List of battles and other violent events by death toll

This page lists mortalities from battles and individual military operations or acts of violence, sorted by death toll. For wars and events more extensive in scope, see List of wars and disasters by death toll. For natural disasters, see List of natural disasters by death toll.

Battles and sieges

Many of the entries in this section are currently for total casualties rather than deaths. Until this notice is removed, check the individual links to see what the figure represents.

Bombing campaigns

This section lists bombing campaigns in which at least 1,000 individuals may have been killed.

World War II

Post-World War II

Individual air raids

This section lists individual air campaigns in which at least 500 individuals may have been killed.

World War II

Other

This section lists the ships which were sunk as well as their fatalities in relations to war, whether against enemy, friendly, or neutral ships.

Prior to World War I

Estimate of death toll Name Country Ship type Principal casualties Where sunk Date
1,300–1,900Sultana United StatesTransport steamboatU.S. POWs formerly held by the Confederate armyMississippi River, near MemphisApril 27, 1865[8]
900HMS Victory Great Britain1st-rateCrewEnglish Channel[9]October 3, 1744
882–949Soleil Royal France1st-rateCrewEnglish ChannelJune 3, 1692
838HMS St George United Kingdom1st-rateCrewNorth SeaDecember 24, 1811
800+Kronan Sweden1st-rateCrewBaltic SeaJune 1, 1676
800+HMS Royal George Great Britain1st-rateCrewSpitheadAugust 29, 1782
800HMS Association Great Britain2nd-rateCrewIsles of ScillyOctober 22, 1707
699HMS Ramilles Great Britain3rd-rateCrewBolt HeadFebruary 15, 1760
673HMS Queen Charlotte Great Britain1st-rateCrewLivornoMarch 17, 1800
566General Lyon United StatesTransportDischarged U.S. soldiers, Confederate POWsCape HatterasMarch 31, 1865
600HMS Hero United Kingdom3rd-rateCrewWadden SeaDecember 28, 1811
555HMS Defence United Kingdom3rd-rateCrewNorth SeaDecember 24, 1811
380Mary Rose EnglandCarrackSoldiers, crewThe SolentJuly 19, 1545
372Arniston United KingdomEast IndiamanSoldiers, crew and their familiesCape AgulhasMay 30, 1815

World War I

The loss of two British cruisers to a German naval squadron at the Battle of Coronel on 1 November 1914 was followed by the Battle of the Falkland Islands on 8 December where most of the German force was destroyed. The Battle of Jutland on 31 May 1916 was the largest naval battle during World War I and resulted in the loss of three British battlecruisers and three armored cruisers.

Estimate of death toll Name Country Ship type Principal casualties Where sunk Date
1,450HMS Aboukir, Hogue and Cressy United KingdomArmored cruisersCrewNorth Sea, near the NetherlandsSeptember 22, 1914
1,255HMS Queen Mary United KingdomBattlecruiserCrewNorth SeaMay 31, 1916
1,198RMS Lusitania United KingdomOcean linerCivilians and Neutral citizensCeltic SeaMay 7, 1915
1,015HMS Invincible United KingdomBattlecruiserCrewNorth SeaMay 31, 1916
1,013HMS Indefatigable United KingdomBattlecruiserCrewNorth seaMay 31, 1916
903HMS Defence United KingdomArmored cruiserCrewNorth SeaMay 31, 1916
919[10]HMS Good Hope United KingdomArmored cruiserCrewOff of Coronel, ChileNovember 1, 1914
843HMS Vanguard United KingdomBattleshipCrewScapa Flow, ScotlandJuly 19, 1917
839SMS Pommern GermanyPre-dreadnought battleshipCrewNorth SeaJune 1, 1916
782SMS Blücher GermanyArmored cruiserCrewDogger BankJanuary 24, 1915
860[11]SMS Scharnhorst GermanyArmored cruiserCrewFalkland IslandsDecember 8, 1914
737HMS Hampshire United KingdomArmored cruiserCrew, including Secretary of State for War Lord KitchenerOrkneyMay 28, 1916
735[10]HMS Monmouth United KingdomArmored cruiserCrewOff of Coronel, ChileNovember 1, 1914
738HMS Bulwark United KingdomBattleshipCrewSheernessNovember 26, 1914
857HMS Black Prince United KingdomArmored cruiserCrewNorth SeaMay 31, 1916
684Léon Gambetta FranceArmored cruiserCrewCephaloniaApril 29, 1915
646SS Mendi United KingdomTroopshipTroopsEnglish ChannelFeb 21, 1917
650Bouvet FrancePre-dreadnought battleshipCrewDardanellesMarch 18, 1915
501RMS Leinster United KingdomMail shipMilitary personnelIrish SeaOctober 10, 1918
598[11]SMS Gneisenau GermanyArmored cruiserCrewFalkland IslandsDecember 8, 1914
570HMS Goliath United KingdomBattleshipCrewDardanellesMay 13, 1915
524HMS Hawke United KingdomCruiserCrewNorth SeaOctober 15, 1914

Post-World War I

Estimate of death toll Name Country Ship type Principal casualties Where sunk Date
3USS Panay (PR-5) United StatesRiver gunboatNeutral crewmenYangtze RiverDecember 12, 1937

