List of conventional hydroelectric power stations

This article lists hydroelectric power stations that generate power using the conventional dammed method. This list includes power stations that are larger than 1,000 MW in maximum net capacity, and are operational or under construction. Those power stations that are smaller than 1,000 MW, or those that are only at a planning/proposal stage may be found in regional lists, listed at the end of the page.

As of 2016, the largest hydroelectric power station is the Three Gorges Dam in China, rated at 22,500 MW in total installed capacity. After passing on 7 December 2007 the 14,000 MW mark of the Itaipu Dam, the facility was ranked as the largest power-generating facility ever built. The dam is 181 m (594 ft) high, 2,335 m (7,661 ft) long and 115 m (377 ft) in width. Power is generated by 32 turbines rated at 700 MW, and two turbines rated 50 MW, which are used to power the facility itself. Construction of this dam commenced in 1994, and was completed in 2012, nearly two decades after it started.

The next five largest dams after the Three Gorges Dam are the Itaipu Dam, Xiluodu Dam, Belo Monte Dam, Guri Dam and the Tucurui Dam, rated at 14,000 MW, 13,860 MW, 11,233 MW, 10,235 MW and 8,370 MW respectively. All six dams are the largest power-generating bodies respectively, before the Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Nuclear Power Plant at 8,212 MW, the largest non-renewable energy-generating facility in the world. The currently planned Grand Inga Dam would be nearly twice the size of the Three Gorges Dam at 39,000 MW, surpassing all power-generating facilities once it passes the current-highest 22,500 MW mark.

Hydroelectric power stations

The following two lists rank the 187 largest conventional hydroelectric power stations that have an installed electric power generation capacity of at least 1,000 MW and also 24 plants under construction with planned capacity of at least 1,000 MW.

