List of burials at Tikhvin Cemetery

Tikhvin Cemetery (Russian: Тихвинское кладбище) is a historic cemetery in the centre of Saint Petersburg. It is part of the Alexander Nevsky Lavra and contains a large number of burials, including many notable Russian figures. It is administered by the State Museum of Urban Sculpture, which refers to it as the Necropolis of the Masters of Art (Russian: Некрополь мастеров искусств).

During the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries it was a popular burial site for statesmen and military personnel. Among those buried here were naval officers Fyodor Dubasov, Yuri Lisyansky, Pyotr Ricord, Zinovy Rozhestvensky and Alexei Senyavin; army officers Apostol Kostanda, Nikolay Leontiev, Valerian Madatov and Alexander Mikhailovsky-Danilevsky; and statesmen Alexander Abaza, Dmitry Bludov, Pavel Demidov, Ivan Durnovo, Mikhail Speransky and Pyotr Valuyev. Relatively few of these graves have survived to the present day. Scientists Sergey Lebedev and Ivan Tarkhanov were also buried here.

The cemetery is most famous for its representatives from the arts world, some of whom were originally buried here, while others were reinterred here during the Soviet period. Composers and musicians buried in the cemetery include Alexander Borodin, César Cui, Alexander Dargomyzhsky, Alexander Glazunov, Mikhail Glinka, Modest Mussorgsky, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Anton Rubinstein and Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Actors and performers Varvara Asenkova, Nikolay Cherkasov, Vera Komissarzhevskaya, Marius Petipa and Georgy Tovstonogov are buried here, as are painters and sculptors Mikhail Avilov, Vasily Demut-Malinovsky, Alexander Ivanov, Ivan Kramskoi, Boris Kustodiev and Ivan Shishkin. Luminaries from the world of literature represented in the cemetery include Yevgeny Baratynsky, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Ivan Gorbunov, Nikolay Karamzin, Ivan Krylov and Vladimir Stasov.

Establishment

The cemetery opened in 1823 to relieve overcrowding in the monastery's Lazarevskoe Cemetery. Initially called the "New Lazarevsky" (Russian: Ново-Лазаревским), it quickly expanded to cover a large area. Its cemetery church was consecrated in 1871 in the name of the icon of the Tikhvin Mother of God, from which the cemetery took its name.[1][2][3] Burials initially took place in the eastern part of the cemetery, and in 1826 the writer Nikolay Karamzin was buried in the cemetery, followed in 1833 by Nikolay Gnedich, a contemporary of Alexander Pushkin's.[4][5][6] From then on a number of figures associated with the arts' world were buried there, including Pushkin's contemporaries Ivan Krylov, Pyotr Vyazemsky, Pyotr Pletnyov, and Alexey Olenin.[4][7] In 1844 another contemporary poet of Pushkin's, Yevgeny Baratynsky, was buried in the cemetery.[8]

Over time the cemetery became a popular and prestigious burial ground for those of many areas of society. The wealthy merchant A.I. Kosikovsky was buried under a monumental sarcophagus on a high pedestal surmounted by a canopy on eight fluted columns.[4] Opposite it stood a similarly grand monument to the statesman Pavel Demidov, which has since been lost.[4] In 1857 the remains of the composer Mikhail Glinka were returned from Berlin and buried in the cemetery, with a grand monument erected two years later to the design of architect I. I. Gornostayev, with sculptures by Nikolai Laveretsky.[4][9] On 1 February 1881 the author Fyodor Dostoevsky was buried in the cemetery, with a similarly large monument.[4][10] During the 1880s composers Modest Mussorgsky and Alexander Borodin were buried in the northern part of the grounds, with Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky following in 1891.[4][11][12][13]

By the beginning of the 20th century the Tikhvin cemetery contained 1,325 monuments of various designs and sizes, including monumental crosses on pedestals, sarcophagi and steles.[2] There were several family plots with chapels and large crypts of granite and marble.[2]

