List of compositions by Ludwig van Beethoven

The compositions of Ludwig van Beethoven (1770–1827) consist of 722 works[1] written over forty-five years, from his earliest work in 1782 (variations for piano on a march by Ernst Christoph Dressler) when he was only twelve years old and still in Bonn, till his last work just before his death in Vienna in 1827. Beethoven composed in all the main genres of classical music, including symphonies, concertos, string quartets, piano sonatas and one opera. His works range from requiring a solo performer to needing a large orchestra and chorus to perform.

Beethoven straddled both the classical and romantic periods, working in genres associated with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and his teacher Joseph Haydn such as the piano concerto, string quartet and symphony, while on the other hand providing a precursor to Romantic composers such as Hector Berlioz and Franz Liszt with programmatic works such as his Pastoral Symphony and Piano Sonata "Les Adieux"[2]. Beethoven's work is typically divided into three periods. The "Early" period where Beethoven composed in the "Viennese" style. The "Middle" or "Heroic" period where his work is characterised by struggle and heroism, such as in the Eroica Symphony, the Appassionata Sonata and in his sole opera Fidelio. Beethoven's "Late" period is marked by intense, personal expression and an emotional and intellectual profundity. Although his output dropped drastically in his later years this period saw the composition of masterpieces such as the Late Quartets, the Final Five Piano Sonatas, the Diabelli Variations, the Missa Solemnis and his Ninth Symphony[3].

Beethoven's works are classified by both genre and various numbering systems[4]. The most well known numbering system for Beethoven's works is that by opus number, assigned by Beethoven's publishers during his lifetime. Only 172 of Beethoven's works have opus numbers, divided among 138 opus numbers. Many works that were unpublished or else published without opus numbers have been assigned either "WoO" (Werke ohne Opuszahl—works without opus number), Hess or Biamonti numbers. For example, the short piano piece "Für Elise", is more fully known as the "Bagatelle in A minor, WoO 59 ('Für Elise')". Some works are also commonly referred to by their nicknames, such as the Kreutzer Violin Sonata, or the Archduke Piano Trio.

As well as these numbering systems, works are also often identified by their number within their genre. For example, the 14th string quartet, published as Opus 131, may be referenced either as "String Quartet No. 14" or "the Opus 131 String Quartet". The listings include all of these relevant identifiers. While other catalogues of Beethoven's works exist, the numbers here represent the most commonly used.

List of works by genre

Beethoven's works are published in several editions, the first of these was Ludwig van Beethovens Werke: Vollständige kritisch durchgesehene überall berechtigte Ausgabe published between 1862 and 1865 with a supplemental volume in 1888 by Breitkopf & Härtel, commonly known as the "Beethoven Gesamtausgabe" [GA]. While this was a landmark achievement at the time, the limitations of this edition soon became apparent. Between 1959 and 1971 Willy Hess prepared a supplemental edition, Beethoven: Sämtliche Werke: Supplemente zur Gesamtausgabe, [HS] containing works that were not in the Gesamtausgabe.

Since 1961 the Beethoven Archive has been publishing a new scholarly–critical Complete Edition of Beethoven's works, Beethoven: Werke: neue Ausgabe sämtlicher Werke[5] [NA]. However, only 42 of the projected 56 volumes have been published so far.[6] As this edition has not been published in full there are works without an NA designation.

Legend for publications – p: parts s: full score vs: vocal score

Orchestral music

Beethoven wrote nine symphonies, nine concertos, and a variety of other orchestral music, ranging from overtures and incidental music for theatrical productions to other miscellaneous "occasional" works, written for a particular occasion. Of the concertos, seven are widely known (one violin concerto, five piano concertos, and one triple concerto for violin, piano, and cello); the other two are an early piano concerto (WoO 4) and an arrangement of the Violin Concerto for piano and orchestra (Opus 61a).


No.[7]Title, keyComposition, first performancePublicationDedication, remarksGANA
Op. 21Symphony No. 1, C1799–1800; 2 April 1800p: Leipzig 1801Baron Gottfried van Swieteni/1i/1[6]
Op. 36Symphony No. 2, D1801–2; 5 April 1803p: Vienna, 1804; for piano, violin, cello: Vienna, 1805Prince Karl von Lichnowskyi/2i/1[6]
Op. 55Symphony No. 3 ("Eroica"), E1803; 7 April 1805[8]p: Vienna, 1806Prince Franz Joseph von Lobkowitzi/3i/2[6]
Op. 60Symphony No. 4, B1806; March 1807p: Vienna, 1808Count Franz von Oppersdorffi/4i/2[6]
Op. 67Symphony No. 5 ("Fate"), C1807–8;[9] 22 Dec 1808p: Leipzig, 1809Prince Lobkowitz and Count Andreas Razumovskyi/5i/3[6]
Op. 68Symphony No. 6 ("Pastoral"), F1808; 22 Dec 1808p: Leipzig, 1809Prince Lobkowitz and Count Rasumovskyi/6i/3[6]
Op. 92Symphony No. 7, A1811–12; 8 Dec 1813s, p: Vienna, 1816Count Moritz von Fries;i/7
Op. 93Symphony No. 8, F1812; 27 Feb 1814s, p: Vienna, 1817shortened version of end of 1st movt, HS ivi/8
Op. 125Symphony No. 9 ("Choral"), D1822–24; 7 May 1824s, p: Mainz, 1826Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussiai/9i/5[6]

Beethoven is believed to have intended to write a Tenth Symphony in the last year of his life; a performing version of possible sketches was assembled by Barry Cooper.[10]


No.Title, keyComposition, first performancePublicationDedication, remarksGANA
WoO 4Piano Concerto No. 0, E1784s: GAsurvives only in pf score (with orch cues in solo part)xxv/310iii/5[6]
WoO 5Violin Concerto, fragment, C1790–92Vienna, 1879part of 1st movt only; 1st edn ded. Gerhard von BreuningHS iii
Hess 12Oboe Concerto, lost, F?1792–3sent to Bonn from Vienna in late 1793; a few sketches survive
Op. 19Piano Concerto No. 2, Bbegun c1788, rev. 1794–5, 1798; 29 March 1795p: Leipzig, 1801Carl Nicklas von Nickelsberg; score frag. rejected from early version, HS iiiix/66iii/2[6]
cadenza for first movement1809GAix/70avii/7[6]
Op. 15Piano Concerto No. 1, C1795, rev. 1800; 18 Dec 1795p: Vienna, 1801Princess Barbara Odescalchi (née Countess von Keglevics)ix/65iii/2[6]
3 cadenzas for first movement1809GAix/70avii/7[6]
Op. 37Piano Concerto No. 3, c?1800–03; 5 April 1803p: Vienna, 1804Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussiaix/67iii/2[6]
cadenza for first movement1809GAix/70avii/7[6]
Op. 56Triple Concerto for violin, cello, and piano, C1804–7; May 1808p: Vienna, 1807Prince Lobkowitzix/70iii/1[6]
Op. 58Piano Concerto No. 4, G1804–6/7; 22 Dec 1808p: Vienna, 1808Archduke Rudolph of Austriaix/68iii/3[6]
2 cadenzas for first movement, cadenza for finale?1809GAix/70avii/7[6]
cadenza for first movement, 2 cadenzas for finale (Hess 81, 82, 83)?1809NAHSxvii/7[6]
Op. 61Violin Concerto, D1806; 23 Dec 1806p: Vienna, 1808; London, 1810Stephan von Breuningiv/29; HSxiii/4[6]
Op. 61aBeethoven's arrangement of Opus 61 for piano, D1807p: Vienna, 1808; London, 1810Julie von Breuningix/73 (solo part)iii/5[6][6]
Cadenza for first movement, cadenza for finale?1809GAix/70avii/7[6]
2 cadenzas for finale (Hess 84–5)?1809NAHSxvii/7[6]
Op. 73Piano Concerto No. 5 ("Emperor"), E1809; 28 Nov 1811p: London, 1810; Leipzig, 1811Archduke Rudolphix/69iii/3[6]

Other works for soloist and orchestra

No.Title, keyComposition, first performancePublicationDedication, remarksGANA
Hess 13Romance Cantabile?1786Wiesbaden, 1952intended as slow movement of larger workHS iii
WoO 6Rondo for Piano and Orchestra, B1793p: Vienna, 1892orig. finale of op.19; solo part completed by Carl Czerny for 1st ednix/72; HS iiiiii/5[6]
Op. 50Romance for Violin and Orchestra No. 2, Fc1798; ? Nov 1798p: Vienna, 1805iv/31iii/4[6]
Op. 40Romance for Violin and Orchestra No. 1, G1801–02p: Leipzig, 1803iv/30iii/4[6]
Op. 80Choral Fantasy, c1808, rev. 1809; 22 Dec 1808p: London, 1810; Leipzig, 1811Maximilian Joseph, King of Bavaria;HS xix/71x/2[6]

Overtures and incidental music

No.Title, keyComposition, first performancePublicationDedication, remarksGANA
WoO 1Ritterballet1790–91; Bonn, 6 March 1791pf: Leipzig and Winterthur, 1872; s: GAxxv/286; HS viiiii/2[6]
Op. 43The Creatures of Prometheus1800–01; Burgtheater, Vienna, 28 March 1801for pf: Vienna, 1801; p: Leipzig, 1804 [ov. only]; s: GAPrincess Christiane von Lichnowskyii/11; HX viiiii/2[6]
Op. 62Coriolan Overture, c1807; March 1807p: Vienna, 1808Heinrich Joseph von Colliniii/18ii/1[6]
Op. 138Leonore Overture "No. 1", C1807; 7 Feb 1828s, p: Vienna, 1838iii/19ix/1[6]
Op. 72aLeonore Overture "No. 2", C1804–5; Theater an der Wien, Vienna, 20 Nov 1805s: HSHS ii. xi-xiiiix/1[6]
Op. 72bLeonore Overture "No. 3", C1805–6; Theater an der Wien, 29 March 1806s: HSHS xi–xiiiix/1[6]
Op. 84Egmont1809–10; 15 June 1810p: Leipzig, 1810 [ov.], Leipzig, 1812 [remainder]; vs: Leipzig, 1812 [without ov.]; s: Leipzig, 1831ii/12, iii/27; HS v (no.4)ix/7[6]
Op. 113The Ruins of Athens (Die Ruinen von Athen)1811: 10 Feb 1812s: Vienna, 1823 [ov. only], Vienna, 1846 [complete],ded. (by publisher) König Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussiaxx/207, iii/28ix/8[6]
Op. 117King Stephen (König Stephan)1811; 10 Feb 1812s: Vienna, 1826 [ov. only], GA [complete]xx/207b, iii/23ix/8[6]
WoO 2aTriumphal March, for Tarpeja, C1813; 26 March 1813p: Vienna, 1840; s: GAii/14ix/7[6]
WoO 2bIntroduction to Act 2, for Leonore, 1805 version1813; 26 March 1813s: Mainz, 1938HS iv
Op. 91Wellington's Victory ("Battle Symphony")1813; 8 Dec 1813s, p: Vienna, 1816; for pf: London and Vienna, 1816Prince Regent of England (later King George IV)ii/10; HS viii (for pf)ii/1[6]
Op. 115Zur Namensfeier (Feastday), C1814–15; 25 Dec 1815s, p: Vienna, 1825Polish and Prussian Prince Antoni_Radziwiłłiii/22ii/1[6]
WoO 96Leonore Prohaska1815s: GAxxv/272ix/7[6]
Op. 124The Consecration of the House (Die Weihe des Hauses), C1822; Josefstadt-Theater, 3 Oct 1822s: Mainz, 1825Prince Nikolay Golitsïniii/24ii/1[6]
WoO 98Wo sich die Pulse, chorus for The Consecration of the Houses:GAxxv/266ix/8[6]
WoO 3Gratulations-Menuet, E1822; 3 Nov 1822p: Vienna, 1832written for Carl Friedrich Hensler, ded. (by publisher) Karl Holzii/13ii/3[6]

Chamber music

Beethoven wrote 16 string quartets and numerous other forms of chamber music, including piano trios, string trios, and sonatas for violin and cello with piano, as well as works with wind instruments.

