List of animal names

Many animals, particularly domesticated, have specific names for males, females, young, and groups.

The best-known source of many English words used for collective groupings of animals is The Book of Saint Albans, an essay on hunting published in 1486 and attributed to Juliana Berners.[1] Most terms used here may be found in common dictionaries and general information web sites.[2][3][4]

Generic terms

The terms in this table apply to many or all taxa in a particular biological family, class, or clade.

Scientific termYoungFemaleMaleCollective nounCollateral adjectiveTrivial name
Aveschickhencockflockavianbird
Bovinaecalfcow (bred), heifer (not bred)bull (intact), ox or steer (castrated)herdbovinecattle; cows
Canidaepuppy, pup,[5] cub, whelpbitchdogpackcaninedog
Equidaecolt (male), filly (female), foaljenny (asses), mare (other equids)jack (asses), stallion (other equids), gelding (castrated horse)herdequinehorse
Felidaekitten (non-big cats, such as Felis, Lynx, Puma,[6] etc.), cub (big cats, Panthera, and also Puma)queentomclowder (small cats), pride (big cats)felinecat
Suidaepigletsowboardrift or droveporcinepig
Procyonidaecub, kitsowboargaze, smack, committeeprocyonine, nasuine, othersRaccoon family of Carnivorans
Viverridaecub, kitsowboargaze, smack, committeeviverrineCivet family of Carnivorans
Mustelidaekitsow (large) or jill (small)Boar (large) or jack (small)colony (large) or Business (small)mustelineFerret family of Carnivorans (large = badgers & wolverines; small = weasels & ferrets)
Leporidaenestlingjilljacknest or bandleporinerabbits & hares
Osteichthyesfry, fingerling??school, shoalpiscine, ichthyicbony fish

Terms by species or taxon

AnimalYoungFemaleMaleCollective nounCollateral adjectiveCulinary noun for meat
A
AardvarkcubsowboarN/Aorycteropodian
AlbatrosschickN/AN/Aflock[7]
rookery[8]
gam (when searching for mates)[9]
diomedeid
Alligatorhatchlingcowbullcongregation[10]eusuchian
Alpaca[11]criahembramachoherdcamelid
Antlarva
pupa
queen (fertile)
worker
soldier
dronearmy[12]
bike[12]
colony[12][13]
nest[10]
swarm[12]
formic
myrmicine
AnteaterpupsowboarN/A?
Antelopecalf[14]doebuckherd[12][15]
cluster[12][15]
tribe[12][15]
alcelaphine
bubaline
antilopine
ApeinfantN/AN/Ashrewdness[2][10][15][16]
troop[10][12][15]
simian
Armadillopup
baby
sowboarN/Acingulatan
Ass/donkeyfoaljennyjackherd[12]
coffle[12][15]
drove[10][12][15]
pace[12][13][15]
asinine
B
Babooninfantbabuina[17]?flange[18][note 1]
congress[2][10][18]
troop
?
Badgercub
kit
sowboarcete[2][10][13][18]
colony[18]
musteline
BarracudaN/AN/AN/Aschool[19]percesocine
BatpupN/AN/Acloud[18][20]
colony[13][18]
flock[21]
pteropine
noctillionine
Bear (list)cub[22]sow
she-bear
boarsleuth[10][13][18]
sloth[10][13][18]
ursine
Beaverkit
kitten
pup
N/AN/Afamily[10]
colony[10][18]
castoridine
Beelarva
pupa
queen
worker [note 2]
dronecast (a second swarm)[18]
cluster (of workers around the queen)[18]
colony[18]
drift[2][18]
erst[2][18]
grist[10][18]
hive[2][10][18]
nest[10]
rabble[18]
stand[18]
swarm[2][10][18]
apic
apian
apiarian
Binturongcub????
Bird (list)
Also see Aves
chickhencockflock[2]
flight[2]
pod[2]
avian
Bisoncalfcowbullherdbovine
bubaline
Bluebird?????
Boar (wild pig)
Also see Pig
piglet
farrow
shoat/shote (just weaned)
sow?herd[18][23]
singular[10][23]

