List of assault rifles

An assault rifle is a rifle that uses an intermediate cartridge, a detachable magazine, and can switch between semi-automatic/fully automatic fire. Assault rifles are currently the standard service rifles in most modern armies.

By strict definition, a firearm must have the following characteristics to be considered an assault rifle:[1][2][3]

Rifles that meet most of these criteria, but not all, are technically not assault rifles, despite frequently being called such.

For example:

  • Select-fire M2 carbines and Amogh carbines are not assault rifles; their effective range is only 200 yards.[5]
  • Select-fire rifles such as the FN FAL battle rifle are not assault rifles; they fire full-powered rifle cartridges.
  • Semi-automatic-only rifles like the Colt AR-15 are not assault rifles; they do not have select-fire capabilities.
  • Semi-automatic-only rifles with fixed magazines like the SKS are not assault rifles; they do not have detachable box magazines and are not capable of automatic fire.

Several of the rifles on the below list have non-Assault Rifle variants. Because they lack the selective fire capability as they only fire semi-automatic even though it fulfils the other requirements of the definition above.

Name Manufacturer Image Cartridge Manufacturing country Years
AB-3 Kalashnikov Concern 5.6mm Caseless  Soviet Union 1970
Adaptive Combat Rifle Remington Arms
Bushmaster
5.56×45mm NATO
6.8mm Remington SPC
 United States 2006
ADS amphibious rifle KBP Instrument Design Bureau 5.45×39mm
5.45mm PSP
 Russia 2007
AEK-971 Degtyarev plant 5.45×39mm  Soviet Union 1978
AG-043 5.45×39mm  Soviet Union 1974
Ak 5 Bofors Carl Gustaf 5.56×45mm NATO  Sweden 1982
AK-9 Kalashnikov Concern 9×39mm  Russia 2000s
AK-47 Kalashnikov Concern 7.62×39mm  Soviet Union 1946
AK-74 Kalashnikov Concern 5.45×39mm  Soviet Union 1974
AK-101 Kalashnikov Concern 5.56×45mm NATO  Russia 1994
AK-102 Kalashnikov Concern 5.56×45mm NATO  Russia 1990s
AK-103 Kalashnikov Concern 7.62×39mm  Russia 1994
AK-107 Kalashnikov Concern 5.45×39mm / 5.56×45mm NATO  Russia 1990s
AK-12 Kalashnikov Concern 5.45×39mm
5.56×45mm NATO
7.62×39mm
9×39mm
6.5mm Grendel
 Russia 2010
AK-63 Fegyver- és Gépgyár 7.62×39mm  Hungary 1977
AKM Izhmash
Tula Arms Plant
7.62×39mm  Soviet Union 1950s
AMD-65 Fegyver- és Gépgyár 7.62×39mm  Hungary 1965
AMP-69 Fegyver- és Gépgyár 7.62×39mm  Hungary 1970-1985
