List of child music prodigies
A child prodigy is defined in psychology research literature as a person under the age of ten who produces meaningful output in some domain to the level of an adult expert performer. This is a list of young children (at or under age 10) who displayed a talent in music deemed to make them competitive with skilled adult musicians. The list is sorted by genre and instrument.
|Charles-Valentin Alkan||1813||Piano, composition||5||Entered Paris Conservatoire at age 5, youngest ever admission.|
|Martha Argerich||1941||Piano||4||Orchestral debut at age six|
|Kit Armstrong||1992||Piano||5||Concerto debut at eight; Morton Gould Young Composer Award for five consecutive years|
|Claudio Arrau||1903||Piano||5||Could read notes before letters|
|Emily Bear||2001||Piano||5||Composed and released her first piano album at age five|
|Vincenzo Bellini||1801||Piano||5||Began studying music theory at two, the piano at three, and by the age of five could apparently play well|
|Lili Boulanger||1893||Piano, violin, cello, harp||Attended Louis Vierne's organ classes at the Paris Conservatoire at age six|
|Frédéric Chopin||1810||Piano||7||Wrote his first composition, a polonaise, which is still studied and performed today.|
|Georges Cziffra||1921||Piano||Entered the Franz Liszt Academy at age nine, after some four years performing in a traveling circus|
|Carl Filtsch||1830||Piano||6||Composed concerto at thirteen; died at age fourteen|
|Glenn Gould||1932||Piano||4||Attended The Royal Conservatory of Music (Toronto) at age 10; passing his final Conservatory examination in piano with the "highest marks of any candidate"; attaining "professional standing as a pianist" at age 12|
|Evgeny Kissin||1971||Piano||10||Entered music school at age six|
|Franz Liszt||1811||Piano||9||Performed first major concert at age eleven|
|Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart||1756||Piano, violin||4||One of the most prolific composers of the Classical Era. Performed all over Europe with his father Leopold and sister Nannerl|
|Sergei Prokofiev||1891||Piano||Composed an opera at age nine|
|Camille Saint-Saëns||1835||Piano||5||Gave his first public recital at age five|
|Samuel Barber||1910||Composer, conductor||7||Attempted an opera at age ten; attended the Curtis Institute of Music at age fourteen|
|Frédéric Chopin||1810||Composer||7||Began concerts and polonaises at age seven; attained notability by age fifteen|
|Alma Deutscher||2005||Composer, violinist, pianist||6||Starting piano at 2, violin at 3, and composing at 4. Numerous childhood works including piano sonata at 6, operetta The Sweeper of Dreams at 7, violin concerto at 9, full-length opera Cinderella at 10, fully orchestrated at 11, piano concerto at 12.|
|Felix Mendelssohn||1809||Composer, conductor||9|
|Gian Carlo Menotti||1911||Composer||7||Composed first opera at age eleven|
|Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart||1756||Composer||4||His first compositions were Andante (K. 1a) and Allegro (K. 1b)|
|Niccolò Paganini||1782||Composer, violinist||7|
|Nino Rota||1911||Composer||10||Composed an oratorio at the age of 10, conducting performances in Italy and Paris.|
- List of musicians
- Feldman, David H.; Morelock, M. J. (2011). "Prodigies". In Runco, Mark A.; Pritzker, Steven R. (eds.). Encyclopedia of Creativity. Encyclopedia of Creativity (Second Edition). Academic Press. pp. 261–265. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-375038-9.00182-5. ISBN 978-0-12-375038-9. Lay summary (8 April 2015).
For the purposes of this and future research, a prodigy was defined as a child younger than 10 years of age who has reached the level of a highly trained professional in a demanding area of endeavor.– via ScienceDirect (Subscription may be required or content may be available in libraries.)
- Rose, Lacey (2 March 2007). "Whiz Kids". Forbes. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
At the moment, the most widely accepted definition is a child, typically under the age of 10, who has mastered a challenging skill at the level of an adult professional.
- Feldman, David Henry (Fall 1993). "Child prodigies: A distinctive form of giftedness". Gifted Child Quarterly. 27 (4): 188–193. doi:10.1177/001698629303700408. ISSN 0016-9862.
- The age at which the musician had their first public performance.
- Conway, David (2012). Jewry in Music: Entry to the Profession from the Enlightenment to Richard Wagner. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-107-01538-8, pp. 222-224.
- "Martha Argerich Repertoire". Home.swipnet.se. Archived from the original on April 8, 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Kit Armstrong". Freewebs.com. Archived from the original on 2010-11-21. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Claudio Arrau Biography". Princeton.edu. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Four – Audio Interviews – Daniel Barenboim". BBC. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Radio 3 – Composer of the Week – 1. Early promise". BBC. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- Jachimecki, p. 420.
- Jeffrey Biegel Performer Blog (2006-01-10). "Jeffrey Biegel". Sequenza21.com. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- Stegemann, Michael. "The Story of a Genius". This is Glenn Gould. Sony Music Entertainment. Archived from the original on 25 September 2012. Retrieved 1 February 2013.
June 5, 1938: Gould accompanies his parents on the organ at a church concert
- Bazzana, Kevin (2003). Wondrous strange : the life and art of Glenn Gould. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart. pp. 75–76. ISBN 978-0-7710-1101-6.
- "PMC ESSAYS: Zakrzewska – Pianists 100 Years Ago (2)". Usc.edu. 2000-08-08. Archived from the original on 2010-02-26. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Music – Artists". BBC. Archived from the original on 2006-08-22. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-09-29. Retrieved 2006-02-04.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Mozart's Vienna". Luxurytraveler.com. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- The age at which the composer first composed.
- "Samuel Barber". Schirmer.com. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Fryderyk Chopin: Poet of the Piano". 2008-02-09. Archived from the original on 2008-02-09. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- Sally Williams " How 12-year-old Alma Deutscher became the world's 'little Mozart'" Telegraph Magazine, 31 August 2017.
- https://web.archive.org/web/20060110193528/http://www.classicalarchives.com/bios/mendelssohn_bio.html. Archived from the original on January 10, 2006. Retrieved February 4, 2006. Missing or empty
- "Gian Carlo Menotti". Schirmer.com. 1911-07-07. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- Cliff Eisen, Stanley Sadie, '(Johann Chrysostom) Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart', Grove Music Online ed. L. Macy (Accessed May 9, 2006)
- "Legendary Violinists. Niccolo Paganini". Thirteen.org. Retrieved 2010-09-20.