List of biographical dictionaries

This is an incomplete list of biographical dictionaries.


  • A Biographical Dictionary of Railway Engineers
  • Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right Since 1890
  • Akyeampong, Emmanuel and Gates, Henry Louis, Jr., eds. Dictionary of African Biography (Oxford, 2012)
  • Amit, Vered, Biographical Dictionary of Social and Cultural Anthropology.
  • Anderson, Gerald with Robert Coote, eds, Biographical Dictionary of Christian Missions, Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans, 1999. ISBN 0-8028-4680-7. ISBN 978-0-8028-4680-8.
  • Anderson, Roger, Psychics, Sensitives, and Somnambules: A Biographical Dictionary with Bibliographies, Jefferson / London: McFarland, 2006. ISBN 0-7864-2770-1.
  • Arestis & Sawyer, A Biographical Dictionary of Dissenting Economists.
  • Baker, Theodore & Alfred Remy, Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians.
  • Biographical Dictionary of Evangelicals.
  • Biographical Dictionary of Organists, Composers for Organ and Organ Builders[1]
  • Biographical Dictionary 17th, 18th, and 19th century European Mennonite church leaders, The Mennonite Quarterly Review,[2]
  • Brown, Stuart, Biographical Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Philosophers, edited by Robert Wilkinson and Diane Collinson.
  • Browning, D. C. Everyman's Dictionary of Literary Biography: English & American. Compiled after John W Cousin. London: J. M. Dent & Sons Ltd. New York: E. P. Dutton & Co. Inc. First published 1958. Revised edition. 1960.
  • Carey, Patrick & Joseph Lienhard, Biographical Dictionary of Christian Theologians.
  • Chambers Biographical Dictionary, ISBN 978-0-550-10693-3.
  • Claghorn, Charles Eugene, Women Composers and Songwriters: a concise biographical dictionary.
  • Cohn-Sherbok, Daniel, Dictionary of Jewish Biography.
  • Cousin, John William, 1910, A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature, London: J. M. Dent & Sons; New York: E. P. Dutton.
  • Crystal, David, ed, The Cambridge Biographical Dictionary.
  • De Haan, Deskalova, Loutfi, De Haan, A Biographical Dictionary of Women's Movements and Feminisms: Central, Eastern and South Eastern Europe, 19th and 20th Centuries.
  • Dictionary of Art Historians: A Biographical Dictionary of Historic Scholars, Museum Professionals and Academic Historians of Art
  • Dictionary of Scientific Biography
  • Drees, Clayton, The Late Medieval Age of Crisis and Renewal, 1300–1500: A Biographical Dictionary.
  • Encyclopedia of World Biography, 17 volumes, Gale, 1997. ISBN 0-7876-2546-9. ISBN 978-0-7876-2546-7.
  • Frank, Jane, Science Fiction and Fantasy Artists of the Twentieth Century: A Biographical Dictionary.
  • Fredriksen, John, Biographical Dictionary of Modern World Leaders.
  • Freeland, David, Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Popular Musicians Since 1990.
  • General Dictionary, Historical and Critical London, J. Bettenham, 1735-41
  • Harvey, Joy, The Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science, edited by Marilyn Ogilvie and Joy Harvey. ISBN 0-415-92038-8. ISBN 978-0-415-92038-4.
  • Highfill, Burnim, Langhans, A Biographical Dictionary of Actors.
  • Hinnells, John, Who's Who of World Religions, Macmillan. ISBN 0-14-051349-3.
  • Ibn Khallikān. Ibn Khallikan's Biographical dictionary, 1. 2. 3. 4. M. de Slane trans. Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland, 1843.
  • Ingamells, John (compiler). A Dictionary of British and Irish Travellers in Italy 1701 - 1800. Compiled from the Brinsley Ford Archive. Published for the Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art by Yale University Press. New Haven and London. 1997. ISBN 0 300 07165 5.
  • International Biographical Centre, Dictionary of International Biography.
  • International Biographical Centre, 2000 Outstanding Intellectuals of the 21st Century.
  • International Biographical Centre, Who's Who of Women.
