List of distinct cell types in the adult human body

Cells derived primarily from endoderm

Exocrine secretory epithelial cells

Barrier cells

Hormone-secreting cells

Cells derived primarily from ectoderm

Exocrine secretory epithelial cells

Hormone-secreting cells

Epithelial cells

Oral cells

Nervous system

There are nerve cells, also known as neurons, present in our human body. They are branched out. These cells make up nervous tissue. A neuron consists of a cell body with a nucleus and cytoplasm, from which long thin hair-like parts arise.

Sensory transducer cells

Autonomic neuron cells

Sense organ and peripheral neuron supporting cells

  • Inner pillar cell of organ of Corti
  • Outer pillar cell of organ of Corti
  • Inner phalangeal cell of organ of Corti
  • Outer phalangeal cell of organ of Corti
  • Border cell of organ of Corti
  • Hensen's cells of organ of Corti
  • Vestibular apparatus supporting cell
  • Taste bud supporting cell
  • Olfactory epithelium supporting cell
  • Schwann cell
  • Satellite glial cell (encapsulating peripheral nerve cell bodies)
  • Enteric glial cell

Central nervous system neurons and glial cells

Lens cells

  • Anterior lens epithelial cell
  • Crystallin-containing lens fiber cell

Cells derived primarily from mesoderm

Metabolism and storage cells

Secretory cells

Barrier cells

Urinary system

Reproductive system

Circulatory system

Extracellular matrix cells

Note: Cephalic connective tissue and bones are derived from the Cranial neural crest which comes from the ectoderm germ layer

Contractile cells

Blood and immune system cells

Germ cells

Nurse cell

Interstitial cells

See also


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