In service

StationCountryLocationCapacity (MW)Ref
Água Vermelha Dam Brazil19°56′59″S 49°53′54″W1,396[1][2]
Ahai Dam China27°19′59″N 100°30′27″E2,000[3]
Akosombo Dam Ghana06°17′59″N 00°03′34″E1,020[4][5]
Alberto Lleras Dam Colombia04°43′29″N 73°28′59″W1,150[6]
Aldeadávila Dam Spain
 Portugal
41°12′42″N 6°41′08″W1,200[7]
Alicurá Dam Argentina40°35′10″S 70°45′09″W1,050[8][9]
Aswan High Dam Egypt23°58′14″N 32°52′40″E2,100[10]
Atatürk Dam Turkey37°28′54″N 38°19′03″E2,400[11]
Baishan Dam China42°43′35″N 127°13′25″E1,800[12][13]
Bakun Hydroelectric Power Station Malaysia02°45′23″N 114°03′47″E2,400[14]
Beauharnois Hydroelectric Power Station Canada45°18′50″N 73°54′32″W1,903[15][16]
Belo Monte Dam Brazil03°17′0″S 52°12′00″W10,011[17][note 1][18]
Bento Munhoz Hydroelectric Plant Brazil26°00′34″S 51°40′00″W1,674[19]
Bersimis-1 generating station Canada49°18′31″N 69°33′50″W1,178[20]
Bhakra Dam India31°24′39″N 76°26′00″E1,325[21]
Bieudron Hydroelectric Power Station  Switzerland46°11′7.07″N 7°14′58.42″E1,269[22]
Boguchany Hydroelectric Power Station Russia58°41′41″N 99°08′56″E2,997[23]
Bonneville Dam United States45°38′39″N 121°56′26″W1,242[24][25]
Boundary Dam United States48°59′14″N 117°20′51″W1,003.25[26]
Bratsk Dam Russia56°17′10″N 101°47′10″E4,500[27]
Bureya Dam Russia50°16′07″N 130°18′54″E2,010[28][29]
Cahora Bassa Dam Mozambique15°35′07″S 32°42′17″E2,075[30]
Caruachi Dam Venezuela08°09′36″N 62°47′55″W2,160[31]
Chamera Dam India32°35′50″N 75°59′09″E1,071
Changheba Dam China30°15′43″N 102°11′43″E2,600[32][33]
Cheboksary Hydroelectric Station Russia56°08′17″N 47°27′56″E1,374[34]
Chicoasén Dam Mexico16°56′30″N 93°06′02″W2,430[35]
Chief Joseph Dam United States47°59′43″N 119°38′00″W2,620
Chirkey Dam Russia42°58′38″N 46°52′15″E1,000[36]
Chivor Hydroelectric Project Colombia04°54′03″N 73°17′49″W1,000[37]
Churchill Falls Canada53°31′46″N 63°58′05″W5,428[38]
Cirata Dam Indonesia6°42′02″S 107°22′01″E1,008[39]
Coca Codo Sinclair Ecuador00°07′52″S 77°27′07″W1,500[40]
Dachaoshan Dam China24°01′38″N 100°22′19″E1,350[41][42]
Dagangshan Dam China29°26′57″N 102°13′02″E2,600[43]
Danjiangkou Dam China32°33′21″N 111°29′16″E1,035
Dnieper Hydroelectric Station Ukraine47°52′09″N 35°05′13″E1,569[44]
El Chocón Dam Argentina39°15′57″S 68°45′23″W1,260[9][45]
Emborcação Hydroelectric Power Plant Brazil18°34′33″S 47°52′37″W1,192[46]
Engineer Souza Dias Hydroelectric Power Station Brazil26°27′00″S 52°40′00″W1,551[1]
Ertan Dam China26°49′16″N 101°46′52″E3,300[47][47][48]
Fengman Dam China43°43′10″N 126°41′18″E1,004[49][50]
Furnas Dam Brazil20°40′11″S 46°19′05″W1,240[46]
Geheyan Dam China30°28′3″N 111°8′23″E1,200[51]
Gezhouba Dam China30°44′23″N 111°16′20″E2,715[52]
Ghazi-Barotha Hydropower Project Pakistan33°46′48″N 72°15′35″E1,450
Gilgel Gibe III Dam Ethiopia06°50′50″N 37°18′05″E1,870[53]
Glen Canyon Dam United States36°56′14″N 111°29′04″W1,320[54]
Gongboxia Dam China35°52′40″N 102°13′56″E1,500[55]
Gordon M. Shrum Generating Station Canada56°01′05″N 122°12′24″W2,917[56]
Goupitan Dam China27°22′31″N 107°37′59″E3,000[57]
Grand Coulee Dam United States47°57′24″N 118°59′00″W6,809[58]
Grand'Maison Dam France45°12′21″N 06°07′01″E1,800[59]
Guandi Dam China27°44′39″N 101°55′47″E2,400[33]
Guanyinyan Dam China26°31′17″N 101°26′16″E3,000[33]
Guangzhao Dam China25°57′34″N 105°15′03″E1,040[60]
Guri Dam Venezuela07°46′00″N 63°00′00″W10,235[61]
Hòa Bình Dam Vietnam20°48′30″N 105°19′26″E1,960[62][63]
Hoover Dam United States36°00′56″N 114°44′16″W2,080[58]
Houziyan Dam China30°32′46″N 102°03′29″E1,700[64]
Ilha Solteira Dam Brazil20°22′58″S 51°21′44″W3,444[1]
Ilisu Dam Turkey37°34′00″N 41°54′00″E1,200[65]
Infiernillo Dam Mexico18°16′23″N 101°53′34″W1,120[35]
Indirasagar Dam India22°17′02″N 76°28′17″E1,000[66]