  • Keene, Henry George, An oriental biographical dictionary: founded on materials collected by the late Thomas William Beale, W.H. Allen, 1894
  • International Encyclopedia of Women Composers, Aaron I Cohen, 1981.[3]
  • Kiernan, T, Who's Who in the History of Philosophy, New York, 1965.
  • Lentz, Harris, Biographical Dictionary of Professional Wrestling.
  • Lewis, James, Peculiar Prophets: A Biographical Dictionary of New Religions, Paragon. ISBN 1-55778-768-9.
  • McCabe, Joseph, A Biographical Dictionary of Ancient, Medieval, and Modern Freethinkers.
  • McCabe, Joseph, A Biographical Dictionary of Modern Rationalists, London: Watts, 1920.
  • McNeil, Ian, Biographical Dictionary of the History of Technology, edited by Lance Day and Ian McNeil. ISBN 0-415-19399-0. ISBN 978-0-415-19399-3.
  • Mitchell, Sarah, Elizabeth Tootill, Derek Gjertsen, and John Daintith, Biographical Encyclopedia of Scientists, Taylor & Francis, 1994. ISBN 0-7503-0287-9. ISBN 978-0-7503-0287-6.
  • Pleasants, Helene et al., eds, The Biographical Dictionary of Parapsychology, New York: Helix, Garrett, 1964.
  • Porter, Roy, The Biographical Dictionary of Scientists, 1994. ISBN 0-19-521083-2 | ISBN 978-0-19-521083-5.
  • Powell, John, Biographical Dictionary of Literary Influences: The Nineteenth Century, 1800–1914.
  • Randel, Don Michael, ed, The Harvard Biographical Dictionary of Music, Harvard University Press.
  • Rappaport, Helen, Encyclopedia of Women Social Reformers.
  • Ratcliffe, Susan, People on People: The Oxford Dictionary of Biographical Quotations.
  • Roszkowski % Kofman, Biographical Dictionary of Central and Eastern Europe in the Twentieth Century.
  • Saunders, J.W.W., A Biographical Dictionary of Renaissance Poets and Dramatists, 1520–1650.
  • Saur, K.G., International Biographical Dictionary of Central European Emigres 1933–1945.
  • Sheehy, Chapman, Conroy, eds, Biographical Dictionary of Psychology
  • Simpson, A. W. B., ed., Biographical Dictionary of the Common Law, London: Butterworths, 1984.
  • Slonimsky, Nicolas, Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians.
  • Slonimsky, Nicolas, Baker's Biographical Dictionary of 20th Century Classical Musicians, edited by Laura Kuhn.
  • Smith, Bonnie G., The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History, Oxford University Press, 2008. ISBN 978-0-19-514890-9
  • Sterling, Keir Brooks, Richard Harmond, George Cevasco, Lorne Hammond, eds, 1997, Biographical Dictionary of American and Canadian Naturalists and Environmentalists, Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood, 1997. ISBN 0-313-23047-1
  • Taitz, Emily, Holocaust Survivors: A Biographical Dictionary, Greenwood, 2007. ISBN 978-0-313-33676-8. ISBN 978-0-313-06343-5
  • Thomas, H, Biographical Encyclopedia of Philosophy, New York, 1965.
  • Thomson, David, The New Biographical Dictionary of Film. ISBN 978-0-307-27174-7.
  • Union of International Associations, ed, International Biographical Dictionary of Religion, Munich: KG Saur Verlag, 1994. ISBN 3-598-11100-2.
  • Universal Biographical Dictionary, Hartford: S. Andrus & Son, 1850.
  • Webster's New Biographical Dictionary, Springfield, Massachusetts: Merriam-Webster Inc. ISBN 0-87779-543-6
  • Weinberg, Robert, Biographical Dictionary of Science Fiction and Fantasy Artists.
  • Wheeler, Joseph Mazzini, A Biographical Dictionary of Freethinkers of All Ages and Nations.
  • Who's Who in the World
  • Wigoder, Geoffrey, Dictionary of Jewish Biography.
  • Williams, Trevor I (editor). A Biographical Dictionary of Scientists. Adam & Charles Black. London. First Edition. 1969. Second Edition. 1974. ISBN 0 7136 1511 7.
  • World Biographical Information System Online
  • World Military Leaders: A Biographical Dictionary.
  • World War I Biographical Dictionary
  • Wright, Jonathan, Shapers of the Great Debate on the Freedom of Religion: A Biographical Dictionary, Greenwood, 2005. ISBN 0-313-31889-1.



