List of cattle breeds

Over 1000 breeds of cattle are recognized worldwide, some of which adapted to the local climate, others which were bred by humans for specialized uses.[1]

Cattle breeds fall into two main types, which are regarded as either two closely related species, or two subspecies of one species. Bos indicus (or Bos taurus indicus) cattle, commonly called zebu, are adapted to hot climates and originated in the tropical parts of the world such as sub-Saharan Africa, India, China, and Southeast Asia. Bos taurus (or Bos taurus taurus), typically referred to as "taurine" cattle, are generally adapted to cooler climates and include almost all cattle breeds originating from Europe, the Mediterranean region, and northern Asia. Both species were likely present since ancient times in northern Africa and the Middle East, where both natural and human-caused hybridization likely occurred. Today, Taurus/indicus hybrids are widely bred in many warmer regions, combining characteristics of both the ancestral types (such as the Sanga cattle of Africa, or Brangus [a pormoteau of Brahma and Angus] in warmer regions of the United States).

In some parts of the world further species of cattle are found (both as wild and domesticated animals), and some of these are related so closely to taurine and indicus cattle that interspecies hybrids have been bred. Examples include the Dwarf Lulu cattle of the mountains of Nepal with yak blood,[2] the Beefalo of North America with bison genes, the Selembu breed of India and Bhutan with gayal genes. The Madura breed of Indonesia may have banteng in its parentage.[3] In addition to these fertile hybrids, there are infertile crossings such as the male Dzo of Nepal, a cattle-yak crossing which is bred for agricultural work - like the mule they have to be continually bred from the parent species.

A

BreedImageSubspeciesCountry/region of originMeatDairyDraughtOther
AbergeleEthiopiaMeatDairyDraught
AbigarTaurusEthiopiaDairy
AbondanceTaurusFranceMeatDairy
Abyssinian Shorthorned ZebuIndicusEthiopiaDraught
AcehIndonesiaMeat
AchhamIndicusNepalDairy
AdamawaTaurusNigeriaMeatDairyDraught
AdaptaurTaurus/Indicus hybridAustraliaMeat
AfarEthiopiaMeatDairy
AfricangusTaurus/Indicus hybridUnited StatesMeat
AfrikanerIndicusSouth AfricaMeat
AgeroleseTaurusItalyDairy
AkaushiJapanMeatOne of the four Kobe breeds
Ala TauTaurusKazakhstanMeatDairy
AlambadiIndicusIndia
Alatau cattleTaurusKazakhstanMeatDairy
AlbanianTaurusAlbaniaDairyDraught
AlberaTaurusSpainMeatSemi-feral
AlderneyTaurusChannel IslandsDairy
AlentejanaTaurusPortugalMeatDraught
Aleutian wild cattleUnited StatesFeral
Aliab DinkaSouth Sudan
Alistana-SanabresaSpain
AllmogekorTaurusSwedenMeatDraught
AlurDemocratic Republic of the Congo
AmericanTaurus/Indicus hybridUnited StatesMeat
American AngusUnited States
American Beef FriesianUnited States
American Brown SwissUnited States
American Milking DevonTaurusUnited StatesMeatDairyDraught
American White ParkTaurusUnited StatesMeatDairy
AmerifaxTaurusUnited StatesMeatDairy
Amrit MahalIndicusIndiaDeveloped from Hallikar cattle for war purposes
Amsterdam Island cattleTaurusAmsterdam IslandFeral
Anatolian BlackTaurusTurkeyMeatDairyDraught
Andalusian BlackTaurusSpainMeatEndangered
Andalusian BlondSpain
Andalusian GreySpain
Angeln cattleTaurusGermanyDairy
AngoniMalawi
AngusTaurusScotlandMeat
AnkinaUnited States
Ankole-WatusiIndicusEast AfricaMeatDairyDraughtShow
Aosta cattleTaurusItalyDraught
Apulian PodolianItaly
AracenaSpain
AradoEthiopiaMeatDairyDraught
Argentine CriolloTaurusArgentinaMeatDairy
Argentine FriesianArgentinaDairy
ArmoricanTaurusFranceMeatDairy
Arouquesa CattleTaurusPortugalMeatDairy
ArsiEthiopia
Asturian MountainTaurusSpainMeatDairy
Asturian ValleyTaurusSpainMeatDairy
Aubrac cattleTaurusFranceMeatDairy
Aulie-AtaTaurusKazakhstanDairy
Aure et Saint-GironsTaurusFranceMeatDairyDraught
Australian BrafordTaurus/Indicus hybridAustraliaMeat
Australian BrangusTaurus/Indicus hybridAustraliaMeat
Australian CharbrayTaurus/Indicus hybridAustraliaMeat
Australian Friesian SahiwalTaurus/Indicus hybridAustraliaDairy
Australian Milking ZebuTaurus/Indicus hybridAustraliaDairy
Australian ShorthornAustraliaMeat
Austrian SimmentalAustria
Austrian YellowAustria
AvetonouTogo
AvileñaTaurusSpainMeatDraught
Avilena-Black IberianSpain
Aweil DinkaSouth Sudan
AyrshireTaurusScotlandDairy
Azaouak cattleMali
AzebuadoBrazil
Azerbaijan ZebuAzerbaijan
AzoresPortugal