World War II

Estimate of death toll Name Country Ship type Principal casualties Where sunk Date
9,000[12]Wilhelm Gustloff GermanyCruise shipGerman refugees from PolandBaltic SeaJanuary 30, 1945
6,000–6,700[13]Goya GermanyTroopshipWounded, refugeesBaltic SeaApril 16, 1945
5,000–7,000[14]Armenia Soviet UnionHospital shipWounded, refugeesBlack SeaNovember 7, 1941
5,000–7,000[15]Cap Arcona GermanyPrison shipConcentration camp prisonersBaltic SeaMay 3, 1945
5,620[16]Junyō Maru JapanHell shipJapanese laborers and Allied POWsIndian OceanSeptember 18, 1944
5,400[17]Toyama Maru JapanTroopshipTroopsSea of JapanJune 29, 1944
4,998[18]Ryusei Maru JapanTroopshipTroopsBali SeaFebruary 25, 1944
4,755[19]Tamatsu Maru JapanTroopshipTroopsOff LuzonAugust 19, 1944
3,900[20]–5,000[21]Totila GermanyCargo shipTroopsCrimean PeninsulaMay 10, 1944
4,074[22]Oria GermanyTroopshipItalian POWsCape SounionFebruary 12, 1944
3,850[23]Orion  GermanyAuxiliary cruiserRefugeesBaltic SeaMay 4, 1945
3,000–5,800[24]
HMT Lancastria United KingdomTroopshipTroops, refugeesBay of BiscayJune 17, 1940
2,000–4,000Teja GermanyCargo shipTroopsCrimean PeninsulaMay 10, 1944
2,000–5,400[25]Ural Maru JapanTroopshipWounded, troopsSouth China SeaSeptember 27, 1944
3,536[26]Mayasan Maru JapanTroopshipTroopsEast China SeaAugust 17, 1944
3,000–4,000[27]General von Steuben GermanyPassenger shipWounded, refugeesBaltic SeaFebruary 10, 1945
3,219[28]Nikkin Maru JapanTroopshipTroopsYellow SeaJune 30, 1944
3,055[29][30]–3,063[31]Yamato JapanBattleshipCrewSea of JapanApril 7, 1945
3,000[32]Tango Maru JapanHell shipJavanese laborers and Allied POWsBali SeaFebruary 25, 1944
2,765.[33]Lima Maru JapanTroopshipTroopssoutheast of the Gotō IslandsFebruary 8, 1944
2,750[34]Thielbek GermanyPrison shipConcentration camp prisonersBaltic SeaMay 3, 1945
2,750[35]Lenin Soviet UnionPassenger shipPassengers, troopsBlack SeaJuly 27, 1941
2,700Moero GermanyHospital shipSoldiers and civilians from EstoniaBaltic SeaSeptember 22, 1944
2,670[36]Petrella GermanyCargo linerItalian POWsSuda Bay, CreteFebruary 8, 1944
2,665[37]Teia Maru JapanTroopshipTroopsOff of LuzonAugust 18, 1944
2,586[20]Yoshida Maru No. 1 JapanTroopshipTroopsOff of LuzonApril 26, 1944
2,571[38]Rigel NorwayCargo shipTroops, Soviet POWsOff NorwayNovember 27, 1944
2,475[20]Sakito Maru JapanTroopshipTroops625 miles east of TaiwanMarch 1, 1944
2,300[39]Akitsu Maru JapanEscort aircraft carrierTroopsManila BayNovember 15, 1944
2,134[40]Hawaii Maru JapanTroopshipTroopsEast China SeaDecember 2, 1944
2;114[41]Edogawa Maru JapanTroopshipTroopsYellow sea[42]November 18, 1944
2,100+[43]Bismarck GermanyBattleshipCrewAtlantic OceanMay 27, 1941
2,098[44]Sinfra GermanyCargo shipItalian POWsSuda Bay, CreteOctober 20, 1943
2,035[45]Kamakura Maru JapanTroopshipSoldiers and civiliansPhilippines SeaApril 28, 1943
2,003[46]Awa Maru JapanHospital ship[47]CiviliansTaiwan StraitsApril 1, 1945
2,000[48]Dainichi Maru JapanHell ship, troopshipTroopsPhilippines SeaOctober 8, 1943
2,000[49]Salzburg GermanyCargo linerRussian POWsBlack SeaOctober 1, 1942
2,000Iosif Stalin Soviet UnionPassenger shipTroops, crewBaltic SeaDecember 3, 1941
1,932[50]Scharnhorst GermanyBattleshipCrewArctic OceanDecember 26, 1943
1,796[51]Gaetano Donizetti  GermanyCargo shipItalian POWsAegean SeaSeptember 23, 1943
1,777[52]Arisan Maru JapanHell shipU.S. POWsChina SeaOctober 24, 1944
1,747[53]Arabia Maru JapanTroopshipTroopsSouth China SeaOctober 18, 1944
1,700[54]Takahito Maru JapanHospital shipWounded, civiliansTaiwan StraitMarch 19, 1943
1,658[55]RMS Laconia United KingdomArmed merchant cruiserItalian POWs, civiliansSouth AtlanticSeptember 12, 1942
660[56]–1,650[57]Taihō JapanAircraft carrierCrewPhilippine SeaMar 7, 1944
1,636[58]Yamashiro JapanBattleshipCrewSurigao StraitOctober 25, 1944
1,540[59]Koshu Maru JapanHell shipPassengers, Allied POWsIndonesiaAugust 4, 1944
1,529[60]Tsushima Maru JapanPassenger shipSchoolchildren, civiliansSea of JapanAugust 22, 1944
1,470[61]Chiyoda JapanLight aircraft carrierCrewPhilippines SeaOctober 25, 1944
1,450[62]Maebashi Maru JapanTroopshipTroopsPacific OceanSeptember 30, 1943
1,435[63]Shinano JapanAircraft carrierCrewPacific OceanNovember 29, 1944
1,430[64]Jinyo Maru JapanCargo shipTroopsSouth China SeaDecember 7, 1944
1,428[65]Shiranesan Maru (I) JapanTroopshipTroopsSouth China SeaOctober 18, 1944
1,415[66]HMS Hood United KingdomBattlecruiserCrewDenmark StraitMay 24, 1941
1,400[67]Fusō JapanBattleshipCrewSurigao StraitOctober 25, 1944
1,400[68]Chikuma JapanHeavy cruiserCrewPhilippine SeaOctober 25, 1944
1,400[69]Tatsuta Maru JapanTroopshipTroopsSea of JapanFebruary 9, 1943
1,384[70]Fuso Maru JapanTroopshipTroopsSouth China SeaJuly 31, 1944
