List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita

This page lists the countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product per capita at nominal values. This is the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year, converted at market exchange rates to current U.S. dollars, divided by the average population for the same year.

The figures presented here do not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries, and the results vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the country's currency. Such fluctuations change a country's ranking from one year to the next, even though they often make little or no difference to the standard of living of its population.

Therefore, these figures should be used with caution. GDP per capita is often considered an indicator of a country's standard of living;[1][2] although this is problematic because GDP per capita is not a measure of personal income.

Comparisons of national income are also frequently made on the basis of purchasing power parity (PPP), to adjust for differences in the cost of living in different countries. (See List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita.) PPP largely removes the exchange rate problem but not others; it does not reflect the value of economic output in international trade, and it also requires more estimation than GDP per capita. On the whole, PPP per capita figures are more narrowly spread than nominal GDP per capita figures.

Non-sovereign entities (the world, continents, and some dependent territories) and states with limited international recognition (such as Kosovo, Palestine and Taiwan) are included in the list in cases in which they appear in the sources. These economies are not ranked in the charts here, but are listed in sequence by GDP for comparison. In addition, non-sovereign entities are marked in italics.

Note that the Irish GDP data below is subject to material distortion by the tax planning activities of foreign multinationals in Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is over 150% of 2015 Irish GNI. To address this, in 2017 the Central Bank of Ireland created "modified GNI" (or GNI*) as a more appropriate statistic, and the OECD and IMF have adopted it for Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is 143% of 2015 Irish GNI*.

All data are in current United States dollars. Historical data can be found here.