Chamber music for strings

String quartets
No.Title, keyComposition, first performancePublicationDedication, remarksGANA
Op. 18/3String Quartet No. 3, D1798–9Vienna, 1801Prince Lobkowitzvi/39vi/3[6]
Op. 18/1String Quartet No. 1, F1799Vienna, 1801Prince Lobkowitzvi/37vi/3[6]
Op. 18/2String Quartet No. 2, G1799Vienna, 1801Prince Lobkowitzvi/38vi/3[6]
Op. 18/5String Quartet No. 5, A1799Vienna, 1801Prince Lobkowitzvi/41vi/3[6]
Op. 18/4String Quartet No. 4, c1799Vienna, 1801Prince Lobkowitzvi/40vi/3[6]
Op. 18/6String Quartet No. 6, B1800Vienna, 1801Prince Lobkowitzvi/42vi/3[6]
Op. 59/1String Quartet No. 7 ("Razumovsky"), F1806Vienna, 1808Count Razumovskyvi/43vi/4[6]
Op. 59/2String Quartet No. 8 ("Razumovsky"), e1806Vienna, 1808Count Razumovskyvi/44vi/4[6]
Op. 59/3String Quartet No. 9 ("Razumovsky"), C1806Vienna, 1808Count Razumovskyvi/45vi/4[6]
Op. 74String Quartet No. 10 ("Harp"), E1809London and Leipzig, 1810Prince Lobkowitzvi/46vi/4[6]
Op. 95String Quartet No. 11 ("Serioso"), f1810–11; May 1814Vienna, 1816Nikolaus Zmeskall von Domanoveczvi/47vi/4[6]
Op. 127String Quartet No. 12, E1824–5; 6 March 1825Mainz, 1826Prince Golitsïnvi/48vi/5[6]
Op. 132String Quartet No. 15, a1825; 6 Nov 1825Paris and Berlin, 1826Prince Golitsïnvi/51vi/5[6]
Op. 130String Quartet No. 13, B1825–6; 21 March 1826; 22 April 1827 (with new finale)Vienna, 1827Prince Golitsïn[11]vi/49vi/5[6]
Op. 133Große Fuge, B1825–6; 21 March 1826Vienna, 1827Archduke Rudolph; original ending of Op. 130vi/53vi/5[6]
Op. 131String Quartet No. 14, c1825–6Mainz, 1827Baron Joseph von Stutterheimvi/50vi/5[6]
Op. 135String Quartet No. 16, F1826; 23 March 1828Berlin and Paris, 1827Johann Wolfmayervi/52vi/5[6]
Other chamber music for strings
No.Title, keyComposition, first performancePublicationDedication, remarksGANA
Hess 33Minuet for String Quartet, A1790–2HSHS viKB vi/4[12]
Op. 3Opus 3: String Trio No. 1, Ebefore 1794Vienna, 1796vii/54vi/6[6]
Op. 4String Quintet, E1795Vienna, 1796thoroughly recomposed version of Octet Op. 103v/36vi/2[6]
WoO 32Duo for Viola and Cello, "mit zwei obligaten Augengläsern" ("with two obbligato eyeglasses")1796–71st movt: Leipzig, 1912; minuet: Frankfurt, London and New York, 1952probably written for Zmeskall von DomanoveczHS vivi/6[6]
Op. 8Serenade for string trio, "String Trio No. 2", D1796-7Vienna, 1797vii/58vi/6[6]
Op. 9/1String Trio No. 3, G1797–8Vienna, 1798Count Johann Georg von Brownevii/55vi/6[6]
Op. 9/2String Trio No. 4, D1797–8Vienna, 1798Count Johann Georg von Brownevii/56vi/6[6]
Op. 9/3String Trio No. 5, F1797–8Vienna, 1798Count Johann Georg von Brownevii/57vi/6[6]
Op. 29String Quintet (Storm),[13] C1801Leipzig, 1802Count Friesv/34vi/2[6]
Hess 34String Quartet, F1801–2Vienna, 1802Baroness Josefine von Braun; arrangement of Piano Sonata No. 9HS vivi/3[6]
Op. 104String Quintet, c1817; 10 Dec 1818Vienna and London, 1819arr. of Piano Trio Op. 1/3; arr. corrected by Beethoven, but largely the work of Kaufmannv/36avi/2[6]
Hess 40Prelude for string quintet, d1817SMz, xcv (1955)HS vivi/2[6]
Op. 137Fugue for String Quintet, DNov 1817Vienna, 1827v/35vi/2[6]
WoO 34Duet for two violins, AApril 1822T. von Frimmel: Ludwig van Beethoven (Berlin, 1901)Alexandre BoucherHS vi
Hess 41String Quintet, C1826–7Vienna, 1838survives only in piano transcr., WoO 62HS viii

Chamber music with piano

Solo instrument and piano
No.Title, keyComposition, first performancePublicationDedication, remarksGANA
Hess 46Violin Sonata, fragment, Ac1790–2HSauthenticity no longer in doubtHS ix
Anh 4Flute Sonata, B?c1790–2Leipzig, 1906Manuscript copy found among Beethoven's papers after his death, authenticity not certainHS ix
WoO 40Variations for violin and piano on Se vuol ballare from Mozart's The Marriage of Figaro, F 1792-3Vienna, 1793Eleonore von Breuningxii/103v/2[6]
WoO 41Rondo for violin and piano, G1793–4Bonn, 1808xii/102v/2[6]
WoO 43aSonatina for mandolin and piano, c1796Grove1 ("Mandoline")probably written for Countess Josephine de Claryxxv/295v/4[6]
WoO 43bAdagio for mandolin and piano, E1796GAprobably for Countess de Claryxxv/296v/4[6]
WoO 44aSonatina for mandolin and piano, C1796Der Merker, iii (1912)probably for Countess de ClaryHS ixv/4[6]
WoO 44bAndante and Variations for mandolin and piano, D1796Sudetendeutsches Musikarchiv (1940), no.1probably for Countess de ClaryHS ixv/4[6]
Op. 5/1Cello Sonata No. 1, F1796Vienna, 1797Friedrich Wilhelm II of Prussiaxiii/105v/3[6]
Op. 5/2Cello Sonata No. 2, g1796Vienna, 1797Friedrich Wilhelm II of Prussiaxiii/106v/3[6]
WoO 45Variations for cello and piano on "See the counquering hero comes" from Handel's Judas Maccabaeus, G1796Vienna, 1797Princess Christiane von Lichnowskyxiii/110v/3[6]
Op. 66Variations for cello and piano on "Ein Mädchen oder Weibchen" from Mozart's The Magic Flute, F?1796Vienna, 1798xiii/111v/3[6]
Op. 12/1Violin Sonata No. 1, D1798Vienna, 1799Antonio Salierixii/92v/1[6]
Op. 12/2Violin Sonata No. 2, A1798Vienna, 1799Antonio Salierixii/93v/1[6]
Op. 12/3Violin Sonata No. 3, E1798Vienna, 1799Antonio Salierixii/94v/1[6]
Op. 17Horn Sonata, F1800; 18 April 1800Vienna, 1801Baroness Josefine von Braunxiv/112v/4[6]
Op. 23Violin Sonata No. 4, a1800Vienna, 1801Count Friesxii/95v/1[6]
Op. 24Violin Sonata No. 5 ("Spring"), F1800–01Vienna, 1801Count Friesxii/96v/1[6]
WoO 46Variations for cello and piano on "Bei Männern, welche Liebe fühlen" from Mozart's The Magic Flute, E1801Vienna, 1802Count von Brownexiii/111av/3[6]
Op. 30/1Violin Sonata No. 6, A1801–2Vienna, 1803Alexander I, Tsar of Russiaxii/97v/2[6]
Op. 30/2Violin Sonata No. 7, c1801–2Vienna, 1803Alexander I, Tsar of Russiaxii/98v/2[6]
Op. 30/3Violin Sonata No. 8, G1801–2Vienna, 1803Alexander I, Tsar of Russiaxii/99v/2[6]
Op. 47Violin Sonata No. 9 ("Kreutzer"), A1802–3; 24 May 1803Bonn and London, 1805written for George P. Bridgetower, ded. Rodolphe Kreutzerxii/100v/2[6]
Op. 41Serenade for flute (or violin) and piano, D1803Liepzig, 1803arr. of Serenade op.25; arr. approved and corrected by Beethoven but largely the work of someone elseHS ix
Op. 42Notturno for viola and piano, D1803Leipzig, 1804arr. of Serenade op.8; arr. approved and corrected by Beethoven but largely the work of someone elseHS ix
Op. 69Cello Sonata No. 3, A1807Leipzig, 1809Baron Ignaz von Gleichensteinxiii/107v/3[6]
Op. 96Violin Sonata No. 10 ("The Cockcrow"), G1812, probably rev. 1814–15; 29 Dec 1812 Vienna, 1801Vienna and London, 1816written for Pierre Rode, ded. Archduke Rudolphxii/101v/2[6]
Op. 102/1Cello Sonata No. 4, C1815Bonn, 1817Countesss Marie Erdödyxiii/108v/3[6]
Op. 102/2Cello Sonata No. 5, D1815Bonn, 1817Countess Erdödyxiii/109v/3[6]
Op. 105Six Nation airs with Variations for flute (or violin) and piano1818–9London, Edinburgh and Vienna, 1819xiv/113–4v/4[6]
Op. 107Ten Nation airs with Variations for flute (or violin) and piano1818–9London and Edinburgh, 1819 [nos. 2, 6, 7]; Bonn and Cologne, 1820 [complete]xiv/115–9v/4[6]
Piano Trios
No.Title, keyComposition, first performancePublicationDedication, remarksGANA
WoO 38Piano Trio, E?1791Frankfurt, 1830xi/86iv/3[6]
Hess 48Allegretto, E?1791Frankfurt, 1830xi/86iv/3[6]
Op. 1/1Piano Trio No. 1, Ebefore 1794Vienna, 1795Prince Lichnowskyxi/79
Op. 1/2Piano Trio No. 2, G1794–5Vienna, 1795Prince Lichnowskyxi/80
Op. 1/3Piano Trio No. 3, c1794–5Vienna, 1795Prince Lichnowskyxi/81
Op. 44Variations on an original theme, E1792Leipzig, 1804xi/88iv/3[6]
Op. 121aVariations on Wenzel Müller's ‘Ich bin der Schneider Kakadu’, ("Kakadu Variations"), G?1803, rev. 1816Vienna and London, 1824xi/87iv/3[6]
Op. 70/1Piano Trio No. 5 ("Ghost"), D1808Leipzig, 1809Countess Erdödyxi/82
Op. 70/2Piano Trio No. 6, E1808Leipzig, 1809Countess Erdödyxi/83
Op. 97Piano Trio No. 7 ("Archduke"), B1810–11; 11 April 1814Vienna and London, 1816Archduke Rudolphxi/84
WoO 39Allegretto for piano trio, BJune 1812Frankfurt, 1830Maximiliane Brentanoxi/85iv/3[6]
Other chamber music with piano
No.Title, keyComposition, first performancePublicationDedication, remarksGANA
WoO 36/1Piano Quartet No. 1, E1785Vienna, 1828x/75iv/1
WoO 36/2Piano Quartet No. 2, D1785Vienna, 1828x/76iv/1
WoO 36/3Piano Quartet No. 3, C1785Vienna, 1828x/77iv/1
WoO 37Trio for piano, flute and bassoon, G1786GAxxv/294iv/3
Op. 16Quintet for piano and winds, E1796; 6 April 1797Vienna, 1801Prince Joseph zu Schwarzenbergx/74iv/1
Op. 16bPiano Quartet, EVienna, 1801arr. of Op. 16; authenticity affirmed in Wegeler and Ries (D1838)x/78iv/1
Op. 11Trio for clarinet (or violin), cello and piano, ("Gassenhauer") (version with Violin instead of Clarinet is considered Piano Trio No. 4), B1797Vienna, 1798Countess Maria Wilhelmine von Thunxi/89
Op. 38Trio for clarinet (or violin), cello and piano, E1802–3Vienna, 1805Professor Johann Adam Schmidt; arr. of Septet Op. 20xi/91iv/3

Chamber music for winds

No.Title, keyComposition, first performancePublicationDedication, remarksGANA
WoO 26Allegro and Minuet for two flutes, GAug 1792A.W. Thayer: Ludwig van Beethovens Leben, ed. H. Deiters, ii (Berlin, 1901)J.M. DegenhartHS viivi/1[6]
Op. 103Octet for oboes, clarinets, horns, and bassoons, Ebefore Nov 1792Vienna, 1830viii/59vi/1[6]
WoO 25Rondino for oboes, clarinets, horns and bassoons, E1793Vienna, 1830intended as finale to Op. 103viii/60vi/1[6]
Hess 19Quintet for oboe, 3 horns and bassoon, E?1793Mainz, 1954HS viivi/1[6]
Op. 87Trio for two oboes and English horn, C?1795Vienna, 1806viii/63vi/1[6]
WoO 28Variations for two oboes and cor anglais on "Là ci darem la mano" from Mozart's opera Don Giovanni, C?1795; 23 Dec 1797Leipzig, 1914HS viivi/1[6]
Op. 81bSextet for Horns and String Quartet, E?1795Bonn, 1810v/33vi/1[6]
Op. 71Sextet for clarinets, horns and bassoons, E?1796; April 1805Leipzig, 1810viii/61vi/1[6]
WoO 29March for clarinets, horns and bassoons, B1797–8GAxxv/292vi/1[6]
Op. 20Septet, E1799; 2 April 1800Leipzig, 1802Empress Maria Theresav/32vi/1[6]
Op. 25Serenade for flute, violin and viola, D1801Vienna, 1802viii/62vi/1[6]
WoO 30Three Equali for 4 trombones, dNov 1812GAtranscr. for 4 male voices by Ignaz von Seyfried perf. at Beethoven's funeral, pubd Vienna, 1827xxv/293vi/1[6]

Solo piano music

In addition to the 32 celebrated sonatas, Beethoven's work for solo piano includes many one-movement pieces, more than twenty sets of variations, most unpublished in his lifetime or published without opus number, and over thirty bagatelles, including the well-known "Für Elise".

