List of countries and territories by land borders
This is a list of countries and territories by land borders. The number of unique land borders of each country or territory is indicated as well the names of its neighbouring countries and territories. The length of each land border is included, as is the total length of each country's and territory's land borders.
Countries or territories that are connected only by bridges or other man-made causeways are not considered to have land borders. However, borders along lakes, rivers, and other internal waters are considered land borders for the purposes of this article. Footnotes are included to provide clarity regarding the status of certain countries and territories.
|Total length of land borders||No. of unique land borders||No. of unique land neighbours|
|6,774||4,209||4 (3)||4 (3)|
|60||37||1 (2)||1 (2)|
|867||539||5 (6)||2 (3)|
- Longest land border:
China: 22,147 km (13,762 mi)
- Longest land border between two countries:
Canada – United States: 8,891 km (5,525 mi) (Canada–United States border)
- Longest single segments of land borders:
- Shortest land borders between two countries:
- Shortest single segments of land border:
Åland Islands, Finland – Sweden: 55 m (180 ft) at Märket Morocco – Spain: 75 m (246 ft) at Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera Romania – Ukraine: 80 m (260 ft) at K Island Canada – United States: 140 m (460 ft) at the southern tip of Dall Island Finland – Russia: 140 m (460 ft) at Koiluoto Botswana – Zambia: 155 m (509 ft) Belgium – Netherlands: 210 m (690 ft) at Baarle-Nassau / Baarle-Hertog Belgium – Netherlands: 215 m (705 ft) at Baarle-Nassau / Baarle-Hertog Belgium – Netherlands: 250 m (820 ft) north of Baarle-Nassau / Baarle-Hertog Belgium – Netherlands: 260 m (850 ft) at Baarle-Nassau / Baarle-Hertog
- Most separate segments of land borders between any two countries or territories:
- Highest number of bordering countries:
Brazil has borders with all South America countries except for Ecuador and Chile.
- How Long Is the Coast of Britain?
- Island nations
- List of countries and territories by land and maritime borders
- List of countries and territories by maritime boundaries
- List of countries that border only one other country
- List of land borders by date of establishment
- List of divided islands
- List of island nations
- List of political and geographic borders
- List of sets of countries that border one another
- List of bordering countries with greatest differences in GDP (PPP) per person
- Separation barrier
- "CIA World Factbook". April 15, 2007. Archived from the original on April 8, 2016.
- The concept of state sovereignty is somewhat imprecise and there are disagreements about whether certain territories are sovereign. There are currently 195 states that are generally regarded as "fully" sovereign: this includes the 193 member states of the United Nations plus Vatican City and Palestine. Some of these states have under their jurisdiction territories, dependencies, or collectivities that are clearly non-sovereign geographical areas. These territories are generally regarded as being subsumed within the overarching sovereignty of the governing state. For example, the United Kingdom holds sovereignty over the territory of Gibraltar, even though Gibraltar is not considered to be part of the United Kingdom. There are a few territories in the world that are neither clearly sovereign nor clearly subsumed under another state's sovereignty. Often, these territories have declared themselves to be sovereign, but they are either not widely recognized as such or lack some of the necessary conditions for sovereign statehood. In these cases, explanatory footnotes indicate how the territory is treated for the purposes of this list.
- Note: land border lengths will vary depending on the scale by which they are measured, and therefore these figures without a source accompanied by an explanation of how they were measured and at what scale makes comparisons impossible; for more information see coastline paradox.
- In 2008, Kosovo declared independence from Serbia. Although Kosovo's sovereignty has been recognized by 112 UN member states, it is not a member of the United Nations and Serbia disputes its sovereignty, claiming that Kosovo remains one of its provinces. For purposes of this list, Kosovo is considered to be a sovereign country. If Kosovo is considered part of Serbia, some numbers in the table would be reduced by one (e.g., when a state borders both Serbia and Kosovo). Other numbers would remain the same (e.g., when a state borders Kosovo but not Serbia).
- Western Sahara is a non-self-governing territory. Administration is split between Morocco and the largely unrecognized Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, both of which claim sovereignty over the entire territory (see Legal status of Western Sahara). For purposes of this list, Western Sahara is considered to be a sovereign country.
- 225 km (140 mi) via Angola's discontiguous Cabinda Province.
- 5,150 km (3,200 mi) via the long continental border and 150 km (93 mi) via the border on Tierra del Fuego.
- 566 km (352 mi) with Azerbaijan-proper and 221 km (137 mi) with the Nakhichevan enclave. Additionally, in Armenia, there exist three Azerbaijani enclaves: Barxudarlı, Yuxarı Əskipara and Karki (located north of the region of Nakhchivan) Reciprocally, there exists one Armenian enclave, a village called Artsvashen in north-western Azerbaijan. This makes a total of 6 separate borders, including the 2 major borders.
- One via Azerbaijan-proper and one via the Nakhichevan exclave.
- Via the Nakhichevan exclave.
- On the India-Bangladesh border in the Indian district of Cooch-Behar, before 1 August 2015, there were 92 Bangladeshi exclaves, with a total area of 47.7 km2 (18.4 sq mi). Similarly, there were 106 Indian exclaves inside Bangladesh, with a total area of 69.5 km2 (26.8 sq mi). Twenty-one of the Bangladeshi exclaves were within Indian exclaves, and three of the Indian exclaves were within Bangladeshi exclaves. The largest Indian exclave, Balapara Khagrabari, surrounded a Bangladeshi exclave, Upanchowki Bhajni, which itself surrounded an Indian exclave called Dahala Khagrabari, of less than one hectare. These 198 exclave borders plus the main border gave a total of 199 sections of border. Today the only remaining exclave is the Bangadeshi exclave of Dahagram-Angarpota. ("The end of the enclaves". The Economist. September 7, 2011.)