Soviet necropolis

During the early Soviet period a number of monuments were stolen or destroyed. The cemetery was officially closed for burials in 1927, though they continued until 1932, and it was decided to turn it into a necropolis museum, displaying historically and artistically significant graves.[2][1] Alongside this was concept of gathering together the graves of the friends and contemporaries of Alexander Pushkin for the 1937 centenary commemorations of the poet's death. The architectural and planning department of Lensovet, the city administration, was tasked with creating a memorial park project.[2] Plans were drawn up by architects E.N. Sandler and E.K. Reimers, with further input from the city's chief architect L.A. Ilyin.[2] The Funeral Affair Trust was established to run the necropolis museum, including removing abandoned gravestones for sale as building materials.[4] The reconstruction radically altered the nature and appearance of the Tikhvin cemetery. With the intention being to create an "artists' necropolis", graves of those from other sections of society were removed. Fewer than a hundred of the original monuments were preserved.[2] Meanwhile the remains of prominent artists, sculptors, composers and musicians were reburied in the cemetery. Among them were personal friends of Pushkin, including Konstantin Danzas, Anton Delvig, and Fyodor Matyushkin.[2]

The organisers were faced with the problem that despite designating the cemetery to be the artists' necropolis, historically the Tikhvin had primarily been the burial ground of statesmen, military leaders, scientists, and composers.[4] There were relatively few graves of writers, who had tended to prefer the Smolensky Cemetery; or artists, who had traditionally chosen the Nikolskoe or Novodevichy Cemetery.[4] This necessitated the transfer of a large number of burials and monuments, which took place in two main periods, from 1936 to 1941 and from 1948 to 1952.[4] There were also several burials of prominent Soviet citizens, as the cemetery gained the status of an urban pantheon.[2] Those buried here included the scientist Sergey Lebedev in 1934, artist Mikhail Avilov in 1954, and actor Nikolay Cherkasov in 1966. In 1972 the remains of the composer Alexander Glazunov were transferred from Paris.[2] In 1968 Fyodor Dostoevsky's wife Anna Dostoevskaya was reburied next to her husband, while theatre director Georgy Tovstonogov was interred in the cemetery in 1989. So far Tovstonogov's has been the last burial to take place in the cemetery.[2][4]

Military

Image Name Born Died Occupation Monument Reference
Konstantin Danzas18011870Military officer, Major General, friend of Alexander Pushkin. Originally buried in the Vyborg Roman Catholic cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936. Monument is not the original.[14]
Fyodor Dubasov18451912Naval officer, admiral, Pacific Ocean Squadron, Moscow uprising of 1905, Governor-General of Moscow.[15]
Yuri Lisyansky17731837Naval officer and explorer, first Russian circumnavigation of the Earth.[16]
Valerian Madatov17821829Military officer, lieutenant general, Russo-Turkish War, Russo-Persian War. Monument is not original.[17]
Fyodor Matyushkin17991872Naval officer, admiral, explorer, associate of Alexander Pushkin. Ferdinand von Wrangel, Russo-Turkish War, Chairman of the Naval Scientific Committee, senator. Originally buried in the Smolensky Lutheran Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1950.[18]
Alexander Mikhailovsky-Danilevsky17891848Military officer, Lieutenant General, senator, military writer, historian and author.[19]
Pyotr Ricord17761855Naval officer, admiral, traveller, scientist, diplomat, writer, shipbuilder, statesman, and public figure.[20]
Zinovy Rozhestvensky18481909Naval officer, admiral, Russo-Japanese War, Second Pacific Squadron, Battle of Tsushima.[21]
Alexander Sablukov17831857Military officer, Lieutenant General, engineer and inventor. Centrifugal fan, centrifugal pump.[22]
Alexei Senyavin17161797Naval officer, admiral, Russo-Turkish War, Admiralty Board. Originally buried in the Lazarevskoe Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1831.[23]