B

BreedImageSubspeciesCountry/region of originMeatDairyDaturaOther
Bachaur cattleIndicusIndiaDairyDraught
Baherie cattleIndicusEritreaMeatDairy
Bakosi cattleTaurusCameroonMeatRituals
Balancer cattleTaurusUnited StatesMeatDairyGelbvieh/Angus crossbreed
BaouleTaurusIvory CoastDairy
Bargur CattleIndicusIndiaDairyDraughtSemi-wild, native to Bargur forest region, bred and grazed by the local Lingayat community
Barrosã CattleTaurusPortugalMeatDraught
BarzonaTaurus/Indicus hybridUnited StatesMeat
BazadaiseTaurusFranceMeat
Beef FreisianTaurusUnited StatesMeatDairy
BeefaloTaurus/Bison hybridUnited StatesMeat
BeefmakerTaurus/Indicus hybridUnited StatesMeat
BeefmasterTaurus/Indicus hybridUnited StatesMeat
BegaytEthiopiaMeatDairyDraught
Belgian BlueTaurusBelgiumMeatDairy
Belgian RedTaurusBelgiumMeatDairyDraughtEndangered breed
Belgian Red PiedTaurusBelgiumMeatDairy
Belgian White-and-redTaurusBelgiumMeatDairy
Belmont RedTaurus/Indicus hybridAustraliaMeat
Belted GallowayTaurusScotlandDairy
BerneseSwitzerland
Berrenda cattleTaurusSpainMeatDairyDraughtSport
BetizuTaurusSpain/FranceMeatDraught
Bianca Val PadanaTaurusItalyMeatDairy
BlaarkopTaurusNetherlandsDairy
Black AngusTaurusScotlandMeatDairy
Black BaldyTaurusAustraliaMeat
Black HerefordTaurusEnglandMeat
Blanca CacereñaTaurusSpainMeatDairyDraught
Blanco Orejinegro BONTaurusColombiaMeatDairyDraught
Blonde d'AquitaineTaurusFranceMeatDairyDraught
Blue AlbionTaurusGreat BritainMeat
Blue GreyTaurusGreat BritainMeat
Bohus PolledSweden
BonsmaraTaurus/Indicus hybridSouth AfricaMeat
BoranIndicuseastern AfricaMeat
BoškarinTaurusCroatia, SloveniaMeatDairyDraught
BrafordTaurus/Indicus hybridUnited StatesMeat
BrahmanIndicusIndiaMeatDairyDraught
BrahmousinTaurus/Indicus hybridUnited StatesMeatDraught
BrangusTaurus/Indicus hybridUnited StatesMeat
BraunviehTaurusSwitzerlandMeatDairy
BravaSpain
British WhiteTaurusGreat BritainMeatDairy
British FriesianTaurusGreat BritainDairy
Brown CarpathianTaurusUkraine
Brown CaucasianTaurusArmeniaMeatDairy
Brown SwissTaurusSwitzerlandDairy
Bue LingoTaurusUnited StatesMeatDairy
BurlinaTaurusItalyDairy
Buša cattleTaurusformer Yugoslavia (Dinaric Alps)MeatDairyDraught
ButanaIndicusSudanDairy
BushuyevZebuUzbekistanDairy

