List of counties in New York

There are 62 counties in the state of New York. The original twelve counties were created immediately after the British takeover of the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam, although two of these counties have since been abolished. The most recent county formation in New York was in 1914, when Bronx County was created from the portions of New York City that had been annexed from Westchester County in the late 19th century and added to New York County.[1] New York's counties are named for a variety of Native American words; British provinces, counties, cities, and royalty; early American statesmen and military personnel; and New York State politicians.[2]

Counties of New York
LocationState of New York
Number62
Populations4,836 (Hamilton) – 2,504,700 (Kings County)
Areas33.77 square miles (87.5 km2) (New York) – 2,821 square miles (7,310 km2) (St. Lawrence)
GovernmentCounty government
SubdivisionsCities, Towns, Indian Reservations

The FIPS county code is the five-digit Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code which uniquely identifies counties and county equivalents in the United States. The three-digit number is unique to each individual county within a state, but to be unique within the entire United States, it must be prefixed by the state code. This means that, for example, while Albany County is 001, Addison County, Vermont, and Alachua County, Florida, are also 001. To uniquely identify Albany County, New York, one must use the state code of 36 plus the county code of 001; therefore, the unique nationwide identifier for Albany County, New York, is 36001. The links in the column FIPS County Code are to the Census Bureau Info page for that county.[3]

Authority

Excepting the five boroughs of New York City, New York counties have governments run by County Executives and county legislatures, with names such as "[county name] Board of Legislators." The executives generally have powers to veto acts of the county legislature. The legislatures have powers of setting policies, levying taxes and distributing funds.

Five boroughs of New York City

Five of New York's counties are each coextensive with New York City's five boroughs and do not have county governments. They are New York County (Manhattan), Kings County (Brooklyn), Bronx County (The Bronx), Richmond County (Staten Island), and Queens County (Queens).

In contrast to other counties of New York, the powers of the five boroughs of New York City are very limited and in nearly all respects are governed by the city government.[4] Only a few officials are elected on a borough-wide basis, such as the five borough presidents, district attorneys, and some judges. There are no official county seats, but the locations of borough halls and courthouses bestow certain neighborhoods an informal designation as county seats within their boroughs:

Alphabetical list

County
FIPS Code
[3]
County seat
[5]
Est.
[5]
Formed from
[1]
Named for
[2]
Density
Pop. (2010)
[6]
Area
[5]
Map
 