Scientists

Image Name Born Died Occupation Monument Reference
Sergey Lebedev18741934Chemist, inventor of polybutadiene synthetic rubber. Women's Pedagogical Institute, Saint Petersburg Academy for Military Medicine, Soviet Academy of Sciences, Order of Lenin.[24]
Ivan Tarkhanov18461908Physiologist and science populariser. Head of the Department of Physiology at the Academy of Military Medicine, discovery of the skin galvanic reflex, influence of X-rays on the central nervous system, animal behavior, the heart and circulation, and embryonic development.[25]

Statesmen and politicians

Image Name Born Died Occupation Monument Reference
Alexander Abaza18211895Liberal advisor of Alexander II of Russia. Minister of finance, State Comptroller, chairman of State Council's Department of the State Economy.[26]
Dmitry Bludov17851864Statesman, Deputy Education Minister, Minister of Justice, Minister of the Interior, Chief of the Second Section, President of the Academy of Sciences, Chairman of the State Council. Founding member of the Arzamas Society, Ambassador to Britain.[27]
Pavel Demidov17981840Statesman, noble, military officer, battle of Borodino, governor of Kursk province, founder of the Demidov Prize, State Councillor.[28]
Ivan Durnovo18351903Statesman, Chairman of the Council of Ministers, Governor of Chernigov Governorate and Yekaterinoslav Governorate, Deputy Minister of Interior.[29]
Pyotr Kikin17751834Statesman, military officer, general. Battle of Borodino, Battle of Lützen. Secretary of State, chairman of the Imperial Society for the Encouragement of the Arts, member of the Free Economic Society.[19]
Alexey Olenin17631843Military officer, artist, archaeologist, historian and writer, director of the Imperial Public Library, president of the Imperial Academy of Arts.[7]
Dmitry Sipyagin18531902Statesman, Governor of Courland and Governor of Moscow. Deputy of the Minister of State Property, Deputy of the Minister of Interior, Executive Director on the petitions of the Imperial Chancellery, Director of the Ministry of Interior, Minister of Interior.[30]
Mikhail Speransky17721839Statesman, reformist, Government reform of Alexander I, Governor of Penza, and Governor-General of Siberia, codification of Russian law.[31]
Pyotr Valuyev18151890Statesman, writer. Minister of State Assets, Chairman of the Council of Ministers.[32]

Architects

Image Name Born Died Occupation Monument Reference
Vasily Stasov17691848Architect, Gruzino estate, Pushkin Lyceum, Chinese Village, Office of the Police Chief. Transfiguration and Trinity cathedrals, Moscow and Narva Gates.[33]