1,300[71]Mario Roselli  GermanyCargo shipItalian POWsCorfu BayOctober 10, 1943
1,291[72]Conte Rosso ItalyTroopshipTroopsMediterranean SeaMay 24, 1941
1.288[73]Yasukuni Maru  JapanTroopshipTechnical personnelPhilippines SeaJanuary 31, 1944
1,279[74]Khedive Ismail EgyptTroopshipTroopsIndian OceanFebruary 12, 1944
1,263[75]Shōkaku JapanAircraft carrierCrewPhilippine SeaJune 19, 1944
1,253[76]Roma ItalyBattleshipCrewMediterraneanSeptember 8, 1943
1,250[77]Kongō JapanBattleshipCrewFormosa StraitNovember 21, 1944
1,243[78]Chuyo JapanAircraft carrierCrewIzu IslandsDecember 4, 1943
1,240[79]Unryū JapanEscort aircraft carrierCrewEast China SeaDecember 19, 1944
1,207[80]HMS Glorious United KingdomAircraft carrierCrewNorwegian SeaJune 8, 1940
1,177USS Arizona (BB-39) United StatesBattleshipNeutral crewmenPearl HarborDecember 7, 1941
1,159[81]Rakuyo Maru JapanHell shipBritish and Australian POWsSouth China SeaSeptember 12, 1944
1,138[82]Rohna United KingdomTroopshipU.S. troops, crewMediterraneanNovember 26, 1943
1,124[83]Montevideo Maru JapanHell shipAustralian POWs, civiliansPhilippine Sea?July 1, 1942
1,121[84]Mutsu JapanBattleshipCrew, flying cadetsHashirajima (Japan)June 8, 1943
1,118[85]Hakozaki Maru JapanTroopshipTroopsYellow SeaMarch 19, 1945
1,023[86]Musashi JapanBattleshipCrewLeyte GulfOctober 24, 1944
1,000[87]Eiwa Maru JapanTanker shipTroopsSouth China SeaNovember 13, 1944
991[88]Galilea ItalyTroopshipItalian alpine troops, Italian carabinieri, Greek POWsMediterranean SeaMarch 28, 1942
956–1,025[89]Neuwerk GermanyCargo shipRefugees, railway workers, doctorsBaltic SeaApril 10, 1945
977[90]Bretagne FranceBattleshipCrewMers El KébirJuly 3, 1940
850–1,100[91]Shuntien United KingdomDefensively equipped merchant shipItalian and German POWs, British soldiers, and crewMediterranean SeaDecember 23, 1941
970[92]Karlsruhe GermanyCargo shipPassengers, crewBaltic seaApril 13, 1945
956[93]Taihei Maru JapanTroopshipTroopsSea of OkhotskJuly 9, 1944
954[94]Palatia GermanyPassenger shipCrew, Soviet POWsOff LindesnesOctober 21, 1942
946[95]Exercise Tiger United KingdomMilitary exerciseU.S. troopsSouth DevonApril 28, 1944
945[96]Aikoku Maru JapanArmed merchant cruiserTroopsPacific OceanFebruary 17, 1944
918[97]Corregidor United StatesOcean linerPassengers, crewSouth China SeaDecember 12, 1941
920Blücher GermanyHeavy cruiserTroops, crewOslofjordApril 9, 1940
903[98]Chitose JapanLight aircraft carrierCrewPhilippines SeaOctober 25, 1944
800[99]–901[100]Unyō JapanEscort aircraft carrierCrewSouth China SeaSeptember 17, 1944
900[101]Haguro JapanHeavy cruiserCrewStrait of MalaccaMay 16, 1945
895[102]Tirpitz GermanyBattleshipCrewTromsøNovember 12, 1944
883[103]USS Indianapolis United StatesHeavy cruiserCrewPhilippine SeaJuly 30, 1945
881[104]Nachi JapanHeavy cruiserCrewManila BayNovember 5, 1944
862[105]HMS Barham United KingdomBattleshipCrewMediterranean SeaNovember 25, 1941
858[106]RMS Nova Scotia United KingdomTroopshipPassengers, British military and naval personnel, South African guards, Italian civil interneesIndian OceanNovember 28, 1942
846[107]Lisbon Maru JapanHell shipBritish and Canadian POWsEast China SeaOctober 1, 1942
843[108]Zuikaku JapanAircraft carrierCrewLeyte GulfOctober 25, 1944
833[109]HMS Royal Oak United KingdomBattleshipCrewScapa FlowOctober 14, 1939
817[110]Taiyo Maru JapanPassenger shipPassengers, crewEast China SeaMay 8, 1942
814[111]Kaga JapanAircraft carrierCrewMidwayJune 4, 1942
808[112]Leopoldville BelgiumTroopshipU.S. troopsEnglish ChannelDecember 24, 1944
791Struma PanamaPassengerCrewBlack SeaFebruary 24, 1942
718Sōryū JapanAircraft carrierCrewMidwayJune 4, 1942
693USS Houston United StatesHeavy cruiserCrewJava SeaMarch 1, 1942
655Ceramic United KingdomPassengerCiviliansAtlantic OceanDecember 6, 1942
645HMAS Sydney AustraliaLight cruiserCrewIndian OceanNovember 19, 1941
631Shōhō JapanAircraft carrierCrewCoral SeaMay 7, 1942
549Ukishima Maru JapanTransportKorean forced laborersMaizuru, JapanAugust 24, 1945
518HMS Courageous United KingdomAircraft carrierCrewIrish coastSeptember 17, 1939
513HMS Repulse United KingdomBattlecruiserCrewSouth China SeaDecember 10, 1941
484Yoma United KingdomTroopshipCrew, British Army troops, and Free French Navy personnel[113]MediterraneanJune 17, 1943
353HMAS Perth AustraliaLight cruiserCrewSunda StraitMarch 1, 1942
338HMS Curacoa United KingdomLight cruiserCrewAtlantic OceanOctober 2, 1942
327HMS Prince of Wales United KingdomBattleshipCrewSouth China SeaDecember 10, 1941
271Ilmarinen FinlandCoastal defence shipCrewBaltic SeaSeptember 13, 1941
159USS Asheville United StatesGunboatCrewJava SeaMarch 3, 1942
137Caribou CanadaFerryPassengers, crewCabot StraitOctober 14, 1942