Inga II Congo DR05°31′44″S 13°37′14″E1,424[67]
Inguri Dam Georgia42°45′36″N 42°01′48″E1,300[68]
Iron Gate I Hydroelectric Power Station Romania
 Serbia
44°40′15″N 22°31′45″E2,282[69]
Itá Hydroelectric Power Plant Brazil27°16′00″S 52°19′00″W1,450[70][71]
Itaipu Dam Brazil
 Paraguay
25°24′31″S 54°35′21″W14,000[72]
Itumbiara Hydroelectric Power Plant Brazil18°25′00″S 49°13′00″W2,082[46]
Jean-Lesage generating station Canada49°19′18″N 68°20′49″W1,145[20]
Jirau Power Station Brazil9°15′0″S 64°24′0″W3,750[73][74][75]
Jishixia Dam China35°49′42″N 102°42′23″E1,020[76]
Jinanqiao Dam China26°48′27″N 100°26′52″E2,400[33]
Jinghong Dam China22°3′9″N 100°45′54″E1,750[77]
Jinping-I Dam China28°11′07″N 101°37′42″E3,600[78]
Jinping-II Dam China28°14′20″N 101°38′32″E4,800[78]
John Day Dam United States45°42′59″N 120°41′40″W2,160
Karakaya Dam Turkey38°13′40″N 39°08′20″E1,800[79]
Kariba Power Station Zambia
 Zimbabwe
16°31′18″S 28°45′41″E1,626[80]
Shahid Abbaspour Dam Iran32°07′00″N 49°37′00″E2,000[81][82]
Karcham Wangtoo Hydroelectric Plant India31°32′35.53″N 78°00′54.80″E1,000
Karun-3 Dam Iran31°48′00″N 50°05′00″E2,280[82][83][84]
Karun-4 Dam Iran31°36′00″N 50°28′00″E1,020[82]
Keban Dam Turkey38°48′25″N 38°45′25″E1,330[85][86]
Kettle Generating Station Canada56°23′03″N 94°38′06″W1,220[87]
Koyna Hydroelectric Project India17°24′06″N 73°45′08″E1,960[88]
Krasnoyarsk Dam Russia55°56′05″N 92°17′40″E6,000[89]
Kvilldal Hydroelectric Power Station Norway59°31′00″N 06°38′00″E1,240[90]
La Grande-1 generating station Canada53°44′04″N 78°34′25″W1,436[16][91]
La Grande-2-A generating station Canada53°47′09″N 77°27′07″W2,106[20]
La Grande-3 generating station Canada53°43′40″N 75°59′55″W2,417[20]
La Grande-4 generating station Canada53°53′12″N 73°27′55″W2,779[20]
Lai Châu Dam Vietnam22°08′22″N 102°59′07″E1,200[92][93]
Laxiwa Dam China36°04′13″N 101°11′08″E4,200[55]
Lijiaxia Dam China36°7′7″N 101°48′29″E2,000[94]
Limestone Generating Station Canada55°30′25″N 94°06′25″W1,340[95]
Liujiaxia Dam China35°56′02″N 103°20′34″E1,225[47]
Liyuan Dam China27°39′36″N 100°17′12″E2,400[33]
Long Spruce Generating Station Canada56°24′1″N 94°22′10″W1,010[96]
Longkaikou Dam China26°31′57″N 100°24′58″E1,800[97]
Longtan Dam China25°01′38″N 107°02′51″E6,426[98]
Longyangxia Dam China36°7′21″N 100°55′12″E1,280[55][99]
Ludila Dam China26°12′01″N 100°48′54″E2,160[33]
Luiz Barreto Hydroelectric Power Plant Brazil20°9′11″S 47°16′46″W1,087[100]
Luiz Gonzaga Power Station Brazil9°8′38″S 38°18′48″W1,479[101]
Macagua Venezuela8°18′14″N 62°40′04″W3,167.5[102]
Machadinho Hydroelectric Power Plant Brazil27°34′00″S 51°40′00″W1,140[103][104]
Malpaso (Nezahualcoyotl) Dam Mexico17°10′43″N 93°35′54″W1,080[35]
Mangla Dam Pakistan33°08′31″N 73°38′42″E1,000[105][106]
Manic-5 Generating Station Canada50°38′21″N 68°43′35″W1,596[20]
Manic-5-PA Generating Station Canada50°28′30″N 68°43′46″W1,064[20]
Manwan Dam China24°37′20″N 100°26′56″E1,570[107]
Marimbondo Hydroelectric Power Plant Brazil20°18′14″S 49°11′52″W1,440[46]
Masjed Soleyman Dam Iran32°01′40″N 49°24′01″E2,000[82][108]
McNary Dam United States45°55′47″N 119°17′46″W1,127[109]
Merowe Dam Sudan18°40′08″N 32°03′01″E1,250[110]
Mica Dam Canada52°04′40″N 118°33′59″W2,805[111]
Moses-Saunders Power Dam United States
 Canada
45°00′23″N 74°47′42″W1,957[112][113]
Mosul Dam Iraq36°37′49″N 42°49′23″E1,052[114]
Nam Theun II Dam Laos17°30′14″N 105°01′53″E1,075[115]
Nathpa Jhakri Dam India31°33′50″N 77°58′49″E1,500[116]
Ney Braga Hydroelectric Plant Brazil25°47′35″S 52°6′47″W1,280[117]
Nizhnekamsk Hydroelectric Station Russia55°41′59″N 52°16′43″E1,205[118]
Nuozhadu Dam China22°33′51″N 100°30′46″E5,850[33]
Nurek Dam Tajikistan38°22′00″N 69°21′00″E3,015[119]