  • Biographie Nationale de Belgique (1866–1986)
  • Nouvelle Biographie Nationale (1988-)
  • Nationaal Biografisch Woordenboek (1964-)
  • Biographie Coloniale Belge, later Biographie Belge d'Outre-Mer (1948–2015)
  • Encyclopédie du Mouvement wallon (2000–2010)
  • Encyclopedie van de Vlaamse Beweging (1975)
  • Nieuwe Encyclopedie van de Vlaamse Beweging (1998)
  • De Belgische Beeldende Kunstenaars uit de 19de en 20ste eeuw (1999)


China and Chinese

  • Biographical Dictionary of Chinese Christianity[5]
  • Howard L. Boorman, Richard C. Howard and Joseph K. H. Cheng, eds. Biographical Dictionary of Republican China. (New York: Columbia University Press, 4 Vols. 1967- ). ISBN 0231089570 (v. 3) 0231089589 (v. 4).
  • Brown, Kerry et al., eds, Berkshire Dictionary of Chinese Biography, 4 volumes, Great Barrington, Massachusetts: Berkshire, 2012. ISBN 978-1-933782-66-9.
  • De Crespigny, Rafe, A Biographical Dictionary of Later Han to the Three Kingdoms (23-220 AD), Brill. ISBN 978-90-04-15605-0. ISBN 90-04-15605-4.
  • Herbert Allen Giles. A Chinese Biographical Dictionary. (London, Shanghai,: B. Quaritch; Kelly & Walsh, 1898) rpr. Taipei: Chʻeng-Wen Publishing Company.
  • Goodrich L. Carrington, Fang Zhaoying, eds. Dictionary of Ming Biography, 1368–1644. (New York: Columbia University Press, 2 vols. 1976). Vol I ISBN 0231038011 Vol II ISBN 9780231038331.
  • Arthur W. Hummel, Sr., Eminent Chinese of the Ch'ing Period. Washington, D.C. 1943.
  • Donald W. Klein and Anne B. Clark, eds. Biographic Dictionary of Chinese Communism 1921–1965. (Cambridge, Mass., 2 vols. 1971).
  • Leung & Leung, Political Leaders of Modern China: A Biographical Dictionary.
  • Loewe, Michael, A Biographical Dictionary of the Qin, Former Han and Xin Periods (221 BC - AD 24), Leiden: Brill, 2000, ISBN 90-04-10364-3
  • Lee Xiao Hong & A.D. Stefanowska, Biographical Dictionary of Chinese Women.
  • Zhang, Wenxian & Ilan Alon, eds, Biographical Dictionary of New Chinese Entrepreneurs and Business Leaders, 2009. ISBN 1-84720-636-0. ISBN 978-1-84720-636-7.
  • Zhongguo renming dacidian. 1921–present

Czech Republic

  • Československý biografický slovník (1 volume, 1992; contains ca 10,000 biographical articles)
  • Biografický slovník českých zemí (BSČZ, 19 fascicles (A–Gn), 2004– ; complete dictionary will have ca 25,000 biographical articles)


  • Engelstoft, Povl; Dahl, Svend, ed. (1979–84): Dansk biografisk leksikon (Danish Biographical Dictionary), 3rd edition in 16 volumes, Copenhagen, Gyldendal, ISBN 978-8700055513. Online access to the current updated version, is available from Gyldendal's Den Store Danske website. (in Danish)
  • Larsen, Jytte (ed) (2001), Dansk kvindebiografisk leksikon (Biographical Dictionary of Danish Women), Volumes 1-3, Copenhagen, Rosinante. ISBN 9788773574874. The searchable online edition contains over 1,900 biographies from the Middle Ages to the present. (in Danish)


  • David & David, A Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt.
  • Goldschmidt, Arthur, Biographical Dictionary of Modern Egypt.


  • Nouvelle Biographie Générale (1853 to 1866), 42 volumes.
  • Dictionnaire de biographie des hommes célèbres de l'Alsace (1909–1910).
  • Dictionnaire de biographie française (1932).
  • Nouveau dictionnaire de biographie alsacienne (1982).