Piano sonatas

No.Title, keyComposition, first performancePublicationDedication, remarksGANA
WoO 47/1Three early Kurfürstensonatas, No. 1, E?1783Speyer, 1783Archbishop Maximilian Friedrich, Elector of Colognexvi/156
WoO 47/2Three early Kurfürstensonatas, No. 2, f?1783Speyer, 1783Archbishop Maximilian Friedrich, Elector of Colognexvi/157
WoO 47/3Three early Kurfürstensonatas, No. 3, D?1783Speyer, 1783Archbishop Maximilian Friedrich, Elector of Colognexvi/158
WoO 50Piano Sonata, Fc1790–2Munich and Duisburg, 1950Franz Gerhard Wegeler; facs. pubd in L. Schmidt: Beethoven-Briefe (Berlin, 1909)HS ix
Op. 2/1Piano Sonata No. 1, f1793–5Vienna, 1796Joseph Haydnxvi/124vii/2
Op. 2/2Piano Sonata No. 2, A1794–5Vienna, 1796Joseph Haydnxvi/125vii/2
Op. 2/3Piano Sonata No. 3, C1794–5Vienna, 1796Joseph Haydnxvi/126vii/2
Op. 49/1Piano Sonata No. 19, g?1797Vienna, 1805xvi/142vii/3
Op. 49/2Piano Sonata No. 20, G1795–6Vienna, 1805xvi/143vii/3
Op. 7Piano Sonata No. 4 ("Grand Sonata"), E1797–8Vienna, 1798Countess Barbara von Keglevicsxvi/127vii/2
Op. 10/1Piano Sonata No. 5, c?1795–7Vienna, 1798Countess Anna Margaret von Brownexvi/128vii/2
Op. 10/2Piano Sonata No. 6, F1796–7Vienna, 1798Countess von Brownexvi/129vii/2
Op. 10/3Piano Sonata No. 7, D1797–8Vienna, 1798Countess von Brownexvi/130vii/2
WoO 51Piano Sonata, fragment, C1797–8Frankfurt, 1830Eleonore von Breuning; completed by Ferdinand Riesxvi/159
Op. 13Piano Sonata No. 8 ("Pathetique"), c1797–8Vienna, 1799Prince Lichnowskyxvi/131vii/2
Op. 14/1Piano Sonata No. 9, E1798Vienna, 1799Baroness Josefine von Braunxvi/132vii/2
Op. 14/2Piano Sonata No. 10, G?1799Vienna, 1799Baroness Josefine von Braunxvi/133vii/2
Op. 22Piano Sonata No. 11, B1800Liepzig, 1802Count von Braunxvi/134vii/2
Op. 26Piano Sonata No. 12, A1800–01Vienna, 1802Prince Lichnowskyxvi/135vii/2
Op. 27/1Piano Sonata No. 13 ("Quasi una fantasia"), E1801Vienna, 1802Princess Josephine von Liechtensteinxvi/136vii/3
Op. 27/2Piano Sonata No. 14 ("Moonlight"), c1801Vienna, 1802Countess Giulietta Guicciardixvi/137vii/3
Op. 28Piano Sonata No. 15 ("Pastoral") D1801Vienna, 1802Joseph von Sonnenfelsxvi/138vii/3
Op. 31/1Piano Sonata No. 16, G1802Zurich, 1803xvi/139vii/3
Op. 31/2Piano Sonata No. 17 ("Tempest"), d1802Zurich, 1803xvi/140vii/3
Op. 31/3Piano Sonata No. 18 ("The Hunt"), E1802Zurich and London, 1804xvi/141vii/3
Op. 53Piano Sonata No. 21 ("Waldstein"), C1803–4Vienna, 1805Count Ferdinand von Waldsteinxvi/144vii/3
Op. 54Piano Sonata No. 22, F1804Vienna, 1806xvi/145vii/3
Op. 57Piano Sonata No. 23 ("Appassionata"), f1804–5Vienna, 1807Count Franz von Brunsvikxvi/146vii/3
Op. 78Piano Sonata No. 24 ("À Thérèse"), F1809Liepzig and London, 1810Countess Therese von Brunsvikxvi/147
Op. 79Piano Sonata No. 25, G1809Leipzig and London, 1810xvi/148
Op. 81aPiano Sonata No. 26 ("Les Adieux"), E1809–10Leipzig and London, 1811Archduke Rudolphxvi/149
Op. 90Piano Sonata No. 27, e1814Vienna, 1815Count Moritz Lichnowskyxvi/150
Op. 101Piano Sonata No. 28, A1816Vienna, 1817Baroness Dorothea Ertmannxvi/151
Op. 106Piano Sonata No. 29 ("Hammerklavier"), B1817–8Vienna and London, 1819Archduke Rudolphxvi/152
Op. 109Piano Sonata No. 30, E1820Berlin, 1821Maximiliane Brentanoxvi/153
Op. 110Piano Sonata No. 31, A1821–2Paris, Berlin, Vienna, 1822; London 1823xvi/154
Op. 111Piano Sonata No. 32, c1821–2Paris, Berlin, Vienna and London, 1823Archduke Rudolph; London edn ded. Antonie Brentanoxvi/155

Piano variations

No.Title, keyComposition, first performancePublicationDedication, remarksGANA
WoO 63Nine variations on a march by Ernst Christoph Dressler, c1782Mannheim, 1782–3Countess Felice von Wolf-Metternich; First published compositionxvii/166vii/5
WoO 65Twenty-four variations on Vincenzo Righini's aria "Vieni amore",[14] Dc1790–1Mainz, 1791; Vienna, 1802Countess Maria Anna Hortensia von Hatzfeldxvii/178vii/5
WoO 66Thirteen variations on the aria "Es war einmal ein alter Mann" from Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf's opera Das rote Käppchen, A1792Bonn, 1793xvii/175vii/5
WoO 64Six variations on a Swiss song for piano or harp, Fc1790–2Bonn, ?1798xvii/177vii/5
WoO 68Twelve variations on the "Menuet a la Vigano" from Jakob Haibel's ballet La nozza disturbate, C1795Vienna, 1796xvii/169vii/5
WoO 69Nine variations on "Quant'e piu bello" from Giovanni Paisiello's opera La Molinara, A1795Vienna, 1795Prince Lichnowskyxvii/167vii/5
WoO 70Six variations on "Nel cor più non mi sento" from Giovanni Paisiello's opera La Molinara, G1795Vienna, 1796xvii/168vii/5
WoO 72Eight variations on "Une fièvre brûlante" from André Grétry's opera Richard Coeur-de-lion, C?1795Vienna, 1798xvii/171vii/5
WoO 71Twelve variations on the Russian dance from Paul Wranitzky's ballet Das Waldmädchen, A1796–7Vienna, 1797Countess von Brownexvii/170vii/5
WoO 73Ten variations on "La stessa, la stessissima" from Antonio Salieri's opera Falstaff, B1799Vienna, 1799Countess von Keglevicsxvii/172vii/5
WoO 76Eight variations on "Tändeln und scherzen" from Franz Xaver Süssmayr's opera Soliman II, F1799Vienna, 1799Countess von Brownexvii/174vii/5
WoO 75Seven variations on "Kind, willst du ruhig schlafen" from Peter Winter's opera Das unterbrochene Opferfest, F1799Vienna, 1799xvii/173vii/5
WoO 77Six easy variations on an original theme, G1800Vienna, 1800xvii/176vii/5
Op. 34Six variations on an original theme, F1802Leipzig, 1803Princess Odescalchixvii/162vii/5
Op. 35Fifteen variations and a fugue on an original theme, ("Eroica Variations") E1802Leipzig, 1803Count Moritz Lichnowskyxvii/163vii/5
WoO 78Seven variations on "God Save the King", C1802–3Vienna, 1804xvii/179vii/5
WoO 79Five variations on "Rule, Britannia!", D1803Vienna, 1804xvii/180vii/5
WoO 80Thirty-two variations on an original theme, c1806Vienna, 1807xvii/181vii/5
Op. 76Six variations on an original theme (the Turkish March from The Ruins of Athens), D1809Leipzig and London, 1810Franz Olivaxvii/164vii/5
Op. 120Thirty-three variations on a waltz by Diabelli ("Diabelli Variations"), C1819-23Vienna, 1823Antonie Brentanoxvii/165vii/5

Shorter piano pieces

No.Title, keyComposition, first performancePublicationDedication, remarksGANA
WoO 48Rondo, C1783H.P. Bossler: Blumenlese für Klavierliebhaber, ii (Speyer, 1783)HS ix
WoO 49Rondo, A?1783H.P. Bossler: Neue Blumenlese für Klavierliebhaber, ii (Speyer, 1784)xviii/196
Op. 39Two preludes through all twelve major keys for piano or organ?1789Leipzig, 1803xviii/184
WoO 81Allemande, Ac1793, rev. 1822GAxxv/307
Op. 129Rondo a capriccio ("Rage Over a Lost Penny"), G1795Vienna, 1828autograph completed by unknown ed. (probably Diabelli), 1828xviii/191
Hess 64Fugue, C1795MT, xcvi (1955)HS ix
WoO 52Presto (Bagatelle),[15] cc1795, rev. 1798 and 1822GAOriginally intended for Sonata Op.10/1xxv/297/1
WoO 53Allegretto (Bagatelle),[15] c1796–7GAOriginally intended for Sonata Op.10/1xxv/299
Hess 69Allegretto, cc1795–6, rev. 1822HSprobably orig. intended for Sonata op.10/1HS ix
Op. 51/1Rondos, C,c1796–7London and Leipzig, 1810Prince Lobkowitzvi/46
Op. 51/2Rondos, Gc1798Vienna, 1802Countess Henriette Lichnowskyxviii/186
Op. 33Seven Bagatelles1801–2;Vienna and London, 1803xviii/183
WoO 54Lustig-Traurig (Bagatelle),[15] C?1802GAxxv/300
WoO 55Prelude, fc1803Vienna, 1805xviii/195
WoO 56Allegretto (Bagatelle),[15] C1803, rev. 1822GAOriginally intended for sonata Op. 53xxv/297/2
WoO 57Andante ("Andante favori"), F1803Vienna, 1805Originally intended for sonata Op. 53xviii/192
WoO 82Minuet, Ec1803Vienna, 1805xviii/193
Op. 77Fantasia, g1809Leipzig and London, 1810Count Franz von Brunsvikxviii/187
WoO 59Für Elise (Bagatelle),[15] a1808–10L. Nohl: Neue Briefe Beethovens (Stuttgart, 1867)xxv/298
Op. 89Polonaise, C1814Vienna, 1815Empress Elisabeth Alexeyerna of Russiaxviii/188
WoO 60Bagatelle, B1818Berliner allgemeine musikalische Zeitung, i (1824)xxv/301
Hess 65"Concert Finale", C1820–1in F. Starke, ed.: Wiener Piano-Forte-Schule, iii (Vienna, 1821)arr. of coda to finale of Piano Concerto No. 3HS ix
WoO 61Allegretto, b1821Robitschek: Deutscher Kunst- und Musikzeitung (15 March 1893)Ferdinand PiringerHS ix
Op. 119Eleven Bagatelles1820–2[16]nos.7–11 in F. Starke, ed.: Wiener Piano-Forte-Schule, iii (Vienna, 1821); all 11, London, 1823xviii/189
Op. 126Six Bagatelles1824Mainz, 1825xviii/190
WoO 84Waltz, E1824Vienna, 1824Friedrich Demmer (publisher's ded.)xxv/303
WoO 61aAllegretto quasi andante, g1825NZM, cxvii (1956)Sarah Burney PayneHS ix
WoO 85Waltz, D1825Vienna, 1825Duchess Sophie of Austria (publisher's ded.)xxv/304
WoO 86Ecossaise, E1825Vienna, 1825Duchess Sophie of Austria (publisher's ded.)xxv/305

Piano four hands

No.Title, keyComposition, first performancePublicationDedication, remarksGANA
WoO 67Eight Variations on a Theme by Count Waldstein, C?1792Bonn, 1794xv/122vii/1
Op. 6Sonata for Piano, Four Hands, D1796-7Vienna, 1797xv/120vii/1
WoO 74Six Variations on Beethoven's "Ich denke dein", D1799, 1803[17]Vienna, 1805Countess Therese von Brunsvik and Josephine Deym (née Brunsvik)xv/123vii/1
Op. 45Three marches1803Vienna, 1804Princess Maria Esterházyxv/121vii/1
Op. 134Fugue for Piano, four hands, B1826Vienna, 1827Archduke Rudolph; arr. of Große Fuge Op. 133HS viiivii/1

Vocal music

While he completed only one opera, Beethoven wrote vocal music throughout his life, including two Mass settings, other works for chorus and orchestra (in addition to the Ninth Symphony), arias, duets, art songs (lieder), and true song cycles.


No.TitleComposition, first performancePublicationDedication, remarksGANA
WoO 91Two arias for Umlauf's Singspiel Die schöne Schusterin?1795–6s:GAxxv/270x/3
Hess 115Vestas Feuer, fragment1803s: Wiesbaden, 1953HS xiii
Op. 72Fidelio1st version (with Leonore ov. no.2), 1804–5; Theater an der Wien, Vienna, 20 Nov 1805vs: Leipzig, 1905; s: HS[18]HS ii. xi–xiii
2nd version (with Leonore ov. no.3), 1805–6; Theater an der Wien, 29 March 1806vs: Leipzig, 1810; s: HSHS xi–xiii
final version (with ‘Fidelio’ ov.), 1814; Kärntnertor, Vienna, 23 May 1814vs: Vienna, 1814; s: Paris, 1826, Bonn, 1847xx/206
WoO 94Germania, finale of Die gute Nachricht (Singspiel, G.F. Treitschke)1814; Kärntnertor, 11 April 1814vs: Vienna, 1814; s: GAxx/207dix/7
WoO 97Es ist vollbracht, finale of Die Ehrenpforten (Singspiel, Treitschke)1815; Kärntnertor, 15 July 1815vs: Vienna, 1815; s: GAxx/207cix/7

Choral works with orchestra

No.Title, keyComposition, first performancePublicationDedication, remarksGANA
WoO 87Funeral cantata on the Death of Emperor Joseph IIMarch 1790GAxxv/264x/1
WoO 88Cantata on the accession of Emperor Leopold IISept–Oct 1790GAxxv/265x/1
Op. 85Christus am Ölberge (Christ on the Mount of Olives)1803, rev. 1804; 5 April 1803Leipzig, 1811xix/205viii/1[6]
Op. 86Mass in C major1807; 13 Sept 1807Leipzig, 1812Prince Ferdinand Kinskyxix/204viii/2[6]
WoO 95Chor auf die verbündeten Fürsten "Ihr weisen Gründer"Sept 1814GAfor Congress of Viennaxxv/267x/2
Op. 136Der glorreiche Augenblick (The glorious moment)1814; 29 Nov 1814Vienna, 1837for Congress of Viennaxxi/208x/1
Op. 112Meeresstille und glückliche Fahrt ("Calm Sea and Prosperous Voyage")1814–5; 25 Dec 1815Vienna, 1822Johann Wolfgang von Goethexxi/209x/2
Op. 123Missa solemnis, D1819–23; 7 April 1824Mainz, 1827Archduke Rudolph[19]xxi/203viii/3[6]
Opferlied "Die Flamme lodert"1822; 23 Dec 1822GAxxv/268
Op. 121bOpferlied, 2nd version1824Mainz, 1824xxii/212x/2
Op. 122Bundeslied "In allen guten Stunden"1823–4Mainz, 1825xxii/213x/2

