List of equipment of the United States Army
The following is a list of equipment of the United States Army:
|M9||9 x 19mm NATO||Pistol||Beretta 92FS|
To be replaced by the M17 Modular Handgun System
|M11||9 x 19mm NATO||Pistol||Sig Sauer P228 |
To be replaced by the M18 Modular Handgun System
|M1911, M45||.45 ACP||Pistol||Limited use.|
|M17, M18||9 x 19mm NATO||Pistol||Sig Sauer P320 |
Won the Modular Handgun System competition
|Mk 23||45 ACP||Pistol||limited use in special forces|
|Mk 24||45 ACP||Pistol||HK45 Compact Tactical - limited use in special forces|
|Mk 25||9 x 19mm NATO||Pistol||Sig P226 - limited use in special forces|
|Mk 26||9 x 19mm NATO||Pistol||Glock 26 - limited use in special forces.|
|Mk 27||9 x 19mm NATO||Pistol||Glock 19 - limited use in special forces.|
|Mk 28||9 x 19mm NATO||Pistol||Glock 17 - limited use in special forces.|
|Mk 29||9 x 19mm NATO||Pistol||Glock 34 - limited use in special forces.|
|B&T APC9 Pro-K||9 x 19mm NATO||Submachine gun||Used in Military Police and Security Details as Sub Compact Weapon (SCW)|
|SIG Sauer MPX||9 x 19mm NATO||Submachine gun||Used in night operations, close quarters, hostage rescue, and escort|
|MP5||9 x 19mm NATO||Submachine gun||Used in night operations, close quarters, hostage rescue, and escort|
|Small Caliber Rifles/carbine|
|M16||5.56×45mm NATO||Assault rifle||Standard service rifle. Formerly in use with Army National Guard|
|M4||5.56×45mm NATO||Carbine||Standard service rifle.|
|Mk 16 Mod 0 / Mk 17 Mod 0||5.56×45mm NATO||Assault rifle / Battle rifle||Used by US Army Rangers and Delta Force|
|HK416||5.56×45mm NATO||Assault rifle||Used by Delta Force|
|SIG Sauer MCX||5.56×45mm NATO, .300 AAC Blackout||Assault rifle||Used by Joint Special Operations Command|
|500 MILLS||12-gauge||Shotgun||Used by Delta Force|
|M26 MASS||12-gauge||Modular Accessory Shotgun System||Attaches to M4 or standalone|
|M249||5.56×45mm NATO||Light machine gun||Belt-fed, but can be used with STANAG magazines|
|M240||7.62×51mm NATO||General purpose machine gun||Belt-fed|
|Browning M2||.50 BMG||Heavy machine gun||Mounted on vehicles or tripods.|
|DMRs and sniper rifles|
|Mk 14 EBR||7.62×51mm NATO||Designated Marksman Rifle||To be replaced with the M110A1 CSASS|
|M110 SASS||7.62×51mm NATO||Designated Marksman Rifle||KAC SR-25|
|M110K1 SASS||7.62×51mm NATO, 6.5mm Creedmoor||Designated Marksman Rifle|
|M110A1 CSASS||7.62×51mm NATO, 6.5mm Creedmoor||Compact Squad Designated Marksman Rifle||HK 417 Sniper|
|SIG Sauer 716 G2||7.62×51mm NATO||Designated Marksman Rifle|
|M24 SWS||7.62×51mm NATO||Sniper Weapon System||Remington 700|
|M2010 ESR||.300 Winchester Magnum||Enhanced Sniper Rifle|
|.300 Winchester Magnum||Sniper Rifle||AI Arctic Warfare|
|Mk 20 SSR||7.62×51mm NATO, 6.5mm Creedmoor||Sniper Support Rifle||FN SCAR-H TPR|
|Mk 21 PSR||7.62×51mm NATO, .300 Winchester Magnum, .338 Lapua Magnum||Precision Sniper Rifle||Remington MSR|
|Mk 21 ASR||7,62x51 NATO, .300 Norma Magnum, .338 Norma Magnum||Advanced Sniper Rifle||Barret MRAD|
|M107||.50 BMG||Anti-materiel rifle, sniper rifle|
|Mk 19||40mm||Automatic grenade launcher||Belt-fed.|
|Mk 47 Striker||40mm||Automatic grenade launcher||Fire-control system|
|M203||40mm||Grenade launcher||Single-shot underbarrel grenade launcher|
|M320||40mm||Grenade launcher||Single-shot underbarrel or stand-alone grenade launcher|
|Portable anti-materiel weapons|
|M141||83.5mm||Anti-fortification||Single-shot shoulder-launched weapon designed to defeat hardened structures. Based on the SMAW.|
|M72 LAW||66mm||Anti-tank weapon|
|M3 MAAWS||84x246mm R||Anti-tank recoilless rifle|
|BGM-71 TOW||Guided anti-tank missile|
|FGM-148 Javelin||Fire-and-forget anti-tank missile|
|FIM-92 Stinger||Anti-aircraft missile|