C

BreedImageSubspeciesCountry/region of originMeatDairyDraughtOther
Cachena CattleTaurusPortugal/SpainMeatDairyDraught
CaldelanaTaurusSpainMeatDairyDraught
CamargueTaurusFranceMeatDraughtSport
Campbell Island CattleTaurusNew ZealandFeral
Canadian Speckle ParkTaurusCanadaMeat
CanadienneTaurusCanadaMeatDairy
CanariaTaurusSpainMeatDraught
CanchimTaurus/Indicus hybridBrazilMeat
CaracuTaurusBrazilMeatDairyDraught
Cárdena AndaluzaTaurusSpainMeatDraught
Carinthian BlondviehTaurusAustriaMeatDairyDraught
CaroraTaurusVenezuelanMeatDairyDraught
Chinese Central Plains YellowTaurus/Indicus hybridChina
CharbrayTaurus/Indicus hybridUnited StatesMeat
CharolaisTaurusFranceMeatDraught
Chateaubriand
ChiangusTaurusMeat
ChianinaTaurusItalyMeatDraught
Chillingham CattleUnknownEnglandFeral
Chinese Black PiedTaurusChinaDairy
CholistaniIndicusPakistanDairy
Coloursided White BackTaurusMeatDairy
Commercial
Corriente CattleTaurusSpainMeatDairyDraughtSport
Corsican CattleTaurusCorsicaMeatOften free-ranging
Costeño con CuernosTaurus/Indicus hybridColombiaMeatDraught
Crioulo Lageano

D

BreedImageSubspeciesCountry/region of originMeatDairyDraughtOther
DajalIndicusPakistanMeatDairyDraught
Dangi cattleIndicusIndiaDraught
Danish Black-Pied
Danish JerseyTaurusDenmarkDairy
Danish RedTaurusDenmarkMeatDairy
Deep Red CattleTaurusMeatDairy
DeoniIndicusIndiaDairyDraught
DevonTaurusEnglandMeatDairy
DexterTaurusIrelandMeatDairy
DhanniIndicusPakistanMeatDairyDraught
Doayo cattleTaurusCameroon
Doela
DrakensbergerTaurusSouth AfricaMeatDairy
DølafeTaurusNorwayMeatDairy
DroughtmasterTaurus/Indicus hybridAustraliaMeat
Dulong'TaurusMeatDraught
Dutch BeltedTaurusNetherlandsMeatDairy
Dutch FriesianTaurusNetherlandsMeatDairy
Dwarf LuluTaurus/Indicus/Yak hybrid

E

BreedImageSubspeciesCountry/region of originMeatDairyDraughtOther
East Anatolian RedTaurusDairy
Eastern FinncattleTaurusFinlandMeatDairy
Eastern Red Polled
Enderby Island CattleUnknownNew ZealandFeral
English LonghornTaurusEnglandMeatDairy
Ennstal Mountain Pied CattleTaurusAustriaMeatDraught
Estonian HolsteinTaurusEstoniaDairy
Estonian Native
Estonian Red cattleTaurusMeatDairy
Évolène CattleTaurusSwitzerlandDairy

F

BreedImageSubspeciesCountry/region of originMeatDairyDraughtOther
Finnish AyrshireFinland
Finnish cattleTaurusFinlandMeatDairy
Finnish Holstein-Friesian
FjällTaurusSwedenMeatDairyAlso called Swedish mountain
FleckviehTaurusAustriaMeatDairy
Florida CrackerTaurusUnited StatesMeat
FogeraEthiopiaMeatDairyDraught
French SimmentalTaurusFranceMeatDairy
Fribourg black and white
Friesian Red and WhiteTaurusMeatDairy
Fulani SudaneseIndicusMeatDairyDraught

G

BreedImageSubspeciesCountry/region of originMeatDairyDraughtOther
Galician BlondTaurusSpainMeatDairy
Galloway cattleTaurusScotlandMeatDairyDraught
Gangatiri cattleIndicusIndiaDairyDraught
Gaolao cattleIndicusIndiaDairyDraught
Garvonesa CattleTaurusPortugalMeatDraught
Gascon cattleTaurusFranceMeatDraught
GelbviehTaurusGermanyMeatDairyDraught
Georgian mountain cattleTaurusGeorgiaMeatDairyDraught
German Angus CattleTaurusGermanyMeat
German Black Pied CattleTaurusGermanyDairy
German Black Pied DairyTaurusGermanyDairy
German Red PiedTaurusGermanyMeatDairy
GirIndicusIndiaDairy
Glan cattleTaurusGermanyMeatDairyDraught
GloucesterTaurusEnglandMeatDairyDraught
GobraIndicusMeatDraught
Greek ShorthornTaurusGreeceMeatDairy
Greek Steppe cattleTaurusMeatDairyDraught
Greyman CattleTaurus/Indicus hybridAustraliaMeat
GroningenTaurusNetherlandsDairy
Groningen White-HeadedTaurusNetherlandsMeatDairy
GudaliIndicusIran/PersiaDairyDraught
GuernseyTaurusChannel IslandsDairy
GuzeratIndicusBrazilMeatDraught