List of per capita nominal GDP for countries and dependencies

International Monetary Fund (2018)[3] World Bank (2018)[4] United Nations (2017)[5]
Rank Country/Territory US$
1 Luxembourg114,234
2  Switzerland82,950
 Macau82,388
3 Norway81,695
4 Ireland76,099
5 Iceland74,278
6 Qatar70,780
7 Singapore64,041
8 United States62,606
9 Denmark60,692
10 Australia56,352
11 Sweden53,873
12 Netherlands53,106
13 Austria51,509
14 Finland49,845
15 San Marino48,946
 Hong Kong48,517
16 Germany48,264
17 Belgium46,724
18 Canada46,261
19 France42,878
20 United Kingdom42,558
21 Israel41,644
22 New Zealand41,267
23 United Arab Emirates40,711
24 Japan39,306
25 Italy34,260
26 Bahamas, The34,003
27 Brunei32,414
 Puerto Rico31,939
28 Korea, South31,346
29 Malta31,058
30 Kuwait30,839
31 Spain30,697
32 Cyprus28,340
33 Slovenia26,243
34 Bahrain25,851
 Aruba25,466
 Taiwan24,971
35 Saudi Arabia23,566
36 Portugal23,186
37 Estonia22,990
38 Czech Republic22,850
39 Greece20,408
40 Slovakia19,582
41 Oman19,302
42 Lithuania19,143
43 Saint Kitts and Nevis18,203
44 Latvia18,032
45 Barbados17,961
46 Antigua and Barbuda17,636
47 Uruguay17,165
48 Seychelles16,472
49 Trinidad and Tobago16,223
50 Palau16,091
51 Chile16,079
52 Hungary15,924
53 Panama15,679
54 Poland15,431
55 Croatia14,816
56 Maldives14,501
57 Romania12,285
58 Costa Rica11,744
59 Argentina11,627
World11,355
60 Russia11,327
61 Mauritius11,281
62 Grenada11,042
63 Malaysia10,942
64 Saint Lucia10,610
65 Equatorial Guinea10,453
66 Mexico9,807
67 China9,608
68 Turkey9,346
69 Bulgaria9,267
70 Lebanon9,257
71 Kazakhstan9,237
72 Nauru9,037
73 Brazil8,968
74 Montenegro8,652
75 Gabon8,297
76 Botswana8,137
77 Dominican Republic7,881
78 Turkmenistan7,646
79 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines7,491
80 Serbia7,243
81 Thailand7,187
82 Peru7,002
83 Dominica6,977
84 Libya6,692
85 Colombia6,684
86 South Africa6,377
87 Ecuador6,316
88 Belarus6,306
89 North Macedonia6,100
90 Iraq5,930
91 Paraguay5,899
92 Suriname5,799
93 Fiji5,752
94 Namibia5,727
95 Bosnia and Herzegovina5,674
96 Iran5,491
97 Jamaica5,392
98 Albania5,289
99 Belize4,862
100 Tonga4,666
101 Guyana4,649
102 Guatemala4,575
103 Azerbaijan4,569
 Kosovo4,403
104 Georgia4,400
105 Samoa4,318
106 Jordan4,278
107 Eswatini4,250
108 Algeria4,238
109 Armenia4,169
110 Tuvalu4,096
111 Sri Lanka4,068
112 Mongolia4,026
113 El Salvador3,924
114 Indonesia3,871
115 Marshall Islands3,831
116 Bolivia3,682
117 Angola3,669
118 Micronesia, Federated States of3,656
119 Cape Verde3,563
120 Tunisia3,423
121 Venezuela3,374
122 Morocco3,359
123 Vanuatu3,254
124 Moldova3,218
125 Bhutan3,215
126 Philippines3,104
127 Ukraine2,963
128 Laos2,720
129 Egypt2,573
130 Vietnam2,551
131 Papua New Guinea2,530
132 Honduras2,521
133 Congo, Republic of the2,511
134 East Timor2,435
135 Solomon Islands2,271
136 Ghana2,206
137 Nicaragua2,108
138 Djibouti2,085
139 São Tomé and Príncipe2,063
140 Nigeria2,049
141 India2,036
142 Kenya1,857
143 Bangladesh1,745
144 Zimbabwe1,712
145 Côte d'Ivoire1,680
146 Kiribati1,641
147 Pakistan1,555
148 Cameroon1,548
149 Cambodia1,509
150 Senegal1,474
151 Zambia1,417
152 Lesotho1,358
153 Myanmar1,298
154 Kyrgyzstan1,268
155 Uzbekistan1,263
156 Mauritania1,143
157 Tanzania1,134
158 Eritrea1,112
159   Nepal972
160 Mali927
161 Benin915
162 Guinea883
163 Chad874
164 Comoros873
165 Yemen872
166 Haiti857
167 Ethiopia853
168 Guinea-Bissau840
169 Tajikistan826
170 Sudan808
171 Rwanda791
172 Gambia, The745
173 Burkina Faso729
174 Liberia728
175 Uganda724
176 Togo670
177 Afghanistan544
178 Sierra Leone516
179 Niger477
180 Mozambique476
181 Madagascar459
182 Congo, Democratic Republic of the449
183 Central African Republic430
184 Malawi351
185 Burundi307
186 South Sudan303
Rank Country/Territory US$