Composers and musicians

Image Name Born Died Occupation Monument Reference
Vasily Andreyev18611918Composer, musician, balalaika, traditional folk music and instruments. Originally buried in the Nikolskoe Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936.[34]
Anton Arensky18611906Composer, pianist, Romantic classical music, professor of music.[35]
Alexander Arkhangelsky18461924Composer, conductor, Church music. Originally buried in Prague, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1925.[36]
Mily Balakirev18371910Composer, pianist, conductor. Musical nationalism, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Mikhail Glinka.[37]
Mitrofan Belyayev18361904Music publisher, philanthropist. Founder of the Belyayev circle. Originally buried in the Novodevichy Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936. Monument is not original.[38]
Alexander Borodin18331887Romantic composer, "The Mighty Handful", In the Steppes of Central Asia, Prince Igor. Noted chemist, organic synthesis, nucleophilic substitution, co-discoverer of the aldol reaction.[13]
Dmitry Bortniansky17511825Composer, harpsichordist and conductor. Liturgical works and choral concertos. Originally buried in the Smolensky Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1939. Monument is not original.[39]
Angiolina Bosio18301859Operatic soprano, works of Giuseppe Verdi. Originally buried in the Vyborg Roman Catholic cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1939.[40]
Catterino Cavos17751840Operatic composer, organist and conductor, father of Alberto Cavos. Opera Ivan Susanin. Originally buried in the Volkovo Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936.[41]
César Cui18351918Composer and music critic, member of the Belyayev circle and The Five. Army officer, Engineer-General, fortifications. Originally buried in the Smolensky Lutheran Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936.[42]
Alexander Dargomyzhsky18131869Composer, operas Esmeralda, Rusalka, The Stone Guest. Original monument destroyed in a hurricane in 1955. New monument installed in 1961.[43]
Alexander Glazunov18651936Composer, music teacher, conductor of the late Russian Romantic period. Director of the Saint Petersburg Conservatory. Originally buried in France, monument installed in 1951. Reburied in the Tikhvin in 1972, monument transferred in 1975.[44]
Mikhail Glinka18041857Composer, Ruslan and Lyudmila. Initially buried in Berlin.[9]
Herman Laroche18351904Composer, music critic, Saint Petersburg Conservatory, professor of music history and theory at the Moscow Conservatory. Monument is not original.[45]
Grigory Lishin18541888Composer, poet, theatre critic. Operas Graf Nulin and Tsigane. Monument is not original.[46]
Anatoly Lyadov18551914Composer, teacher and conductor. Originally buried at the Novodevichy Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936. Monument is not original.[47]
Ivan Melnikov18321906Baritone opera singer. Mariinsky Theatre, operas of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Originally buried at the Novodevichy Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936.[48]
Modest Mussorgsky18391881Composer, one of "The Five". Opera Boris Godunov, Night on Bald Mountain, Pictures at an Exhibition.[12]
Osip Petrov18061878Operatic bass-baritone, Mariinsky Theatre. Originally buried at the Smolensky Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936.[49]
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov18441908Composer, member of The Five. Capriccio Espagnol, Russian Easter Festival Overture, Scheherazade. Originally buried in the Novodevichy Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936.[50]
Anton Rubinstein18291894Pianist, composer and conductor. Founded the Saint Petersburg Conservatory. Originally buried in the Nikolskoe Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1939. Monument is not original.[51]
Alexander Serov18201871Composer and music critic. Operas Judith and Rogneda.[52]
Pyotr Tchaikovsky18401893Composer. Swan Lake, Eugene Onegin, The Queen of Spades, The Seasons.[11]
Aleksandr Verzhbilovich18501911Classical cellist. Saint Petersburg Conservatory, Russian Imperial Opera Orchestra, Saint Petersburg String Quartet. Monument is not original.[53]
Anna Yesipova18511914Pianist. Royal Prussian Court Pianist, Professor at the Saint Petersburg Conservatory. Originally buried in the Nikolskoe Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1948. Monument is not original.[54]

Actors, actresses and dancers

Image Name Born Died Occupation Monument Reference
Varvara Asenkova18171841Stage actress, Imperial Theatres. Originally buried in the Smolensky Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936. Monument bust destroyed by bomb in 1943 during the siege of Leningrad. Replaced with a copy in 1955.[55]
Nikolay Cherkasov19031966Actor, People's Artist of the USSR. Mariinsky Theatre, Bolshoi Theatre, Young Spectator's Theatre. Films of Sergei Eisenstein, Alexander Nevsky, Ivan the Terrible, Stalin Prize.[56]
Ivan Dmitrevsky17341821Actor, Russian Neoclassicism, tragedian. Plays of Alexander Sumarokov, Russian Academy. Originally buried in the Volkovsky Orthodox cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1939. Monument is not original.[57]
Pyotr Karatygin18051879Actor, playwright. Woe from Wit, head of Drama department in Theatre College. Originally buried in the Smolensky Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936.[58]
Vasily Karatygin18021853Actor, Russian Romanticism. Bolshoi Theatre, Alexandrinsky Theatre. Originally buried in the Smolensky Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936.[58]
Eugenia Kolosova17801869Ballerina, Imperial Theatres. Originally buried in the Smolensky Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936. Monument is not original.[59]
Vera Komissarzhevskaya18641910Actress and theatre manager. Alexandrinsky Theatre. Originally buried in the Nikolskoe Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936.[60]
Vera Michurina-Samoilova18661948Actress, People's Artist of the USSR. Alexandrinsky Theatre. Light Without Heat, A Month in the Country, The Cherry Orchard, Intrigue and Love. USSR State Prize, Order of Lenin.[61]
Marius Petipa18181910Ballet dancer, pedagogue and choreographer. Imperial Ballet. The Pharaoh's Daughter, Le Réveil de Flore, Raymonda. Originally buried in the Volkovo Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1948, monument installed in 1988.[62]
Vasily Samoylov18131887Stage actor, opera singer, Alexandrinsky Theatre. Originally buried in the Novodevichy Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936.[63]
Nikolai Sazonov18431902Stage actor, opera singer, Alexandrinsky Theatre. Originally buried in the Nikolskoe Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936.[64]
Ekaterina Semenova17861849Actress. Originally buried in the Mitrofanyevsky Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936. Monument is not original.[65]
Nymphodora Semenova17871876Opera singer, Imperial Theatres. Originally buried in the Novodevichy Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936. Monument is not original.[66]
Fyodor Stravinsky18431902Bass opera singer and actor, father of Igor Stravinsky. Originally buried in the Novodevichy Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936.[67]
Polina Strepetova18501903Stage actress, tragic roles. Originally buried in the Nikolskoe Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936. Monument is not original.[68]
Georgy Tovstonogov19151989Theatre director, Tovstonogov Bolshoi Drama Theater, People's Artist of the USSR. Three Stalin Prizes, two Orders of Lenin, The Profession of the Stage-Director.[69]
Ivan Yershov18671943Opera singer, tenor, Mariinsky Theatre. Originally buried in Tashkent, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1956.[70]