H

BreedImageSubspeciesCountry/region of originMeatDairyDraughtOther
Hallikar[4]IndicusIndiaDraughtOrigin of Amrit Mahal cattle
HanwooTaurusKoreaMeatDraughtCow fighting
Haryanvi cattleIndicusIndiaDairyDraught
Hartón del ValleTaurusColombiaMeatDairyDraught
Harz Red mountain cattleTaurusGermanyMeatDairyDraught
Hays ConverterTaurusCanadaMeat
Heck CattleTaurusScience
HerefordTaurusEnglandMeat
HerensTaurusSwitzerlandMeatCow fighting
HybridmasterTaurus/Indicus hybridMeatDairy
Highland CattleTaurusScotlandMeat
Hinterwald CattleTaurusGermanyMeatDairy
Holando-ArgentinoTaurusArgentinaMeatDairy
Red HolsteinTaurusDairy
HolsteinTaurusDairy
HorroIndicusMeatDraught
Hungarian GreyTaurusHungaryMeatDraught

I

BreedImageSubspeciesCountry/region of originMeatDairyDraughtOther
Iberian cattle
IcelandicTaurusIcelandDairy
Illawarra cattleTaurusAustraliaMeatDairy
Improved Red and WhiteTaurusMeat
Indo-BrazilianIndicusMeat
Irish MoiledTaurusIrelandMeatDairy
Israeli HolsteinTaurusDairy
Israeli RedTaurus/Indicus hybridMeatDairy
Istoben cattleTaurusMeatDairy
Istrian cattle  see Boškarin

J

BreedImageSubspeciesCountry/region of originMeatDairyDraughtOther
Jamaica BlackTaurus/Indicus hybridMeatDairy
Jamaica HopeTaurus/Indicus hybridJamaicaDairy
Jamaica RedTaurus/Indicus hybridMeat
Jarmelista CattleTaurusPortugalMeatDraught
Javari CattleIndicusIndiaDraught
JerseyTaurusChannel IslandsDairy
Jutland cattleTaurusDenmarkMeatDairy

K

BreedImageSubspeciesCountry/region of originMeatDairyDraughtOther
Kabin Buri cattleTaurus/Indicus hybridThailandMeatDairyCrossbreed between Brahman and Simmental
Kalmyk cattleTaurusMeatDairy
KangayamIndicusIndiaDairyDraught
KankrejIndicusIndiaDraught
Kamphaeng Saen cattleTaurus/Indicus hybridThailandMeat
Karan SwissTaurus/Indicus hybridMeatDairy
Kasaragod Dwarf cattleIndicusIndiaDairyDraught
KathiawadiIndicusIndiaDraught
Kazakh WhiteheadedTaurusMeatDairy
KenanaIndicusSudanDairy
Kenkatha cattleIndicusIndiaDraught
Kerry cattleTaurusIrelandMeatDairy
Kherigarh cattleIndicusIndiaDraught
Khillari cattleIndicusIndiaDraught
KholomogoryTaurusRussiaMeatDairy
Korat WagyuTaurus/Indicus hybridThailandMeat
Kostroma CattleTaurusMeatDairy
Krishna Valley cattleIndicusIndiaDairyDraught
KuriTaurusMeatDairyDraught
KurganTaurusMeatDairy

L

BreedImageSubspeciesCountry/region of originMeatDairyDraughtOther
Lampurger
Latvian Blue
Latvian BrownTaurusLatviaMeatDairy
Latvian Danish RedTaurusLatviaMeatDairy
LebedynTaurusUkraine
LevantinaTaurusMeatDraught
Limia CattleTaurusSpainMeatDairyDraught
LimousinTaurusFranceMeatDraught
LimpurgerTaurusMeatDairy
Lincoln RedTaurusEnglandMeat
LinebackTaurusCanadaDairy
Lithuanian Black-and-White
Lithuanian Light Grey
Lithuanian RedLithuaniaMeat
Lithuanian White-backed
Lohani cattleIndicusMeatDraught
LourdaisTaurusFranceMeatDairyDraught
Australian LowlineTaurusAustraliaMeat
Lucerna cattleTaurusSouth America
LuingTaurusScotlandMeat