1 Luxembourg114,341
 Macau86,365
2  Switzerland82,839
3 Norway81,807
4 Ireland77,450
5 Iceland73,191
6 Qatar69,027
7 Singapore64,582
8 United States62,641
9 Denmark60,596
10 Australia57,305
11 Sweden54,112
12 Netherlands52,978
13 Austria51,513
14 Finland49,960
 Hong Kong48,717
15 Germany48,196
16 Belgium46,556
17 Canada46,125
18 United Arab Emirates43,005
19 United Kingdom42,491
20 Andorra42,030
21 New Zealand41,966
22 Israel41,614
23 France41,464
24 Japan39,287
 European Union36,532
25 Italy34,318
26 Kuwait34,244
 Puerto Rico31,651
27 Brunei31,628
28 Korea, South31,363
29 Spain30,524
30 Malta30,075
31 Cyprus28,159
 Turks and Caicos Islands27,142
32 Slovenia26,234
33 Bahrain24,051
34 Saudi Arabia23,219
35 Portugal23,146
36 Czech Republic22,973
37 Estonia22,928
38 Greece20,324
39 Saint Kitts and Nevis19,829
40 Slovakia19,547
41 Lithuania19,090
42 Latvia18,089
43 Palau17,318
44 Uruguay17,278
45 Antigua and Barbuda16,864
46 Trinidad and Tobago16,844
47 Seychelles16,434
48 Oman16,419
49 Hungary15,939
50 Chile15,923
51 Panama15,575
52 Poland15,424
53 Croatia14,869
54 Romania12,301
55 Costa Rica12,027
56 Argentina11,653
World11,297
57 Russia11,289
58 Malaysia11,239
59 Mauritius11,238
60 Grenada10,834
61 Saint Lucia10,315
62 Maldives10,224
63 Equatorial Guinea10,174
64 China9,771
65 Mexico9,698
66 Kazakhstan9,331
67 Turkey9,311
68 Bulgaria9,273
69 Nauru9,030
70 Brazil8,921
71 Montenegro8,761
72 Lebanon8,270
73 Botswana8,259
74 Gabon8,030
75 Dominican Republic7,650
76 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines7,378
77 Thailand7,274
78 Libya7,235
79 Serbia7,234
80 Dominica7,032
81 Turkmenistan6,967
82 Peru6,947
83 Colombia6,651
84 Ecuador6,345
85 South Africa6,340
86 Belarus6,290
87 Fiji6,202
88 North Macedonia6,084
89 Bosnia and Herzegovina5,951
90 Suriname5,950
91 Namibia5,932
92 Iraq5,878
93 Paraguay5,872
94 Jamaica5,356
95 Albania5,254
96 Belize5,025
97 Azerbaijan4,721
98 Guyana4,635
99 Guatemala4,549
100 Samoa4,393
101 Tonga4,364
102 Georgia4,345
 Kosovo4,281
103 Algeria4,279
104 Jordan4,248
105 Armenia4,212
106 Eswatini4,140
107 Mongolia4,104
108 Sri Lanka4,103
109 El Salvador4,058
110 Indonesia3,894
111 Tuvalu3,701
112 Cape Verde3,654
113 Marshall Islands3,621
114 Bolivia3,549
115 Tunisia3,447
116 Angola3,432
117 Bhutan3,361
118 Morocco3,238
 Palestine3,199
119 Moldova3,189
120 Philippines3,103
121 Ukraine3,095
122 Micronesia, Federated States of3,058
123 Vanuatu3,033
124 Papua New Guinea2,723
125 Laos2,568
126 Vietnam2,564
127 Egypt2,549
128 Honduras2,483
129 Ghana2,202
130 Solomon Islands2,163
131 Congo, Republic of the2,148
132 Zimbabwe2,147
133 Djibouti2,050
134 East Timor2,036
135 Nicaragua2,029
136 Nigeria2,028
137 India2,016
138 São Tomé and Príncipe2,001
139 Côte d'Ivoire1,716
140 Kenya1,711
141 Bangladesh1,698
142 Kiribati1,625
143 Zambia1,540
144 Uzbekistan1,532
145 Cameroon1,527
146 Senegal1,522
147 Cambodia1,512
148 Pakistan1,473
149 Comoros1,446
150 Myanmar1,326
151 Lesotho1,324
152 Kyrgyzstan1,281
153 Mauritania1,219
154 Tanzania1,051
155   Nepal1,026
156 Sudan977
157 Yemen944
158 Benin902
159 Mali901
160 Guinea885
161 Haiti868
162 Tajikistan827
163 Guinea-Bissau778
164 Rwanda773
165 Ethiopia772
166 Burkina Faso731
167 Chad730
168 Gambia, The713
169 Liberia674
170 Togo672
171 Uganda643
172 Congo, Democratic Republic of the562
173 Sierra Leone523
174 Afghanistan521
175 Central African Republic510
176 Somalia499
177 Madagascar461
178 Burundi412
179 Niger389
180 Malawi275
Rank Country/Territory US$
1 Liechtenstein166,022
2 Monaco165,421
3 Luxembourg106,806
 Bermuda102,192
 Macau80,893
4  Switzerland80,101
5 Norway75,295
6 Iceland73,060
7 Ireland69,604
 Cayman Islands65,472
8 Qatar63,506
9 United States60,055
10 Australia57,613
11 Denmark57,533
