List of amusement rides

Amusement rides, sometimes called carnival rides, are mechanical devices or structures that move people to create enjoyment.

Types of rides

  • Flat rides are usually considered to be those that move their passengers in a plane generally parallel to the ground, such as rides that spin around a vertical axis, like carousels and twists, and ground level rides such as bumper cars and The Whip.[1][2]
  • Gravity rides are those where gravity is responsible for all or some of the movement, and where any vertical movement is not about a fixed point, such as roller coasters and water slides.[1]
  • Vertical rides usually move their passengers in a vertical plane and around a fixed point, such as Ferris wheels, Enterprise, and Skydiver.[1]

Specific themes

List of amusement rides

Year Name(s) Image Type Notes
Ali Baba Pendulum ride
Alpine slide
Balloon Race
1965 Bayern Kurve
Booster (Fabbri) Pendulum ride
1998 Booster (HUSS)
1985 Breakdance
1972 Bumper boats Water ride
1920s Bumper cars Dodgems
1700s Carousel Merry-Go-Round
1925 Caterpillar
1984 Condor
2003 Disk'O
c.1910 Devil's wheel
Double Shot Drop tower
1972 Enterprise
1992 Evolution
1893 Ferris wheel
1930s Flying Scooters
Freak out Pendulum ride
1982 Freefall Drop tower
1994 Frisbee Pendulum ride
Fun Slide
1983 Gravitron
Gyro tower
1905 Helter skelter
1940s Hurricane
Infinity Pendulum ride
Inversion Pendulum ride
Jump and Smile
1984 Kamikaze Pendulum ride
Kiddie ride
1963 Log flume Water ride
1982 Looping Starship Pendulum ride
Loop Fighter Pendulum ride
1933 Loop-O-Plane
Madhouse Dark ride
1930s Mechanical bull
1986 Motion simulator
Music Express
Old Mill Water ride
1968 Omnimover
1976 Orbiter
1957 Paratrooper
c.1893 Pirate Ship Pendulum ride
1999 Power Surge
1983 Rainbow
1981 Ranger Pendulum ride
Red Baron
c.1978 Reverse bungee
River caves Water ride
1980 River rapids ride Water ride
1978 Rockin' Tug
1948 Rock-O-Plane
1700s Roller coaster The roller coaster is an amusement ride developed for amusement parks and modern theme parks. LaMarcus Adna Thompson obtained a patent regarding roller coasters on January 20, 1885, which were made out of wood, but this patent is considerably later than the "Russian mountains" described in the article.
1940s Rotor
Round Up
2004 Screamin' Swing Pendulum ride
1884 Shoot the Chute Water ride
2003 Sky Swat
1992 Skycoaster
1965 Skydiver
1996 Space Shot Drop tower
Speed Pendulum ride
Star Flyer Swing ride
Super Shot Drop tower
1996 Super Star
1960 Swing Around
Swing boat Pendulum ride
1914 The Whip
1926 Tilt-A-Whirl
1996 Top Scan
1990 Top Spin
2002 Topple Tower Pendulum ride
Tornado (Mondial)
Tornado (Wisdom)
Tow boat ride Water ride
1970s Troika
Tumble Bug
1800s Tunnel of love Dark ride
Turbo Drop Drop tower
1978 UFO
1933 Waltzer
1963 Wipeout



Fairground rides in Germany

In Germany, fairground attractions can be found at traveling carnivals or at Volksfesten. The most common are carousels, bumper cars, swing boats, ferris wheels, roller coasters, as well as moveable tribunes, show booths and circus tents. While the fairground attractions installed in parks are normally stationary and permanent (i.e., they are planned and approved by officials), the amusement rides used at Volksfests are taken down at the end of the fair, transported to another location and reconstructed there, all of which has to be considered during the designing phase.


In Germany, amusement rides are subject to strict controlls by the TÜV and need to be checked for waer and tear anually. After every setup the local building authorities have to check, whether the ride fulfills to TÜV regulations. Only after this inspection and seal of approval, which also includes a test run, is the ride allowed to launch. The German TÜV-standards are the most strict in the world and therefore highly regarded. This helps to sellGerman products worldwide.

There are similarly strict regulations in many other countries. In addition to the German TÜV, other organizations inspect the rides abroad, for example Det Norske Veritas.However, in some countries those inspections are neccesary or the regulations are less strict.

Other rides

The following rides are not amusement rides, strictly speaking, but they are considered as such:


The highest transportable amusement ride at 95 m is Top of the World.However, this is now permanently located.


  • Florian Dering: Volksbelustigungen. Eine bildreiche Kulturgeschichte von den Fahr-, Belustigungs- und Geschicklichkeitsgeschäften der Schausteller vom achtzehnten Jahrhundert bis zur Gegenwart. Greno, Nördlingen 1986, ISBN 3-89190-005-8.
  • Karl Ruisinger: Kirmes Special. Karussells 1950er und 1960er Jahre (= Kirmes Special 1). Gemi Verlag, Reichertshausen 2005, ISBN 3-9808913-3-X.
  • Sacha-Roger Szabo: Rausch und Rummel. Attraktionen auf Jahrmärkten und in Vergnügungsparks. Eine soziologische Kulturgeschichte. transcript-Verlag, Bielefeld 2006, ISBN 3-89942-566-9 (Zugleich: Freiburg, Univ., Diss., 2006).


  1. Ferris wheels - an illustrated history, Norman D. Anderson
  2. "Self-Powered Loop-the-Loop is Latest Ride" Popular Mechanics, April 1935
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.