List of caves in Bulgaria

The list caves in Bulgaria, as of 2002, includes around 4,500 underground formations.[1] The earliest written records about the caves in Bulgaria are found in the manuscripts of the 17th century Bulgarian National Revival figure and historian Petar Bogdan. The first Bulgarian speleological society was established in 1929. The caves in the country are inhabited by more than 700 invertebrate species and 32 of the 37 species of bats found in Europe.

The longest caves in Bulgaria are Duhlata (18,200 m) and Orlova Chuka (13,437 m). The first show cave is Bacho Kiro, inaugurated in 1937. Nowadays, there are 10 tourist caves accessible to the public for guided visits in Bulgaria.

Partial list of Bulgarian caves

Name Image Notes Length Location
Bacho Kiro Bacho Kiro is situated in the central Balkan Mountains, at 5 km to the west of the town Dryanovo, Gabrovo Province and at only 300 m from the Dryanovo Monastery. It was the first show cave in Bulgaria and was opened to the public in 1937. Listed in the 100 Tourist Sites of Bulgaria under No. 22.[2] 3,500 m[3]
Devetashka Devetashka cave is situated on the east bank of the river Osam in the pre-Balkan area near the village of Devetaki, Lovech Province at around 7 km east of Letnitsa and 15 km north-east of Lovech. The cave used to be a secret military site. The site was used for filming The Expendables 2.[4] Listed in the 100 Tourist Sites of Bulgaria under No. 30.[5] 2,442 m[6]
Devil's Throat The Devil's Throat Cave is situated in the Trigrad Gorge of the western Rhodope Mountains. It is located at 1.5 km of the village of Trigrad, Smolyan Province. The cave has the largest population of common bent-wing bat in the Balkans. Listed in the 100 Tourist Sites of Bulgaria along with Trigrad Gorge under No. 88.[7] 548 m[8]
Duhlata Duhlata is situated in the south-western part of the Vitosha mountain range on the left bank of the river Struma near the village of Bosnek, Pernik Province. It is the longest cave in Bulgaria reaching 18,200 m. Duhlata is home to 22 known animal taxa, including six bat species.[9] 18,200 m[9]
Kolkina Dupka Kolkina Dupka is situated in the western Balkan Mountains near the village of Zimevitsa, Sofia Province. As of 2018 it has a depth of -541 m, making it the deepest cave in Bulgaria; the explored galleries reach 10,300 m, placing it third in the country. Exploration is still ongoing.[10][11] 10,300 m[10]
Kozarnika Kozarnika is situated on the northern slopes of the western Balkan Mountains at 6 km from the town of Belogradchik, Vidin Province. It is an important archaeological site and was used as a shelter early humans 1.6 million years ago.[12] 218 m[13]
Ledenika Ledenika is situated in the western Balkan Mountains at 16 km from the city of Vratsa, Vratsa Province. It features an abundance of galleries and impressive karst formations including stalactites and stalagmites, and is known to contain icicles. Ledenika falls within the territory of Vrachanski Balkan Nature Park. Listed in the 100 Tourist Sites of Bulgaria under No. 16.[14] 320 m[15]
Magura Magura is situated on the northern slopes of the western Balkan Mountains near the village of Rabisha, Vidin Province. It contains prehistoric wall painting dated between 10,000 and 8,000 years ago. In 1984 the site was induced into UNESCO's World Heritage Sites tentative list.[16] Listed in the 100 Tourist Sites of Bulgaria under No. 14.[17] 2,608 m[18]
Orlova Chuka Orlova Chuka is situated on the left slopes of the Cherni Lom river valley. It is located at 11 km to the east of the town of Dve Mogili and 3 km to north of the village of Pepelina, Ruse Province. The entrance terrace provides a scenic overlook of Rusenski Lom Nature Park and the rock formations of the river valley. Orlova Chuka is the second longest cave in Bulgaria.[19] 13,437 m[20]
Prohodna Prohodna is situated in the pre-Balkan area in the Karlukovo Gorge of the Iskar River. It is located near the village of Karlukovo, Lovech Province. It is part of the Iskar-Panega Geopark and is most notable for the two equal-sized holes in the ceiling of its middle chamber, resembling eyes. The cave is featured in several movies, including the 1988 Time of Violence.[21] 262 m[22]
Raychova Dupka Raychova Dupka is situated on the northern slopes of the central Balkan Mountains within Steneto Reserve in Central Balkan National Park. The nearest settlement of the village of Cherni Osam, Lovech Province. Reaching depth of -377 m, it is the second deepest cave discovered in Bulgaria.[23] 3,333 m[23]
Razhishka Razhishka Cave is situated in the western Balkan Mountains overlooking the left bank of the Iskar River in the homonymous gorge at a height of 140 m over the river. It is located near the village of Milanovo, Sofia Province. It was inhabited by humans during the Iron Age. 316 m[24]
Saeva dupka Saeva dupka is situated in the pre-Balkan area near the village of Brestnitsa, Lovech Province. It was desclared a natural landmark in 1963. Listed in the 100 Tourist Sites of Bulgaria under No. 33.[25] 210 m[26]
Snezhanka Snezhanka is situated in the western Rhodope Mountains in the valley of Stara Reka river at some 5 km from the town of Peshtera, Pazardzhik Province. The cave is rich in stalactites, stalagmites, draperies and sinter lakes. Listed in the 100 Tourist Sites of Bulgaria under No. 37.[27] 368 m[28]
Temnata Dupka Temnata Dupka is situated in the western Balkan Mountains overlooking the left bank of the Iskar River in the homonymous gorge. It is located near the villages of Milanovo and Gara Lakatnik, Sofia Province. It was declared a national landmark in 1962 and falls within the territory of Vrachanski Balkan Nature Park.[29][30] 9,000 m[31]
Uhlovitsa Uhlovitsa is situated in the western Rhodope Mountains near the village of Mogilitsa, Smolyan Province. The cave features many underground waterfalls and lakes. Listed in the 100 Tourist Sites of Bulgaria under No. 84.[32] 330 m[33]
Venetsa Venetsa is situated in the western Balkan Mountains, at 14 km to the east of the town of Belogradchik and 3 km to the south of the village of Gara Oreshets, Vidin Province. It was opened for tourists in 2015 and is the most recently inaugurated show cave in Bulgaria. 220 m[34]
Yagodinska Yagodinska Cave is situated in the western Rhodope Mountains in the Buynovsko Gorge near the village of Yagodina, Smolyan Province. It is the longest cave in the Rhodope Mountains and contains a very large number of cave formations, including the rare cave pearls. Listed in the 100 Tourist Sites of Bulgaria under No. 89.[35] 8,501 m[36]