Artists and painters

Image Name Born Died Occupation Monument Reference
Mikhail Avilov18821954Painter, member of the Leningrad Union of Soviet Artists, professor of the Repin Institute of Arts, Stalin Prize, People's Artist of the RSFSR, Leningrad School of Painting.[71]
Alexey Bogolyubov18241896Landscape painter, Imperial Academy of Arts. Originally buried in the Malokhtinsky Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin prior to 1941.[72]
Fyodor Bruni17991875Artist and painter, Imperial Academy of Arts, Accademia di Belle Arti di Firenze, Accademia di San Luca. Originally buried in the Vyborg Roman Catholic Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936.[73]
Vasily Demut-Malinovsky17791846Sculptor, Empire style, Imperial Academy of Arts Kazan Cathedral, Alexander Column, General Staff Building, Bourse, Admiralty, Mining Institute, Narva Gate, Mikhailovsky Palace. Originally buried in the Smolensky Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1940.[74]
Pavel Fedotov18151852Amateur painter, the "Russian Hogarth". Originally buried in the Smolensky Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1939. Monument is not original.[75]
Konstantin Flavitsky18301866Painter, Imperial Academy of Arts. Originally buried in the Smolensky Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936. Monument is not original.[76]
Alexander Ivanov18061858Painter, neoclassicism, The Appearance of Christ Before the People. Originally buried in the Novodevichy Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1940.[77]
Peter Clodt von Jürgensburg18051867Sculptor, Horse Tamers on the Anichkov Bridge, statuary of the Narva Triumphal Gate, quadriga above the portico of the Bolshoi Theatre, Monument to Nicholas I. Originally buried in the Smolensky Lutheran Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936. Monument is not original, and dates from the 1840s.[78]
Alexei Korzukhin18351894Genre painter, Imperial Academy of Fine Arts, Realism, Peredvizhniki, Artel of Artists, teacher at the Imperial Society for the Encouragement of the Arts. Originally buried in the Nikolskoe Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1940. Monument is not original.[79]
Ivan Kramskoi18371887Painter and art critic, Peredvizhniki, Artel of Artists, Christ in the Desert. Originally buried in the Smolensky Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1939. Monument is not original.[80]
Arkhip Kuindzhi18421910Landscape painter, realist, Peredvizhniki, Imperial Academy of Arts. Originally buried in the Smolensky Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1952.[81]
Boris Kustodiev18781927Painter and stage designer, Imperial Academy of Arts. The Beauty, Portrait of Chaliapin.[82]
Boris Orlovsky17961837Neoclassical sculptor. Statues of Kutuzov and Barclay de Tolly at the Kazan Cathedral, angel on the Alexander Column. Originally buried in the Smolensky Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936.[83]
Anna Ostroumova-Lebedeva18711955Artist, watercolor painting. Pioneer of the woodcut technique. Mir iskusstva.[84]
Stepan Pimenov17841833Sculptor, Imperial Academy of Arts, Kazan Cathedral, Imperial Porcelain Factory, Mining Institute, Admiralty building, General Staff Building. Originally buried in the Smolensky Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936, monument erected in 1939.[85]
Luigi Premazzi18141891Painter, mainly of watercolor vedute. Originally buried in the Vyborg Roman Catholic Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1940.[86]
Ivan Shishkin18321898Landscape painter, Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, Imperial Academy of Arts. Peredvizhniki, Morning in a Pine Forest. Originally buried in the Smolensky Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1950.[87]
Nikolai Utkin17801863Graphic artist, engraver and illustrator, curator of prints at the Hermitag, superintendent of the museum at the Imperial Academy of Arts. Originally buried in the Smolensky Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936.[88]
Alexander Varnek17821843Portrait painter, professor and advisor at the Imperial Academy of Arts. Originally buried in the Smolensky Lutheran Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936. Monument is not original.[89]
Ivan Vitali17941855Sculptor, Imperial Academy of Arts. Statues for Triumphal Arch of Moscow, fountain of the Bolshoi Theatre, bas-reliefs above the doors of Saint Isaac's Cathedral, outdoor bronze statue of Emperor Paul in Gatchina. Originally buried in the Volkovo Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936.[90]
Maksim Vorobyov17871855Landscape painter. Originally buried in the Smolensky Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936.[91]
Alexei Yegorovc. 17761851Painter, draftsman and professor of history painting. Originally buried in the Smolensky Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936. Monument is not original.[92]