Post-World War II

Estimate of death toll Name Country Ship type Principal casualties Where sunk Date
2,750SS Kiangya ChinaSteamshipRefugeesHuangpu River, ShanghaiDecember 3, 1948
323ARA General Belgrano ArgentinaCruiserCrewmenSouth AtlanticMay 2, 1982
194INS Khukri IndiaFrigateCrewmenArabian SeaDecember 8, 1971
34USS Liberty United StatesSpy shipNeutral crewmenMediterranean SeaJune 8, 1967
20HMS Sheffield United KingdomGuided missile destroyerCrewmenSouth AtlanticMay 4, 1982

Terrorist attacks

This section lists terrorist attacks in which at least 50 individuals were killed.

Estimated death toll Name Political ideology Country Location Year
2,996September 11 attacksIslamic extremismUnited StatesNew York City, Arlington County, Virginia, and Stonycreek Township (near Shanksville, Pennsylvania)2001
1,566Camp Speicher massacreIslamic extremismIraqCamp Speicher, Tikrit2014
7962007 Yazidi communities bombingsIslamic extremismIraqKahtaniya and Adnaniyah2007
600–7741990 massacre of Sri Lankan Police officersTamil nationalism/separatismSri LankaEastern Province1990
58714 October 2017 Mogadishu bombingsIslamic extremismSomaliaMogadishu2017
449May 2013 Iraq attacksIslamic extremismIraqAcross Iraq2013
422Cinema Rex fireUnknownIranAbadan, Iran1978
385Beslan school hostage crisisIslamic extremism/Chechen separatismRussiaBeslan2004
3412016 Karrada bombingIslamic extremismIraqBaghdad2016
329Air India Flight 182Sikh extremismIrelandIrish Atlantic airspace1985
321–345Makombo massacreChristian extremism (Lord's Resistance Army)Democratic Republic of the CongoHaut-Uele District2009
3071983 Beirut barracks bombingState-sponsored Islamic extremismLebanonBeirut1983
3052017 Sinai attackIslamic extremismEgyptBir al-Abed2017
300+2014 Gamboru Ngala attackIslamic extremismNigeriaGamboru Ngala2014
3002016 Mosul massacreIslamic extremismIraqMosul2016
300Hamam al-Alil massacreIslamic extremismIraqHamam al-Alil2016
300Atiak massacreChristian extremism (Lord's Resistance Army)UgandaAtiak1995
293Russian apartment bombingsDisputedRussiaMoscow, Volgodonsk, Buynaksk1999
270Pan Am Flight 103State-sponsored terrorismUnited KingdomLockerbie, Scotland1988
2592019 Sri Lanka Easter bombingsIslamic extremismSri LankaColombo, Dehiwala, Negombo and Batticaloa2019
2571993 Bombay bombingsIslamic extremismIndiaMumbai1993
2522001 Angola train attackSeparatismAngola2001
245+Massacre of TrujilloNarcoterrorismColombiaTrujillo, Valle del Cauca1990
2441979 Grand Mosque seizureIslamic extremismSaudi ArabiaMecca1979
238MV DaraUnknown; possibly Omani separatistsSouthwest AsiaPersian Gulf1961
258–270Kobani massacreIslamic extremismSyriaKobani2015
224Metrojet Flight 9268Islamic extremismEgyptSinai Peninsula2015
2241998 United States embassy bombingsIslamic extremismKenya,
Tanzania
Nairobi,
Dar es Salaam
1998
21523 November 2006 Sadr City bombingsIslamic extremismIraqSadr City2006
2092006 Mumbai train bombingsIslamic extremismIndiaMumbai2006
2022002 Bali bombingsIslamic extremismIndonesiaBali2002
200–800Rais massacreIslamic extremismAlgeriavillage of Rais, near Sidi Moussa and south of Algiers1997
200–400Bentalha massacreIslamic extremismAlgeriavillage of Bentalha about 15 km south of Algiers1997
19818 April 2007 Baghdad bombingsIslamic extremismIraqBaghdad2007
1932004 Madrid train bombingsIslamic extremismSpainMadrid2004
18520 January 2012 Nigeria attacksIslamic extremismNigeriaMubi, Yola, Gombi, Maiduguri and Kano2012
184+Jableh and Tartous bombingsIslamic extremismSyriaJableh and Tartous2016
1802007 Karachi bombingIslamic extremismPakistanKarachi2007
178+2004 Ashura bombings in IraqIslamic extremismIraqKerbala and Baghdad2004
1752008 Mumbai attacksIslamic extremismIndiaMumbai2008
171UTA Flight 772State-sponsored terrorismNiger1989
170Moscow theater hostage crisisChechen separatismRussiaMoscow2002
168Kizlyar-Pervomayskoye hostage crisisChechen separatismRussiaKizlyar, Pervomayskoye, and Sovetskoye1996
168Oklahoma City bombingMilitia movementUnited StatesOklahoma City1995