See also

Citations

  1. География на България. Физическа и социално-икономическа география. „ФорКом“. 2002. p. 64. ISBN 954-464-123-8.
  2. "Bacho Kiro Cave". Official Site of the Bulgarian Tourist Union. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  3. "Bacho Kiro Cave". The Caves of Bulgaria. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  4. Andreeva, Nellie (November 16, 2011). "'The Expendables 2′ Fined For Damaging Protected Bat Habitat In Bulgaria". Deadline.com. PMC. Archived from the original on November 16, 2012. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  5. "Devetashka Cave". Official Site of the Bulgarian Tourist Union. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  6. "Devetashka Cave". The Caves of Bulgaria. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  7. "Trigrad Gorge and Devil's Throat Cave". Official Site of the Bulgarian Tourist Union. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  8. "Devil's Throat Cave". The Caves of Bulgaria. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  9. "Duhlata Cave". The Caves of Bulgaria. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  10. "Kolkina Dupka Cave". The Caves of Bulgaria. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  11. "Kolkina Dupka". "Pod Raba" Speleological Club. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  12. Rincon, Paul (2004-03-16). "Early human marks are 'symbols'". BBC. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
  13. "Kozarnika Cave". The Caves of Bulgaria. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  14. "Ledenika Cave". Official Site of the Bulgarian Tourist Union. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  15. "Ledenika Cave". The Caves of Bulgaria. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  16. "The Magoura Cave with drawings from the bronze age". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
  17. "Magura Cave". Official Site of the Bulgarian Tourist Union. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  18. "Magura Cave". The Caves of Bulgaria. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  19. "Orlova Chuka Cave". Official Site of Dve Mogili Municipality. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
  20. "Orlova Chuka Cave". The Caves of Bulgaria. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  21. Ягодова, Весела; Сава Чанкова (2010-07-27). "Какво още". Light (in Bulgarian). Икономедиа. Retrieved 12 February 2011.
  22. "Prohodna Cave". The Caves of Bulgaria. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  23. "Raychova Dupka Cave". The Caves of Bulgaria. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  24. "Razhishka Cave". The Caves of Bulgaria. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  25. "Saeva Dupka Cave". Official Site of the Bulgarian Tourist Union. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  26. "Saeva Dupka Cave". The Caves of Bulgaria. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  27. "Snezhanka Cave". Official Site of the Bulgarian Tourist Union. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  28. "Snezhanka Cave". The Caves of Bulgaria. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  29. "Temnata Dupka Cave". Official Site of the Executive Environment Agency of Bulgaria. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  30. "Temnata Dupka Cave". Official Tourist Portal of Bulgaria. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  31. "Temnata Dupka Cave". The Caves of Bulgaria. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  32. "Uhlovitsa Cave". Official Site of the Bulgarian Tourist Union. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  33. "Uhlovitsa Cave". The Caves of Bulgaria. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  34. "Venetsa Cave". The Caves of Bulgaria. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  35. "Yagodinska Cave". Official Site of the Bulgarian Tourist Union. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  36. "Yagodinska Cave". The Caves of Bulgaria. Retrieved 20 May 2018.

Sources

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