Writers and poets

Image Name Born Died Occupation Monument Reference
Yevgeny Baratynsky18001844Elegiac poet. Symbolism.[8]
Anton Delvig17981831Poet, journalist, friend of Alexander Pushkin. Neoclassicism, Russian folk songs. Editor of Northern Flowers and Literaturnaya Gazeta. Originally buried in the Volkovo Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1934.[93]
Fyodor Dostoevsky18211881Novelist, short story writer, essayist, journalist and philosopher. Crime and Punishment, The Idiot, The Brothers Karamazov, Notes from Underground.[10]
Anna Dostoevskaya18461918Memoirist, philatelist, stenographer, assistant, and the second wife of Fyodor Dostoevsky. Anna Dostoyevskaya's Diary, Memoirs of Anna Dostoyevskaya.[10]
Nikolay Gnedich17841833Poet and translator, The Fishers, translation of the Iliad.[6]
Ivan Gorbunov18311896Writer and stage actor, forefather of Russian "literary theatre", Maly Theatre, Alexandrinsky Theatre, Scenes from the People's Life, theatre historian. Originally buried in the Nikolskoe Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936. Monument is from 1951.[94]
Alexander Izmaylov17791831Fabulist, poet, novelist, publisher, pedagogue, vice-governor of Tver and Arkhangelsk Governorates. Russian Enlightenment. Originally buried in the Smolensky Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936. Monument is not original, but typical of the 1830s.[95]
Nikolay Karamzin17661826Writer, poet, historian and critic. History of the Russian State.[5]
Evtikhy Karpov18571926Playwright and theatre director. Early Autumn, Alexandrinsky Theatre, Griboyedov Prize, Meritorious Theatre Director of the Republic. Originally buried in the Nikolskoe Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in 1936. Monument is not original.[96]
Ivan Kozlov17791840Romantic poet and translator.[97]
Ivan Krylov17691844Fabulist, dramatist and journalist.[98]
Elisabeth Kulmann18081825Poet and translator. Originally buried in the Smolensky Cemetery, transferred to the Tikhvin in the 1930s.[99]
Pyotr Pletnyov17921866Poet and literary critic, dean of Saint Petersburg University, academician of Petersburg Academy of Sciences, friend of Alexander Pushkin, editor of Sovremennik. Monument is not original.[100]
Nikolay Shcherbina18211869Poet, Grecheskie stikhotvoreniya.[101]
Vladimir Stasov18241906Critic, Imperial Academy of Arts, honorary fellow of the Russian Academy of Sciences.[102]
Pyotr Vyazemsky17921878Poet, Golden Age of Russian Poetry, Romanticism. Friend of Alexander Pushkin. Monument is not original.[103]
Vasily Zhukovsky17831852Poet, writer, translator, Arzamas Society, friend of Alexander Pushkin.[104]