12 Singapore56,737
13 Sweden54,043
14 San Marino50,588
 Greenland49,398
15 Netherlands48,754
16 Austria47,718
 Hong Kong46,390
17 Finland45,670
18 Germany44,976
19 Canada44,974
20 Belgium43,289
21 New Zealand42,936
22 Israel42,452
23 United Arab Emirates40,699
24 United Kingdom39,758
25 Andorra39,153
26 France38,415
27 Japan38,220
 New Caledonia35,815
28 Italy32,747
 Virgin Islands, British31,917
29 Korea, South30,025
30 Bahamas, The29,825
31 Malta29,137
32 Kuwait28,897
 Turks and Caicos Islands28,689
 Puerto Rico28,451
33 Spain28,354
34 Brunei28,291
 Europe27,222
Americas26,748
35 Cyprus25,790
 Aruba25,655
36 Bahrain23,688
37 Slovenia23,296
38 Saudi Arabia20,761
39 Czech Republic20,326
 French Polynesia19,807
40 Estonia19,793
 Curaçao19,586
41 Portugal18,882
 Anguilla18,861
42 Greece18,198
 Cook Islands17,798
43 Slovakia17,552
44 Uruguay17,120
45 Saint Kitts and Nevis16,818
46 Barbados16,494
47 Lithuania16,450
48 Trinidad and Tobago16,145
49 Seychelles15,693
50 Latvia15,625
51 Chile15,347
52 Oman15,267
53 Panama15,088
54 Antigua and Barbuda14,803
55 Argentina14,400
56 Hungary14,376
57 Poland13,786
58 Palau13,417
59 Croatia13,177
60 Costa Rica11,734
 Montserrat11,582
61 Maldives11,151
62 Russia10,956
63 Romania10,763
World10,665
64 Mauritius10,565
65 Turkey10,546
66 Grenada10,451
67 Nauru10,045
68 Malaysia9,951
69 Equatorial Guinea9,850
70 Brazil9,821
71 Saint Lucia9,607
 South America9,393
72 Mexico8,967
73 Lebanon8,778
74 Kazakhstan8,756
75 China8,682
76 Cuba8,433
77 Bulgaria8,218
Central America7,990
78 Venezuela7,977
79 Botswana7,596
80 Gabon7,221
81 Dominican Republic7,052
82 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines6,980
83 Montenegro6,958
84 Suriname6,757
85 Dominica6,719
86 Thailand6,595
87 Turkmenistan6,585
88 Peru6,572
89 Colombia6,302
90 Ecuador6,273
91 South Africa6,151
92 Serbia5,912
93 Belarus5,750
94 Iran5,680
95 North Macedonia5,415
96 Fiji5,382
97 Namibia5,227
98 Bosnia and Herzegovina5,181
99 Jamaica5,130
100 Belize5,077
101 Iraq4,756
102 Guyana4,555
103 Guatemala4,471
104 Albania4,450
105 Samoa4,356
106 Paraguay4,322
Southeast Asia4,266
107 Angola4,247
108 Jordan4,196
109 Sri Lanka4,184
110 Azerbaijan4,146
 Kosovo4,116
111 Algeria4,055
112 Tonga3,950
113 Libya3,942
114 Armenia3,937
115 Tuvalu3,924
116 El Salvador3,889
117 Georgia3,875
118 Indonesia3,847
119 Marshall Islands3,753
120 Mongolia3,620
121 Tunisia3,475
122 Bolivia3,394
123 Cape Verde3,245
124 Eswatini3,224
125 Micronesia, Federated States of3,188
126 Vanuatu3,128
127 Bhutan3,173
128 Morocco3,070
129 Philippines2,989
130 Sudan2,967
 Palestine2,946
131 Papua New Guinea2,667
132 Ukraine2,536
133 Honduras2,480
134 Laos2,457
135 Vietnam2,342
136 East Timor2,279
137 Nicaragua2,222
138 Congo, Republic of the2,147
139 Ghana2,046
140 Moldova2,006
141 Egypt2,000
142 Solomon Islands1,982
143 Nigeria1,969
144 Djibouti1,928
145 India1,923
146 São Tomé and Príncipe1,921
Africa1,766
147 Kiribati1,694
148 Côte d'Ivoire1,566
149 Uzbekistan1,557
150 Pakistan1,534
151 Zambia1,513
152 Kenya1,508
153 Bangladesh1,492
154 Cameroon1,452
155 Cambodia1,382
156 Senegal1,333
157 Comoros1,330
158 Myanmar1,257
159 Kyrgyzstan1,251
160 Lesotho1,178
161 Eritrea1,147
162 Mauritania1,129
163 Zimbabwe1,091
164 Yemen990
165 Tanzania934
166   Nepal849
167 Syria831
168 Benin826
169 Mali822
170 Guinea803
171 Tajikistan801
172 Haiti776
173 Rwanda748
174 Guinea-Bissau724
175 Ethiopia720
176 Chad719
177 Gambia, The709
178 Korea, North685
179 Uganda646
180 Burkina Faso642
181 Afghanistan619
182 Togo614
183 Liberia584
184 Madagascar517
185 Sierra Leone495
186 Congo, Democratic Republic of the463
187 South Sudan453
188 Central African Republic428
189 Mozambique426
190 Niger378
191 Malawi340
192 Burundi290