Outardes-3 generating station Canada49°33′33″N 68°43′58″W1,026[20]
Paulo Afonso Hydroelectric Complex Brazil9°23′49″S 38°12′08″W4,279[120]
Paute Dam Ecuador02°35′10″S 78°33′30″W1,075[121]
Pengshui Dam China29°12′02″N 108°11′50″E1,750[122]
Piedra del Águila Dam Argentina40°11′25″S 69°59′29″W1,400[9]
Porto Primavera Dam Brazil15°34′45″S 56°05′49″W1,540[1]
Pubugou Dam China29°12′34″N 102°50′11″E3,300[123]
René-Lévesque generating station Canada49°44′25″N 68°35′34″W1,244[20]
Revelstoke Dam Canada51°02′58″N 118°11′38″W2,480[124]
Robert Moses Niagara Power Plant United States43°08′35″N 79°02′23″W2,675[125]
Robert-Bourassa generating station Canada53°47′43″N 77°26′26″W5,616[20]
Rocky Reach Dam United States47°32′00″N 120°17′40″W1,299.6[126]
Roseires Dam Sudan18°40′10″N 32°03′10″E1,800
José Richa Hydroelectric Plant Brazil25°32′36″S 53°29′48″W1,240[117]
Salto Grande Dam Argentina
 Uruguay
31°16′29″S 57°56′18″W1,890[9][127]
Salto Osório Hydroelectric Power Plant Brazil25°32′06″S 53°00′33″W1,078[128]
Salto Santiago Dam Brazil25°37′04″S 52°36′48″W1,420[129]
Sanbanxi Dam China26°36′21″N 109°02′57″E1,000[130]
San Carlos Hydroelectric Power Plant Colombia06°12′39″N 74°50′26″W1,240[131]
Santo Antonio Dam Brazil8°48′6″S 63°57′3″W3,568[132][133]
Saratov Hydroelectric Station Russia52°03′11″N 47°45′18″E1,415[134][135]
Sardar Sarovar Dam India21°49′49″N 73°44′50″E1,450
Sayano-Shushenskaya Dam Russia52°49′31″N 91°22′15″E6,400[136]
São Simão Hydroelectric Power Plant Brazil18°59′03″S 50°31′08″W1,710[46]
Serra da Mesa Hydroelectric Power Station Brazil24°58′23″S 53°28′19″W1,275[137]
Shatuo Dam China28°29′53″N 108°28′31″E1,120[138]
Shuibuya Dam China30°26′30″N 110°21′40″E1,840[139]
Shuikou Dam China26°18′7″N 118°48′48″E1,400[140]
Silin Dam China27°48′08″N 108°11′10″E1,080[141]
Sir Adam Beck Hydroelectric Generating Stations Canada43°08′51″N 79°02′42″W1,997[142]
Sobradinho Dam Brazil09°28′00″S 40°48′30″W1,050[143]
Sơn La Dam Vietnam21°29′47″N 103°59′42″E2,400[144]
Srisailam Dam India16°05′12″N 78°53′48″E1,670[145]
Tala Hydroelectricity Project Bhutan26°50′26″N 89°35′12″E1,020[146][147]
Tarbela Dam Pakistan34°05′23″N 72°41′54″E4,888[note 2][106][148]
Tehri Dam [note 3] India30°22′40″N 78°28′50″E1,400 [note 4][149]
Teles Pires Dam Brazil09°20′26″S 56°46′37″W1,820[150]
Three Gorges Dam China30°49′15″N 111°00′08″E22,500[151][152]
Tianshengqiao-I Dam China24°56′31″N 105°06′23″E1,200[153]
Tianshengqiao-II Dam China24°57′47″N 105°09′20″E1,320[153]
Tingzikou Dam China31°49′24″N 105°52′07″E1,100[154]
The Dalles Dam United States45°36′44″N 121°08′04″W1,878
Toktogul Dam Kyrgyzstan41°48′23″N 72°52′27″E1,200[155]
Tucuruí Dam Brazil03°49′54″S 49°38′48″W8,370[156]
Upper Gotvand Dam Iran32°12′58″N 48°56′09″E1,000[82][157]
Ust-Ilimsk Hydroelectric Station Russia57°58′06″N 102°41′45″E3,840[158]
Volga Hydroelectric Station Russia48°49′34″N 44°40′19″E2,671[159][160][161]
Votkinsk Hydroelectric Station Russia56°47′13″N 54°04′44″E1,065[162][163]
Wanapum Dam United States46°52′31″N 119°58′16″W1,040[164]
Wanjiazhai Dam China39°34′47″N 111°25′38″E1,080[47]
Wujiangdu Dam China27°19′10″N 106°45′39″E1,130[165]
Wuqiangxi Dam China28°46′33″N 110°55′39″E1,200[166]
Xiangjiaba Dam China28°38′57″N 104°22′14″E6,448[167][168]
Xiaolangdi Dam China34°40′13″N 112°25′33″E1,836[169]
Xiaowan Dam China24°42′19″N 100°05′32″E4,200[170]
Xiluodu Dam China28°15′52″N 103°38′47″E13,860[171][172]
Xingó Hydroelectrical Power Plant Brazil9°37′14″S 37°47′34″W3,162[173]
Yacyretá Dam Argentina
 Paraguay
27°28′58″S 56°43′30″W3,100[9]
Yantan Dam China24°02′26″N 107°30′45″E1,212[174]
Zeya Hydroelectric Station Russia53°48′00″N 127°23′00″E1,330[29][175]
Zhiguli Hydroelectric Station Russia53°26′42″N 49°29′24″E2,488[176][177]