Albany County 001 Albany1683One of 12 original counties created in the New York colonyJames II of England (James VII of Scotland) (16331701), who was Duke of York (English title) and Duke of Albany (Scottish title) before becoming King of England, Ireland, and Scotland.570.74 304,204 533 sq mi
(1,380 km2)
Allegany County 003 Belmont1806Genesee CountyA variant spelling of the Allegheny River47.34 48,946 1,034 sq mi
(2,678 km2)
Bronx County 005 none1914[7]New York CountyJonas Bronck (1600?1643), an early settler of the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam24,118.20 1,385,108 57.43 sq mi
(149 km2)
Broome County 007 Binghamton1806Tioga CountyJohn Broome (17381810), fourth Lieutenant Governor of New York280.56 200,600 715 sq mi
(1,852 km2)
Cattaraugus County 009 Little Valley1808Genesee CountyA word from an uncertain Iroquoian language meaning "bad smelling banks", referring to the odor of natural gas which leaked from Cattaraugus Creek61.31 80,317 1,310 sq mi
(3,393 km2)
Cayuga County 011 Auburn1799Onondaga CountyThe Cayuga tribe of Native Americans92.62 80,026 864 sq mi
(2,238 km2)
Chautauqua County 013 Mayville1808Genesee CountyLoanword from the Erie language describing Chautauqua Lake; language now lost and cannot be translated89.94 134,905 1,500 sq mi
(3,885 km2)
Chemung County 015 Elmira1836Tioga CountyA Lenape word meaning "big horn", which was the name of a local Native American village216.23 88,830 410.81 sq mi
(1,064 km2)
Chenango County 017 Norwich1798Tioga County and Herkimer CountyAn Onondaga word meaning "large bull-thistle"56.16 50,477 898.85 sq mi
(2,328 km2)
Clinton County 019 Plattsburgh1788Washington CountyGeorge Clinton (17391812), fourth Vice President of the United States and first and third Governor of New York73.46 82,128 1,118 sq mi
(2,896 km2)
Columbia County 021 Hudson1786Albany CountyChristopher Columbus (14511506), the European explorer97.37 63,096 648 sq mi
(1,678 km2)
Cortland County 023 Cortland1808Onondaga CountyPierre Van Cortlandt (17211814), first Lieutenant Governor of New York98.28 49,336 502 sq mi
(1,300 km2)
Delaware County 025 Delhi1797Otsego County and Ulster CountyThomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr (15771618), an early colonial leader in Virginia32.68 47,980 1,468 sq mi
(3,802 km2)
Dutchess County 027 Poughkeepsie1683One of 12 original counties created in the New York colonyLady Anne Hyde (16371671), Duchess of York and wife of King James II of England360.59 297,488 825 sq mi
(2,137 km2)
Erie County 029 Buffalo1821Niagara CountyThe Erie tribe of Native Americans749.02 919,040 1,227 sq mi
(3,178 km2)
Essex County 031 Elizabethtown1799Clinton CountyThe county of Essex in England20.55 39,370 1,916 sq mi
(4,962 km2)
Franklin County 033 Malone1808Clinton CountyBenjamin Franklin (17061790), the early American printer, scientist, and statesman30.41 51,599 1,697 sq mi
(4,395 km2)
Fulton County 035 Johnstown1838Montgomery CountyRobert Fulton (17651815), inventor of the steamship104.19 55,531 533 sq mi
(1,380 km2)
Genesee County 037 Batavia1802Ontario County and land acquired in the Holland PurchaseA Seneca phrase meaning "good valley"121.37 60,079 495 sq mi
(1,282 km2)
Greene County 039 Catskill1800Albany County and Ulster CountyNathanael Greene (17421786), the American Revolutionary War general74.80 49,221 658 sq mi
(1,704 km2)
Hamilton County 041 Lake Pleasant1816Montgomery CountyAlexander Hamilton (17551804), the early American political theorist and first Secretary of the Treasury2.67 4,836 1,808 sq mi
(4,683 km2)
Herkimer County 043 Herkimer1791Montgomery CountyNicholas Herkimer (17281777), the American Revolutionary War general44.25 64,519 1,458 sq mi
(3,776 km2)
Jefferson County 045 Watertown1805Oneida CountyThomas Jefferson (17431826), the early American statesman, author of the Declaration of Independence, and third President of the United States62.59 116,229 1,857 sq mi
(4,810 km2)
Kings County 047 none1683One of 12 original counties created in the New York colonyKing Charles II of England (16301685)25,848.30 2,504,700 96.9 sq mi
(251 km2)
Lewis County 049 Lowville1805Oneida CountyMorgan Lewis (17541844), the fourth Governor of New York21.00 27,087 1,290 sq mi
(3,341 km2)
Livingston County 051 Geneseo1821Genesee County and Ontario CountyRobert Livingston (17461813), the early American statesman and New York delegate to the Continental Congress102.18 65,393 640 sq mi
(1,658 km2)
Madison County 053 Wampsville1806Chenango CountyJames Madison (17511836), the early American statesman, principal author of the Constitution of the United States, and fourth President of the United States110.94 73,442 662 sq mi
(1,715 km2)
Monroe County 055 Rochester1821Genesee County and Ontario CountyJames Monroe (17581831), the early American statesman and fifth President of the United States544.91 744,344 1,366 sq mi
(3,538 km2)
Montgomery County 057 Fonda1772Albany CountyOriginally Tryon County after colonial governor William Tryon (17291788), renamed after the American Revolutionary War general Richard Montgomery (17381775) in 1784122.49 50,219 410 sq mi
(1,062 km2)
Nassau County 059 Mineola1899Queens CountyThe Princes of Orange-Nassau ruled the Netherlands when Long Island was a Dutch colony2,957.02 1,339,532 453 sq mi
(1,173 km2)
New York County 061 none1683One of 12 original counties created in the New York colonyKing James II of England (16331701), who was Duke of York and Albany before he ascended the throne of England, Duke of York being his English title46,961.00 1,585,873 33.77 sq mi