M

BreedImageSubspeciesCountry/region of originMeatDairyDraughtOther
Madagascar ZebuIndicusMeatDairyDraught
Madura cattleBanteng/Indicus hybridIndonesiaMeatDairyDraughtRacing
Maine AnjouTaurusFranceMeatDairyDraught
Malnad GiddaIndicusIndiaDairyDraughtSemi-dwarf breed
MalviIndicusIndiaDairyDraught
Mandalong SpecialTaurus/Indicus hybridMeat
Mantequera LeonesaTaurusMeatDairyDraught
Maramureş BrownRomania
MarchigianaTaurusItalyMeatDraught
MaremmanaTaurusItalyMeatDairyDraught
Marinhoa CattleTaurusPortugalMeatDairyDraught
MaronesaTaurusPortugalMeatDairyDraught
Masai cattleIndicusMeatDraught
MashonaTaurusMeatDraught
MenorquinaTaurusDairy
Mertolenga CattleTaurusPortugalMeatDraught
Meuse-Rhine-IsselTaurusNetherlandsMeatDairy
Mewati cattleIndicusIndiaDairyDraught
Milking ShorthornTaurusGreat BritainMeatDairy
Minhota CattleTaurusPortugalMeatDairyDraught
Miniature
Mirandesa cattleTaurusPortugalMeatDraught
MocăniţăRomania
MollieTaurusSpainMeatDraught
MonchinaTaurusSpainMeatDraught
Mongolian cattleTaurusChinaMeatDraught
MontbéliardeTaurusFranceMeatDairy
MoruchaTaurusMeatDraughtFighting
MuturuTaurus africanusNigeriaMeatDairy
Murboden CattleTaurusAustriaMeatDairyDraught
Murnau-Werdenfels CattleTaurusGermanyDairy
Murray GreyTaurusAustraliaMeat

N

BreedImageSubspeciesCountry/region of originMeatDairyDraughtOther
NagoriIndicusIndiaDraught
N'DamaTaurusGuineaMeatDairy
Negra AndaluzaTaurusSpainMeatDraught
Nelore cattleIndicusBrazilMeatDraught
NguniTaurus/Indicus hybridSouthern AfricaMeatDairy
Nimari cattleIndicusIndiaDraught
Normande CattleTaurusFranceMeatDairy
Northern FinncattleTaurusFinlandMeatDairy
Northern ShorthornTaurusGreat BritainDairy
Chinese Northern YellowChina
Norwegian RedTaurusNorwayMeatDairy

O

BreedImageSubspeciesCountry/region of originMeatDairyDraughtOther
Ongole CattleIndicusIndiaMeatDairyDraught
Original SimmentalTaurusSwitzerlandMeatDairy

P

BreedImageSubspeciesCountry/region of originMeatDairyDraughtOther
PajunaTaurusSpainMeatDraught
PalmeraTaurusMeatDraughtSport
Pantaneiro cattleBrazil
Parda AlpinaTaurusMeatDairy
ParthenaisTaurusFranceMeatDraught
PasiegaTaurusSpainDairy
Pembroke cattleTaurusWalesMeatDairy
Philippine cattleTaurusPhilippinesMeatDairyDraught
Philippine Native cattleTaurusDairyDraught
Pie Rouge des PlainesTaurusFranceDairy
PiedmonteseTaurusItalyMeatDairy
PineywoodsTaurusMeatDairyDraught
PinzgauerTaurusAustriaMeatDairy
PirenaicaTaurusMeatDraught
PodolicaTaurusItalyMeatDairyDraught
Polish Black-and-White
Polish Red cattleTaurusPolandMeatDairyDraught
Polled HerefordTaurusEnglandMeat
Polled ShorthornTaurusEnglandMeat
Ponwar cattleIndicusIndiaDraught
Pon Yang Kharm cattleTaurusThailandMeat
Preta CattleTaurusPortugalMeatDraught
Punganur cattleIndicusIndiaMeatDairyDraught
Pulikulam cattleIndicusIndiaDairyDraughtJallikattu
Pustertal Pied CattleTaurusMeat