Other choral works

No.TitleComposition, first performancePublicationDedication, remarksGANA
WoO 102Abschiedsgesang "Die Stunde schlägt", for male voices1814GALeopold Weiss; at the request of Mathias Tuscherxxv/273
WoO 103Cantata campestre "Un lieto brindisi", for four voices and piano1814; 24 June 1814Jb der Literarischen Vereinigung Winterthur 1945Giovanni MalfattiHS vxii/1
WoO 104Gesang der Mönche "Rasch tritt der Tod", from Wilhelm Tell (Schiller), for two tenors and bass1817NZM, vi (1839)in memory of Franz Sales Kandler and Wenzel Krumpholzxxiii/255
WoO 105Hochzeitslied "Auf Freunde, singt dem Gott der Ehen", for tenor (or male solo), chorus and piano1819Der Bär 1927 for tenor; London, 1858 for male soloAnna Giannatasio del RioHS vxii/1
WoO 106Birthday Cantata for Prince Lobkowitz "Es lebe unser theurer Fürst", for soprano, chorus and pianoApril 1823L. Nohl: Neue Briefe Beethovens (Stuttgart, 1867)Prince Lobkowitzxxv/274xii/1

Solo voices and orchestra

No.TitleComposition, first performancePublicationDedication, remarksGANA
WoO 89Prüfung des Küssens, aria for bassc1790–2GAxxv/269/1x/3
WoO 90Mit Mädeln sich vertragen, aria for bassc1790–2GAxxv/269/2x/3
WoO 92Primo amore, scena and aria for sopranoc1790–2GAxxv/271x/3
Op. 65Ah! perfido, scena and aria for sopranoearly 1796p, vs: Leipzig, 1805; s: GA;Countess Josephine de Clary (ded. in MS, not in 1st editionxxii/210x/3
WoO 92aNo, non turbarti, scena and aria for sopranoearly 1802Wiesbaden, 1949HS iix/3
WoO 93Ne' giorni tuoi felici, duet for soprano and tenorlate 1802Leipzig, 1939HS ii, xivx/3
Op. 116Tremate, empi, tremate, for soprano, tenor and bass1802; 1814p, vs: Vienna, 1826; s: GAxxii:211x/3
Op. 118Elegiac song ("Sanft wie du lebtest"), for soprano, alto, tenor, bass and string quartetJuly 1814Vienna, 1814Baron Johann von Pasqualatixxii/214x/2


No. Title Composition, first performance Publication Dedication, remarks GA NA
WoO 107 Schilderung eines Mädchens ?1783 H.P. Bossler: Blumenlese für Klavierliebhaber, ii (Speyer, 1783) xxiii/228 xii/1
WoO 108 An einen Säugling ?1784 H.P. Bossler: Neue Blumenlese für Klavierliebhaber, ii (Speyer, 1784) xxiii/229 xii/1
WoO 110 Elegie auf den Tod eines Pudels ?c1790 ?GA xxv/284 xii/1
WoO 113 Klage c1790 GA xxv/283 xii/1
Hess 151 Traute Henriette c1790-2 ÖMz, iv (1949) HS v xii/1
Op. 52 Eight Songs
  1. Urians Reise um die Welt
  2. Feuerfarb
  3. Das Liedchen von der Ruhe
  4. Maigesang
  5. Mollys Abschied
  6. Die Liebe
  7. Marmotte
  8. Das Blümchen Wunderhold
1790–6 Vienna, 1805 xxiii/218 xii/1
WoO 111 Punschlied c1791 L. Schiedermair: Der junge Beethoven (Leipzig, 1925/R,3/1951) HS v xii/1
WoO 109 Trinklied c1792 GA xxv/282 xii/1
WoO 112 An Laura c1792 G. Kinsky: Musik historisches Museum von Wilhelm Heyer in Cöln: Katalog, iv (Cologne, 1916) HS v xii/1
WoO 114 Selbstgespräch c1792 GA xxv/275 xii/1
WoO 115 An Minna c1792 GA xxv/280 xii/1
WoO 117 Der freie Mann 1792, rev. 1794 Bonn, 1808 xxiii/232; HS v xii/1
WoO 116 Que le temps dure xii/1
Hess 129 ?early 1794 Die Musik, i (1901–2) 1st version of WoO 116 HS v
Hess 130 ?1794 GA 2nd version of WoO 116 HS v
WoO 119 O care selve c1794 GA xxv/279 xii/1
WoO 126 Opferlied 1794–5, rev. 1801–2 Bonn, 1808 xxiii/233; HS v xii/1
WoO 118 Two Songs
  1. Seufzer eines Ungeliebten
  2. Gegenliebe
1794–5 Vienna, 1837 xxiii/253 xii/1
Op. 46 Adelaide 1794–5 Vienna, 1797 Friedrich von Matthisson xxiii/216 xii/1
WoO 123 Zärtliche Liebe c1795 Vienna, 1803 xxiii/249 xii/1
WoO 124 La partenza c1795-6 Vienna, 1803 xxiii/251 xii/1
WoO 121 Abschiedsgesang an Wiens Bürger 1796 Vienna, 1796 Obrist Wachtmeister von Kövesdy xxiii/230 xii/1
WoO 122 Kriegslied der Österreicher 1797 Vienna, 1797 xxiii/231 xii/1
WoO 125 La tiranna 1798–9 London, 1799 ded. (by W. Wennington) Mrs Tschoffen HS v xii/1
WoO 128 Plaisir d'aimer 1798–9 Die Musik, i (1901–2) HS v xii/1
WoO 127 Neue Liebe, neues Leben 1798–9 Bonn, 1808 HS v xii/1
WoO 74 Ich denke dein
Op. 48 Six Songs
  1. Bitten
  2. Die Liebe des Nächsten
  3. Vom Tode
  4. Die Ehre Gottes aus der Natur
  5. Gottes Macht und Vorsehung
  6. Busslied
c1801 – early 1802[20] Vienna, 1803 Count von Browne xxiii/217 xii/1
WoO 120 Man strebt die Flamme zu verhehlen c1802 GA Frau von Weissenthurn xxv/278 xii/1
WoO 129 Der Wachtelschlag 1803 Vienna, 1804 Count von Browne xxiii/234 xii/1
Op. 88 Das Glück der Freundschaft 1803 Vienna, 1803 xxiii/222 xii/1
Op. 32 An die Hoffnung 1805 Vienna, 1805 for Josephine Deym xxiii/215 xii/1
WoO 130 Gedenke mein ?1804–5, rev. 1819–20 Vienna, 1844 xxv/281 xii/1
WoO 132 Als die Geliebte sich trennen wollte 1806 AMZ, xii (1809–10) xxiii/235 xii/1
WoO 133 In questa tomba oscura 1806–7 Vienna, 1808 ded. (by publisher) Prince Lobkowitz xxiii/252 xii/1
WoO 134 Sehnsucht (4 settings) 1807–8 Vienna, 1810 xxiii/250 xii/1
WoO 136 Andenken 1805 Leipzig and London 1810 for Josephine Deym xxiii/248 xii/1
WoO 137 Lied aus der Ferne 1809 Leipzig and London, 1810 xxiii/236 xii/1
WoO 138 Der Jüngling in der Fremde 1809 Vienna, 1810 ded. (by Reissig[21]) Archduke Rudolph xxiii/237 xii/1
WoO 139 Der Liebende 1809 Vienna and London, 1810 ded. (by Reissig) Archduke Rudolph xxiii/238 xii/1
Op. 75 Six Songs
  1. Mignon
  2. Neue Liebe, neues Leben
  3. Aus Goethes Faust
  4. Gretels Warnung
  5. An den fernen Geliebten
  6. Der Zufriedene
1809[22] Leipzig and London, 1810 Princess Caroline Kinsky xxiii/219 xii/1
Op. 82 Four Ariettas and a Duet
  1. Hoffnung
  2. Liebes-Klage
  3. L'amante impatiente
  4. L'amante impetiente
  5. Lebens-Genuss
?1809 Leipzig and London, 1811 xxiii/220 xii/1
Op. 83 Three Songs
  1. Wonne der Wehmut
  2. Sehnsucht
  3. Mit einem gemalten Band
1810 Leipzig, 1811 Princess Caroline Kinsky xxiii/221 xii/1
WoO 140 An die Geliebte (2 versions) Dec 1811, rev. 1814 1st version: Augsburg, c1826; 2nd version: Friedensblätter (12 July 1814) xxiii/243a xii/1
WoO 141 Der Gesang der Nachtigall May 1843 GA xxv/227 xii/1
WoO 142 Der Bardengeist Nov 1813 Erichson: Musen-Almanach für das Jahr 1814 (Vienna, 1813–14) xxiii/241 xii/1
Op. 94 An die Hoffnung 1813-5 Vienna, 1816 Princess Kinsky xxiii/223 xii/1
WoO 143 Des Kriegers Abschied 1814 Vienna, 1815 ded. (by Reissig) Caroline von Bernath xxiii/240 xii/1
WoO 144 Merkenstein 1814 Selam: ein Almanach für Freunde des Mannigfaltigen auf das Schaltjahr 1816 (Vienna, 1815–16) xxv/276 xii/1
Op. 100 Merkenstein 1814 Vienna, 1816 Count Joseph Karl von Dietrichstein xxiii/226 xii/1
WoO 135 Die laute Klage ?c1815 Vienna, 1837 xxiii/254 xii/1
WoO 145 Das Geheimnis 1815 Wiener Zeitschrift für Kunst, Literatur, Theater und Mode, i (1816) xxiii/245 xii/1
WoO 146 Sehnsucht early 1816 Vienna, 1816 xxiii/239 xii/1
Op. 98 An die ferne Geliebte
  1. Auf dem Hügel sitz ich spähend
  2. Wo die Berge so blau
  3. Leichte Segler in den Höhen
  4. Diese Wolken in den Höhen
  5. Es kehret der Maien
  6. Nimm sie hin denn diese Lieder
1816 Vienna, 1816 Prince Lobkowitz[23] xxiii/224 xii/1
Op. 99 Der Mann von Wort ?May 1816 Vienna, 1816 xxiii/225 xii/1
WoO 147 Ruf von Berge Dec 1816 Gedichte von Friedrich Treitschke (Vienna, 1817) xxiii/242 xii/1
WoO 148 So oder so 1817 Wiener Zeitschrift für Kunst, ii (1817) xxiii/224 xii/1
WoO 149 Resignation 1817[24] Wiener Zeitschrift für Kunst, iii (1818) xxiii/246 xii/1
WoO 150 Abendlied unterm gestirnten Himmel[25] March 1820 Wiener Zeitschrift für Kunst, v (1817) xxiii/247 xii/1
Op. 128 Der Kuss Nov–Dec 1822 Mainz, 1825 xxiii/227 xii/1
WoO 151 Der edle Mensche sei hülfreich und gut Jan 1823 G. Lange: Musikgeschichtliches (Berlin, 1900) Baroness Cäcilie von Eskeles HS v


