List of art media
Art media is the material and tools used by an artist, composer or designer to create a work of art, for example, "pen and ink" where the pen is the tool and the ink is the material. Here is a list of types of art and the media used within those types.
Common supports (surfaces) for drawing
Common drawing tools and methods
- Graphic art software and 3D computer graphics
- Word processors and desktop publishing software
- Digital photography and digital cinematography
- Specialized input devices (e.g. variable pressure sensing tablets and touchscreens)
- Digital printing
- Programming languages
- Computer animation and computer-generated imagery
- Video art and its subsets single-channel video and video installation
A chef's tools and equipment, including ovens, stoves, grills, and griddles. Specialty equipment may be used, including salamanders, French tops, woks, tandoors, and induction burners.
Glassblowing, colouring and marking methods
Installation art is a site-specific form of sculpture that can be created with any material. An installation can occupy a large amount of space, create an ambience, transform/disrupt the space, exist in the space. One way to distinguish an installation from a sculpture (this may not apply to every installation) is to try to imagine it in a different space. If the objects present difficulties in a different space than the original, it is probably an installation.
Traditional writing media
Common bases for writing
- Card stock
- Paper, perhaps ruled
Traditional paint media
- Acrylic paint
- Blacklight paint
- Encaustic paint
- Latex paint
- Magna paint
- Oil paint
- Ink wash (sumi-e)
- Tempera or poster paint
- Vinyl paint (toxic/poisonous)
- Vitreous enamel
Indigenous materials for painting
Supports for painting
- Architectural structures
- Human body (typically for tattoos)
Traditional tools and methods
- Action painting
- Aerosol paint
- Paint roller or paint pad
- Palette knife
Muralists use many of the same media as panel painters, but due to the scale of their works, use different techniques. Some such techniques include:
Graphic narrative media
Comics creators use many of the same media as traditional painters.
The performing arts is a form of entertainment that is created by the artist's own body, face and presence as a medium. There are many skills and genres of performance; dance, theatre and re-enactment being examples. Performance art is a performance that may not present a conventional formal linear narrative.
In photography a photosensitive surface is used to capture an optical still image, usually utilizing a lens to focus light. Some media include:
In the art of printmaking, "media" tends to refer to the technique used to create a print. Common media include:
- Computer printing
- Dye-sublimation printer
- Inkjet printer (sometimes called giclée printing)
- Laser printer
- Solid ink printer
- Thermal printer
- Intaglio (printmaking)
- Letterpress (literature)
- Moku hanga
- Offset printing
- Photographic printing
- Planographic printing
- Printing press
- Relief printing
- Woodblock printing
In sculpting, a solid structure and textured surface is shaped or combined using substances and components, to form a three-dimensional object. The size of a sculptured work can be built very big and could be considered as architecture, although more commonly a large statue or bust, and can be crafted very small and intricate as jewellery, ornaments and decorative reliefs.
- Corrugated fiberboard (cardboard)
- Edible material
- Found objects
- Glue and other adhesives
The art of sound can be singular or a combination of speech or objects and crafted instruments, to create sounds, rhythms and music for a range of sonic hearing purposes. See also music and sound art.
The use of technical products as an art medium is a merging of applied art and science, that may involve aesthetics, efficiency and ergonomics using various materials.
In the art of textiles a soft and flexible material of fibers or yarn is formed by spinning wool, flax, cotton, or other material on a spinning wheel and crocheting, knitting, macramé (knotting), weaving, or pressing fibres together (felt) to create a work.
- Conceptual art
- Decorative arts
- Design tool
- Fashion design
- Fine art
- Fire performance
- Graphic arts
- Liberal arts
- List of pen types, brands and companies
- Mixed media
- New materials in 20th-century art
- Plastic arts
- Recording medium
- Video game art
- Tate. "Medium – Art Term". Tate. Retrieved 2019-02-10.
- Media (artists' materials) — definition from the Getty Art & Architecture Thesaurus.
- Artistic Medium, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
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