AN-94 Izhmash 5.45×39mm  Russia 1994
AO-27 rifle 7.62 mm (3 mm flechette)  Soviet Union 1961
AO-31 5.45×39mm
7.62×39mm
 Soviet Union 1962
AO-35 assault rifle 5.45×39mm
7.62×39mm
 Soviet Union 1968?
AO-38 assault rifle TsNIITochMash 5.45×39mm  Soviet Union 1965
APS-95 Končar-Arma d.o.o 5.56×45mm NATO  Croatia 1995
APS underwater rifle Tula Arms Plant
TsNIITochMash
5.66×39mm  Soviet Union 1970s
AS Val TsNIITochMash 9×39mm  Soviet Union 1987
ASM-DT amphibious rifle Tula Arms Plant 5.45×39mm  Soviet Union 1990s
Barrett REC7 Barrett Firearms Manufacturing 5.56×45mm NATO
6.8mm Remington SPC
 United States 2007
Beretta AR70/90 Fabbrica d'Armi Pietro Beretta 5.56×45mm NATO  Italy 1985
Beretta ARX160 Fabbrica d'Armi Pietro Beretta 5.56×45mm NATO
5.45×39mm
6.8mm Remington SPC
7.62×39mm
 Italy 2008
Beretta Rx4 Storm Fabbrica d'Armi Pietro Beretta 5.56×45mm NATO
.223 Remington
 Italy 2005
BSA 28P Birmingham Small Arms Company .280 British  United Kingdom 1949
BR18 ST Kinetics 5.56×45mm NATO
6.8mm Remington SPC
7.62×39mm
 Singapore 2014
Chropi rifle Chropei 7.62×39mm  Greece 1975
CEAM Modèle 1950 Atelier Mécanique de Mulhouse .30 Carbine
7.92×33mm Kurz
7.65×35mm
7.5×38mm
 France 1949
CETME Model L Empresa Nacional Santa Bárbara 5.56×45mm NATO  Spain 1981
Close Quarters Battle Receiver Colt's Manufacturing Company 5.56×45mm NATO  United States 1999
C7 rifle Colt Canada 5.56×45mm NATO  Canada 1982
Colt CM901 Colt Defense 5.56×45mm NATO
6.8mm Remington SPC
7.62×39mm
 United States 2010s
Conventional Multirole Combat Rifle ST Kinetics 5.56×45mm NATO  Singapore 2014
CZ 805 BREN Česká zbrojovka Uherský Brod 5.56×45mm NATO  Czech Republic 2009
ČZ 2000 Česká zbrojovka Uherský Brod 5.56×45mm NATO  Czechoslovakia 1990
Daewoo K2 S&T Motiv 5.56×45mm NATO  South Korea 1972
Desarrollos Industriales Casanave SC-2005 Desarrollos Industriales Casanave S.A 5.56×45mm NATO
7.62×39mm
 Peru 2005
Dlugov assault rifle 7.62×39mm  Soviet Union 1953
EM-2 rifle Royal Small Arms Factory
Enfield
7 mm Mk1Z (7×43mm)  United Kingdom 1950
Excalibur rifle Armament Research and Development Establishment 5.56×45mm NATO  India 2013–14
EMER K1 Myanmar Fritz Werner Industries 5.56×45mm NATO  Burma
FAMAS Nexter 5.56×45mm NATO  France 1978
FARA 83 Fabrica Militar de Armas Portatiles Domingo Matheu 5.56×45mm NATO  Argentina 1981
FB Beryl Łucznik Arms Factory 5.56×45mm NATO  Poland 1995
FB MSBS FB "Łucznik" Radom 5.56×45mm NATO