No. Title Composition, first performance Publication Dedication, remarks GA NA
WoO 152 Twenty-five Irish Songs
  1. The Return to Ulster
  2. Sweet power of song
  3. Once more I hail thee
  4. The morning air plays on my face
  5. The Massacre of Glenco
  6. What shall I do to shew how mush I love her?
  7. His boat comes on the sunny tide
  8. Come draw we rounnd a cheerful ring
  9. The Soldier's Dream
  10. The Deserter
  11. Thou emblem of faith
  12. English Bulls
  13. Musing on the roaring ocean
  14. Dermot and Shelah
  15. Let brain-spinning swains
  16. Hide not thy anguish
  17. In vain to this desert, due
  18. They bid me slight my Dermot dear
  19. Wife, Children and Friends
  20. Farewell bliss and farewell Nancy
  21. Morning a cruel turmoiler is
  22. From Garyone, my happy home
  23. A wand'ring gypsy, Sirs am I
  24. The Traugh Welcome
  25. Oh harp of Erin
1810–2; London and Edinburgh, 1814 xxiv/261
WoO 153 Twenty Irish songs
  1. When eve's last rays
  2. No riches from his scanty store
  3. The British Light Dragoons
  4. Since greybeards inform us
  5. I dream'd I lay where flow'rs were springing
  6. Sad and luckless was the season
  7. O soothe me, my lyre
  8. Norah of Balamagairy
  9. The kiss, dear maid, thy lip has left
  10. Oh! thou hapless soldier
  11. When far from the home
  12. I'll praise the Saints
  13. 'Tis sunshine at last
  14. Paddy O'Rafferty
  15. 'Tis but in vain
  16. O might I but my Patrick love
  17. Come, Darby dear
  18. No more, my Mary
  19. Judy, lovely, matchless creature
  20. Thy ship must sail
1810-5 London and Edinburgh, 1814 [nos. 1–4],
1816 [nos. 5–10]; GA
WoO 154 Twelve Irish songs
  1. The Elfin Fairies
  2. Oh harp of Erin
  3. The Farewell Song
  4. The pulse of an Irishman
  5. Oh! who, my dear Dermot
  6. Put round the bright wine
  7. From Garyone, my happy home
  8. Save me from the grave and wise
  9. Oh! would I were but that sweet linnet
  10. The hero may perish
  11. The Soldier in a Foreign Land
  12. He promisedd me at parting
1812–3 (London and Edinburgh, 1816
[without nos.2 and 7]); GA
WoO 155 Twenty-six Welsh songs
  1. Sion, the son of Evan
  2. The Monks of Bangor's March
  3. The Cottage Maid
  4. Love without Hope
  5. A golden robe my love shall wear
  6. The fair Maid of Mona
  7. Oh let the night my blushes hide
  8. Farewell, thou noisy town
  9. To the Aeolian Harp
  10. Ned Pugh's Farewell
  11. Merch Megan
  12. Waken lords and ladies gay
  13. Helpless Woman
  14. The Dream
  15. When mortals all to rest retire
  16. The Damsels of Cardigan
  17. The Dairy House
  18. Sweet Richard
  19. The Vale of Clwyd
  20. To the Blackbird
  21. Cupid's Kindness
  22. Constancy
  23. The Old Strain
  24. Three Hundred Pounds
  25. The Parting Kiss
  26. Good Night
1809 London and Edinburgh, 1817 xxiii/219 xi/1[6]
Op. 108 Twenty-five Scottish Songs
  1. Music, Love and Wine
  2. Sunset
  3. Oh! sweet were the hours
  4. The Maid of Isla
  5. The sweetest lad was Jamie
  6. Dim, dim is my eye
  7. Bonnie laddie, highland ladddie
  8. The lovely lass of Inverness
  9. Behond my love how green the groves
  10. Sympathy
  11. Oh! thou art the lad
  12. Oh, had my fate
  13. Come fill, fill, my good fellow
  14. O, how can I be blithe
  15. O cruel was my father
  16. Could this ill world
  17. O Mary, at thy window
  18. Enchantress, farewell
  19. O swiftly glides the bonny boat
  20. Faithfu' Johnie
  21. Jeannie's Distress
  22. The Highland Watch
  23. The Shepherd's Song
  24. Again my lyre
  25. Sally in our Alley
1815–8 London and Edinburgh, 1818 xxiv/257 xi/1[6]
WoO 156 Twelve Scottish songs
  1. The Banner of Buccleuch
  2. Duncan Gray
  3. Up! Quit thy bower
  4. Ye shepherds of this pleasant vale
  5. Cease your funning
  6. Highland Harry
  7. Polly Stewart
  8. Womankind
  9. Lochnagar
  10. Glencoe
  11. Auld lang syne
  12. The Quaker's Wife
1815–9 London and Edinburgh, 1822 [no.1],
1824–5 [nos.2–4, 8, 9, 12],
1839 [nos.5–6],
1841 [nos.7, 10, 11); GA
xxiv/260 xi/1[6]
WoO 157 Twelve songs of various nationality
  1. God Save the King
  2. The Soldier
  3. O Charlie is my darling
  4. O sanctissima
  5. The Miller of the Dee
  6. A health to the brave
  7. Since all thy vows, false maid
  8. By the side of the Shannon
  9. Highlander's Lament
  10. Sir Johnie Cope
  11. The wandering minstrel
  12. La gondoletta
1815–20 London and Edinburgh, 1816 [nos.2, 6, 8, 11],
1822 [no.3],
1824–5 [no.5],
1839 [no.1]); GA
xxiv/259 xi/1, xi/3[6]
WoO 158a Twenty-three songs of various nationality
  1. Ridder Stig tjener i Congens Gaard
  2. Horch auf, mein Liebchen
  3. Wegen meiner bleib d’Fräula
  4. Wann i in der Früh aufsteh
  5. I bin a Tyroler Bua
  6. A Madel, ja a Madel
  7. Wer solche Buema afipackt
  8. Ih mag di nit
  9. Oj upiłem sie w karczmie
  10. Poszła baba po popiół
  11. Yo no quiero embarcarme
  12. Seus lindos olhos
  13. Im Walde sind viele Mücklein geboren
  14. Ach Bächlein, Bächlein, kühle Wasser
  15. Unsere Mädchen gingen in den Wald
  16. Schöne Minka, ich muss scheiden
  17. Lilla Carl, sov sött i frid
  18. An ä Bergli bin i gesässe
  19. Una paloma blanca
  20. Como la mariposa
  21. La tiranna se embarca
  22. Édes kinos emlékezet
  23. Da brava
1816–7 Die Musik, ii (1902–3) [no.19], J. Schmidt-Görg:
Unbekannte Manuskripte zu Beethovens weltlicher
und geistlicher Gesangsmusik
(Bonn, 1928) [no.17],
complete (Leipzig, 1943)
HS xiv xi/3[6]
WoO 158b Seven British songs
  1. Adieu my lov'd harp
  2. Castle O'Neill
  3. Oh was not I a weary wight
  4. Red gleams the sun
  5. Erin! oh, ERin!
  6. O Mary ye's be clad in silk
  7. Lament for Owen Roe O'Neill
1813–7 HS xiv xi/1, xi/3[6]
WoO 158c Six songs of vaious nationality
  1. When my hero in court appears
  2. Non, non, Collette n'est point trompeuse
  3. Mark yonder pomp of costly fashion
  4. Bonnie wee thing
  5. From thee, Eliza, I must go
  6. Text unidentified
1817–20 HS xiv xi/1, xi/3[6]
Hess 168 Air français 1817 HS xiv xi/3
Hess 133–4 Two Austrian folksongs
  1. Das liebe Kätzchen
  2. Der Knabe auf dem Berge
1820 Niederrheinische Musikzeitung, xiii (1865) xi/3

Wind Band

No.Title, keyComposition, first performancePublicationDedication, remarksGANA
WoO 18March No. 1 for Military Band Yorckscher Marsch, F1809, rev. 1810pf red.: Prague, ?1809; s: Berlin, 1818–19Archduke Anton of Austria (on autograph)xxv/287/1; HS iv; HS Viii (pf)ii/4[6]
Trio to WoO 18, Bc1822HSHS ivii/4
WoO 19March No 2. for Military Band, F1810pf red.: Vienna, 1810Archduke Anton of Austria (on autograph)xxv/287/2; HS ivii/4[6]
Trio to WoO 19, fc1822HSHS ivii/4
WoO 21Polonaise for Military Band, D1810GAxxv/289ii/4[6]
WoO 22Ecossaise for Military Band, D1810GAxxv/290ii/4[6]
WoO 23Ecossaise for Military Band, Gc1810pf red. in Czerny's Musikalisches Pfennig-Magazin, i (Vienna, 1834)only a piano arrangement by Carl Czerny is extantxxv/306 (pf)ii/4[6]
WoO 24March for Military Band, D1816pf red.: Vienna, 1827ii/15ii/4[6]
WoO 20March for Military Band, Cc1810GAxxv/288; HS ivii/4[6]
Trio to WoO 20, Fc1822xxv/288ii/4

Collections of dances

No.TitleComposition, first performancePublicationDedication, remarksGANA
WoO 7Twelve Minuets for orchestra1795Vienna, 1795ii/16ii/3
WoO 8Twelve German Dances for orchestra1795Vienna, 1795ii/17ii/3
WoO 9Six minuets for two violins and double bass? before 1795Mainz, 1933authenticity not fully confirmedHS viii/3
WoO 10Six Minuets for piano1795Vienna, 1796orchestral version probably existedxviii/194
WoO 42Six German Dances for violin and piano1796Vienna, 1814xxv/308v/2
WoO 11Seven Ländler for piano1799Vienna, 1799xviii/198
WoO 13Twelve German Dances for orchestrac1792–7Vienna, Prague and Leipzig, 1929survives in piano version onlyHS viii
WoO 14Twelve Contredanses for orchestrac1791–1801[26]p: Vienna, 1802; s: GAii/17aii/3
WoO 15Six Ländler for two violins and double bass1802Vienna, 1802; s: GAxxv/291ii/3
WoO 83Six Ecossaises for pianoc1806Vienna, 1807; GAxxv/302
WoO 17Eleven "Mödlinger Tänze" for flutes, clarinets, horns, violins and double bass1819Leipzig, 1907probably spurious[27]HS vii

Canons and musical jokes

No.Title, key[28]Composition, first performancePublicationDedication, remarksGANA
WoO 159Im Arm der Liebe, Fc1795I. von Seyfried: Ludwig van Beethovens Studien im Generalbass (Vienna, 1832)Contrapuntal study for Albrechtsbergerxxiii/256/1xiii/1
WoO 160/1O Care selvec1795Seyfried (1832)Contrapuntal study for AlbrechtsbergerHS vxiii/1
WoO 160/2Canon, Cc1795Seyfried (1832)Contrapuntal study for AlbrechtsbergerHS vxiii/1
Canon1796–7J. Kerman, ed.: Ludwig van Beethoven: Autograph Miscellany from circa 1786 to 1799 (London, 1970)
Hess 276Herr Graf, ich komme zu fragen?1797HSHS v
WoO 100Schuppanzigh ist ein Lump1801Grove1for Ignaz SchuppanzighHS v
WoO 101Graf, Graf, Graf, Graf1802A.W. Thayer: Chronologisches Vezeichniss der Werke Ludwig van Beethoven (Berlin, 1865)for Nikolaus ZmeskallHS v
Hess 274Canon, G1803N. Fishman: Kniga ėskizov Bėtkhoven za 1802–1806 godï (Moscow, 1962) HS ix
Hess 229Languisco e moro1803Fishman (1962)HS xiv
Hess 275Canon, A1803HSHS
WoO 162Ta ta ta...lieber Mälzelspurious: apparently written by Anton Schindler[29]HS vii
WoO 161Ewig dein, C?c1811AMZ, new series, i (1863)xxiii/256/14
WoO 163Kurz ist der Schmerz, fNov 1813NZM, xi (1841),for Friedrich Nauexxiii/256/3a
WoO 199[29]Ich bin der Herr von zu, D1814for Archduke Rudolph
WoO 164Freundschaft ist die Quelle, CSept 1814GAxxv/285/2
WoO 165Glück zum neuen Jahr, EJan 1815Vienna, 1816for Baron von Pasqualatixxiii/256/16
WoO 166Kurz ist der Schmerz, FMarch 1815GAfor Louis Spohrxxiii/256/3b
WoO 167Brauchle, Linke, Cc1815Thayer, 1865for Johann Xaver Brauchle and Joseph LinkeHS v
WoO 168/1Lerne schweigen, fJan 1816Wiener allgemeine musikalische Zeitung, i (1816)for Charles Neatexxiii/256/5
WoO 168/2Rede, rede, FJan 1816GAfor Charles Neatexxiii/256/4
WoO 169Ich küsse Sie, CJan 1816Die Jahrenszeien, xii/3 (1853) for Anna Milder-HauptmannHS v
WoO 170Ars longa, vita brevis, CApril 1816L. Nohl: Neue Briefe Beethovens (Stuttgart, 1867)for Johann Nepomuk HummelHS v
WoO 171Glück fehl’ dir vor allem, G1817T. von Frimmel: Neue Beethoveniana (Vienna, 1888)for Anna Giannatasio del RioHS v
WoO 172Ich bitt' dich schrreib' mir die Es-Scala auf, E?c1818GAfor Vincenz Hauschkaxxiii/256/15
WoO 201[29]Ich bin bereit! Amen, C1818for Vincenz Hauschka
WoO 173Hol'euch der Teufel!, Bsum. 1819Thayer (1865)for Sigmund Anton SteinerHS v
WoO 174Glaube und hoffeSept 1819L. Nohl: Briefe Beethovens (Stuttgart 1865)for Maurice Schlesingerxxv/285/3
WoO 176Glück zum neuen Jahr!, FDec 1819GAfor Countess Erdödyxxiii/256/6
WoO 179Alles Gute! alles Schöne, CDec 1819Nohl (1865)for Archduke Rudolphxxiii/256/7
Hess 300Liebe mich, werter Weissenbach? Jan 1820J. Schmidt-Görg, ed.: Drei Skizzenbücher zur Missa Solemnis, i (Bonn, 1952)for Aloys Weissenbach
Hess 301Wähner ... es sei kein Wahn? Jan 1820J. Schmidt-Görg, ed.: Drei Skizzenbücher zur Missa Solemnis, i (Bonn, 1952)Friedrich Wähner
WoO 175Sankt Petrus war ein Fels; Bernardus war ein Sankt? Jan 1820Thayer (1865)for Carl Peters and Carl BernardHS v
WoO 180Hoffman, sei ja kein Hofmann, CMarch1820Caecilia, i (1825) xxiii/256/8
WoO 177Bester Magistrat, Ihr friert, Ec1820D. MacArdle and L. Misch: New Beethoven Letters (Norman, OK, 1957)HS v
WoO 178Signor Abate, B?c1820GAfor the Abbé Maximilian Stadlerxxiii/256/13
WoO 181/1Gedenket heute an Baden, Cc1820GAxxv/285/4
WoO 181/2Gehabt euch wohl, Cc1820Festschrift Arnold Scherings (Berlin, 1937)HS v
WoO 181/3Tugent ist kein leerer Namec1820HS v
WoO 182O Tobias, dSept 1821AMZ, new series, i (1863)for Tobias Haslingerxxiii/256/9
WoO 183Berster Herr Graf, Sie sind ein Schaf!, FFeb 1823Mf, vii (1954)for Count Moritz LichnowskyHS v
WoO 184Falstafferel, lass' dich sehen!, GApril 1823Die Musik, ii (1902–3)for SchuppanzighHS v
WoO 185Edel sei der Mensch, E? May 1823Wiener Zeitschrift für Kunst, viii (1823)for Louis Schlösserxxiii/256/10
Hess 263Te solo adoro?1824HSfor Carlos Evasio SolivaHS v
Hess 264Te solo adoro[30]?1824HSfor Carlos Evasio SolivaHS v
WoO 186Te solo adoroJune 1824GAfor Carlos Evasio Solivaxxv/285/1
WoO 187Schwenke dich ohne Schwänke!, FNov 1824Caecilia, i/7 (1825)for Carl Schwänkexxiii/256/11
WoO 188Gott ist eine fest Burg, BJan 1825F. Prelinger: Beethovens sämtliche Briefe, iv (Vienna, 1909)for Oberst von DüsterloheHS v
WoO 203Das Schöne zu dem Guten1825L. Rellstab: Garten und Wald, iv (Leipzig, 1854)for Ludwig RellstabHS v
WoO 189Doktor, sperrt das Tor dem Tod, CMay 1825Nohl (1865)for Anton BraunhoferHS v
WoO 190Ich war hier, Doktor, CJune 1825?HSfor Anton BraunhoferHS v
WoO 35Canon, AAug 1825Nohl (1867)for Otto de BoerHS vi
WoO 191Kühl, nicht lau, BSept 1825Seyfried (1832)for Friedrich Kuhlauxxiii/256/12
WoO 192Ars longa, vita brevis, FSept 1825Thayer (1865)for Sir George SmartHS v
WoO 194Si non per portas, per muros, FSept 1825Marx (1859), iifor Maurice Schlesingerxxiii/256/17
WoO 195Freu' dich des Lebens, CDec 1825GAfor Theodor Moltxxv/285/5
WoO 193Ars longa, vita brevis, C?c1825facsimile in auction catalogue no. 120 of Henrici (Berlin, 1927)HS v
Bester Magistrat?April 1826unpublished, appears in the sketchbook 'Autograph 24'
WoO 196Es muss sein, F?July 1826A.W. Thayer: Ludwig van Beethovens Leben, ed. H. Riemann, v (Leipzig, 1908)for "Hofkriegsagent" DembscherHS v
Hess 277Esel aller Esel?Sept 1826HSHS v
WoO 197Da ist das Werk, CSept 1826Zürich, 1949for HolzHS v
WoO 198Wir irren allesamtDec 1826Nohl (1865)for HolzHS v


