf-adopted-it-a-little-history/
  8. https://www.tactical-life.com/news/army-bt-apc9k-sub-compact-weapon/
  9. M16 Rifle, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  10. John Pike (22 December 2010). "M16 5.56mm Rifle". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  11. M4 Carbine, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  12. John Pike (21 December 2010). "M4 / M4A1 5.56mm Carbine". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  13. M249 Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  14. John Pike. "M249 Squad Automatic Weapon". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  15. M240 Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  16. John Pike. "M240 7.62mm Machine Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  17. John Pike (24 February 2011). "M2 .50 Caliber Machine Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  18. Mk193 Grenade Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  19. John Pike (13 January 2011). "Mk 19 Grenade Machine Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  20. M203 Grenade Launcher, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  21. John Pike. "M203 40mm Grenade Launcher". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  22. Carl Gustaf Selected as Standard Equipment for US Army Light Infantry Units - Deagel.com, 20 February 2014
  23. M224 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  24. John Pike (27 November 2005). "M224 60 mm Lightweight Mortar". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  25. M252 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  26. John Pike. "M252 81 mm Medium Extended Range Mortar". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  27. International Institute for Strategic Studies (15 February 2019). The Military Balance 2019. Routledge. pp. 49–50. ISBN 978-1857439885.
  28. M120 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  29. John Pike. "M120 120 mm Mortar". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  30. "Saint-Gobain Crystals delivers transparent armor for M142 HIMARS windshields and door windows". 8 November 2013.
  31. "Avenger Low Level Air Defence System, United States of America". army-technology.com. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
  32. "Lockheed Martin Protests JLTV contract award to Oshkosh". 8 September 2015. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
  33. "Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV) (Nov)". IHS Jane's. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  34. "Oshkosh M977 heavy expanded mobility tactical truck (HEMTT) and M989A1 heavy expanded mobility ammunition trailer (HEMAT)". IHS Jane's Shaun C Connors & Christopher F Foss. 14 June 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  35. "Oshkosh M1070 and M1070A1 (8 × 8) Heavy Equipment Transporters (HETs) and M1000 semi-trailer". IHS Jane's Shaun C Connors & Christopher F Foss. 27 August 2015. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
  36. "Retasking MRAP: Life after Afghanistan". Jane's International Defence Review. 2 April 2015. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  37. "Buffalo MRAP". www.tanks-encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
  38. "Majority of MRAPs to be scrapped or stored". Military Times, 5 January 2014
  39. John Pike. "M230 Automatic Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  40. John Pike (25 January 2006). "M242 Bushmaster 25 mm Automatic Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  41. Aviation Week & Space Technology 2009, 26 JAN 2009 240. Web.28 Aug 2009. <http://www.aviationweek.com/aw/sourcebook/content.jsp?channelName=pro&story=xml/sourcebook_xml/2009/01/26/AW_01_26_2009_p0240-112924-158.xml&headline=World%20Military%20Aircraft%20Inventory%20-%20United+States%5B%5D>.
  42. Drew, James (25 September 2015). "Beale AFB farewells MC-12 as spy plane moves to Army and SOCOM". Flight Global. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
  43. WebCite query result
  44. http://www.defenseindustrydaily.com/up-to-462m-for-rc-12-guardrail-modernization-03756/
  45. Huber, Mark (28 January 2016). "Flight Training Begins for First Class of Lakota Pilots". Aviation International News. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
  46. "Sikorsky Aircraft Delivers 100th New Production UH-60M BLACK HAWK Helicopter to U.S". Reuters. 25 March 2009. Archived from the original on 5 May 2009.
  47. "Sikorsky to deliver 102 new tactical multirole helicopters to US armed forces". 19 November 2014.
  48. "News – Feature story – The UH-72A "comes home" to its new Army assignment in Mississippi". UH-72A. Retrieved 13 June 2011.
  49. United States Army purchases Maveric bird camouflage UAS Archived 3 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine - Armyrecognition.com, 26 November 2013
  50. hazegray.org – World Navies Today: US Army
  51. Lopez, C. (20 February 2010). "Soldiers to get new cammo pattern for wear in Afghanistan". US Army. US Army. Retrieved 22 February 2010.
  52. US Army (13 August 2011). "Sleep Systems". PEO Soldier. Archived from the original on 13 August 2011.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
  53. "US army builds its own 3D printer". BBC News. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
  54. New Army initiatives cut costs, get essential equipment to Soldiers faster
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