7.62×39mm

 Poland 2016
FB Tantal Łucznik Arms Factory 5.45×39mm  Poland 1981
FN CAL Fabrique Nationale d'Herstal 5.56×45mm NATO  Belgium 1963
FN F2000 Fabrique Nationale d'Herstal 5.56×45mm NATO  Belgium 2001
FN FNC Fabrique Nationale d'Herstal 5.56×45mm NATO  Belgium 1975
FN SCAR-L FN Herstal 5.56×45mm NATO  Belgium 2004
FX-05 Xiuhcoatl Dirección General de Industria Militar del Ejército 5.56×45mm NATO  Mexico 2005
Grad AR State Factories-North Ossetia 6×49mm
5.45×39mm
 South Ossetia 2010
Grossfuss Sturmgewehr 7.92×33mm Kurz  Germany 1944
Heckler & Koch G11 Heckler & Koch 4.73 x33mm  West Germany 1968
Heckler & Koch G36 Heckler & Koch 5.56×45mm NATO  Germany 1995
Heckler & Koch G41 Heckler & Koch 5.56×45mm NATO  West Germany 1984
Heckler & Koch HK33 Heckler & Koch 5.56×45mm NATO  West Germany 1960s
Heckler & Koch HK36 Heckler & Koch 4.6×36 mm  West Germany 1970s
Heckler & Koch HK416 Heckler & Koch 5.56×45mm NATO  Germany 2004
Heckler & Koch HK433 Heckler & Koch 5.56×45mm NATO, others  Germany 2017
Howa Type 89 Howa 5.56×45mm NATO  Japan 1989
HS Produkt VHS HS Produkt 5.56×45mm NATO  Croatia 2005
IMBEL MD IMBEL 5.56×45mm NATO  Brazil 1983
IMBEL IA2 IMBEL 5.56×45mm NATO
 Brazil 2009
IMI Galil Israel Military Industries 5.56×45mm NATO
 Israel 1960s
IWI Tavor Israel Weapon Industries 5.56×45mm NATO  Israel 1991
IWI X95 Israel Weapon Industries 5.56×45mm NATO
5.45×39mm
.300 AAC Blackoutm
5.56×30mm MINSAS
 Israel 2003
INSAS rifle[6] Ordnance Factories Board 5.56×45mm NATO  India 1998
Interdynamics MKS Interdynamics 5.56×45mm NATO  Sweden 1979
IWI ACE Israel Weapons Industries 5.56×45mm NATO
7.62×39mm
 Israel 2008
Kbkg wz. 1960 7.62×39mm  Poland 1960
L64/65 RSAF Enfield 4.85×49mm  United Kingdom 1964
L85 BAE Systems 5.56×45mm NATO  United Kingdom 1985
Leader Dynamics Series T2 MK5 Leader Dynamics
Australian Automatic Arms
5.56×45mm NATO  Australia 1978
LR-300 Z-M Weapons 5.56×45mm NATO  United States 2000
LSAT rifle (To be announced) LSAT caseless ammunition  United States 2008
M-16/ M-4 Colt Defense 5.56×45mm NATO  United States 1956
Multi Caliber Individual Weapon System Ordnance Factory Tiruchirappalli 5.56×45mm NATO
7.62×39mm
6.8mm Remington SPC
 India 2012
Nesterov assault rifle 7.62×39mm  Soviet Union 1961
Norinco CQ Norinco 5.56×45mm NATO  China 1980s
OTs-12 Tiss KBP Instrument Design Bureau 9×39mm  Russia 1990s
Pindad SS1 PT Pindad 5.56×45mm NATO  Indonesia 1991
Pindad SS2 PT Pindad 5.56×45mm NATO  Indonesia 2005
Pistol Mitralieră model 1963/1965 ROMARM 7.62×39mm  Romania 1963–1965
Pușcă Automată model 1986 ROMARM 5.45×39mm  Romania 1986
PVAR rifle United Defense Manufacturing Corporation 5.56×45mm NATO  Philippines 2011
QBZ-95 / QBZ-97 Norinco 5.8×42mm DBP87 / 5.56×45mm NATO  China 1995
QBZ-03 Norinco 5.8×42mm DBP87
5.56×45mm NATO
 China 2003
Remington R4 Remington Arms 5.56×45mm NATO  United States 2010
Remington R5 RGP Remington Arms 5.56×45mm NATO  United States 2010
Rk 62 Valmet
SAKO
7.62×39mm  Finland 1962
Rk 95 TP SAKO 7.62×39mm  Finland 1990
Robinson Armament XCR Robinson Armament Co 5.56×45mm NATO
5.45×39mm
7.62×39mm
6.8mm Remington SPC
6.5mm GrendelO
.260 Remington
 United States 2004
S&T Daewoo K11 S&T Motiv 5.56×45mm NATO  South Korea 2006
Sa vz. 58 Česká zbrojovka 7.62×39mm M43  Czechoslovakia 1956
SAR 80 Chartered Industries of Singapore (now known as ST Kinetics) 5.56×45mm NATO  Singapore 1976