No.Title, keyComposition, first performancePublicationDedication, remarksGANA
WoO 31Fugue for organ, D1783GAxxv/309
Various dances, kbd exercises, entered among sketches for larger works but probably not intended for publicationmostly 1790–8transcr. selectively in writings of G. Nottebohm: many pubd in Kerman, ed. (I(ii)1970)HS ix
Contrapuntal exercises prepared for Haydn and Albrechtsberger1793–5Nottebohm: Beethovens Studien (Leipzig, 1873), selective transcr.HS vi, xivxiii/1[6]
WoO 33/1Adagio for mechanical clock, F1799Die Musik, i (1902)HS viivi/1[6]
WoO 33/2Scherzo for mechanical clock, G1799–1800G. Becking Studien zu Betthovens Personalstil: das Scherzothema (Leipzig, 1921)HS viivi/1[6]
WoO 33/3Alegro for mechanical clock, G?c1799Ricordiana, iii (1957)HS viivi/1[6]
WoO 33/4Allegro for mechanical clock, C?1794Mainz, 1940HS viivi/1[6]
WoO 33/5Minuet for mechanical clock, C?1794Mainz, 1940HS viivi/1[6]
Hess 107Grenadiermarsch for mechanical clock,[31] F?c1798Beethoven-Almanach der Deutschen Musikbücherei auf das Jahr 1927 (Regensburg, 1927)Prince Joseph Johann zu SchwarzenbergHS viivi/1
WoO 99Exercises in Italian declamation prepared for Salieri1801–2Nottebohm (1873) [selective]; HS i [complete]HS ixiii/1
WoO 58Cadenzas to first movement and finale of Mozart's Piano Concerto No. 20 (K. 466), d?18091st movt: Wiener Zeitschrift für Kunst… (23 Jan 1836); finale: GA;written for Ferdinand Riesix/70a/11–12vii/7
WoO 200Theme for variations by the Archduke Rudolph, with text ‘O Hoffnung’1818Vienna, 1819
Various musical greetings, in letters and diaries

List of works by number

The following is a list of Beethoven's works, sorted by Opus number, followed by works listed as WoO in the Kinsky–Halm Catalogue, and then works listed in the appendix of that catalog, which are given "Anhang" numbers. These are followed by additional works with Hess numbers listed in the catalog of Willy Hess that are not otherwise listed in the Kinsky–Halm Catalogue. Lastly there is works with Biamonti numbers (Bia.), from the Biamonti Catalogue, an attempt to catalogue everything that Beethoven wrote in chronological order, though there are works that were not known at the time it was compiled. Thus there is no definitive catologue of Beethoven's works to match the Deutsch catalogue for Schubert or the Köchel catalogue for Mozart.

Works with opus numbers

The opus numbers were assigned by publishers to Beethoven's works as they were published. The opus numbers do not include all works that were published in Beethoven's lifetime nor are they in chronological order. For instance, the Octet Op. 103 was written before November 1792, while Op. 102 and Op. 104 were written in 1815 and 1817 respectively.

Works with WoO numbers

The numbers and categories used below are from the Kinsky–Halm Catalogue of 1955. WoO is an abbreviation of "Werke ohne Opuszahl", German for "Works without Opus number". While some of these works were published during Beethoven's lifetime but not given opus numbers, for instance the piano variations WoO 80, others like Für Elise WoO 59 were not published until later. Unlike with opus numbers which were assigned depending on when the works were published, WoO numbers were assigned by genre.

Instrumental works: WoO 1–86

Orchestral works

Orchestra alone

  • WoO 1: Musik zu einem Ritterballett (Music for a ballet on horseback) (1790–1)
  • WoO 2a: Triumphal March for orchestra for Christoph Kuffner's tragedy Tarpeja (1813)
  • WoO 2b: Introduction to Act II of Leonore (1813)
  • WoO 3: "Gratulations-Menuett", minuet for orchestra (1822)



  • WoO 7: Twelve minuets for orchestra (1795)
  • WoO 8: Twelve German Dances for orchestra (later arranged for piano) (1795)
  • WoO 9: Six minuets for two violins and double bass (before 1795)
  • WoO 10: Six minuets for orchestra (original version lost, only an arrangement for piano is extant) (1795)
  • WoO 11: Seven Ländler for two violins and cello (original version lost, only an arrangement for piano is extant) (1799)
  • WoO 12: Twelve minuets for orchestra (spurious, actually by Beethoven's brother Carl[33]) (1799)
  • WoO 13: Twelve German Dances for orchestra (only a version for piano is extant) (1792–7)
  • WoO 14: Twelve contredanses for orchestra (1791–1801)
  • WoO 15: Six Ländler for two violins and double bass (also arranged for piano) (1802)
  • WoO 16: Twelve Écossaises for orchestra (fraudulent[34])
  • WoO 17: Eleven "Mödlinger Tänze" for seven instruments (probably spurious) (1819)

Marches and dances for winds

  • WoO 18: March for Military Band "Für die Böhmische Landwehr" ["For the Bohemian Ward"] (1809)
  • WoO 19: March for Military Band "Pferdemusik" ["Horse-music"] (1810)
  • WoO 20: March for Military Band "Zapfenstreich" ["The Tattoo"] (1810)
  • WoO 21: Polonaise for Military Band (1810)
  • WoO 22: Écossaise for Military Band (1810)
  • WoO 23: Écossaise for Military Band (only a piano arrangement by Carl Czerny is extant) (1810)
  • WoO 24: March for Military Band (1816)
Chamber works

Without piano

  • WoO 25: Rondo for wind octet (Believed to be the original finale of the Octet, opus 103) (1792)
  • WoO 26: Duo for two flutes (1792)
  • WoO 27: Three duets for clarinet and bassoon (probably spurious)
  • WoO 28: Variations for two oboes and cor anglais on "Là ci darem la mano" from Mozart's opera Don Giovanni (1795)
  • WoO 29: March for Wind Sextet in B (1797–8)
  • WoO 30: Three Equale for four trombones; Vocal arrangements of these were performed at Beethoven's funeral (1812)
  • WoO 31: Fugue for organ (1783)
  • WoO 32: Duo for viola and cello, "mit zwei obligaten Augengläsern" ("with two obbligato eyeglasses") (1796–7)
  • WoO 33: Five pieces for mechanical clock or flute (1794–1800)
  • WoO 34: Duet for two violins (1822)
  • WoO 35: Canon for two violins (1825)

With piano

Piano works for 2 or 4 hands

Sonatas and single-movement works


  • WoO 63: Nine variations for piano on a march by Ernst Christoph Dressler (1782)
  • WoO 64: Six Variations on a Swiss song for piano or harp (1790–1792)
  • WoO 65: Twenty-four variations for piano on Vincenzo Righini's aria "Venni Amore" (1790–1791)
  • WoO 66: Thirteen variations for piano on the aria "Es war einmal ein alter Mann" from Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf's opera Das rote Käppchen (1792)
  • WoO 67: Eight variations for piano four hands on a theme by Count Waldstein (1792)
  • WoO 68: Twelve variations for piano on the "Menuet a la Vigano" from Jakob Haibel's ballet La nozza disturbate (1795)
  • WoO 69: Nine variations for piano on "Quant'e piu bello" from Giovanni Paisiello's opera La Molinara (1795)
  • WoO 70: Six variations for piano on "Nel cor più non mi sento" from Giovanni Paisiello's opera La Molinara (1795)
  • WoO 71: Twelve variations for piano on the Russian dance from Paul Wranitzky's ballet Das Waldmädchen (1796–7)
  • WoO 72: Eight variations for piano on "Une Fièvre Brûlante" from André Ernest Modeste Grétry's opera Richard Coeur-de-lion (1795)
  • WoO 73: Ten variations for piano on "La stessa, la stessissima" from Antonio Salieri's opera Falstaff (1799)
  • WoO 74: "Ich denke dein" – song with six variations for piano four hands (1799)
  • WoO 75: Seven variations for piano on "Kind, willst du ruhig schlafen" from Peter Winter's opera Das unterbrochene Opferfest (1799)
  • WoO 76: Eight variations for piano on "Tändeln und scherzen" from Franz Xaver Süssmayr's opera Soliman II (1799)
  • WoO 77: Six easy variations on an original theme for piano (1800)
  • WoO 78: Seven variations for piano on "God Save the King" (1802–3)
  • WoO 79: Five variations for piano on "Rule Britannia!" (1803)
  • WoO 80: Thirty-two variations on an original theme in C minor for piano (1806)


  • WoO 81: Allemande for piano in A major (1793)
  • WoO 82: Minuet for piano in E major (1803)
  • WoO 83: Six Écossaises for piano in E major (1806)
  • WoO 84: Waltz for piano in E major (1824)
  • WoO 85: Waltz for piano in D major (1825)
  • WoO 86: Écossaise for piano in E major (1825)

Vocal works: WoO 87–205

Cantatas, choruses and arias with orchestra

  • WoO 87: Cantata on the Death of Emperor Joseph II (1790)
  • WoO 88: Cantata on the Accession of Emperor Leopold II (1790)
  • WoO 89: Aria "Prüfung des Küssens" (1790–2)
  • WoO 90: Aria "Mit Mädeln sich vertragen" (1790–2)
  • WoO 91: Two arias for Die Schöne Schusterin (1795–6)
  • WoO 92: Aria "Primo Amore" (1790–2)
  • WoO 92a: Aria "No, non turbati" (1802)
  • WoO 93: Duet "Nei giorni tuoi felici" (1802)
  • WoO 94: "Germania," aria with chorus in B major (1814)
  • WoO 95: Chorus for the Congress of Vienna (1815)
  • WoO 96: Incidental Music to Leonore Prohaska (1815)
  • WoO 97: "Es ist vollbracht" for Die Ehrenpforten (1815)
  • WoO 98: "Wo sich die Pulse," chorus for The Consecration of the House

Works for multiple voices with piano accompaniment, or unaccompanied

  • WoO 99 – Polyphonic songs (Italian Part-songs)[35]
    • No. 1 Bei labbri che amore (Hess 211) (old no. 1)
    • No. 2 Ma tu tremi (Hess 212) (old no. 6)
    • No. 3 E pur fra le tempeste (Hess 232)
    • No. 4 Sei mio ben (Hess 231)
    • No. 5a Giura il nocchier (Hess 227) (old no. 5b)
    • No. 5b Giura il nocchier (Hess 230)
    • No. 5c Giura il nocchier (Hess 221) (old no. 5a)
    • No. 6 Ah rammenta
    • No. 7 Chi mai di questo core (Hess 214) (old no. 2)
    • No. 8 Scrivo in te (Hess 215) (old no. 11)
    • No. 9 Per te d'amico aprile (Hess 216) (old no. 9)
    • No. 10a Nei campi e nelle selve (Hess 217) (old no. 7a)
    • No. 10b Nei campi e nelle selve (Hess 220) (old no. 7b)
    • No. 11a Fra tutte le pene (Hess 208) (old no. 3a)
    • No. 11b Fra tutte le pene (Hess 225/209) (old no. 3b)
    • No. 11c Fra tutte le pene (Hess 224/210) (old no. 3c)
    • No. 12a Salvo tu vuoi lo sposo
    • No. 12b Salvo tu vuoi lo sposo (Hess 228)
    • No. 13a Quella cetra ah pur tu sei (Hess 218) (old no. 10b)
    • No. 13b Quella cetra ah pur tu sei (Hess 219) (old no. 10c)
    • No. 13c Quella cetra ah pur tu sei (Hess 213) (old no. 10a)
    • No. 14a Gia la notte savvicina (Hess 223) (old no. 4b)
    • No. 14b Gia la notte savvicina (Hess 222) (old no. 4a)
    • No. 15 Silvio amante disperato (lost) (Hess 226) (old no. 12)
  • WoO 100: Musical joke for three voices "Lob auf den Dicken"
  • WoO 101: Musical joke for three voices and chorus "Graf, Graf, liebster Graf"
  • WoO 102: Chorus for male voices "Abschiedsgesang"
  • WoO 103: Cantata Un lieto Brindisi
  • WoO 104: "Gesang der Mönche" from Schiller's Wilhelm Tell for three male voices
  • WoO 105: Song for solo voice, chorus and piano "Hochzeitslied"
  • WoO 106: Birthday Cantata for Prince Lobkowitz

Lieder and songs for solo voice and piano

  • WoO 107–151: Forty-five songs

Folksong arrangements for one or more voices, with piano trio accompaniment

  • WoO 152: Twenty-five Irish folksongs
  • WoO 153: Twenty Irish folksongs
  • WoO 154: Twelve Irish folksongs
  • WoO 155: Twenty-six Welsh folksongs
  • WoO 156: Twelve Scottish folksongs
  • WoO 157: Twelve folksongs of various nationalities
  • WoO 158a: Twenty-three continental folksongs
  • WoO 158b: Seven British folksongs
  • WoO 158c: Six assorted folksongs
  • WoO 158d: "Air Français"

