List of colonial and departmental heads of French Guiana

French ancien regime

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Term Incumbent Notes
French Suzerainty
French colony
1643 to 1644Charles Poncet de Brétigny, Governor
c.1652Huet de Navarre, Commander
Dutch Occupation
c.1656 to 1664Guerin Spranger, Commander
c.1660Jan Claessen Lagedijk or Jan Classen Langedijk, Governor
French Suzerainty
15 May 1664 to 1665Antoine Lefèbvre de La Barre, Governor1st time
1665Antoine de Noël de la Trompe d'Or, Acting Governor
1665 to 1668Cyprien Lefebvre de Lézy, Governor1st time
1668 to 1670Antoine Lefèbvre de La Barre, Governor2nd time
1670 to 1676Cyprien Lefebvre de Lézy, Governor2nd time
Dutch Occupation
5 May 1676 to December 1676Jacob Binckes, Commander
French Suzerainty
1676 to 1679Cyprien Lefebvre de Lézy, Governor3rd time
1679 to October 1684Pierre-Eléonore de La Ville, marquis de Férolles, Governor1st time
1684 to 1687Pierre de Sainte-Marthe de Lalande, Governor
1687 to 1688Pierre-Eléonore de La Ville, marquis de Férolles, Governor2nd time
1688 to 1691François Lefebvre de la Barre, Governor
1691 to January 1700Pierre-Eléonore de La Ville, marquis de Férolles, Governor3rd time
1700 to 1701Rémy Guillouet d'Orvilliers, Governor1st time
1701 to 5 August 1705Pierre-Eléonore de La Ville, marquis de Férolles, Governor4th time
1705 to 15 September 1706Antoine de Querci de Rionville, Governor
1706 to July 1713Rémy Guillouet d'Orvilliers, Governor2nd time
1713Chevalier de Béthune, Governor
1713 to September 1716Pierre de Morthon de Laumière de Grandville, interim Governor
1716 to December 1720Claude Guillouet d'Orvilliers, Governor1st time
1720 to 1722François de la Motte-Aigron, Governor
1722 to September 1729Claude Guillouet d'Orvilliers, Governor2nd time
1729 to June 1730Michel Marshalek de Charanville, Governor
1730 to 2 August 1730Gilbert Guillouet d'Orvilliers, Governor1st time
1730 to 30 August 1736Henri Dussault de Lamirande, Governor
1736 to December 1736Henri de Poilvillain, baron de Grenay, Governor
1736 to 9 July 1738Gilbert Guillouet d'Orvilliers, Governor2nd time
9 July 1738 to June 1743Antoine Le Moyne de Chateauguay, Governor
1743 to June 1751Gilbert Guillouet d'Orvilliers, Governor3rd time
1751 to May 1752Jean Baptiste Hyacinthe de Saint-Michel Dunezat, Governor1st time
1752 to July 1753Gilbert Guillouet d'Orvilliers, Governor4th time
1753 to April 1757Jean Baptiste Hyacinthe de Saint-Michel Dunezat, Governor2nd time
1757 to May 1763Gilbert Guillouet d'Orvilliers, Governor5th time
1763 to 2 January 1764Jean Pierre Antoine de Béhague, Governor1st time
1764 to 22 December 1764Louis-Thomas Jacau de Fiedmont, Governor1st time
22 December 1764 to April 1765Brule Tout de Préfontaine, acting Governor
April 1765 to 1765Étienne-François Turgot, Governor
1765 to 28 January 1766Jean Pierre Antoine de Béhague, Governor2nd time
1766 to 15 December 1781Louis-Thomas Jacau de Fiedmont, Governor2nd time
1781 to 13 July 1785Alexandre Ferdinand, baron de Bessner, Governor
1785 to 16 August 1785Louis de La Vallière, interim Governor
1785 to 17 May 1787Thomas de FitzMaurice, Governor
May 1787 to 22 October 1788Pierre François de Mareuilh de Villeboi, Governor
1788 to 19 June 1789Charles Guillaume Vial d'Alais, Governor
1789 to 5 January 1791Jacques Martin de Bourgon, Governor