Groups of 12 or more
sounder[10][23]
?
Bobcatbobkitten???feline
Buffalocalfcow, heiferbullherd[10][13][18]
troop[10]
gang[10][13][18]
obstinancy[10][13][18]
bovine
Butterflycaterpillar
larva
pupa
chrysalis
??bivouac[18]
flutter[10]
rabble[18]
pieridine
pierine
lepidopteran
C
Camelcalfcowbullcaravan[10]
flock[10]
herd
train[10]
camelid
cameline
Capybarapup????
Caracalkitten???feline
Cariboucalfdoebuckherdrangiferine
Cassowaryhatchling
chick
??N/Aratite
Cat (list)kitten
kit
molly
queen
pussy
tom
gib (castrated male)[24]
clowder[2][10]
cluster[10]
clutter[25]
glaring[2][10]
pounce[10]
kindle (kittens)[26]
litter (kittens)
pillow (kittens)
feline
Caterpillar???army[10][27]?
Cattle[note 3] (list)calf[28]cow[29]bullherd[10]
drove[10]
yoke (oxen)
team (oxen)
bovine[note 4]
taurine (male)
vaccine (female)
vituline (young)
beef
veal
Chameleon ? ? ? absence ?
Chamoiscalfdoebullherdrupicaprine
Cheetahcubshe-cheetahcheetahcoalition (male)[30]feline
Chicken (list)chickhen
pullet
rooster
cock
cockerel
capon (castrated male)
flock
brood[10]
peep (chicks)[10]
clutch (eggs)
gallinepoultry
Chimpanzeeinfantempressblackbacktrooppanine
Chinchillakitvelvet
sow
boar
bull
?chinchilline
Choughchick??chattering[2][16][31]
clattering[2][16][32]
corvine
Coatipup
kit
sowboartroopnasuine
Cobra???quiver[33]elapid
Cockroachnymph??intrusion[33]blattid
Codcodling??school
gadoid
gadine
Cormorantchick
shaglet
??gulp[10][13][33]
flight
?
Cougarcub
kitten
she-cougar??feline
Coyotepup
puppy
cub
whelp
bitchdogpackcanine
Crabzoeahen
jenny
cock
jimmy
?cancrine
Cranechick
colt[34]
??herd
sedge[13]
sege[35]
siege[36]
alectorine
Cricketnymph????
Crocodilehatchlingcowbullbask[10]
congregation
float[10]
nest
crocodilian
Crow???murder[2][10]corvine
Cuckoo?????
Curlew???herd[2][16]?
D
Deercalf[14]
fawn
doe
hind
cow[14]
buck
stag
bull[14]
hart (red deer)
bunch[37]
herd[37]
mob[37]
rangale[37]
cervine
elaphine
venison
humble (organ meat)
Degu?????
Dholepup??pack?
Dingopup??pack?
Dinosaur (list)hatchling
juvenile
calf (herbivores)
chick (carnivores)
cow (herbivores)
doe (carnivores)
bull (herbivores)
buck (carnivores)
herd (herbivores)
pack (carnivores)
dinosaurian
Dog (list)pup[5]
puppy
whelp[38]
bitch
dog
stud
sire
pack (wild)[13][37]
kennel[37]
mute[13]
litter (young)[39]
cowardice (curs)[13][40]
comedy (boxers)[41][42]
cry (hounds)[43]
canine
Dogfish
Also see Shark
???troop[37]selachian
squaloid
Spiny dogfish
capeshark (USA)
flake (UK, AUS)
huss (UK)
kahada (CAN)[44]
rigg (UK)
rock salmon (UK)
Dolphincalf
pup
cowbullschool[37]
pod
herd
team[37]
delphine
Donkey (list)- See Ass
Dotterel???trip[2][13]?
Dovechickhencockarc[10]
cote
dole[2][37]
dule[10][37]
flight[2][10][37]
piteousness[2][37]
pitying[10]
columbine
Dragonflynymphqueenking
drake
cluster
flight
anisopteran
Duck (list)
Also see Mallard
ducklingduck
hen
drakeOn land
flock
herd
badling[13]
brace[13]
safe[2]
sord[37]
sore[37]
waddling[37]