166+Palliyagodella massacreTamil nationalism/separatismSri LankaPalliyagodella1992
165+2000 Walisongo school massacreChristian terrorismIndonesiaPoso2000
160March 2019 attacks against Fulani herdersRetaliation against Islamic extremismMaliOgossagou and Welingara2019
1562014 Peshawar school attackIslamic extremismPakistanPeshawar2014
155October 2009 Baghdad bombingsIslamic extremismIraqBaghdad2009
15413 July 2018 Pakistan bombingsIslamic extremismPakistanMastung, Bannu2018
1522015 Garissa University College attackIslamic extremismKenyaGarissa2015
1522007 Tal Afar bombings and massacreIslamic extremismIraqTal Afar2007
150+May 2017 Kabul attackUnknownAfghanistanKabul2017
150–2,0002015 Baga massacreIslamic extremismNigeriaBaga2015
150St Nedelya Church assaultCommunism - Bulgarian Communist PartyBulgariaSofia1925
148Gyaneshwari Express train derailmentCommunismIndia2010
147Kattankudy mosque massacreTamil nationalism/separatismSri LankaKattankudy1990
146Anuradhapura massacreTamil nationalism/separatismSri LankaAnuradhapura1996
145July 2015 Kukawa massacreIslamic extremismNigeriaKukawa2015
145September 2015 Maiduguri bombingIslamic extremismNigeriaMaiduguri2015
1422015 Sana'a mosque bombingsIslamic extremismYemenSana'a2015
1412019 Kaduna State massacreIslamic extremismNigeriaKaduna State2019
141Brak El-Shati airbase raidIslamic extremismLibyaWadi al Shatii District2017
140–2562017 Camp Shaheen attackIslamic extremismAfghanistanMazar-e-Sharif2017
140Budyonnovsk hospital hostage crisisChechen separatismRussiaBudyonnovsk1995
137November 2015 Paris attacksIslamic extremismFranceParis2015
135February 3, 2007 Baghdad market bombingIslamic extremismIraqBaghdad2007
134February 2016 Sayyidah Zaynab bombingsIslamic extremismIraqSayyidah Zaynab2016
133+January 2011 Iraq suicide attacksIslamic extremismIraq2011
132January 2016 Iraq attacksIslamic extremismIraqBaghdad Miqdadiyah2016
1302015 Khan Bani Saad bombingIslamic extremismIraqKhan Bani Saad2015
130Rafiganj train disasterCommunismIndiaRafiganj2002
127Peshawar church attackIslamic extremismPakistanPeshawar2013
127December 2009 Baghdad bombingsIslamic extremismIraqBaghdad2009
1272005 Al Hillah bombingUnknownIraqAl Hillah2005
127Aluth Oya massacreTamil nationalism/separatismSri LankaAluth Oya1987
1262017 Aleppo suicide car bombingUnknownSyriaAleppo2017
125November 2016 Hillah suicide truck bombingIslamic extremismIraqHillah2016
125Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961UnknownIndian Ocean1996
120+5 January 2006 Iraq bombingsIslamic extremismIraqKarbala, Ramadi2006
120October 1995 Eastern Sri Lanka massacresTamil nationalism/separatismSri LankaEastern Province1995
1202007 Al Hillah bombingsIslamic extremismIraqAl Hillah2007
1202012 Sana'a bombingIslamic extremismYemenSana'a2012
120Palace of Justice siege19th of April MovementColombiaBogotá1985
119Bojayá massacreUnited Self-Defense Forces of ColombiaColombiaChoco2002
11728 October 2009 Peshawar bombingIslamic extremismPakistanPeshawar2009
1172004 Irbil bombingsIslamic extremismIraqIrbil2004
1162004 SuperFerry 14 bombingIslamic extremismPhilippines2004
1152006 São Paulo violence outbreakPrimeiro Comando da CapitalBrazilSão Paulo2006
114+10 May 2010 Iraq attacksIslamic extremismIraqBaghdad2010
114March 2017 Damascus bombingsIslamic extremismSyriaDamascus2017
113+2 November 2010 Baghdad bombingsIslamic extremismIraqBaghdad2010
113Colombo Central Bus Station bombingTamil nationalism/separatismSri LankaColombo1987
112September 14, 2005 Baghdad bombingIslamic extremismIraqBaghdad2005
112Avianca Flight 203NarcoterrorismColombia1989
112Gulf Air Flight 771Palestinian nationalismUnited Arab EmiratesDubai1983
11010 October 2008 Orakzai bombingIslamic extremismPakistanOrakzai2008
1092015 Ankara bombingsIslamic extremismTurkeyAnkara2015
1052010 Lakki Marwat suicide bombingIslamic extremismPakistanLakki Marwat2010
104Mohmand Agency attackIslamic extremismPakistanMohmand Agency2010
1032018 Kabul ambulance bombingIslamic extremismAfghanistanKabul2018