|M109||155 mm self-propelled howitzer||965 active|
500 in storage
|65 M109A7, 900 M109A6|
|M777||155 mm gun-howitzer||518||518 M777A2|
|M119||105 mm howitzer||821||821 M119A2/3|
|M270||991||991 M270A1. Armored, self-propelled, multiple rocket launcher|
|M142||375||M270 pod mounted on a standard Army Medium Tactical Vehicle (MTV) truck frame|
|C-RAM||Unknown||Trailer-mounted version of the Phalanx CIWS|
|AN/TWQ-1 Avenger||~800||Self-propelled surface-to-air missile system mounted on a HMMWV|
|MIM-104||1 106||Mobile, long-range surface-to-air missile with anti-ballistic missile capability|
|HMMWV||100,000||Around 40% of those remaining in service are armored; the armored HMMWVs in service are to be replaced by the JLTV.|
|Light Strike Vehicle||Unknown|
|Oshkosh L-ATV||53,582 (procurement objective)||Will part-replace the Humvee. Oshkosh Defense was awarded JLTV contract on 25 August 2015 for up to 16,901 JLTVs. Procurement objective is 53,582, 49,099 for the U.S. Army and 4,483 for the U.S. Marine Corps.|
|M939 Truck||25,000||Intention is to replace with the Oshkosh FMTV. Figures include National Guard and Air Force.|
|FMTV||108,800 (Active in all services)||Oshkosh Defense - >23,400 trucks/>11,400 trailers (current manufacturer). 74,000 trucks and trailers by legacy manufacturers. Figures include National Guard and Air Force.|
|HEMTT||>27,000 (new build and remanufactured)||Figures include National Guard and Air Force|
|Oshkosh HET||4,079 (delivered; not all remain in service)||2,488 M1070A0 tractors and >2,600 M1000 trailers delivered of which at least 1,009 tractors and >1000 trailers have been Reset. 1,591 M1070A1 delivered. Figures include National Guard and Air Force.|
|M1 Abrams||2,386 active
3,500 in storage
|Main battle tank. 1,611 M1A2SEPv2 and 775 M1A1 SA in active service. 3,500 M1 in storage.|
|M2 Bradley||2,500 active
2,500 in storage
|Infantry fighting vehicle|
|M3 Bradley||1,200 active
800 in storage
|Infantry fighting vehicle|
|M1120 Stryker||4,268||Armored personnel carrier|
8,000 in storage
|Armored personnel carrier|
|M88 Hercules||1,177 active
1,000 in storage
|Armored recovery vehicle. 817 M88A2, 360 M88A1 active. 1,000 M88A1 in storage.|
|M9||250||Combat engineering vehicle|
|M1200 Armored Knight||465||Armored utility vehicle|
|RG-31||2,300 (est.) (all services)||1,679 under MRAP procurement and 570 ONS Army; at least 894 Mk5E are required for conversion into MMPV Type II by the Army|
|2,386 (all services)||712 will be retained by the Army as MMPV Type 1.|
The Pentagon bought 25,000 MRAP vehicles since 2007 in 25 variants through rapid acquisition with no long-term plans for the platforms. The Army plans to divest 7,456 vehicles and retain 8,585. Of the total number of vehicles the Army is to keep, 5,036 are to be put in storage, 1,073 used for training and the remainder spread across the active force. The Oshkosh M-ATV will be kept the most at 5,681 vehicles, as it is smaller and lighter than other MRAPs for off-road mobility. The other most retained vehicle will be the Navistar MaxxPro Dash with 2,633 vehicles and 301 Maxxpro ambulances. Other MRAPs such as the Cougar, BAE Caiman, and larger MaxxPros will be disposed.
- The M240, MK 19, and M2 machine guns can be mounted on vehicles.
- The M134 Minigun, fires 7.62mm ammunition at 3,000 to 4,000 rpm.
- The M3P Machine Gun, an M2 variant with a higher rate of fire mounted on the Avenger Humvee.
- The GAU-19, a rotary gun that fires .50 caliber ammunition. Mounted on Humvees and helicopters.
- The M230 Autocannon fires 30×113mm ammunition at a rate of 625 rounds per minute. It is mounted on the AH-64 Apache and UH-60 Black Hawk Direct Action Penetrator helicopters.