References

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  33. "Стасов Василий Петрович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  34. "Андреев Василий Васильевич". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  35. "Аренский Антон Степанович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  36. "Архангельский Александр Андреевич". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  37. "Балакирев Милий Алексеевич". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  38. "Беляев Митрофан Петрович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  39. "Бортнянский Дмитрий Степанович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  40. "Бозио (в замужестве - Ксиндавельнис) Анжела". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  41. "Кавос Катарино Альбертович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  42. "Кюи Цезарь Антонович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  43. "Даргомыжский Александр Сергеевич". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  44. "Глазунов Александр Константинович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  45. "Ларош Герман Августович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  46. "Лишин Григорий Андреевич". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  47. "Лядов Анатолий Константинович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  48. "Мельников Иван Александрович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  49. "Петров Осип Афанасьевич". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  50. "Римский-Корсаков Николай Андреевич". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  51. "Рубинштейн Антон Григорьевич". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  52. "Серов Александр Николаевич". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  53. "Вержбилович Александр Валерианович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  54. "Есипова-Лешетицкая Анна Николаевна". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  55. "Асенкова Варвара Николаевна". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  56. "Черкасов Николай Константинович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  57. "Дмитриевский Иван Афанасьевич". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  58. "Каратыгин Василий Андреевич". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  59. "Колосова (Неелова) Евгения Ивановна". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  60. "Комиссаржевская Вера Федоровна". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  61. "Мичурина-Самойлова Вера Аркадьевна". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  62. "Петипа Мариус Иванович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  63. "Самойлов Василий Васильевич". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  64. "Сазонов Николай Фёдорович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  65. "Семенова (княгиня Гагарина) Екатерина Семеновна". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  66. "Семенова (в замужестве Лестерлен) Нимфодора Семёновна". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  67. "Стравинский Федор Игнатьевич". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  68. "Стрепетова Пелагея Антипьевна". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  69. "Товстоногов Георгий Александрович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  70. "Ершов Иван Васильевич". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  71. "Авилов Михаил Иванович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  72. "Боголюбов Алексей Петрович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  73. "Бруни Федор (Фиделио) Антонович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  74. "Демут-Малиновский Василий Иванович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  75. "Федотов Павел Андреевич". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  76. "Флавицкий Константин Дмитриевич". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  77. "Иванов Александр Андреевич". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  78. "Клодт фон Юргенсбург Петр Карлович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  79. "Корзухин Алексей Иванович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  80. "Крамской Иван Николаевич". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  81. "Куинджи Архип Иванович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  82. "Кустодиев Борис Михайлович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  83. "Орловский (Смирнов) Борис Иванович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  84. "Остроумова-Лебедева Анна Петровна". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  85. "Пименов Степан Степанович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  86. "Премацци Людвиг Осипович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  87. "Шишкин Иван Иванович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  88. "Уткин Николай Иванович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  89. "Варнек Александр Григорьевич". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  90. "Витали Иван Петрович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  91. "Воробьев Максим Никифорович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  92. "Егоров Алексей Егорович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  93. "Дельвиг Антон Антонович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  94. "Горбунов Иван Федорович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  95. "Измайлов Александр Ефимович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  96. "Карпов Евтихий Павлович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  97. "Козлов Иван Иванович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  98. "Крылов Иван Андреевич". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  99. "Кульман Елизавета Борисовна". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  100. "Плетнев Петр Александрович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  101. "Щербина Николай Федорович". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  102. "Стасов Владимир Васильевич". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  103. "Вяземский Петр Андреевич". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  104. "Жуковский Василий Андреевич". lavraspb.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 26 April 2019.

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