102+December 2016 Aden suicide bombingsIslamic extremismYemenAden2016
102First Tyre truck bombing attackIslamic extremismLebanonTyre1982
101May 2016 Baghdad bombingsIslamic extremismIraqBaghdad2016
10119 August 2009 Baghdad bombingsIslamic extremismIraqBaghdad2009
100+March 2017 Kabul attackIslamic extremismAfghanistanKabul2017
100+2011 Damaturu attacksIslamic extremismNigeria2011
1002011 Mogadishu bombingIslamic extremismSomaliaMogadishu2011
1002008 Kandahar bombingIslamic extremismAfghanistanKandahar2008
100Musayyib fuel tanker bombingIslamic extremismIraqMusayyib2005
100Malaysian Airline System Flight 653 hijackingCommunism Japanese Red ArmyMalaysiaTanjung Kupang1977
100Bolgrad palace bombingBessarabian separatismRomaniaBolgrad1921
99+Kha Maung Seik massacreRohingya nationalism/Islamic extremismMyanmarMaungdaw District2017
98May 2010 attacks on Ahmadi mosques in LahoreIslamic extremismPakistanLahore2010
981 February 2008 Baghdad bombingsIslamic extremismIraqBaghdad2008
96+June 2017 Pakistan bombingsIslamic extremismPakistanQuetta, Parachinar, Karachi2017
92–1032006 Digampathana bombingTamil nationalism/separatismSri LankaDigampathana2006
9217 August 2019 Kabul bombingIslamic extremismAfghanistanKabul2019
922017 Sehwan suicide bombingIslamic extremismPakistanSehwan2017
91Colombo Central Bank bombingTamil nationalism/separatismSri LankaColombo1996
91King David Hotel bombingZionismMandatory PalestineJerusalem1946
902005 Sharm el-Sheikh attacksIslamic extremismEgyptSharm el-Sheikh2005
89Russian airplane bombingsChechen separatismRussiaMoscow2004
88TWA Flight 841Palestinian nationalismIonian Sea1974
8822 January 2007 Baghdad bombingsIslamic extremismIraqBaghdad2007
872016 Nice attackIslamic extremismFranceNice2016
862018 Mubi suicide bombingsIslamic extremismNigeriaMubi2018
86AMIA BombingIslamic extremism/State-sponsored terrorismArgentinaBuenos Aires1994
85April 2010 Baghdad bombingsIslamic extremismIraqBaghdad2010
85Buratha Mosque bombingIslamic extremismIraqBaghdad2006
85Stazione Centrale bombingNeo-fascismItalyBologna1980
842017 Nasiriyah attacksIslamic extremismIraqNasiriyah2017
832002 Grozny truck bombingChechen separatismRussiaGrozny2002
83Imam Ali Mosque bombingIslamic extremismIraqNajaf2003
812008 Assam bombingsAssamese separatismIndiaAssam2008
80+July 2016 Kabul bombingIslamic extremismAfghanistanKabul2016
80Jaipur bombingsIslamic extremismIndiaJaipur2008
801985 Beirut car bombingState-sponsored terrorismLebanonBeirut1985
78Bombing of Cubana de Aviación Flight 455Anti-CastroismCubaAtlantic Ocean1976
772011 Norway attacksNeo-fascismNorwayOslo and Utøya2011
772017 Gao bombingIslamic extremismMaliGao2017
76February 12, 2007 Baghdad bombingsIslamic extremismIraqBaghdad2007
762010 Maoist attack in DantewadaMaoismIndiaDantewada, Chhattisgarh2010
75+La Coubre explosionAnti-CastroismCubaHavana1960
752007 Baghlan sugar factory bombingIslamic extremismAfghanistanBaghlan2008
752016 Lahore suicide bombingIslamic extremismPakistanLahore2016
74July 2010 Kampala attacksIslamic extremismUgandaKampala2010
742005 Khanaqin bombingsIslamic extremismIraqKhanaqin2005
7421 April 2004 Basra bombingsIslamic extremismIraqBasra2004
742004 Kufa shellingUnknownIraqKufa2004
73Haska Meyna mosque bombingIslamic extremismAfghanistanHaska Meyna District2019
73+September 2010 Quetta bombingIslamic extremismPakistanQuetta2010
7320 June 2009 Taza bombingIslamic extremismIraqTaza2009
73Hafte Tir bombingCommunismIranTehran1981
72+March 2010 Lahore bombingsIslamic extremismPakistanLahore2010
70+July 2010 Baghdad attacksIslamic extremismIraqBaghdad2010
70February 2016 Baghdad bombingsIslamic extremismIraqBaghdad2016
702008 Wah bombingIslamic extremismPakistanWah2008
702007 Baghdad Mustansiriya University bombingUnclearIraqBaghdad2007
69+17 August 2010 Baghdad bombingsIslamic extremismIraqBaghdad2010
69+2017 Borno State attackIslamic extremismNigeriaBorno State2010
69April 2018 Kabul suicide bombingIslamic extremismAfghanistanKabul2018