Other countries

The following are countries not included in the above three lists:

  •  Wales - In 2017 the GDP (nominal) per capita of Wales was $24,163[6] placing it 34th on the IMF list.
  •  Scotland - In 2018 the GDP (nominal) per capita of Scotland was $43,740[7] placing it 19th, just above France.

Distorted GDP-per-capita for tax havens

Many of leading GDP-per-capita (nominal) jurisdictions are tax havens whose economic data is artificially inflated by tax-driven corporate accounting entries.

A stunning $12 trillion—almost 40 percent of all foreign direct investment positions globally—is completely artificial: it consists of financial investment passing through empty corporate shells with no real activity. These investments in empty corporate shells almost always pass through well-known tax havens. The eight major pass-through economies—the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Hong Kong SAR, the British Virgin Islands, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Ireland, and Singapore—host more than 85 percent of the world’s investment in special purpose entities, which are often set up for tax reasons.

"Piercing the Veil", International Monetary Fund, June 2018[8]

A fuller discussion on this topic is in the List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita article.

See also

Notes and references

  1. O'Sullivan, Arthur
  2. French President seeks alternatives to GDP, The Guardian 14-09-2009.
    "European Parliament, Policy Department Economic and Scientific Policy: Beyond GDP Study" (PDF). (1.47 MB)
  3. "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2019". World Economic Outlook. International Monetary Fund. April 2019. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  4. Data refer mostly to the year 2018. Selecting all countries, GDP per capita (current US$), World Bank. Accessed on 1st of July 2019.
  5. National Accounts Main Aggregates Database, 2017, (Select all countries, "GDP, Per Capita GDP - US Dollars", and 2016 to generate table), United Nations Statistics Division. Accessed on 17 Jan 2019.
  6. ons.gov.uk; retrieved 25 October 2019.
  7. www2.gov.scot; retrieved 25 October 2019.
  8. "Piercing the Veil, FINANCE & DEVELOPMENT, JUNE 2018, VOL. 55, NO. 2". IMF Finance & Development. June 2018.
  1. Based on the IMF data. If no data was available for a country from IMF, data from the World Bank is used
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