- Germany has a group of 5 enclaves created by the Vennbahn railway trackbed between the towns of Roetgen and Monschau (south of Aachen) that was granted Belgian sovereignty. Belgium therefore has 5 borders with these exclaves and one border with the rest of Germany.
- The town of Baarle in the southern Netherlands is made up of the municipality of Baarle-Hertog, a group of 22 Belgian enclaves within the Netherlands; and of the Dutch municipality of Baarle-Nassau, which itself has one enclave in the main body of Belgium and 7 counter-enclaves inside two of the Belgian enclaves. There are therefore 30 separate enclave border sections, plus the main border for a total of 31 distinct sections.
- The town of Sastavci (part of Rudo municipality, Foča Region) is completely surrounded by the Serbian municipality of Priboj, in Zlatibor District.
- This territory is not sovereign but is an overseas department and an overseas region of France. As such, it is sovereign French territory that is an integral part of the French Republic.
- 6,416 km (3,987 mi) via the contiguous 48 states and 2,477 km (1,539 mi) via Alaska.
- For information on the Republic of China, see the listing in this table under "Taiwan".
- Hong Kong is not sovereign but since 1997 has been a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. Hong Kong has a high degree of autonomy, including separate passports and a defined international boundary within China, but it is not considered a separate sovereign state for the purposes of this list.
- Macau is not sovereign but since 1999 has been a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. Macau has a high degree of autonomy, including separate passports and a defined international boundary within China, but it is not considered a separate sovereign state for the purposes of this list.
- Pakistan borders China only via Kashmir, a territory disputed between Pakistan and India. If India's territorial claims are accepted, China and Pakistan do not border one another.
- Cuba has a 29 km border with the United States Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay. However, the naval base is sovereign Cuban territory and subject to a 1903 treaty is leased perpetually by the U.S. government; therefore, this does not constitute an international border.
- Akrotiri shares one border with Cyprus. Dhekelia shares one main boundary with Cyprus, but there are three separate enclaves of Cyprus within the main Dhekelia–Cyprus border, which creates three additional borders.
- This territory is not sovereign but is a British overseas territory. Its territory constitutes part of the sovereign territory of the United Kingdom but strictly speaking is not part of the United Kingdom itself.
- "CIA - The World Factbook -- Czech Republic". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. May 31, 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-31.
- In 1988, the Palestinian Liberation Organization declared as sovereign the State of Palestine. Palestinian sovereignty is recognized by 135 countries, and it has observer status at the United Nations. The State of Palestine consists of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. In this list, for purposes of counting bordering states, Palestine is considered to be a single sovereign entity.
- The town of Llívia is a Spanish exclave situated inside French territory. France has one border with it and two sections of border with the rest of Spain (separated by Andorra).
- Excluding Adélie Land.
- Via French Guiana
- This territory is not sovereign, but is a constituent country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. For purposes of this list, Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten and the Netherlands are considered constituent parts of one sovereign state.
- Via Saint Martin.
- Büsingen, Germany is an exclave in the canton of Schaffhausen, northern Switzerland. Switzerland has one border with it and one border with the rest of Germany.
- Campione d'Italia is enclaved in the canton of Ticino, Switzerland, although in practice it is administered as part of Switzerland. It is part of Swiss customs, uses the Swiss franc, its inhabitants have to pay income tax to Italy, though in a reduced measure, and it is under Italian sovereignty. Switzerland therefore has one border with it and one border with the rest of Italy.
- The Tajik village of Vorukh, along with another small piece of land near Kairagach are embodied in Kyrgyz land. There are therefore 3 sections of border between the two countries.
- Barak, a small Kyrgyz village, is surrounded by Uzbekistan. Reciprocally, the Uzbek towns of So'x (39°58′N 71°08′E) and Shohimardon as well as the two tiny territories of Qal'acha and Khalmion (north of So'x) are all surrounded by Kyrgyz territory. There are therefore 5 enclave borders in addition to the main Kyrgyz/Uzbek border for a total of 6.
- Via Kaliningrad.
- This territory is not sovereign but is an autonomous region of Portugal. Its territory constitutes a constituent part of the sovereign territory of Portugal.
- 6.3 km (3.9 mi) via Ceuta; 9.6 km (6.0 mi) via Melilla; 85 m via Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera
- Does not include Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten.
- This territory is not sovereign, but is an overseas collectivity of France, and as such it is part of the sovereign territory of France.
- Consisting of one border of 362 km (225 mi) and another of 169 km (105 mi).
- Singapore is connected to
Malaysia by a causeway and a bridge.
- In May 1992, South Ossetia declared independence from Georgia. This declaration is only recognized by 3 UN member countries. In April 2008, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 1808 that reaffirmed "the commitment of all Member States to the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of Georgia within its internationally recognized borders".
- The Tajik village of Sarvan is in Uzbek territory. Uzbekistan has one border with it, and another with the rest of Tajikistan.
- The United Kingdom does not include British overseas territories or Crown dependencies.
- Via the 48 contiguous states.
- Науково-дослідна установа «Український науково-дослідний інститут екологічних проблем». "Анотований зведений заключний звіт про науково-дослідну роботу" (PDF). UNECE. Retrieved 26 May 2017.