(87 km2)
Niagara County 063 Lockport1808Genesee CountyAn Iroquoian word perhaps meaning "a neck" between two bodies of water, "thunder of waters", or "bisected bottom land"189.89 216,469 1,140 sq mi
(2,953 km2)
Oneida County 065 Utica1798Herkimer CountyThe Oneida tribe of Native Americans193.63 234,878 1,213 sq mi
(3,142 km2)
Onondaga County 067 Syracuse1792Herkimer CountyThe Onondaga tribe of Native Americans579.44 467,026 806 sq mi
(2,088 km2)
Ontario County 069 Canandaigua1789Land acquired in the Phelps and Gorham PurchaseAn Iroquoian word meaning "beautiful lake"163.04 107,931 662 sq mi
(1,715 km2)
Orange County 071 Goshen1683One of 12 original counties created in the New York colonyWilliam of Orange-Nassau (16501702), who became King William III of England444.35 372,813 839 sq mi
(2,173 km2)
Orleans County 073 Albion1824Genesee CountyThe French Royal House of Orléans52.49 42,883 817 sq mi
(2,116 km2)
Oswego County 075 Oswego1816Oneida County and Onondaga CountyThe Oswego River, from an Iroquoian word meaning "the outpouring", referring to the mouth of the river93.07 122,109 1,312 sq mi
(3,398 km2)
Otsego County 077 Cooperstown1791Montgomery CountyA Native American word meaning "place of the rock"62.07 62,259 1,003 sq mi
(2,598 km2)
Putnam County 079 Carmel Hamlet1812Dutchess CountyIsrael Putnam (17181790), an American Revolutionary War general405.33 99,710 246 sq mi
(637 km2)
Queens County 081 none1683One of 12 original counties created in the New York colonyCatherine of Braganza (16381705), Queen of England and wife of King Charles II of England12,512.46 2,230,722 178.28 sq mi
(462 km2)
Rensselaer County 083 Troy1791Albany CountyIn honor of the family of Kiliaen van Rensselaer (before 1596 – after 1643), the early landholder in the Dutch New Amsterdam colony239.74 159,429 665 sq mi
(1,722 km2)
Richmond County 085 none1683One of 12 original counties created in the New York colonyCharles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond (16721723), the illegitimate son of King Charles II of England4,572.98 468,730 102.5 sq mi
(265 km2)
Rockland County 087 New City1798Orange CountyEarly settlers' description of terrain as "rocky land"1,566.27 311,687 199 sq mi
(515 km2)
St. Lawrence County 089 Canton1802Clinton County, Herkimer County, and Montgomery CountyThe St Lawrence River, which forms the northern border of the county and New York State39.68 111,944 2,821 sq mi
(7,306 km2)
Saratoga County 091 Ballston Spa1791Albany CountyA corruption of a Native American word meaning "the hill beside the river"260.20 219,607 844 sq mi
(2,186 km2)
Schenectady County 093 Schenectady1809Albany CountyA Mohawk word meaning "on the other side of the pine lands"736.80 154,727 210 sq mi
(544 km2)
Schoharie County 095 Schoharie1795Albany County and Otsego CountyA Mohawk word meaning "floating driftwood"51.84 32,749 626 sq mi
(1,621 km2)
Schuyler County 097 Watkins Glen1854Chemung County, Steuben County, and Tompkins CountyPhilip Schuyler (17331804), the American Revolutionary War general and Senator from New York53.63 18,343 342 sq mi
(886 km2)
Seneca County 099 Waterloo1804Cayuga CountyThe Seneca tribe of Native Americans108.46 35,251 325 sq mi
(842 km2)
Steuben County 101 Bath1796Ontario CountyFriedrich Wilhelm von Steuben (17301794), the Prussian general who assisted the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War70.51 98,990 1,404 sq mi
(3,636 km2)
Suffolk County 103 Riverhead1683One of 12 original counties created in the New York colonyThe county of Suffolk in England629.31 1,493,350 2,373 sq mi
(6,146 km2)
Sullivan County 105 Monticello1809Ulster CountyJohn Sullivan (17401795), an American Revolutionary War general77.78 77,547 997 sq mi
(2,582 km2)
Tioga County 107 Owego1791Montgomery CountyA Native American word meaning "at the forks", describing a meeting place97.75 51,125 523 sq mi
(1,355 km2)
Tompkins County 109 Ithaca1817Cayuga County and Seneca CountyDaniel D. Tompkins (17741825), the 6th Vice President of the United States213.37 101,564 476 sq mi
(1,233 km2)
Ulster County 111 Kingston1683One of 12 original counties created in the New York colonyThe Irish province of Ulster, then an earldom of the Duke of York, later King James II of England157.19 182,493 1,161 sq mi
(3,007 km2)
Warren County 113 Queensbury1813Washington CountyJoseph Warren (17411775), the early American patriot and American Revolutionary War general75.53 65,707 870 sq mi
(2,253 km2)
Washington County 115 Fort Edward1772Albany CountyOriginally Charlotte County, renamed in 1784 after George Washington (17321799), the American Revolutionary War general and first President of the United States74.72 63,216 846 sq mi
(2,191 km2)
Wayne County 117 Lyons1823Ontario County and Seneca CountyGeneral Anthony Wayne (17451796), the American Revolutionary War general67.75 93,772 1,384 sq mi
(3,585 km2)
Westchester County 119 White Plains1683One of 12 original counties created in the New York colonyThe city of Chester in England1,898.23 949,113 500 sq mi
(1,295 km2)
Wyoming County 121 Warsaw1841Genesee CountyA modification of a word from the Lenape language meaning "broad bottom lands"70.73 42,155 596 sq mi
(1,544 km2)
Yates County 123 Penn Yan1823Ontario County and Steuben CountyJoseph C. Yates (17681837), eighth Governor of New York67.41 25,348 376 sq mi
(974 km2)