Under construction

StationCountryLocationCapacity (MW)Expected completionRef
Baihetan Dam China28°15′06″N 103°39′34″E16,0002021[178]
Bakhtiari Dam Iran32°57′24″N 48°45′35″E1,500??[179]
Dasu Dam Pakistan35°19′03″N 73°11′36″E4,3202023[180]
Diamer-Bhasha Dam Pakistan35°32′31″N 73°36′26″E4,5002023[181]
Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam Ethiopia11°12′51″N 35°5′35″E6,4502022[182][183][184]
Huangdeng Dam China26°33′21.65″N 99°06′40.55″E1,9002018[185][186]
Ituango Dam Colombia07°08′04″N 75°39′43″W2,4562021[187](?)[note 5][188]

[189]

Koysha Dam Ethiopia6.460°N 36.340°E / 6.460; 36.340 (Koysha Dam)2,1602021[190][191]
Laúca Dam Angola9°44′34.9″S 15°07′32.2″E2,069.52019[192]
Lianghekou Dam China30°09′46″N 101°00′49″E3,0002021[193]
Maerdang Dam China34°40′21″N 100°41′32″E2,2002018[194]
Mambilla Power Station Nigeria7.162128°N 10.571594°E / 7.162128; 10.571594 (Mambilla Power Station)3,0502024[195]
Miaowei Dam China25°51′15.66″N 99°9′40.78″E1,4002016[196]
Punatsangchhu-I Hydropower Plant Bhutan1,2002019[197][198]
Punatsangchhu-II Hydropower Plant Bhutan1,020??
Rogun Dam Tajikistan38°41′03″N 69°46′26″E3,6002029[199]
Site C dam Canada56°11′41″N 120°54′51″W1,1002024[200]
Shuangjiangkou Dam China31°44′48″N 102°00′04″E2,0002018[33]
Suwalong Dam China29°33′22.1″N 99°02′52.5″E1,2002021[201]
Subansiri Lower Dam India27°33′13″N 94°15′31″E2,000??[202]
Tocoma Dam Venezuela07°54′25″N 63°01′35″W2,320??[203]
Wudongde Dam China26°20′02″N 102°37′48″E10,2002020[204]
Xayaburi Dam Laos19°15′14″N 101°48′49″E1,2852020[205]
Yangqu Dam China35°42′4″N 100°16′8″E1,2002016[206]

Notes

  1. planned final capacity 11,233 MW
  2. planned final capacity 6,298 MW
  3. power station under construction
  4. another is 1,000 MW under construction
  5. Originally planned for November 2018, it experienced an emergency setback due to flooding in May 2018. Video on El Tiempo Archived 2018-05-19 at the Wayback Machine

See also

References

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