Vocal canons

  • WoO 159–198: Forty-three Canons

Musical jokes, quips, and dedications

  • WoO 199: Musical joke "Ich bin der Herr von zu"
  • WoO 200: Piano Exercise "O Hoffnung!"
  • WoO 201: Musical joke "Ich bin bereit!"
  • WoO 202: Riddle canon "Das Schöne zu dem Guten" (first version)
  • WoO 203: Riddle canon "Das Schöne zu dem Guten" (second version)
  • WoO 204: Musical joke "Holz, Holz, Geigt die Quartette So"(Spurious, actually composed by Karl Holz[36])
  • WoO 205: Ten musical quips (Kinsky's word is "Notenscherze") from Beethoven's letters

Added works: WoO 206–228

The 2014 revision to the Kinsky catalogue, edited by Dorfmüller, Gertsch and Ronge, assigned WoO numbers to a number of works that appear in other listings.[36]

  • WoO 206: Oboe Concerto in F major (lost; only incipits and draft of 2nd movement extant) (Hess 12)
  • WoO 207: Romance cantabile for soloists and orchestra (Hess 13)
  • WoO 208: Wind Quintet in E (Hess 19)
  • WoO 209: Minuet in A for string quartet (Hess 33, piano version Hess 88)
  • WoO 210: Allegretto for string quartet in B minor (Pencarrow Quartet, Gardi 16)
  • WoO 211: Andante in C major (Biamonti 52)
  • WoO 212: Anglaise for piano in D major (Hess 61)
  • WoO 213a: Andante (bagatelle) in D major (Biamonti 283)
  • WoO 213b: Finale (bagatelle) in G major (Biamonti 282)
  • WoO 213c: Allegro (bagatelle) in A major (second part of the Allegro in A and A, Biamonti 284)
  • WoO 213d: Rondo (bagatelle) in A major (Biamonti 275)
  • WoO 214: Allegretto (bagatelle) in C minor (Hess 69)
  • WoO 215: Fugue in C major (Hess 64)
  • WoO 216a: Bagatelle in C major for piano (Hess 73)
  • WoO 216b: Bagatelle in E major (Hess 74)
  • WoO 217: Minuet in F major (Biamonti 66)
  • WoO 218: Minuet in C major (Biamonti 74)
  • WoO 219: Waltz or Ländler in C minor (Hess 68)
  • WoO 220: Kriegslied für die verbündeten Heere (lost) (Hess 123)
  • WoO 221: Canon, Herr Graf (Hess 276)
  • WoO 222: Canon in A major (Hess 275)
  • WoO 223: Thut auf (Biamonti 752)
  • WoO 224: Cacatum non est Pictum (Gardi 9)
  • WoO 225: Grossen Dank für solche Gnade (Hess 303)
  • WoO 226: Fettlümerl und Bankert haben triumphirt (Hess 260)
  • WoO 227: Musical joke "Esel aller Esel" (Hess 277)
  • WoO 228a: Musical joke "Ah, Tobias" (Gardi 14)
  • WoO 228b: Musical joke "Tobias" (Hess 285)

Works with Anhang (Anh.) and Unvollendete (Unv.) numbers

These are works from the Appendix (Anhang in German) of Kinsky's catalog that were attributed to Beethoven at the time the catalog was compiled, but might not have been written by him. The 2014 revision to the Kinsky catalogue, edited by Dorfmüller, Gertsch and Ronge also introduced the category of Unvollendete (unfinished works), for several works that had previously appeared in other listings[36]).

  • Anh. 1: Symphony in C major ("Jena Symphony") (Spurious, actually composed by Friedrich Witt[37])
  • Anh. 2: Six string quartets
  • Anh. 3: Piano trio in D major (Spurious; actually composed by Beethoven's brother Karl[36])
  • Anh. 4: Sonata for piano and flute in B major (not certain)
  • Anh. 5: Two piano sonatinas (probably spurious)
    1. Sonatina in G major
    2. Sonatina in F major
  • Anh. 6: Rondo for piano in B major (Spurious; actually composed by Beethoven's brother Karl[36])
  • Anh. 7: Piano concerto (Allegro) in D major (first movement) (probably doubtful)
  • Anh. 8: Three pieces for piano four-hands. Spurious actually composed by Leopold Anton Koželuch.[38]
  • Anh. 9: Nine German dances for piano four-hands (probably doubtful)
  • Anh. 10: Eight variations on the song "Ich hab'ein kleines Hüttchen nur" for piano in B major (doubtful)
  • Anh. 11: "Alexandermarsch" for Louis Duport ballet "Der blode Ritter" march for piano in F major (probably doubtful)
  • Anh. 12: "Pariser Einzugsmarsch" march for piano in C major. (Spurious, actually composed by Johann Heinrich Walch)
  • Anh. 13: Funeral march for piano in F minor. (Spurious, actually composed by Johann Heinrich Walch,[39] but still popularly called "Beethoven's Funeral March" in the UK; where it is famously played during the Remembrance Sunday service at the Cenotaph.[40]
  • Anh. 14: Six piano waltzes; (probably spurious)
  • Anh. 15: "Glaube, Liebe, und Hoffnung" waltz for piano in F major, most known as "Adieu to the piano" (probably doubtful[41])
  • Anh. 16: Four piano waltzes
    1. "Jubelwalzer" waltz for piano in C major (probably doubtful)
    2. "Gertruds Traumwalzer" waltz for piano in B major, most known as "Gertrude's Dream Waltz" (spurious, author unknown[42])
    3. "Sonnenscheinwalzer" waltz for piano in E major (probably doubtful)
    4. "Mondscheinwalzer" waltz for piano in A major (probably doubtful)
  • Anh. 17: "Introduction and Waltz (Klavierstück)" waltz for piano in F major (probably doubtful)
  • Anh. 18: "An Sie" or "Nachruf" song in A major (Voice and Piano or Guitar) (probably doubtful)
  • Unv. 1 Symphony in C minor = Hess 298
  • Unv. 2 Sketches for a symphony in C (parts of which were reused for Symphony #1) = Biamonti 73
  • Unv. 3 Symphony No. 10 = Biamonti 838
  • Unv. 4 Sketches for a BACH Overture = Biamonti 832
  • Unv. 5 Concertante in D = Gardi 3
  • Unv. 6 Piano Concerto #6 in D = Hess 15
  • Unv. 7 String Quintet movement in D minor = Hess 40
  • Unv. 8 Duo for Violin and Cello in E-flat = Gardi 2
  • Unv. 9 Allegretto in E-flat for Piano Trio = Hess 48
  • Unv. 10 Piano Trio in F minor = Biamonti 637
  • Unv. 11 Violin Sonata in A = Hess 46
  • Unv. 12 Fantasia/Piano Sonata in D = Biamonti 213
  • Unv. 13 Piano Sonata in E-flat (found at Fischhof 42v, previously uncatalogued)
  • Unv. 14 Variations for Piano in A (found at Fischhof 25v through 26v, previously uncatalogued)
  • Unv. 15 Opera, Vestas Feuer = Hess 115
  • Unv. 16 Opera, Macbeth = Biamonti 454 (Beethoven is believed to have intended to write the opera Macbeth; a performing version of possible sketches was assembled by Albert Willem Holsbergen between 1999–2001. The premiere performance of the Beethoven Macbeth Overture was by the National Symphony Orchestra on September 20–22, 2001, under the direction of Leonard Slatkin).[43]
  • Unv. 17 Cantata, Europens Befreiungsstunde = Hess 317
  • Unv. 18 Östreich über alles, Song for Chorus and Orchestra, Biamonti 477
  • Unv. 19 Cantata for voice and piano in B-flat, (found in Fischhof f.1v, Kafka f.100r and a.66 f.1r. previously uncatalogued)
  • Unv. 20 Lamentations of Jeremiah = Gardi 4
  • Unv. 21 Song, "Traute Henriette" = Hess 151
  • Unv. 22 Song, "Rastlose Liebe" = Hess 149
  • Unv. 23 Song, "Heidenröslein" = Hess 150

Works with Hess numbers

Works with Hess number

These works have numbers that were assigned by Willy Hess in his catalogue of Beethoven's works.[44] Many of the works in the Hess catalog also have WoO or Unv. numbers; those entries are not listed here.

  • Hess 1: Original ending to first movement of Symphony No. 8 (1812)
  • Hess 3: Twelve Ecossaise for piano or orchestra
  • Hess 11: Romance No. 3 for violin & orchestra (1816)
  • Hess 14: Fragment of original version of Piano Concerto No. 2 (1794–5)
  • Hess 16: Original introduction to the Choral Fantasy (1808)
  • Hess 25: String Trio (1793)
  • Hess 28: Movement in A major for string trio (1797)
  • Hess 29–31: Preludes and Fugues for Albrechtsberger (1794–5)
  • Hess 32: String Quartet in F major (1799)
  • Hess 34: String Quartet arrangement of Opus 14 No. 1 (1801–02)
  • Hess 35: Bach fugue arranged for string quartet (fragment) (1817)
  • Hess 36: Handel fugue arranged for string quartet (1798)
  • Hess 37: Mozart fugue arranged for piano four hands
  • Hess 38: Bach fugue arranged for string quartet (1801–2)
  • Hess 39: String Quintet in F major (lost)
  • Hess 40: Prelude for String Quintet (incomplete) (1817)
  • Hess 44: Adagio ma non troppo for mandolin & harpsichord in E major
  • Hess 46: Violin Sonata in A major (fragment) (c.1790)
  • Hess 47: Allegro con brio in E major for piano trio
  • Hess 49: Piano Trio in E major (1786)
  • Hess 50: Piano Trio in B major (1786)
  • Hess 52: Piano Sonata in C major
  • Hess 54: Piano variations on Freudvoll und Liedvoll
  • Hess 57: Bagatelle in C major (1824)
  • Hess 58: Piano Exercise in B major (1800)
  • Hess 59: Piano Exercise in C (1792–1800)
  • Hess 60: Draft in A for Piano (1793)
  • Hess 63: Arrangement of Christian Friedrich Daniel Schubart's "Kaplied" for piano (1789)
  • Hess 65: Concerto excerpt (arrangement of Opus 37) (1820–1)
  • Hess 66: Allegretto in C minor (1796–7)
  • Hess 67: Two German dances for piano (1811)
  • Hess 69: Allegretto for piano in C minor (1794)
  • Hess 70: Adagio for piano in G major (1803–4)
  • Hess 71: Molto adagio for piano in G major (1803–4)
  • Hess 72: Variations for piano in A major (1803)
  • Hess 76–83: Cadenzas for Piano
  • Hess 84: Rondo for piano
  • Hess 85: Piano cadenza for Op. 61a
  • Hess 87: Grenadiermarsch for piano (arrangement of WoO 29) (1797–8)
  • Hess 88: Minuet for piano (arrangement of WoO 208) (1790–2)
  • Hess 89: Ritterballet for piano (arrangement of WoO 1) (1791)
  • Hess 90: The Creatures of Prometheus for piano (arrangement of Op. 43) (1801)
  • Hess 91–5: Five Songs
  • Hess 96: Fragment of Symphony No. 7 for piano (1813)
  • Hess 97: Wellington's Victory for two pianos and two cannons (arrangement of Op. 91) (1816)
  • Hess 98: Scherzo for piano (1794–9)
  • Hess 99: Yorckscher Marsch (piano arrangement of WoO 18) (1809–10)
  • Hess 100: Twelve German dances (piano arrangement of WoO 8) (1795)
  • Hess 101: Twelve Minuets (piano arrangement of WoO 7) (1795)
  • Hess 102: Nine contredanses (piano arrangement of WoO 14) (1791–1801)
  • Hess 107: Grenadiermarsch (musical clock arrangement of WoO 29) (1798)
  • Hess 108: Wellington's Victory (panharmonicon arrangement of Opus 91) (1813)
  • Hess 110–114: Parts from 'Leonore
  • Hess 116: Fragment for Solo Voice(s): "Ritterblatt"
  • Hess 118: Music for The Consecration of the House (from Opus 113) (1822)
  • Hess 121–2: Arias from Leonore
  • Hess 123–47: Songs
  • Hess 152–207: Folksong settings
  • Hess 208–232: Italian partsongs
  • Hess 233–246: Counterpoint exercises
  • Hess 254: Canon in G major: "Hol dich der Teufel" (1801)
  • Hess 263–4: Two canons
  • Hess 274: Canons in G major (1803)
  • Hess 296: Little Cadenza for Instrument(s) (1822)
  • Hess 297: Adagio for three horns (1815)
  • Hess 299–305: Sketches for canons
  • Hess 306–9: Four canons
  • Hess 310: Prelude in C for Organ
  • Hess 311–2: Two canons
  • Hess 313: Song: "Te solo adoro" (1824)
  • Hess 314: Funeral Cantata (1781)
  • Hess 315: Fugue
  • Hess 316: Quintet (1793)
  • Hess 318–9: String Quintets
  • Hess 320: Andante for String Quartet in G major (1815)
  • Hess 321–4: Melodies
  • Hess 325: Piece for piano in D major (1802)
  • Hess 326: Fugue for piano in C major (1800–1)
  • Hess 327: Two little melodies (1803)
  • Hess 329–30: Sketches
  • Hess 331: Minuet for piano in B major
  • Hess 332: Pastorella for String Quartet in D major (1799)
  • Hess 333: Minuet-Scherzo for String Quartet in A major (1799)
  • Hess 334: Draft for String Quartet in A major (1799)
  • Hess 335: Two exercises on the song "Gedenke Mein"

Works with Hess Anhang (Anh.) numbers

These are works included in the appendix of Hess's catalogue that might not be genuine works by Beethoven[45]

  • Anh. 3: Marches zur großen Wachtparade (not certain)
  • Anh. 4: Marsch in geschwinden tempo (not certain)
  • Anh. 5: Twelve waltzes for 2 Violins and Bass, with 2 Flutes and 2 Horns ad libitum (not certain) (1807)
  • Anh. 8: Quintet for Flute, Violin, 2 Violas, and Cello (not certain)
  • Anh. 9: Sonata for Violins and Cello (not certain)
  • Anh. 10: Andante favori for string quartet (arrangement of WoO 57) (not certain)
  • Anh. 17: Adagio and Andante for violin and piano (not certain)
  • Anh. 21: Bagatelle "An Laura" for piano (arrangement of WoO 112) (doubtful)
  • Anh. 22: Funeral March in C Minor (not certain)
  • Anh. 38–56: Songs (not certain)
  • Anh. 57: Fugue "Dona nobis pacem" (now thought genuine) (1795)
  • Anh. 58: Bundeslied (not certain)
  • Anh. 59: Folksong "As I was wandering" (not certain)
  • Anh. 60: Canon in C major (probably spurious)
  • Anh. 61–2: Canons (spurious)
  • Anh. 63–4: Canons (not certain)
  • Anh. 65: Cantata "Karfreitagskantate" (not certain)
  • Anh. 66: Two fragments for chorus (not certain)

Works with Biamonti numbers

The Italian musicologist Giovanni Biamonti compiled a chronological catalogue Beethoven's entire output known at the time, including sketches and fragments. While most of these works were already included in other catalogues, there were some that had been missed by earlier compilers.[46] This list does not include works with opus, WoO or Hess numbers, nor does it include sketches.