Defunct counties

County
Created
[1]
Abolished
[1]
Fate[1]
Charlotte County 1772 1784 Partitioned and renamed as Washington County
Cornwall County 1665 1686 Transferred to the part of Massachusetts that later became the state of Maine and partitioned; one of the 12 original counties created in the New York colony
Cumberland County 1766 1777 Transferred to Vermont and partitioned
Dukes County 1683 1692 Transferred to Massachusetts; one of 12 original counties created in the New York colony
Gloucester County 1770 1777 Transferred to Vermont and partitioned
Mexico County 1792 1796 Never settled or incorporated, reallocated to other counties
Tryon County 1772 1784 Renamed as Montgomery County

Proposed new counties

County
Note
Adirondack County Would hypothetically consist of portions of northern Essex County and southern Franklin County[8]
Brookhaven County Would hypothetically consist of the existing Town of Brookhaven, New York in Suffolk County on Long Island.
Peconic County Would hypothetically consist of the five easternmost towns in Suffolk County on Long Island.[9]
Salmon County Would hypothetically consist of the eastern half of Oswego County.

Clickable map

See also

References

  1. "New York Formation Maps". Genealogy, Inc. Archived from the original on December 30, 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-20.
  2. Beatty, Michael (2001). County Name Origins of the United States. McFarland Press. ISBN 0-7864-1025-6.
  3. "EPA County FIPS Code Listing". US Environmental Protection Agency. Archived from the original on 2012-10-08. Retrieved 2007-07-24.
  4. Benjamin, Gerald; Nathan, Richard P. (1990). Regionalism and realism: A Study of Government in the New York Metropolitan Area. Brookings Institution. p. 59.
  5. "Find A County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on August 4, 2010. Retrieved August 9, 2010.
  6. "Vital Statistics of New York State 2010". NYS Department of Health. November 2011. Retrieved September 5, 2019.
  7. Legislation splitting off Bronx County from New York County was enacted in 1912 with an effective date of January 1, 1914. Prior to 1874 the entire area had been part of Westchester County. See McCarthy, Thomas C. "A 5-Borough Centennial Preface for the Katharine Bement Davis Mini-History". New York City Department of Corrections. Retrieved 2008-01-25.
  8. Lynch, Mike (2007-10-30). "North Elba Supervisor Candidate Debate". Plattsburgh Press Republican. Retrieved 2008-01-20.
  9. Healy, Patrick (2004-02-11). "Growth Pains and Clout Heading East in Suffolk". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-01-20.

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