- The M242 Autocannon fires 25×137mm ammunition at a rate of 200 rounds per minute. It is one of the primary armaments of the Bradley Fighting Vehicle, and is one of a variety of anti-air and anti-surface naval armaments.
|EO-5||Reconnaissance||EO-5C||5||Previously designated as RC-7B|
|Cessna UC-35||Utility aircraft||UC-35A
|DHC-6 Twin Otter||Utility STOL aircraft||UV-18A||6|
|AH-6 Little Bird||Attack helicopter||MH/AH-6M||60|
|AH-64 Apache||Attack helicopter||AH-64D
|CH-47 Chinook||Cargo helicopter||CH-47D
|EH-60 Black Hawk||Electronic-warfare helicopter||EH-60A||64|
|MH-47 Chinook||Multi-mission helicopter||MH-47G||27|
|TH-67 Creek||Trainer helicopter||TH-67||180||To be retired by 2020|
|UH-60 Black Hawk||Utility helicopter||UH-60A
|UH-72 Lakota||Utility helicopter||UH-72A||250||345 planned|
|Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)|
|AeroVironment Switchblade||Attack UAV||4400+|
|RQ-11B Raven||Hand-launched UAV||5000|
|Prioria Robotics Maveric||Hand-launched UAV||36|
|RQ-20A Puma||Hand-launched UAV||325|
|RQ-7B Shadow||Reconnaissance UAV||500+|
|MQ-1C Gray Eagle||Extended-Range Multi-Purpose (ERMP) UAV||132
(numbers as per individual articles)
Number of aircraft
As of 4 April 2019, the Army has;
- 193 - fixed-wing/STOL aircraft +
- 3,372 - rotary-wing/helicopters =
- 3,565 - total manned aircraft +
- 10,441 - UAVs/UCAVs/drones =
- 14,006 - grand total of aircraft
|General Frank S. Besson Class||Logistics Support Vessel||2||8|
|Stalwart Class||Ocean Surveillance Ship||1|
|Runnymede Class||Landing Craft Utility||35|
|MGen. Nathanael Greene Class||Large Tug||6|
|Army Combat Uniform (ACU)||Universal Camouflage Pattern
|The ACU uses a new military camouflage pattern called the Universal Camouflage Pattern (UCP), which blends green, tan, and gray to work effectively in desert, woodland, and urban environments. The color scheme of the Army Combat Uniform is composed of a slate gray, desert sand and foliage green pixel pattern, which becomes darker or lighter depending on exposure to sunlight.
Soldiers operating in Afghanistan are issued an ACU with the more appropriate "MultiCam" pattern. In June 2015, the Army announced to replace its UCP pattern with the Operational Camouflage Pattern, which is a modified version of the Multicam. The UCP will eventually be phased out by September 2019.
|Army Aircrew Combat Uniform (A2CU)||Universal Camouflage Pattern||A2CU replaces the Improved Aviation Battle Dress Uniform.|
|Physical Fitness Uniform|
The standard garrison service uniform is known as "Army Greens" or "Class-As". The "Army Blue" uniform, is currently the Army's formal dress uniform, but in 2009 it will replace the Army Green and the Army White uniforms (a uniform similar to the Army Green uniform, but worn in tropical postings) and will become the new Army Service Uniform, which will function as both a garrison uniform (when worn with a white shirt and necktie) and a dress uniform (when worn with a white shirt and either a necktie for parades or a bow tie for "after six" or "black tie" events). The Patrol Cap is worn with the ACU for garrison duty; and the beret with the Army Service Uniform for non-ceremonial functions. The Army Blue Service Cap, is allowed for wear by any soldier ranked CPL or above at the discretion of the commander.
Body armor in all units is the Improved Outer Tactical Vest, which is now being supplemented with the lightweight Modular Body Armor Vest and Soldier Plate Carrier System. Head protection is provided by the Advanced Combat Helmet and Modular Integrated Communications Helmet, which are being replaced in deployed units by the Enhanced Combat Helmet.
Modular sleep system
The Modular Sleep System (MSS) is a sleeping bag kit used by the United States Army and manufactured by Tennier Industries. It consists of a camouflaged, waterproof, breathable bivy cover, a lightweight patrol sleeping bag, and an intermediate cold-weather sleeping bag (note that the color differs depending on the vintage of the gear). Compression sacks are included to store and carry the system. The MSS is available in a variety of camouflage patterns. The patrol bag provides weather protection from 35–50 °F (2–10 °C). The intermediate bag provides cold weather protection from −5–35 °F (−21–2 °C). Combining the patrol bag and intermediate bags provides extreme cold weather protection in temperatures as low as −30 °F (−34 °C). The bivy cover can be used with each of three MSS configurations (patrol, intermediate, or combined) to provide environmental protection from wind and water. The sleeping bags are made of ripstop nylon fabrics and continuous-filament polyester insulation; the camouflage bivy cover is made with waterproof, breathable, coated or laminated nylon fabric; the compression sacks are made with water-resistant and durable nylon fabrics.