German-speaking Europe


  • Buckland, Charles Edward, Dictionary of Indian Biography.
  • Chattopadhyay, Anjana, Biographical Dictionary of Indian Scientists, Rupa, 2002. ISBN 81-7167-669-3.
  • Lethbridge, Roper, The Golden Book of India: A Genealogical and Biographical Dictionary of the Ruling Princes, Chiefs, Nobles, and Other Personages, Titled or Decorated, of the Indian Empire.
  • Nagar, Shantilal, Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Indian Rsis
  •  Rao, C. Hayavadana, ed. (1915). "Preface" . The Indian Biographical Dictionary (1st ed.). Madras: Pillar & Co..
  • Riddick, John, Who Was Who in British India.
  • Scholberg, Henry, Biographical Dictionary of Greater India.
  • Sharma, Jagdish Saran, The National Biographical Dictionary of India, New Delhi: Sterling, 1972.


Islamic world



  • Bingenheimer, Marcus, A Biographical Dictionary of the Japanese Student-Monks of the Seventh and Early Eighth Centuries, 2001. ISBN 978-3-89129-693-6.
  • Hisamatsu, Sen'ichi, Biographical Dictionary of Japanese Literature, Kodansha International Ltd. in collaboration with the International Society for Educational Information, 1976. ISBN 0 87011 253 8.
  • Iwao, Seiichi (supervising editor) & Watson, Burton (trans.), Biographical Dictionary of Japanese History, Kodansha International Ltd. in collaboration with the International Society for Educational Information, 1978. ISBN 0 87011 274 0.


  • Biographical Dictionary of Mexican Film Performers

Native North American

  • Bataille, Gretchen & Laurie Lisa, eds, Native American Women: A Biographical Dictionary.
  • Irvine, Biographical Dictionary of Indians of the Americas, 1990.
  • Bruce E. Johansen, Native Americans Today: A Biographical Dictionary, Santa Barbara, California: Greenwood.
  • Waldman, Carl, Biographical Dictionary of American Indian History to 1900, 2001. ISBN 0-8160-4253-5.


New Zealand



  • Regis, saneti, bellatores, scriptores Poloni - Krzysztof Warszewicki; 1601
  • Scriptorum Polonicorum Hekatontas seu centrum illustrum Poloniae scriptorum elogia et vitae - Szymon Starowolski; 1625
  • Laudatio Almae Aedemiae Cracoviensis - Szymon Starowolski; 1628
  • Polonia litterata nostri temporis - Jan Daniel Janocki; 1750
  • Polski słownik biograficzny - Władysław Konopczyński; 48 volumes, 1935-(2015)
  • Słownik biograficzny ziemi cieszyńskiej - Józef Golec & Stefania Bojda; 3 volumes, 1993, 1995, 1998
  • Słownik pisarzy polskich - Tadeusz Słabczyński; 2001
  • Słownik biograficzny Pomorza Nadwiślańskiego - Gdańsk 1992
  • Słownik biograficzny powiatu toruńskiego - Lubicz 2010
  • Słownik biograficzny XX wieku - Michał Czajka; 2004

Russia & Soviet Union

  • Parrish, Michael, Soviet Security and Intelligence Organizations 1917–1990
  • Pierce, Richard A., Russian America, 1741–1867, A Biographical Dictionary


  • Slovenski biografski leksikon (Dictionary of Slovene National Biography, set of 16 volumes); at first Zadružna gospodarska banka, later on Slovenska akademija znanosti in umetnosti, 1925-1991. From December 2013 a new edition on Portal Slovenska biografija free searchable. (in Slovene)
  • Bajt, Drago (1999), Slovenski kdo je kdo (Slovenian Who is Who), Ljubljana, Nova revija. (in Slovene) ISBN 961-6017-90-X



  • Karlsson, Åsa, ed. (2010) Svenskt biografiskt lexikon (Dictionary of Swedish National Biography), Stockholm, Riksarkivet. First published in 1917 (volume 1), today there are 33 volumes containing some 14,000 articles. Free searchable online access is available from Riksarkivet. (in Swedish)
  • Vem är det with the subtitle Svensk biografisk handbok (Swedish Biographical Handbook), has been published in 46 editions since 1912. Several of the editions are available in free online access from (in Swedish)



  • Khetsun Sangpo, bod du sgrub brgyad shing rta mched brgyad las (Biographical Dictionary of Tibet and Tibetan Buddhism), Dharmsala, Himachal Pradesh: Library of Tibetan Works and Archives, 12 volumes, 1973-1990.