French First Republic and Empire

Term Incumbent Notes
1791 to 26 September 1792Henri Benoît, acting Governor
1792 to May 1793Frédéric Joseph Guillot, Civil Commissioner
1793 to November 1794Nicolas Georges Jeannet-Oudin, Civil Commissioner1st time
November 1794 to April 1796François Maurice Cointet de Fillain, Commissioner
April 1796 to 25 October 1797Nicolas Georges Jeannet-Oudin, Agent Particulier2nd time
French département
25 October 1797 to 5 November 1798Nicolas Georges Jeannet-Oudin, Agent Particulier2nd time
November 1798 to 2 December 1799Étienne Laurent Pierre Burnel, Agent Particulier
13 December 1799 to 8 January 1800Étienne Franconie, President of the Departmental Administration
8 January 1800 to 1801Jean Baptiste Victor Hugues, Agent
French colony
1801 to 1804Jean Baptiste Victor Hugues, Agent
1804 to 12 January 1809Jean Baptiste Victor Hugues, Imperial Commissioner
Portuguese Occupation
12 January 1809 to October 1809Manuel Marques, Governor
October 1809 to February 1812Pedro Alexandrino Pinto de Sousa, Governor
February 1812 to 8 November 1817João Severiano Maciel da Costa, Governor

Bourbon Restoration and July Monarchy

Term Incumbent Notes
1817 to 25 July 1819Jean-François Claude Carra de Saint-Cyr, Commandant
25 July 1819 to 12 March 1823Pierre Clément de Laussat, Commandant
1823 to 1825Pierre Bernard, baron de Milius, Commandant
1825 to 1826Charles Emmanuel de Muyssard, interim Commandant
1826 to 1827Joseph Burgues de Missiessy, interim Governor
1827 to 1829Louis Henri de Saulses de Freycinet, Governor
1 June 1829 to 11 April 1836Louis Jean-Guillaume Jubelin, Governor
1836 to 1837François Dominique Laurens de Choisy, Governor
1837 to 1839Paul de Nourquer du Camper, Governor
1839 to 1841Jean Baptiste Marie Augustin Gourbeyre, Governor
1841 to 1843Guillaume Basile Charmasson de Puylaval, Governor
1843 to 1845Marie Jean-François Layrle, Governor
1845 to 1846Jean Baptiste Armand Bertrand Cadéot, Governor
18 February 1846 to 16 May 1850André Aimé Pariset, Governor

Second Republic and Empire

Term Incumbent Notes
1850 to 6 January 1851Louis Eugène Maissin, Governor
1851Jean François Marie Félix Stanislas Vidal de Lingendes, acting Governor
May 1851 to May 1852Octave Pierre Antoine Henri de Chabannes-Curton, Governor
1852 to 1853Joseph Napoléon Sarda-Garriga, Governor
1853 to 1854Martin Fourichon, Governor
1854 to 1855Louis Adolphe Bonard, Governor
1855 to January 1856Antoine Alphonse Masset, acting Governor
January 1856 to 1859Auguste Laurent François Baudin, Governor
15 May 1859 to 1 May 1864Louis-Marie-François Tardy de Montravel, Governor
1864 to 1865Antoine Favre, acting Governor
1865 to 1870Privat Antoine Agathon Hennique, Governor
1870J.A.A. Noyer, acting Governor