This section incorporates work from https://peosoldier.army.mil/newpeo/Equipment/Temp.asp?id=CIE_SS, which is in the public domain as it is a work of the United States Military.
In November 2012, the U.S. Army developed a tactical 3D printing capability to allow it to rapidly manufacture critical components on the battlefield. Additive manufacturing is now a capability at Rock Island Arsenal where parts can now be manufactured outside a factory including:
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to United States Army equipment.|
- M9 Pistol, U.S. Army Fact Files.
- John Pike. "M9 9 mm Beretta Pistol". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- [http://www.foxnews.com/tech/2017/01/20/army-picks-sig-sauers-p320-handgun-to-replace-m9-service-pistol.html Army picks Sig Sauer's P320 handgun to replace M9 service pistol ], Fox News Tech
- M16 Rifle, U.S. Army Fact Files.
- John Pike (22 December 2010). "M16 5.56mm Rifle". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- M4 Carbine, U.S. Army Fact Files.
- John Pike (21 December 2010). "M4 / M4A1 5.56mm Carbine". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- M249 Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
- John Pike. "M249 Squad Automatic Weapon". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- M240 Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
- John Pike. "M240 7.62mm Machine Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- John Pike (24 February 2011). "M2 .50 Caliber Machine Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- Mk193 Grenade Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
- John Pike (13 January 2011). "Mk 19 Grenade Machine Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- M203 Grenade Launcher, U.S. Army Fact Files.
- John Pike. "M203 40mm Grenade Launcher". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- Carl Gustaf Selected as Standard Equipment for US Army Light Infantry Units - Deagel.com, 20 February 2014
- M224 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
- John Pike (27 November 2005). "M224 60 mm Lightweight Mortar". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- M252 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
- John Pike. "M252 81 mm Medium Extended Range Mortar". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- International Institute for Strategic Studies (15 February 2019). The Military Balance 2019. Routledge. pp. 49–50. ISBN 978-1857439885.
- M120 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
- John Pike. "M120 120 mm Mortar". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- "Saint-Gobain Crystals delivers transparent armor for M142 HIMARS windshields and door windows". 8 November 2013.
- "Avenger Low Level Air Defence System, United States of America". army-technology.com. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
- "Lockheed Martin Protests JLTV contract award to Oshkosh". 8 September 2015. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
- "Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV) (Nov)". IHS Jane's. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- "Oshkosh M977 heavy expanded mobility tactical truck (HEMTT) and M989A1 heavy expanded mobility ammunition trailer (HEMAT)". IHS Jane's Shaun C Connors & Christopher F Foss. 14 June 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
- "Oshkosh M1070 and M1070A1 (8 × 8) Heavy Equipment Transporters (HETs) and M1000 semi-trailer". IHS Jane's Shaun C Connors & Christopher F Foss. 27 August 2015. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
- "Retasking MRAP: Life after Afghanistan". Jane's International Defence Review. 2 April 2015. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
- "Buffalo MRAP". www.tanks-encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
- "Majority of MRAPs to be scrapped or stored". Military Times, 5 January 2014
- John Pike. "M230 Automatic Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- John Pike (25 January 2006). "M242 Bushmaster 25 mm Automatic Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- Aviation Week & Space Technology 2009, 26 JAN 2009 240. Web.28 Aug 2009. <http://www.aviationweek.com/aw/sourcebook/content.jsp?channelName=pro&story=xml/sourcebook_xml/2009/01/26/AW_01_26_2009_p0240-112924-158.xml&headline=World%20Military%20Aircraft%20Inventory%20-%20United+States%5B%5D>.
- Drew, James (25 September 2015). "Beale AFB farewells MC-12 as spy plane moves to Army and SOCOM". Flight Global. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
- WebCite query result
- Huber, Mark (28 January 2016). "Flight Training Begins for First Class of Lakota Pilots". Aviation International News. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
- "Sikorsky Aircraft Delivers 100th New Production UH-60M BLACK HAWK Helicopter to U.S". Reuters. 25 March 2009. Archived from the original on 5 May 2009.
- "Sikorsky to deliver 102 new tactical multirole helicopters to US armed forces". 19 November 2014.
- "News – Feature story – The UH-72A "comes home" to its new Army assignment in Mississippi". UH-72A. Retrieved 13 June 2011.
- United States Army purchases Maveric bird camouflage UAS Archived 3 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine - Armyrecognition.com, 26 November 2013
- hazegray.org – World Navies Today: US Army
- Lopez, C. (20 February 2010). "Soldiers to get new cammo pattern for wear in Afghanistan". US Army. US Army. Retrieved 22 February 2010.
- US Army (13 August 2011). "Sleep Systems". PEO Soldier. Archived from the original on 13 August 2011.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
- "US army builds its own 3D printer". BBC News. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
- New Army initiatives cut costs, get essential equipment to Soldiers faster