On water
bunch[2][37]
paddling[2][37]
raft[2][37]

In flight
skein[37]
string[37]
team[13][37]
anatine
fuliguline
poultry
Dugongcalfcowbullherddugongine
Dunlinchick??fling[2]?
E
Eagleeaglet
fledgling
N/AN/Aconvocation[10][13]aquiline
Echidnapuggle
(in common use, but not scientifically endorsed)
??N/Atachyglossine
Eelleptocephalus (larva)
elver (juvenile)
N/AN/Abed[10]
swarm[10]
anguilline
Elandcalfcowbullherd?
Elephantcalf[28]cow[29]bull[45]herd
memory[10]
elephantine
proboscine
proboscidean
Elephant sealcalfcowbullherd
pack
miroungan
Elk (wapiti)calf[14]cow[14]bull[14]gang[10]
herd[10]
cervinevenison
Emuchick
hatchling
??mob[10]?
F
Falconeyass/eyasfalcontiercel
tercel
terzel
?acciptrine
Ferretkitjillhobbusyness[16]
business[10][13]
musteline
Finchchickhencockcharm[13]fringilline
Fish (list)fry
fingerling
??school[3]piscine
Flamingochick??phoenicopterine
Flymaggot??business[10]
cloud[10]
swarm[10]
dipterous
Foxcub[22]
kit
pup[5]
vixentod
dog
reynard
leash[10][13]
skulk[10][13]
vulpine
Frogpolliwog
tadpole
froglet
??army[13]ranine
G
Gaurcalfcowbullherdbovine
gaurine
garabeef
Gazellecalf[14]cow[14]bull[14]herdgazelline
Geckohatchlingdam (herpetoculture)sire (herpetoculture)??
Gerbilpupdoebuckhordecricetine
Giant pandacubsowboarsleuth[46] embarrassment [47] ailuropodine
Giraffecalfcowbullherd
corps[48]
tower[48][49]
giraffine
Gnatlarva??cloud[10][13][48]
horde[10][13][48]
rabble[48]
swarm[10][48]
?
Gnucalfcowbullherd
implausibility[50]
?
Goat (list)kidnanny
doe
doeling
billy
buck
buckling
wether (castrated)
herd
flock[48]
tribe[48]
trip[48]
trippe[48]
caprinechevon
cabrito
mutton
Goldfinch???charm[48]cardueline
Goosander???dopping[48]?
GoosegoslinggooseganderOn land
flock
gaggle[13][48]
plump[48]

In flight
skein[2][13][48]
team[2][48]
wedge[2][48]
chevron
anatine
anserine
poultry
GorillainfantN/Ablackback silverback
band[10][13][48]
troop[10]
whoop[48]
simian
Goshawk???flight[16][48]?
Grasshoppernymph??cloud[48]
swarm[48]
caeliferian
Grouse???covey[48]
pack[48]
tetraonine
Guanacochulengo[51]??herdcamelid
Guinea fowlkeethencockrasp[52]
flock[53]
numidinepoultry
Guinea pigpupsowboarherd?cuy
Gullchick
hencockcolony
flock
larine
H
Hamsterpupdoebuckhordecricetid
Hareleveretdoe
jill
buck
jack
band
down[54]
drove[54]
flick[54]
husk[54]
leverine
leporine
Hawkeyashentiercelcast[55][note 5]
aerie[55][note 6]
staff[55][note 7]
leash[55][note 8]
flight[55][note 9]
flock[55]

