List of countries by irreligion

Irreligion, which may include deism, agnosticism, ignosticism, anti-religion, atheism, skepticism, ietsism, spiritual but not religious, freethought, anti-theism, apatheism, non-belief, pandeism, secular humanism, non-religious theism, pantheism and panentheism, varies in the countries around the world. According to reports from the Worldwide Independent Network/Gallup International Association's (WIN/GIA) four global polls: in 2005, 77% were a religious person and 4% were "convinced atheists" while in 2012, 23% were not a religious person and an additional 13% were "convinced atheists";[2] in 2015, 22% were not a religious person and an additional 11% were "convinced atheists";[3] and in 2017, 25% were not a religious person and an additional 9% were "convinced atheists".[4]

According to sociologist Phil Zuckerman, broad estimates of those who have an absence of belief in a god range from 500 to 750 million people worldwide.[5] According to sociologists Ariela Keysar and Juhem Navarro-Rivera's review of numerous global studies on atheism, there are 450 to 500 million positive atheists and agnostics worldwide (7% of the world's population), with China having the most atheists in the world (200 million convinced atheists).[6]

Methods

Each poll uses different questions and methods:-

The numbers come from different years, and might not be accurate for countries with governments that require or urge religion or secularism.

Countries and regions

The WIN-Gallup International Association (WIN/GIA) poll results below are the totals for "not a religious person" and "a convinced atheist" combined. Keysar et al. have advised caution with WIN/Gallup International figures since more extensive surveys which have used the same wording for decades and have bigger sample sizes, have consistently reached lower figures. For example, the WIN/GIA numbers from China were overestimated which in turn inflated global totals.[6]

Country or Region WIN/GIA

(2017)[7]

WIN/GIA[3]
(2015)
WIN/GIA[8][9]
(2012)
Dentsu[10]
(2006)
Zuckerman[5]
 Afghanistan (details) 9% 15%
 Albania (details) 39% 8%
 Argentina 20% 20% 26%13%48%
 Armenia 6% 5% 5%34%
 Australia (details) 63% 58% 58%2425%
 Austria 53% 54% 53%12%1826%
 Azerbaijan (details) 64% 54% 51%
 Bangladesh (details) 19% 5%
 Belarus 48%17%
 Belgium (details) 64% 48% 34%35%4243%
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 22% 32% 29%
 Brazil (details) 17% 18% 14%
 Bulgaria (details) 39% 39% 30%30%3440%
 Cameroon 17%
 Canada (details) 57% 53% 49%26%1930%
 Chile 34%
 China (details) 90% 90% 77%93%814%
 Colombia 14% 17% 15%
 DR Congo 17%
 Croatia (details) 13%7%
 Cuba 7%
 Czech Republic (details) 72% 75% 78%64%5461%
 Denmark (details) 61% 52% 10%4380%
 Dominican Republic 7%
 Ecuador 18% 28% 29%
 Estonia (details) 60% 76%49%
 Fiji 8% 7% 6%
 Finland (details) 55% 42% 44%12%2860%
 France (details) 50% 53% 63%43%4354%
 Georgia (details) 7% 13%
 Germany (details) 60% 59% 48%25%4149%
 Ghana (details) 1% 2%
 Greece 22% 21% 4%16%
 Hong Kong 63% 70% 60%
 Hungary 43%3246%
 Iceland (details) 49% 44% 41%4%1623%
 India (details) 5% 23% 16%7%
 Indonesia (details) 30% 15%
 Iran (details) 20% 1%
 Iraq (details) 34% 9%
 Ireland (details) 56% 51% 54%7%
 Israel (details) 58% 65% 1537%
 Italy (details) 26% 24% 23%18%615%
 Japan (details) 60% 62% 62%52%6465%
 Kazakhstan (details) 1112%
 Kenya (details) 9% 11%
 Kosovo 3% 8%
 Kyrgyzstan 7%
 Latvia 52% 50% 41%2029%
 Lebanon (details) 28% 18% 35%
 Lithuania 40% 23%19%13%
 Luxembourg 30%
 Macedonia 11% 10% 9%
 Malaysia 23% 13%
 Malta 1%
 Mexico (details) 36% 28%
 Moldova 10%
 Mongolia 29% 9%
 Morocco (details) 5%
 Netherlands (details) 66% 56%55%3944%
 New Zealand (details) 2022%
 Nigeria (details) 2% 16% 5%1%
 North Korea 15%
 Norway (details) 62% 3172%
 Pakistan (details) 6% 11% 10%
 Palestinian territories 35% 19% 33%
 Panama 13%
 Papua New Guinea 5% 4%
 Peru 23% 13% 11%5%
 Philippines (details) 9% 22% 11%
 Poland (details) 10% 12% 14%5%
 Portugal 38% 37% 11%49%
 Puerto Rico 11%
 Romania (details) 9% 17% 7%2%
 Russia (details) 30% 23% 32%48%2448%
 Saudi Arabia (details) 24%
 Serbia 21% 21% 19%
 Singapore (details) 13%
 Slovakia 23%1028%
 Slovenia 53% 30%3538%
 South Africa (details) 32%11%
 South Korea (details) 60% 55% 46%37%3052%
 South Sudan 16%
 Spain (details) 57% 55% 47%16%1524%
 Sweden (details) 73% 76% 58%25%4685%
  Switzerland (details) 58% 47%1727%
 Taiwan 24%
 Tanzania 2%
 Thailand 2% 2%
 Tunisia 33%
 Turkey (details) 15% 75%3%
 Uganda (details) 1%
 Ukraine 42% 24% 23%42%20%
 United Kingdom (details) 69% 66% 3144%
 United States (details) 39% 39% 35%20%39%
 Uruguay (details) 12%
 Uzbekistan 18%
 Venezuela 2% 27%
 Vietnam 63% 54% 65%46%81%