Third Republic

Term Incumbent Notes
30 April 1870 to 14 May 1871Jean-Louis Loubère, acting Governor
14 May 1871 to 29 September 1877Jean-Louis Loubère, Governor
1877A.E. Bouet, acting Governor
1877 to 1880Marie Alfred-Armand Huart, Governor
1880P.A. Trève, acting Governor
1880 to 1883Charles Alexandre Lacouture, Governor
1883 to 1884Henri Isidore Chessé, Governor
1884 to 1885Jean Baptiste Antoine Lougnon, acting Governor
1885 to 1887Léonce Pierre Henri Le Cardinal, Governor
1888 to 1891Anne Léodor Philotée Metellus Gerville-Réache, Governor
April 1891 to 1893Louis Albert Grodet, Governor1st time
1893Paul Émile Joseph Casimir Fawtier, Governor
24 April 1893 to 4 August 1895Camille Charvein, Governor
30 August 1895 to 13 June 1896Henri Félix de Lamothe, Governor
1896 to 1898Henri Eloi Danel, Governor
1898 to 1899Henri Charles Victor Amédée Roberdeau, Governor
1899Louis Mouttet, Governor
1899 to 1903Émile Joseph Merwart, Governor
1903 to 1905Louis Albert Grodet, Governor2nd time
1905Charles Emmanuel Joseph Marchal, Governor
1905 to 1906Victor François Ferdinand Rey, Governor
1906Louis Alphonse Bonhoure, Governor
20 January 1906 to 5 July 1907Édouard Picanon, Governor
1907 to 1909François Pierre Rodier, Governor
1909 to 1910William Maurice Fawtier, Governor
1910Fernand Ernest Thérond, Governor
1910 to 31 May 1911Paul Samary, Governor
1911Denis Joseph Goujon, Governor
1911 to 1914Pierre Jean Henri Didelot, Governor1st time
1914 to 1916Fernand Ernest Lévecque, Governor
1916Pierre Jean Henri Didelot, Governor2nd time
1916 to 1917Georges Lévy, Governor
1917Jules Gérard Auguste Lauret, Governor
1917 to 1918Antoine Joseph Xavier Barre, Governor
1918 to 1923Henri Alphonse Joseph Lejeune, Governor
1923Julien Edgard Cantau, Governor
20 November 1923 to 1926Marc Émile Charles Jean Chanel, Governor
1926 to 1927Gabriel Henri Joseph Thaly, Governor
1927François Adrien Juvanon, Governor
1927 to 1928Émile Buhot-Launay, Governor
1928 to 1929Camille Théodore Raoul Maillet, Governor
1929 to 6 July 1930Bernard Jacques Victorin Siadous, Governor
French Guiana divided into two territories: French Guiana (Cayenne and the Atlantic coast) and Inini (inland area)
6 July 1930 to 1931Bernard Jacques Victorin Siadous, Governor
27 May 1931 to 1933Louis Joseph Bouge, acting Governor
1933 to 1935Julien Georges Lamy, Governor
2 June 1935 to 1936Max de Masson de Saint-Félix, Governor
1936Pierre Tap, Governor
1936 to 1938René Veber, Governor1st time
1938 to 1942Robert Paul Chot-Plassot, Governor
1942 to 18 March 1943René Veber, Governor2nd time
1943 to 1944Jean Alexandre Léon Rapenne, Governor
1944 to 1946Jules Eucher Surlemont, Governor
1946Jean Pezet, Governor

French overseas département or region

Term Incumbent Notes
16 August 1947 to 1 June 1955Robert Vignon, Prefect
1 June 1955 to 16 September 1957Pierre Malvy, Prefect
1 October 1957 to 1 November 1958Pierre Voitellier, Prefect
13 October 1958 to 1 December 1960André Dubois-Chabert, PrefectActing for Voitellier to 1 November 1958
1 December 1960 to 1 December 1963René Erignac, Prefect
1 December 1963 to 16 August 1967René Letellier, Prefect
16 August 1967 to 16 July 1970Paul Bouteiller, Prefect
16 July 1970 to 1 February 1972Jean Monfraix, Prefect
1 February 1972 to 8 February 1974Jacques Robert Delaunay, Prefect
5 March 1974 to 20 May 1977Hervé Bourseillier, Prefect
20 May 1977 to 10 February 1980Jean Julien Émile Le Direach, Prefect
10 February 1980 to 27 July 1981Antoine Carli, Prefect
27 July 1981 to 10 May 1982Maxime Gonzalvo, Prefect
10 May 1982 to 22 July 1982Maxime Gonzalvo, Commissioner of the Republic
July 1982 to 1984Claude Silberzahn, Commissioner of the Republic
1984 to 1986Bernard Courtois, Commissioner of the Republic
1986 to 24 February 1988Jacques Dewatre, Commissioner of the Republic
24 February 1988 to August 1988Jacques Dewatre, Prefect
22 August 1988 to 16 May 1990Jean-Pierre Lacroix, Prefect
19 June 1990 to May 1992Jean-François Di Chiara, Prefect
27 May 1992 to 6 January 1995Jean-François Cordet, Prefect
6 January 1995 to 3 February 1997Pierre Dartout, Prefect
3 February 1997 to 2 August 1999Dominique Vian, Prefect
2 August 1999 to 2 September 2002Henri Masse, Prefect
2 September 2002 to 28 March 2003Ange Mancini, Prefect
French overseas region
28 March 2003 to August 2006Ange Mancini, Prefect
28 August 2006 to February 2009Jean-Pierre Laflaquière, Prefect
19 February 2009 to 1 May 2011Daniel Ferey, Prefect
1 May 2011 to 10 June 2013Denis Labbé, Prefect
10 June 2013 to 11 January 2016Eric Spitz, Prefect
11 January 2016 to PresentMartin Jaeger,[1] Prefect

See also

References

  1. Laurent Marot, "Retour en terre guyanaise pour le nouveau préfet Martin Jaeger", Guyane La 1ère, 12 January 2016
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