Q

BreedImageSubspeciesCountry/region of originMeatDairyDraughtOther
QinchaunTaurusChinaMeatDraught
Queensland Miniature BoranTaurusMeatPets

R

BreedImageSubspeciesCountry/region of originMeatDairyDraughtOther
Ramo GrandeTaurusPortugalMeatDairyDraught
RandallTaurusUnited StatesMeatDairyDraught
Raramuri Criollo cattleTaurusChihuahua, MexicoMeatDairy
Rathi cattleIndicusIndia [5]DairyDraughtDomestic
Rätische GrauviehTaurusMeatDairyDraught
RayaEthiopiaMeatDairyDraught
Red AngusTaurusScotlandMeatDairy
Red BrangusTaurus/Indicus hybridMeat
Red ChittagongIndicusBangladesh[6]DraughtGood reproductive performance
Red FulaniTaurus/Indicus hybridMeat
Red Gorbatov cattleTaurusRussiaDairy
Red Kandhari cattleIndicusIndiaDraughtDomestic
Red MingrelianGeorgiaMeatDairy
Red PollTaurusEnglandMeatDairy
Red Polled ØstlandTaurusMeatDairy
Red SindhiIndicusIndia/PakistanMeatDairy
ReinaTaurusMeatDairy
RetintaTaurusMeatDraught
Riggit GallowayTaurusMeat
Ringamåla CattleTaurusDairy
RohjanIndicusMeatDraught
Romagnola cattleTaurusItalyMeatDraught
Romanian BălţataRomania
Romanian Steppe GrayRomania
RomosinuanoTaurusColombiaMeat
Russian Black PiedTaurusRussiaMeatDairyDraught
RX3TaurusMeat

S

BreedImageSubspeciesCountry/region of originMeatDairyDraughtOther
SahiwalIndicusIndia/PakistanDairy
SalersTaurusFranceMeatDraught
SalornTaurusMeat
SangaTaurus/Indicus hybridMeat
SanheTaurus/Mongolian hybridMeatDairyDraught
Santa Cruz cattleTaurus/Indicus hybridMeat
Santa Gertrudis cattleTaurus/Indicus hybridUnited StatesMeat
SayaguesaTaurusSpainMeatDraught
Schwyz
SelembuGaur/Indicus hybridMeatDairy
SenepolTaurus/Indicus hybridMeat
Serbian PiedTaurusSerbiaDairy
Serbian SteppeTaurusSerbiaDraught
ShekoEthiopia
Shetland cattleTaurusScotlandMeatDraught
ShorthornTaurusEnglandMeat
Siboney de CubaTaurus/Indicus hybridMeatDraught
Sided Trönder
SimbrahTaurus/Indicus hybridMeat
SimfordTaurusMeat
SimmentalTaurusSwitzerlandMeatDairyDraught
SiriZebuBhutanDairyDraught
South DevonTaurusEnglandMeatDairy
BatangasTaurus/Indicus hybridDraught
Spanish Fighting BullTaurusSpainMeatSport
Speckle Park cattleTaurusMeat
Square MeaterTaurusMeat
Sussex cattleTaurusEnglandMeat
Swedish FriesianTaurusDairy
Swedish PolledTaurusDairy
Swedish Red PiedTaurusDairy
Swedish Red PolledTaurusMeatDairy
Swedish Red-and-WhiteTaurusMeatDairy
Symons TypeTaurus/Indicus hybridMeat

T

BreedImageSubspeciesCountry/region of originMeatDairyDraughtOther
TabapuãIndicusBrazilMeatDairyDraught
TarentaiseTaurusFranceMeatDairy
Tasmanian GreyTaurusMeat
TaurosTaurusGrazing projects, rewilding
Telemark cattleTaurusNorwayMeatDairy
Texas LonghornTaurusUnited StatesMeatDairy
TexonTaurusMeat
Thai BlackTaurus/Indicus hybridThailandMeat
Thai Fighting BullIndicusThailandSport
Thai FriesianTaurus/Indicus hybridThailandDairy
Thai Milking ZebuTaurus/Indicus hybridThailandDairy
TharparkarIndicusIndia/ Pakistan[7]DairyDraught
Tswana cattleTaurusBotswanaMeatDairy
TudancaTaurusSpainMeatDairyDraughtGrazing projects, rewilding
TuliTaurusZimbabweMeatDairy
TulimTaurus/Indicus hybridMeat
Turkish Grey Steppe cattleTaurusMeatDraught
Tux CattleTaurusDairy
Tyrolese Grey CattleTaurusAustriaMeatDairy