Migrating in large groups
kettle[10][55]
boil[13][55]
cauldron[55]
accipitrine
Hedgehoghoglet
piglet
pup
sowboararray[54]erinaceine
Hermit crabzoea???paguroid
Heronchickhencockflight[54]
sedge[10][13][54]
sege[35][54]
siege[10][13][36][54]
ardeidine
Herring???army[13][54]
glean[54]
shoal[54]
clupeidean
Hippopotamuscalfcowbullsea[10][13][54]
herd[54]
thunder[33]
hippopotamine
Hoatzinchick????
Hoopoechick????
Hornetlarvae
pupae
queendronebike[54]
nest[13]
swarm
vespine
Horse (list)foal
colt (male)
filly (female)
gelding (castrated male)
mare
dam
stallion
stud
stable[10]
stud[13]
harras[13]
herd (wild horses)[10]
band (wild horses)[10]
team (work horses)[10][13]
rag (colts)[13]
string (ponies)[13]
field (racehorses)
equine
Humanbaby
child
infant
girl (female)
boy (male)
woman
lady (colloquial)
man
gentleman (colloquial)
group
family
band
crowd
giggle (girls only)
bouncing (boys only)
clan
tribe
humanlong pig[56]
(See cannibalism)
Hummingbirdchickhencock?trochiline
trochilidine
Hyenacub
pup
whelp
bitchdogcackle[10][13]
clan
hyenine
I
Ibexkidnannybillyherdcaprine
Ibischick???threskiornithine
Iguanahatchlingcowbull??
Impalacalfeweramherd?
J
Jackalpup??pack?
Jaguarcub??prowl[57]
leap[57]
?
Jaychickhencockband[10]
party[13]
scold[13]
corvine
Jellyfishplanula
polyp
ephyra[58]
sowboarbloom
brood[10]
fluther[2]
smack[2][13]
smuth[8]
scyphozoan
Jerboa????dipodine
K
Kangaroojoeyflyer
doe
jill
roo
boomer
buck
jack
court
herd
troop[13]
mob[59]
macropodine
Kingfisherchick???alcedine
Kinkajoupup
kit
sowboartroop
convergence
potosine
Koalajoeydoebuck?phascolarctine
Komodo dragonhatchling
chick
calf
cow
hen
bull
cock
?varanine
Kookaburrachick????
Koupreycalfcowbullherdsauveline
bovine
Kuducalfcowbullherdtragelaphine
L
Lapwingchick??deceit[13][16]
desert[2]
vanelline
Larkchickhencockexaltation[2][16]alaudine
Lemurinfant??conspiracy[60]
lemurine
Leopardcubleopardessleopardleap[2][10][13]
lepe[2]
pardine
Lioncub[22]lionesslionpride
sawt
leonine
Lizardhatchling????
Llamacriahembramachoherd
flock
camelid
Lobster?hen[3]cock[3]riskhomarine
Locust (list)nymphN/AN/Acloud
host
swarm
caelifera
Lorisinfantcolony[61]lorisine[62]
LousenymphN/AN/Acolony
pediculine
Lynxkitten???feline
Lyrebirdchickhencock?menurine
M
Macaqueinfant???simian
Macawhatchling????
Magpiechickhencockflockgarruline
Mallard
Also see Duck
ducklinghengreenhead[63]sord[2]
suit[2]
anatinepoultry
Mammothcalfcowbullherd
pack
mammutine
Manateecalfcowbullherdmanatine
sirenian
MandrillinfantN/AN/Ahordesimian
Marmosetinfant???simian
Marmot?????
MeerkatmeerkittenN/AN/AConspiracy
Minkcub
kit
sowboar?musteline
Molepupsowboar?talpine
Mongoosepup??troop
committee
delegation
herpestine
MonkeyinfantN/AN/Atroop[2]simian
Moosecalf[14]cow[14]bull[14][45]herdcervinevenison
Mosquitonymph
wriggler
tumbler
N/AN/Aswarm
cloud
aedine
anopheline
Mousekitten
pup