United Kingdom

United States

  • African American National Biography Project
  • American Council of Learned Societies, Dictionary of American Biography, New York: Scribner. ISBN 0-684-80631-2. OCLC 4171403.
  • American National Biography
  • Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography
  • Biographical Dictionary of American Architects.
  • Biographical Dictionary of American Labor.
  • Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
  • Blake's Biographical Dictionary
  • Bowling, Lawson, Shapers of the Great Debate on the Great Society: A Biographical Dictionary.
  • Calarco, Tom, People of the Underground Railroad: A Biographical Dictionary.
  • Cosner & Scanlon, American Women Historians, 1700s-1990s: A Biographical Dictionary.
  • Dictionary of Cleveland Biography.
  • Encyclopedia of American Biography
  • Hall, Timothy, Supreme Court Justices: A Biographical Dictionary.
  • Hamilton, Neil & Ian Friedman, Presidents: Biographical Dictionary.
  • Hannings, Bud, American Revolutionary War Leaders: A Biographical Dictionary.
  • Hischak, Thomas, Disney Voice Actors: A Biographical Dictionary.
  • Homans, James, The Cyclopædia of American Biography, 1918.
  • Hudson, Bergman, Horton, Biographical Dictionary of Iowa, University of Iowa.
  • Katz & Vencill, Biographical Dictionary of the United States Secretaries of the Treasury, 1789-1995.
  • Kim, Cordova, Fugita, Ng, Singh, eds, Distinguished Asian Americans: A Biographical Dictionary, Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood, 1999.
  • Kranz, Rachel, The Biographical Dictionary of Black Americans.
  • Kranz, Rachel & Philip Koslow, The Biographical Dictionary of African Americans.
  • Mather, Frank Lincoln, Who's Who of the Colored Race: a general biographical dictionary of men and women of African descent, Chicago: 1915; 1976.
  • McCartney, Martha, Virginia Immigrants and Adventurers, 1607–1635: A Biographical Dictionary
  • Melton, John Gordon, Biographical Dictionary of American Cult and Sect Leaders, New York/London: Garland, 1986.
  • Moses, John, Biographical Dictionary and Portrait Gallery of the Representative Men of the United States.
  • Nadell, Pamela, Conservative Judaism in America: A Biographical Dictionary and Sourcebook.
  • New Jersey Biographical Dictionary.
  • Newman, Roger, ed, The Yale Biographical Dictionary of American Law, Yale University Press.
  • New Perspectives on the West: People,
  • Nolan, Cathal, Notable U.S. Ambassadors Since 1775: A Biographical Dictionary.
  • Notable American Women, 1607–1950; a Biographical Dictionary. Harvard University Press.
  • Ohles, Frederik, Shirley Ohles, and John Ramsay, Biographical Dictionary of Modern American Educators, 1997.
  • Olitzky, Kerry, Lance Sussman, and Malcolm Stern, Reform Judaism in America: A Biographical Dictionary and Sourcebook. ISBN 0-313-24628-9. ISBN 978-0-313-24628-9.
  • Porter, David, ed, Basketball: A Biographical Dictionary, Greenwood Press, 2005. ISBN 0-313-30952-3
  • Porter, David, Latino and African American Athletes Today: A Biographical Dictionary.
  • Samuels, Peggy, The Illustrated Biographical Encyclopedia of Artists of the American West, Doubleday.
  • Schneider & Schneider, First Ladies: A Biographical Dictionary.
  • Skipper, John, A Biographical Dictionary of the Baseball Hall of Fame.
  • The United States Biographical Dictionary and Portrait Gallery of Eminent and Self-made Men, Chicago & New York: American Biographical Publishing Company, 1878.
  • Wilson, Dreck Spurlock, African American Architects: A Biographical Dictionary, 1865–1945.
  • Who's Who in America, published by Marquis Who's Who
  • Who's Who in Nebraska (1940)


  3. Cohen, Aaron I. (1987). International encyclopedia of women composers. Books & Music USA. ISBN 978-0-9617485-0-0.
  6. E.g.
    • A Dictionary of Edwardian Biography: Northumberland. Edinburgh. 1985. ISBN 0946687 04 8. Reprint of the biographical part of W T Pike, Northumberland at the Opening of the Twentieth Century, Pike's New Century Series No 14, Brighton, 1905.
    • Bell, Peter (compiler). A Dictionary of Edwardian Biography: Master Index. Edinburgh. 1986. ISBN 0 946687 09 9.
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