U

BreedImageSubspeciesCountry/region of originMeatDairyDraughtOther
Umblachery cattleIndicusIndiaDairyDraught
Ushuaia Wild CattleFeral
Ukrainian Grey cattleTaurusUkraine

V

BreedImageSubspeciesCountry/region of originMeatDairyDraughtOther
Vaca Toposa or VaquillaTaurusSport
Väne
Vaynol cattleTaurusScotlandMeat
Vechur cow[8]IndicusIndiaDairyMilk and ghee traditionally used in Ayurvedic medicine. The protein content of the milk has anti-bacterial properties[9][10][11]
Vestland FjordTaurusNorwayMeatDairy
VianesaIndicusMeatDairy
Volyn meat cattleUkraineMeat
Vorderwald CattleTaurusGermanyMeatDairy
VosgesTaurusFranceMeatDairy

W

BreedImageSubspeciesCountry/region of originMeatDairyDraughtOther
WagyuTaurusJapanMeatDraught
WaguliTaurusUSAMeat
WangusTaurus/Indicus hybridMeat
Welsh BlackTaurusWalesMeat
Western FinncattleTaurusFinlandMeatDairy
Western Fjord
Western Red PolledTaurusMeatDairy
White CáceresTaurusMeatDraught
White FulaniIndicusMeat
White LamphunIndicusThailandDraught
White ParkTaurusGreat BritainMeatDairy
White SindhiIndicusIndia/PakistanDairyDraught
Whitebred ShorthornTaurusGreat BritainMeat

X

BreedImageSubspeciesCountry/region of originMeatDairyDraughtOther
Xingjiang BrownTaurus/Mongolian hybridMeatDairyDraught

Y

BreedImageSubspeciesCountry/region of originMeatDairyDraughtOther
Yakutian cattleTaurusRussiaMeatDairyDraught
YanbianTaurus ChinaDraught
Yan Yellow
YurinoTaurusUkraine

Z

BreedImageSubspeciesCountry/region of originMeatDairyDraughtOther
ŻubrońTaurus/wisent hybridPolandMeatScience
ZebuIndicusMeatDairyDraft

See also

Notes

  1. Marleen Felius (September 2007). Cattle Breeds: An Encyclopedia. Trafalgar Square Publishing. ISBN 978-1-57076-381-6.
  2. Takeda, K.; Satoh M.; Neopane S.P.; Kuwar B.S.; Joshi H.D.; Shrestha N.P.; Fujise H.; Tasai M.; Tagami T.; Hanada H. (April 2004). "Mitochondrial DNA analysis of Nepalese domestic dwarf cattle Lulu". Animal Science Journal. 75 (2): 103–110(8). doi:10.1111/j.1740-0929.2004.00163.x.
  3. Lenstra, J.A.; D.G. Bradley (June 1999). Systematics and Phylogeny of Cattle. ISBN 978-0-85199-258-7.
  4. "Native cow varieties of India - Biodiversity of India: A Wiki Resource for Indian Biodiversity". www.biodiversityofindia.org.
  5. "Rathi - India: Suratgarh Rajasthan
  6. "A.K. Fazlul Haque Bhuiyan, Department of Animal Breeding & Genetics, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh 2202, BANGLADESH"
  7. Sharma, Amit Kumar; et al. (2004). "Molecular Characterization of Rathi and Tharparkar Indigenous Cattle (Bos indicus) Breeds by RAPD-PCR" (PDF). Asian-Australian Journal of Animal Science. 17 (9): 1204–1209. doi:10.5713/ajas.2004.1204.
  8. Nair, Madhavan (31 July 2010). "Milk of the indigenous Vechur cow beneficial to health" via www.thehindu.com.
  9. Pillai, R. Ramabhadran (8 January 2012). "Study points to medicinal value of Vechur cow milk" via www.thehindu.com.
  10. Shashidharan, A; Singh, R; Bhasker, S; Mohankumar, C (2011). "Physicochemical characterization and functional site analysis of lactoferrin gene of Vechur cow". Bioinformation. 6 (7): 275–8. doi:10.6026/97320630006275. PMC 3124693. PMID 21738329.
  11. "News18.com: CNN-News18 Breaking News India, Latest News Headlines, Live News Updates". News18.
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