As pet food
pinky/fuzzy/crawler/hopper[64]
doebuckcolony
nest
murine
Myna?????
N
Narwhalcalf????
Newteft[65]???pleurodeline
Nightingalechickhencockflock
philomelian
Nine-banded armadillo?????
O
Octopusfryhen[66]?consortium[67]octopodine
Okapicalfcowbullherdokapine
Opossumjoeyjilljackpasseldidelphine
Oryx (gemsbok)calf??herd?
Ostrichhatchling
chick
hencockflock
troop
ratite
struthious
Otterpup
whelp
sowboar?musteline
lutrine
Owlfledgling
owlet
??parliament[10]
strigine
Oysterspat??bed[10]ostracine
P
Panthercubpantheresspanther?pantherine
Parrotchickhencockflockpsittacine
Panda- See Giant panda
Partridgechickhen
chantelle
cock?perdicine
Peafowlchick
peachick
peahenpeacock?pavoninepoultry
Pelicanchick
nestling
??pod[10]pelecanine
Penguinchick
nestling
??waddle (on land)[68][69]
raft (in water)[68]
rookery[68]
colony[68]
huddle[68]
tuxedo[8]
spheniscine
Pheasantchickhencockflock
bouquet[10][13]
nest[13]
nide[13]
nye[10][13]
phasianine
Pig (list)
Also see Boar
piglet
farrow
shoat/shote (just weaned)
sow (bred),
gilt (not bred)[70]
boar
barrow (castrated)[71]
drift[10][13][72]
drove[10][13]
litter (piglets)
porcine
suilline
pork
ham
bacon
Pigeon (list)squab
squeaker
hencockflock
flight[73]
kit[73]
pullastrinesquab
Pika?????
Polar bearcubsowboaraurora[74]
celebration[74]
pack[74]
ursine
Pony- See Horse
Porcupinepupsowboarprickle[73]hystricine
Porpoisecalfcowbullpod
school
shoal
phocoenine
Prairie dogpupsowboartowncynomurine
Pugpupbitchdog
stud
sire
grumble[75]?
Q
Quailchickhencockbevygalliformine
Queleachickhencockflock
queline
Quetzalnestling??flocktrogonine
R
Rabbit (list)bunny
kit
kitten
nestling
doe
jill
buck
jack

yoyo

nest
litter (young)
wrack (young)
leporine
Raccooncub
kit
sowboargaze
nursery
committee
smack
brace
troop
procyonine
Ram
Also see Sheep
lambeweramflockarietine
ovine
lamb
mutton
Rat (list)kitten
pup
doe
cow
buck
bull
colony
horde
mischief[76]
murine
Ravenchickhencockunkindnesscorvine
Red deercalfhindstag
hart
herd?venison
Red pandacubsowboarpackailurid
Reindeer (caribou)calfcowbullherdrangiferine
Rheachick????
Rhinoceroscalfcowbullherd
crash[77]
ceratorhine
Rook???building[2]
parliament[2][78]
?
S
Salamanderlarva??maelstromcaudatan
salamandrine
Salmonparr[79]hencock?salmonine
Sand dollarlarva pluteus (free swimming stage)
juvenile (young urchin)
???clypeasteroid
Sandpiper???fling[80]scolopacine
Sardine???family [80]?
Sea lionpup
calf
cowbull?otarine
Seahorseseafoalseamareseastallionshoalhippocampal
Sealpup[5]cowbullherd[80]
pod[80]
rookery[80]
phocine
Sharkcub[22]
pup[81]
?bullshiver [47]selachian
squaloid
flake (AUS)
Sheep (list)
Also see Ram
lamb
lambkin
cosset
ewe
dam
ram
buck
wether (castrated)
flock
fold
herd
ovinelamb
mutton
hoggett
Shrewshrewletsowboarcolony
drove
soricine
Siamang?????
Skunkkitsowboar[3]surfeitmephitine
Slothkitten
pup
baby
sowboarN/Axenarthran (broader group)
Snail?N/AN/Aescargatoire[80][82]
rout[80][83]
walk[80]
gastropodianescargot
Snake  (list)snakelet
hatchling (newly hatched)
neonate (newborn)
N/AN/Anest
ball
slither
anguine
elapine
serpentine
viperine
ophidian
Spider  (list)spiderling??cluster[80]
clutter[80]
arachnine
arachnoid
SquidfryshoalTeuthidane
Squirrelpup
kit
kitten
doebuckscurry[33]
dray[73]
sciurine
Starling???chattering[10][31]
murmuration[2][10][13][16]
sturnine
Stegosaurus???handful[84]
Swancygnet
flapper
pencobflock
lamentation
cygnine
T
Tamarin????simian
Tapircalfcowbullherd
tapirine
Tarsierinfantfemalemale
tarsiine
Termitelarvacowbullcolony
nest
swarm
isopteran
Tigercub[22]
whelp
tigresstigerambush[10]
streak[33]
tigrine
Toadtadpole
toadlet
N/AN/Aknot[10][13]ranine
batrachian
Toucanchick????
Turaco?????
Turkey (list)poulthengobbler
stag
tom
jake (immature)
rafter[85][86]?poultry
TurtlehatchlingN/AN/Abale[87]chelonian
U
Umbrellabirdchick????
V
Vicuñacalfcowbullposse
herd
cameline
Vinegaroon?????
Viperhatchling???viperine
Vulturechick????
W
Wallabyjoeyjilljackmob?
Walruscalfcowbullherd
flock
odobenine
Wasplarvaqueen
worker
droneswarm
hive
colony
nest
vespine
Water buffalocalfcowbull??carabeef
Waxwing?????
Weaselpup
kit
bitch
doe
jill
buck
dog
hub
jack
gang[15]
sneak[15]
musteline
Whalecalf[28]cow[29]bullpod
school
cetacean
cetaceous
blubber
Wobbegong?????
Wolfpup[5]
puppy
cub
whelp
bitch
she-wolf
dogpack
lupine
canine
Wolverinekit
whelp
angelinewolverinepack
musteline
Wombatjoeyjilljackwisdom[88]?
Woodpeckerchick????
Worm????caecilian
Wrenchickcowbull?troglodytine
X