  • Bia 15: Song "Der Arme Componist" (1788–91)
  • Bia 16: Cello part to the Lost Cadenza for Leopold Cantata WoO 88
  • Bia 43: Song "Meine Mutter fragt mich immer: trinkst du?"
  • Bia 48: Anglaise for piano for G minor (1792)
  • Bia 238: Presto in F major (1800)
  • Bia 249: Minuet for orchestra in D major (1800)
  • Bia 252: Minuet for orchestra in D major (1800)
  • Bia 269: Andante molto for piano in E major
  • Bia 272: Andante for piano in B major (1793)
  • Bia 274: Andante for String Quartet in C major (1793)
  • Bia 277: Presto for piano in G major (1793)
  • Bia 279: Allegro for piano in C major (1793)
  • Bia 291: Andante, for a symphony (1801)
  • Bia 292: March with variations (1801)
  • Bia 319: Finale for piano (1802)
  • Bia 322: Piece for piano in C minor (1802)
  • Bia 323: Piece for piano (1802)
  • Bia 346: Fuga Antique for piano in C major (1803)
  • Bia 347: Passage for piano through all the keys (1803)
  • Bia 359: Rondo for "all the instruments" (1803)
  • Bia 380: Song "Zur Erde sank die Ruh’ vom Himmel Nieder" (1803)
  • Bia 383: Exercise for piano
  • Bia 389: Piece viola, cello, horn & double bass (1803)
  • Bia 392: Rondo for piano (1803)
  • Bia 447: Passage for piano (1808)
  • Bia 547: Symphony No. 8 with the original ending of Hess 1 (1812)
  • Bia 606: Andante for pizzicati basses with clarinets in B minor (1815)
  • Bia 621: Allemande for piano (1815)
  • Bia 622: Pastorella for piano in C major (1815)
  • Bia 624: Etude, study of prosody on a text of Homer (1815)
  • Bia 632: Song "Die Zufrieddenheit" (1815)
  • Bia 634: German dance for piano trio in F minor (1815)
  • Bia 638: Exercise for piano (1815)
  • Bia 797: Adagio for String Quartet in E major (1824)
  • Bia 811: Canon in C minor (1825)
  • Bia 849: Draft for piano (last notes written by Beethoven) (1827)

There were alo several projected works by Beethoven, including the operas Alessandro, Memnons Dreiklang, and Bradamante; an oratorio on a text by Meissner, an oratorio "Die Befrieung Jerusalems", and an oratorio "Die Sündflut" with text by Hammer-Purgstall.[47]

See also



  1. "Works". Beethoven-Haus Bonn. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  2. "Program Music". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  3. "On Beethoven's Birthday, The Three Periods". Classical MPR. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  4. "How music is catalogued". Interlude. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  5. "Complete edition of Beethoven's works". Beethoven-Haus. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  6. "Complete Editions: Ludwig van Beethoven". G. Henle Verlag. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  7. Unless stated otherwise all information comes from the New Grove Music Dictionary article on Beethoven Johnson, Douglas; Burnham, Scott G.; Drabkin, William; Kerman, Joseph; Tyson, Alan. "Ludwig van Beethoven-Works". Grove Music Dictionary. oxfordmusiconline. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  8. 1st private performance at Lobkowitz palace, summer 1804,
  9. preliminary sketches, 1804
  10. "Beethoven: The Immortal". Archived from the original on 3 February 2009. Retrieved 20 November 2008.
  11. with op.133 as finale; new finale composed 1826
  12. "According to footnote 3 of Series VI, Volume 5, of the New Compete Edition, Hess 33 (=WoO 211) appears in the Anhang (Appendix) to the Kritischer Bericht (Critical Report) for Volume 4"
  13. String Quintet (viola) in C major, Op. 29, Der Sturm,
  14. 24 Variations on 'Venni Amore' by Vincenzio Righini, WoO 65: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP)
  15. Howard Ferguson's 1986 edition of the Bagatelles for the Associated Board of the Royal Schools of Music includes six of the piano pieces without opus numbers as they are "very similar in character to Bagatelles, though lacking that specific title". Other sources vary in whether they describe individual pieces as bagatelles or by their tempo markings.
  16. nos.2 and 4 sketched 1794–5; others also sketched before 1820
  17. variations nos.1, 2, 5, 6 written in 1799, nos.3–4 in 1803
  18. private edition of full score, Leipzig, 1908–10
  19. orig. intended for Rudolph’s installation as archbishop, 9 March 1820
  20. no.3 sketched 1798
  21. The author of the text
  22. No. 3 sketched c1792–3
  23. "The first true song cycle in the history of music."(Lühning 1997)
  24. earlier sketches from 1814
  25. "The final contribution to the medium before writing the song of the songs, that symbiosis of vocal and instrumental music that forms the final movement of the Ninth Symphony."(Lühning 1997)
  26. nos.3, 4, 6 written in 1795; nos.2, 9, 10 in late 1801; others before 1802
  27. reported by Schindler; pts found by H. Riemann in 1905 were assumed to be same work
  28. Keys come from Allmusic page on Beethoven compositions "Beethoven-Compositions". Allmusic. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  29. "Beethoven's music without Opus number - WoO". lvbeethoven. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  30. Beethoven produced 3 different versions of Te solo adore
  31. consists of march by Haydn, transition section by Beethoven and transcription of WOO29
  32. Confusingly, this trio (and its various string trio arrangements) has also at times been numbered Op. 29, 55 and 55 bis: q.v. MacArdle, Donald W. (1946). "A Check-List of Beethoven's Chamber Music. II". Music & Letters. 27 (2): 83–101. doi:10.1093/ml/27.2.83. JSTOR 727436. This work originally had the opus number 29; Cover of Beethoven "Op. 55" string trio; Buck, Percy Carter; Mee, John Henry; Woods, F. Cunningham (Francis Cunningham) (1894). "Ten years of university music in Oxford, being a brief record of the proceedings of the Oxford university musical union during the year 1884-1894". Oxford : W.R. Bowden. pp. 49, 109, 180, 198. Retrieved 1 October 2019. Trio for two Violins and Viola in C major, Op. 55 (bis) Beethoven; and "Trio in C major, Op.87 (Beethoven, Ludwig van)". Retrieved 1 October 2019. Grand Trio (d'après Op. 87) pour deux Violons et Viola par L. van Beethoven. Op. 55 bis
  33. "Minuet for Orchestra, WoO 12 nr.1 in C (mp3)". Unheard Beethoven. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
  34. "Twelve Ecossaises, WoO 16 (mp3)". Unheard Beethoven. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
  35. . The 2014 revision to the Kinsky catalogue rearranged the numbering of the Italian Part-Songs of WoO 99 and added a number of songs. This listing reflects the new numbering, with the old numbers shown where applicable.
  36. "The New Kinsky-Halm Catalogue". The Unheard Beethoven. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  37. "Beethoven's music without Opus number - WoO Anghang". lvbeethoven. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
  38. "Gavotte in F for Piano Four Hands, Anhang 8 nr. 1 (6.91 MB)". The Unheard Beethoven.
  39. "Tunes played during gun carriage procession". The Straights Times.
  40. Derrick, David. "Funeral march". davidderick.wordpress.
  41. "Adieu to the Piano, Anh. 15 (mp3)". Unheard Beethoven.
  42. "Gertrude's Dream, waltz for piano, Anhang 16, nr. 2 (mp3)". Unheard Beethoven.
  43. "Beethoven's 'Macbeth' Bubbles to the Surface". New York Times. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  44. "Beethoven's music - The Hess catalogue". lvbeethoven. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  45. "Beethoven's music - The Hess catalogue: Anhang". lvbeethoven. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  46. Orlandi, Armando. "Beethoven Works - The Biamonti catalogue". lvbeethoven. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  47. "Beethoven's music - The Biamonti catalogue: Appendices". lvbeethoven. Retrieved 26 May 2019.


Catalogues and bibliographies

  • Biamonti, Giovanni. Catologo cronologo e tematico delle opere di Beethoven. Torino: ILTE, 1968. OCLC 2028666
    Encompasses works with and without opus numbers, as well as sketches and fragments, in 849 chronologically arranged entries.
  • Bruers, Antonio. Beethoven: Catalogo Storico-Critico di Tutte le Opere. Rome: G. Bardi, 1951. OCLC 11664816
  • Dorfmüller, Kurt (ed). Beiträge zur Beethoven-Bibliographie: Studien und Materialen zum Werkverzeichnis von Kinsky-Halm. München: G. Henle, 1978 ISBN 3873280280
  • Dorfmüller, Kurt, Gertsch, Norbert and Ronge, Julia. Ludwig van Beethoven Thematisch-bibliographisches Werkverzeichnis. München: G. Henle, 2014. ISBN 9783873281530.
    Revised and expanded edition of the catalogue of works by Kinsky and Halm.
  • Green, James (ed. and trans). The New Hess Catalog of Beethoven's Works. West Newbury, Vermont: Vance Brook, 2003. ISBN 0-9640570-3-4.
    An English translation of Willy Hess' important 1957 catalogue and study, updated to reflect more recent scholarship.
  • Haas, Wilhelm. Systematische Ordnung Beethovenscher Melodien. Leipzig: Quelle & Meyer, 1932. OCLC 1068493434
  • Hess, Willy. Verzeichnis der nicht in der Gesamtausgabe veröffentlichen Werke Ludwig van Beethovens. Wiesbaden: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1957. OCLC 18406510
    Hess' original study and catalogue; still more widely available in libraries than Green's edition.
  • Johnson, Douglas, Tyson, Alan and Winter, Robert. The Beethoven Sketchbooks: History, Reconstruction, Inventory. Berkeley : University of California Press, 1985. ISBN 0520048350
  • Johnson, Douglas and Burnham, Scott G. "Beethoven, Ludwig Van (Works)", Grove Music Online ed. L. Macy (Subscription access). Accessed 19 April 2007.
    Includes categorized works list with bibliographical and other information.
  • Kastner, Emerich and Frimmel, Theodor von. Bibliotheca Beethoveniana. Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1925. ISBN 3500209106
  • Kinsky, Georg and Halm, Hanss. Das Werk Beethovens: thematisch-bibliographisches Verzeichnis seiner sämtlichen vollendeten Kompositionen. München: G. Henle, 1955. OCLC 334667
    The standard thematic and bibliographical catalogue of Beethoven's works.
  • Nottebohm, Gustav. Thematisches Verzeichnis der im Druck erschienenen Werke von Ludwig van Beethoven. Leipzig, Breitkopf & Härtel, 1925 OCLC 4763103. Reprinted Wiesbaden: M. Sändig, 1969 OCLC 1828776.
    Historically important thematic catalogue, by a pioneering 19th Century Beethoven scholar.
  • Schürmann, Kurt E. Ludwig van Beethoven: alle vertonten und musikalisch bearbeiteten Texte. Münster : Aschendorff, 1980. ISBN 3402056976
  • Solomon, Maynard. Beethoven (1st edition). New York: Schirmer, 1977. ISBN 0-02-872460-7. pp. 372, 386–391.
    Popular biographical study; includes bibliographical notes and (incomplete) works lists.
  • Thayer, Alexander Wheelock. Chronologisches Verzeichniss der Werke Ludwig van Beethovens. Berlin: Ferdinand Schneider, 1865. ISBN 0554927039
  • Tyson, Alan. The Authentic English Editions of Beethoven. London: Faber & Faber, 1963. OCLC 266412

Works collections (scores)

  • Ludwig van Beethovens Werke: Vollständige kritisch durchgesehene überall berechtigte Ausgabe. Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel,
    vols ixxiv, 186265; vol xxv (supplement), 1888. OCLC 24931728
    Original critical "complete works" edition, commonly known as the Beethoven Gesamtausgabe.
  • Beethoven: Sämtliche Werke: Supplemente zur Gesamtausgabe, ed. W. Hess. Wiesbaden: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1959. OCLC 13654118
    Hess's supplement to the 19th century Breitkopf edition.
  • Beethovens Werke: neue Ausgabe sämtlicher Werke, ed. Joseph Schmidt-Görg, Martin Staehelin, et al. München: G. Henle, 1961  (current). OCLC 13654118
    -New critical edition, "herausgaben vom Beethoven-Archiv, Bonn"; 56 volumes in 13 categories, 36 volumes released as of January 2009.


  • Cooper, Barry (ed). Beethoven Compendium: a Guide to Beethoven’s Life and Music. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1991. ISBN 0500278717
  • Cooper, Barry. The Creation of Beethoven's 35 Piano Sonatas. Oxford: Routledge, 2017. ISBN 978-1-4724-1431-1
  • Lühning, Helga (1997). "Beethoven as a Lieder composer". Beethoven Complete Recording (Media notes). Deutsche Grammophon.
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