SAR-21 ST Kinetics 5.56×45mm NATO  Singapore 1996
SIG MCX SIG Sauer 5.56×45mm NATO
300 AAC Blackout
  Switzerland 2010s
SIG Sauer SIG516 Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft 5.56×45mm NATO
.223 Remington
7.62×39mm
 United States 2000s
SIG SG 530 Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft 5.56×45mm NATO   Switzerland 1960s
SIG SG 540 Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft 5.56×45mm NATO   Switzerland 1970s
SIG SG 550 Swiss Arms AG 5.6 mm Gw Pat 90   Switzerland 1970s
SOCIMI AR-831 Società Costruzioni Industriali Milano
Luigi Franchi S.p.A.
5.56×45mm NATO  Italy 1985
Special Operations Assault Rifle Ferfrans Specialties 5.56×45mm NATO  Philippines 2004
SR-3 Vikhr Tula Arms Plant 9×39mm  Soviet Union 1990s
SR-47 7.62×39mm  United States
SR 88 Chartered Industries of Singapore (now known as ST Kinetics) 5.56×45mm NATO  Singapore 1978
Sterling SAR-87 Sterling Armaments Company 5.56×45mm NATO  United Kingdom 1980s
Steyr AUG Steyr Mannlicher 5.56×45mm NATO
m
 Austria 1970s
Stoner 63 Cadillac Gage 5.56×45mm NATO  United States 1962
StG 44 C. G. Haenel Waffen und Fahrradfabrik 7.92×33mm Kurz  Germany 1942
StG 45(M) Mauser 7.92×33mm Kurz  Germany 1944
T65 assault rifle 205th Armory 5.56×45mm NATO  Republic of China 1976
T86 assault rifle 205th Armory 5.56×45mm NATO  Republic of China 1992
T91 assault rifle 205th Armory 5.56×45mm NATO  Republic of China 2002
TKB-072 Tula Arms Plant 5.45×39mm  Soviet Union 1975
TKB-517 Tula Arms Plant 7.62×39mm  Soviet Union 1952
Trichy Assault Rifle Ordnance Factory Tiruchirappalli 7.62×39mm  India 2011
Type 56 assault rifle Norinco 7.62×39mm M43  China 1956
Type 58 assault rifle 7.62×39mm  North Korea 1958
Type 63 assault rifle 7.62×39mm  China 1968
Type 81 assault rifle 7.62×39mm  China 1971
Norinco Type 86S Norinco 7.62×39mm  China 1980s
VAHAN (firearm) 5.45×39mm  Armenian SSR
(now  Armenia)
1952
Valmet M76 Valmet 5.56×45mm NATO
7.62×39mm
 Finland 1970s
Valmet M82 Valmet 5.56×45mm NATO
7.62×39mm
 Finland 1978
VB Berapi LP06 Vita Berapi 5.56×45mm NATO  Malaysia 2006
Vektor CR-21 Denel 5.56×45mm NATO  South Africa 1997
Vektor R4 Denel Land Systems 5.56×45mm NATO  South Africa 1970s
Vepr National Space Agency's
R&D Center for precision engineering
5.45×39mm  Ukraine 2010
Wieger StG-940 5.56×45mm NATO
5.45×39mm
 East Germany 1980s
Wimmersperg Spz 7.92×33mm Kurz  Germany 1944
XM8 rifle Heckler & Koch 5.56×45mm NATO  Germany /  United States 2003
XT-97 Assault Rifle 205th Armory 5.56×45mm NATO
 Republic of China 2008
Zastava M21 Zastava Arms 5.56×45mm NATO  Serbia 2004
Zastava M70 Zastava Arms 7.62×39mm  Yugoslavia 1959
Zastava M80 Zastava Arms 5.56×45mm NATO  Yugoslavia
Early 1980s–1990
Zastava M90 Zastava Arms 5.56×45mm NATO  Serbia 1990

See also

References

  1. Taylor, C. The Fighting Rifle: A Complete Study of the Rifle in Combat. ISBN 0-87947-308-8.
  2. Moyer, F.A. Special Forces Foreign Weapons Handbook. ISBN 0-87364-009-8.
  3. Scroggie, R.J.; Moyer, Frank A. Special Forces Combat Firing Techniques. ISBN 0-87364-010-1.
  4. Assault rifle at the Encyclopædia Britannica
  5. Jane's Gun Recognition Guide. Ian Hogg & Terry Gander. HarperCollins Publishers. 2005. page 330
  6. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-07-15. Retrieved 2010-05-20.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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