X-ray tetra

Y
Yakcalfcowbullherd?
Z
Zebracolt
foal
marestallionherd[10][89]
cohort[89]
dazzle [90]
zeal[10][89]
zebrine
hippotigrine

See also

Notes

  1. The term "flange" was originally used to denote a group of baboons in a Not the Nine O'Clock News comedy sketch entitled "Gerald the Intelligent Gorilla" where it was used for comic effect. It has since been used in the scientific literature for a collection of baboons.
  2. A worker bee is a sexually undeveloped female.
  3. Castrated male cattle are steers in the United States, or bullocks in the United Kingdom. Oxen are draft animals that are (if male) usually castrated but not necessarily. A young cow that has not given birth is a heifer. See Cattle for more names. Cows is often used informally to refer to cattle in general.
  4. Bovine refers to all species of genus Bos.
  5. The term "cast" is a classic 15th-century term of venery that refers to only two "hawks of the tower" but in modern usage does not necessarily have the same numerical constraint. Confusingly, hawks of the tower are technically falcons and not hawks.
  6. The term "aerie" is a classic 15th-century term of venery that refers to only two "hawks of the tower" but in modern usage does not necessarily have the same numerical constraint. "Aerie" also refers to hawks and other birds of prey nesting high on a mountain top. Confusingly, hawks of the tower are technically falcons and not hawks.
  7. The term "staff" is a classic 15th-century term of venery that refers to only three "hawks of the tower" but in modern usage does not necessarily have the same numerical constraint. Confusingly, hawks of the tower are technically falcons and not hawks.
  8. The term "leash" is a classic 15th-century term of venery that refers to only three "hawks of the tower" but in modern usage does not necessarily have the same numerical constraint. Confusingly, hawks of the tower are technically falcons and not hawks.
  9. The term "flight" is a classic 15th-century term of venery that refers to only "hawks of the wrist" to include goshawks and sparrowhawks. Hawks of the wrist are true hawks in the genus Accipiter.

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Further reading

  • Peter Gray, "The encyclopedia of the biological sciences", 1970
  • Lipton, James (1993) [1968]. An Exaltation of Larks (Ultimate ed.). Penguin. ISBN 978-0-14-017096-2.
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