69June 2009 Baghdad bombingIslamic extremismIraqBaghdad2009
686 March 2008 Baghdad bombingIslamic extremismIraqBaghdad2008
682007 Samjhauta Express bombingsDisputedIndia2007
682004 Baqubah bombingUnclearIraqBaqubah2004
67Westgate shopping mall shootingIslamic extremismKenyaNairobi2013
67In Amenas hostage crisisIslamic extremismAlgeriaIn Amenas2013
6719 December 2004 Karbala and Najaf bombingsIslamic extremismIraqKarbala2004
671929 Hebron massacrePalestinian nationalismMandatory PalestineHebron1929
662010 Darra Adam Khel mosque bombingIslamic extremismPakistanDarra Adam Khel2010
66Kebithigollewa massacreTamil nationalism/separatismSri LankaKebithigollewa2006
66Cyprus Airways Flight 284UnknownMediterranean Sea1967
65 2019 Nganzai funeral attack Islamic extremism Nigeria Nganzai 2019
64February 2016 Homs bombingsIslamic extremismSyriaHoms2016
64April 2016 Kabul attackIslamic extremismAfghanistanKabul2016
641996 Dehiwala train bombingTamil nationalism/separatismSri LankaDehiwala1996
63Luxor massacreIslamic extremismEgyptLuxor1997
6312 February 2007 Baghdad bombingsIslamic extremismIraqBaghdad2007
63DAS Building bombingNarcoterrorismColombiaBogotá1989
63Iraqi Airways Flight 163Islamic extremismSaudi ArabiaArar1986
63April 1983 US Embassy bombingIslamic extremismLebanonBeirut1983
62Kent and Dollar Farm massacresTamil nationalism/separatismSri LankaVavuniya1984
621999 Vladikavkaz bombingChechen separatismRussiaVladikavkaz1999
621 July 2006 Sadr City bombingIslamic extremismIraqSadr City2006
6229 October 2005 Delhi bombingsIslamic extremismIndiaDelhi2005
6224 June 2004 Mosul bombingsIslamic extremismIraqMosul2004
602005 Amman bombingsIslamic extremismJordanAmman2005
60EgyptAir Flight 648Palestinian nationalismGreeceAthens1985
60Second Tyre truck bombing attackIslamic extremismLebanonTyre1983
60January 2017 Azaz bombingIslamic extremismSyriaAzaz2017
592018 African Union base attack in Bulo MarerIslamic extremismSomaliaBulo Marer2018
59January 2017 Baghdad bombingsIslamic extremismIraqBaghdad2017
592003 Znamenskoye suicide bombingChechen separatismRussiaZnamenskoye2003
582010 Baghdad church attackIslamic extremismIraqBaghdad2010
586 April 2010 Baghdad bombingsIslamic extremismIraqBaghdad2010
58April 2010 Kohat bombingsIslamic extremismPakistanKohat2010
582008 Indian embassy bombing in KabulIslamic extremismAfghanistanKabul2008
581948 Ben Yehuda Street bombingPalestinian nationalismMandatory PalestineJerusalem1948
57August 2016 Gaziantep bombingIslamic extremismTurkeyGaziantep2016
57Nishtar Park bombingIslamic extremismPakistanKarachi2006
572003 Istanbul BombingsIslamic extremismTurkeyIstanbul2003
562008 Ahmedabad bombingsIslamic extremismIndiaAhmedabad2008
567 July 2005 London bombingsIslamic extremismUnited KingdomLondon2005
55Lionair Flight 602Tamil nationalism/separatismSri LankaJaffna1998
541 February 2010 Baghdad bombingIslamic extremismIraqBaghdad2010
54Gonagala massacreTamil nationalism/separatismSri LankaGonagala1999
54December 2009 Lahore attacksUnclearPakistanLahore2009
54Islamabad Marriott Hotel bombingIslamic extremismPakistanIslamabad2008
53+25 August 2010 Iraq bombingsIslamic extremism/BaathismIraqKut2010
522011 Monterrey casino attackNarcoterrorismMexicoMonterrey2011
522003 Mumbai bombingsIslamic extremismIndiaMumbai2003
52Reyhanlı bombingsDisputedTurkeyReyhanlı2013
5117 June 2008 Baghdad bombingUnknownIraqBaghdad2008
50+Dera Ghazi Khan bombingsIslamic extremismPakistanDera Ghazi Khan2011
50+December 2010 Mohmand Agency bombingsIslamic extremismPakistanMohmand Agency2010
502016 Orlando nightclub shootingIslamic extremismUnited StatesOrlando2016
51Christchurch mosque shootingsFar-right extremismNew ZealandChristchurch2019
50February 2018 Mogadishu attackIslamic extremismSomaliaMogadishu2018
50December 2017 Kabul suicide bombingIslamic extremismAfghanistanKabul2017
505 April 2010 Peshawar bombingsIslamic extremismPakistanPeshawar2010
50July 2010 Lahore bombingsUnknownPakistanLahore2010