By population as of 2004

Countries with the greatest number of people without religion (atheists and agnostics), based on the total population of each country as of 2004 and the percentage of non-religious people according to Zuckerman:[5]

CountryPeople without religion
 China103,907,840 – 181,838,720
 India102,870,000
 Japan81,493,120 – 82,766,450
 Vietnam66,978,900
 Russia34,507,680 – 69,015,360
 Germany33,794,250 – 40,388,250
 France25,982,320 – 32,628,960
 United Kingdom18,684,010 – 26,519,240
 South Korea14,579,400 – 25,270,960
 Ukraine9,546,400
 United States8,790,840 – 26,822,520
 Netherlands6,364,020 – 7,179,920
 Canada6,176,520 – 9,752,400
 Spain6,042,150 – 9,667,440
 Taiwan5,460,000
 Hong Kong5,240,000
 Czech Republic5,328,940 – 6,250,121
 Australia4,779,120 – 4,978,250
 Belgium4,346,160 – 4,449,640
 Sweden4,133,560 – 7,638,100
 Italy3,483,420 – 8,708,550
 North Korea3,404,700
 Hungary3,210,240 – 4,614,720
 Bulgaria2,556,120 – 3,007,200
 Denmark2,327,590 – 4,330,400
 Belarus1,752,870
 Greece1,703,680
 Kazakhstan1,665,840 – 1,817,280
 Argentina1,565,800 – 3,131,600
 Austria1,471,500 – 2,125,500
 Finland1,460,200 – 3,129,000
 Norway1,418,250 – 3,294,000
  Switzerland1,266,670 – 2,011,770
 Israel929,850 – 2,293,630
 New Zealand798,800 – 878,680
 Cuba791,630
 Slovenia703,850 – 764,180
 Estonia657,580
 Dominican Republic618,380
 Singapore566,020
 Slovakia542,400 – 1,518,720
 Lithuania469,040
 Latvia461,200 – 668,740
 Portugal420,960 – 947,160
 Armenia118,740
 Uruguay407,880
 Kyrgyzstan355,670
 Croatia314,790
 Albania283,600
 Mongolia247,590
 Iceland47,040 – 67,620

See also

References

  1. Based on the data of the Dentsu Communication Institute and the data of Zuckerman. Largest values taken.
  2. "Global Index of Religion and Atheism" (PDF). WIN/Gallup International. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 October 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2015.
  3. "Losing our Religion? Two Thirds of People Still Claim to be Religious" (PDF). WIN/Gallup International. WIN/Gallup International. 13 April 2015.
  4. "Wayback Machine" (PDF). 14 November 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 November 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  5. Zuckerman, Phil (2006). "Atheism: Contemporary Numbers and Patterns". In Martin, Michael (ed.). The Cambridge Companion to Atheism. Cambridge University Press. pp. 47–66. ISBN 9780521842709.
  6. Keysar, Ariela; Navarro-Rivera, Juhem (2017). "36. A World of Atheism: Global Demographics". In Bullivant, Stephen; Ruse, Michael (eds.). The Oxford Handbook of Atheism. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0199644659.
  7. "Wayback Machine" (PDF). 14 November 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 November 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  8. "WIN-Gallup International 'Religiosity and Atheism Index' reveals atheists are a small minority in the early years of 21st century". WIN-Gallup International. Retrieved 14 November 2015.
  9. "GLOBAL INDEX OF RELIGIOSITY AND ATHEISM – 2012" (PDF). WIN-Gallup International. 27 July 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 October 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2015.
  10. Dentsu Communication Institute 電通総研・日本リサーチセンター編「世界60カ国価値観データブック (in Japanese)

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