Mass unrest, riots and pogroms

This section lists events in which at least 100 individuals were killed from riots or mass unrest.

Estimate of death toll Name Country Location(s) Date
200,000–2,000,000Partition of India and PakistanIndiaPunjab and Bengal1947
200,000–300,000La ViolenciaColombiaCountry-wide1948–1960
85,000–87,0001959 Tibetan uprisingTibetLhasa1959
60,000–80,000Massacre of the LatinsByzantiumConstantinople1182
10,000–40,0001932 Salvadoran peasant uprisingEl Salvador1932
30,000Adana massacreTurkeyAdana1909
30,0001946 Bihar riotsIndiaBihar1946
30,000Nika riotsByzantiumConstantinople532
10,000–30,000February 28 IncidentChina (present-day Taiwan)1947
5,000–30,000St. Bartholomew's Day massacreFranceParis1572
10,000–20,000Romanian Peasants' RevoltRomania1907
6,667–20,000La semaine sanglanteFranceParis1871
13,000–15,500August UprisingSoviet UnionGeorgia1924
14,028Jeju UprisingSouthern Korea, present-day South KoreaJeju island1948
13,266Iași pogromRomaniaIaşi1941
300–10,454Tiananmen Square protests of 1989ChinaBeijing1989
3,000–10,0008888 UprisingBurma/Myanmar1987–1993
2,800–8,0001984 anti-Sikh riotsIndiaNew Delhi1984
7,500March 1st MovementJapanese Korea, present-day South KoreaKeijo (present-day Seoul)1919
4,179–4,354Second IntifadaIsrael/Palestinian territories2000–2005
4,0001066 Granada massacreSpainGranada1066
132–4,0001905 Bloody SundayRussiaSaint Petersburg1905
3,800Pitchfork UprisingRussia1920
2,781Iranian Revolution[114]Iran1979
2,300Santa María School massacreChileIquique1907
2,204First IntifadaIsrael/Palestinian territories1987
2,000Gwangju UprisingSouth KoreaGwangju1980
100–2,000Banana MassacreColombiaCiénaga1928
1,900Lisbon massacrePortugalLisbon1506
1,652[115]1994 South African transitional violenceSouth Africa1994
1,526Jallianwala Bagh (Amritsar) massacreBritish IndiaAmritsar1919
1,500Andijan massacreUzbekistanAndijan2005
1,000–1,200May 1998 riots of IndonesiaIndonesiaJakarta, Medan, Surakarta1998
1,104Romanian Revolution of 1989RomaniaBucharest and major cities1989
1,000Kronstadt rebellionRussiaKronstadt1921
1,000[116][117]2008 Kenyan election protestsKenya2008
500–1,000[118][119]2005 Togolese democracy protestsTogo2005
8932010 South Kyrgyzstan ethnic clashesKyrgyzstan2010
855+Assam MovementIndia1979–1985
121–797EuromaidanUkraineKiev2014
175-780 Farhud Iraq Baghdad 1941
700Kengir uprisingSoviet UnionKazakhstan1954
100–600Soweto uprisingSouth AfricaSoweto1976
322–420Lwów pogrom (1918)PolandLwów1918
400Iranian pilgrim riotSaudi ArabiaMecca1987
360+Telangana movement (Hyderabad)IndiaHyderabad1969
338Tunisian RevolutionTunisia2010–2011
317[120]2018 Nicaraguan protestsNicaraguaCountry-wide2018
300Tulsa riotUnited StatesTulsa1921
285Gordon RiotsGreat Britain1780
2491929 Palestine riotsBritish Mandate for Palestine1929
105–242Elaine riotUnited StatesElaine1919
215Military Police of Espírito Santo strikeBrazilEspírito Santo2017
32–200+Sumgait pogromSoviet UnionSumgait1988
19613 May incidentMalaysiaKuala Lumpur1969
1652017 Venezuelan protestsVenezuelaNationwide2017
155Bucharest pogromRomaniaBucharest1941
142Durban riotsSouth AfricaDurban1949
140+2017 Brazil prison riotsBrazil2017
139[121]Muhammad cartoon riotsNigeria, Libya, Pakistan, and Afghanistan2006
119–120New York City draft riotsUnited StatesNew York City1863
111Carandiru massacreBrazilSão Paulo1992
110Baku pogromSoviet UnionBaku1990
100Georgian de-Stalinization riotsGeorgiaCountry-wide1956
100Napoleon's "whiff of grapeshot"FranceParis1795
100Kiev Pogrom (1905)RussiaKiev1921

Human sacrifice and mass suicide

This section lists notable individual episodes of mass suicide or human sacrifice. For tolls arising from the systematic practice of suicide or sacrifice, see Human sacrifice and ritual suicide.

Low
Estimate of death toll
High
Estimate of death toll
Type Event Perpetrator(s) Location Date
< 40,00080,400Mass suicide, murderBattle of OkinawaJapanese civiliansJapan1945
8,000Mass suicideBattle of SaipanJapanese civiliansMariana Islands1944
3,00080,400Mass human sacrificeRe-consecration of the Great Pyramid of TenochtitlanAztecsTemplo Mayor, Tenochtitlan 1487
960Mass suicideSiege of MasadaJewish zealotsJudea73
913Mass suicide, murderJonestown massacrePeoples TempleGuyana1978
3001,000Mass suicideMovement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of GodUgandaMarch 2000
217[122] Murder-suicide Crashing of EgyptAir Flight 990[122] Airline pilot[122] Atlantic Ocean[122] October 31, 1999[122]
150 Murder-suicide Crashing of Germanwings Flight 9525 Airline pilot France March 24, 2015
104 Murder-suicide Crashing of SilkAir Flight 185 Airline pilot Indonesia December 19, 1997
53Mass suicideOrder of the Solar TempleSwitzerland and Canada1994
44 44 Murder-suicide Crashing of Royal Air Maroc Flight 630 Airline pilot Morocco August 21, 1994
39Mass suicideHeaven's GateCalifornia1997
33 33 Murder-suicide Crashing of LAM Mozambique Airlines Flight 470 Airline pilot Namibia November 29, 2013
24 Murder-suicide Crashing of Japan Airlines Flight 350 Airline pilot Japan February 9, 1982
16Mass suicideOrder of the Solar TempleFranceDecember 23, 1995

See also

Other lists organized by death toll

Other lists with similar topics

Topics dealing with similar themes

Notes

    References

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